2S I TREATMENT OF WOtNDS oF MWAR. (JN 5, £91
greatly slows the reaction, shows that the most effec-
tive rays are those of short length. Rain water pre-
served for a considerable time contains no nitrites,
but freshly collected rain water or dew always con-
tains a mixture of nitrites and nitrates. Air bubbled TREATMENT OF WOUNDS OF WAR.
through distilled water free from nitrite and nitrate gives WE gave some account, a short time ago, of the regultsg
a mixed reaction afterwards when the water is tested for reached by the Inter-Allied Surgical Conferences held in
nitrites and nitrates, showing presence of both forms of March and May, 1917. A third conference, held in
ajiides of nitrogen in air. There is no hydrogen peroxide November, 1917, was attended by delegates of America,
or ozone in air at surface level. The fresh odour in open Belgium, Great Britain, France, -Italy, Japan, Portugal,'
sur, commonly referred to as " ozone," is probably nitrogen and Serbia. It reached a number of conclusions which-
trioxide, which at high dilutions has the odour of ozone. are of general interest, some of them to surgeon's at the
The oxides of nitrogen are probably formed by the action front, others also to those serving at hospitals at the
of sunlight, rich in ultra-violet rays, upon air and aqueous base or at home.
vapour in upper regions of the atmosphere. Professor
Moore concluded by drawing attention to th:e importance Wounds of the T'horat and Abdone?n.
of tllese actions of light in purification of air and water (1) In wounds involving bothi the thorax andc abdomen
and enriclhment of soils and waters by the continuous the special factor is the wound of the diapinagm; the:
supplying of matter essential to organic growth, the energy wounds of the thoracic and abdominal organs do not
of which, like that for the upbuilding of non-nitrogenous present any special features from the anatomical point of
organic fompounds, comes from sunliglht. view. (2) Hernia of the abdominal organs is difficult to
recognize clinically. Radioscopic examination hliowing dis-
placement of the lheart to the right is an element in-
diagnosis wlhich should -be taken -into account, especially
witlh haemothorax of the left side. (3) Operation is indi-
THE PHYSIOLOGICAL PROBLEMS OF THE cated in alrnoat- all cases, the exception being the case of a
ILLUMINATING ENGINEER. very small projectile involving only the upper part of the
TIm yotung profession of illuminating engineering has abdomen, especiallv on the right side. Indepen:dently of
never hesitated to enlist the help of the ophthalmologist, indications Jfor operation afforded by the thorax and the
for, notwitlhstanding all rules and formulas and readings abdomen, perforationof tlhediaphragm m-iln itself sufficient
of photometers, the ultimate verdict, on the lighting of to call for suture. (4) Operation by the thoracie trans-
any place or building is based on the impression received pleural route presents great advantages botlh for the inspec-
by the eye. SolUs OcU1u8 est judex. Tilis was pointed out tion of the lesions and for the treatment of the pleural
in Mr. A. P. Trotter's presidential address to the Illumi- cavity and the diaphragmatic wound (suture). It permits
a.lso tlle treatment of lesions of the subdiaplraginatic
nating Engineering Society, when it was stated that it abdominal organs, whether herniated or not. (5) Cases
would be useful if more work were done, or at least more occur in which a separate laparotomy may be indicated.
literature made accessible, on the physiology of vision so (6) Thoraco-laparotomy allows of the treatmient of botlh
far as concerns tlhe relation of liglht flux to visual percep- the thoracic and abdominal lesions on a large scale and
tion. Mr. Trotter pointed out thiat the range of luminous, througlh a single incision.
stimulus to wliclh the eye could respond was enormous
extending from illawinations of 0.0001 of a foot-candle on Fractures involving Joints.
the darkest niglat to 5,000 or more foot-candles in summer (1) The aseptic courw seen by osteo-articular lesions in
sunslhine. There must be some intricate provision over whichl operation is performed early (witlhin ten to twelve
aud beyond the mere- contraction of the pupil-perhaps a hours) clearly indicates that the surgical treatment of
fractures involving joints slhould aim at the maximum of
chemical change in the retina, or an iahibition of the optic conservatismxi. (2) Comminuted fractures of the epiplysis
nerve, or a compensatory reaction or opposing activity in and shlaft are now amenable to thorouglh cleansing and
the brain-to explain the automatic adjustment of control ourettage, followed by primnary suture. (3) Fractures of
wlichl permitted so sensitive au organ as an eye to accom- the epipliysis and shaft whichi are partial or in T form are,.-
mnodate itself to suclh .great chiangs in thle external according to circumstances, amenable to artlhrotomy with
stimulas. If the plhysiologist could inform the illuminating reposition, or to arthrotomy with limuited excision of boniy
engineer futrther with regrard to that quantitative control fragments (partial atypical resection) followed by primary,
it w-ould beo-f assistance in many -ways. Mr. Trotter suture. '(4) Primary resection is indicated only in ex-
ceptional instances: (a) in the case of bony lesion's, wfiehe
svuggested that illuminating engineers should give some it should be performed only in very comminuted fractures
attention to experimental and observational psychology, so of the articular extremities; experience proves tllat it is
that lthe various factors involved in sense minprcssions mole likely to be required at the hip or slhoulder than ill
could be (Lisentangled and dealt witlh one by one. the knee, elbow, or foot; (b) primary resection in donbtfUl
cases- in order to obtain a -better functional restult slhould-
give place to conservative metlhods (artlirotomly with.-
-THE Royal Dental Hospital, fteicester Square, has removal of- fragments of bone, partial atypical resection).
received a donation of £250, being the-amount allocated to Bad functional results are amiienable to late orthopaedic
thwe lospital by the trustees of the late Leopold Salomons, resection, which will generally be done under better con;
ditions than a primary resection. (5) The indications for
THE' Scottishi Women's Hospitals lhare done excellent primary aniputation are cruishing of thel limb wvitlh de-
x oork in France, in Serbia, and in Corsica for the Serbians, struction of tlie principal arterial trulnk. (6) Immediate
in Salonica, and Rumnaniia, as has beeni nioted from time active mobilization appears to be an indispensable part of-
to time in these columiuns. The committee has now pub- operative treatment, and seems to lhave given better results
lished a second T'zhistle sotuvenir book, a miscellany of than those following imniobilization (Willems). (7) Re-
stories, verse, and l)ictures, intrinsically worth more than section m-nay still be necessary in th-e treatment of infected,
the price (Glasgow and liondon: J. Horn, L.td. (anid articular fractures.
Menzies); pp. 104, 1s. 6d.) at whi-h it is sold. The first
page reproduces in facsimile a letter fromii M. Poincar6,
who has not forgotten that he is Lor(d Rector of the UTni- Treatment of Chtrovic Ostcomyclitis.
versity of Glasgow. In it he expresses lis gratit'ude " to (1) Thle mnechanisn of infection is the samiie as tiat of
the conrageous Scottish women for their iexha:ustible infection in otlher war wotunds; it spr6ads in two wvavs:
charity and for the indefatigable. devotednless they show (a-) by continulity thr ough thef medlullary and1 comlpact
to the w-oundedl soldiers of the allied countries:;' Miss tissue, and (6) to a distance along fiSssures. (2) rrhle spreadl
McIlroy is to be eQulgratulated on having got aboult her -so thlrough the- bony tissue is generally slow and limited.-
long a list of distinlguished contributors and on the goodi Among thle earliest germs to sspread are thle streptococcus,-
aupearancc the new numnber of the Thistle makes. thle staphylococcuas, thle enterococcu.s, andl, more rarely'
Titl '5 i 119't 81.
