Grammar - TeacherWeb

Document Sample
Grammar - TeacherWeb Powered By Docstoc
					by Ms. Allen
   Think-Write-Pair-Share
  What are the different parts of speech?

  (*Hint: If you don’t know any, talk about what parts of
  speech might mean. Use your vocabulary skills to help
  you. You know what SPEECH is, and you know what
  PARTS are)


Starter: One part of speech is a ________.

      • Noun
     Parts of Speech
  Before you can understand sentences,                      There are
                                                           only 8 kinds
   phrases, clauses, even English, you need
                                                            of words!
      to understand the parts of speech                     That’s it!
                                                   8 kinds of words= 8 kinds of speech
                                                  Our WHOLE language is made up of
Even though there are 8 kinds of                        these 8 kinds of parts:
  words, there are really only 2              •    Noun
main kinds of words. The other                •    Pronoun
 six are helpers that support the
                                              •    Adjective
              main 2.
                                              •    Verb
 The 2 main kinds of words are
                                              •    Adverb
the NOUN and the VERB. The
   other 6 help them do things.               •    Preposition

     The secret to remember:                  •    Conjunction
  “A verb about a noun”                       •    Interjection
Parts of Speech
                                            Can you tell what
                                           the 2 main kinds of
                                               words are?




adj
      n v    pron



                            adv
                                            EVERY
                                            sentence
                                           has a noun
                                            & verb in
                                             it. No
                                           other part
                                           of speech
                                              is in
      prep          conj.                   EVERY
                                  interj
                                            sentence
    Parts of Speech
     NOUNS name things, a whole world of things…

           The ship chugged slowly up the Congo,
              gray smoke blowing past the stern,
                 the sharp bow cutting through
           the flowing river’s blue, the crew knowing
                   they will soon see the lights
            bright below the vast and vivid sunset.

Proper Nouns: Madagascar, Titanic, Bombay
Common Nouns: fuel, dishes, foam, horizon

                                     Noun= person, place, or thing
   Parts of Speech
  PRONOUNS are quick words, speedy shortcuts

                       Instead of saying
 Joseph Theodore Conrad, the author of Heart of Darkness,
whose real name was Jozef Teodor Konrad Nalecz Korzeniowski
                     we can just say HE.



            See? Pronouns make language fast!
           The word pronoun means “for the noun”.

                           Pronouns can replace a noun
        Parts of Speech
               In the following sentences, identify all nouns, and pronouns.


           P                   N          N         N           N
Example: She walked to the mall with Jennifer, Tiffany, and Paul.

1. He will never forget playing soccer with Mark and Adam.
2. Sam is going on vacation with her.
3. Sara will have dinner alone.
4. She is not happy with Joe.
5. He is not happy with her either.
6. Remember, you should never go anywhere alone
7. Julie is better at math than her.
8. She will never forget him.
9. Kiera is friends with the new girl.
10. She wants to meet Brittany Spears and Hannah Montana.
Parts of Speech
                                            EVERY
                                            sentence




      n v
                                           has a noun
                                            & verb in
                                             it. No
                                           other part
             pron                          of speech
                                              is in
adj
                                            EVERY
                            adv             sentence

      prep          conj.         interj
     Parts of Speech
          Every sentence must have a subject and a verb

                         WHO is the sentence about?
                          WHAT are they doing?

      Is it possible for a sentence to not have a noun and still be complete?
                      Remember: Pronouns replace a noun

  Regardless of whether you use a pronoun or noun in your
               sentence, it must be the subject.
   You can’t have a sentence unless it is about somebody.

EXAMPLE:
1. Went to the store with Kaylee.
2. She went to the store.
        Parts of Speech
         In the following sentences, identify all nouns, pronouns, and subjects.


           PS                 N          N         N           N
Example: She walked to the mall with Jennifer, Tiffany, and Paul.

