TCM Theory

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					TCM Theory
By Jordan Barber, L.M.T.
             Yin/Yang Theory
Yin and Yang are:
•Are opposite qualities
•Never exist in isolation: Everything contains both Yin and Yang aspects, even extreme
       Yang contains the seed of Yin and vice versa
•Never exist in a static 50-50 balance: While a theoretical ideal, in reality Yin and Yang are
       always in a dynamic relationship
•Are always spoken of in relative terms: Antartica's climate is more Yin than Alaska's and
       Mexico's climate is more Yang than Ireland's
•Are interdependent: One cannot exist without the other, they can be distinguished but not
•Are mutually consumptive: Extreme Yin (cold/wet) extinguishes Yang (fire), extreme Yang
       (fire) burns up Yin (water)
•Are mutually transformative: Extreme Yin ultimately transforms into Yang and vice versa
Yin/Yang Pathological
            Yin                Yang
     Chronic Conditions   Acute Conditions
      Fatigue/Tiredness       insomnia
         dampness             dryness
         cold/cool           hot/warm
          lethargic           restless
        underactive          overactive
     weak musculature     tight musculature
        lack of thirst         thirst
            pale                 red
            soft                hard
         curled up           stretch out
        pale tongue          red tongue
        empty pulse           full pulse
Yin/Yang Constitutional
               Yin                       Yang

             introvert                 extrovert

                                 stimulating energizing
     calm quiet environments

      prefers rest and balance     prefers socializing

       lower blood pressure      higher blood pressure
Yin/Yang Body
       Yin              Yang

       body              head

      organs            surface

    yin organs        yang organs

  blood and fluids          qi

    lower body        upper body

  inside of limbs   outside of limbs

     anterior          posterior
Yin/Yang Organ
           Yin                        Yang

           solid                      hollow

 store pure essences, vital   no storage - transform,
   substances (qi, blood,       digest and excrete
        shen, jing)                 impurities

        yin organs                 yang organs
   Five Element Theory
The Five Element theory is based on the observation of
the natural cycles and interrelationships in both our
environment and within ourselves. The foundation of
the theory rests in the correspondences of each
element to a variety of phenomena.
                Primary Correspondences Within Five Element Theory

                 Fire          Earth          Metal         Water       Wood

 Yin Organs    HT/PC(HE)         SP             LU            KI          LIV

Yang Organs    SI/SJ(TH)         ST           LI(CO)          UB          GB

Sense Organs    Tongue         Mouth          Nose           Ears        Eyes

  Tissues       Vessels       Muscles          Skin          Bone       Tendons

   Tastes        Bitter        Sweet         Pungent         Salty       Sour

   Colors         Red          Yellow         White        Blue/Black    Green

  Sounds        Laughing       Singing        Crying       Groaning     Shouting

   Odor        Scorched       Fragrant        Rotten         Putrid     Rancid

 Emotions         Joy                      Grief/Sadness     Fear        Anger
  Seasons       Summer      Late Summer      Autumn         Winter       Spring

Environment      Heat        Dampness        Dryness         Cold        Wind

 Directions      South         Center         West          North         East
       The Four Main
• The Generating (sheng, Mother-Child)
• The Control (ke, Grandparent-Grandchild)
• The Overacting (cheng)
• The Insulting (wu)
This cycle describes the ways in which each
element, serving as a mother, promotes the
growth and development of the following
child element.

Examples of this cycle are the Wood element
providing the generative force for Fire, Fire
providing the generative force for Earth, etc.

 This relationship provides the foundation for
understanding five element theory and,
consequently, where imbalances may arise
within the cycle.

If Earth, for example, is weakened from a
poor diet and overwork you will see that
more nourishment is requested from the Fire
element to nourish Earth. Additionally, if
Earth is weakened the Metal element may
also be effected.
                      Controlling Cycle
The controlling (ke, grandparent-grandchild) cycle
provides for a check and balance system among all
of the elements.

Within this cycle Earth, for example, provides a
control for Water and is controlled by Wood. An
example of this relationship within the body is in
cases of Anxiety (Fire), over time, you begin to see
more Kidney (Water) related signs as the Water
element attempts to control the overactive Fire.
                  Overacting Cycle
The overacting cycle (cheng) is an imbalance
within the controlling cycle where the
grandmother element provides too much
control over the grandchild and weakens the
element. Within nature you may see Water
putting out Fire, Earth soaking up Water and
so on.

