Cooking

Document Sample
Cooking Powered By Docstoc
					COOKING



          Cooking
(teacher)
Sample question:
 “What is the most difficult part of cooking for you
  and your family?”

Possible responses:
 • “Cooking takes too long and I always end up
    with a messy kitchen.”

 • “I wish I were a better cook so I wouldn’t waste
   so much food.”
                                                      3 gnikooC




 • “What do I have to cook for dinner?”




                                                      Cooking 2
Cooking 3
(teacher)
Sample question: “There are certain kitchen tools               Kitchen Tools
that make cooking easier. Name one kitchen tool             Measuring cup      Colander
                                                            Cookie sheet       Pot holder
you use frequently for cooking?”                            Rolling pin        Roasting pan
                                                            Potato masher      Cooling rack
                                                            Measuring spoons   Spatula
Share with participants: “Look at the list of kitchen       Mixing bowls       Soup ladle
                                                            Cutting board      Biscuit/cookie cutters
tools. If you don’t have all the tools you need, you        Pie pan            Round cake pan
can find kitchen tools at garage sales and second-
hand stores. You can also find substitutes for many
of them.”
Kitchen Tools            Substitutes                Kitchen Tools                 Substitutes
Measuring cup            marked jar or baby         Pie pan                flat cake pan
bottle                                              Round cake pan         square or oblong pan
Colander                  pan with lid              Soup ladle             cup with handle
Cookie sheet              bottom side of cake       Pot holder              folded towel
pans                                                Spatula                two knives
Rolling pin               smooth bottle or          Cooling rack            oven rack
glass                                               Biscuit/cookie cutters lids, rims of jars and
Potato masher             two forks                                         glasses
Mixing bowls              deep kettle or pan        Roasting pan            any pan/skillet that
Cutting board             sturdy plate                                      can be used in the
Measuring spoons          regular teaspoon                                                              Cooking 4
           Kitchen Tools
Measuring cup            Colander
Cookie sheet             Pot holder
Rolling pin              Roasting pan
Potato masher            Cooling rack
Measuring spoons         Spatula
Mixing bowls             Soup ladle
Cutting board            Pie pan
Round cake pan
Biscuit/cookie cutters                  Cooking 5
 (teacher)                                               Measuring Tools
Sample question:
“Preparing meals where measuring, mixing and
  cooking food requires cooking skills. Can you
  name a cooking skill?”



One of the most useful skills a successful cook should
have is measuring ingredients.                                             Cooking 7
 • One key item is using the correct measuring tool.

 •   Different measuring tools are used to measure
     liquid and dry ingredients.



Note for teacher:
Bring examples of liquid and dry measuring cups and
measuring spoons. If the client doesn’t have
measuring cups, show him/her how to make his/her
own using glass jars. Demonstrate how to use each.
                                                                           Cooking 6
Measuring Tools




                  Cooking 7
(teacher)
Sample question:                                          Liquid Measuring Cup
“Why is it important to use a liquid measuring cup
  to measure liquids like water, oil, milk, and juice?”

 • Use a liquid measuring cup to measure liquids
   like water, salad oil, milk, and juice.

 • Liquid measuring cups have space at the top
   of the cup to prevent spills.                                                 Cooking 9



 • Clear glass or plastic measuring cups lets you
   check the level of the liquid in the cup to make
   sure the correct amount of liquid is measured.

 •   When measuring, make sure the measuring cup
     is on a flat and level surface.




                                                                                 Cooking 8
Liquid Measuring Cup




                       Cooking 9
(teacher)
                                                    Dry Measuring Cup
Sample question:
 “Why is it more accurate to measure dry
   ingredients with a dry measuring cup?”

A dry measuring cup measures to the very top of
the cup that can be accurately leveled off with a
utensil that has a level blade.

 • Use a dry measuring cup to measure dry                               Cooking 11
   ingredients like flour, dry milk, cornmeal,
   and solid shortening.

