INE PARIS ANDEAN COMMUNITY FINAL REPORT FIRST

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					INE                                         PARIS21                 ANDEAN
National Institute for Statistics   Partnership in statistics for   COMMUNITY
                                     development in the 21st        General Secretariat
                                             century

                                        FINAL REPORT

FIRST REGIONAL WORKSHOP OF PARIS21 FOR THE ANDEAN COMMUNITY

                       STRENGTHENING STATISTICAL CAPACITY
                       FOR MONITORING POVERTY REDUCTION

The first Regional Workshop of PARIS21 for the Andean Community was held
from 13 to 15 May 2002 in the city of Santa Cruz de la Sierra, Bolivia, under the
joint auspices of the PARIS21 Secretariat, the General Secretariat and the
Government of the Republic of Bolivia.

Participation in the meeting included social sector policymakers, producers of
statistics, users and representatives of civil society from Bolivia, Colombia,
Ecuador, Peru and Venezuela, officials form statistical offices of other Latin-
American and Caribbean countries, speakers, representatives of international
organisations, bilateral and multilateral partners, the General Secretariat of the
Andean Community and other representatives as observes. The list of
participants is attached as Annex I.

The workshop was inaugurated firstly by Mr Antoine Simonpietri, Secretary of the
PARIS21 Consortium, followed by Mrs Elsa Luengo, Director-General of
Operations and Finance, representing the Secretary-General of the Andean
Community and Mr Alberto Leytón, Minister of the Presidency of the Republic of
Bolivia, who formally declared the workshop open. Their addresses can be found
in Annex II to this report.

The event was chaired by Mr Alberto Leytón, Minister of the Presidency of the
Republic of Bolivia and in his absence by Mr Luis Pereira, Executive Director of
the Bolivian National Institute for Statistics, INE and President of the Andean
Statistical Committee. Mr Guillermo Lecaros, Director of Statistics in the General
Secretariat of the Andean Community, acted as Secretary.

                                                  I

                                            AGENDA

The workshop was conducted according to the following thematic agenda. The
working agenda can be found in Annex III of this report.

1. Strengthening statistical capacity for monitoring poverty reduction:
    (a) Bolivia: Poverty Reduction Strategy
    (b) Colombia: Employment and the Informal Sector
   (c) Ecuador: Rural Development
   (d) Peru: Other Dimensions of Poverty
   (e) Venezuela: Strategic social plan, measuring tools

2. Working groups:
   (a) Strategies for developing National Statistical Systems
   (b) Population Census for 2010, Surveys and Administrative Records
   (c) Training and Human Resources
   (d) Statistical Harmonisation
   (e) Data Dissemination and Quality

3. National strategies to improve National Statistical Systems

4. Presentations

                                          II

                                   Proceedings

Bearing in mind the importance of the subjects discussed during the meeting, the
Group approved the following agreements and recommendations:

1. With respect to Item 1, presentations by countries on strengthening statistical
   capacity for monitoring poverty reduction, contained in detail in the CD
   enclosed with this report led to the following conclusions and
   recommendations:

   (a) national workshops should be held in order to involve politicians, producers
       and users of statistics and civil society in developing a national strategy for
       development of statistics;
   (b) municipal statistical systems should be developed to interrelate the
       technical standardising function of national statistical offices and the
       operational work of municipalities;
   (c) the technical independence of national institutes for statistics should be
       encouraged among governments;
   (d) national statistical boards should be revitalised to strengthen the
       development of National Statistical Systems;
   (e) the production of statistics should be geared towards the formulation,
       monitoring and evaluation of government policies;
   (f) training programmes should be developed for users in general, and leaders
       of public opinion, in particular;
   (g) measures should be taken to strengthen administrative records used for
       statistical purposes, especially quality of data;
   (h) a pre-eminent role should be given to users, as the key players in
       development of statistics;
   (i) the culture of statistics should be promoted at all levels;



                                                                                     2
   (j) it must be ensured that the statistics produced are geographically
       representative;
   (k) the harmonisation of censuses with surveys and administrative records
       must be promoted;
   (l) making statistics accessible to society must be established as a priority in
       dissemination policies;
   (m)it should be emphasised to government authorities that assigning greater
       responsibility to National Statistical Systems without allocating adequate
       additional resources is the reason why it is harder to produce more detailed
       statistics.

2. With respect to item 2, the conclusions and recommendations of the working
   groups are set out in Annex IV of this report. The working groups were led by
   the following facilitators and reporters:

    Group 1        Strategies for developing National Statistical Systems
                   Facilitator:    Gilberto Moncada, INEI, Peru
                   Reporter:       Miguel Angel Corneto, INEC, El Salvador

    Group 2        Population Census for 2010, surveys and administrative
                   records
                   Facilitator: Philippe Pommier, France
                   Reporter:    Jorge García, INE, Venezuela

    Group 3        Training and Human Resources
                   Facilitator:  Miguel A. de Castro Puente, INE, Spain
                   Reporter:     Gladys Quiñones, DANE, Colombia

    Group 4        Statistical Harmonisation
                   Facilitators:   Ernesto Azorín, EUROSTAT
                                   Enrique Ordaz, ECLAC
                   Reporter:       Galo Arias, INEC, Ecuador

    Group 5        Data Dissemination and Quality
                   Facilitator: Raul Suarez de Miguel, Switzerland
                   Reporter:    Luz Dary Madroneros, Canal Caracol, Colombia

3. With respect to Item 3, on national strategies to improve National Statistical
   Systems, the delegations presented their strategies, taking into account:

   (a) Priority strategic actions they consider relevant in the future work of the
       National Statistical System, and a tentative National Action Plan with a
       short, medium and long-term timetable.
   (b) Factors identified as favourable or adverse to implementing the proposed
       action strategies.
   (c) How to generate an information system to monitor and evaluate public
       policies aimed at poverty reduction.

National strategies to improve each country's National Statistical Systems are set
out in Annex V.


                                                                                     3
4. With respect to item 4, presentations, the full presentations are enclosed in
   digital form in the CD accompanying this report. A summary of the first four
   presentations is provided below:

Bahjat Achikbache Development in the international context

In an international context of great challenges where national economic and social
development is closely linked to the global economic system, there is a growing
awareness of the crucial need to strengthen National Statistical Systems so that
they can provide a sustainable supply of reliable and timely data in support of the
design, monitoring and evaluation of public poverty reduction policies. PARIS21
was created as an association of national, regional and international statisticians,
policymakers, development experts, analysts and other users of statistics,
including civil society, precisely to support national efforts to build an efficient
statistical infrastructure to provide policymakers with reliable and timely statistics
on which to base their decisions and measure the effectiveness of their poverty
reduction policies, and the effect of those policies on their peoples.

Following on from the first regional workshop for the Andean countries, PARIS21
is ready to assist member countries to consolidate their statistical systems and
modernise their methods and policies in order to meet the needs of their decision-
making processes.

One of the available options is to facilitate the flow of technical and financial
resources to these countries through the Trust Fund for Statistical Capacity
Building managed by the World Bank with a view to addressing national needs for
statistical development. A series of national workshops will be organised to
provide a framework for defining national medium and long-term statistical
strategies and action plans. On completion of the national phase, a second
regional workshop will be held within the Andean Community, possibly in 2003,
with a view to sharing national strategies and progress achieved since the first
workshop.

Pedro Sainz, Response of the National Statistical System to strategies to combat
poverty

The demand for statistics on poverty from societies and governments acquired
increasing political status in the eighties and nineties. This is shown by the
content of the Millennium Declaration, the very existence of the PARIS21 initiative,
the priorities assigned by regional development banks to loans to combat poverty
and national policies and programmes. Faced with this demand, statistical
systems responded initially by preparing summary indicators, on poverty lines and
unsatisfied basic needs. They then had to become involved in the statistics
necessary to design, execute and monitor policies adopted by governments to
combat poverty.

In the course of examining prototype macro and micro policies to combat poverty,
a number of possibilities available to statistical offices were listed. They included
inviting public debate, associating with private and public bodies to analyse


                                                                                        4
patterns of poverty and implement policies, and revise statistical strategies used in
the initial stages to meet today’s new demands.

Javier Herrera, Monetary and subjective poverty

There is a prevailing feeling in our countries that poverty is a general
phenomenon, on a much more critical scale than suggested by official statistics.
This discrepancy between perception and objective poverty indicators, on the one
hand, arouses suspicions of political massaging of the figures and criticisms of the
measurement methods and samples used. On the other, it is argued that there is
a lack of understanding and information about the way indicators are prepared or
should be interpreted. All these problems are real in the sense that, without
knowing it, both sides are right.

This has nevertheless focussed attention on the multifaceted nature of poverty.
The subjective dimension of poverty, social involvement, governability, violence
and ethnic and gender discrimination are all dimensions of the well-being of the
population. The need to be open-minded is not just an academic requirement.
Indeed, a concomitant of the broader conceptual approach in recent years is the
recognition that the voice of the poor and public perceptions are important in
formulating and implementing social policies, both in terms of the impact on
efficiency and their acceptance or otherwise.

The work presented falls within the integration of these new dimensions of poverty
by the National Institute for Statistics and Information Technology INEI and
inspired by models developed by DIAL. It attempts to investigate the interrelations
between the subjective and objective dimensions of poverty by using the ENAHO
opinion survey for the 4th quarter 2001 in Peru.

One of the main findings was that subjective and objective poverty lines are very
similar in that departmental rankings of the incidence of poverty under both
approaches are quite similar. However, subjective and objective poverty profiles
differ: the poor in objective terms are not the same as the subjective poor. While
larger, extended households, comprising a larger proportion of children whose
heads cohabit as a couple, are poorly educated and have fewer assets, present
higher risks of objective poverty, all these factors have the opposite effect in the
case of subjective poverty, thus reducing the relative risk. Labour characteristics
also differ. While working in the informal sector, self-employment, working in
primary activities, having more work experience, occupying a secondary
employment are indisputably factors which increase the risk of being objectively
poor, in the case of subjective poverty, these factors are again rather associated
with a reduced risk of poverty. Objective monetary poverty, poverty based on
unsatisfied basic needs and subjective poverty are three different dimensions of
poverty, as shown by the fact that some 20 per cent of the population
simultaneously present all three forms of poverty and some 80 per cent of the
population present one of the three forms of poverty.