1. He will never forget playing soccer with Mark and Adam.
2. Sam is going on vacation with her.
3. Sara will have dinner alone.
4. She is not happy with Joe.
5. He is not happy with her either.
6. Remember, you should never go anywhere alone
7. Julie is better at math than her.
8. She will never forget him.
9. Kiera is friends with the new girl.
10. She wants to meet Brittany Spears and Hannah Montana.
Parts of Speech
                                            EVERY
                                            sentence




      n v
                                           has a noun
                                            & verb in
                                             it. No
                                           other part
             pron                          of speech
                                              is in
adj
                                            EVERY
                            adv             sentence

      prep          conj.         interj
  Parts of Speech
When we say something about a noun or pronoun, we use a
 special kind of word= VERB… (The verb says that the
          noun or pronoun does or is something).
 Verbs are the only part of speech that can be found in
                EVERY sentence. Why?

               She sailed toward the marina.
             The captain perplexed the crew.
                  Mona secured the line.
      The Arabian Sea extended into the Gulf of Aden.
          The store at the marina sold sandwiches.
      Parts of Speech
                              Remember:
 Even though there are 8 kinds of words, there are really only 2
  main kinds of words. The other six are helpers that support
                          the main 2.
  The 2 main kinds of words are the NOUN and the VERB.
              The other 6 help them do things.
                  The secret to remember:
                “A verb about a noun”


Action Verbs: approached, sailed, flowed, took
Linking verbs: is, was, will be
                     IS= an equation
John is a pirate.
John saw a pirate.
                     2+2=4
                     John= Pirate
                                          Verb= action or “to be”
Parts of Speech
 Every sentence must have a verb about a noun.
  Verb about a noun= subject (noun) + verb

          She sailed toward the marina.
        The captain perplexed the crew.
             Mona secured the line.
 The Arabian Sea extended into the Gulf of Aden.
Parts of Speech
                                            EVERY
                                            sentence




      n v
                                           has a noun
                                            & verb in
                                             it. No
                                           other part
             pron                          of speech
                                              is in
adj
                                            EVERY
                            adv             sentence

      prep          conj.         interj
              Adjectives
                                     What if we had a trick word,
If I gave you a list of           That let us name millions of things
                                    with only thousands of nouns?
1,000 nouns and told                  That’s what adjectives do!
you to use this list to          With adjectives, we can us one noun
  name nouns. How               To refer to hundreds of different things.
many do you think you                 Adjectives= modify nouns
     would name?

                   Modify means to adjust or change.
                            Raging sea
        Do you see how the adjective raging modifies the noun sea?
                        Let’s modify sea again:

    Stormy sea                                 rolling sea
    Serene sea                                 silent sea
    Profound sea                               quiet sea
                  Adjectives
                                    You ADD the adjective to the noun
                                     It modifies the idea of the noun
                                       Adjectives are ALWAYS with




       adj
               n          pron
                                           nouns or pronouns



                                     With adjectives, you don’t have to
                                   know thousands of nouns to name all
                                     of the types of seas. You just learn
                                    sea and then modify with adjectives.

Modifying a pronoun:                                     Articles:
She is adventurous. It is stormy. He is sunburned.     THE, A, & AN
      Noun System
                  Adjectives & Pronouns always work
                       with nouns. They make a




      n
                           NOUN SYSTEM
                        to help us name things


        pron
                        Noun= Main thing
adj
                         Nouns name things,
                       pronouns replace nouns,
               and adjectives modify nouns or pronouns
        Parts of Speech
 This noun system is a part of every sentence (in some form)
               N + Adj                      or         P + Adj
   The noun system tells us WHAT we are talking about.