CASUALTItS 'IN- kttE MEDICAL SERVICES. r TuDI eJiOU
rLM EIDCaL JOURWT(AL-;: 2. 9
ana6robic organi.sm-s. Tlle germus miiost often foulnd in the Second ,ary and Late, Cosnplications of TWound?s of the
flora of subacute or chlronic stippuration of bones are Brainl.
the streptococcus, staplhylococcus, enterococcus, and tlle (1) The effcet of the documents collected" is to showr
pneu2nobacillus. (3) Tl'e treatulient of chrouic osteoimlvelitis that though secondary complications of- cerebra,vl wounds
slhould above all things be preventive; it does not differ from are relatively frequent, late infectious complications are'
the treatment of tlle. seat 'of fractu re. (4} At the present much more rare than was supposed. (2) Organic disorders
time the treatment of establislhed osteomyclitis is purely consecutive to wounds of the brain (heemiplegia, mono-
surgical; it should be undertalen early and consists plegia, aphasia, visual disturbances, etc.) frequently slhow
essentially of (a) free opening up of tle seat of fracture; a tendency to imnprove. Their treatment belongs to'
(b) carueful search for all sequiestra and foreign bodies, and tlle domain of neurology. (3) Late epileptic attacks of
lheir removal; (c) free laying open of all cavities. (5) a Jacksonian chaaracter may be benefited by' surgical
This having been done one of two alternative methods operation-the removal of a cause of compression, of foreign
may be followed: eitlher (a) immediate closure of tlle bodies, or of fragments of bone. It is not advisable to'
wound, completed by an autoplastic operatioii, or (b) operate on account of one' or two isolated attaeks of'
clhemical sterilization of the wound, secondary autoplasia Jacksonian epilepsy, for they may be due to an attack 'of'
to fill up tle bony cavity, and then sutuLre. Tile second enceplhalitis from whicl recovery may takp place, and
method is t4at mIost generally applicable. upon the course of whiclh surgical operation can lhave no
influence. Epileptic attacks, except in cases whlere a-
Late Results of Fractutres of the Thigh. foreign body or a fragment of bone is present, do not call
(1) Speaking generallv, the end results of the treatment for any fresh surgical operation. Wlhere there is hyper-
of fractures of the tlhiglh are poor. This is due to tile tension of the cerebro-spinal fluid, lumbar- punctures- con-
extent of the lesions, to insufficient reduction and reten- trolled by the manometer may be useful. (4) Late cerebral
tion, and, above all, to infection of the seat of fracture. abscesses, diagnosed and differentiated from non-suppu-
(2) The late results of fractures in the upper third, and rative encephalitis, ouglht to be operated upon after
still more in the lower third of the femur, are those which accurate clinical localization by the surgeon and the nouro-
leave most to be desired. (3) The late complications most Iogist. After an exploratory puncture and taking care not
frequently met with are (a) infections producing chronic to destroy protective adlhesions, the abscess slhould be
osteomyelitis; (b) deformities duie to incomplete reduction opened and its sterilization tested periodically by bacterio-
(slhortening,. rotation, and angular union); (c) very rarely logical examination. (5) Late localized meningitis and
defective consolidation, or functional loss of power having encysted meningeal abscesses ougllt to be operated uipon.
an articular, muscular, or nervous origrin. (4) Of tllese (6) The present treatment of generalized meningitis it'
deformities, slhortening is thle most comnmon, and the usually ineffective. Tlhe most rational means of treatment
only one whllicl is not always avoidable (loss of bone). appears to be repeated lumbar puncture. (7) Cerebral'
(5) Rotation and angular union are most often due hernia with abscess should be operated- upon and the
to inefficient surgical treatment. (6) Primary steriliza- abscess drained. It seems preferable, in order to avoid'
tion is the principal object to be souglht; its in- the possible diffusion of a local infection, not to per-
sufficiency is the essential cause, direct or indirect, form lumbar puncture during thle acute febrile plhase
of the defective results. Tile slow proaress of, and the which occurs in some cases of cerebral lhernia, Whlen
difficulties encountered in treating, prolonged infectionls the evidences of inlfection observed at thle oniset liave
uake it less possible to ensure retentioni of thje fragm6nts. dim-ninished, lumbar ptunctures, by diminishlingi intracraniial
(7) Primary sutLture of tlle wound and secondary suture hypertension, may favour the reduction of the hernia.-
after cicatrization, tranisformuing ani open fracture intO Resection of a hernia is an operation only justifiable
a closed fracture, have a determiiining influlence oln the whien local necrosis occurs or mneningocele is present.
remote results of treatmnent of fractures of tle thigh. (8) Intracerebral foreign bodies whiclh are determinling
(8) :Joint stiffness, very frequiently observed in th¢e kniee, attacks of enceplhalitis, epileptic attacks, or an abscess,
and stiffness of the hip and tlle foot, eitlher separately slhould be removed. Foreign bodies wliicll are well
or in combiination, can be prevented by early mnobilization. tolerated ouglt, it would seemi, to be left alonie. (9) Thle
(9) Adlesions of miuscles to tlle callus are tile cause of facts collected slhow that cranioplastic operations per-
mttny functional troubles wilich nay necessitate surgical formed witlh ani aestlhetic object are specially indicated
oper'ation to free tlheni. (10) Trophic complicatiolls (inus- wlhen the loss of substance is in tlle frontal l'egion. Fronm
cular atroplhy, oedema, vasotnotor disturbances) play a tlle point of view of cure they are only justifiabi-e in cases
very important part and slhouild always receive early and in wlhich tlhe distensibility of tlie scar is the only dis-
persistent treatment. (I1J Very pronounced deviations, coverable cause of the symptoms observed. Fronm thle
attended or not by osteomyelitis, are amllenable to osteo- prophylactic point of view the risk of cranial injury of the
toimy; whIeIn tlhere is concomlitant osteomlyclitis resection trepllined region later on may be ani indication for opera-'
of -the callus is generally indicated. tion. In every case the surgeon sliould nmake sure tlhat
there is no contraindication to operation 'afforded by any
nervous trouble, by any chlemical or cytological alteration
TVounitds of Nerves. in the cerebro-spinal fluid, or by papillary stasis. (10) The
(t1) Operations on nerves for war wounds lhave so far best prophylactic treatment of secondary or late infectious
given relatively poor results. Partial lesions give a larger complications is by methodical disinfection and primary
percentage of good results than total lesions. (2) Tihe sterilization of the intracerebral traumatic foci.
mediocrity of tile results is due clhiefly to operation at
too late a period. (3) Operatioli should never be under-
taken in the presence of suppuration. (4) Thie tlhree CASUALTIES IN THE MEDICAL SERVICES.
principal causes of want of success in late operations
on nerves are (a) sclerosis of tlhe peripheral end whliclh ROYAL NAVY.
must increase witlh the lapse of timne; (b) too wide an Died on Sermice.
interval between tlle two ends; (c) tlje intensity and Surgeon Probationer H. M. Macplherson, R.N.V.R.
duration of suppuration. (5) Retraction of tendons, anky-
losis of joints, and isehaemic uluscular sclerosis all tend Prisoner of War.
greatly to diminislh tile value of the functional result. Surgeon Probationer P. A. Faichney. R.N.V.R.
The joints ouglht fromLi the first to be put in an appropriate AR-MY.
corrective position. (6) Prilnary stuture of the nerve, wlicih Died of TVounds.
is rendered possible by the miietlhods now in use for tile COLONEL C. C. FLEMING, D.S.O., R.A.M.C.
disinfection of wounds, tends considerably to improve Colonel Charles Clhristie Fleining, D.S.u., R.A.M.C.,
results in respect of tlle frequenlcy, the rapidity, and the died, aged 53, oin Decemiber 24th, 1917, of wounds caused
*degree of functional recovery. (7) Even wlhen tlue opera- by a bomtib on the previouis day. He was the son of the
tion ig unsuccessful, prirulary sutiure mlraintains tile ends of
the nerves in an anatomnical positin whlichl greatly facili-
Of 6,664 old cases of trephini g in litspitals ii. regional neuro-
logical centres in France the niumber of epileptic etttacks. partial or
tItes later operation. (8) FLunctional recovery occtIrs general.. observed was 67S (10.14 per cent ) the number of ca es of
slowly; it requires many.months and evell ybars, and this c(rebral ab-cess was 94 (1.41 per cent.); of oldl, menitgitis 32 (0 48 per
fact must be kept in mind in estiinating the final degree of cent.); and cases df In-to cerebral hernia 54 (0.81 per eut.: am.nong
these old cases of trephininge there were 83 deaths (1.24 per cent.), and
'disability. one case only of sudden death.