The comparison of the profiles of objective and subjective poverty, the results of
econometric models of poverty and the imperfect intersection of populations of
subjective poor, objective monetary poor and objective poor in terms of material


                                                                                       5
living standards not only show that the risk factors have varying degrees of
intensity but that in many cases they have an opposite effect. These results
merely confirm the idea that poverty is a multi-dimensional phenomenon, and that
different dimensions affect different populations with different characteristics to
varying degrees. This finding has important implications for the design of
focussed public spending policies. Different target populations for each
dimensions of poverty and dimensions of poverty with distinct determining features
are indistinguishable when they really require differential policies. The conclusion
is that it is necessary to integrate sections on the subjective dimension of poverty,
governability and civil participation in household surveys so as to be able to
analyse how the interrelations between the different dimensions of poverty and
their specific determinants.

Enrique Ordaz, Presentation on the Millennium Declaration

During the 55th session of the United Nations General Assembly, 145 Heads of
State and of Government adopted the Millennium Declaration, which
encompasses a set of fundamental values considered essential to the promotion
of development and international relations in the 21st century. In the context of
social and economic development, specific targets were set for policies such as
the eradication of poverty, which should be achieved by the year 2015 at the
latest. In addition, the General Assembly asked that progress in achieving the
objectives of the Millennium Declaration should be periodically evaluated. The
Division of Statistics collaborates with the United Nations Development
Programme (UNDP) in preparing annual reports to the General Assembly.

For this purpose, a group of experts was formed from the United Nations, the
Bretton Woods institutions and the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and
Development to harmonise the objectives of the Millennium Declaration with the
objectives of the OECD Development Assistance Committee. The resulting
framework of eight goals, 18 targets and 48 indicators formed part of the
Secretary-General’s report to the Assembly in Autumn 2001.

In addition, the United Nations Statistics Division and Statistical Commission are
working on rationalising the almost 300 indicators as the follow up to United
Nations summits and conferences, in accordance with resolutions of the Economic
and Social Council.

With respect to strengthening statistical capacity in Latin America and the
Caribbean, ECLAC set up the Statistical Conference of the Americas whose
objectives are: to promote the development and improvement of national
statistics; promote international, regional and bilateral cooperation; and prepare a
biennial programme of regional and international statistical cooperation activities.
The Executive Committee of the Conference decided that the next biennial
programme would take the Millennium Declaration as it framework, endeavouring
to ensure that the statistical agenda followed countries’ political agendas, and that
the general approach to statistical development would be: better practice in the
production of information; manageability of national information systems;
accountability to society and user-producer dialogue.



                                                                                    6
In this context, the PARIS21 initiative is a fundamental element which, with its
emphasis on association, will support the strengthening of countries’ statistical
capacity, both in the Andean Community of Nations and the entire Latin-American
and Caribbean Region.




                                                                                7
ANNEXES




          8
                                       ANNEX I

                              LIST OF PARTICIPANTS


ANDEAN COMMUNITY

BOLIVIA

Alberto Leytón
Minister
MINISTRY OF THE PRESIDENCY
Plaza Murillo, Palacio de Gobierno
Telephone: 591 - 2 - 2202321
Fax: 591 - 2 - 2203439
E-mail: aleyton@presidencia.gov.bo

Bernardo Requena
Vice-minister of Public Investment and External Financing
MINISTRY OF FINANCE
Palacio de Telecomunicaciones Piso 11
Telephone: 591 - 2 – 2317424 / 2317432
Fax: 591 – 2 - 392891
E-mail: brequena@vipfe.gov.bo

Marianela Zeballos
Vice-minister
VICE-MINISTRY OF STRATEGIC PLANNING AND PUBLIC PARTICIPATION
Av. Arce
Telephone: 591 - 2 - 2313029
Fax: 591 - 2 - 2318479
E-mail: mazeballos@coord.rds.org.bo

Luis Pereira
Director
NATIONAL INSTITUTE FOR STATISTICS
Av. Carrasco Nº 1391, Miraflores
Telephone: 591 - 2 - 2222333
Fax: 591 - 2 - 222693
E-mail: lpereira@ine.gov.bo

Melvy Vargas
Regional Director, INE, Santa Cruz
NATIONAL INSTITUTE FOR STATISTICS
c. Taperas Nº 11, Av. Santa Cruz
Telephone: 591 - 3 - 3361544
Fax: 591 – 3 - 3323300
E-mail: censo_sc@bibosi.scz.entelnet.bo



                                                               9
Fernando Aramayo
Director of Administrative Records
NATIONAL INSTITUTE FOR STATISTICS
Av. Carrasco Nº 1391, Miraflores
Telephone: 591 - 2 - 2222333
Fax: 591 - 2 - 2222693
E-mail: faramayo@ine.gov.bo
         direccion_2@ine.gov.bo

Walter Castillo
Adviser to Executive Director
NATIONAL INSTITUTE FOR STATISTICS
Av. Carrasco Nº 1391, Miraflores
Telephone: 591 - 2 - 2222333
Fax: 591 - 2 - 2222693
E-mail: wcastillo@ine.gov.bo

Marcelo Barrón
External financing analyst
VICE-MINISTRY OF PUBLIC INVESTMENT AND EXTERNAL FINANCING
MINISTRY OF FINANCE
Palacio de Telecomunicaciones Piso 11
Telephone: 591 - 2 – 2317424 / 2317432
Fax: 591 – 2 - 392891
E-mail: mbarron@vipfe.gov.bo

Roberto Ribero
Chief of Poverty
UDAPE
Palacio de Telecomunicaciones Piso 18
Telephone: 591 - 2 - 2379493
Fax: 591 - 2 - 2369905
E-mail: rrivero@udape.gov.bo

Raúl Peñaranda
Director, La Epoca Journal
OPINION FORMERS
Av. Bush 1374 entre Panamá y Pacífico
Telephone: 591 - 2 - 77225970 / 2128490
Fax: 591 - 2 - 2241431
E-mail: cartas@la-epoca.com

Carlos Toranzo
Researcher
RESEARCH CENTRE
Reyes 91
Telephone: 591 - 2 - 2430259 Mobile: 77206751
Fax:
E-mail: toranzo@caoba.entelnet.bo



                                                            10
Gonzalo Chávez
Director MPD - UCB
MODERATOR
Av. 14 de Septiembre Nº 4805, Obrajes
Telephone: 591 - 2 - 2782967 / 2786729
E-mail: gchavez@mpd.ucb.edu.bo

COLOMBIA

Luis Carlos Ramirez Munera
Vice-minister of Economic Development
MINISTRY OF ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT
Carrera 13 Nº 28-01 Piso 9º
Telephone: 57 - 1 - 3506028 3507997
Fax: 57 - 1 - 3606809
E-mail: viceministro@mindesa.gov.co

Andrés Traslaviña
DANE Adviser
NATIONAL STATISTICAL ADMINISTRATIVE DEPARTMENT
Telephone: 57 – 1 - 5978331 / 5978332
Fax: - 57 - 1 - 5978307
E-mail: atraslavinac@dane.gov.co

Gladys Quiñones
Adviser on international technical cooperation
NATIONAL STATISTICAL ADMINISTRATIVE DEPARTMENT
Telephone: 57 – 1 - 5978300 / 5978331 / 5978332
Fax: - 57 - 1 - 5978384
E-mail: gquinonesg@dane.gov.co

Luz Dary Madronero
Canal Caracol
OPINION FORMERS
Carrera 21 Nº 39 B - 41
Telephone: 57 - 1 - 2418555
Fax: 57 - 1 - 2418606
E-mail: daryrope@yahoo.com
ECUADOR

Ramiro Galarza
Under-secretary for economic policy
MINISTRY OF THE ECONOMY AND FINANCE
Av. 10 de Agosto y J. Washington
Telephone: 593 - 2 - 566509
Fax: 593 – 2 - 2503843
E-mail: rgalarza@minfin.ec.gov.net

Carlos Cortez Castro
Director General of INEC


                                                  11
NATIONAL INSTITUTE FOR STATISTICS AND CENSUS
Juan Larrea Nº 1536
Telephone: 593 - 2 - 231602 / 509836
Fax: 593 - 2 - 509836
E-mail: inec1@ecnet.ec

Galo Arias Veloz
Deputy-Director-General Technical
NATIONAL INSTITUTE FOR STATISTICS AND CENSUS
Juan Larrea Nº 1536
Telephone: 593 - 2 - 529858 / 234917
Fax: 593 - 2 - 509836
E-mail: inec1@ecnet.ec

Mauricio León
Expert, Information and Analysis Unit of the Social Front
TECHNICAL SECRETARIAT OF THE SOCIAL FRONT
Av. Amazonas y Santa María, Ed. Tarqui 5to. piso
Telephone: 593 - 2 - 2902748
Fax: 593 – 2- 521864
E-mail: siise@siise.gov.ec

Fausto Corral Guevara
Technical Secretary
SOCIAL FRONT
Av. Amazonas y Santa María, 6to. piso
Telephone: 593 - 2 - 2231750
Fax: 593 - 2 - 2231458
E-mail: facorral@ hotmail.com
          ginar@frentesocial.gov.ec

Roberto Posso O.
Deputy Dean of U.C. Faculty of Economics
RESEARCH CENTRE
Hernando de la Cruz Nº 394
Telephone: 593 - 2 - 97101520
Fax: 593 - 2 - 2-2509771
E-mail: rposso@puceuio.puce.edu.ec

PERU

Carmen Aurora Vildoso Chirinos
Vice-Minister of Employment Promotion
MINISTRY OF LABOUR AND EMPLOYMENT PROMOTION
Salaverry Nº 655. Js. María
Telephone: 51 - 1 - 4332002
Fax: 51 - 1 - 4330606
E-mail: cvildoso@mtps.gob.pe

Gilberto Moncada Vigo


                                                            12
Head of INEI
NATIONAL INSTITUTE FOR STATISTICS AND INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY
Gral. Garzón Nº 548 – Jesús María
Telephone: 51 - 1 – 4333104 / 4338284
Fax: 51 - 1 - 4333159
E-mail: gmoncada@inei.gob.pe

Nancy Hidalgo Calle
Executive Director of Surveys and Census, INEI
NATIONAL INSTITUTE FOR STATISTICS AND CENSUS
Gral. Garzón Nº 548 – Jesús María
Telephone: 51 - 1 - 4334223
Fax: 51 - 1 - 4333118
E-mail: nhidalgo@inei.gob.pe

Carlos Ricse Cataño
Department of Macro-Social Studies
MINISTRY OF THE ECONOMY AND FINANCE
Jr. Junín Nº 319
Telephone: 51 - 1 - 4275313
Fax: 51 - 1 - 4333186
E-mail: cricse@mef.gob.pe

