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PowerPoint Presentation - Immigration to Minnesota

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					Immigration to Minnesota
           Immigration Waves
• Minnesota’s Native Peoples
  – Ojibwe, Dakota and other Native American tribes
• 1st Wave - 1800’s and early 1900’s
  – Scandinavians
  – Western Europeans
  – Eastern Europeans
• 2nd Wave - 1970’s through 2000’s
  – Latin Americans
  – Asians
  – Africans
Germans and Norwegians Settled in Southern
     and Western Agricultural Lands
Eastern Europeans Settled in
    Northeast Minnesota
Minnesota’s Immigrants Today
• 5.1% of Minnesota’s population is
  foreign born
  – 1% are undocumented
• In 2002:
  – 63% came to join family
  – 16% came for work
  – 12% came as refugees
Types of Immigrants
   • Legal Permanent Residents
     – Have documents
   • Refugees or Asylees
     – People fleeing persecution
       based on race, ethnicity,
       nationality, religion, gender,
       political opinion, etc.
   • Undocumented immigrants
     – Do not have documents
  Where Are Minnesota’s Recent
   Immigrants Coming From?
• 14,456 arrivals in 2005
  – Top 10 Countries:
     •   2,233 Somalia
     •   1,303 Ethiopia
     •   830 India
     •   713 Liberia
     •   636 Mexico
     •   675 China
     •   583 Vietnam
     •   515 Russia
     •   502 Kenya
     •   433 Canada
       Minnesota Has The …
• Largest Somali population in the U.S.
• Largest Oromo population in the U.S. (ethnic group from
  Ethiopia)
• 2nd largest Tibetan population in the U.S.
• 2nd largest Hmong population in the U.S.
• U.S. city with the most Hmong residents (St. Paul)
Besides English,
Spanish is the
most common
language
spoken in
Minnesota.


Latinos/Hispanic
are the most
geographically
dispersed
immigrant group
    Most
concentrated
in Twin Cities
 Metro Area
  Formerly Swift
Meatpacking plant
 Worthington, MN
  Nobles County
Many Immigrants Employed in
 Minnesota Food Processing
Marshall, MN
Lyon County
               Rochester,
                  MN
                Olmsted
                County


Mankato, MN
 Blue Earth    Owatonna,
  County         MN
              Steele County
    Minnesota’s Pull Factors

• Rejoining family
  members
• Strong economy
• Good quality of life
• Educational
  opportunities
            Benefits of Immigrants
• Provide needed labor
  (especially in industries that
  are not as attractive to native
  residents)
                                     Minnesota
• Stimulate economy
   – spend money
   – establish businesses
• Pay taxes
• Enrich the culture
• Offset an aging
  population                        Cook County
• Strengthen global
  connections
       Challenges of Immigration
• Education
    – Minnesota’s public
      school students now
      speak more than 70
      languages
•   Jobs
•   Health care
•   Discrimination
•   Including new
    customs and
    traditions in the
    broader Minnesota
    culture

				
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posted:10/9/2011
language:English
pages:30