I ITONOURS. rJAN. 5, Trgi
D MEDICAIL JOnREAL
late DeputySurgeon-General Andre'w Fleming, was born Formerld Reported Woutnded, flOiV Reporte'd not
on November 6th, 1864, and educated at Edinburgh Uni- lVounidded.
versity, where he graduated M.B. and C.M. in 1888. After Captain 0. Matthews, Australian A.M.C.
filling the posts of resident physician and resident surgeon
in the Edinburgh Royal Infirmary, and of resident phy- Missing.
sician in the Edinburgh Royal Hospital for Sick Children, Captain G. A. D. McArthur, R.A.M.C. (temporary).
lhe entered tlle R.A.M.C. as surgeon-lieutenant on
January30thl, 1892, becoming surgeon-captain on January
Lieutenant T. F. Ryan, R.A.M.C. (temporary).
30th, 1895, and ma-or on January 30th, 1904, and retiring DEATHS AMONG SONS Or MEDICAL MEN.
on October 29th, 1910. After his retirement he acted for Cavanagh, Rev. Bernard C. F., son of Dr. Cavanagh of Dublin,
died of wounds in Palestine on December 21st, 1917. He was
a time as secretary to the Scottish branch of the British born at Limerick in 1866, educated at Crescent College, Dublin,
Red Cross Society. He also joined the Reserve of Officers, ordained in 1890, and had worked for twenty years as a
and rejoined for duty on April 17tlh, 1915, in his old rank Redemptorist missioner before he joined the arm y as a
of major. During the war he had risen to colonel, and
was A.D.M.S. to the Highland Division when he met his Crawford, Dunlop, Second Lieutenant Royal Engineers, only
death. He served in the Nile campaign of 1898 as senior son of the late Dr. John Kerr Crawford of kilwinning, died
wounds in East Africa on December 10th, 1917, gef1 28.
medical officer in the operations on the Upper Atbara, in Elliott, H. C., Lieutenant Royal Engineers, second son of
the action at Gedaref, and in the defence of Gedaref; was Dr. Christopher Elliott of Clifton, died at a base hospital
mentioned in dispatches, and received the medal, the on December 20th, 1917, of wounds received on December 8th.
Egyptian medal, and the D.S.O. He also served in the Steyn, Stephen Sebastian Lombard, Lieutenant Royal Field
South African war from 1899 to 1902, when he took part Artillery, son of the late Dr.educated Steyn, killed in December,
in the advance on Kimberley, including the actions of 1917, aged 26. He was at the Diocesan School,
Belfont and Magersfontein, in the relief of Kimberley, and Rondebosch, South Africa, and at the University College,
Oxford, wherehe was a Rhodes scholar of 1909. He was
in the operations in Cape Colony and in the Orange River a noted Rugby football player, having played at three-quarter
Colony, and received the Queen's medal with five clasps both for Oxford and for Scotland in 1911 and 1912. He got
his commission on December 8th, 1914.
and the King's medal with two clasps.
CAPTAIN N. McG. SMIITH, R.A.M.C. Chalmers Cowan, Philip, Captain Manchester Regiment,
attached Royal Flying Corps, is reported missing since Noyem-
Captain Norman McGaan Smith, R.A.M.C., was reported ber 8th, 1917, when he took part in medical combat in France.
as having died of wounds, in the casualty list publislhed on Captain Cowan was a second year the Manchester of -Trinity
December 22nd, 1917. He was educated at Glasgow Uni- College, Dublin, when he joined
in August, 1914, from the Dublin University O.T.C. He
versity, whero he graduated M.B. and- Ch.B. in 1915, took was promoted captain in October, 1916, and shortly after-
a temporary commission in the R.A.M.C. soon after, and wards joined the Royal Flying Corps. He was .his twenty-
wa.s promoted to captain after a year's service. second year and was a son of Dr.P. C. Cowan of Ailesbury Y.
Died on Service. [JrIe shall be in(lebted to relatives of those who are killed in
CAPTAIN W. E. GIBBONS, M.D., R.A.M.C. base
Captain Wilfred Ernest Gibbons, R.A.M.C., diedat a
action or die in the war for iniJforlmation which will enable us go
niake these notes as complete and accurate as ossible.]
lhospital on December 21st, 1917, after a hlort illness follow.
ing an operation. He was the son of Mr. JohnGibbons of
Mossley Hill, Liverpool. He receivedhis medical educa- HONOURS.
tion at the University of Edinburgh, where he graduated
M.B., C.M. in 1896, and M.D. in 1900. He had held the IN connexion with the New published lists of appointments,
and pronmotions were
awards,Lonidon Cazette on December in specialhonours men-
office of house-surgeon to the Edinburgh Royal Infirmary, to the 31st. the
and subsequently became assistant to Dr. Maclaren, the tioned have been awardled to the following medical officers, all
senior surgeon at the Carlisle Infirmary. He settled in of whom belong to the A.M.S. or R.A.M.C. unless otherwise
practice in Leicester in 1900, and was late chairman and indicated:
honorary secretary of the Leicester and Rutland Division
of the Britislh Medical Association. He took great interest
Naval Aweards in Recognitionl(CIVIL). during theTW'ar.
in sports, and on several occasions- represented hlis univer- K.C.B.
Surgeon-Generals: Wm. Henrv Norman, C.B., R.N., George
sity at association football. He married in 1901, and is Lenthal Cheatle,
C.B., C.V.0., R.N.
survived by his widow and two children. In 1908 he
joined the Territorial Force, and was mobilized with his C.B. (CIVIL).
unit, and had been on the staff of the base hospital since Surgeon-Generals: Arthur Edmunds, R.N., Wm. W. Pryn,
November, 1914. R.N., James Lawrence Smith, M.V.O., R.N.
Deputy Surgeon-General Daniel Joseph Patrick McNabb,
Accidentally Killed. C.M.G.
CAPTAIN H. M. SPOOR, M.C., R.A.M.C. Fleet Surgeon E. H. Meaden, R.N.
Captain herbert Mather Spoor, M.C., R.A.M.C., was
reported as accidentally killed, in the casualty list pub- D.S.O.
lished on December 29th, 1917. He was educated at Edin- Staff Surgeon Henry Cooper, R.N.
burglh University, where he graduatecl M.B. and Clh.B. F7or Vatluiable Services Rendlered in Connexion with Mlilitary
in 1908, and then vent into practice at Stoke, Rochester, Operations in the Field.
where he held the appointment of superintendent of the C.B. (MILITARY DIVISION).
Hoo isolation hospital. Ile joined the R.A.M.C. as a Surgeon-Generals: Richard Henry Stewart Sawyer, C.M.G.,
temporary lieutenant on April 17th, 1915, was promoted Henry Neville Thompson, C.M.G., D.S.O.
Colonel and Honorary Surgeonl-General Bruce M. Skinner,
to captain after a year's service, and received the I 0
C. M.G., M. XO.
Military Cross on September 26th, 1917. Colonels: Charles Mackie Begg, C.M.G., N.Z.M.C,, Robert
Hiammill Firth, Anthoiny John Luther, Foster Reuss Newland,
C.M.G., Alexander Dunstan Sharp, C.M.G., James Matthew
Wounded. Forrest Shilne, Alfred Sutton, C.M.G., A.A.M.C., Hugh
Captain R. G. Burnard, Australian A.M.C. Champneys Thurston, C.M.G., James Barnett Wilson, C.M.G.