José Salazar
Press Director of the Central Reserve Bank
OPINION FORMERS
Av. Vasco Nuñez de Balboa Nº 615. Dpto. 601, Miraflores
Telephone: 51 - 1 - 2427877
Fax: 51 - 1 - 4288166
E-mail: jsalazara@bcrp.gob.pe

Carlos Amat y León
Professor, University of the Pacific
RESEARCH CENTRE
Av. Salverry Nº 2020
Telephone: 51 - 1 - 2190100 Anx. 2308
Fax: 51 - 1 - 2190135
E-mail: amatyleon_ca@up.edu.pe
         camat@up.edu.pe

VENEZUELA

Freddy Garrido
Director-General, National Statistical System
NATIONAL INSTITUTE FOR STATISTICS
Rsd. Yutaje, Apto. D141, Ave. Sucre Los Dos Caminos
Telephone: 58 - 212 - 7937191
E-mail: fgarrido@platino.gov.ve
          fjpaiva@cantv.net



                                                               13
Jorge Isaac García Navarro
Director-General, State and Municipal Statistics
NATIONAL INSTITUTE FOR STATISTICS
Barrio El Lobo No. 0-89 San Cristóbal, Edo. Tachira.
Telephone: 58 - 276 – 3532687 / 58 – 212 - 7931503
Fax: 58 - 276 – 3532687 / 58 – 212 - 7931503
E-mail: ocei20@cantv.net
           jigarcian@cantv.net
           jigarcian@hotmail.com

Orangel Rivas
Coordinator, Integrated System of Social Indicators Project (SIVSOV)
MINISTRY OF PLANNING AND DEVELOPMENT
Res. Daiber Apto. 3-B Telares a San Rafael - Caracas
Telephone: 58 - 212 – 5077703/ 04-5077889
Fax: 58 - 212 – 5519018/5732075
E-mail: orangelr@cantv.net
         ojrivas@hotmail.com

Aquiles Moreno
Director-General of Epidemiology and Strategic Analysis
MINISTRY OF HEALTH
Av. Bolivar Torre Sur Piso 7 Ofic. 716
Telephone: 58 - 212 - 9780698
Fax: 58 - 212 - 4820203
E-mail: amoreno@msds.gov.ve

Mauricio Phelan
Assistant Professor - Central University of Venezuela - Faces
RESEARCH CENTRE
Cumbres de Curumo, Av. Lago de Valencia. Edif. Mar Caribe Apt. 4. Caracas
Apdo. 8864, Caracas 1080
Telephone: 58 - 212 - 9780698
E-mail: mauphelan@hotmail.com

ANDEAN COMMUNITY

Elsa Luengo
General Manager of Operations and Finance - Technical Cooperation Coordinator
GENERAL SECRETARIAT
Paseo de la República Nº 3895. Lima
Telephone: 51 - 1 - 4111400
Fax: 51 - 1 - 2213329
E-mail: narbulu@comunidadandina.org

Patricio Padilla
Coordinator of Technological Resources
GENERAL SECRETARIAT
Paseo de la República Nº 3895. Lima
Telephone: 51 - 1 - 4111415


                                                                                14
Fax: 51 - 1 - 2213329
E-mail: ppadilla@comunidadandina.org

Guillermo Lecaros
Head of Statistics
GENERAL SECRETARIAT
Paseo de la República Nº 3895. Lima
Telephone: 51 - 1 - 4111461
Fax: 51 - 1 - 2213329
E-mail: glecaros@comunidadandina.org

Francisco Pareja
Chief of Social Development Agenda
GENERAL SECRETARIAT
Paseo de la República Nº 3895. Lima
Telephone: 51 - 1 - 4111441
Fax: 51 - 1 - 2213329
E-mail: fpareja@comunidadandina.org

Dante Curonisy Lostaunau
Statistics Officer
GENERAL SECRETARIAT
Paseo de la República Nº 3895. Lima
Telephone: 51 - 1 - 4342061
Fax: 51 - 1 - 2213329
E-mail: dcuronisy@comunidadandina.org

Jorge Quevedo Gonzales
Head of Andean and Bolivian Cooperation Programme (PCAB)
GENERAL SECRETARIAT
Av. 16 de Julio Nº 1479. Edif. San Pablo. Piso 14. Of. 1407. La Paz - Bolivia
Telephone: 591 – 2 – 2334348
Fax: 591 – 2 – 2310261
E-mail: canpcab@ceibo.entelnet.bo

Rosa Marina León Flores
Member of Congress, Peru - Parliament Representative
ANDEAN PARLIAMENT
Pardo Nº 764, Miraflores. Lima
Telephone: 51 - 1 - 3117526
Fax: 51 - 1 - 3117527

Arturo Yglesias
Advisor
HIPOLITO UNANUE CONVENTION
Paseo de la República Nº 3832. Lima
Telephone: 51 - 1 - 4226862
E-mail: yglesias@conhu.org.pe

Gabriel González


                                                                                15
Project Coordinator
HIPOLITO UNANUE CONVENTION
Paseo de la República Nº 3832. Lima
Telephone: 51 - 1 - 4226862
E-mail: ggonzales@conhu.org.pe

Bruno Armando Apaza Prudencio
President
ANDEAN LABOUR CONSULTATIVE COUNCIL
Av. Pisagua Nº 652
Telephone: 591 - 2 - 2280420
Fax: 591 - 2 - 2280420
E-mail: cclabol@yahoo.com


OTHER LATIN-AMERICAN COUNTRIES

Cynthia Pok
Coordinator of Conceptual Development of Household Surveys
NATIONAL INSTITUTE FOR STATISTICS AND CENSUS, ARGENTINA
Julio A. Roca 609. Piso 7º Of. 706. Buenos Aires
Telephone: 54 - 11 - 43499215
Fax: 54 - 11 - 43499218
E-mail: cypok@indec.mecon.gov.ar

Orual Andina
Director General
NATIONAL INSTITUTE FOR STATISTICS, URUGUAY
Río Negro 1520 - Montevideo Uruguay
Telephone: 598 - 2 - 9032878
Fax: 598 - 2 - 9032881
E-mail: oandina@ine.gub.uy

Zoila Rosa Cubero
Secretary Executive Board, INEC
NATIONAL INSTITUTE FOR STATISTICS AND CENSUS, COSTA RICA
300 S. 100 E Municipalidad Oreamuno. Cartago
Telephone: 506 - 5917894
Fax: 506 - 2230815
E-mail: zcubero@cariari.ucr.ac.cr

Miguel Angel Casco Gonzalez
Director General
NATIONAL INSTITUTE FOR STATISTICS AND CENSUS, NICARAGUA
Frente Portón Principal Hospital Lenín Fonseca. Managua
Telephone: 505 - 2666564
Fax: 505 – 2681795
Celular: 08871244
E-mail: inec@interlink.com.ni
           casco@lbni.com.ni


                                                             16
María Magdalena García Ugarte
Executive Director, INE
NATIONAL INSTITUTE FOR STATISTICS, HONDURAS
Boulevard Suyapa. Ed. Gómez – Cisneros/ Tegucigalpa / Honduras CA.
Telephone: 504 - 2398768
Fax: 504 - 2398612
E-mail:      gcerrato_2000@hotmail.com
             mmgarcia50@hotmail.com

Miguel Angel Corleto Urey
Director General
NATIONAL INSTITUTE FOR STATISTICS AND CENSUS, EL SALVADOR
Av. Juan Bertis Nº 79 Ciudad Delgado, El Salvador
Telephone: 503 - 2869790
Fax: 503 - 2862505
E-mail: miguel.corleto@salnet.net


INTERNATIONAL ORGANISATIONS

BOLIVIA

Ernesto Yanez
Economist
GERMAN COOPERATION AGENCY
Ed. Gundlach Piso 21, Reyes Ortiz Nº 73
Telephone: 591 - 2 - 2310039 2310827
Fax: 591 - 2 - 2310039 2310827
E-mail: gestpart@ceibo.entelnet.bo

Günter Meinert
Principal Adviser
GERMAN COOPERATION AGENCY
Casilla 11400. La Paz
Telephone: 591 - 2 - 2310039 2310827
Fax: 591 - 2 - 2310039 2310827
E-mail: gestpart@ceibo.entelnet.bo

Marcela Revollo
Consultant
PADEP-GTZ
Plaza España Nº 22. La Paz
Telephone: 591 - 2 - 2310039 2310827
Fax: 591 – 2 – 2310039 / 2310827
E-mail: gestpart@ceibo.entelnet.bo

Ute Orestes
Principal Adviser
PADEP-GTZ/REDD


                                                                     17
Av. 20 de Octubre Nº 1819. La Paz
Telephone: 591 - 2 - 2492472/6
Fax: 591 - 2 - 2492476
E-mail: proade@ceibo.entelnet.bo
        Uorestes@ceibo.entelnet.bo

Gustavo Bracamonte
Director PSU-Bolivia
CIDA
Telephone: 591 - 2 - 2411511 2416626
Fax: 591 - 2 - 2416696
E-mail: bracagus@caoba.entelnet.bo

Armando Godines
Sectorial Expert
Inter-American Development Bank (IADB)
Av. 16 de Julio Nº 1628
Telephone: 591 - 2 - 2351221
Fax: 591 - 2 - 2342221

GLOBAL

INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION

Ernesto Azorín
Head of Statistical Cooperation with Latin America and Asia
EUROSTAT
Telephone: 352 - 430133536
Fax: 352 - 430132769
E-mail: ernesto.azorin@cec.eu.int

Raul Suarez de Miguel
Director of International Relations
Swiss Federal Statistical Office
Espace del Europe 10, 2010 Neachatel. Switzerland
Telephone: 41 - 32 - 7136008
Fax: 41 - 32 - 7136002
E-mail: raul.suarez@bfs.admin.ch

Philippe Cujo
Regional Counsellor
Regional Delegation for Cooperation in the Andean countries, Embassy of France in
Colombia
Embassy of France, Bogota
Telephone: 57 - 1 - 6381546
Fax: 57 - 1 - 6381547
E-mail: philippe.cujo@diplomatie.fr

Philippe Pommier
Head of Statistical Cooperation


                                                                                    18
Department of Technical Cooperation and Development
Ministry of Foreign Affairs, France
Telephone: 33 - 1 - 53694197
Fax: 33 - 1 - 53694397
E-mail: philippe.pommier@diplomatie.gouv.fr