 • Dry measuring cups are designed to measure
   to the very top of the cups.

 • Spoon dry ingredients into the measuring cup.
   Level off ingredients with the flat side of the
   knife or spatula to give an accurate
   measurement.


                                                                        Cooking 10
Dry Measuring Cup




                    Cooking 11
(teacher)
Sample question:                                    Measuring Spoons
“What do you use when you are measuring tiny
  amounts of ingredients?”

 • Measuring spoons measures small amounts
   of ingredients.

 • Measuring spoons come in at least four sizes –
   1/4 teaspoon, 1/2 teaspoon, 1 teaspoon,                             Cooking 13

   and 1 Tablespoon.

 • Use measuring spoons for measuring either
   dry or liquid ingredients.

 • When measuring dry ingredients, spoon the
   ingredient to top of the spoon and level with
   a knife or spatula.




                                                                         Cooking 12
Measuring Spoons




                   Cooking 13
(teacher)
                                                       Steps to Success
Share with participants:
                                                     When Following a Recipe
 “Recipes are an important tool in the kitchen.
  They give directions for preparing new foods for
  meals and snacks. Following a recipe is easy if
  you follow four simple steps.”



                                                                          Cooking 15




                                                                          Cooking 14
   Steps to Success
When Following a Recipe




                          Cooking 15
(teacher)                                                                 Following a Recipe
Share with participants:
                                                           Step 1 Read the recipe.
 “Being organized and having a plan are the key                   Make sure you have everything you need.

  to cooking.”                                             Step 2 Clear and clean a work space in your kitchen.

                                                           Step 3 Collect all the ingredients and cooking utensils
FIRST                                                             listed in the recipe. Preheat oven if needed.

Read the recipe.                                           Step 4 Follow the steps of the recipe.
 • Check to see if you have all the ingredients listed,
   the kitchen equipment needed, and enough time to
   prepare the recipe.
                                                                                                              Cooking 17
 • If you have everything you need, wash your hands
   and get to work.
                                                          FOURTH
SECOND                                                    Follow the steps of the recipe.
Clean a work space in your kitchen so you have a clean,
uncluttered area to work.

THIRD
Collect all the ingredients listed in the recipe.
 • Put all the tools and equipment you need on
   the kitchen counter.
 • Preheat oven if needed.
                                                                                                              Cooking 16
         Steps to Success
Step 1 Read the recipe.
       Make sure you have everything you need.

Step 2 Clear and clean a work space in your kitchen.

Step 3 Collect all the ingredients and cooking utensils
       listed in the recipe. Preheat oven if needed.

Step 4 Follow the steps of the recipe.



                                                          Cooking 17
(teacher)
Sample question:
“The measured amounts of ingredients in a recipe
  may be written in an abbreviated (shortened) form.   Tablespoon   =   TBSP., Tbsp. or T.
  What are some abbreviations you have not seen?”
                                                       Teaspoon     =   TSP., tsp. or t.
Recipes use abbreviations for some ingredient          Cup          =   C.
measurements. Here are some abbreviations that you
will probably find in the recipes you use.              Ounce        =   OZ. or oz.

                                                       Pound        =   LB. or lb.
 Tablespoon     = TBSP., Tbsp. or T.                                                       Cooking 19



 Teaspoon       = TSP., tsp. or t.

 Cup            = C. or c.

 Ounce          = OZ. or oz.

 Pound          = LB. or lb.



                                                                                             Cooking 18
Tablespoon   = TBSP., Tbsp. or T.

Teaspoon     = TSP., tsp. or t.

Cup          = C.

Ounce        = OZ. or oz.