Captain W. C. Douglass, R.A.M.C. (temporary). Lieut.-Colonel and Brevet Colonel (temporary Colonel)
Frederick Smith, C.M.G., D.S.O.
Captain F. G. Flood, M.C., R.A.M.C. (S.I.).
Captain J. R. Forde, R.A.M.C. (temporary). Temporary1 Colonels: Sidney Maynard Smith, Alfred Henry
Captain L. R. Hill, R.A.M.C. (temporary). Lieut.-Colonel and honorary Colonel Charles Joseph Trimble,
Captain E. H. Lawson, R.A.M.C. (temporary). C.m.G.
Captain'D. M. Moffatt, M.C., R.A.M.C. (temporary). Lieut.-Colonel (temporary Colonel) Thomas Finllayson
Captain J. E. S. Smith, R.A.M.C. (T.F.). Dewar.
Lieut.-Colonel (acting Colonel) Arthur Russell Aldr,idge,
Captain C. J. Timms, M.C., R.A.M.C. (temporary). C.S.I., C.M.G.
Captain W. K. Turner, Canadian A.M.C. G.C.M.G.
Lieutenant G. Gordon, R.A.M.C. (temporary).
Lieutenant S. G. Johnson, R.A..IA.C. (temporary).
Temporarv Surgeon-General Sir George
ZAN. 5, I9181 IIONO'LTRS. .MEDICAL JOUYXXV 3J1!
K.C.M.G. T'2 be Brevet _1 jQs.
'surgeon-General William Grant Macpherson, C-B., C.M.G. -captain (temporary Lieut.-Colo,nel) R. E. Kelly.
'Colonels and honorarv Surgeon-Generals: James Murrav Ca tains (acting Lieut.-Colonels): G. Hf. Dive, D.S.O., P. S.
Irwini, C.B., James Maher, C.B.
Temrporary Colonels Thomas Crisp EnDlish, C.M.G.,
T!omvinsonl.(temporary Major) K. W. Monsarrat.
James P rrves Stewart, C.B} Cautains: R. C. Duii, G. W. Ellis, NV. B. Galwev. MI.C., A. D.
Griffith, A. S. N. Macgregor, G. Pattoln.
C.I.G. Temporary (Captains: N. Dnggaii, H. F. Marris.
.Coloznels: George Walter Bgrber, D.S.O., A.A.M.C., Robert
James Blackham, C.I.E., D.S.O., ErnIest WVilliam Bliss, D.S.O., The following officers have been promoted to the rank in-
Edwardl George Browvne, C B., Robert Rupert MN1. Downies, dicated for valuable services relndered i- coniuxion-with tlib
A.A.M.C., Phlilip Cecil Harcourt Gordon, Alfred Eriest C. war.
Keble, Ix.o., (barles Joseplh MacDoinaldl, Samuel CGuise To be Brel rt Colonel.
Moores, C.1B., Charles WVilliam Profeit, D.S.O. Lie'ut.-Cololel I. J. C. Cottell, T. W. O'H. Hamnilton, C.MI..G.,
.Tem`porary Colonel (Lieut.-CoJouel RA..M.C.T.F.) William P. H. Jolinstoii, (.M\.Cr., C. W. Monllini, J. J. Pratt, I .,
Pasteur. S. J. Thomsoii, (.I.E.T. AI.S., T. B. A. 'rucke-.
.Lieut.-Colonel and Brevet Colonel (temporary Coloilel) MIajor anid Brevet Lieit.-Colonlel J. S. Bostock.
Howard Ensor, D.S.O.
.Lieut.-Colonels (temporary Coloniels): Artlhtur Thomas White Brevet Lieut.-Colonel.
A.A.M.C., Daniiel Davis Shanahanl, D.S.O. M\Iajor (acting LieLt.-Colonel) J.
.Lieiit.-Colonels: Clarenice Isidore Ellis, Charles Tilson Major (local l,ietlt.-Colonlel) A. Wright.
Hudson, I.M.S. Surgeon-Mlajor F. F. MacCahe, Irish IJorse.
Temporary Lieut.-Colonels: Leonard Stanley Di4geonl, .Majors W. E. A. Armstroug, I.M.S., T. W. Griffitlh, H. Joles,
3rnest Heary Starlinlg, F.R.S. F. W. Mott; F.R.S., 11. J. Parry, D.S.O., C. G. Speilcer, W. K.
Temporary honiorary Lieut.-Colonel Nathan Raw. Steele.
To be Br evet Major.
- Sezrvices Rendered in Coinnexion wcith the War.
or CCaptain, (tempoirary Lieut.-Colonel) H. J. Stiles,
K.C.B. (MILITARY DIviSION). Captain (temporarv Major) E. W. H. Groves.
Surgeon-General Sir David Bruce, C.B., F.R.S. Cap'tain H. G. Gibson.
C.B. (M1ILITARY DIVISION). . be7hono-a-y lieuit.- Colont el.
Surgeon-General Francis John Jeiucken. Quartermiiasters and honorary. Majors: A. Bruce, D. 3.
Cblonels: William Coates, C.B.(Civil),'Frederick GaultFinley, Gillman, H. G. Hasell.
-Temporary ColoneL (Lieut.-Colonel R.A.M.C.T.F.) Howard
Henry Tooth, C. M.G. DISTIN GU rSHED SERVICE ORDER.
,Temporary Lieut.-Oolonel Andrew Balfour, C.m.G. - Bar to the.Distinquished Service Order.
.Temporary honorary Lieut.-Coloned George Seaton Buchanan. Bla'or
Maior and Brevet Lieut.-Coloinel Robert Markham Carter, (temnporary Lieut.-Colonel) Wm. M. Bell
Captain (acting Lieut.-Colonel) Frank Worthington, D.S.O.
1K.C.M.G. Temporary Captain (acting Lieut.-Colonel) James R. G
Colonel and honorary Surgeon-General Michael William Greenlees, D.S.O..
-Temporary Colonels: Charles Alfred Ballance, C.B., M.V.O., Distguis.dhed Service Order.
Archibald Edward Garrod, C.M.G., P.B.S. Lieut.-Colonels (temporary Colonels): Harold P. W. Barrow,
C.M.G., Henry W. Grattan, Harry A.- Hinge, C.M.G., John
C.M.G. W. H. Houghton, George A. Moore, C.M.G., Charles A. Peters,
Colonels: Kenneth Cameron, C.A.M.C., Joseph Griffiths, C.A.M.C., Frederick S. Penny, C.M.G., Edward W. Slayter,
Charles Henderson Melville, Charles Pye Oliver, K.H;IP., C.M.G.
George Septimus Rennie, C.A.M.C., Wallace Arthur Scott, Lieut.-Colonels : James J. Black, A.A.M.C., Samuel R.
C.A.M.C., Walter Laugmuir Watt, C.A.M.C. Burston, A.A.M.C., Edward W. W. Cochrane, James E. Davey,'
Temporary honorary Colonel Sir John Collie. C.A.M.C., Charles H. Dickson, C.A.M.C., Michael H. DowIey,
-Lieut.-Colonel (honorary Surgeon-Colonel, temporary Colonel) A.A.M.C., Thomas R. Elliott, Archibald N. Fleming, I.M.S.,
William Mitchell Roocroft. Thomas Fraser, Arthur H. Moseley, A.A.M.C., Thomas J. F.
Lieut.-Colonels (temporary Colonels): Kenneth Snmith, Murpliy, C.A.-M.C., Henry S. Newland, A.A.M.C.. Charles T. H.
A.A.M.C.;, Douglas Murray McWhae, A.A.M.C. Newton, N.Z.MH.C., Edgar E. Powell, R.A.M:C., J. M. YY
Lieut.-Colonels: Henry Stewart Anderson, Louis Edward Stewart, A.A.-M.C.. Alexander H. Thwaites, A.A.M.S., Arthur
Barnett, N.Z.M.C., Johni Gordon, A.A.M.C., Arthur deCouircy B. Ward, S.A.M.C., Arthur 0. B. Wroughton.