Jean-Paul Vasquez
Head of Cooperation for Latin America
INSEE (FRANCE)
18 A. Pinard 75675 Paris Cedex 14
Telephone: 33 - 1 - 41175304
Fax: 33 - 1 - 41176652
E-mail: jean-paul.vasquez@insee.fr

Miguel A. De Castro Puente
Director General of Statistical Processes and Infrastructure
INE SPAIN
Paseo Castellana 183
28046 Madrid. España
Telephone: 34 - 915 - 839341 / 839299
Fax: 34 - 915 - 839488
E-mail: macastro@ine.es

REGIONAL ORGANISATIONS

Enrique Ordaz
Director, Division of Statistics and Economic Forecasts
ECLAC
Telephone: 56 - 2 - 2102634
Fax: 562 - 2102472
E-mail: eordaz@eclac.cl

Maria Do Céu Crespo
Head of Marketing
TES-INSTITUTE
3 Rue des Bruyeres 1274. Howald. Luxembourg
Telephone: 352 - 29858538
Fax: 352 - 298529
E-mail: mcrespo@tes-institute.lu

Driss Afza
Manager
TES-INSTITUTE
Telephone: 352 - 29858535
Fax: 352 - 298529
E-mail: dafza@tes-institute.lu


OTHER ORGANISATIONS



                                                               19
Blanca Freyre de Oliveira
International Consultant
García de Zuñiga 2245/901
Punta Carretas. Montevideo
Telephone: 598 - 2 - 7105935
E-mail: bfreyre@adinet.com.uy

Mauricio Ferro
Chief Statistician
BEYOND 2020
265 Carling Ave. Ottawa, on. Canada Kis 2 EI
Telephone: 1 - 613 - 5633993
Fax: 1 - 613 - 5637233
E-mail: m.ferro@beyond2020.com

PRESENTERS

Javier Herrera
IRD Researcher
National Institute for Statistics and Information Technology; (DIAL)
Casilla 18, Lima 18
Telephone: 51 - 1 - 4334223 Anexo 224
Fax: 51 - 1 - 2222174
E-mail: herrera@dial.prd.fr
         Jherrera@inei.gob.pe

Pedro Sainz Goyenechea
Consultant
ECLAC, UNITED NATIONS
Casilla 179 - D. Santiago
Telephone: 56 - 2 - 2102660
Fax: 56 - 2 - 2102472
E-mail: psainz@eclac.cl

John Newman
Resident Representative
WORLD BANK
c. Guachalla 342. La Paz - Bolivia
Telephone: 591 - 2 - 2443555
E-mail: jnewman@worldbank.org

Haeduck Lee
Senior Economist
WORLD BANK
1818 H St., N.W. Washington DC 20433
Telephone: 1 - 202 - 4736687
Fax: 1 - 202 - 5220054
E-mail: hlee@worldbank.org

Jesper Venema


                                                                       20
INTERNATIONAL LABOUR OFFICE (ILO)
Apt. 10170 - 1090. San José, Costa Rica
Telephone: 506 - 2078738 / 2078735 / 2070799
Fax: 506 - 2242678
E-mail: venema@ilo.org

PARIS21 SECRETARIAT

Antoine Simonpietri
Secretary
PARIS21 Secretariat
Telephone: 33 - 1 - 45241464
Fax: 33 - 1 - 45249406
E-mail: antoine.simonpietri@oecd.org

Bahjat Achikbache
PARIS21 Secretariat
Telephone: 1 - 202 - 4734801
Fax: 1 - 202 - 5223669
E-mail: bachikbache@worldbank.org

Isabelle Hernaez - Pozo
Administrative assistant
PARIS21 Secretariat
Telephone: 33 - 1 - 45249054
Fax: 33 - 1 - 44306333
E-mail: isabelle.hernaez-pozo@oecd.org




                                               21
                                       ANNEX II

                               OPENING ADDRESSES

                          13-15 May 2002, Santa Cruz, Bolivia

ADDRESS BY ANTOINE SIMONPIETRI, SECRETARY-GENERAL OF PARIS21
TO THE FIRST PARIS21 WORKSHOP FOR THE ANDEAN COMMUNITY

Good morning,

Mr Albert Leytón, Minister of the Presidency of the Republic of Bolivia, Mrs Elsa
Luengo, Representative of the Secretary-General of the Andean Community,
Andean Vice-ministers, officials of statistical offices of the Latin-American
countries, representatives of international multilateral and bilateral cooperation,
ladies and gentlemen,

It is an honour, after all the setbacks, to be in this beautiful, welcoming city, , to
take part in this first PARIS21 workshop for the Andean Community.

Much as I would have been delighted to continue my address in Spanish, this time
I shall carry on in English for the sake of your ears.

The PARIS21 Consortium was launched in November 1999 by the United Nations,
the OECD, the World Bank, the IMF and the European Commission in response to
a resolution of the United Nations Economic and Social Council on indicators and
strengthening of statistical capacity. PARIS21 was designed to act as a catalyst
with the objective of promoting in all countries, and especially developing
countries, a culture of formulating policies and supervision based on evidence.

The Consortium is made up of analysts, policymakers in national governments,
donor institutions, the private sector, NGOs and civil society, an association of
statisticians of the Central Statistical offices and offices of the substantive ministry,
data processing experts and users of data in general.

It is an association of those who believe that quality information is crucial to the
design, implementation and evaluation of strategies for economic development
and poverty reduction.

I would like to concentrate on four points:

Policy

We have usually regarded the problem of statistics from a technical perspective
despite the fact that the problems of the statistical system are mostly of a policy
nature. The provision of statistics is justified by their crucial importance to the
planning and success of economic development. Development policies and
programmes will not be effective without quantitative information. Policymakers
are the main users of statistics and thus key protagonists in the operation of
National Statistical Systems.


                                                                                         22
Better use of data

One of the key functions of statisticians is to provide statistical information to
reduce poverty. The delegates from Bolivia, Pedro Sainz and Javier Herrera will
speak on these subjects during the workshop. Allow me to outline the key uses of
strategies in the global process of decision-making relating to poverty reduction
and development.

1. Analysis of poverty, including levels and trends, distribution, determining
   factors, geographical distribution, inequality and vulnerability.
2. Selected indicators related to the objective and establishment of a baseline.
3. Setting a quantitative objective for the selected indicator.
4. Monitoring poverty reduction strategies, inputs, outcomes and performance
   indicators.
5. Evaluating the effect of policies.
6. Providing information on the results to policymakers and civil society in
   general.

Dissemination policy

Statistics which are not used have no existence and the statisticians who produce
them are invisible. In many countries of the world, statistics are produced but are
not widely disseminated, or sometimes in a form that is not at all easy for the
users.

Dissemination is a key activity in a statistical system and the problems and
limitations of dissemination must be thoroughly addressed in developing the
statistical system.

I would like to appeal to the statistical community of the Andean Community and
all statisticians present to carry on disseminating data which gives rise to
enthusiasm and mega data, and make an extra effort to reach users and satisfy
their needs. And especially the needs of those who finance the statistical system.

Dissemination is (i) a first step to promoting better support for the statistical
system; (ii) an element in evaluating the system and (iii) a justification of the work
of developing those statistics.

The PARIS21 process

The PARIS21 principles of association recognise that the most important
contribution to development is made by the peoples and governments of
developing countries. We focus on country-level associations because we
recognise the need for each country to take ownership of this idea and be guided
by a shared and lasting international and local commitment and better coordinated
technical cooperation.

To reach countries, to share regional and international experiences, organisations
such as the Andean Community are of fundamental importance, These


                                                                                    23
subregional organisations have a dual role. Firstly, they provide support to
countries to improve their statistical systems and, secondly, they are an explicit
expression of the need to structure information for regional integration.

After this regional workshop, the countries of the Andean Community could
organise regional workshops, and PARIS21 is ready to assist them in any way it
can.

ADDRESS BY ELSA LUENGO TO THE FIRST PARIS21 WORKSHOP FOR THE
ANDEAN COMMUNITY

Mr Albert Leytón, Minister of the Presidency of the Republic of Bolivia, Mr Antoine
Simonpietri, Secretary of PARIS21, Andean Ministers, representatives of the
Latin-American countries, representatives of international multilateral and bilateral
cooperation, ladies and gentlemen,

I have the honour to represent the Secretary-General of the Andean Community,
Ambassador Sebastian Alegrett, who apologises that he is not able to be present
as he would have liked on this occasion, to thank the Republic of Bolivia for its
warm welcome to this beautiful city of Santa Cruz de la Sierra and the Secretary of
the PARIS21 Consortium for choosing the Andean Community to hold its first
event in Latin America.

The subject that brings us together, "Statistics for Poverty Reduction" is perhaps
one of the main challenges for the Andean Community, since our Presidents
meeting in Carabobo, Valencia Province, Venezuela on 24 June 2001 instructed
Ministers of Social Affairs to elaborate an integrated social development plan to
tackle the grave problems of poverty, exclusion and social inequality in the
subregion.

In June of the same year, the Presidents meeting in Machu Picchu undertook to
take measures to reduce poverty by at least 50 per cent by 2015. And at the
recent meeting of Andean Presidents, a few weeks ago in Santa Cruz de la Sierra,
they established as a priority, as recorded in the report of the meetings, to
advance the tasks on the social agenda, and instructed the responsible ministers
to meet in the next six months.

It will not be easy, honourable delegates, to implement these presidential
directives if we do not have a real commitment by the ministries involved and
without the support of international technical cooperation, to help achieve the
planned objectives.

We are confident that this event will help to define some guidelines to direct our
actions to achieve these goals. And if we have already completed some tasks,
and are not starting from zero, it is right and proper that from now on, our
achievements in the future should be monitored and evaluated, by means of
reliable and timely statistics and indicators.

For this we need a political commitment to strengthen the capacity of National
Statistical Systems, so as to provide better quality information for better decision-


                                                                                     24
making. That is why we consider that the international community of multilateral
and bilateral donors must play a crucial role and we hope to leave this workshop
with the confidence to pursue those objectives.

The Andean Community has 115 million inhabitants, some 36 per cent of them in
poor households, meaning that they have an unsatisfied basic need. This is one
way of measuring poverty. There are others, such as the poverty line, the human
development index, etc., but we choose this one because the statistical
information for the five countries is more readily available, but which is better?
Certainly, this will be highlighted in this meeting and other more technical
workshops to be held in the future.

It is important that these indicators should be standardised in the five countries,
and although there are certainly differences in the conditions and state of poverty,
we all share a common situation and the consequent social demands and constant
suffering of millions of people. And it is only by appropriate national policies and
through this shared vision of ours that we can pool experiences, instruments and
solutions to tackle a situation which in these times threatens not only political
stability but also governability.

