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					( AUSTIN)
  A40 MODELS
                         THE
               AUSTIN
                        MODELS


                 RUNNING AND
                 MAINTENANCE




THE AUSTIN MOTQR COMPANY    THE AUSTIN MOTOR COMPAN'
       LTD. (ENGLAND)              (CANADA) LTD.
   27-29 WEST 57th STREET        1393 YONGE STREET
      NEW YORK 19, N.Y.         TORONTO, ONTARIO

            U .S. CENTRAL PARTS DIVISION
     27-29 WEST 57th STREET, NEW YORK 19, N.Y.

'UBLICATION NO. Al881                          JUNE 1952
T H E AUSTIN 'A40' MAINTENANCE INSTRUCTIONS




                 INTRODUCTION
T H l S owners' handbook gives the running instructions
   necessary to ensure satisfactory operation of the 'A40'
Somerset Sedan, Sports Convertible, Countryman, 3-ton
Pick-Up and Panel Delivery.

  It does not include major maintenance attentions, which
should be entrusted to the local Austin dealer, who will use
only genuine Austin parts as replacements.

  The importance of correct lubrication at regular intervals
cannot be over emphasised, and the owner's attention is
particularly directed to this section of maintenance in the
handbook.

  The owner should bear in mind that the warmnty does not
cover any failure due to inadequate maintenance, nor is it
extended or varied in any way by the following
recommendations.

   The Austin Motor Co. Ltd. accept no liability under the
terms of their Warranty for equipment not of their own
manufacture.

   Al1 claims relating to any of these ancillary parts or fittings
o r orders for repairs to them should be addressed to their
manufacturers. You local dealer will supply you on request
with the names and addresses of al1 equipment manufactu-
rers' depots.

   When claims under warranty are being made, it is abso-
lutely essential to quote the type and number of vehicle
(which will be found on a plate attached to the right side sun
visor), and the commissioning date.
               THE AUSTIN 'A40' MAINTENANCE INSTRUCTIONS



                             SERVICE FACILITIES
T H E following are the official addresses of the Austin Motor Company Limited in
  U.S.A. and Canada, to whom al1 Service correspondence in those areas should be
addressed.

             I n U.S.A.:
                           AUSTIN MOTOR CO. LTD. (ENGLAND),
                                        Austin House,
                                   27-29 West 57th Street,
                                     New York 19, N.Y.
                                Cables: Austinmoto, Newyork.

                           AUSTIN MOTOR CO. LTD. (ENGLAND),
                                      9126, Sunset Boulevard,
                                          Hollywood 46.
                                            California,
                                              U.S.A.
                            Cables: Austin Motor Co. Ltd., Hollywood.



             I n Canada:
                           AUSTIN MOTOR CO. (CANADA) LTD.,
                                  Kenilworth Avenue N,,
                                         Hamilton,
                                        Ontario, Canada.
                                Cables: Austinette, Hamilton.

                            AUSTIN MOTOR CO. (CANADA) LTD.,
                               Central Canada Service Division,
                                   290-292, Princess Street,
                                    Winnipeg, Manitoba,
                                           Canada.
                                 Cables: Austinette, Winnipeg.

                            AUSTIN MOTOR CO. (CANADA) LTD.,
                              Western Canada Parts Division,
                  -"   878, Cambie Street, Vancouver 3, B.C., Canada.
                               Cohles: Austinette. Vancouver.

     In al1 instances the enquirer is asked, first of nll, to contact his nearest appointed
Austin Dealer before writing to one of the above addresses. The Service Depnrtments
of those Dealers will offer al1 the help and information at their disposal.
                                              3
             T H E AUSTIN 'A40' MAINTENANCE INSTRUCTIONS



                             CONTENTS
                                                                Pages
BRAKES            ..    ..     ..    ..      ..   ..       ..    31. 32

BREAKTNG-IN T H E NEW VEHICLE        ..      ..   ..       ..    15

BODYWORK          ..    ..     ..    ..      ..   ..       ..    38. 39

COOLING SYSTEM          ..     ..    ..      ..   ..       ..    28

DRIVING . .       ..    ..     ..    ..      ..   ..       ..    16

ELECTRICAL EQUIPMENT           ..    ..      ..   ..       ..    35. 38

ENGINE LUBRICATION             ..    ..      ..   ..       ..    24. 28

FUEL SYSTEM       ..    ..     ..    ..      ..   ..       ..    34

GENERAL INFORMATION            ..    ..      ..   ..       ..     9. 10

GENERAL MAINTENANCE            ..    ..      ..   ..       ..    24

HEATING A N D DEMISTING        ..    ..      ..   ..       ..    29. 30

INSTRUMENTS A N D CONTROLS           ..      ..   ..       ..    11-13

INTRODUCTION . .        ..     ..    ..      ..   ..       ..     2

JACKING           ..    ..     ..    ..      ..   ..       ..    33. 34

LUBRICATION CHART       ..     ..    ..      ..   ..       ..    26. 27

OIL G U N         ..    ..     ..    ..      ..   ..       ..    39

RECOMMENDED LUBRICANTS . .           ..      ..   ..       ..    25

REGULAR ATTENTIONS             ..    .   .   ..   ..       ..    17-20

SERVICE ATTENTIONS      ..     ..    ..      ..   ..       ..    20-23

SERVICE FACILITIES      ..     ..    ..      ..   ..       ..     3

STARTING          ..    ..     ..    ..      ..   ..       ..    14. 15

TIRES       ..    ..    ..     ..    ..      ..   ..       ..    32

WIRINGDIAGRAMS          ..
               THE AUSTIN 'A40' MAINTENANCE TNSTRUCTTONS



                       GENERAL INFORMATlON
   GENERAL DIMENSIONS : Sedan :                    COOLING SYSTEM: Circulation-
Overall length-1598 ins. Overall width-           Centrifugal pump and fan. Temperature
63 ins. Overall height-64    ins. Wheel-          control-Thermostat. Normal operating
base-92:    ins. Track (front)-483 ins.           temperature-164°F.  Capacity-15 U.S.
Track (rear)-50 ins. Ground Clearance             pints (124 Imp.).
-64 ins. Turning Circle-37 ft. Approx.               IGNITION: Type-Lucas        12 volt.
weight-2,184 lbs.                                 Coil-Lucas,    type Q.12. Distributor-
   Panel Delivery and Countrymaii: Over-          Lucas, type DM2. lgnition breaker gap
al1 length-159% ins. Overall width-               ,014-.O16     in. Timing-114 mark on
64: ins. Overall height-734 ins. Wheel-           flywheel. Spark plugs-Champion N.8.B.
base-928    ins. Track ( f r o n t ) 4 9 ; ins.   Long Reach. Plug gap-.0l8-in.
Track (real)-502 ins. Ground Clearance               CLUTCH: Type-Borg            and Deck
-62 ins. Turning Circle-38 ft. Body               single dry plate. Diameter-7$-ins. Pedal
capacity (Panel Delivery)-116           cu. ft.   free movement-2 in.
Load capacity-1,120        lbs. Unladen
weight (Panel De1ivery)-2,016 lbs. Un-               TR ANSMISSION:           Tyre- Qspeed
laden weight (Countryman)-2,128 lbs.              synchromesh (on 2nd, 3rd, and high)
                                                  ivith steering colurnn mounted gear shift
  Piclc-Up: Overall length-158      iris.         lever. Gear ratios-Low 3.89 t o 1; 2nd.
Overall width-64+ ins. Overall height-            2.44 to 1; 3rd. 1.54 to 1; high 1 to 1 ;
662 ins. Load capacity-1,120 lbs. Un-             reverse 5.39 to 1. Oil capacity-3.6 U.S.
laden weight-2,034 lbs.                           pints ( 3 Imp.).
  Chassis dimensions as Panel Delivery
and Countryman.                                      PROPELLER SHAFT-Type-Hardy
                                                  Spicer open shaft with needle roller
   ENGINE: No. of c y l i n d e r s 4 . Bore-     bearing universal joints.
2.578 ins. Stroke-3.5 ins. Cubic capacity            REAR AXLE : Type-Spiral            bevel
-73.17 cu. in. l3.P.-42 at 4,600 r.p.m.           three-quarter floating. Oil capacity
Max toque-58 lbs. ft. at 2,200 r.p.m.             2.7 U.S. pints (22 Imp.). Overall gear
Cornpression ratio-7.2       to 1. Firing         ratios (Sedan)-Low 20.54 to 1; 2nd.
order-1-3-4-2-. Engine no.-Located on             12.88 to 1; 3rd. 8.13 to 1; high 5.28 to 1;
right side of cylinder block, adjacent to         reverse 28.46 to 1. Overall gear ratios
cylinder head.                                    (Commercial Vehic1es)-Low         23.89 to
  VALVES: Type- Tn-head, push-rod                  1; 2nd. 14.95 to 1; 3rd. 9.43 to 1; high
operated. Timing-lnlet opens S0B.T.D.C.,          6.14 to 1; reverse 33.09 to 1.
closes 45" A.B.D.C.; exhaust opens                   STEERING: Type-Special Cam Gear
40" B.B.D.C., closes 10" A.T.D.C. Inlet            with 14 to 1 ratio. Adjustment-Screw
and exhaust clexances (hot or co1d)-               and shim.
,015 in.                                              SUSPENSION: Front: Type-Inde-
   LUBRICATION: Pump-Gear type.                    pendent by coi1 springs and wishbones.
Pressure ( h o t t 4 0 - 4 5 lbs. per sq. in.      Castor angle-2%". Camber angle-lo.
Filter-By-pass       type. Sump capacity-          Knuckle pin inclination-63".        Track
8.4 U.S. pints (7 Imp.).                           toe-in-1116th to +th-in.
                                                    Rear: Type-Semi-elliptic     underslung
   CARBURETOR: Type-Zenith down-                  reverse camber leaf springs.
draft, model no. 30 V1G-8. Choke tube-
25. Main jet-90.  Compensating jet-65.               SHOCK ABSORBERS: Type-Arms-
Slow running jet-50.       Needle and             strong double-acting hydraulic piston.
seating-1.5. Pump jet-50.
                                                    BRAKES: Foot Brakc: T y p e G i r l i n g
  FUEL SYSTEM: Pump-A.C. Sphinx                   Hydraulic with two leading shoes on
mechanical, type 'T'. Tank capacity-              front wheels. Drum diameter-9         ins.
10.5 U.S. gallons (89 Imp.).                      Pedal free rnovement-3 in.
              THE AUSTIN 'A40' MAINTENANCE INSTRUCTIONS
  Handbrake: Type-Pisto1 grip operat-               CHASSIS FRAME: Type-Welded
ing mechanically on rear wheels.                 pressed steel with full length box section
                                                 side, front and rear cross members,
  WHEELS: Sedan: Type-16               x 3.50    stiffened by cross bracing. Chassis no.-
pressed steel disc.                              Located on the frame adjacent to the
  Commercial Vehicles: Type-17         x 3.25    engine front mounting bracket on the
pressed steel disc.                              side opposite to the steering gear.
                                                    ELECTRICAL EQUIPMENT : Type
  TIRES: Sedan: Type-Dunlop 5.25-                -Lucas      12 Volt. Battery-Lucas
16 Extra Low Pressure. Pressures-                G.T.W.7A. Capacity-38 amps. hrs. at
24 lbs. per sq. in. front; 26 lbs. per sq. in.   10 hr. rate. Alternative Heavy Duty
rear.                                            Battery-Lucas     G.T.W.9A. Capacity-
  Commercial Vehicles: Type-Dunlop               51 arnp. hrs. at 10 hr. rate. Generator-
5.00-17. Pressures-24 lbs. per sq. in.           Lucas type C39PV/2. Starter Motor-
front; 36 lbs. per sq. in. rear.                 Lucas type M35G. Cutout and Regulator
                                                 -Lucas type RB106. Fuse unit-Lucas,
   JACKING SYSTEM: Sedan: Type-                  type SP6. Horns-Lucas Windtone, type
Stevenson, operated by wheelbrace from           WT614. Direction Signals-Lucas, type
inside car.                                      SF80. Windshield wipers-Lucas        type
   Commercial Vehicles: Type-Screw               CRT. Heating and Ventilating Systern-
jack to individual wheels.                                :
                                                 Srniths 3 K.W. 'Series 111'.
                 THE AUSTIN 'A40' MAINTENANCE INSTRUCTIONS



                  INSTRUMENTS AND CONTROLS




            Ex      J      K L M N O P Q ñ Z                                               H40. 248. A.