Scan4an. Lieut.-Colonel James Anderson MIurdoch, A.A.TH.C.
Temporary Lient. - Colonels : John Edward Davies,
Thomas McC. Leask, C.A.M.C., Wm. R. Matthews, Clharles E.
Temporary Lieut.-Colonlels: James Hiurley, A.A.M.C., John Wassell, A.A.M.C.
Charles Grant Ledingham, George Basil Price, Charles Morley 'Majors- (temporary Lieutenaint - Colonels): P. S. Clarlke,
Wellnyon. S.AM.C., Reginald T. Collinis, Johln F. Crombie, Normani E.
Temporary honorary Lieut.-Colonels: Harry Richlard Keni- DUnIkerton, Gborgc J. ifoughton, Rtochford N. Hunit. Thom-iias
wood, Johig Robertsoii. Kay, jerard A. Kemptliorine, Sy dney Mi. W. Meadows, Clifford
Major itemporary Lient.-Coloinel) Thomas MUill, N. Z.M.C. H. BReason, C.A.IM.C., Henry F. SShea, Frederick WValley,
Major (actinig Lieut.-Colonel) John Andrew Amyot, C.A.M.C. Charles R. Wh bite, James Woo(l.
'-Major Thomas Wardrop Griflitli. Majors (acting Lieut.-Colonels): Alfre(d T. Bazin, C.A.M.C.,
Percy G. Bell, C.2X.M.C., Richardl Coffey, Davi(d L. Fishier,
KNIGHT BACHELOR. James J. Fraser. ( '.A.M.C., John M. Gover, Alexander Leggzat,
MIajor Andrew Macpliail, C.A.M.C(., Professor of Histo-y of Wm. McCall, Thomas B. Moriarty, Wetitwortli Tvnidale,
Bledicilne, McGill Ulniversity, Montreal. C.M.G., Joseplh Wardt, James H. W'inder. .
Majors: Alani S. D. Barton. A.A.MI.C., David D. Cade,
Brevet Colonel IHenry Francis Cleveland, A.A.-M.C., Frederick Cameron, N.Z.M.C.. Clemenit L. Chap-
man, A.A.M.C.. Walter T. Finlayson I.M.S., Roy S. McGregor,
V.1I.S., I.M.S., Deputy D)irector-General, L.M.S. A,-A.M.C.-, Edwardl H. Milner Moore, George S. Motlersill,
ILieut.-Colonel Bawa Ji wanl Singh, I.M.S., Inispector-General C.A.M.C., John J. Power, A.A.M-.C., C. John Tozer, A.A.M.C
otPrisous, Bilhar and Orissa. David Tomory, S.A.M. C., Erne§t B. Waggett, (George W. W.
Lieut.-Coloiiel Wm. Byan Lane, I.M.S., Inspector-Genieral of Ware, Henry James Williams, A.A.M.C.
PrisoIns, Central Provinces. Captains (temporary Lieut.-Colonels): Fraincis L. Brandisl.
Ateit.-Colonel Henry Smith, I.M.S., Civil Surgeon, Amritsar, Arthur T. Falwasser, William I. Thompsoii.
Ptiiijab. Captains (actinigLieut.-Colonels): Edmund Alderson Frederick
Major Heniry -Coddington Brown, I.3M. S., Assistant Director, H. Bradley, Charles S. Brebner, Win. Egan, Thomas S. Eves,
Central Research Institute, Kasauli. Wim. R. Gardner, Harold Gibson, Arthur H. Habgood, Edwardi
Assistant Sturgeon Kedar Nath Das, Professor of Midwifer-, J. Kavanagh, TM.C., John Dui P. Langrishie, Johni A. Manifold,
Campbell MIedical School, Calcutta. Ernest C. Plielain, MI.C., Alexander hi. Pollard, Johnl W. L.
PROMOTIONS. Scott, George P. Taylor, M.C., Win. Tyrrell, M.C., Anldrew R.
Tlle following oflicers have been promoted to thle rankl] Captain (temporary M1ajor) Arthur W. Falconer.
indicated for distinguished service in the field; Ca-ptains: Thomas Carnwath, Thomas S. Dunn, E.A.M.S.,
To be Brevet Colonels. Harold .A. T. Fairbaiik, Eric G. Gauntlett, Alexanider J.
Lieut.-Colonels (temporary Colonels): H. E. M. Douglas, V.C., Gibson, John G. Gill, hI.C., Alfred G. Hebllethwaite, Basil
C.M.G.,-D.S.O., J. Poe, D.S.O. Hulghes, Stainley D. Large, M1.C., Wm. McK. H. McCullagh,
M.C., John Wm MeNee, George W. Miller, George S. Parkin-
To be Brevet Lientt.-Colonel.R. son1,Alexan(ler D. Stirling, James IH.Thomas.
MIajors (temiiporary -Lieut.-Colonels): A. MIeMun11n, S. L. Tempora.ry Captain (acting Lie t.-Coloel) CTristopher V.
Pallanit, D.S.O., MI. G. Winder, D.S.O. Bulstrode.
Majors (acting Lieut.-Colonels): B. R. Dennlis, G. AW. G. Temlporary Captains: Jolhn Anidersoni, Gordoni A. McLarty,
H.ughes, D.S.O. Hughl B$. vt-n, Ia+nda A1edicalServi6e, Jolhni F. G. Riclards,
Majors: R.. T. Brown, D.S.O., J. T. Johnson, D.S.O., Adrian Stokcs.
t; MeCarrisoD, I.M. S. Th bc continuedl.)
32 MIDICAL JouawA J MENTIONED IN DISPATCHES. IJAN. 5, X91*
The Albert medal has been conferred uipon Captain C. R. Falwasser, W. R. Gardner, E. J. Kavanagli, MI.C., J. de P.
Hloskyn, R.A.M.C., for the following lheroic deed: Langrishe, A. M. Pollard, J. Rlobertson, N. C. Rutherford,
In France, on November 24th, 1916. as a result of a serious railway D.S.O., S. S. Smith, G. P. Tavlor, M.C., W. I. Thompson,
accident, a man was pinned down by legs uncder some heavytho W. Tyrrell, M.C.
girders. The wreckage was on fire. anid
the flames had alr eady Captains (acting Lieit-Colonels): F. L. Bradish, H. N.
reached the man's ankles. Captain Hoskyn crawled into a cavity in Burrouglhes, H. G. 2V. Dawsoni, G. H. Dive, D.S.O., XV. Egan,
the flaming wreckage, and, after releasing onie of the man's
sFgs, T. S. Eves, H. Gi3bson, A. H. Habgood (S.R.), A. Irvine.
amputated the other, whereupon the man was drawn out alive,
-Captain Hoskyn retaining hold of the main artery until atourniquet
Fortescue, E. C. Phelan, M.C., H. C. D. Rankin, R. T. C.
could be put on. Robertsou (8.R.), J. W. L. Scott, F. Worthington, D.S.O.
Captain (temporary Major, acting Lieut.-Colonol) T. A.
MENTIONED IN DISPATCHES. Captains (temporary Majors): J. D. Fiddes, A. C. F. Turner,
SUPPLEMENTS to the Lonido*m Gazette issued on December 24th D.S.O.
amid 28th, 1917, contain, in addlition
to the iiames published in
Captains: J. G. Anderson, S. R. Armstrong (S.R.), R. P.
our issue of December 15th, 1917, p. 806, a further list of officers Ballard (S.R.), J. H. Bavley, M.C. (S.R.), A. J. Beveridge (S.R.),
the A.M.S., R.A.M.C,
Corps, and the
Army Medical Corps, mentioned by Sir Douglas
T. R. H. Blake, M.C., R. A. Broderick, A. S. Bruzaud, D.
Buchanan, E. D. Caddell, M.C., W. K. Camnpbell, D.8.O., F. C.