We only have to look at the media to realise what is happening, not only in our
own countries but also in the rest of our Latin-American region and even beyond.
We would be blind if we and our politicians did not all take this on board and tackle
it.

The social investment undertaken by the countries of the Andean Community to
tackle poverty is certainly enormous, even if it is the private sector or a
multinational company that bears the cost, and a considerable part of the research
should be devoted to allocating these resources more precisely, This is what we
should achieve in this meeting, by strengthening the generation of indicators.

Ladies and gentlemen, it is we who are responsible for ensuring that this meeting
is a success and it will only be a success if it leads us to construct indicators that
will allow us to apply the huge resources to combat poverty properly and this will
only be possible through indicators for measuring it which allow our governments
to adopt the necessary measures to combat poverty in our countries. Let’s do it.

Thank you very much.

ADDRESS BY ALBERTO LEYTÓN, MINISTER OF THE PRESIDENCY

I would like to begin with a warm welcome to you to our country and the city of
Santa Cruz for this first PARIS21 workshop for the Andean Community, with
representatives of all the countries of the Andean Community, as well as other
countries in the region, to share this first discussion and analysis of Statistical
Information Systems. I would also like to apologise for the fact that a few weeks
ago it was necessary to ask you to postpone the event which was to have taken
place in February. However, due to events and problems with natural disasters in
the country, we had to postpone. I want to thank the PARIS21 Secretariat and the



                                                                                     25
Andean Community for this opportunity to join in sponsoring and to host this first
workshop and this first discussion.

I would like to highlight the work of the organisers who contributed and worked so
hard to bring it about. This, I believe, offers us a great opportunity to work
together, and one we must grasp in these three days, and take this opportunity to
share experiences on a subject that is becoming increasingly important and
influential in our countries’ public policy. In countries like Bolivia and the countries
of the Andean Region, we are committed to this common objective of combating
and reducing poverty against a background where the world attaches ever more
priority and devotes ever more attention to this objective. I believe, as the two
previous speakers said, that statistical systems, statistical information and
monitoring systems are an increasingly important and valuable instrument.
Indeed, it is an essential instrument in pursuing these kinds of policies.

I would like to stress its importance in two areas, both also mentioned by the
previous two speakers. The first is the need to strengthen and enhance the our
countries’ technical capacity to develop increasingly precise indicators, develop
methods and apply technologies that provide us with a better opportunity to
generate information. I believe that sharing the experience of different countries is
very valuable in this respect.

But there is a second dimension which we should also consider and treat with due
importance, as was also said earlier, and that is the need to stress the
dissemination of indicators and statistical information and making them more
accessible to society This information is very useful in designing public policies in
cabinets, but it must also be made user-friendly and used by civil society, by
users, citizens, etc. Here it is perhaps worth noting, by way of anecdote, what
happened once in Bolivia when the INE, the National Institute for Statistics which
is the Office responsible for statistics once issued the inflation figures through the
ICPD and told us that inflation was very low, sometimes negative, because the
Consumer Price Index showed us that prices had in some cases been falling.
Society’s and the public’s reaction to that kind of purely technical statement can
sometimes be hostile. A good many of them said, fine, if that is how it is, we will
go and do our shopping at the INE because it seems goods are cheaper there,
and elsewhere in and society and the marketplace, they do not necessarily see
things that way. I think that this in some way illustrates the urgent need to make
statistical information user-friendly, the need to make the information closer to the
normal experience of the public.

Having mentioned these as just a few ideas that may emerge from the work that
certainly needs to be done during the next three days, I hope that we can work
hard and closely together, come to conclusions of importance to our countries and
to our statistical information systems. And with that, I now declare the First
PARIS21 Workshop for the Andean Community open.

                                Thank you very much.




                                                                                      26
                                 ANNEX III

FIRST REGIONAL WORKSHOP OF PARIS21 FOR THE ANDEAN
COMMUNITY
STRENGTHENING STATISTICAL CAPACITY
FOR MONITORING POVERTY REDUCTION
13-15 May 2002
Santa Cruz de la Sierra, Bolivia


                                 AGENDA

Day 1 - Monday, 13 May 2002

                Registration of participants
08:00 – 09:00
                Opening of the Workshop

09:00 – 09:10   Address by the Secretary of the PARIS21 Consortium
                0U $QWRLQH 6LPRQSLHWUL

09:10 - 09:20   Address by the Secretary-General of the Andean Community
                $PEDVVDGRU 6HEDVWLiQ $OHJUHWW

09:20 – 09:40   Inauguration of the event by His Excellency, the President of
                the Republic of Bolivia
                0U -RUJH 4XLURJD 5DPtUH]



                Session I: Development in the International Context

                Presentation by the PARIS21 Secretariat
09:40-10:00     0U %DKMDW $FKLNEDFKH

                Session II: Poverty Reduction

10:00 – 10:30   Concept of Poverty and the Response from the National
                Statistical System
                0U 3HGUR 6DHQ]

10:30 – 11:10   Presentation of the Bolivian Poverty Reduction Strategy and
                need to strengthen the Bolivian National Statistical System
                'HOHJDWLRQ RI %ROLYLD


11:10 – 11:30   Coffee break

11:30 – 12:00


                                                                                27
                Discussion on the presentation from Bolivia


12:00 – 12:30   Presentation on monetary and subjective poverty
                0U -DYLHU +HUUHUD ',$/

12:30 – 14:00   Lunch

14:00 – 14:30   Presentation on the Millennium Declaration
                0U 6WHIDQ 6FKZHLQIHVW 8QLWHG 1DWLRQV


                Session III: Employment and Informal Sector

14:30 – 15:10   Presentation on Employment and the Informal Sector and
                need to strengthen Colombia’s National Statistical System
                'HOHJDWLRQ RI &RORPELD

15:10 – 15:30   Discussion on the presentation of Colombia

15:30 – 15:50   Presentation of the Measurement of Living Conditions
                (MECOVI) Programme, Lessons Learned;
                0U +DHGXFN /HH :RUOG %DQN


15:50 – 16:10   Coffee break

                Session IV: Rural Development


16:10 – 16:50   Presentation on Rural Development and need to strengthen
                Ecuador’s National Statistical System
                'HOHJDWLRQ RI (FXDGRU

16:50 – 17:10   Discussion on the presentation of Ecuador

20:00           Welcome Reception at Hotel Los Tajibos

Day 2 - Tuesday 14 May 2002

                Session V: Other Dimensions of Poverty

08:30 – 09:10   Presentation of Other Dimensions of Poverty, Evaluation and
                Statistical Development Needs
                'HOHJDWLRQ RI 3HUX

09:10 – 09:30   Discussion on the presentation of Peru

09:30 – 10.00   PRSP methodology
                0U -XDQ &DUORV 5HTXHQD


                                                                              28
10:00 – 10:20   Methodology for Monitoring and Evaluation of Public Policies
                0U -RKQ 1HZPDQ :RUOG %DQN

10:20 – 10:40   Coffee break

                Session VI: Public Health

10:40 – 11:20   Presentation on Public Health and Needs of the National
                Statistical System
                'HOHJDWLRQ RI 9HQH]XHOD

11:20 – 11:40   Discussion on the presentation of Venezuela

                Session VII: Integrated Social Development Programme
                of the Andean Community

11:40 – 12:00   Presentation of the Andean Community Social Agenda
                0U )UDQFLVFR 3DUHMD 6HFUHWDULDW *HQHUDO RI WKH $QGHDQ
                &RPPXQLW\

12:00 – 12:30   Presentation of the Andean Community Statistical Programme
                2000 – 2004
                0U *XLOOHUPR /HFDURV $QGHDQ &RPPXQLW\

12:30 – 14:00   Lunch

14:00 – 17:00   Working groups on Improving Statistical Capacities and
                Development

                Introductory briefing on the themes to be addressed in the five
                working groups (10 minutes in plenary session per group):

                Group 1: Strategies for developing National Statistical
                       Systems:.
                       Facilitator: Gilberto Moncada, INEI Peru

                Group 2: Population Census for 2010, Surveys and
                        Administrative Records
                        Facilitator: Philippe Pommier, France

                Group 3: Training and Human Resources
                        Facilitators: Guillermo Lecaros, Secretariat of the
                        Andean Community; De Castro Puente, INE, Spain

                Group 4: Statistical Harmonisation
                        Facilitators: Ernesto Azorin, EUROSTAT; Enrique
                        Ordaz, ECLAC

                Group 5: Data Dissemination and Quality.


                                                                              29
                          Facilitator: Bahjat Achikbache, PARIS21 Secretariat

17:00 – 17:20   Coffee break

17:20 – 17:40   Presentation of Recommendations and Action Plan for the
                short and medium term by the reporter from each working
                group.


Day 3 - Wednesday 15 May 2002


08:30 – 09:00   Other regional integration mechanisms

                Conclusions: Agreements reached

09:00 – 09:20   Bolivia

09:20 – 09:40   Colombia

09:40 – 10:00   Ecuador

10:00 – 10:20   Peru

10:20 – 10:40   Venezuela

10:40 – 12:30   Break

12:30 – 13:00   Reading of the Final Report of the 1st PARIS21 Workshop for
                the Andean Community

                Closing ceremony

13:00 – 13:15   &ORVLQJ RI WKH HYHQW E\ 0U -RVH /XLV /XSR 0LQLVWHU RI WKH
                3UHVLGHQF\ RI %ROLYLD

13:15 – 14:30   Lunch




                                                                                30
                                       ANNEX IV

  CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS OF THE WORKING GROUPS

WORKING GROUP 1
Strategies for developing National Statistical Systems
                   Facilitator: Gilberto Moncada, INEI, Peru
                   Reporter:    Miguel Angel Corneto, INEC, El Salvador

The task of this Group is to consider two of the objectives of PARIS21 that
countries address in developing their statistical systems. One is that activities are
not determined by external financiers, and that international cooperation must
support countries in defining their master plans for statistical development. The
other is linked to raising awareness among policymakers so that national budgets
can progressively finance statistical development. Initially full external funding is
needed for a few years, after which the country assumes full responsibility and
international cooperation only supports human resources training and exchange of
experiences, and other lesser activities.