                                       T H E SEDAN INSTRUMENT PANEL
             eaupe.
    A -Fz<el , .,
    ~-   -   ,                                                   eauee.
                                           G-Water tem heratiwe c~ ,,    N-Ienilion and liehfine swilch.
                                                                                          "     >
                                                                                                ,
    B-A mmeter.                            H-Choke control.              O-Healer motor switch.
    C-Hi-beam u,arr~ing       light.      J-- Wzndshield wiper control.  P-Speedomeler t r i p conlrol.
    D-Speedomeier.                         K--Exlra air control.         Q-Panel lighl switch.
    E -Igmlzon i ! ~ a r n i n ~
                              lighl.       L- Air control.               R-Slarter canirol.
    1;-011 pressure gauge.                 M-Uemisler/defroster conlrol.




                     T H E COMMERCIAL V E H I C L E INS'I'RUMENT P A N E L
    A-Chúke control.              E-011 pressure ~ a r n i n l q h l . I-Hi-beam warning lrghl.
                                                             r
    B-Wcndshield wzper switch.    F-Fue1 gauge.                        J-Water temperature gauge
    C-Ignition and Lighls switch. G-Mibage recorder.                   K-Panel lighl swilch.
    D-Speeriumeler.               H-Ignilion  warning lighl.           L-Slarler control.



              INSTRUMENTS                                      Oil Pressure Gauge (Sedan only):
                                                              Indicates the oil pressure in the engine. I t
   Swedometer: Registers the vehicle                          does not show the quantity of oil in the
sp&d and total rnileage. The trip figures                     pan.
at the top of the speedorneter can be set                        Oil Pressure Warning Light (Cornrner-
t o zero by pushing in the spring-loaded                      cial Vehicles only): Glows red when the
knob on the right-hand side of the heater                     ignition is switched on and fades out
control panel, and turning it in an anti-                     after the engine has been started. Low
clockwise direction.                                          oil presslire or insufficient oil in the pan
                                                         II
             T H E AUSTIN 'A40' MAINTENANCE INSTRUCTIONS
is indicated by a red glow when the engine              water circulating in the radiator. The
is running.                                             correct operating temperature under
                                                        normal conditions should not be below
   Ammeter (Sedan only): With the                       164°F.
automatic voltage control system little
o r no charge is shown when the battery                             FOOT CONTROLS
is well charged.
                                                           Accelerator: The right pedal.
  Ignition Warning Light: Glows, red                       Brake: The center pedal which operates
when the ignition is switched 'on and
                                                        the brakes on al1 four wheels.
fades out when the generator starts
charging the battery.                                      Clutch: The left pedal. There is a small
                                                        amount of free play before disengage-
  Hi-Beam Warning Light: A red glow                     ment of the clutch is felt. Press right in
appears when the headlights are switched                to the floor for full operation.
on, with the two beams high. The light                     Dimmer Switch: If the headlights are
goes out when the headlights are                        on high, a touch on the foot dimmer
dimmed.                                                  switch alters the lights to the 'dimmed
  Fuel Gauge: Indicates the contents of                  position and they remain so until another
the tank when the ignition switch is on.                 touch returns then to high.
When the tank is being filled, switch off
and stop the engine. Switch on again and                            HAND CONTROLS
the needle will record the leve1 of fue1                   Hand Brake: Pisto1 grip type, situated
in the tank.
                                                        under the fascia panel, and fixed to the
  Water Temperature Gauge: This                         left side of the steerinp column. Operates
records the temperature of the cooling                  mechanically on the rear wheels only.




                                           D R I V I N G CONTROLS
          A--Horn b u f l o n .             1)-Gear shift 1et'e~.        G--Clufrh pedal.
          B-I>irectzon s i n a l swilrh.    E-Handbrake.                H-Hrake Qerial.
          C-Uefvosling ;'tnts.              F-Dimmrr    suitcli.        /-A ccelerulor Qedal
                 THE AUSTIN 'A40' MAINTENANCE INSTRUCTlONS
      Cear Shift Lever: Should always be in       further the control is turned the less will
    neutral when starting the engine. The         be the speed of the fan, due to the fact
    lever is mounted on the right side of the     that a rheostat is incorporated.
    steering column. T o engage a gear,              Windshield Wipers: T o start the electric
,   depress the clutch and move the lever to
    the required position as described on         wipers pul1 out the wipers control. To
                                                  park, switch off by pressing the control
    page 15.                                      inwards when the arms are at the end
       Choke Control: For use when starting       of the stroke. D o not try to push the
    the engine from cold. Pull out to the         arms across the windshield by hand.
    h i t until the engine fires, and return it      In the case of the Commercial Vehicles
    to the half-way position for rapid            the wipers are controlled by a rotary
    warming up. The choke must be fully           switch situated at the top left-hand side
    released at the earliest posible moment.      of the instrument panel.
      lgnition Switch: Turn the key clockwise        Panel Light Switch: Pull out the switch
    to switch on. D o not leave the switch        control knob to illuminate the instru-
    'on' when the vehicle is stationary-the       ments. Only pperates when the parking
    red warning light is a reminder. The          lights are 'on .
    ignition key rnay also be used for locking       In the case of the Comrnercial Vehicles
    the driver's door and the luggage or load     the panel lights are controlled by a
    compartment.                                  rotary switch situated at the top right
                                                  side of the instrurnent panel.
      Lighting Switch: This is the moulding
    which surrounds the ignition switch.            Horn Button: Mounted at the center of
    Turn clockwise to the first notch to put      the steering wheel, and can be operated
    on the parking lights, and to the second      independently of the ignition switch.
    to put on the headlights. The headlights
    are dimmed by foot operation.                    Interior Light: Cornbined with a switch
                                                  in the roof.
       Starter Switch Knob: Pull out the
    control knob to start, and release as soon      Spare Wheel: Secured at the rear of the
    as the engine fires. lf the engine fails to   Sedan in the luggage cornpartment, and
    start after a few revolutions, d o not        under the load platform of the Com-
    operate the stiirter again until the engine   mercial Vehicles.
    is stationary.
                                                     Seating: Adjustable front seats in
       Direction Signals: The signals are con-    Sedan, single adjustable seat in Panel
    trolled from the center of the steering       Delivery and full width bench seat in
    wheel. Normally, after the vehicle has        Pick-up. The Countryman driver's seat
    turned a corner, they return automatic-       rniiy be adjusted and the front passenger
    ally, but when only a slight turn has been    seat hinges forward to give access to rear.
    made it may be necessary to return thern
    rnanually with the switch.                      Doors: The right side front door, the
                                                  luggage compartment of the Sedan and
      Heater and Defroster Controls (Sedan        the rear doors of the Countryman and
    only): These are situated centrally below     Panel Delivery may be locked with the
    the instrument panel and provide the          igition key. The other doors may be
    means for regulating the heating and          locked by lifting the incide door handle.
    demisting system. Full operating in-
    structions are given on page 29.                 An additional safety lock is fitted to the
                                                  rear door interior locking handles of the
       Extra Air Control (Sedan only): A          Sedan. This device is intended to prevent
    supply of cold air,entirely independent of    inadvertent opening of the doors, par-
    the heating system,can be admitted to the     ticularly by children, when the Sedan is
    car interior for ventilation purposes, by     in motion.
    pulling out the control located on the           T o lock the doors, turn the escutcheon
    left-hand side of the heater and control      in a clockwise direction on the left door
    panel.                                        handle and anticlockwise on the right
       Heater Control Switch (Comrnercial         door handle This can only be effected,
    Vehicles): Turn to the right until a click    however, when the handles are in the
    is heard. This starts the heater fan. The     unlocked position.
                      THE AUSTIN 'A40' MAINTENANCE INSTRUCTIONS
  Engine Oil Filler: Incorporated in                                        the handle formed by the 'Flying A'
the valve rocker cover. Bayonet fitting                                     Motif. This will have the effect of re-
cap, with anchor cable to prevent loss.                                     leasing the locking catch and it will then
                                                                            be possible to raise the hood an inch or
  Gasoline Filler: On left rear side of                                     so until held by a spring-loaded safety
body; bayonet type cap, with anchor                                         catch. lnsert the fingers and push back
cable to prevent loss.                                                      this safety catch, when the hood may be
                                                                            lifted right up. The hood is held open
  Radiator Cap: Screw type, incorporat-                                     by a stay clipped to its underside, and a
ing water and steam trap.                                                   small locating cup is provided in the
                                                                            radiator top tank to keep the stay secure
                                                                            when in use.
                                                                               The spring-loaded safety catch is
                                                                            designed to hold down the hood while
                                                                            driving in the event of the hood not
                                                                            having been properly locked. When
                                                                            closing the hood a slight pressure
                                                                             exerted downwards on the hood top
                                                                             will help the locking catch t o engage
                                                                             positively.
                                                                               Hood Catch (Commercial Vehicles):
                                                                            T o open the hood pull the control knob
                                                                            situated below the fascia panel, on the
                                                                            extreme right-hand side. The hood will
                                                                            rise an inch or so and will then be held by
                                                                            a spring-loaded safety catch, after which
                                                                            the procedure is exactly the same as that
              T H E SEDAN HOOD CATCH
                                                                            given for the Sedan.
 I n x r l t h e f i n g e r s tznd p u s h back l h e s a f e l y cnlch.      In the case of the 'A40 Sports Modrl
                                                                            the hood is held open by a sliding stay
 Hood Catch (Sedan onlv): T o oDen                                          which is bolted from the underside of the
the hood pul1 upwards and forwardson                                        hood to the bulkhead.




                                                               STARTING
B E F O R E starting the engine. See that the gear shift lever is in neutral and that the
  handbrake is applied. If the engine is cold pull out the choke control. D o not pump
the accelerator.
  Switch on the ignition and then pull          Before attempting to start the engine
the starter control firmly. Release it if       refill the carburetor by operating the
the engine fails to start promptly. Allow       priming lever on the fue1 pump, which is
a short interval between each attempt t o       located low down on the left side of the
start, and if the engine does not fire in a     engine.
reasonably short time look for the cause
of the trouble. Never pul1 the starter             The pumping action should be dis-
control unless the engine is stationary.        tinctly felt until the carburetor bowl is
   As soon as the engine starts, release        full. íf this pumping action cannot be
the starter and push in the choke control       felt, turn the engine with the starting
part way while the engine warms up.             crank about one full turn, whereupon
Release the choke cornpletely as soon as        the priming lever should be free to
the engine will run without it.                 PumP.
   When the vehicle has been out of use           Do not allow the engine to race when
for more than a month the gasoline in           first starting up, as time must be allowed
the carburetor rnay have evaporated.            for the oil to circulate properly. Let the
             T H E AUSTlN 'A40' MAlNTENANCE INSTRUCTIONS
engine idle fairly fast for a few minutes      to warm up quickly, but always un-
before moving off, and engage high gear        cover the radiator before driving off.
as soon as possible afterwards. Blanking       There is a thermostat to assist in rapid
off the radiator will assist the engine        warmingup.