Pound        =   LB. or lb.
                                    Cooking 19
  teacher)                                                                   Oatmeal Cookies
  Share with participants:                                                      (Makes 4 dozen cookies) [number of servings]

   “Here is a sample recipe. You will notice there           [list of ingredients]                   [cooking instructions]

    is a list of ingredients, cooking directions and       3/4
                                                           1/2
                                                                 cup margarine
                                                                 cup brown sugar
                                                                                                 1. Preheat oven to 350 degrees.
                                                                                                 2. Cream margarine and sugar.
    how much the recipe makes.”                            1/2
                                                            2
                                                                 cup granulated sugar
                                                                 egg whites or 1 whole egg
                                                                                                 3. Add egg, water, and vanilla.
                                                                                                    Beat mixture until creamy.
                                                           1/4   cup water                       4. Mix flour and baking soda together.
                                                            1    teaspoon vanilla                   Beat into liquid mixture. Stir in
                                                           1/2   cup all-purpose flour               raisins and rolled oats.
                                                           1/2   teaspoon baking soda            5. Drop cookie dough by teaspoonfuls
                                                            3    cups raisins                       onto ungreased cookie sheet.
                                                            4    cups rolled oats                6. Bake in oven about 12 to 15 minutes.

                                                                                                                         Cooking 21



                  Oatmeal Cookies                      (Makes 4 dozen cookies)

3/4   cup margarine                            1. Preheat oven to 350 degrees.
1/2   cup brown sugar                           2. Cream margarine and sugar.
1/2   cup granulated sugar                     3. Add egg, water, and vanilla.
 2    egg whites or 1 whole egg                    Beat mixture until creamy.
1/4   cup water                                 4. Mix flour and baking soda together. Beat into
 1    teaspoon vanilla                             liquid mixture. Stir in raisins and rolled oats.
1/2   cup all-purpose flour                     5. Drop cookie dough by teaspoonfuls onto
1/2   teaspoon baking soda                         ungreased cookie sheet.
 3    cups raisins                             6. Bake in oven about 12 to 15 minutes.
 4    cups rolled oats                                                                                                    Cooking 20
                         Oatmeal Cookies
                        (Makes 4 dozen cookies)     [ number of servings]

      [ list of ingredients]                           [ cooking instructions]

3/4    cup margarine                              1. Preheat oven to 350 degrees.
1/2    cup brown sugar                             2. Cream margarine and sugar.
1/2    cup granulated sugar                       3. Add egg, water, and vanilla.
 2     egg whites or 1 whole egg                      Beat mixture until creamy.
1/4    cup water                                   4. Mix flour and baking soda together. Beat into
 1     teaspoon vanilla                               liquid mixture. Stir in raisins and rolled oats.
1/2    cup all-purpose flour                       5. Drop cookie dough by teaspoonfuls onto
1/2    teaspoon baking soda                           ungreased cookie sheet.
 3     cups raisins                               6. Bake in oven about 12 to 15 minutes.
 4     cups rolled oats




                                                                                                  Cooking 21
(teacher)                                                      Equipment List
Share with participants:                                  List of equipment needed for the recipe.
 “Let’s look to see what equipment will you need to
                                                         Oven
  make this recipe.”                                     measuring spoons
                                                         mixing spoon
                                                         liquid measuring cup
”If you do not have all the equipment what could         cookie sheet
                                                         dry measuring cup
 you use instead?                                        spatula
                                                         mixing bowls
                                                         pot holder
 •   Oven                                                mixer

 •   measuring spoons                                                                                Cooking 23
 •   mixing spoon
 •   liquid measuring cup
 •   cookie sheet                                     Questions to ask before starting to prepare
                                                      the recipe:
 •   dry measuring cup
 •   spatula                                          “If you do not have all the equipment what
 •   mixing bowls                                     could you
 •   pot holder                                        use instead?”
 •   mixer
                                                      “How long do you think it will take to make
                                                      this recipe?”