PROBLEMS IDENTIFIED                           OBJECTIVES IDENTIFIED
1. Limited technical capacity of national     Strengthening technical capacity of
   institutes for statistics                  institutions that produce statistics
2. Lack of adequate statistical planning      Emphasis on planning of national
                                              statistical activities
3. Limited capacity for coordinating
   technical standards in national
   institutes for statistics among
   elements of National Statistical
   Systems
4. Lack of articulation of production of
   statistics with public policies
5. Little independence from the political     Strengthening the autonomy of
   authorities                                institutions that produce statistics
6. Insufficient knowledge of demand for       Identifying and satisfying demand for
   statistical information                    statistical information.
                                              Creation and strengthening of a critical
                                              mass of users
7. Limited credibility of institutions that   Democratisation of the production of
   produce public statistics                  statistics

PRINCIPAL STRATEGY

The principal strategy for strengthening national institutes for statistics relies on
satisfying user demand for information. Generating a critical mass of users
(satisfied clients) will provide a natural support for national statistical management
which will be reflected in greater credibility and sustainability of statistical activity,
mainly with public financing.

WORKING GROUP 2
Population Census for 2010, surveys and administrative records


                                                                                        31
                    Facilitator:   Philippe Pommier, France
                    Reporter:      Jorge García, INE, Venezuela

This is a concern of many governments and civil society, since in almost all
countries, carrying out a census requires resort to international cooperation. The
issue is to consider the advantages and disadvantages of an alternative to
traditional censuses, the role of administrative records, household surveys and the
integration of territorial and sectoral information and, among other things, seeking
methods that combine these elements. This requires a study by experts, linking
the analysis to public policy issues.

Problem                                    Expected results
1. Lack of quality and timeliness of       Improvement of administrative records
   administrative records                  in coordination with organisations that
                                           generate them
2. Improving administrative records in     Integration of administrative records,
   coordination with organisations that    censuses and surveys with
   generate them                           geographical information systems
3. Lack of structural information in       Promoting continuous survey systems
   between-census periods                  as a mechanism for updating
                                           information in periods between
                                           censuses
4. Lack of sample frameworks and           Systematic updating of pre-census
   guidelines                              information (mapping, recording of
                                           buildings) as an input for the elaboration
                                           and maintenance of sample frameworks
                                           and guidelines
5. Lack of harmonisation and               Promote exchange of information
   knowledge of methodologies              between countries, with respect to the
   between countries                       compiling and monitoring of
                                           administrative records.
                                           Promote sharing of experience between
                                           countries of the Andean Community in
                                           order to enhance information from
                                           continuous surveys.
6. Lack of use of Geographical             Promote Geographical Information
   Information System Technologies         Systems and update them as a constant
   (GIS)                                   mapping exercise
                                           Strengthen exchanges between users,
                                           producers and the Government in
                                           generating the information system for
                                           monitoring poverty


WORKING GROUP 3
Training and Human Resources
                Facilitator: Miguel A. de Castro Puente, INE, Spain
                Reporter:    Gladys Quiñones, DANE, Colombia




                                                                                  32
This is one of the principal structural themes. Improving the statistical capacity of
National and Community Statistical Systems requires a strategy to establish a
training policy to provide appropriate training in statistical systems for human
resources in the light of their needs, depending on the type of surveys carried out,
the institutional organisation and the human resources management policy.

We begin by analysing the training activities provided in all institutes and
international support for developing the training programme.

1. Problem identified:

   Human resources engaged in the production of statistics do not have the
   required statistical training.

       1.1 Objective identified: to train producers of statistics in the National
           Statistical System, especially those in middle-level positions.

       1.2 Expected results: better quality and transparency in the preparation of
           statistics.

       1.3 Project: to develop a training plan managed by the Institute for Statistics.

       1.4 Obstacles to implementation: human resources, financial and time
           constraints.

2. Problem Identified:

   Lack of a statistical culture among users because they do not know how
   to interpret data.

       2.1 Objective identified: to train all users, especially journalists and
           researchers.

       2.2 Expected results: correct interpretation of statistics.

       2.3 Project: permanent cycle of talks and lectures on the various published
           indicators.

       2.4 Obstacles to implementation: financial constraints.

Conclusion: there should be a continuous and stable training programme for all
the institutes and users with the collaboration of international organisations.


WORKING GROUP 4
Statistical Harmonisation
                 Facilitators:      Ernesto Azorín, EUROSTAT
                                    Enrique Ordaz, ECLAC
                   Reporter:        Galo Arias, INEC, Ecuador



                                                                                    33
The aim is to contribute to reflection on the need to harmonise the production of
statistics, as a basic element of international comparability and aggregation of
statistics in economic blocks. Many efforts have been made in this area by the
United Nations, EUROSTAT and other international organisations, as well as
multilateral and bilateral cooperation. The Community Statistical programme
2000-2004 established by Decision 488 of the Commission of the Andean
Community is an instrument whose main provisions include statistical
harmonisation. The problems that arise in this area are lack of a common
conceptual framework, lack of suitably qualified human resources and financial
resources to implement them.

   1. Common political will conducive to harmonisation
      a. Harmonisation between countries, strengthening groupings such as the
         Andean Parliament as a framework for sustainable harmonisation.

   2. Importance of the NSS with respect to aspects of statistical harmonisation
      a. Mechanisms: organisation, coordination, articulation within countries.

   3. Evaluation of the cost of harmonisation compared with the cost of not
      harmonising.
      a. Availability of resources
      b. Good practice: transparency
      c. Availability of tools for comparison, design of policies and actions to
         combat poverty.

2EVWDFOHV

1. Confidentiality: limits on privacy
2. Infrastructure: technology
3. Resources: dialogue forums; heterogeneous human resources;
   heterogeneous definitions and treatment of rural and urban areas
4. Non-existence of Community legislation to support the process
5. Will of the participants to commit themselves to harmonisation without the need
   to resort to law.


WORKING GROUP 5
Data Dissemination and Quality
                Facilitator:  Raul Suarez de Miguel, Switzerland
                Reporter:     Luz Dary Madroneros, Canal Caracol, Colombia

The aim is to generate guidelines to allow users appropriate and impartial access
to statistical information for the purposes of evaluation and monitoring of public
policies in general, to allow the formulation of strategic policies and lead to better
decision-making by policymakers and authorities. This information must be timely,
reliable, regular and of good quality to meet users’ requirements.

On the quality aspect, the aim is to produce objective and independent statistics,
free of any pressure by political parties or other special interest groups, in
particular with regard to the choice of techniques, definitions and methods most


                                                                                     34
appropriate to achieve the defined objectives. It also means that statistics must
reflect as fairly as possible the reality they seek to represent; using scientific
criteria in the choice of methods and procedures and generating information on
their scope.

QUALITY

1. Credibility of the data

   Statistical institutions do not always follow the same methodology so that
   results may vary over very short periods of time, and this creates more
   confusion and undermines the credibility of the data and the bodies which
   publish such figures.

   Likewise, the credibility of the figures is also affected by the lack of training of
   the people working in the organisation and of those who collect the data. This
   training should be continuous, in order to keep abreast of changes in
   methodology and technology.

   Statistical institutes must clearly define the profiles of the people who work in
   them, as well as those hired for specific tasks, such as data collection.

   Researchers and journalists consider that they should have more access to the
   figures, since not all are available to them. For them, this creates a climate of
   scepticism concerning published figures.

   Precisely to improve the quality of data, it is recommended to seek quality
   standards, such as ISO 9001.

2. Legal framework of statistical institutions

   In general, laws on statistics are obsolete and not relevant to present-day
   realities. It is suggested that they should be amended to give greater
   independence to the statistics issuing body.

   To maintain their independence, statistical organisations should regard
   governments as just another user of data.

   The independence of statistical institutes also depends on their budgets. It is
   feared that directors of such entities may submit to government demands to
   avoid budget cuts.

   Another way of maintaining the quality of statistical institutions is the creation of
   supervisory boards. This supervision should be exercised through legal as well
   as technical instruments.

3. Existence of records

   As national statistical institutions are not the only ones to carry our surveys and
   publish statistics, a single format should be established for those who carry


                                                                                       35
   them out. The institute should be responsible for coordinating all entities
   interested in producing such records.

4. Quantity of information

   For researchers and journalists it is better to work with few but significant data.
   It is thus better to have few questions and make them effective, and not have
   an unlimited quantity which is very slow to process and thus prevents rapid
   decision-making and policy formulation. Quantity frequently conflicts with the
   quality of data.

   The main conclusion on this item is that data is not necessarily information, and
   it is information that leads to the adoption of policies.

5. Scope

   The scope of surveys is becoming narrower. There are some countries where
   a large number of people remain excluded from the records and this leads to a
   loss of credibility of the results.

6. Timeliness of data

   This point aroused considerable discussion. Statistical institutes must provide
   structural or current responses.

   Some researchers need data that can be used to solve structural problems.

   A statistical culture must be created, so that people know what to ask from
   statistical bodies, because they do not cover the whole universe of information.

   The speed with which survey results are demanded can lead to distortion of the
   results and thus the generation of policies to solve problems.

7. Centralisation or decentralisation

   Another aspect that generated considerable discussion in the working group
   was whether data collection and processing should be centralised or
   decentralised, concentrated or distributed.

8. Timetable

   To give greater credibility to figures, it is necessary to keep to a timetable for
   the publishing of statistical results. Most countries have established timetables.

9. Sale of information

   Another point that generated much discussion was the sale of data. Here it
   was concluded that it is very important to segregate information which can be
   sold.



                                                                                    36
   This would also generate income which could be used to strengthen other
   programmes of the entity.

10. Training of journalists

   Continuous training should be provided for journalists in order to avoid
   misinterpretation of data by them.




                                                                              37
                                      ANNEX V

     NATIONAL STRATEGIES FOR DEVELOPING NATIONAL STATISTICAL
                            SYSTEMS

BOLIVIA

In these two days’ work we have shared our experiences and the expert
knowledge of eminent specialists in the various subjects addressed in this
important workshop. I would like to emphasise that this important initiative by
PARIS21 has brought together public policymakers, users and producers of
statistical information and shown the value to our countries of having such forums.

On behalf of my delegation, I would like now to present the challenges which we
believe we must tackle in the short, medium and long-term future. At the same
time, it is important to stress that several of the objectives set out below are
already in the process of being achieved.

I.     ACTION PLAN

1.1 INSTITUTIONALISATION OF THE NATION STATISTICAL INFORMATION
    SYSTEM

Consolidation of the independence of the National Statistical Information System
through institutionalisation:

(a) updating the legislative framework                           May 02 Nov 02
(b) generating the conditions to allow the National Institute    Jan 03 June 03
    for Statistics to fully assume the role of standardisation
    and management of the national statistical information
    system
(c) generating mechanisms for allocating resources to            Oct 02   Sept 03
    ensure the financial sustainability of statistical
    operations
(d) identifying and assigning powers and responsibilities of     May 02 Nov 02
    the bodies that make up the national statistical
    information system under a decentralised system
(e) Achieve the autonomy of the National Institute for           Nov 02   Feb 03
    Statistics
(f) Achieve ISO 9000 certification for the main statistical;     June 03 Dec 04
    production processes.