 A plume of black smoke   trailed off to the south.
       The green water    was glassy and smooth.
        The old engine    leaked oil into the ship’s hold.
          The lifeboat    swung above the sleeping quarters.
                   He     stood placidly on the bridge.
The experienced captain   avoided the reefs.
                 They     spend a week in Thailand.
             The birds    were quiet in the heat of the day.
               Adverbs
  Just as adjectives          We don’t have to know millions of verbs
                              for the millions of things we do either.
        modify
nouns/pronouns so we
  don’t need to know           Adverbs= modify verbs,
 millions of nouns…          adjectives, or another adverb
           Verb: The ship moved slowly to the pier.
          Adjective: The very fast boat sped away.
             Adverb: The sun set so quickly.

                  Most adverbs end in LY:
           Loudly, noisily, hungrily, suddenly,
              palpably, hurriedly, happily
          (high, well, aside, again, aloud, away)
Parts of Speech
   The light breeze gradually increased.


  The rusty freighter has many portholes.


  The grizzled captain stared hesitantly.


  She brushed the red paint on the hull.
Conjunctions
      Con= together, junct= join

A CONJUNCTION joins two words
   or two groups of words together




ad
 j   n v   pro
            n



                      ad
                       v

            conj
       Conjunctions
COORDINATING:
   and  but or                        nor          for   so   yet
                                  (only 7 kinds)


                 They are called COordinating
        because each joined side is equal; they work together

Two Nouns: Roberto and Eduardo paddled.
Two Verbs: We navigated or read.
Two adjectives: It was rusty and slow.
Two adverbs: She steered carefully but well.
Two Pronouns: She and I swam.
Two groups: It was at the dock and near the marina.
Two groups: The water was cold, yet it felt good.
     Conjunctions
SUBORDINATING:
        if as since           when    because…

                      Sub means under
   The subordinating conjunctions join a main group of words
         to a subordinating (or less important) group


The cruise ship docked after the storm abated.
Since the marina isn’t open, we will wait.
The seaman waved because he saw his wife on the dock.
        Parts of Speech
      In the following sentences, identify the subordinating conjunction.



1. Since I did not study, I failed my test.
2. If you want to avoid lunch and learn, you have to finish your
   homework.
3. As I mentioned earlier, school is important.
4. I love school, because education can take you places.
5. You can’t skip school, since there is a test.
6. After I am done, I can start the dishes.

    Bonus Question:
    Rewrite the following sentence to include a subordinating conjunction

    I will be famous; I am so talented.
      Parts of Speech
     In the following sentences, tell which words are being joined.



1. The seawall was soggy and green.
2. Jane sailed and swam all summer.
3. He and she ate at the marina.
4. Connor painted hurriedly and messily.
5. The rain and wind continued all night long.
6. The ship was rusty but sound.
Parts of Speech
                                            EVERY
                                            sentence




      n v
                                           has a noun
                                            & verb in
                                             it. No
                                           other part
             pron                          of speech
                                              is in
adj
                                            EVERY
                            adv             sentence

      prep          conj.         interj
           Interjection
               Inter= between, ject= throw

            Unlike all of the other parts of speech,
      an interjection does nothing for the other words
It doesn’t:
• Modify                                   Interjections
• Show a relationship
                                       are emotion words
• Replace a noun
• Join anything together             (not calm & peaceful)


  Called interjection because it is thrown in between other
  words with nothing grammatical to do
     Parts of Speech
                                           In the following
                                         passage, what words
        Interjections                   seem to show emotion
    are emotion words                    but can be taken out
                                         without affecting the
  (not calm & peaceful)                 sentence, because they
                                          have NO meaning

Wow, what a long ship the Thomas W. Lamont was! Yes, it was
built in 1930. No, it was not designed for ocean travel, but was a
red-hulled, self-unloader designed for transit over fresh water.
Well, in 1987 it was sold for scrap and towed overseas, yikes! O,
the perils of being an old ship.
         Prepositions
                 Pre= before, pos= put

        Prepositions begin prepositional phrases.
   They show how things are related to one another.
 What if I had no way to tell you whether you should come
    to Language Arts before during or after school?