                                                                                                     Cooking 22
  Equipment List
     List of equipment needed for the recipe.
Oven
measuring spoons
mixing spoon
liquid measuring cup
cookie sheet
dry measuring cup
spatula
mixing bowls
pot holder
mixer
                                                Cooking 23
(teacher)                                                                  Cutting Terms
Share with participants:
“Recipes use cooking terms that describe how              Chop – to cut into small pieces

  a food should be prepared.”                             Grate – to rub food against a grater to divide into small pieces

                                                          Slice – to cut into thin, flat pieces




                                                                                                                      Cooking 25




Here are terms that describe how to cut ingredients: (demonstrate these terms)

Chop    – to cut into small pieces

Grate   – to rub food against a grater to divide into small pieces

Slice   – to cut into thin, flat pieces

                                                                                                                    Cooking 24
           Cutting Terms
Chop – to cut into small pieces

Grate – to rub food against a grater to divide into
        small pieces

Slice – to cut into thin, flat pieces




                                                      Cooking 25
(teacher)                                                                    Mixing Terms
Share with participants:
                                                            Cream    - to work one or more foods until soft and creamy
“There are different terms used to describe how
                                                            Cut in   - to work fat into dry ingredients with a pastry blender or
  to mix ingredients in a recipe.”                                     two knives with the least amount of blending

                                                            Fold     - to turn over and over by sliding tool across bottom of
                                                                       mixing bowl at each turn

                                                            Knead    - to mix using a pressing motion and also folding
                                                                        and stretching

   (demonstrate these terms)                                Stir     - to mix in a circular motion
                                                                                                              Cooking 27
                                                            Whip     - to beat rapidly to add air


Cream    - to work one or more foods together until soft and creamy

Cut in    - to work fat into dry ingredients with a pastry blender or two knives with the least
             amount of blending

Fold     - to turn over and over by sliding tool across bottom of mixing bowl at each turn

Knead    - to mix using a pressing motion and also folding and stretching

Stir     - to mix in a circular motion

Whip     - to beat rapidly to add air                                                                                Cooking 26
                   Mixing Terms
Cream - to work one or more foods together until soft and creamy

Cut in   - to work fat into dry ingredients with a pastry blender
          or two knives with the least amount of blending

Fold     - to turn over and over by sliding tool across bottom
           of mixing bowl at each turn

Knead - to mix using a pressing motion and also folding
        and stretching

Stir     - to mix in a circular motion

Whip     - to beat rapidly to add air                               Cooking 27
(teacher)                                                                 Cooking Terms
Share with participants:                                Braise - to brown meat in a small amount of fat, then
                                                                 cook slowly in a covered skillet/pot with a
 “There are different terms used in a recipe                      small amount of liquid
  to describe how to cook food.”                        Broil    - to cook directly over or under heat

                                                        Roast   - to bake in the oven

                                                        Sauté    - to cook in a small amount of fat

                                                        Simmer - to cook in liquid below the boiling point so bubbles
                                                                 form slowly and break just below the surface

                                                        Steam    - to cook in steam in a covered container              Cooking 29


Braise   - to brown meat in a small amount of fat,
           then cook slowly in a covered skillet/pot with a small amount of liquid

Broil    - to cook directly over or under heat

Roast    - to bake in the oven

Sauté    - to cook in a small amount of fat

Simmer - to cook in liquid below the boiling point so bubbles form slowly and break
         just below the surface

Steam     - to cook in steam in a covered container                                                                     Cooking 28
                         Cooking Terms
Braise   - to brown meat in a small amount of fat, then
           cook slowly in a covered skillet/pot with a
            small amount of liquid

Broil    - to cook directly over or under heat

Roast    - to bake in the oven

Sauté    - to cook in a small amount of fat

Simmer - to cook in liquid below the boiling point so bubbles form slowly
         and break just below the surface