Hlaig in his dispatch dated Noveember 7th, 1917, for distinguished Chandler, P. J. Chissell, T. C. Clarke, J. Dale, R. M. Davies,
and gallant services and dev-otion to duty. A. H. T. Davis, W. H. Davison, J. W. Dew, C. K. G. Dick, R. C.
Dun, J. Dundas, A. H. Falkner,J. McK. Ferguson, H. J. B. Fry,
HEADQUARTERS STAFF. C. E. H. Gater (8.11.), R. E. Gibson, H. Goodman, H. B. Graham,
Surgeon-Genierals: Sir A. T. Sloggett, K.C.B., K.C.M.G., A. H. Greg, T. W. Hancock, A. J.- lawes, W. S. Haydock(S.R.),
K.H.S., W. G. Msacpherson, C,B., C.M.G.,. M. XV. O'Keeffe, J. H. Hlebb, H. Henry, W. Hulnt, M.C. (8.1.1, A. H. Huycke,
C.B., R. Porter, C.LB.,
R. H. S. Sawyer, C.M.G. R. Jacobs, A. E. Jury, C. M. Kennedy, R. Keninoin, G. D. Laing,
Colonels (temporary Surgeon-Generals): C. H. Burtchaell, J. H. Lloyd, P. MacCillum (S.R.), S. McCausland, W. McK. H.
C.B., (J.M.G., J3 M. Irwin, C.B., B. M. Skinner, C.M.G., DI.V.O., McCullagh, M.C. (S.R.), J. P. McGreehiii, J. W. McNee (S.R.),
HI. N. Thompson, C.M.G., D.S.O. D. G. McRae, J. S. Manford, H. F. Afarris, S. S. Meighaln,
Colonels: de B. Birch, C.B., V.D., E. G. Browne, C.B., G. A. D. Moffat, F. R. H. AMollan (S.R.), H. S. Moore (S.R.), C. B.
Cree, C.B., C.MC.G., fl. H. Firth, P. ('. H. Gordon, S. Hickson, Moss-Blunidell, J. C. Newman, C. Nicholson (S.R.), H. S. Palmer,
CBli., A. J. Luther, S. Alacdoniald, C.M.G., 1L. R. Macleod, A. C. Pearson, G.E. Pepper (S.R.), J. Pinder, G. S. Pirie (killed),
C('.B.,-S. G. Mloores, C.B., F. R. Newland, C.M.G., J. M. F. J. MI. Plews, R. B. Price, W. Raffle, J. Rafter (S.R.), R. T. Raine,
Shine, WV. T. Swanl, C.B., 1H. C. Thurston, C.M.G.,J. B. %Wilson, J. Ramsay, J. F. G. Richlar(ds, F. A. Roper, P. J. Ryan, J. C.
C'.M.G., R. W. WN'riglht, C.M.G., C. A. Yoting, C.M.G. Sale, D.S.O., M.C., H. A. Saudiford, J. J. M. Shaw (8.k), C. N.
Brevet Colonel (temporar3, Coloniel) T. XV. Gibbard, K.H.S. Smith, W. Snieddoin, J. C. Sprotile, J. Stephensoi (S.R.), A. D.
Temporary Coloniel H. 31cI. NV. Gray. Stirling, E. S. Stork, D.S.O., F. Sykes (S.R.), J. H. Thomas,
Brevet Colonet H. Enisor, D.S.O.
J. Walker(S.R1.), D. L. Wall, W. S. Wailace (M,C.), G. D.Watkins,
Lieut.-Colome'ls (temporary Coloncls): HI. P. V. Barrow, D.S.O.,- F. H. C. Watson, F. W. White, J. B. Williamsou (S.R.),
C.M.G., R. J. Blacliham, C.T.E., D.S.O., 1. liliss, D.S.O., XV.
W. F. Wood, D.S.O. (S.R.).
A. W. N. Boweni, 1).S.O., F.
1B. Bniswell, C.M.G-., T. F. Dewar, Temporary Captain (temporary Lieut -Colonel) H: Faulkner.
Douglas, V.C., 1)..O., C..M.G., H. N. DLinmi, D.S.O., Temporary Captains (acting Lieit.-Colonels): C. I. Pye-
0. W. Elsiser, D.S.O., 11. W. Grattanm, IH. A. Hinge, C.M.G.,
Smith, D.S.O., M.C., J. 11. C. Greenlees, D.S.O.
J. Houiglhtoni, T. P. Jomnes, C,.MI(.,
H. A. MToore, C.M.G., C.
Temporary Captains: E. A. Aldridge, J. Alexander, R. C.
G. J. A. Ormsby, D.S.0., J. Poe, D.8..'. . I'ollock, 1).S.O.,
Alexanider, F. H. Allfrey, J. Anderson, L. Aniderson. D.S.O.,
(W. Profeit, D.S.O., H. V. Prvnne, MT. IA. Ilattray, D.S.O.,
XV. G. WV. Armstronig, D.S.O.. WN. H. Attlee, G. T. Baker, J. H.
1). D. Shanalian, D.S.O., A. D. Sharp, C.M.G., E. W. Slayter, Banikes, J. II. Barry, D.S.(., M.C., N. Mc. C. Boyce, E. Boyers,
C.M.G., A. G. Tlhomnpsoll, D.S.O., H. S. Thtirston, C.B., C.M.G. 1t. Clharles, G. S. Clancv, A. Climie, J. M Campbell, C. D.
Lieut.-Coloniels (acting Colonels): W. Clemeiuts, D.S.O., ..
Coy-le, F. W. -Craig, G. McI. Dale, A. W. Denniis, C. F. Drew,
lludlestone, D.S.O. J. C. Dunni, D.S.O., M.C., I. Feldmani. J. H. Fletcher, D.S.O.,
Lienit.-Coloiiels: A. Chopping, C.M.C., J. S.
Gallie, D;S.O., MI.C., A. Fraser, J. Gibson, WV;B. Gordoni, E. H. Griffin, D.S.O.,
1. C. It. G. MIartiin.
M.C., E. L. M. Hackett, A. E. Hallinian, A. G. P. Hardwick, R.
Brevet Lient.-Coloiiel E. Ryan, D1.5.0.
Her(dmani W. J. Hirst, R. McC. Hill, D.S.O., R. D. Laurie, D.
Major (actimig Lient.-ColoielJXW. F. Tryvnd1ale, C.M.G. Lees, D.S.O., 0. C. Linlk, J. W. Linnell, T. L. Llewellyn, H. L.
Majors W. McAlfister-Hewlings, JL. FitzG. Martin, C.l.G.,
C. G. Thomson, D.B.O., L. V. Thlirstoni, D.S.O., A. C. Turier,
McCormick, A L. McCreery, F. C. Macdonald, A. Macinityre,
(G. D. Alaclntyre, E. C. Mackay, XV. Mackeuzie, G. A. McLarty,
W; XVare. G. D McLean, I. C. MIaclean, D.S.O., M.C., W. R. P. McNeight,
T. H. Balfour,
Mt.C., W. S. S. Berry, G. 0. J. C. Mackwood, J. Manuel, H. W. Moir, H. Mortimer,
Chambers, A. J. Clarlk, M.C., GA. XV. Ellis, A. J. Gibson, G. J.
J. iM. Moyes, H. G. Oliver, M.C., J. B. Orr, D.S.O.. M.C., J, I.
Gill, S. S. Greaves; M.C., A. G; Heebbletliwaite, A. H. Heslop, O'Sullivan, H. A. Pallant, D.S.O., M.C., H. Y. Riddell, R. C.
D.S.O., S. D. Large, iI.C., D. C'. Macdonald, (. S. Parkinson, Robertson, R. S. Ross, G. W. -R. Rudkin, M. P. Scanloni, H. L.