          BREAKING-IN THE NEW VEHlCLE
T H E Austin 'A40' is designed and built with great care to high quality standards.
   For that reason the owner will find that considerate treatment during the all-important
breaking-in period will be well repaid by trouble free running and the utmost in per-
formance throughout its life.
  The following speeds should not be           avoided, and remember that the engine
ewceeded in the gears for the first 500        should never be raced in neutral.
miles.                                            On completion of the first 500 miles
                                               the breaking-in speed in each gear
   Low        2nd      3rd       High          may be progressively increased, but full
                                               power should not be used until at least
                                                1,500 miles have been covered, and even
                                               then only for short periods at a time.
   lt is most important to remember that       N o engine or complete vehicle can be
at no time during the breaking-in period       considered fully broken-in until it
must the engine be over-loaded, as iri         achieves 2-3,000 miles.
attempting to ascend grades in high gear          The use of upper cylinder lubricant is
at low vehicle speed. The load should be       recommended at al1 times, but most
eased by shifting down to a lower              particularly during the breaking-in
gear.                                          period. See centre pages for recom-
   Fierce acceleration must also be            mended brands.
             T H E AUSTIN 'A40' MAINTENANCE lNSTRUCTIONS




T H E transmission has four forward speeds and a reverse. Start only in low gear, which
   1s engaged by depressing the clutch pedal and moving the shift lever away from the
steering wheel and then upwards. Gradually release the clutch pedal, at the same time
gently depressing the accelerator and releasing the parking brake. The vehicle will move
forward, gathering speed in accordance with the amouct the accelerator is depressed.
   Second gear is engaged by depressing            Do not forget to release the choke
the clutch pedal, moving the shift lever        control as soon as possible after starting
straight downwards and then releasing           the engine.
the clutch pedal. Ease up on the accelera-         Do not leave the ignition switched on
tor whilst shifting to a higher gear, and       when the engine is stationary.
gradually depress the accelerator when             Do not leave the vehicle in gear with
the higher gear is engaged.                     the handbrake off.
   T o engage third gear, move the shift           Do not engage reverse gear when the
lever upwards into neutral, then towards        vehicle is moving forwards or fonvard
the sterring wheel, and finally upwards         gear when the vehicle is moving back-
again.                                          wards. Serious damage may result.
   Engage high gear by moving the lever            Do not 'ride the clutch' in traffic or on
straight downwards, parallel to the             an upgrade.
steering wheel.                                    Do not coast with a gear engaged and
   Down-shifting is an exact reversal of        the clutch pedal depressed.
the above procedure, except that the               Do not run the engine at high speeds
accelerator must be kept depressed whilst       for the first 500 miles.
 the gear is being shifted, in order to speed      Do not race the engine in neutral at
 up the engine in accordance with the           any time.
 lower gear.                                       Do not run the vehicle with the radiator
    T o engage reverse, which must only         completely blanked off.
 be done when the vehicle is stationary,           Do not fill the radiator with cold water
 move the shift lever towards the instru-        when the engine is hot.
 ment panel as far as it will go, at the same      Do not under any circumstances run
 time pulling outwards on the lever knob,        the engine in a closed garage or similar
 and then move the lever downwards.              restricted atmosphere. The exhaust fumes
 Remember, however, that the gearing is          are highly poisonous and if inhaled will
 now lower than low gear. Consequently           quickly produce grave, if not fatal
 release the clutch slowly until the vehicle     results.
just begins to move, and then gently
 depress the accelerator to give the speed      Skidding.
 desi red.                                          Skidding is usually due to the sudden
    DO not 'ride the clutch' instead of          application of the brakes on an icy,
 using the handbrake when temporarily            greasy or loose road surface, and may be
 halted on a n upgrade.                          accentuated by unduly slack tyres. If the
    When descending a steep grade it is          rear wheels skid, release the brakes and
 advisable to engage an intermediate or          turn the steering wheel towards the
 low gear. The engine will then provide          direction of the skid to regain wheel
 a useful braking action.                        grip on the road.
 What Not to Do.
   Do not pul1 the starter control when a        Wet Brakes
 gear is engaged.                                   After the vehicle has been washed or
    Do not forget to switch on the ignition      driven through water the brake linings
 when starting the engine.                       may be wet. Apply the brakes several
    Do not continue pulling the starter          times in order to dry them. Wet brakes
 control if the engine will not fire.            are extremely dangerous.
             THE AUSTIN 'A40' MAINTENANCE INSTRUCTIONS



                      REGULAR ATTENTIONS
T H E following is a convenient list of regular attentions which the vehicle should
    receive to keep it in good mechanical condition. These instructions should be closely
followed whether the attentions are performed by the owner or the local garage.
   The attentions under the Weekly headings are based on the asssumption that the
maximum mileage per week does not exceed 500.
     Under more arduous conditions, such as very dusty or very muddy roads, long
distances at high speeds or with heavy loads, it will be advisable to attend to chassis
lubrication more frequently.
     Every time gasoline is put into the tank, the engine oil level and the radiator water
level should both be checked. Top up if necessary.

      EVERY 500 MILES OR                           In the case of Commercial Vehicles,
                                                which are supplied with a screw type
          WEEKLY                                lifting jack, the load on the front suspen-
                                                sion should be relieved by placing the jack
 Shackle Pins : These are on the rear           under the lowest point of the frame front
ends of the rear road springs and should        cross member, with the lipped end of the
be given a charge of oil once a week.           lifting platform firmly against the fonvard
There are two nipples, one on each top          side, and then partly raking the vehicle.
shackle.
                                                   Steering Connections: Apply the oil
  Front Suspension: Apply the oil gun to        gun to the steering center tie rod nipples
the lower arm joints where they meet the        (2) (A) and the steering side cross tube
knuckle pin housing ( C ) .                     nipples (4) (E and F) and top up the
   Knuckle Pins: Apply the oil gun to the       steering idler (B) via the oil plug orifice.
two nipples on each knuckle pin. This              N.B.-On     no account should the
is best done when the vehicle is partly         steering idler be overlooked, as lack of
jacked up, since the oil is then able to        lubricant in this component may cause a
penetrate to the thrust side of the             serious breakdown due to the additional
bushings (G and D).                             load imposed on the steering box.
                                                   Brakes and Controls: With the oil can,
                                                oil al1 the handbrake linkage points,
                                                brake and clutch pedal linkages and
                                                carburetor control joints. Also oil al1
                                                the gear shift control joints.


                                                                500 MILES
                                                   Engine: On new and reconditioned
                                                engines the pan should be drained and
                                                refilled with new oil after the first 500
                                                miles. At the same time as these changes
                                                are made, the cylinder head nuts should
                                                be tested and tightened if found necessary.
                                                   Transmission and Rear Axle: After 500
                                                miles on new vehicles, drain and refill
                                                the transmission and rear axle.
                                                   Always drain the oil after a run, since
                                                it will then flow more easily.
                  T H E AUSTIN 'A40' MAINTENANCE INSTRUCTIONS




                                                                                  THE PEDA1.S
                                                              A--0zling point. R-Clutch       udiusttng rod. C-
                                                              Oiling p c i n f . TI-Uumbell  i ~ n i o nnipple. E-
               'I'HE G E A R SHIIiT                           Brake pedal nipple.        F-Clutrh       pedal nipple.
                                                                              G-Dumbrll unrti~inipple.
.4-Clulch    uperuli~rg shafl ntpple.           B-Hand
    bruke pivot n i p p b . C , U , E-Oiling   pcinls.
                                                                 Steering Column: Lubricate the felt
     EVERY 2,000 MILES OR                                     washer at the top of the steering colurnn
                                                              by adding a few drops of light machine
          MONTHLY                                             oil through the oil hole in the steering
   Engine: Drain the pan and refill with                      wheel hub close to the steering column.
new oil. Capacity is 8.4 pints (7 Imp.).
   Transmission: Check the level and top                               EVERY 3,000 MILES
up if necessary. For access lift the floor
carpet and remove the rubber plug o n                            Distributor Cam- and Drive-Shaft Bear-
the right side of the transmission cover-                     ings: Lubricate the distributor cam-shaft
ing. The filler plug is then accessible.                      bearings by withdrawing the molded
   Remove the plug and fill up to the                         rotating arm from the top of the dis-
bottom of the threads. This gives the                         tributor spindle and carefully adding a
correct level.                                                few drops of oil round the screw exposed
   Clutch Pedal: With the oil gun, lubri-                     to view. See page 25 for recommended
cate the nipple at the base of the lever.                     oils. Take care to refit the arm correctly
                                                              by pushing it on to the shaft and turning
   Brakes: Apply the oil gun to the                           until the key is properly located.
brake balance lever on the rear axle, the
handbrake pivot, and the brake pedal
pivot nipple.
   Rear Axle : Check the level and re-
plenish if necessary. The correct oil
should b r used and injected into,the axle
casing from underneath, using the
adapter o n the oil gun.
    First remove the plug, which is o n the
right lower front side of the axle, then
place the end of the adapter into the oil
 hole, and inject the oil.
    The plug also serves as an oil level
 indicator. Therefore, d o not replace the
 plug at once, but give time for the super-
 fluous oil to run out if too much has
 been injected. This is most important,
 because, if the rear axle is overfilled the
lubricant may leak through to the brakes                                                                   H40. 2 7 A.
                                                                                                                 0.
 and render them ineffective. Wipe away                                  T H E I'ROPEL1.ER                    SHAFT
 the excess oil frorn the casing.                                        .4   is   / h e c n i w r s a l joinl nipple.
                                                         18
               THE AUSTIN 'A40' MAINTENANCE 1NSTRUCTIONS
   Generator Bearings: Unscrew the wick-             Water Pump: There is a plug on the
 type lubricator with slotted end and if the       water pump hOusing which shOuld be
                                                   removed and a srnall charge of oil
 wick is dry refill the cup with highrnelting      inserted. It is better to under-lubricate
 point grease.                                     than to overdo the attention.




THE
  following additional irrspections and adjustrnents should be carried out         periodically
  by your Austin dealer at the mileages rnentioned.

         EVERY 500 MILES                           from the top of the container. Use only
                                                   the recomrnended fluid.
    Wheels and Tires: Tighten the wheel
 nuts and check the tire pressures, includ-          Shock Absorbers: Ensure that there are
 ing the spare, using a tire gauge and             no visible signs of leakage and that the
 inflate if necessary. See that al1 valves are     rubber bushes are undarnaged.
 fitted with valve caps. Ensure that there is
 no oil or grease on the tire, since these
  substances are harmful t o rubber. See                  EVERY 3,000 MILES
 section of 'Tires' for correct pressures.            Spark Plugs: Rernove the plugs and
                                                   clean off al1 carbon deposit from the
                                                   electrodes, insulators, and plug threads
        EVERY 2,000 MILES                          with a stiff brush dipped in kerosene.
    Brakes: Examine the brakes and ad-             Alternatively the plugs rnay be taken to
 just if necessary.                                the local dealer for cleaning in a machine.
                                                      Clean and dress the plug points and
     Battery: Ascertain the state of charge        reset to the correct gap of ,018 in.
 of the 12-volt battery by taking hydro-              Before replacing the plugs check that
 meter readings. The specific gravity              the copper washers are in a sound con-
 readings should be:-                              dition. Never overtighten a plug but
     Fully charged        ..      1.280-1.300      ensure that a good joint is rnade between
     Half charged         . . approx. 1.210        the plug body, the copper washer, and
                                                   the cylinder head.
     Discharged           ..       below l . 150      Use only Charnpion N.8.B Long
     These figures are for an assurned             Reach plugs.
 electrolyte temperature of 60°F.
     Check that the electrolyte in the cells              EVERY 5,000 MILES
 is just leve1 with the tops of the separators.
 If necessary add a few drops of distilled           Air Filter: As well as acting as an air
 water.                                            intake silencer and filter, by a coupling
     Never leave the battery in a discharged       to the rocker cover, it also acts as a funie
 condition. l f the vehicle is to be out of        extractor.
 use for any length of time, have the                The wire mesh of the filter should be
 battery removed and charged about once            cleaned out, and the oil changed. Wash
 every two weeks.                                  the mesh in gasoline, but d o not replace
                                                   until thoroughly dry. The oil level is
   Brake Supply Tank: Inspect and refill           indicated by an arrow pointing t o a
 to the correct level, which is one inch           srnall shoulder in the metal container.
               T H E AUSTIN 'A40' MAINTENANCE INSTRUCTIONS
   Fue1 System: Check the flow of fue1 at
the carburetor inlet union, and if neces-
ary clean the filter.
   First remove the carburetor inlet
union and operate the pump hand
priming lever. Each pumping stroke
should force a strong jet of gasoline
from the union.
   If the flow of fue1 from the pump is
restricted, remove the pump top cover
and lift out the filter over the pump top
chambers. Remove the drain plug and
clean out al1 sediment from the pump
chamber. Clean the pump filter and care-
fully replace. When refitting the pump
top cover ensure that the cork washer is in
good condition. A poor washer will not
permit an air-tight joint and the operation
of the pump will be impaired.
   Remove the bowl of the carburetor for
cleaning, by taking out the two hexagon-                        THB Z E N I T H C A R R U R E T O H
 headed retaining bolts. On turning the
                                                       T h i o t t l e stop adjuslvng srvew. B-Aii. n i ~ x t i w e
 bowl over the float will drop out and                 v m . . C-Accelernting      p u m p ~ p e i a t i n grod. 11-
                                                       hoke contiol spindle arnz. E-Inlet                nnion. F-
                                                       loat chamber securing srrew.              G-Acrelerating
                                                       r m p stop screw. H-Chcke             inter-connectmn to
                                                       wttle.       J---Vacurrnz ltrninfi control conne<tion.
                                                               R- I'hiottle contiol spindle a r m .