How things relate:
• SPACE: The pass is above the bookshelf.
• TIME: The fire alarm sounded after the bell rang.
• DIRECTION: We headed toward the field.
      Parts of Speech
   The preposition shows
                                            There are so many
 the relationship between
                                             preposition, it is
   its object (the object of
                                              easiest to just
    the proposition) and
                                             memorize them
  some other word in the
           sentence
        The man on the bridge




I’m going to introduce you to a song that will help you to
remember pronouns…
About, above, across, after
Against, along, amid                  O Christmas Tree
Among, Around, At, Atop, Before
Behind, Below, Beneath

Beside, Between, Beyond, But, By
Concerning, Down, During, Except       Deck the Halls
For, From, In, Inside, Into
Like, Near, Of, Off, On, Onto, Out

Outside, Over, Past, Regarding
Since, Through, Throughout, To, Toward
Under, Underneath, Until             We Wish You a
Up, Upon, With, Within, Without       Merry Xmas
 Names things: boat, wind, wave, idea, Anna
 Replaces the noun: it, he, she

 Modifies a noun or pronoun: rusty, wavy, blue



 Shows actions or links: sailed, was

 Modifies the verb: quickly, suddenly, then



Joins: and, but, if, as

Shows relationship: under, before, after, from




Shows emotion: yes, no, wow, oops
Parts of Speech
    Let’s review for our
     Parts of Speech
            Test


      Parts of Speech BINGO
Parts of Speech
    Let’s review for our
     Parts of Speech
            Test


         Practice Website
Parts of Speech
                                            EVERY
                                            sentence




      n v
                                           has a noun
                                            & verb in
                                             it. No
                                           other part
             pron                          of speech
                                              is in
adj
                                            EVERY
                            adv             sentence

      prep          conj.         interj
Parts of Speech
    Every sentence must have a verb about a noun.
     Verb about a noun= subject (noun) + verb

              She sailed toward the marina.
            The captain perplexed the crew.
                 Mona secured the line.
     The Arabian Sea extended into the Gulf of Aden.



       This type of sentence is called a simple sentence.
If every sentence was written this way, writing would sound very
                              boring.
      Simple Sentence
        Paragraph
    I was getting older. I needed to exercise. I
jogged a lot. I went up. I went down. I did this every
night. I jogged up four times. I jogged down four
times. I got tired. I could not run anymore. I went
home to rest. I felt embarrassed. I would never tell
anyone. My secret would not leave me. I shared
later. I increased my strength. I ran a lot. I ran up
23 times. I ran down 23 times. I ran down. I
tripped. I stumbled to the bottom. I broke my neck.
I cannot run now.
     Varied Sentence
              ParagraphI could not longer
    As I got older, I began to realize that
get by without exercising. I had never exercised before, so I
decided to start easy; I jogged up and down the stairs each
night. At first, I could only jog up and down, without
stopping, a total of four times. Once I finished the fourth
jog, I went home. I was forced to rest. I was so embarrassed
about my poor exercising skills, I refused to tell anyone.
However, I am able to share my pathetic encounter now,
because my strength has increased dramatically. On my last
trip, I managed to run up and down a total of 23 times.
Eventually, my training ended, due to an unfortunate
encounter. As I headed for the bottom, I tripped, stumbled
to the bottom, and broke my neck. I will not be running
anytime soon.
                  Parts of a
                  Sentence
We now know that there are only 8 kinds
   of words, but how do these 8 kinds of         Subject=
           words work together?                  What its about
                                                Predicate=
                                                What we say about it
    Usually, the noun, with its
pronoun and adjective, says what
                                           These two parts must make a complete
   we’re talking about, and the               thought, or else it isn’t a sentence.
    verb, adverb, preposition,
  conjunction, and interjection,           Complete Sentence=
  help say something about the             1. Subject
   noun. In grammar, this two-             2. Predicate
 sided idea is called a sentence.
                                           3. Complete Thought
 Every sentence has two parts.
       Parts of a
       Sentence
      Subject


      n
                Predicate



                 v
adj                         adv
Parts of a Sentence
            Notice… we think with 2 part ideas