G. Smith, R. E Todd, A. XV'ilsou,-M,C.-. A'. B. XV'right'
Shlelton, S. J. Simpson, V. F. Soothill, T. Stansfield, J. L.
Temporary Captainis: WV. Alderton, C. 1). Hindley, K. XV.
Stewart, M.C., A. Stokes, D. J. Stokes, H. S. Sugars, D.S.O.,
MackeInzie. M.C., R. 1. Sullivan, J. Tate, J. N. L. Thosebv, G. G. Timpson,
Lieutenant (temporary Captain) C. W. Trcehlere. H. S. Turnier, M.C., V. C. W. Vickers, C. D. WAlker, J. Walker,
K. M. WValker, F. E. S. XVillis, A. Wilson, F. B. Winfield, P. R.
Woodhouse, C. S. E. Wright.
Surgeon-Genexals: Sir A. A. Bowlby, K.C.M.G., K.C.V.O., Temporary honorary Captrins: E. H. Hicks, C. McNeil.
Sir .K. Makins, K.C.M.G.
Lieutenants (temporarv Captains): J. H. Boag, J. La
Colonels: A. F7ullertonX,C.M-G-, Sir W. P. Ilerringham, C.B., Lauder, D.S.O., M.C.
Pasteur, S. M. Smitht, A. B. Soltan, C.M.(G., C. (G. Watson, Temporary Lieutenants: D. H. Colliugham, W. J. Isbister,
KLient.-Colonel H. S. Johnston, D. A. H. Moses.
Myers. Quartermaster and hon9rary Major T. Dunn.
Quartermaster and honorary Captaini W. Wilson.
ROYAIL ARMY MEDIC AT. COPPrs. Quartermasters and honorary Lieutenants: C. XV. Atkins, E.
Lieut.-Coloniels: T. R.
Elliott, (C. 1. Ellis;, 'T. -Fraser, H. A. L. Birch (honorary AMajor), J. Enwiright, J. Forman, W. Gough.
osowell, J. C. Jameson, XX'. X. Matthews, A. Il. Morris A. 0. B. Temporarv Quartermasters and honorary Lieutenants: E. C.
Wroughton. Bowen M. XV- Colahan, G. F. Drayson, G. Foster, T. H. Griggs,
LJieut.-Cololiels: C. 3.
Trimble, C-.Ml.G., V..D., R. L. fiasters, H. G. Miller, T. Newling, W. Parnell, J. H.
Temporary honorary Lient.-Colonel `.
UNITED STATES ARMY MEDICAL COUPS.
Acting Lieut.-Colomiel C. S. Brember. Lieut.-Colonels: H. Cabot, C. C. Collins, M. De Laney, J. D.
Majors (temporary Licut.-Coloinels): W. Blennett, D.S.O., Fife, H. L. Gilchrist, 11. U. Patterson.
E. B. Bird. VD.S.O.,
R. Coffey, It. '1'. Collins,
E. D,titkerton, R. Mt.
F. Crombie, Majors: G. W. Crile, H. Cushing, L. L. Hopwood, V. H.
D.S.O., W. J. S.
F4a'wett, 1D.S.O., P. J.
Harvey, D.S.O., G. J. Hotlhtoni, G. W. G,
FRIENDS' AMBULANCE UT.NIT.
Hulghes, D.S.O., R. N. Hunt, A-. E. S. Ilrvine, T. Kay, H. B. Dr. H. Nockolds.
Kelly, D.S.0., G. A. Kempthiorne, S. tL. X'. Meadows, A. C.
Osburn, D.S.O., W. F. Roe, -D.S.O., XW. M. B. Sparkes, D.S.O., AuSTRALIAN IMPERI.AL FORCE.
F'. Whalley, J. H. R. WiXnder, tM. (;. WVinder, 11.S.O., J. WV,ood. Stayf.
Majors (acting Lieut.-Colonels: P. R. Ash, B. R. Dennis, Colonels: G. W. Barber, D.g.O., A.A.M.C.; W. W. Hearne,
D. Ducat, H. Fulton, J. Mt.
Crover, F. Johinson, E. F. Q. X.
D.S.()., A.A.M.C. (killed); R. B. Huxtable, D.S.O., V.D.,
L'Estrange, W. Mc(all, E. C. Montgomerv-Snith, D1.S.O., A.A.M.C.; A. Sutton, C.M.G., A.A.M.C.; A. T. White, V.D.,
T. Moriarty, J. Nightingale, H1. F. Shea.
Majors: W. J. P. Adye-Curran, 'r. A. Barron, G. A. Benson,
Majors (temporary Lieut.-Co lonels): J. H. Anderson,
IT. D'A. lllnnmberg, T.D., T. S. Coates, A.
Miller, EJ. I1. M. Moore, 3.
A. Irwini, G. W.
S. Y. Rogers, D.S.O., M. Sinclair, A.A .C. .
Majors: H. K.
S. McGregor, A.A.M.C.
3.; W.' XXest. Fry, D.8.O., A.A.M.C.; W. Vickers, A.A.M.C.
itajor (acting Aldlersoin. E.
Armty Medical CCorps.
Temporary hotnorary Majors: C. M-.Hope, Houston.
Patiton, 1).S... M.C.
Lieut.-Colonols (temporary Colonels):
" J. A. Dick, M. H.
Downey, A. B. Shepherd.
(temporary -Lient.-Colonels): Barkley, J.
Captains J. XV.
E. Lieut.-Colouels: J. J. Black, S.- R. Burston, A. G. Butler,
&cll, D.S.O., 1). Boie, D.b.0., P. 11. Br1adiley, A. T.
D.S.O.; H. H. B. Follitt, F. A. Maguiire, A. Moseley, H.S.
JAN. 5, 191S) _COTLAND. tiBImaCn 3
NKewland, J. S. PurdY, D.S.O., J. M. Y. Stewart, V.D., (' Dr. Tlhomas J. Uorder, Assistant Physician St. Bartholom" ewv's
~Vassell, J. 1. Wel)b.
Honorary Lieut.-Colonel E. W. Hta yw-ard.
Dr1. Johnl Phillips, Eimeritus Professor of Obstetric Mledicine,
Major (temporary Lieut.-Coloiiel H. V. P. Conrick. D.S.(). King's College; Conisutlting Obstetric Physician, Ring's Collc*ffe
MTajors:' S.V.Applevard,D.S.0.,A.S.D. lIartoin, F. L.iBinell, Hospital.
L. W. Bond, D.S.0., H. P. Browilell, D.S.O., D. D. ('ade, ('. L. Mr. Harold J. Stiles, M.B.. C.M., F.R.C.S.Edin., Snirgcoa
Chapman, W. 13. Craig, 1)D.0., W. M.' A. Fletcler, \. (C. Royal Edinburgh Hospital for Sick Chlildreni.
Fraser, t. I. Furber, 1.S.0., AV. A. Hailes, D.S.O., 1. 1.
Hultchinisoln, D.S.0., AV. W. S. Johnston, D.S.O., TMI.C.; I-T. 1. KATSAnT)-J-IIIND (OTLD MEDAL.
Lee, D.S.O., M.C., iB. AM. MlcMlaster, D.S.O., tB. Norti, .J. J.
. Dr. Ernest Neve, Surgeon 'Mission Hospital, Srinagar,
Power, G. S. Robinson, M1.C., C. J. Tozer, H. J. Williams. Kashimnir.
Captains: I1. F. Dunstan, G. S. Elliott (kille(l), F. W. Fav,
I. J. Hunter, J. T. Jonies, II.C., I. B. Jose, A. Juett, C. F.
Robinsoni, J. R. Tillett (died of wounds), E. D. WVatson,
QUartermaster and honorary iMajor T. F. Hall.
Quartermas,ter and( hoinorary Captain J. I. Anidersou.