                                                      reveal the main and compensating jets
                                                      at the bottom of the bowl.
                                                         The jets may be unscrewed by using
                                                      the squared end of one of the carburetor
                                                      bowl retaining bolts.
                                                          The slow running jet is situated cen-
                                                      trally in the carburetor bowl rim adjoin-
                                                      ing the emulsion block, and is slotted to
                                                      permit easy rernoval with a screwdriver.
                                                          Clean the jets by blowing through them
                                                      with a tire pump or with the mouth, in
                                                      the reverse direction to the gasoline flow.
                                                      Never use wire o r attempt to reamer when
                                                      clearing a jet. Eefore replacing the jets
                                                      ensure that the fiber washers under them
                                                      are in position. Replace the float the
                                                      correct way up as marked.
                                                          Speedometer Drive : Disconnect the
                                                      cable from the speedometer end and pul1
                                                      the inner member out of the casing. This
                                                      should be lubricated sparingly by smear-
                                                       ing it with light grease. Jt is important
                                                       that the drive is NOT over-lubricated.
                                                       otherwise damage will be caused to the
                                                       speedometer head should the lubricant
                                                       find its way into the head.
                                                          T o re-assemble, thread the cable with
                                                      a twisting movement into the casing, since
             T H E A I R CLEAKEK                       this will help the cable to engage easily
A shows tke leve1 lo which the o11 shoirlil he kepl    with its union at the transmission end.
             jnr niaximum e / / i r i e n c ~ , .      When this engagement is felt the cable
                                                                   T o rnake any necessary adjustrnent,
                                                                slacken the bolts and raise or lower
                                                                the generator until the desired tension
                                                                of the belt is obtained. Then securely lock
                                                                the generator in position again.
                                                                   Externa1 Oil Filter: Take off the old
                                                                filter, and replace with a new unit. Use
                                                                only 'A.C. Sphinx', Type ARI or
                                                                Purolator Micronic Type MF2001. Cap-
                                                                acity approx. 1.2 pints ( 1 Imp.).
                                                                   Front Shock Absorbers: Check the fluid
                                                                levels and top up, if necessary. The
                                                                correct level is just below the filler plug
                                                                threads. See page 25 for recornrnended
                                                                fluids. Carefully clear away al! road dirt
                                                                and grit frorn the vicinity of the filler
                                                                plug before rernoval.
                                                                   I t should be noted, however, that in
                                                                the case of the 'A40' Sports, it is necess-
                                                                ary to rernove the shock absorbers frorn
                                                                the chassis before topping up.
                 THE A C F I I E I . PURIP                        Mount the shock absorber on to a steel
A i s the deliuerr pipe, B ilte priming lever, C tlte           plate held in a vise and whilst working
        d r a i n plug, and 1) the s u p p l y p i @ .          the lever arrn both ways through its full
                                                                stroke top up with therecornrnendedfluid
can be pushed home so that the square                           until overflowing.
end stands out approxirnately $ inch frorn
the casing.                                                        Rear Shock Absorbers: Check the fluid
   Radiator: T o flush out the cooling                          levels and top up, if necessary. The correct
system open the drain cocks. There is one                       level is at the bottorn of the filleropening.
at the bottorn of the radiator and another
o n the right side of the crankcase. Water
should then be allowed to run through
until it comes out clear.
   Fan Belt: The fan belt rnust be
sufficiently tight to prevent slip yet it
should be possible to rnove it laterally
about half an inch each &ay.




                                                                   Decarbonising, Valve Grinding and
                                                                Tappet Adjustment: This attention may
                                                                not be needed so frequently on vehicles
                                                                used for long journeys. As a general
                                                                guide, a falling off in engine power with
  H4O. 229. A.                                                  'pinging' indicates when decarbonising
         S H E K A D I A I ' O R D R A I N <'OCI<               is due. The correct valve clearance is
  ( ' s e n s!t/f plrce of w i r e zf / h e cc< i s '>lnckeil   ,015 in. with the engine hot or cold.
             THE AUSTIN 'A40' MAINTENANCE INSTRUCTLONS
  General Check: Examine and, if
necessary, tighten al1 bolts and nuts such
as road spring clips, and body mounting
bolts.
  Examine other parts, such as steering
connections, brake rods and tubing,
etc., neglect of any may be followed by
an expensive repair and inability to use
the vehicle fcr a lengthy period.

       EVERY 10,000 MILES
  Ignition Breaker Points: Clean the
ignitim breiker points. Cleming of the
contacts is made easier if the ignition
breaker lever carrying the moving con-
tact is removed. T o d o this, slacken the
nuts on the terminal post and lift off the
spring, which is slotted to facilitate
reínoval. Before replacing smear the
pivot on which the ignition breaker
works with clean engine oil.
   Check the ignition breiker setting,
re-set if necessary. The correct gap is
.014-.O16 ins.
                                                H40. 230 A.
  Starter Commutators: Clean, also
check freedom of brushes in holders.               CYI I N D E R I<LOCK D R A l N COCK
   Track Adjustment : Check fron t wheel     A--Dz$slick. R-Cylindrr block d r a m ccck i r i o p i n
                                             posrtion. C C ~ ~ i i n i block d r a i n cock i n closed
                                                                       er
alignment: & to & in. toe-in.                                     position.
   Steering Box: Check for wear.
                                               Ignition Timing: Check setting and
   Clutch Pedal Clearance: Check and         adjust if necessary.
adjust if necessary. Pedal movement
should be 2 in. before clutch springs are      Spark Plugs: Renew the spark plugs.
felt under compression.                      Use only Champion N.8.B Long Reach
                                             plugs.
  Oil Pan: Remove and clean pan and oil
 pump strainer gauze.                         Propeiier Shaft Universal Joints: Check
                                             the flange bolts and tighten if these have
      Front and Rear Hub Bearings: Check     worked loose : the nuts are secured with
 for signs of wear.                          tab washers.
            . T H E AUSTIN 'A40' MAINTENANCE INSTRUCTIONS



                     GENERAL MAINTENANCE
T H E following inforrnation covers those attentions essential to the satisfactory
  operation of the vehicle, which are not already rnentioned either in 'Regular
Attentions,' or in the list of 'Service Attentions' norrnally entrusted to an Austin
deale r.



C O R R E C T lubrication is of the utrnost irnportance for the engine, which has to
   operate at sustained high temperatures and speeds, and it is essential that only oils
of the highest quality and correct grade are used. Inferior or unsuitable oils will cause
excessive wear in an unduly short time.
     Additives which dilute the oil or otherwise impair its efficiency must not be used,
neither should graphite compounds be rnixed with the oil as they may intefere with
the efficient working of the systern which ernploys very fine jets for the lubrication of
certain parts of the engine; also prernature choking of the oil filter rnay result.
   Choice of Lubricants: The color or           full mark on the dipstick. It is advisable
appearance of an oil at atmospheric tern-       to wipe the dipstick before taking the
peratures gives no indication as to its         reading, which must only be taken when
efficiency under operating conditions and       the engine is stationary and the vehicle
owners are advised to use only officially       on leve1 ground if a true result is to be
recommended lubricants.                         obtained.
   The letters S.A.E. followed by a nurn-          Oil Pressure: The oil pressure gauge
ber constitute a classification of the          indicates whether the oiling svstern is
lubricant in terrns of viscosity or fluidity.   working properly. It should be hoked at
   For instance, a low S.A.E. number            occasionally while the engine is running
indicates that the oil is of low viscosity,     at normal speed.
which means that it flows more readily
than oil with a high viscosity rating.
   It will be appreciated, therefore, that
oil with a low S.A.E. number is essential
if easy starting is to be obtained in cold
weather, whereas in hot weather a higher
viscosity oil is desirable in order to keep
oil consumption within normal limits.
   Upper Cylinder Lubrication: The use of
an upper cylinder lubricant is beneficia1
to the running of the engine and may be
added to the fue1 when the tank is
replenished. Carefully follow the manu-
facturer's instructions.
   Impurities: Even the best oils in the
engine become contarninated during use,
with unburnt fuel, carbon, metallic par-
ticles, and moisture, and it is therefore
rnost important that the oil is changed
at the recommended rnileage.
   Drain the crankcase when the oil is
warm and thoroughly fluid, since it will
then carry away as much of (he con-
tamination as possible. Afterwards, if
necessary, the crankcase may be flushed
with a thin oil, but never in any circurn-
stances use kerosene.                                                                         H40. 228. A.
   Oil Level: The oil should never be                            THE O I L       FILrEIi
allowed to fall more than 4 inch from the          A - 0 1 1 r i d e l tiniun.   B - - 0 1 1 ottllel tinicrt.
                                                                         RECOMMENDED LUBRICANTS
                                           1
                                           1
                                           .
                                                 'Essolube'
                                                                     -
                                                                             'Energol'                  'Duckham's
                                                                                                                        -
                                                                                                                              'Yacuum'       '-                  'Shell'
                                                                                                                                                                                        -
                                                                                                                                                                                         'Wakefield'
                                                                                                                                                                                                ---
               *         From 90°F.        '                             Energol Motor Oil    1         Duckhain's            Mobiloil       '          Shell X.lOO S.A.E. 30
                        (32'C.) down to         E~soliihc30                  S.A.E. 30                                                                     or Double Shell               Castro1 X L
                    1     32'F. (0°C.)     ,
   Engine                 32'F. 10°C.)                                   Energol hiotor 011   '         Diickham's            hlobilod                  Shell X.100 S . 4 . E . 20
                        d o n n to+lO0F.         Essolube 20                S.A.E. 20W                 NOL 'Twenty'            Arctic                       or Single Shell        1        Castrolite
                            i- 12°C.)
                                               -                                              1                                              1                                     1-
                                                 Essolube 10
                                                                 I       Energol Alotor 011
                                                                            S.A.E. 10W        1         h.oL"'$?is      1
                                                                                                                              Mobiloil
                                                                                                                            Arctic Special
                                                                                                                                             1
                                                                                                                                             '
                                                                                                                                                        Shell X.100 S.A.E. 10
                                                                                                                                                            or Silv, r Shell                Castro1 %
                                               Esso Gear 011     1   Energol Transmission     1         niickharn's                                              Shell
                                                                                                                                                               Dentax 90                 Castro1 S.T.
Transmission                                                  --

               tl           Winter              Esso Gear 011
                                                  S.A.E. 90
                                                                  Energol Transniission
                                                                 -__
                                                                       Oil S.A.E. 90
                                                                                                        Duckhani's
                                                                                                        C.G. 90         1
                                                                                                                        1     Mobilube
                                                                                                                               C.W.
                                                                                                                                            -
                                                                                                                                                                 Shell
                                                                                                                                                               Dentax 90
                           Sunmer               Esso Expee        Energol Transniission                 Duckham's             Mobilube                           Shell                      Castro1
                                               Coinpound 140       Oil E.P. S.A.E. 140                NOL. E.P.T. 140         G.X. 140                      Spirax 140 E . P .              Hi-Prcss
 Rear Axle
               $1                                                                             1          Duckham's
                                                                                                      l O L E.P.T. 90
                                                                                                                              Mobilube
                                                                                                                              G.X. 90
                                                                                                                                                ~                Shell
                                                                                                                                                            Spirax 90 E.P.
                                                                                                                                                                                             Castro1
                                                                                                                                                                                             HYPOY
                                                                                                                            --                                     --
tsteering Box and Oil Gun...                    Esso Expee       l   Energol Transniission       Diickhain's                  Mobilube                           Shell             77
                                               Conipound 110          011 E . P . S.A.E. 140 "L.    E.P.T. 140          ,     G.X. 140                      Spirax 140 E.P.        1        Hi-Pres
 Front Wheel Hubs                 ...               Esso
                                               Bearing Grease
                                                                            Energrease
                                                                               C3                 1     nuckhani's
                                                                                                       H.B.B. Grtase
                                                                                                                             Alobilgrease
                                                                                                                               No. 5             1
                                                                                                                                                           Shell Retinax
                                                                                                                                                                  A
                                                                                                                                                                                   1     Castrolease
                                                                                                                                                                                           Heavy
 Distributor and Oil Can                           Esso                  Energol Motor Oil              Duckharn's                                                l ~
                                                                                                                            Mobil H a n d ~ ¡ - ~ h . l l O ~ * ~ Wakifiild
                                                 Handy Oil                  S.A.E. 20W                 NOL 'Twenty'             011      1     o r Single Shell ,   Oilit
 Upper Cylinder Lubrication                      Esso Upper                   Energol             -~uckhani's           1      Mobil                            Shell                     Wakefield
                                               Xotor Lubricant                U.C.L.                   Adcoids               Upperliibe             l          Donax U                    Castrollo
                                                                                                                                         -                                 - ---                   --
 Laminated Springs,            Rusted               Esso                     Energol              1     Buckhani's             hlobil                            Shell                     Castro1
   Parts or Squeaks               ...          Penetrating Oil            Penetrating Oil             Laminoid Liquid        Spring Oil                         Donax P             1   Penetrating Oil
                                           -
*Engine:-Above 90°F. ( 3 2 T ) or for high-speed driving a t high teiriperatures use next heavier erade of oil.                                          Use only the best Standard Fluids for
tTransmission:-For prevailing sub-zero ("F.) (- 18" C.) temperatures use S..%.E. 8 0 Lubricant (or Transrriission 200).                                  Hydraiilic Brakes and Shock Absorbers.
$Rear Axle and Steering:-For prevailing siib-zero ("F.)(- 18°C.) teniperatures use S . 4 . E . 80 E . P . Liibricarit.
                                                                            THE AUSTIN 'A4O'-CUBRICATION CHART




                                                       DO N O T S P R A Y T H E I N D E P E N D E N T F R O N T SUSPENSION W l T H E I T H E R OIL OR K E R O S E N E


                                                                                                                                                                                                        --       --
              WEEKLY (500 MILES)                                                          MONTHLY p,000 MILES)                                        1                     OCCASIONALLY

                                                                                                                                                                                                                      --d
                                                                                                                                                          1
                                                                                                                                          -                       --                                   .-
                                                                                                                                                                                                     Box (5,000 miles).
                                                                                                                                                                            Top-up the S t e e r i n ~
1   OIL       A           Top-up the Engine 011 Pan.
l                                                                                                                                                                           Universal Joints (2) (10,000 miles). Clutrh     1
                                                                            OIL CUN                                                                                          Operating Shaft (21 (10,000 miles).            l
1   OIL CUN   B         Steering Connections (7). Knuckle Pins (4).
                        Front Suspension Lower Joint (2). Rear                                                                                                              Water P u m p (10,000 niiles).
                      , Spring Shackles ( 2 ) .

