VIEWS: 4 PAGES: 31 POSTED ON: 10/8/2011
Terms to know: Hamartia • The tragic flaw that causes the downfall of a tragic hero. Catharsis • Emotional relief or purification that an audience was supposed to experience upon watching a Greek tragedy. Notebook Assignment, Antigone, Scenes 3-5 How does King Creon try to give Antigone a chance to avoid her fate in the first part of the play? A: Creon asks Antigone, “Have you heard the decree?” This gives her the opportunity to say, “No,” but since she is not interested in saving herself, she does not. Pg. 829 1. What does Haimon’s response to Creon tell us about the expected role of a son to a father? A: A son’s job is to be a dutiful son; full obedience is required. 2. Give a quote that illustrates this expected role, either from Haimon or Creon. A: “I am your son, father. You are my guide. You make things clear for me, and I obey you” (lines 7-10) Pg. 830,831,832 1. Describe the position Creon believes he is in. A: He is afraid if he waivers on his decree, he will look weak. Also, he is afraid if he cannot control his own family, people will believe he is a terrible leader, so they will not follow his laws. 2. Creon’s way of ruling will ensure obedience, won’t it? Why or why not? A: The attitude, “My way or no way” turns people off. Rulers who are willing to listen 3. What is Haimon’s advice to his father? What examples does he give his father to make his points? A: He tells his father to be reasonable and to listen to other’s opinions. He pleads, “I beg you. Do not be unchangeable:/ Do not believe that you alone can be right./ The man who thinks that, /The man who maintains that only he has the power/ To reason correctly , the gift to speak, the soul-/ A man like that, when you know him, turns out empty./ It is not reason never 4. What is Haimon’s point that he makes about age, and advice? A: He says that age should not matter: “It is not right[to listen to me] /If I am wrong. But if I am young, and right, /What does my age matter?” 5. In line 119, what is Haimon’s hidden threat? A: Haimon says, “Her[ Antigone] death will cause another.” Creon sees this as a death threat, but really Haimon is telling his father that he intends to kill himself. 6. What is Antigone’s fate? A: She is to be locked in a cave with some food and water and left to suffocate. Pg. 834 1. What is Antigone’s request that she makes to the gods? A: “May Creon’s judgment be equal to mine.” Pg. 835-8 1. What news does Teiresias give King Creon? A: King Creon has angered the gods and they will not accept any sacrifices from men. 2. According to Teiresias, what is the only crime? A: The only crime is pride. 3. What crime does Creon accuse Teiresias of? A: He accuses him of loving gold too much. 4. What warning does Teiresias give to King Creon? A: Teiresias warns Creon that he will pay dearly for his foolish pride: “The time is not far of when you shall pay back/ Corpse for corpse, flesh of your own flesh. . .” 5. What does King Creon finally decide to do? A: To release Antigone and give Polyneices a Pg. 839-842 1. What news does the messenger bring concerning Haimon? A: Haimon has killed himself. 2. How does Antigone die? A: She hangs herself. 3. When Creon sees Haimon, what does Haimon attempt to do? A: He tries to stab his father—he “lunged at him and spat in his face.” 4. What additional bad news does King Creon receive? A: His wife has killed herself. 5. What does Eurydice utter with her last breath? A: She curses her husband. 6. What ultimately does Creon learn? A: His own foolish pride and stubbornness caused the ultimate tragedy. Now his son, wife, nieces and nephews are dead and he is alone: “ I have been rash and foolish./ I have killed my son and my wife. I look for comfort; My comfort lies here dead.” Checking Comprehension 1. Why do Creon and Haimon argue? A: Haimon thinks his father’s judgment is too rash. 2. According toTeiresias, what terrible punishment awaits Creon? A: Teiresias predicts that Creon’s house will be full of tears and that his own flesh (Haimon) shall payback “corpse for corpse.” 3. What action does Creon take after Teiresia’s prophecy? A: Creon sets out to bury Polyneices and free 4. What does the Messenger tell Eurydice before she leaves the stage during the Exodus? A: The Messenger tells Eurydice that Creon was too late to save Antigone, and that her son, Haimon, is dead. 5. What finally happens to Antigone? Haimon? Eurydice? A: Antigone hangs herself. In his raging grief, Haimon tries to kill his father, misses, but then mortally wounds himself, dying next to Antigone. Cursing her husband, Eurydice kills herself. Critical Thinking 1. Explain the conflicts that drive Haimon to take extreme measures. Does he seem more concerned with divine law, to which Antigone turns for her justification, or with human law? Support your answer A: Haimon is more concerned with the divine law. He listens to the people and overhears their sympathy for Antigone-that what she did for her brother was no crime, but as decent act. He begs his father to listen to reason, “ God’s crowning gift to man,” and exclaims that Creon has “no right to trample on God’s right.” 