1.2 SUPPORT FOR PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION


(a) Creating coordinating bodies between the national            May 02 Dec 02
    statistical information system and public and private
    users, replicating the PARIS21 model
(b) Promoting links between the processes of formulation,        June 02 May 03
    follow-up, monitoring and evaluation of public policies


                                                                                    38
    and generation of statistical information
(c) Promoting the creating and implementation of               May 02 Dec 03
    municipal information systems
(d) Developing initiatives to achieve credibility in the       May 02 Dec 04
    process of production of statistics and the benefits of
    taking informed decisions

1.3 DEMOCRATISATION OF INFORMATION

(a) Make the process of producing statistics transparent       May 02 Dec 03
(b) Ensure that statistical information is regarded as a       May 02 Nov 02
    public asset
(c) Use all available means to allow the user access to        May 02 Oct 02
    information
(d) Make the Statistical Plan and the Information              June 02 Dec 02
    Dissemination Plan accessible to society
(e) Disseminate statistical information in a form more         May 02    Apr 03
    understandable by the bulk of the population

1.4 IMPROVING THE RELEVANCE OF STATISTICS

(a) Create technical capacity in regional offices for the      Jan 03 June 04
    production and dissemination of regional statistics
(b) Strengthen administrative records and promote the          May 02 Dec 03
    creation of those necessary
(c) Design and implement household surveys at municipal        Oct 02 Dec 03
    level
(d) Harmonise statistical operations: censuses,                June 02 Dec 02
    administrative records and surveys
(e) Generate short-term municipal information for              Jan 03    Dec 03
    municipal governments to allow them to analyse trends
    in monitoring their policies
(f) Constantly update frameworks and guidelines for            Oct 03    Dec 04
    statistical operations
(g) Consolidate the development and constant updating of       May 02    Oct 02
    the Geographical Information System which is
    integrated in a multidimensional information database
    generated from censuses, surveys and administrative
    records
(h) Ensure that measuring poverty is not confined to a         July 02   June 03
    summary indicator, but is represented by statistics that
    take account of the multiple causes and multiple
    dimensions of the phenomenon

II CONDITIONS FOR IMPLEMENTING THE PLAN OF ACTION

2.1 Factors favourable to achieving the planned objectives

1. Growing importance of the use of statistics as a guide in better decision-
   making, for example the Bolivian Poverty Reduction Strategy


                                                                                   39
2. Support from international cooperation to strengthen the capacity of National
   Statistical Systems.
3. Efforts of regional integration models designed to achieve harmonisation of
   statistics
4. Technological advances that allow better access to and use of information.

2.2 Factors adverse to achieving the planned objectives

1. Considering the production of statistics as an expense, not an investment limits
   access to the necessary resources.
2. General view that statistics must be financed by central government exclusively
   despite the decentralisation of management and public investment to
   municipalities.
3. Lack of credibility of official statistics because they are produced by a
   government institution.
4. Lack of a statistical culture at all levels.
5. Low level of use of statistical information.

II.   INFORMATION SYSTEM FOR THE MONITORING AND EVALUATION
      OF PUBLIC POLICIES TO REDUCE POVERTY

In the course of the workshop we believe that the guidelines considered in the
system of monitoring and evaluation of the Bolivian Poverty Reduction Strategy
presented on the first day have been ratified, the most relevant aspects being:

1. Close coordination with national institutions responsible for the implementation
   of actions and monitoring to reduce poverty, with the aim of producing relevant
   information.
2. Generating public indicators for the short and medium-term evaluation of
   municipal management for the use of municipalities and social control
   institutions.
3. Ensuring that those who administer public policies use qualitative and
   quantitative information as a public management tool to guide its actions and
   achieve efficient public investment.
4. Providing elements to focus public actions at municipal level for the most
   vulnerable groups.
5. Having information to reward efficiency and correct distortions, generating
   successful models of municipal management.

COLOMBIA

BACKGROUND

Colombia does not at present have a law on statistics. By government decree, the
national statistical administrative department, DANE, is the administrator of the
statistical system.

In the last two years, DANE has been working on the restructuring of the National
Statistical Information System, and has undertaken two kinds of action.



                                                                                   40
The first involved a preliminary diagnostic of the state of statistical information in
Colombia and preparation of a proposal document for the restructuring of the
System. The second consisted of practical work to design and implement
methodologies for the preparation of statistical plans at sectoral and local
(departmental and municipal) level and the creation of integrated information
products with other institutions, a territorial information system and elaboration of
regulations and standards.

In addition, there was progress in integrating the information held by the four
environmental, geographical, geological and socio-economic bodies that produce
information in Colombia, both joint products and a proposal for the creation of a
national information system.

As a result of this work, an international seminar is planned with the participation
of representatives of both the public and the private sector to be held on 29 May
next to publicise and launch the proposed strategy for the restructuring of the
National Statistical System and begin formulating the national statistical plan.

I.     PROPOSED STRATEGIC ACTIONS

Basic premises and approaches

1. We reaffirm DANE’s role as the lead agency in the system, especially in
   methodologies and standardisation.
2. We conceive a system in which other Colombian entities apart from DANE
   produce statistical information for the system.
3. We accept that a legal framework is necessary to resolve problems and define
   responsibilities, but this must not be an essential precondition for the initial
   operation of the system, but rather a product of the work of the system itself.
4. The system must have modern information mechanisms to avoid duplication
   and facilitate integration, distribution and decentralisation of information to local
   level based in precise statistical plans and regulations.
5. The National Statistical System must be fully integrated into statistical systems
   and international cooperation and comply with standards, using technologies
   which allow interconnectivity, coordination of actions with international agendas
   and harmonisation of statistical work.
6. The national system will create a formal institutional structure to allow the
   establishment of control and support systems for the system itself and the
   institutions of which it is composed, such as sectoral advisory councils.

Basic actions:

1. Use the framework of the seminar planned for 29 May during the launch of the
   National Statistical System to present analytical models to the meeting,
   promote PARIS21 approaches to cooperation and commitments to the Andean
   Community and highlight the international relationships of the System.




                                                                                       41
2. Hold a presidential level meeting with the participation of PARIS21 and the
   Andean Community by September 2002 at the latest to promote the general
   strategies of the system and secure the support of the Colombian Government
   at the highest level and its inclusion in the new Development Plan.
3. Design and lead, through DANE, sectoral workshops between September and
   November 2002 with appropriate methodologies and participation of
   representatives of government, trade unions and productive sectors, social
   sectors, the academic world, civil society and the media to publicise the
   proposal, analyse the preliminary diagnostic and statistical information
   priorities, and prepare proposals both in terms of priorities and actions for
   presentation to a national meeting.
4. Hold a national meeting around November 2002 with representatives of
   government, trade unions and productive sectors, social sectors, the academic
   world, civil society and the media, and with the support of PARIS21 and the
   Andean Community to agree approaches, objectives and targets, strategies
   and priorities for the National Statistical System in the medium term based on
   the work of the sectoral workshops.
5. Present the results of the national meeting to the National Council for
   Economic and Social Policy (CONPES) about February 2003, with the
   necessary recommendations for approval in the CONPES document, including
   responsibility for the system and commitments of resources and institutional
   arrangements necessary for the system to operate formally.
6. Devise the work plan for the development of the National Statistical System,
   which must also address the technical aspects and statistical priorities for
   Colombia, both in censuses and administrative records, a continuous training
   plan for all components of the systems, an international technical cooperation
   plan to strengthen the capacity of the system, and must identify mechanisms to
   build inter-institutional partnerships, for example with universities, chambers of
   commerce, research centres, at both national and local level, and define
   modern mechanisms for integrated dissemination of information and metadata
   at national and local level.
7. Prepare and hold a second national meeting with the same participants around
   November 2003 to carry out an initial joint evaluation of the system and put
   forward recommendations for improving it.


II.   FACTORS FAVOURABLE AND ADVERSE TO THE IMPLEMENTATION
      OF THE PROPOSED STRATEGIC ACTIONS
1. ADVERSE:
1. Changes due to the political changes in the country which could affect DANE.
2. Lack of adequate financial resources to strengthen the capacity of the system
   for the production and dissemination of information.
3. External factors due to armed conflict.


2. FAVOURABLE:



                                                                                  42
1. The climate to start operating the system from the start of a new presidential
   term.
2. DANE’s technical capacity which has been supported in international
   cooperation programmes of countries such as France and Canada and
   multilateral organisations and probable quality certification under
   ISO 9001-2000.
3. DANE’s physical infrastructure and technology.
4. DANE’s regional structure, with branches in 6 regions and 16 sub-branches
   covering the whole country.
5. The timeliness of the 2003 Census which will bring in additional resources as
   well as information to the system.
6. The good capacity of the Colombian academic sector, private and trade union
   research centres, which provide researchers and experts for the system.
7. Colombia’s telecommunications structure and Internet.


III.   HOW TO GENERATE AN INFORMATION SYSTEM FOR THE
       MONITORING AND EVALUATION OF PUBLIC POLICIES AIMED AT
       POVERTY REDUCTION
1. In Colombia, the operation of three mechanisms is required to evaluate public
   policy: the first is directed and administered by the National Planning
   Department, the second consists of control mechanisms operated by civil
   society and the third the internal functions of the public sector control
   agencies, all of which are covered by Colombian law.
2. As well as the country’s internal monitoring and evaluation, it is necessary to
   facilitate monitoring and evaluation by interested parties at international level.
3. As DANE is responsible for supplying official statistics for Colombia, it must
   ensure conditions or equality in the provision of official information to these
   control and evaluation agencies.
4. At local level, support and training actions must be conceived and planned to
   raise the level of use of statistical information in the development of their
   regional plans.
5. It is necessary to harmonise and integrate the different systems for measuring
   poverty including the proposed standard of living index for Colombia, to
   facilitate its use in taking timely decisions.
6. Encouragement must be given to reinforcing the strategy of social
   observatories (some are currently operating at local level in Colombia
   promoted by the United Nations, with the participation of DANE and other
   organisations) to generate areas of integration of information and analysis of
   the phenomenon of poverty at national and local level with the participation of
   producers and users.
7. Encouragement must be given to establishing modern geo-referenced social
   indicators to facilitate open access to information at national and local level.