1   OIL CAN   C
                      ~
                      1   Handbrake, Pedal and Carbiiretor Control
                                                                            OIL CAN
                                                                            EXAMINE
                                                                                                     Steering Column top Bush.
                                                                                                                                                                            Distributor (3,000 miles).
                                                                                                                                                                            Front Hubs (5,000 niiles).                      1
                          Joints, Brake Linkage, Balance Lever, and                                                                                                         Generator (10,000 miles) with H.11.P. grease.   I
l                     1   Gear Shift Control Joints.                        EXAMINE         H        Front and Rear Shock Absorbers.                          EXAMINE       Front and Rear Shock Absorber Fluid levels      '
1                 -             -                                       l                        1                                                                -
                                                                                                                                                                        ,        ,
                                                                                                                                                                              , \, ,,   .
                                                                                                                                                                                     . ....--,.
                                                                                                                                                                              15 oon T , , ; I - C I
                                                                                                                                                                                     ,
                                                                                                                                                                                                       -     -   -
                                                                                                                                                                                                                            I

                                                                            Figures in brackets denote the nuiiiber of nipples requiring attention.
             THE AUSTIN 'A40' MAINTENANCE INSTRUCTIONS
be added to the coolant in the radiator.             The following are officially approved
   Always flush the cooling systern                anti-freeze compounds: Srnith's 'Blue-
before adding an anti-freeze solution, 2nd         col'; County Chernical Co. 'Chernico
again when rernoving it in the Spring.             Anti-Freeze'; and Johnson's       Velvol
   The rnanufacturers of anti-freeze will          Anti-Freeze'.
provide a table indicating the quantity
to be used in providing full protection               N.B.-If  a heater is fitted, under no
against any degree of frost.                       circumstances resort to draining the
   The strength of the soliition rnust be          cooling systern as an alternative to the
maintained by topping up with anti-                use of anti-freeze, due to the fact that
freeze solution as necessary. Excessive            it is not possible to drain the heater
topping up with watrr will reduce the              unit completely by means of the cylinder
degree of frost protection.                        block and radiator drain cocks.




                  HEATlNG AND DEMlSTlNG
T H E Smith built-in heating and demisting unit, as fitted to the Sedan, utilises the
   waterin theenginecooling systern to heat air for circulation in the car interior and over
the windshield for dernisting and defrosting. The engine thermostat maintains a tempera-
ture of 158" to 167°F. in the cooling system, and since the thermostat enables the engine
to warm up very rapidly heat is available for the car interior soon after starting. In order
to obtain efficient helting in winter a therrnostat with a 180°F. rating should be installed.
     An electrically driven b o x t e r blower, bolted to the left-hand side of the radiator
rnoiinting, draws air through the front grille and forces it along a large diametei flexible
pipe into the heater unit situated centrally on the bulkhead. Here it passes through a
water heated radiator into 11 distribution chamber where shutters, operated frorn thc
heater control panel, regulate its flow into the car interior.

   Booster Blower: This is used to increase        the Heating and Ventilating System due
the air flow into the car and to the wind-         to the presence of objectionable odors,
shield, and is controlled by a pull-out            dust, etc., in the air. Apart frorn this
type switch situated on the right-hand             condition, it will be found that this
side of the heater control panel. Even             control can be left in the 'Demist'
without the blower switched on, air will           position except when it is desired to
be forced into the car and on to the               rernove ice and frost forrnation on either
windshield by rarn effect due to the               the interior o r outside of the windshield.
vehicle's motion provided the appro-               In this latter condition, the lever should
priate valve in the Heating and Ventila-           be moved to the 'Defrost' position.
tion Unit is opened; but at low car speeds,           N.B.-lf   cool air is required to the
particularly if rnaxirnum heating o r              windshield, the control should be in the
ventilation is required, the blower should         'Dernist ' position.
be switched on.
                                                      Ventilation Control: This is used in the
   Windscreen Air Control: This is indi-           'Off' position when it is desired to
cated on the quadrant by the words                 prevent the entry of fresh air, or when it
 'Dernist' and 'Defrost', and is only used         is required to devote the whole of the
in the 'Oñ' position when it is desired            blower output to windshield dernisting.
to prevent the entry of al1 fresh air frorn           For Heating purposes the Ventilation
                                              29
            THE AUSTlN 'A40' MAlNTENANCE INSTRUCTlONS
Control lever is placed anywhere between      circulate the air within the vehicle, and
the 'Warm' and 'Hot' positions accord-        therefore differs considerably from the
ing to the degree of heating required. For    type fitted to the Sedan.
Ventilation only in warm weather, the            The heater consists of a small water
lever is moved to the 'Cold' position.        radiator, through which air is drawn,
  N.B.-The     Ventilation Control cannot     heated and re-circulated by meins of a
                                              fan driven by a small electric motor; this
be used in the 'Cold' position when           being operated by a rheostat switch on
heated air is required on the windshield.
                                              the control panel.
   Summary of Control positions:-                The heater is situated behind and
   (a) Warm weather: Ventilation control      below the instrument panel, and warm air
in 'Cold' position, windshield air control    is directed towards the feet. At the same
in 'Demist ' position.                        time a constant stream of warm air is
   Alternative settings when especially       passed across the windshield via a duct
good ventilation is required at head          and nozzle built into the windshield rail
rather than foot level: Ventilation con-      which ensures clear vision in conditions
trol in 'Cold' position, windshield air        when misting of the windshield is liable.
control in 'Defrost' position.
   ( b ) Cold weather: Ventilation control       The heater radiator is supplied with
set between 'Warm' and 'Hot' positions         hot water from the engine cooling system
according to degree of heating required:       by means of a supply and return pipe,
windshield air control in Demist               and the water flow can be turned o n or
position for demisting and 'Defrost'           off at will, by operating the cock situated
position for removal of frost from             on the right-hand side of the cylinder
windshield.                                    block at the point where the water supply
                                               pipe is connected.
   Heater Unit (Commercial Vehicles and           This means that in winter warm air
Sports Model): The Smith Heater as             can be circulated by use of the cooling
fided to the Commercial Vehicles and           water, and in summer with the water
Sports Model is of tlie re-circulation         supply turned off, cool air can be circu-
type, ¡.e., its function is to heat and re-    lated by the same means.
                   THE AUSTIN 'A40' MATNTENANCE TNSTRUCTIONS



                                                      BRAKES
T H E Girling hydraulic braking system employs two-leading shce brakcs at the front,
   with a dual purpose expander unit on the rear brake shoes, enabling them to be
operated hydraulically or mechanically. A pisto1 grip handbrake mounted under the
fascia ooerates the mechanical linkaee to the rear brakes, while the pedal operates
hydrauli'cally on al1 four wheels.

   Adjustment: The adjustment for taking                            The adjusters operate snail type cams
up wear in the brake shoe linings is                             which bear against the shoes. These cams
effected at each brake back plate; the                           are notched in order to hold them in
brake rods and linkage system should in                          position and thus require no locking
no circumrtances be altered. No attempt                          device.
should be made to adjust the brakes with                            Rear Brakes: Adjustment is made by
the handbrake on.                                                turning the square-ended adjuster on each
   f i o n i Bra!tes: Firmly chock one of the                    rear brake backing plate in a clockwise
wheels and then jack the vehicle until the                       direction as far as it will go. The brake
front wheel to be adjusted is clear of the                       shoes are then hard on, and the adjuster
ground. Fully release both the hexagon-                          should be turned back two full notches to
headed adjuster bolts on the brake                               give the shoes the correct clearance from
backing plate by turning them in an anti-                        the drum.
clockwise direction. Then turn one of the                           The adjuster can be turned a notch at a
adjuster bolts in a clockwise direction                          time, and the engagement, which can be
until the brake shoe concerned rubs                               heard and felt, is caused by the flat sides
against the drum. Release theadjusterone                         of the cone on the inner end of the ad-
notch, o r until the brake shoe is just free                     juster engaging with         the plungers
of the drum and then repeat the pro-                             supporting the ends of the shoes.
cedure for the second adjuster since on                             One common adjuster is provided for
the front brake assembly a separate                              both shoes in the rear brake assembly and
adjuster is provided for each shoe.                              the adjustment for both rear wheels is
Repeat the adjustment for the other front                        identical. After adjustment the brake
wheel.                                                           pedal should be applied hard two o r three




               T H f I F K O N 1- HKAICES                                    'IHE REAK H I I A K l 5
A nrid H <,re fhe fwc hexaqon~shapedadjusl&nq fioinlr
       l o 63 /oiliq:i o n t o c h /10111 6 a r k t n : plale.
              THE AUSTIN 'A40' MAINTENANCE INSTRUCTIONS
times to centralise the brake shoesin their       be tightened with the spanner during a
drums.                                            down stroke of the brake pedal. Repeat
   Bleeding the Brakes: If any part of the        the whole operation on the other wheels.
hydraulic brake system has been dis-                It is important when bleeding the
connected, it will be necessary to bleed          brakes to check the fluid level in the
the system when the connections have              supply tank at frequent intervals and to
been reassembled, to ensure that the              top-up as necessary to ensure that the
hydraulic fluid is free of air bubbles.           master cylinder is never starved of fluid.
   Thers is one bleed nipple fitted on the        Should air reach the master cylinder from
brake back plate assembly at each wheel.          the supply tank it will be necessary to
   Connect a rubber drain tube to one of          bleed the whole of the system again.
the brake bleed nipples and immerse the              Fluid which has just been bled from
open end of the tube in a j a r partly filled     the system should never be used for
 with genuine braking fluid. Then fit a           topping-up the supply tank immediately,
spanner on the hexagon sides of the bleed         since it will be to some extent aerated. It
 nipple and unscrew the nipple one full           must therefore be allowed to stand for an
turn. The brake pedal should now be               hour or two before it can safely be used
 applied repeatedly with slow, full strokes       again. Dirty fluid must be discarded since
 until the fluid entering the jar from the        grit o r other foreign matter in the system
 drain tube is completely free of air             will seriously affect braking efficiency, and
 bubbles. The bleed nipple should now             cause unnecessary wear.




                                             TIRES
    TIRE that loses more than three to four pounds per square inch in a week should
   be suspected of a slow puncture, but first make sure that the valve is not the cause.
The pressures given below should be maintained to ensure long life to the tires and best
running and riding conditions for the vehicles.




                              Rim               Tire
                                                              Pressure in lbs. per square
                                                                          inch                1
       Model                  Sizes             Sizes            Front             R
                       -               --                                                -I
   Sedan      ..            1 6-3.50
   Coun tryman              17-3.25
   Panel Delivery           17-3.25      '
   Pick-up    ..            17-3.25


   The tires should be changed over at                        p
                                                     Jack ~ i on the right side. Move left side
 regular intewals to give each ;¡re the            front to right side front, right side front
 chance of giving the maximum service              to right side rear, and right side rear to
 with even wear. T o do this, every 2,000          spare.
 miles, with the left side jacked up, place          This gives each tire a new position
 the spare on the left side rear. Move left        each move, and includes a period of rest
 side rear to left front side.                     during one full circuit.
               THE AUSTIN 'A40' MAINTENANCE INSTRUCTIONS




T H E jacking of the Sedan is effected by a Stevenson telescopic jack which operates
   from a central cross-member of the chassis frame. There are two positions for the
jack, enabling either the right or left side of the vehicle t o be raised.

