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Age of Exploration 1400s to 1700s

VIEWS: 46 PAGES: 17

									Age of Exploration
1400s to 1700s
Motives

Search for new trade routes wanted to find a
quicker way to Asia
Desire for new products       Crusades and travels
of Marco Polo stimulated an interest in Asian
goods
Technology improved that allowed overseas
exploration; gunpowder allowed Europeans to
dominate
Religion      Christian rulers wanted to spread
religion
Effects
 Native American civilizations destroyed
 European diseases killed millions of Native
 Americans
 European powers built extensive overseas empires
 Large numbers of Europeans moved to Americas
 Native American crops (corn, potato, tomato)
 brought to Europe [Colombian Exchange]
 Demand for African slaves increased
 Capitalism expanded with growth of trade
 Cultural exchanges occurred [cultural diffusion]
Christopher Columbus
 Accidentally found
 America while looking
 for a westward route
 to Asia
 His voyages
 considered a turning
 point in history
Vasco da Gama
 Discovered an all-
 water route from
 Europe to India
Ferdinand Magellan
 First person credited
 with circumnavigating
 the world
Hernando Cortes
 Conquered the Aztec
 Empire in Mexico in
 1519
Francisco Pizarro
 Conquered the Inca
 Empire in Peru in
 1833
Marco Polo
 Traveled to China
 [court of Kublai Khan]
 and brought back
 stories and goods to
 Europe
Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade
1500s to 1800s
Causes
 Europeans wanted cheap labor for work in
 the Americas
   Due to the demands of the agricultural
   economies of the New World
   The native peoples of America did not survive
   the labor
Effects
 Encouraged African warfare
   tribes went to war with other tribes to obtain slaves to
   trade for guns
 Disrupted African culture
   it created a legacy of violence, bitterness and social
   upheaval
 Increased cultural diffusion
   Slaves brought their songs and culture to New World
 Prejudice against Africans
Imperialism
 Domination by one country over the
 political, economic, or cultural life of
 another country or region
Causes
Economic          Social          Political
  Need for raw      Drive to         Desire for
materials         spread           great power
created by        Christianity     status
Industrial        [White Man’s
                  Burden]            Competitive
Revolution                         drive to gain
                    Rule by
  Desire for                       control of an
                  strongest and
place to invest                    area (for
                  fittest- need to
excess capital                     military)
                  spread superior
                                   before a rival
                  culture [Social
                  Darwinism]       could do so
Some Examples
 Spanish control of Latin America [old
 imperialism]
 British control of India
 Berlin Conference to divide Africa
 Japanese control of Manchuria
Positive Effects
 Built roads, railroads, and bridges
 Education improved
 Improved medical care
 Food supply increased
 Brought stability and unification to some
 areas
 Created industries, improved standard of
 living
Negative Effects
 People with common backgrounds separated
 Natural resources exploited
 Native cultures damaged
   Promoted racism
 Economic self-sufficiency lost
   Destroyed traditional patterns of trade
 Cash crop overemphasized
 Family life disrupted
   Introduced Western vices and diseases

								
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