          Salando      steered the tugboat carefully.        Simple
    The cruise ship    moved into the harbor.                 vs.
       The pelican     sat on the top of the mast.
                                                            Complete
A fleet of sailboats   raced across the bay.
The conning tower      submerged.
              She      avoided the reefs.
The rusty freighter    spent a week in Thailand.
         The birds     were quiet in the heat of the day.
                        Grammar
  We can examine a sentence in two different ways:
       •Parts of Speech: what kinds of words are in the sentence, see
       what each word is doing
       •Parts of the Sentence: how the whole idea works, what the
       idea is about, what we are saying about it




Oh, the        red boat       passed      silently   through       the    blue water.
Interj. adj.   adj.      n.      v.        adv.         prep.      adj.   adj.      n.

                      subject predicate
        --complete subject-- -------------------complete predicate------------------------
                              Grammar
Yes, the tugboat and some freighter arrived here in the night.
Interj. adj.        n.        conj.   adj.      n.        v.        adv. prep. adj.   n.

                   subject                    subject   predicate
        -----complete (compound) subject------          --------complete predicate----------


                                      Let’s try this!

Wow,           I     forgot     to    bring   my     backpack and         my     lunchbox.
                        Grammar
1. The captain stared with telescopic gaze.


2. The first mate sailed with her for twenty years.


3. The conning tower of the submarine submerged.


4. A fleet of sailboats raced across the bay


5. The pelican sat atop the tattered mast gleefully.
     Parts of a
     Sentence                       Can a sentence
                                  have more than one
                                    subject or more
                                  than one predicate?
     Subject


     n v
                      Predicate




ad                                  ad
 j                                   v


         Compound= to combine
Judy and her dog run on the
   beach every morning.
   Can you find the
 compound predicate?
Mother mopped and
scrubbed the kitchen floor.
                         Grammar
Yes, the tugboat and some freighter arrived here in the night.
Interj. adj.    n.       conj.   adj.     n.        v.        adv. prep. adj.   n.

               subject                  subject   predicate
        -----complete (compound) subject------    --------complete predicate----------


                                 Let’s try this!

Wow, I forgot to bring my backpack and grab my                             lunchbox.
                      Grammar
Label the parts of speech & parts of a sentence. Then, determine which part of the
   sentence is compound.

•   Good nutrition is important for both your body and your mind.

•   Yesterday I read a magazine article and learned about nutrition facts.

•   Fruits and certain vegetables have sugars in them and also contain
    carbohydrates.

•   Experts recommend a balanced diet that includes all of the food groups.

•   A balanced diet even allows for some snack foods, like chips, soda, and cookies.

•   Unfortunately, soda does not include many, if any, nutrients!

•   This does not mean that you can never have them; just do not have them often.

•   Protein is found in animal products and provides you with important nutrients.
  Parts of a Sentence
     What must you have in your
     sentence for it to be complete?
                                       Subject
Complete Sentence=                        &
                                        Verb
 S       V

She walked to the store.

SIMPLE SENTENCE: complete sentence
COMPOUND SENTENCE: two complete sentences

 She walked to the store.
 She walked to the store and she bought groceries.
 She walked to the store and bought clothes.
      Parts of a Sentence
      Punctuate the following sentences correctly and identify both root sentences.

            S     P                              S    P
                                            C

Example: She walked to the mall with them, but she walked home alone.

1.   Kaylee went swimming and he went bowling.
2.   She is happy but she is also sad.
3.   The nurse tended the wounds and she calmed his nerves.
4.   She could help him but she tried her best.
5.   He wanted to go home but wasn’t allowed.
     Parts of a Sentence
Label the parts of speech. Then, underline the root sentence, and identify the following
                           sentences as simple S or compound C.