   Operation: T o jack up the Sedan first
apply the handbrake and then lower the
Stevenson jack into position, through
either the left or right opening in the
floor of the vehicle at thc side of the front
seats.
   Ensure that the boss on the jack fiilly
engages with the recess in the chassis
frame cross-member and that the base of
the jack has a firm footing on the ground;
then proceed to wind down the jack with
the wheelbrace.
   lmmediately the vehicle is felt lo lift,
again check that the boss is correctly
located in the chassis socket.




                                                       A   tNe p n n g iwr,er #late, B the ~ a c k
                                                           i                                       platforwt, nnii
                                                                     C Ihe f r o n f svrhbone link.

                                                       wheels the lifting platform of the jack
                                                       should be placed across the outer rim of
                                                       the spring lower plate, so that the lipped
                                                       end projects into the recess in the spring
                                                       olate. and the flat end is between the two
                                                       bottóm wishbone links.




            THE STEVENSON J A C K
 The boss orr Ihe jack bu& locates tn /he socket i n
                  rhe cross-membrr.

    Jacking Points for Under-Axle Type
 Jack: This type of jack is issued with the
 Panel Delivery, Countryman, and Pick-
 u p and only the following illustrated                             IACKING .4 REAK W H E E L
 positions should be used when jacking                 i'he l i p q f llie jack ( ' shouiii be on tlre ouliidr uf
                                                                                 b)
 o n e of the above vehicles. For the front                     the sprrng, a n d ogainst lhr U-bcll ( . 4 ) .
              T H E AUSTLN 'A40' MAINTENANCE INSTRUCTIONS
   There is a recess across the jack lifting        Changing a Wheel: Before removing a
platform, which allows the strengthening         wheel ensure that the vehicle is securely
ring on the spring plate to locate.              jacked with the handbrake firmly on and
   For lifting the rear wheels, place the        if on a hill it may be advisable t o scotch
lifting platform across the lowest spring        one o r both of the wherls.
leaf, to the rear of the axle, with the lipped      For access t o the wheelnuts lever out
end on the outside of the spring and up          the wheel center by inserting either a coin
against the spring U-bolt; this avoids           or a screwdriver in one of the slots under
any turning movement.                            its rim.
   The jack is operated with the vehicle            When refitting the wheel, tighten the
starting crank, an intermediate length of        nuts alternately and securely before
rod being provided with the jack t o allow       removing the jack. Finally test the nuts
it to reach the described positions easily.      with the wheel on the ground.




                                 FUEL SYSTEM
T H E FUEL PUMP is bolted to the engine low down on the left side, and has an
   inlet pipe from the rear tank and an outlet pipe to the carburetor. The priming
lever is on the side. When reaching towards the pump remember that it is close to the
exhaust pipe, which may be hot.
    If gasoline appears t o be leaking at the
edge of the diaphragm tighten the cover
screws alternately and securely. Some-
times such leakage may actually come
from one of the pipe fittings, causing the
fue1 t o run down the pump and collect
round the diaphragm flange.
    Fuel pump service is available at al1
Austin dealers. They are stocked with
parts and fittings for any repairs and
ndjustments that may become necessary.
   T H E CARBURETOR is of the Zenith
downdraft type and apart from the
occasional cleaning of the inlet pipe
filter and the jets as outlined in 'Regular
Attentions', should need little main-
tenance.
   Controls: From time to time it may be
advisable to ensure that the choke and
throttle controls are operating freely-
the strangler flap must open andclose
fully, and the throttlecontrol must ieturn
fully against its stop in theidlingposition.
   Slow Running: The slow running of the
engine is controlled by an air mixture
screw and a throttle stop adjusting screw.
The screw is normally set one nnd a half                  THE A.C. F l l E L I'UMP
turns from the fully closed position and
the throttle stop adjusting screw is set
t o give the smoothest idling speed, con-
sistent with a quick response from the
engine to a sudden opening of the                turning the ir regulating screw clockwise
throttle when the engine is warm.                to enrich the mixture. D o not make
   A weak mixture may cause uneven               the mixture too rich or the engine will
slow-running and this may be correctecl by       tend to choke when running slowly.
             THE AUSTIN 'A40' MAINTENANCE INSTRUCTIONS



                     ELECTRICAL EQUIPMENT
S H O U L D any fault develop the owner is advised to contact an Austin dealer. The
  following are adjustments and replacements which an owner should be able to


   Battery: Keep the trrminals and battery
top clean. Also ensure the security and
good electrical contact of the tattery
positive ground strap on the engine rear
mounting plate, and chasis member.
   Headlight Adjustment : The alignment
of the lights is very easily carried out.
The light beams must be set straight
ahead parallel to the road and to each
other.
   To carry out the adjustment, proceed
as follows:-
   Remove the front rim by unscrewing
the rim securing screw and lifting off the
rim, which is split to facilitate removal.
Next remove the rubber dust excluder,         d . C and E are three adjustzng c r e w s , nnJ B u
when three spring-loaded adjustment                .slat. B is the bayanet cap and bulb holder.
screws will be visible, by means of which     the back of the parking light and with-
the setting can be altered as desired. For    draw the light front. The bulb is now
example, if the beam needs swinging to        accessible and can be realeased from its
the left, the screw on the left side of the   holder.
Light Unit must bc tightened.
   NO focusing device is necessary with         Stop- arid Tail-lights: Move back the
this type of light, since the bulb is manu-   rubber lip, insert a coin o r screwdriver
factured in such a way that the filament is   blade under the glass retaining collar and
always positioned correctly with respect      gently lever the collar out from the light
to the foca1 point of the reflector.          body. This will enable the light glass to
                                              be completely removed, leaving the biilb
   Removal of Light Unit: T o remove the      accessible in its socket.
Light Unit, remove the front rim and dust
excluding rubber as previously described        Stop- and Tail-Light (Commercial
above. Press the Light Unit in against        Vehicles): Bulb replacement in the com-
the tension of the adjustment screw           bined stop- and tail-light can be effected
springs and tum it in a n anti-clockwise      by unscrewing the single fixing screw and
direction until the heads of the screws       swinging aside the cover.
can be disengaged from the slotted holes        Rear License Plate Light (Saloon only):
in the Light Unit rim. D o not disturb        Undo the one bolt and the cover can be
the setting of the screws when removing       removed to give access to the bulb.
the Light Unit or the alignment will be          Panel Lights: The holders can be pulled
altered.                                      from their fittings at the back of the
   The bulb is made accessible by removal     instrument panel and the bulbs are then
of the back shell at the rear of the          easily removed.
reflector.                                      Roof Light : T o gain access to the bulb
Rulb Fitting:                                 press in the sides of the plastic light cover
   Headlights: Remove the light rim as        and pul1 downwards. This will release
described under 'Headlight Adjustment'        the cover from its fastenings and expose
to gain a c c e s to the bulbs.               the bulb.
   Undo the bayonet catch at the back of         Ignition arid Rinz Beanz Wartiing
the reflector, and the headlight bulb can     Lights: The bulbs can be unscrewed from
be removed.                                   their holders when pulled out from the
   Farking Lights: Remove the screw at        back of the warning light panel.
THEIAUSTIN 'A40' MAINTENANCE INSTRUCTIONS




           WIRING DIAGRAM




               L.H.
THE AUSTIN 'A40' MAINTENANCE INSTRUCTIONS




                    WIRING DIAGRAM




                                  TRAFFICATOR-




                                                      @4
                                                       +
                                                 FUELTANK RHEOSTAT
                                                                     1
                                                 STOP h TAIL LAMPS




 1'HE 'AlO' P A N E L U E L l b
                T H E AUSTlN 'A40' MAlNTENANCE TNSTRUCTIONS
   Direction Signals: T o remove a bulb,
switch on the signal, hold it in the out                                 BULBS
position and then switch off. Withdraw                                  --
the screw on the underside of the arm and
slide off the metal plate, when the bulb
can be renewed. When replacing the
metal plate, slide it in an upward direction
so that the plate engages with the slots
on the underside of the spindle bearing.
                                                         Head1ights:-
                                                            Main (R.H.)
                                                            Main (L.H.)
                                                                           '
                                                                           l   Í
                                                                               12
                                                                               12
                                                                                    p
                                                                                        42/36
                                                                                        42/36
                                                                                                354
                                                                                                355
   Fuses: The fuse unit is situated adjacent                Side               12         6     989
to the voltage regulator on the right-hand               Stop- and Tail-
side of the engine bulk-head and contains                   ~ights
two fuses and two spare.                                    (Sedan)
   One fuse protects the accessories which                       -
                                                         S ~ O Dand Tail- 1
are operative only when the ignition is                     ¿ights
switched on (e.g., stop-lights, fue1 gauge,                 (Comrnercial
and direction signals). The other fuse                      Vehicles)
protects those accessories which can be                  License Plate
operated independently of the ignition.                     Illumination
If a new fuse blows, the cause of the                       Light
trouble must be found.                                   Panel Lights
                                                         Ignition;     Oil
l                                                           Pressure and
                                                            High Bearn
                                                            Warning
                                                            Lizhts
                                                         ~irection
                                                            Signals        1        2     3
                                                         Roof Light            12         6
                                                                               --
                                                                         FUSES
                                                         Accessories (Aux.)               50 amps.
                                                         Accessories (Aux. Ign.)          35 arnps.




Do nc,/ iift Ihe avm. S m t c h on and le1 lhe arm go
        iip, hold / h e arm out and w i l c h o / / .




                                          BODYWORK
D U S T on the vehicle rnay be lightly flicked off with a duster, but on al1 other occasions
   the vehicles should be thoroughly washed and dried before a non-abrasive polish is
used. Any attempt to rub dirt off the vehicle will result in severe scratching of the srnooth
surface of the high luster enamel. Grease and tar splashes must be very carefully removed
with a soft rag dipped in gasoline.
   Washing and Polishing: Frequent wash-                flow of water and a sponge free from grit
ing with clean cold water will greatly                  and oil. Leather off al1 surplus moisture.
assist in maintaining the high luster                      Should the finish become dull after
finish of the paintwork.                                several months, the use of a liquid polish
   When washing the vehicle, start at the               of reputable manufacture will restore it to
top and work downward, using a slow                     its original condition. An occasional
                  T H E AUSTlN 'A40' MAINTENANCE INSTRUCTIONS
application of a good quality wax polish,                          condition by light brushing or by using
after the vehicle has been thoroughly                              a vacuum cleaner if available.
washed and cleaned, will help consider-                               The carpets should be kept free from
ably towards preserving the vehicle's                              dust and grit by vigorous brushing with
appearance.                                                        a stiff brush or by using a vacuum cleaner.
   Chromium plated parts should be                                 Periodically the carpets and felts should
washed with soap and warm water and                                be removed and thoroughly beaten.
cleaned with a damp leather. On no                                    Other Attentions: Doorlocks, hinges,
account should metal polish or any kind                            and other small working parts should be
of abrasive polish be used.                                        given a drop of oil occasionally and
   The leather upholstery and trimming                             checked for security. Sliding seat runners
may be cleaned with a damp cloth and                               will benefit if very lightly smeared
polished when dry with furniture cream.                            with grease periodically, but never grease
   The roof lining can be kept in good                             the runners of the sliding roof panel.




                                          THE 011 GUN
T H E gun, as supplied, is used for forcing lubricant through the nipples. Charge the
  gun by unscrewing the end cap and fill to its capacity.

