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Rhetorical device Antithesis

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Rhetorical device Antithesis Powered By Docstoc
					Rhetorical device:
   Antithesis
   Antithesis                   Contrasts two ideas
       Pronounced                by placing them next
            an TITH uh sis       to each other, almost
                                  always in a parallel
                                  structure
                                 (the structures in
                                  parallelism and
                                  chiasmus lend
                                  themselves easily to
                                  contrasts)
 Developing contrasts is important for clear
  writing because a powerful way to clarify
  an idea is to show how it differs from
  another idea.
 By using a parallel structure for presenting
  a contrast, antithesis produces clarity,
  balance, and emphasis, all of which
  contribute to memorability.
             Examples
 1.3.1: To err is human; to forgive,
  divine. –Alexander Pope
 1.3.2: That’s one small step for
  man, one giant leap for mankind.
  –Neil Armstrong
   Antithesis can convey a sense of
    complexity by presenting opposite or
    nearly opposite truths. By placing these
    contrasting ideas in the same grammatical
    position in the sentences using
    parallelism, the contrast is more
    emphatically pointed out to the reader.
                Examples
 1.3.3: Success makes us proud; failure
  makes up wise.
 1.3.4: If we try, we might succeed; if we do
  not try, we cannot succeed.
                    Examples
   1.3.3: Success makes us proud; failure makes
    up wise.
   1.3.4: If we try, we might succeed; if we do not
    try, we cannot succeed.

   Note in the example about how might and
    cannot are naturally contrasted and emphasized
    by the structure of the sentence. Compare that
    with the same idea in a sentence without
    antithesis.
   Ex: 1.3.5: We might succeed if we try; but
    if we do not try, then I do not think we can
    succedd.

   Antithesis is also useful for making
    distinctions or for clarifying differences
    between ideas. Notice the contrast
    between legality and morality in the next
    example.
   Ex. 1.3.6: I agree that is it legal; but my
    questions was, it is moral?
   Ex. 1.3.6: I agree that is it legal; but my
    questions was, it is moral?

   Here the difference between legality and
    morality is called to the reader’s attention
    by the parallel positioning of the
    contrasting words.
   Usually antithesis is recommended because of
    its power of emphasis, but it also makes
    understanding easier for the reader.
   As mentioned under the discussion of
    parallelism able, the parallel structure make the
    sentence easier to decode.
   Adding an antithetical structure to the parallel
    structure makes the contrast easier to see and
    remember.
     HW-copy these down and then
    type up answers-due next class!
   Exercise 1.3.1-rewrite each of the following
    sentences into a sentence using antithesis to
    contrast the ideas. Feel free to omit any
    wordiness that interferes with the emphasis.
      Ex. Sentence: We make this area into a little
       park, and the fact that we removed a parking
       lot to do it seems not to be the thing to focus
       on.
      Example revision: In this area, we created a
       park even though we destroyed a parking lot.
   EX 1.3.1 CONT.
     A) When we jumped out of the airplane, Amy
      said the feeling of free falling was thrilling; I
      was terrified, though.
     B) This proposal calls for a thick retaining
      wall, but a wall that is strong should be a part
      of the proposal also.
   EX. 1.3.2: Write sentences of your own
    that contain antithetical constructions, as
    follows.
     A) Contrast single words, as in Example 1.3.6
     B) Contrast phrases rather than just single
      words, as in Example 1.3.3.

				
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