                                                                                      43
ECUADOR


I.       STRATEGIC ACTIONS
      (VWDEOLVKLQJ 6WDWH LQYHVWPHQW to develop a National Statistical System (NSS)
      which prioritises the generation of information to combat poverty and
      disseminate that information more widely.
      6WLPXODWLQJ DQG SURPRWLQJ WUDLQLQJ of human resources assigned to
      research and strengthening the NSS.
      Modernising statistical surveys, standardising methodologies and broadening
      the dissemination of NSS by updating the Law on Statistics.
      Strengthening NSS institutionally and technologically WR RUJDQLVH GHPDQG
      DQG UHJXODWH WKH SURYLVLRQ RI VHFWRUDO VWDWLVWLFV LQ D IUDPHZRUN RI
      RQJRLQJ LQWHULQVWLWXWLRQDO FRRUGLQDWLRQ.
      Set up a VWDWLVWLFDO REVHUYDWRU\ RI KXPDQ GHYHORSPHQW DQG
      FRPSHWLWLYHQHVV DV ZHOO DV D JHRJUDSKLFDO LQIRUPDWLRQ V\VWHP *,6 IRU
      ZKLFK SXUSRVH WHFKQLFDO FRRSHUDWLRQ ZLOO EH UHTXLUHG.


II.      FAVOURABLE AND ADVERSE FACTORS
1. FACTORS ADVERSE TO THE PROPOSED STRATEGIC ACTIONS
(a) the use of information technology to process statistical data is not widespread.
(b) Lack of methodological guidance (instructions, procedures manuals) on
    generating statistics.
(c) Unacceptable delays in the provision of statistics.
(d) Lack of statistical coordination.
(e) An out-of-date Law on Statistics.


2. FACTORS FAVOURABLE TO THE PROPOSED STRATEGIC ACTIONS
(a) INEC is implementing a programme to strengthen the NSS using resources
    form the IADB loan 1296 OC/EC.
(b) The execution of the agricultural and livestock census (2002) and the
    Population and Housing census (2001) provided INEC with the capacity to
    manage cartographic and statistical information to sampling structures.
(c) INEC and the Social Front have an agreement for the elaboration of social
    policy instruments.




                                                                                    44
             The system for the monitoring and evaluation of public policies
             El Sistema de Seguimiento y Evaluaci ón de las Pol íticas Públicas
                     para la reducci ón de la pobreza debe contemplar:
                              on poverty reduction must address:

                0DQDJHPHQW RI VSDFH
               (O PDQHMR GHO HVSDFLR                      /D PHGLFL yQ VHFWRULDO
                                                          6HFWRUDO PHDVXUHPHQW
              6WDWLVWLFDO JHRJUDSK\
                               t
              *HRJUDI tD HVWDGtVWLFD               &HQVXVHV VXUYH\V DQG UHFRUGV
                                                     &HQVRV HQFXHVWDV \ UHJLVWURV


    16.887 URBAN CENSUS SECTORS                                    162.000
    13.933 RURAL CENSUS SECTORS                            AGRICULTURE/LIVESTOCK
                                                                PRODUCTION
                                                                    UNITS
       12.277 AGRICULTURE/LIVESTOCK
                      SEGMENTS                                 ONE MILLION
                (2 SQUARE KILOMETRES                             RURAL
                                                               HOUSEHOLDS




III.      THE SYSTEM FOR THE MONITORING AND EVALUATION OF PUBLIC
          POLICIES ON POVERTY REDUCTION MUST INCLUDE:


1. Strategic partnerships between INEC and the Social Front to strengthen
   household surveys and administrative records.
2. A library of social databases to allow democratic consultation.
3. Continuing inter-institutional efforts to develop a social accounting system, as
   an instrument for evaluating the impact of public policies on poverty and
   incomes distribution, and standardisation and planning of the NSS.
4. The use of household surveys as an instrument for evaluating the impact of
   social programmes.


PERU


PRINCIPAL OBJECTIVES                                                       Short- Medium Long-
                                                                            term   -term term
•      Approval of the new NSS Law
                                                                            X
•      Carrying out the 2003 population and housing census
                                                                                       X
•      Standardising codes, nomenclature and definitions
                                                                            X
•      Promoting the use of administrative records
                                                                                       X
•      Updating sampling guidelines and structures (enterprises and
       households)
                                                                                       X



                                                                                       45
•     Developing a system of social indicators combining various sources of
      information: censuses, surveys and administrative records
                                                                                           X


I. STRATEGIC ACTIONS TO DEVELOP THE NSS                                       Short- Medium     Long-
                                                                               term   -term      term
•     Preparing the national register of municipalities                        X
•     Decentralising statistical activities to departmental offices                    X
•     Strengthening the technical capacity of departmental statistical                 X
      offices
•     Improving conceptual and methodological frameworks                       X       X         X
•     Enhancing the role of the National School for Statistics and             X       X
      Information Technology
•     Developing training programmes for technical staff, officials and        X       X
      principal users
•     Developing technical cooperation programmes with other statistical       X       X
      institutions
•     Strengthening the capacity to undertake research and surveys                     X
•     Definition of policies on dissemination                                  X
•     Developing Peru’s statistical gateway                                    X
•     Strengthening the role of the Institutional Statistical Committee        X
•     Restructuring of the INEI                                                X
•     Raising the statistical culture of users and NSS informants                      X
•     Conduct of the Income and Expenditure Survey                                     X
•     Institutionalising as system of household surveys                                X
•     Developing a geo-statistical information system                                  X


II.      FAVOURABLE AND ADVERSE FACTORS
1. FACTORS FAVOURABLE TO THE STRATEGIC ACTIONS
         •   Institutional will
         •   Necessity of monitoring and evaluation of social policies
         •   Demands of the country’s decentralisation process
         •   Process of modernisation of the State structure
         •   Availability of sectoral databases
         •   Process of Andean integration
         •   Climate favourable to transparency and social supervision
         •   Investors demands for up-to-date and quality information
         •   Interest of international cooperation in strengthening statistical systems
         •   Information technology.


2. FACTORS ADVERSE TO THE STRATEGIC ACTIONS



                                                                                           46
           •   Limited budgetary resources
           •   Limited human resources capacity
           •   Lack of a basic statistical culture
           •   Lack of infrastructure and equipment
           •   Little value attached to statistical activities by policymaking authorities
           •   Dependency of the INEI management on the President of the Council of
               Ministers and its subjection to political changes.


III.       INFORMATION SYSTEM FOR THE MONITORING AND EVALUATION
           OF THE FIGHT AGAINST POVERTY
           Characteristics:
           •   Geographical coverage broken down into small areas
           •   Broad and flexible thematic coverage
           •   Incorporation in social programmes of a monitoring and evaluation
               component
           •   Development of analytical tools to evaluate the impact of social policies
           •   Easy and timely access to information
           •   Integration of available geographical data in preparing poverty maps.


VENEZUELA
I.         PRIORITY STRATEGIES
1. Development of institutions to manage the National Statistical System.
2. Consolidation of the process of decentralisation of production, processing and
   dissemination in Federal agencies.
3. Incorporating the economic dimension at state and municipal level
4. Encouraging links between the National Statistical System and users who are
   not-producers.
5. Support by international technical cooperation in strengthening the National
   Statistical System.
1. Development of institutions to manage the National Statistical System
       Short-term activities
       •   Disseminate the content of the Law on the Public Function of Statistics
           among organisations in the National Statistical System in a workshop with
           PARIS21 support.
       •   Launch the various organising institutions established by the Law on the
           Public Function of Statistics.
       •   Elaboration of the First National Statistical Plan.



                                                                                             47
   Medium and long-term activities
   •   Strengthening of organising institutions in the National Statistical System.
2. Consolidation of the process of decentralisation of production,
   processing and dissemination in Federal agencies
   Short-term activities
   •   Constantly improving administrative records
   •   Training and upgrading of human resources
   •   Technological upgrading
   •   Strengthening transfer of technology and know-how
   •   Consolidations of user support offices
   •   Strengthening the technological infrastructure
   Medium and long-term activities
   •   Strengthening state administrations
   •   Support for state and local development plans
   •   Promotion of new topics of research
3. Incorporating the economic dimension at state and municipal level
   Short-term activities
   •   Identification and diagnostic of sources
   •   Decentralise INE economic programmes.
   Medium and long-term activities
   •   Development of methodologies for calculating economic indicators.
4. Encouraging links between the National Statistical System and users who
   are not-producers
   Short-term activities
   •   Creation of pilot local observatories
   •   Systematically structuring experience
   •   Pilot scheme for the use of information centres (INFOCENTROs )for the
       dissemination of statistical information.
   Medium and long-term activities
   •   Extension and consolidation of local observatories
   •   Extension and consolidation of Infocentros for the dissemination of
       statistical information.
5. Support by international technical cooperation in strengthening the
   National Statistical System
   Short-term activities




                                                                                      48
       •   Presentation of plans and projects for financing by international cooperation
           agencies.
       •   Linking up with the statistical programme of the Andean Community of
           Nations.
       •   Consolidation of relations with international technical cooperation agencies.


II.        FACTORS FAVOURABLE AND ADVERSE TO THE PLAN
1. Favourable:
       •   Constitution of the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela (1999) and other laws
           of the Venezuelan State, notably the Law on National Planning (2002) and
           the Law on the Public Function of Statistics (2001).
       •   Installed capacity in some organisations making up the National Statistical
           System.
       •   Political decentralisation.
       •   Decentralisation of the National Institute for Statistics.
2. Adverse:
       •   Budgetary constraints.
       •   Lack of qualified human resources.
       •   Lack of a statistical culture.
III.       HOW TO CREATE A SYSTEM OF MONITORING AND EVALUATION OF
           THE FIGHT AGAINST POVERTY:
       Actions:
       •   Developing a system of social indicators drawn from indicators from various
           sources (administrative records, household surveys and research).
       •   Undertaking a research programme to measure the effectiveness and
           efficiency of social expenditure.
       •   Carrying out social surveys to evaluate the Strategic Social Plan at national
           and state level.
       •   Using the household survey sample programme sample for national and
           state monitoring of the Strategic Social Plan.
       •   Developing training schemes in the formulation and management of
           monitoring and evaluation systems.
       •   Developing technological infrastructure to create the monitoring and
           evaluation system.
       •   Including the organising institutions within the framework of the Social
           Cabinet for monitoring and evaluation.




                                                                                      49

				
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posted:10/9/2011
language:English
pages:49