                                                                   fill the gun with the correct oil and re-
                                                                   place the cap, hold the gun firmly in the
                                                                   left hand, unscrew the cap approximately
                                                                   two tums and then gently force the steel
                                                                   cylinder into the gun. This will force the
                                                                   oil to the top of the barre1 and displace
                                                                   any air that may have been included in
                                                                   the filling process; the air can be heard
                                                                   distinctly coming out of the threads of
                                                                   the cap and when oil begins to ernerge
                                                                   the cap should then be tightened. After
                                                                   lubricating a point, it is most essential
                                                                   that the disconnecting process should
                   T H E OIL GUN                                   be made with a sideways breaking
A-Ozl     gurz nozzle. B-Pislon    nnii l r l r s c o p i ~
                                                                   movement and not pulled directly away;
r a m . C-Outer case. »-End   cap. E-Adaplor.                      any attempt to disconnect it by pulling
            F-Components nf lhe nozzle.                            directly away will have a tendency to
                                                                   break the soring d i o in the nozzle of the
   Oiling Technique: Always make sure                              gun and a t t h e s a k e time to extend the
that the nipple on the chassis cornponent                          cylinder, thereby sucking in air.
about to be lubricated is clean before                                 T o enable the steering box and rear
applying the gun. Push the gun body                                axle to be topped up as and when neces-
hard and repeat the strokes according                              sary, there is a special adaptor provided.
to the arnount of lubricant required inthe                         The procedure is as follows: Rernove the
component. Wherever possible, watch                                end cap and extend the steel cylinder as
for old oil exuding from the cornponent                            far as possible, fill the gun with the
concerned, since this is proof that the                            recommended oil and then screw o n the
new oil is being forced in. A nipple which                         adaptor in place of the end cap.
refuses to pass oil should be removed and                              Remove the steering box or rear axle
cleaned. This is best achieved by leaving                          filler plug, insert the adaptor end into the
the nipple to soak for a short time in                             filler orifice and force the steel cylinder
kerosene.                                                          into the gun body. This will quickly
   Should difficulty be experienced in the                         empty the gun's contents into the corn-
operation of the gun it is probably due to                         ponent concerned.
air locks. This can be easily overcome                                 Replace the filler plug after ascertaining
by ccirryingout !he fullowing procedure: -                         that the cornponent has Oeen topped up
Extend the steel cylinder as fi!r cis po\sible.                    to its correct level.
                                                              59
THE AUSTIN 'A40' MAINTEN ANCE INSTRUCTIONS




                     THE
              AUSTIN
          'A40' SPORTS

       THE
         following information       relates only
          to the differences between the Austin
       'A40' Sports and the Sedan. It must,
       therefore, be used in conjunction with
       the preceding 'A40' Maintenance In-
       structions, in order that the vehicle may
       receive al1 the periodical attentions
       necessary to maintain its operating
       eíñciency.
        THE AUSTIN 'A40' MAINTENANCE INSTRUCTIONS




                          CONTENTS
                                                         Pages

BODYWORK      ..     ..      ..   ..   ..   ..      ..   51

ELECTRICAL EQUIPMENT         ..   ..   ..   ..      ..   48. 49

FUEL SYSTEM   ..     ..      ..   ..   ..   ..      ..   47. 48

GENERAL INFORMATION          ..   ..   ..   ..      ..   43

GENERAL MAINTENANCE          ..   ..   ..   ..      ..   47

INSTRUMENTS A N D CONTROL3        ..   ..   ..      ..   45. 46

SERVICE ATTENTIONS   ..      ..   ..   ..   ..      ..   46

WIRING DIAGRAM       ..      ..   ..   ..   ..      ..   50
              THE AUSTIN 'A40' MAINTENANCE INSTRUCTIONS



                      GENERAL INFORMATION
    GENERAL DIMENSIONS: Overall                        REAR AXLE: Type-Spiral              bevel
length-159t ins. Overall width- 61 ins.            three-quarter floating. Oil capacity
Overall height-59           ins. Wheel-base-       2.7 U.S. pints ( 2 t Imp.). Overall gear
924 ins. Track ( f r o n t ) 4 8 & ins. Track      ratios-Low 20.08 to 1; 2nd, 12.5 to 1;
(rear)-50     ins. Ground Clearance-               3rd. 7.85 to 1; high 5.14 to 1; reverse
62 ins. Turning Circle-37 ft. Approx.              26.6 to l .
weight-2,016 lbs.                                      STEERING: Type-Special Cam Gear
    ENGINE: No. of c y l i n d e r s 4 . Bore-     with 14 to 1 ratio. Adjustment-Screw
2.578 ins. Stroke-3.5 ins. Cubic capacity          and shim.
-73.17 cu. m. H . P . 4 6 at 5,000 r.p.m.              SUSPENSION: Front: Type-Inde-
Max torque-59 lbs. ft. at 2,300 ¡-.p.m.            pendent by coi1 springs and wishbones.
Compression ratio-7.2             to l . Firing    Castor angle-2f".       Carnber angle-lo.
order-1-3-4-2-. Engine no.-Located on              Knuckle pin inclination-6:".           Track
right side of cylinder block, adjacent to          toe-in-1116th to hth in.
cylinder head.
                                                       Rear: Type-Semi-elliptic underslung
    VALVES: Type-In-head,             push-rod     reverse camber leaf springs.
operated. Timing - INLET opens 5"
B.T.D.C., closes 45" A.B.D.C.; exhaust                 SHOCK ABSORBERS: Front: Type
opens 40" B.B.D.C., close 10" A.T.D.C              -C;irling double-acting hydraulic piston.
Inlet and exhaust clearances (hot o r cold-        Rear: Type-Armstrong          double-acting
-.O15 in.                                           hydraulic piston.
    LUBRICATION: Pump-Gear type.                       BRAKES: Foot Brake: Type-Girling
 Pressure ( h o t ) 4 0 - 4 5 lbs. per sq. in.      Hydraulic with two leading shoes on
 Filter-By-pass type. Sump capacity-                front wheels. Drum diameter-10           ins.
 8.4 U.S. pints (7 Imp.).                           Pedal free movement-a in.
    CARBURETORS: Type-Twin S.U.s                       Handbrake: Type-Pistol grip operat-
 inclined at 20" to horizontal. Jet                 ing mechanically on rear wheels.
 needle-Model E.K.                                     WHEELS: Type-16 x 3.50 pressed
    FUEL SYSTEM: Pump-A.C. Sphinx                   steel disc.
 mechanical, type 'T'. Tank capacity-
 10.5 U.S. gallons (89 Imp.).                          TIRES: T y p e D u n l o p 5.25 - 16
                                                    Extra Low Pressure. Pressures-24 lbs.
    COOLING SYSTEM: Circulation-                    per sq. in front; 26 lbs. per sq. in. rear.
 Centrifugal pump and fan. Temperature
 control-Thermostat. Normal operating                  JACKING SYSTEM: Type-Steven-
 temperature-164°F.              Capacity-16.8      son, operated by wheelbrace from inside
 U.S. pints (14 Imp.).                              car.
    IGNITION: Type-Lucas                12 volt.       CHASSIS FRAME: Type-Welded
 Coil-Lucas,      type Q.12. Distributor-           pressed steel with full length box section
 Lucas, type DM2. Ignition breaker gap              side, front and rear cross members,
 -.014-.O16     in. Timing-114         mark on      stiffened by cross bracing. Chassis no.-
 flywheel. Spark plugs-Champion N.A.8.               Located on the frame adjacent to the
  Long Reach. Plug gap-,025-in.                     engine front mounting bracket on the
     CLUTCH: Type-Borg               and Beck       side opposite to the steering gear.
  singIe dry plate. Diameter-7;-ins.       Pedal        ELECTRICAL EQUIPMENT: Type
  free movement-2 in.                               -Lucas       12 Volt. Battery-Lucas
    TRANSMISSION:                Type4-speed         G.T.W.7A. Capacity-38 amps. hrs. a t
  synchromesh (on 2nd, 3rd. and high)                10 hr. rate. Alternative Heavy Duty
  with steering column mounted gear shift            Battery-Lucas     G.T.W.9A. Capacity-
  lever. Gear ratios-Low 3.89 to 1;2nd,              51 amp. hrs. a t 10 hr. rate. Generator-
 2.44 to 1; 3rd. 1.54 to 1; high 1 to 1;             Lucas type C39PV12. Starter Motor-
 reverse 5.39 to 1. Oil capacity-3.6 U.S.            Lucas type M35G. Cutout and Regulator
 pints (3 Imp.).                                    -Lucas type RB106. Fuse unit-Lucas
    PROPELLER SHAFT: Type-Hardy                      type SF6. Horns-Lucas Windtone, type
 Spicer open shaft with needle roller                WT614. Direction Signals-Lucas type
 bearing universal joints.                           SF80.
                THE AUSTIN 'A40' MAINTENANCE INSTRUCTIONS



                  INSTRUMENTS AND CONTROLS



              A     B    C       D    E      F      G      H          J         K      L      M       N        0
                                                                                                       H40. 253. A.
                                     T H E I N S T R U M E N T PANEI-
 A-Fue1 gauge.                       F - H e d e r motor swilch.                       L - H i - b e ~ i m wnr>iitrg light.
 H-Speedo~ncter lrifi rontrol.       G- Water tewijxrotiwe pazqe.                      M - I g n i l ~ i m warnini: iight.
 C-Ammeter.                          H-Chokr: ron:rol.                                 K-Panel Iixhl s ~ c i t c h .
 U-Sfiaedomeier.                     J - I g n i l i o > ~ und lighl inp szi~iLi.11.   O Il'indshaeld s'iper roiilroi
 L: - 0 1 1 pressure gauge.          K - S l n r t r r ccnlrol.


            INSTRUMENTS                                            Water Temperature Gauge: This
                                                                 records the temperature of the cooling
   Speedometer: Registers the vehicle                            water circulating in the radiator. The
speed and total mileage. The trip figures                        correct operating temperature under
at the top of the speedometer can be set                         normal conditions should not be below
to zero by pushing up the knob at the                            164°F.
bottom (right) of the speedometer, and
turning it to the left.
   Oil Pressure Gauge: lndicates the oil                                      HAND CONTROLS
pressure in the engine. It does not show                            Choke Control: For use when starting
the quantity of oil in the pan.                                  the engine from cold. Pul1 out to the
   Ammeter: lndicates the flow of current                        h i t until the engine fires, and return it
into or out of the battery. With the auto-                       to the half-way position for rapid warm-
matic voltage control system little o r no                       ing up. The choke must be fully released
charge is shown when the battery is well                         at the earliest possible moment.
charged.                                                            Ignition Switch: Turn the key clockwise
   Ignition Warning Light: Clows red                             to switch on. D o not leave the switch
when the ignition is switched 'on' and                            'on' when the vehicle is stationary-the
fades out when the generator is charging                         red warning light is a reminder. The
the battery.                                                     ignition key may also be used for locking
   Hi-Beam Warning Light: A red glow                             the driver's door and the luggage
appears when the full headlights are                             compartment.
switched on, with the two beams full                                Lighting Switch: This is the center
ahead. The light goes out when the head-                         molding which surrounds the ignition
lights are dimmed.                                               switch. Turn clockwise to the first notch
   Fue1 Gauge: Indicates the contents of                         to put on the parking lights, and to the
the tank when the ignition switch is on.                         second to put on the headlights. The
When the tank is being filled, switch off                        headlights are dimmed by foot operation.
and stop the engine. Switch on again and                            Starter Switch Knob: Pul1 out the
the needle will record the amount of fue1                        control Imob to start, and release as soon
entering the tank.                                               as the engine fires. If the engine fails to
              T H E AUSTlN 'A40' MAINTENANCE INSTRUCTIOKS
start after a few revolutions, do not           wipers gently pul1 out the wiper control.
operate the starter again until the engine      T o park, switch off by pressing the control
is stationary.                                  inwards when the arms are at the end of
   Heater Control Switch: Turn to the           the stroke. D o not try to push the arms
right until a click is heard. This starts the   across the windshield by hand.
heater fan. The further the control is             Panel Light Switch: Pull out the switch
turned the less will be the speed of the        control knob to illuminate the instru-
fan, due to the fact that a rheostat is         ments. Only pperates when the parking
incorporated.                                   lights are 'on .
   Windshield Wipers: To start the electric




                        SERVICE ATTENTIONS
T H E following list of attentions are those which cover components o r accessories not
  common to the 'A40' Sedan and Commercial Vehicles.
   All other attentions should be carried out as recommended in the previous pages.