A clinical example of this relationship would be
Liver (Wood) overacting on the Spleen
(Earth). In this case you have an overactive
Wood element overcontrolling Earth leading to
distruptions in the digestive system.
                       Insulting Cycle
The insulting cycle (wu) is also an imbalance
within the controlling cycle where the
grandchild insults or returns the controlling
force generated by the grandmother. Using
examples from nature you can see Fire
burning up Water and Water washing away
Earth and so on.

Clinically you may see this in cases where
people have long-term psychological
problems (Fire) which eventually effect the
Kidneys (Water) as seen in the development
of more Yin (Water) deficiency signs.
  Mu (Alarm) Points
                  (focus on yin organs)

  Lung      LU1                    Bladder    CV3
            ST25                    Kidney    GB25
Stomach     CV12               Pericardium    CV17

 Spleen     LV13                   San Jiao   CV5
  Heart     CV14               Gall Bladder   GB24
            CV4                       Liver   LV14
         Back Shu Points (focus on Yin organs)

     Lung         BL13                      Bladder      BL28

Large Intestine   BL25                       Kidney      BL23

   Stomach        BL21                   Pericardium     BL14

    Spleen        BL20                      San Jiao     BL22

    Heart         BL15                   Gall Bladder    BL19

Small Intestine   BL27                           Liver   BL18
The 12 Primary
  Muscles listed are of the Tendino-Muscle Pathways
The Three Arm Yin
The Lung Channel
Time: 3-5AM

Function: Descend (inhale) and Disperse (exhale)
Qi. detoxification, maintains body temperature

Muscles: Opponens pollicus, abductor pollicus
brevis, flexor pollicus, brachioradialis, pronator teres,
biceps brachii, deltoid, pectoralis, internal and external
intercostals, diaphragm

Start: LU1 1 cun infierior to infraclavicular fossa, 6
cun lateral from midline.

End: LU11 radial aspect of the nail root of the thumb
The Pericardium Channel
Time: 7-9PM

Element: Fire


Functions: vascular, circulation and sexual functions

Muscles: palmaris longus, flexor carpi radialis,
biceps brachii, pectoralis, external intercostals,
internal intercostals

Start: PC1 - 1 cun lateral to the nipple.

End: PC9 - radial nail root of middle finger or tip of
middle finger
    The Heart Channel
Time: 11-1AM

Element: Fire

Functions: Rules the blood and the circulation, houses the mind, store
the shen, opens into the tongue

Muscles: Flexor carpi ulnaris, palmaris longus, pronator teres, biceps
brachii, triceps, pectoralis, internal intercostals

Start: HT1 center of the axilla

End: HT9 radial nail root of the tip of the small finger
The Three Arm Yang
      The Large
  Intestine Channel
Time: 5-7AM


Element: Metal

Functions: Salvages water from impure matter passed
on to it from the small intestines

Muscles: extensor carpi radialis longus, extensor
digitorum, lateral head of the triceps, deltoid, trapexius,
hyoid muscles, scalenes, platysma, masseter, temporalis, SCM

Start: Radial nail root of the index finger LI1

End: ala of the nose LI20
    The San Jiao Channel
Time: 9-11PM


Element: Fire

Functions: Regulates Water Metabolism, Governs the flow
and distribution yuan qi.

Muscles: Extensor carpi ulnaris, extensor digitorum, triceps
deltoid, trapezius, SCM, scalens, platysma, masseter, temporalis

Start: SJ1 Ulnar aspect of the tip of the ring finger

Ends: SJ23 Outer cantus of the eye
The Small Intestine Channel

Time: 1-3PM

Element: Fire

Functions: Separates waste from valuable liquids sent to it from
the stomach

Muscles: Extensor digiti minimi, abductor digiti minimi, extensor
carpit ulnaris, triceps, deltoid, supraspinatus, infraspinatus,
subacapularis, teres minor, teres major, trapezius, levator scapulae,
rhomboids, masseter, temporalis, SCM

Start: SI1 Ulnar nail root of little finger

End: SI19 tragus of the ear
The Three Leg Yin
       The Spleen Channel

Time: 9-11AM

Element: Earth

Functions: Transform and Transport, produce blood, controller of
digestive functions, controls the limbs and the flesh

Muscles: Extensor hallicus, tibialis anterior, soleus, gastrucnemeus,
rectus femoris, sartorius, vastus medialis, transversus abdominus,
internal intercostals, anterior spinal muscles

Start: SP1 - medial nail root of the big toe

End: SP21 - midaxillary line, 7th intercostal space
      The Liver Channel
Time: 1-3AM

Element: Wood

Functions: Emotions, Stores the Blood, Governs Sinews

Muscles: Extensor Hallucis, tibialis anterior, gastrocnemius,
gracillis, adductor magnus, vastas medialis, rectus abdominus,

Start: Liv1 Big toe lateral nail root.