Steam     - to cook in steam in a covered container
                                                                    Cooking 29
(teacher)                                                             Children’s Cooking Skills Develop Over Time
Sample question: “What kinds of things do your
children do to help with cooking?”                                     TWO-YEAR-OLDS
                                                                       (big arm muscles)
                                                                                                              FOUR-YEAR-OLDS
                                                                                                              (small muscles/fingers)
                                                                        • Clean vegetables                     • Use fingers to peel.
                                                                          with brushes.                        • Roll and flatten food.
• When you include your children in kitchen activities, you help        • Clean tables.                        • Crack eggs with blunt
                                                                        • Tear, break, and
  them develop skills that will help them become independent              snap foods
                                                                                                                 table knife.
                                                                                                               • Mash foods.
                                                                        • Dip foods into dips.
  and build self-esteem.                                                                                      FIVE-YEAR-OLDS
• Children are more willing to try new foods if they have helped       THREE-YEAR-OLDS
                                                                       (medium muscles/hands)
                                                                                                              (fine coordination)
                                                                                                               • Measure ingredients.
   prepare them.                                                        • Wrap foil and dough around food.     • Cut soft foods.
                                                                        • Press dough into baking pan.         • Turn a grinder.
• The key to successful cooking with children is giving them jobs       • Pour from small plastic pitchers.    • Grate food.
                                                                        • Mix with hands or a wooden
   that they are able to complete. This will depend upon the age          spoon.
                                                                                                               • Beat with an egg beater

                                                                        • Shake small jars of food.
   of the child.                                                        • Spread foods.
                                                                                                                                           Cooking 31


  Children’s cooking skills develop over time
  TWO-YEAR-OLDS                                                FOUR-YEAR-OLDS
  (big arm muscles)                                            (small muscles/fingers)
   • Clean vegetables with brushes.                             • Use fingers to peel.
   • Clean tables.                                              • Roll and flatten food.
   • Tear, break, and snap foods.                               • Crack eggs with blunt table knife.
   • Dip foods into dips.                                       • Mash foods.

  THREE-YEAR-OLDS                                              FIVE-YEAR-OLDS
  (medium muscles/hands)                                       (fine coordination)
   • Wrap foil and dough around food.                           • Measure ingredients.
   • Press dough into baking pan.                               • Cut soft foods.
   • Pour from small plastic pitchers.                          • Turn a grinder.
   • Mix with hands or a wooden spoon.                          • Grate food.
   • Shake small jars of food.                                  • Beat with an egg beater.
   • Spread foods.                                                                                                                         Cooking 30
Children’s Cooking Skills Develop Over Time

TWO-YEAR-OLDS
(big arm muscles)                      FOUR-YEAR-OLDS
 • Clean vegetables with               (small muscles/fingers)
   brushes.                             • Use fingers to peel.
 • Clean tables.                        • Roll and flatten food.
 • Tear, break, and snap foods.         • Crack eggs with blunt
 • Dip foods into dips.                   table knife.
                                        • Mash foods.
THREE-YEAR-OLDS
(medium muscles/hands)                 FIVE-YEAR-OLDS
 • Wrap foil and dough around food.    (fine coordination)
 • Press dough into baking pan.         • Measure ingredients.
 • Pour from small plastic pitchers.    • Cut soft foods.
 • Mix with hands or a wooden           • Turn a grinder.
   spoon.                               • Grate food.
 • Shake small jars of food.            • Beat with an egg beater.
 • Spread foods.                                                     Cooking 31
(teacher)
Sample question:
“What are convenience foods?”

 • Convenience foods are often more expensive than
   making your own foods from scratch.

 • One way to save money is to make your own mixes.
   Mix the dry ingredients together and store them in a
   clean, airtight container.                               Cooking 33


 • There are recipes for many types of homemade
   mixes including salad dressing, baked products,
   seasonings, sauces, and soups.

 • Check your lesson handout for recipes for homemade
   mixes that will save you money, make cooking easier,
   and help stretch your food resources to last the whole
   month.



                                                            Cooking 32
Cooking 33

				
DOCUMENT INFO
Shared By:
Categories:
Tags:
Stats:
views:17
posted:10/9/2011
language:English
pages:33