       EVERY 2,000 MILES
    Carburetors: Remove the knurled cap
 at the top of each carburetor and add a
 few drops of oil to the suction piston
 dampers.
   Air Filters: Access to the filter element
is gained by removing the top cap, which
involves the release of only one screw.
Withdraw the element, hold upright and
tap gently or brush lightly on outside.
Jf compressed air is available, the element
can be effectively cleaned by directing a
jet of air on to the inside surface of the
filtering material, thereby blowing out
the dust particles impinged on the outer
surface. Any element contaminated with
oil, grease, paint, etc., should be washed
thoroughly in petrol o r other suitable
solvent and allowed to dry before being
 replaced.                                                   T H E A I R FILTERS
                                                A and R are t h e lrwo lurl intakes l o Lhe carburelors
      EVERY 5,000 MILES                         which should be checked for lighlness occasionally.
   Carburetors: The flow of fue1 at the
carburetor inlet unions to the float                    EVERY 10,000 MILES
chambers should be checked, and, if
necessary, the filters in those unions             Carburetors: Clean out the suction
should be cleaned.                              assembly by removing the two securing
   Disconnect the float chamber fue1            screws and lifting off the body in the same
supply pipes (when the filters may be           plane to avoid damage to the needle.
taken out and cleaned), slacken the float         Lift out the hydraulic damper and wash
chamber cap nuts, and unscrew the float         the assembly in gasoline. Dry thoroughly,
chamber holding-up bolts. The chambers          refit, and replenish the damper with oil.
themselves can then be removed for              When fully re-assembled, lift the piston
cleaning.                                       to its fullest extent, thus expelling the
   Be careful not to lose the float levers.     surplus oil through the top cap, and at
pins and needles.                               the same time lubricating the rod.
              T H E AUSTlN 'A40' MAINTENANCE INSTRUCTIONS
   This is the only part which requires           Spark Plugs: Renew the spark plugs,
lubrication, the piston itself and the inside   using either Champion NA8 Long
of the suction shamber should be left dry.      Reach or Lodge HL. 14. The gaps of
  The Air Filters: Remove the top caps,         these plugs should be maintained at
and renew the elements.                         ,025 ins.




                     GENERAL MAINTENANCE
T H E following information covers those attentions essential to the satisfactory
  operation of the car, and wliich are not already mentioned in the list of 'Regular
Attentions' or 'Service Attontions' given for the 'A40' Somerset.



                                 FUEL SYSTEM
THE CARBURETORS:
   The twin S.U. Carburetors are care-
fully balanced to ensure that the engine
runs perfectly, and it is therefore impor-
tant that only qualified'people are
allowed t o attend to any major faults:-
   Should the engine run badly, after
having previously given good results,
look for a minor fault and not a major
one.
   The two regular maintenance attentions
necessary are listed under 'Every 2,000
and 5,000 Miles,' and are (1) oiling the
piston dampers and (2) cleaning the inlet
filters.
   T o obtain the best results always main-
tain the carburetors in a scrupiilously
clean condition, and occasionally lubri-
cate the throttle spindles and choke
linkages with oil.                                             I'HR S.U. C A R U l r K E T O R
    In the event of poor running, first         A - U o n j o t y p e u n i o n . bl-.q/razner nml spviiig.
inake sure the pistons are able to move         C-Valae ofiening. 1 ) --.Verdle wrli't.. E - - l ; l o a l .
freely; if they are not, the causes may be      F-Fl, al chnmbw uition irctrring boll. G- M u i n
                                                                                  M rb.1
                                                jel. H --Ta$~i.zd >teedle ( i E . K . ) . I- Pi>li>,i.
as follows:-                                    J-St<clznir   disc. IC-Hylral<lic dicmper. L-Chakr
      Dirt in the suction chambers, the cure              lei'er. M d l o i i l p udliirsting f l l < l .
                                                                                  i
      for which is given under 'Every
      10,000 Miles.'                               If the first effort is not successful,
      A bent hydraulic damper spoke. Cure:      repeat the process.
      Straighten or replnce.                       To Adjust the Carburetors: The only
      A bent jet needle. Cure: Replace.         adjustments are by means of the jet
      Straightening is not recommended,         adjusting nuts and the throttle stop
     except in an emergency.                    screws. First synchronise the throttles
      An incorrectly centered jet. Cure:        by slackening one of thespindleiiniversal
      Re-center      in     the     following   joint clamp screws, unscrewing both
     manner:-Screw the jet-adjusting nut        throttle-stop screws and shutting both
     to its weakest position and slacken the    completely-then     re-tighten the clamp
     jet screw. Gently tap the jet head until   screw.
     the piston falls freely, striking the         Another method is to listen to the Iiiss
     bridge with an audible click while         of each carburetor with o piece of tube,
     gradually re-tightening the jet screw.     one end of which should be placed
              T H E AUSTIN 'A40' MAINTENANCE INSTRUCTIONS
adjacent to the carburetor intake and the            on a watchrnaker's lathe and have
other in the ear, then adjust throttles until        square shoulders; others on a centerless
the hiss is equal. Now lift the piston of            grinder and have round shoulders, the
each carburetor in turn; if this causes the          Dart constituting the shoulder is shown
engine to speed-up, the rnixture is too              in the illustratioñ.
strong and the jet adjusting nut should be
screwed up. If the engine stops irnrned-
iately the rnixture is too weak and the jet
should be lowered (unscrewed). If the
engine just falters or continues t o run,
but unevenly, then the adjustrnent is
correct. The only rnethod of altering the
rnixture strength throughout the whole
speed range is by changing the jet
                                                                       A                           B
needles. T o d o this, rernove the two
screws round the base of the suction
charnber, then lift off the whole assernbly,
taking the utrnost care not to bend the
needle. Slacken the needle nrub screw                                                     H ~ O .24. B.
and withdraw the needle: it-sh0dd be                       T H E CARBURETOR NEEDLE
refitted with its shOulder flush with the            A and B show {he corred fiilling for the tze'o tyfies
face of the piston. Sorne needles are rnade                            auailable.




  HOULD any fault develop the owner is advised t o contact an -4ustin dealer. The
Sfollowing are adjustrnents and replacernents which an owner should be able to
undertake.
   Battery: Keep the terrninals and battery             Removal of Light Unit: T o rernove the
top clean. Also ensure the security and              Light Unit, rernove the front rirn and
good electrical contact of the battery               dust excluding rubber as previously
positive ground strap on the engine rear             described above. Press the Light Unit in
rnounting - late, and chassis mernber.
          -                                          against the tension of the adjustrnent
   Headlight Adjustment: The alignrnent              screw springs and turn it in an anti-clock-
of the lights is very easily carried out.            wise direction until the heads of the
The light bearns rnust be set straight               screws can be disengaged frorn the slotted
ahead parallel to the road and t o each              holes in the Light Unit rirn. D o not
other.                                               disturb the setting of the screws when
   T o carry out the adjustrnent, proceed            rernoving the Light Unit ot the align-
as follows:-                                         rnent will be altered.
   Rernove the front rirn by unscrewing                 The bulb is rnade accesible by
the rirn securing screw and lifting off the          rernoval of the back shell a t the rear of
rirn, which is split t o facilitate rernoval.        the reflector.
Next rernove the rubber dust excluder,               Bulb Fitting :
when three spring-loaded adjustrnent                    Headlights: Rernove the light rirn as
screws will be visible, by rneans of which           described under 'Headlight Adjustrnent
the setting can be altered as desired. For           to gain access to the bulbs.
example, if the bearn needs swinging t o                Undo the bayonet catch a t the back of
the left, the screw on the left side of the          the reflector, and the headlight bulb can
Light Unit rnust be tightened.                       be removed.
   N o focusing device is necessary with                Parking Lights: Move back the rubber
this type of light, since the bulb is rnanu-             ~
                                                     l i at the bottorn of the light and insert a
factured in such a way that the filarnent            coin under the glass rirn. Yhis allows the
is always positioned correctly with                  glass and rirn to come cornpletely away,
respect to the foca1 point of the reflector.         leaving the bulb in its socket. When
                                                48
             THE AUSTIN 'A40' MAINTENANCE TNSTRUCTIONS
replacing the rim and glass lacate the top     protects those accessories which can be
edge first, then allow the rubber lip or       opxated independently of the ignition.
cup to overlap the rim, making a water-        If a new fuse blows, the cause of the
tight joint.                                   trouble must be found.
   Stop- and Tail-lights: Move back the
rubber lip, insert a coin or screwdriver
blade under the glass retaining collar and
gently lever the collar out from the light                       BULBS
body. This will enable the light glass to                                        -
be completely removed, leaving the bulb                                          atas
accessible in its socket.                                                Natts   No.
    Rear License Plate Light: Undo the one
bolt and the cover can be removed t o
give access t o the bulb.                       Main (R.H.)
   Panel Lights: Access to the bulbs is         Main (L.H.)
gained by swinging aside the spring clips       Side
a t the back of the instrument panel and
pulling out the bulb holders, from which        Stop- and Tail-
the bulbs may easily be unscrewed.                Lights
   Ignition and Hi-Beam Warning Lights:
The bulbs can be unscrewed from their           License Plate
holders when pulled out from the                  Illumination
back of the warning light panel.                  Light
    Direction Signals: T o remove a bulb,       Panel Lights
 switch on the signal, hold it in the out
 position and then switch off. Withdraw         Ignition and
 the screw on the underside of the arm            Hi-3eam
 and slide off the metal plate, when the          Warning
 bulb can be renewed. When replacing the          Lights
 metal plate, slide it in an upward direc-
 tion so that the plate engages with the        Direction
 slots on the underside of the spindle            Signals
 bearing.
    Fuses: The fuse unit is situated ad-        Roof Light
jacent to the voltage regulator and cut-
 out on the right-hand side of the engine                        FUSES
 bulkhead and contains two fuses and two
 spare.                                         Accessories
    One fuse protects the accessories which       (Aux.)                 50 amps.
 are operative only when the ignition is        Accessories
 switched on (e.g., stop-lights, fue1 gauge,      (Aux. Ign.)            35 amps.
 and direction signals). The other fuse
THE AUSTIN 'A40' MAINTENANCE INSTRUCTIONS




           WIRING DIAGRAM
             T H E AUSTIN 'A40' MAINTENANCE INSTRUCTIONS




                                  BODYWORK
D U S T on the car may be lightly flicked off with a duster, but on al1 other occasions
   the car should be thoroughly washed antl dried before a non-abrasive polish is used.
Any attempt to rub dirt off the car will resiilt in severe scratching of the smooth surface
of the hiph luster enamel. Grease and tar splashes must be very carefully removed with a
soft rag dipped in gasoline.

   The Folding Top: Before the top can be       method is not completely effective, then
lowered the following preliminary opera-        clear methylated spirit may be used with
tions must be carried out:-                     the same type of bmsh. It will be found
   First, release al1 the top fasteiiers at     that by cleaning by the methods outlined
the rear of the car. Next pul1 the rear         the surface will continue to look as good
seat squab forward and remove the top           as new.
well side covers, after which the rear
window must be separated from the                  Washing and Polishing: Frequent wash-
hood, by releasing the press studs, and         ing with clean cold water will greatly
then placed in the rear compartment of          assist in maintaining the high luster
the top well-this being most important          finish of the paintwork.
if damage to the celluloid window is to be         When washing the vehicle, start at the
avoided.                                        top and work downward, using a slow
   Finally lift the top rail clear of its       flow of water and a sponge free from grit
two securing pegs situated above the            and oil. Leather off al1 survlus moisture.
windshield.                                        Should the finish become dull after
   The top itself can now be lowered,           severa1 months, the use of a liquid polish
although while doing so it will be neces-       of reputable manufacture will restore it to
ary t o press inwards on the jointed rear       its original condition. An occasional
top support, in order to prevent it             application of a good quality wax polish,
fouling the rear edge of the top well,          after the vehicle has been thoroughly
and then downward pressure must be              washed and cleaned, will help consider-
exerted on the top linkages in order            ably towards preserving the vehicle's
t o straighten them-this       being most       appearance.
important if the top is t o take up its
correct position in the well. Rol1 up the          Chromium plated parts should be
front part of the top and stow it as far        washed with soap and warm water and
 back as possible in the top well. I t is       cleaned with a damp leather. On no
essential that the whole top assernbly          account should metal polish or any kind
 be pressed very compactly into the well        of abrasive substance be used.
provided, in order that the rear seat              The leather upholstery and trimming
squab may be returned to its normal              may be cleaned with a damp cloth and
 vosition and fastened. Finally. .secure the
                               -                polished when dry with furniture cream.
 iop well side covers.                             The carpets should be kept free from
    Raising the top is an exact reversal         dust and grit by vigorous brushing with
of the above procedure.                          a whiskbroom or by using a vacuum
   The top should be cleaned regularly,         cleaner. Periodically the carpets and felts
 particularly when it is new, to combat          should be removed and thoroughly
any initial chemical reaction which may          beaten.
occur during its early life. T o clean the
top it is only necessary to use soap and           Other Attentions: Door locks, hinges,
 water and a stiffor semi-stiff brush of the     and other small working parts should be
 nailbrush type. If dust and grime has           given a drop of oil occasionally and
 been allowed t o remain on the top for a        checked for security. Sliding seat runners
 long time so that it has become really          will benefit if very lightly smeared with
 dirty, and the ordinary soap and water          grea se periodically.

				
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