CANADIAN FORCES. THE PROPOSED Mi1N-ISTRY OF HEALTM.
St(Iff. THE Royal College of Plhysicians of Edinburglh lhas issue(l
Colonel A. E. Ross, C.M.G., C.A.M.C.
Lienit.-Colonels (temiporary Colonels) H. M. Jacques, a statement dlealing witlh thje quLestion of the establishment
C.A.M.C.,D.S.0., C. A. Peters, C.A.M.C., R. P. Wriglht, D.XS.0., of a Ministry of Healtlh. Under tlhe privileges conferred
C.A.M.C. by its charter it is thlC duty of the College to consider
Najor (temporary Colonel): A. E. Snell, D.S.O., C.A.M.C. "any matters affectingt the general interests of tho
Ctaadian A4rmt MlIedical C.orps. miiedical profession and the public." Thle College has
Lietit.-ColoIels : H. J. Blanchard, J. E. Davey, C. H. accordingly considered tlhis question, and lhas accepted the
Dicksou, J. A. GulDn, J. Hayes, T. J. F. Murphy, F. WV. E. general propositiou that it 'vould be to tlle advantage of
Wilson. the public hlealtlh were tlle various existing lhealtlh agencies;
Mlajors (temlporary Lieut:-Colonels): A. T. Bazini, J. N. Guinn, co-ordinated and broughlt under the supervision, control,
T. McC. Leask, C. H. Reason.
,Majors (acting Lieut.-Coloniels): P. G. Bell, J. J. Fraser. and initiative of a board of llealtlh, constituted on tlie lines
MSIajors: D. J., Cochrane, G. S. Motliersill, S. Paulin. suiggestedI in the statemlent, ancd presided over by a Minister
Captains: L. E. Clark, V. J. E. Miingie. of State. Tlle only aspect of tlle question wlhich leadls to
Lieuitenaint W. McL. Moore (Canadiani Red Crows). a divergence of view is as to the desirability of proccediug
Quartermaster aild lhoilorary Captain J. E. TntilocIi.
with a schelmne of such magnitude at this strenuou.% and
NEw3' ZEALAND FORCE. anxious timiie in thle nation's history, wlhen the medical
foffl. forces of the country are large disorganized. It tllh
Colonel C. M. Begg, C.M.G., N.Z.M.C. circumistances the prevailina opinion of the College is that
Mle(lical Corps. thle establislhmiient of a Ministry of Ilealtlh otught to be
Colonel D. J. McGavin, D.S.O. postponed until after tllh war.
Lieut.-Colonels: 1). N. W Murray, D.S.O., J. H. Neil
Majors: F. G. Cameron, K. MnacCormick, D.S.O., P. If. StatVemet b)y the Royal College of Physiciaiis of Edbiburgh.
XValtoln. The Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh was erecte(l.
Captains: H. M1.Goldstein, MI.C., I. N. Speddingr. by Rioyal Charter granited by His Majesty Kimig Charles tle
SOUTH AFRICA. Secon(d, 29thl November, 1681, and incorporated anewv by Royal
(Charter granted by Her Majesty Queeni Victoria, 16tlh August,
M1edical Corps. 1861. The Itoyal College has been, and continues to be, largely
Lieut.-Colonej A. B. WVard, commandingf South Africani concerlned withi matters affecting the health of the nationj. It
(4eneral Hospital. has taken conisiderable part in developing medlical science and
Quartermaster and honorary Lieutenant W. Richardsoni. Practice. It is therefore particularly interested in all proposals
wlich have for their aim the erection of a State Department of
BRITISH WEST INDIES REGIM.ENT. Ilealth. The Fellows of the College have giveni carefuil con-
Tcmporfriy Sturgeoni Captaini W. S. Mitchell. sfideration to tlie sulbject. The statemeint wlhieh follows is tlbc
INDIAN ARMY. outcome of deliberations which had regard to the grex:t
lli(dia.nMedical Service. questions of health and the urgenit need of their recognition
.' ' and effective handlinig by the State. Trhe stalndpoiiit of the
Lieut.-Colonel A. N. Fleming, Major J. J. Urwin. College is frankly medical, i1ot political or departmenltal.
Tlle administration of lhealth measures has in the past been
The list.also contains a number of names of N.C.0. s and mein developed in conlniexioin with a numl)er of Governimetnt Depart-
of the R.A.M.C., A.A.M.C., C.A.M.C., N.Z.MI.C., S.A.M.C., and mneints, such as the Local Governmiient Board, Homne Office,
inembers of the various niursing services. Board of Education, Insurance Commission. Each of the
several departments has worked withinl the limiits of certaini
THE name of temporary Captain Frederickl Edwasrd Saxby Acts of the Legislature dealing with definite subjects anid coni-
Willis, R.A.M.C., attached Seaforth Highlanders, was acci- ferring definite powers. The health of the communiity lhas
dentally omitted from the list of recipienits of the Mlilitary received benefit from the work of the departmelnts; but the
Cross published in:our-issue of December 22nd, 1917, p. 839. operations of the departments have not attainied that compre-
hensive measure of stuecess which the extenlt and gravitv of the
health problem demand.
NE W YEAR HONOURS. As regards health questions, the sphere of the several- depart-
Ments is limited, and, with increasing legislation, the over-
THrP following New Year Honours have been conferred lappinig whiclh inevitably follows from their separation becomes
upon medical men, in addition to those specifically awarded steadily aggravated. A fundamental weakness lies in the fa.ct
for services in the field and in connexion withi the war, that in none of the departmenits concerned is the conitrol
publislhed at pp. 30-32. On behalf of the medical profession vested in a minister appoinited primarily to deal witlh lhealth
we offer congratulationis to all those of our numnber whlose problems.
From this division of interest an(d responsibility depart-
distinguished services have thus been recognized: mental diffictulties ar e apt to arise; policy in regard to imlatters
G.C.V.O. pertainiing to health tends to become subject to considerations
of departmental jurisdiction; and the essential interest of
Sir Bertrand Dawson, K.C.V.O., C.B., M.D., Physician ii health questions is liable-to be obscured. Unider the restric-
Ordinary to HiM.-. The King, Physiciall London Hospital. tions of the presenlt system it has been imipossible to evolve
K.C.V.O. concerted meanls for dealinIg witlh tlhe complex and ever
Lieut.-Colonel Hlugh Maliinson R.igby, R.A.NI.C., F.R.C.S., widenitog problems of nationial lhealth. Not uintil these re-
strictions are renmoved wvill it be possible to attain effective and
Surgeon. to H.Ml. The Kingl's Houiehold anld to H..M. Queen adlequate machinerv.
Alexandra's Household, Surgeoni London Hospital. WVhat is required is the creationi of a. ml-inistry which slhall
M.V.O. coneerni itself with health matters pure and(I simple, andl to
Staff Su'rgeon Louis Greig, R.N., M.B., Ch.B. wlhose jnrisdictioln shall be -tran-sferre(d from other departments
thie operations of all'existingd Cnlactmlenits in so far as they deal
K.C.B. with health. This opens up alnother aspect of the question,
Sir George Newman, M.D., Principal Medical Officer to tlle namely, the imumense. extent of the issuies inivolved. Existing
Board of EdLucation. Acts deal only with sectionis and fragments of the subject.
KNIGHTHOOD. A. multitude of cond(litions affecting health are niot inelnLde(l in
Dr. Barclay J. Baron, Consulticr Physician for Dii3eases of the pulrview of the Acts, and lhave hitherto beeni left untouched.
the T'hroat anid 'Nose, Biristol (eneral Hospital *.ex;P:tresid1(>nt Thc Miniister 6f Health must lhanidle the wlhole problem. Ile
o, the Bath and B3ristbl -Branch of the B1ritish Medical must be concernedinot only with questionis already dealt wvith
Association. l)y the Legislature, suchi as itnfectious diseases, infanlt welfare,