2. Why does Creon say “I have neither life nor substance” in the Exodus? 3. How great a role do you think fate plays in dictating the outcome of the story? A: The choices people make dictate the course of their own lives, not fate- fate changes as choice changes; the main characters didn’t change, thus they were stuck with their fate. OR Some may say that fate is fixed from birth, the sum total of innate patterns of behavior and destiny, which we are unable to alter. 4. Both Antigone and Creon are unwilling to appear weak. How could this trait influence a person’s outlook on life? A: The people that were afraid were appearing to be weak, indeed are; they resort to trying to control others and usually end up out of Literary Focus 1.(a) In you opinion, who is brought down most completely at the conclusion of the action? A: (a) Creon: He lost everything that matters in life: his wife, his son, and the respect of his people. 2. (a) What is this character’s tragic flaw? A: (a) Creon has intense pride, will not listen to reason, and is inflexible. (b) How does this flaw lead to the character’s downfall? A: (b) By not using reason, he sets up a no-win situation; everyone loses. HW: Write a one page essay answering the following question. Antigone: Explain how the following theme is developed in the play. Make sure to use CD and CM in your response. Use at least 2 specific quotes to support your ideas. Theme: Pride and stubbornness give rise to tyranny and are character flaws that cause suffering and, inevitably, tragedy. Possible CD’s • Choragos, directed at Antigone: “Like father, like daughter: both headstrong, deaf to reason! She has never learned to yield” ( 823). • Creon, directed at Antigone: “She has much to learn. / The inflexible heart breaks first, the toughest iron/ Cracks first, and the wildest horses bend their necks” (823). Creon, directed at Antigone: “This girl is guilty of a double insolence, / Breaking the given laws and boasting of it. Who is the man here, /She or I, if this crime goes unpunished?” (823). Creon to his son Haimon: “Of all the people in this city, only she /Has had contempt for my law and broken it./ Do you want me to show myself weak before the people? / Or to break my sworn word? No, and I will not” (829). • Creon to Haimon: “If I permit my own family to rebel/ How shall I earn the world’s obedience? Show me the man who keeps his house in hand,/ He’s fit for public authority. I’ll have no dealings/ With lawbreakers, critics of the government: /Whoever is chosen to govern should be obeyed-/Must be obeyed, in all things, great and small,/Just and unjust!” (830). • Haimon to his father: “Reason is God’s crowning gift to man, . . .yet there are other men/ who can reason, too: and their opinions might be helpful” (830). • Haimon to his father: “Forget you are angry! Let yourself be moved! I know I am young; but please let me say this:/ The ideal condition /Would be I admit, that men should be right by instinct; / But since we are all to likely to go astray, / the reasonable thing is to learn from those who can teach” (831). • Haimon to Creon: “I beg you. Do not be unchangeable:/ Do not believe that you alone can be right./ The man who thinks that, /The man who maintains that only he has the power/ To reason correctly , the gift to speak, the soul-/ A man like that, when you know him, turns out empty./ It is not reason never to yield to reason!” (830). • Teiresias to Creon: “Think: all men make mistakes, / But a good man yields when he knows his course is wrong,/ And repairs the evil. The only crime is pride” (836). • Teiresias to Creon: “The time is not far off when you shall pay back/ Corpse for corpse, flesh of your won flesh. . .Not many days, / And your house will be full of men and women weeping. . .” (837). • Creon to Choragos and himself: “Oh, it is hard to give in! but it is worse/ To risk everything for stubborn pride” (838). • Creon to Choragos: “Nothing you can say can touch me any more./ My own blind heart has brought me / From darkness to final darkness. Here you see/ The father murdering, the murdered son-And all my civic wisdom!/ Haimon, my son, so young, so young to die, I was the fool, not you; and you died for me” (840). • Creon to himself: “I alone am guilty. / I know it, and I say it. Lead me in. . .I have neither life nor substance” (841). • Creon: “Lead me away, I have been rash and foolish. /I have killed my son and my wife. I look for comfort; my comfort lies here dead” (842). Review Who is the tragic hero/heroine in this play: Antigone or Creon? Relate how each of the following themes is developed in this play: • a. Because humans are faced with a basic conflict in loyalties, suffering is inevitable. b. Any excess, even an excessive devotion to state or religion, is a fault and leads to misfortune. c. Pride and stubbornness give rise to tyranny and are character flaws that cause suffering and, inevitably, tragedy. d. In a conflict between God’s law and man-made laws, the divine laws take precedence. e. There is a personal responsibility for suffering, but from suffering comes wisdom.
Pages to are hidden for
"Notebook Assignment Antigone Scenes"Please download to view full document