End: Liv14 in the 6th intercostal space, directly below the nipple
The Kindey Channel
                     The Kidney Channel, Continued
Time: 5-7PM

Element: Water

Functions: Store Jing, Rule the Bones, Rule Water, Rule the grasping of Qi, Open into the ears

Muscles: Flexor digitorum brevis, tibialis posterior, soleus, sartorius, vastas medialis, adductor magnus,
gracilis, lower abdominals, psoas major and minor, deeper erector spinae groups of the anterior spine.

Start: KI1 - between the first and second metatarsals upper 1/3 of the plantar surface of the foot

End: KI27 - lower border of the clavical, 2 cun lateral to midline.
The Three Leg Yang
    The Stomach Channel

Time: 7-9AM

Element: Earth

Functions: Rotten and Ripen Grain

Muscles: Extensor digitorum longus, tibialis anterior,
vastas lateralis, rectus femoris, portions of the tensor
facia lata, latissimus dorsi, transversus abdominus,
rectus abdominus, platysma, jaw and fascial muscles,
sternal head of SCM, masseter, Anterior border of

Start: ST1 below the pupil on the infra obiatal margin

End: ST45 lateral side of the second toe
The Bladder Channel
                        The Bladder Channel, Continued
Time: 3-5PM

Element: Water

AKA: BL/Urinary Bladder (UB)

Functions: Temporary Storage and Excretion of waste

Muscles: Peroneus, longus, peroneus, brevis, achilles tendon, gastrocnemius, soleus, tibialis
anterior, hamstrings, gluteus medius, gluteus maximus, erector spinae, latisimus dorsi, levator
scapuli, pectoralis, SCM, masseter, epicranius, serratus anterior

Start: BL1 Inner cantus of the eye

End: BL67 lateral nail root of 5th toe.
The Gall Bladder Channel
                     The Gall Bladder Channel, Continued
Time: 11-1AM

Element: Wood

Functions: Works with HT in decision making process; relates to emotionality in the individual; stores and
secretes bile

Muscles: peroneus longus and brevis, tibialis anterior, tensor fascia lata, iliotibial tract, gluteus maximus,
serratus anterior, pectoralis, transversus abdominus, deltoid, trapezius, SCM epicranius, facial muscles,

Start: GB1 Outer canthus of the eye

End: GB44 lateral nail root of the 4th toe.
The Extraordinary
    The Ren Mai
AKA: Ren Mo, Conception Vessel (CV)

Functions: Governs all Yin. (Sea of yin), regulates menstruation and
nurtures the fetus, thus it is said to “Govern the fetus”

Muscles: abdominus, platysma, hyoids.

Start: CV1 perineum

End: CV24 between the bottom lip and the chin.
      The Du Mai
AKA: Du Mo, Governing Vessel (GV)

Functions: Governs all Yang.

Muscles: erector spinae, sub occipitals, frontalis

Start: Du1 - midway between the anus and tip of the coccyx

End: Du28 - In the mouth, at the junction of the frenulum of
the upper lip with the upper gum.
Putting it all together...
Common Channel
Pathologies According to the Boards
• GB/LIV: Digestive Disorders, Sinew
  Problems, Eyes.

• SP: Loose Stools, Blood Deficiency,

• LU: Common Cold, Mouth Dryness
• KI: Breathing Difficulties, Libido, Low Back,

• HT: Anxiety, Palpitations, Mental Issues.
Contraindicated Points for

• Spleen 6 (SP6)
• Large Intestine 4 (LI4/Co4)
• Bladder 67 (BL67/UB67)
• Any sacral points after first trimester
• Any point that has a strong descending
Some Information about
   Polarity Therapy
     What is Polarity

• Balances Energy In the body.
• Developed by Randolph Stone, DO, DC, ND
• Must be Licensed in NY State
             Basics of Polarity
The energy field consists of:

- Two poles:
The positive pole: the head and right side of the body. The negative pole: the feet and left side
of the body.

- The neutral field:
At the centre of the body, along the line of the spinal cord.

- Five energy centers:
In the neutral field. The centers correspond to the chakras in ayurvedic medicine, and the five
elements in Chinese medicine. Each centre controls a body function or part of the body:

Ether: the throat and hearing
Air: respiration, the lungs, circulation, and the heart
Fire: digestion
Water: glands and emotions Earth: excretion

The energy flows in and around the body, clockwise from the positive to the negative poles
which act like magnets, and through the neutral field.
Chakra Chart
  (Focus on Colors of Each Chakra)
Reflexology Chart
         Good Luck!

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