Example: The hobbit was a very well-to-do hobbit, and his name was Baggins. C

1. He had a tall pointed blue hat, a long grey cloak, a silver scarf, and immense black
   boots.
2. “Good morning!” said Bilbo, and he meant it.
3. There is little or no magic about them, only the ordinary everyday sort which helps
   them to disappear quietly and quickly.
4. That was, of course, absurd.
5. That was, of course, absurd, because she was a fairy wife.
Parts of Speech
                                            Can you tell what
                                           the 2 main kinds of
                                               words are?




adj
      n v    pron



                            adv
                                            EVERY
                                            sentence
                                           has a noun
                                            & verb in
                                             it. No
                                           other part
                                           of speech
                                              is in
      prep          conj.                   EVERY
                                  interj
                                            sentence
 Names things: boat, wind, wave, idea, Anna
 Replaces the noun: it, he, she

 Modifies a noun or pronoun: rusty, wavy, blue



 Shows actions or links: sailed, was

 Modifies the verb: quickly, suddenly, then



Joins: and, but, if, as

Shows relationship: under, before, after, from




Shows emotion: yes, no, wow, oops
  Points to Ponder
  It is typical for a preposition to be
                                              IF YOU’RE UNCERTAIN
      followed by an adj or two and
                                               ABOUT THE POS, YOU
                  then a noun.                CAN USUALLY NARROW
            Frequent Pattern=                   IT DOWN TO 2 OR 3
                                                  ALTERNATIVES
                             on the deck
           P ad                                   (Then grab a
                j    N around the cabin            dictionary)


 All of the parts of speech occur     Even teachers stop to think sometimes. It’s
                                          okay to not know everything every time.
frequently. Since there are only 8
parts, we use them over and over.
                                     Parts of speech make a simple
 There is always a Verb, and it’s
                                                       system:
  often modified by an adverb.
                                   nouns (replaced by pronouns) modified by
There is usually a Noun, and it’s     adjectives, verbs modified by adverbs,
     often modified by an Adj         conjunctions joining, prepositions
      (especially an article).        relating, and interjections emoting.
                             Noun:    Verb:          Prep:

• Boys vs. Girls
                             Adj:     Adv:           Interj:
• 1st person in line takes
                              funny
  a word
                             Pro:            Conj:
• Place it in a category
                                              and
  on a your chart paper
• After 1st person
  returns, next person
  does the same
• 1st group to place all
  words correctly
  WINS!
       Parts of a
       Sentence
                                    Two
                                   Parts:
      Subject


      n
                Predicate         Something




                 v
                                   about a
                                    noun




adj                         adv
                          Grammar
Yes, the tugboat and some freighter arrived here in the night.
Interj. adj.    n.        conj.   adj.     n.        v.        adv. prep. adj.   n.

               subject                   subject   predicate
        -----complete (compound) subject------     --------complete predicate----------


 Notice the 2 levels of grammar: parts of speech and parts of
 a sentence.
 Top level: Each word has been labeled as a part of speech
 Bottom level: Parts of the sentence have been identified
                         (when talking about the subject & predicate we
                                usually mean simple; however, both are
 labeled)
Parts of a Sentence
            Notice… we think with 2 part ideas


          Salando      steered the tugboat carefully.
    The cruise ship    moved into the harbor.
       The pelican     sat on the top of the mast.
A fleet of sailboats   raced across the bay.
The conning tower      submerged.
              She      avoided the reefs.
The rusty freighter    spent a week in Thailand.
         The birds     were quiet in the heat of the day.
 How can knowing the parts of speech/
 parts of a sentence aid you in all areas of
 English?

Starter: Understanding the parts of
 speech can aid me in English because
 I will be able to _____ (verb).

    • write complete sentences
                  Parts of a
                  Sentence                        Two
                                                 Parts:
                                                Something
                                                 about a
                                                  noun




n n v v
Subject           Subject   Predicate          Predicate
            and                         and




      adj                                adv
                          Grammar
The tugboat and some freighter arrived then left in the night.

adj.     n.      conj.    adj.   n.          v.       adv.     v. prep. adj. n.


       subject                    subject predicate          predicate
-----complete (compound) subject------ ------complete (compound) predicate--------


 Notice the 2 levels of grammar: parts of speech and parts of
 a sentence.
 Top level: Each word has been labeled as a part of speech
 Bottom level: Parts of the sentence have been identified
                         (when talking about the subject & predicate we
                                usually mean simple; however, both are
 labeled)
 Parts of a Sentence
 It is critical to focus on the verb
     now. Depending on what the
        verb is, there are up to 5
      different parts of a sentence
                                        The whole sentence is made
                                       of a complete subject, and a
                                       complete predicate about it.
1.   Subject
2.   Predicate
                                         The simple subject is the
3.   Direct object                     noun or subject pronoun that
4.   Indirect object
5.   Subject                             the sentence is about. The
     complement
                                       simple predicate is the verb.
If the verb is ACTION, then it             If you have a direct object, you
     might act on a direct object.          might have an indirect object. An
    The direct object is a noun or             indirect object is a noun or
    object pronoun that receives              object pronoun that is located
        the action of the verb.             between the action verb and the
                                               direct object, and it is only
                                            indirectly affected by the action.


The freighter slowly crossed the
                                           The captain gave the seaman a
               inlet.
                                                    direct order.
The captain saw the island in the
                                           The captain gave him an order.
            distance.

Step 1: Find the verb                    Step 3: Does this action affect
Step 2: What/who receives that action?   anyone/anything else?
Parts of a Sentence
                               indirect                  direct
           action               object                   object
Subject   predicate




                              Martin                    coffee.
Roberto    gave



                                     Notice the order:
                      Subject- predicate- indirect object- direct object
                             Roberto gave Martin the coffee.
The Bismark crossed the harbor.
_____________________________________________________________

The tugboat gave the freighter a nudge.
_____________________________________________________________

Yes, the crew painted the forecastle.                           Will there
_____________________________________________________________
                                                                  always
The barge struck the coral reef.
_____________________________________________________________
                                                                    be a
The old captain gave the company his charts.
                                                                   direct
_____________________________________________________________    object?
The ship moved swiftly in the growing seas.
_____________________________________________________________

The old sailor cleaned the marlin.
_____________________________________________________________

She suddenly saw him.
_____________________________________________________________

Yes, the fleet gave the crew a scare.
_____________________________________________________________
   So, what if there is no
   action verb? What if the
    verb is a linking verb,                      If the verb is LINKING, you
                                                         might have a subject
     like is or was? When a
                                                        complement. A subject
    linking verb makes an
                                                  complement is a noun or subject
   equation, and says that                            pronoun or adjective that is
   the subject IS something,                      linked to the subject by a linking
    we call that a subject                           verb, and that completes our
          complement.                                  knowledge of the subject.
      The ship was a freighter.
                                                Roberto is the captain of the red
    adj.    n.      v.     adj.     n.
           subj.   pred.          subj. comp.
                                                             tugboat.
A complement is not a compliment.
                                                         Roberto is he.
Compliment: saying something nice
 to someone                                                He is old.

Complement: to complete
Parts of a Sentence
                       indirect    direct
           action       object     object
Subject   predicate
           linking


                       subject
                      complement




                       Martin      coffee.
            gave
Roberto
             is
                       captain.
The ship was a refitted freighter.
_________________________________________________________
                                                            Label all
                                                              parts of
                                                              speech
If you see the captain, I am he.
_________________________________________________________

Why, the admiral gave Lopez the orders.
                                                              and all
_________________________________________________________     parts of
Johnson waved at him and me on the dock.                        the
                                                             sentence
_________________________________________________________

Well, she and I saw her and him at the marina.
_________________________________________________________

				
DOCUMENT INFO
Shared By:
Categories:
Tags:
Stats:
views:4
posted:10/9/2011
language:English
pages:71