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By: Sona Avedisyan and Sandra Sandoval It can happen face to face, by text messages, or on the web It is not limited by age, gender, or education level It is not a phase and it is not a joke It can cause lasting harm What is the role of the teacher? Why should they care? Important Responsibility Safe Learning Environment What students face in your classroom: The Bullying Circle (Olweus, 2010) School Violence Down, Bullying Up (Sognovi & Sognovi, 2010) Students at Risk (Sognovi & Sognovi, 2010) Teachers should Consider: Federal, Sate, and Local Laws Statutes: Title VI Civil Rights Act of Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972 Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 & Title II of the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 (Department of Education – Office or Civil Rights, 2010) School Policies Implementation More not Less Great Minds Think Alike Remember This Student Helpers Peaceful Attitudes (Biggs, Vernberg, Twemlow, Fonagy & Dill, 2008) Ask students about bullying Ask students about their relationships Build democratic classrooms and school climates Remember that bullying is also a problem of values As a teacher I feel I have a moral obligation to help the children in my classroom grow toward becoming full human beings and to feel successful. Teaching cognitive skills is not enough… - Jean Medick 77% of students are bullied mentally, verbally and physically 100,000 students carry a gun to school 1 out of 4 kids is bullied Each day 160,000 students miss school for fear of being bullied A school bullying statistics reveals that 43% fear harassment in the bathroom at school. 282,000 students are physically attacked in secondary schools each month Every 7 minutes a child is bullied Studies have shown that boys identified as bullies in middle school were four times as likely as their peers to have more than one criminal conviction by age twenty- four. Children who bully are more likely to engage in other criminal behaviors, such as: Fighting - Experience fear Vandalism - Depression Truancy - Loneliness Dropping out of school - Anxiety Stealing - Low self-esteem Smoking - Physical illness Alcohol/or drug abuse - Suicidal thought Fear of going to school Riding the bus Using the bathroom Being alone in the hallway. (This fear and anxiety can make it difficult for the child to focus and engage in the classroom, making learning that much more difficult) Talk with your children Tell your child not to respond to bullying Empathize with your child Work together to find solutions Document ongoing bullying Block the person who is bullying your children Contact law enforcement Be persistent Missing belongings, items, or clothing Unexpected injuries or pain Nightmares Different eating habits Hurts themselves Runs away from home Fear of going to school No interest in friends or school Feels sad, helpless Blames themselves and acts differently Becomes violent Has extra money without explanation Blames others Will not accept responsibility for their actions Has friends who bully others Needs to win and be best at everything Verbal: Name calling, teasing Social: Spreading rumors, leaving people out on purpose, breaking up friendships Physical: Hitting, punching, shoving Cyber bullying: using the internet, mobile phones, or other digital technologies to harm others. People tell me to smile but still, I rather frown. Because most don’t realize, I’m smiling upside down. WE SHOULD TREAT OTHERS THE WAY WE WANT TO BE TREATED Biggs, B., Vernberg, E., Twemlow, S., Fonagy, P., & Dill, E. (2008). Teacher adherence and its relation to teacher attitudes and student outcomes in an elementary school-based violence prevention program. School Psychology Review, 37, 533-549. Office for Civil Rights, (2010). Dear colleague letter: Harassment and bullying, United States Department of Education, White House Conference Bullying Prevention, on the Internet, http://www.stopbullying.gov/references/white_house_conference/ (visited April 27, 2011). OLWEUS, (2011). Bullying Prevention Program, on the Internet, http://www.olweus.org/public/bullying.page, (visited on May 1, 2011). Sognovi, S., & Sognovi, C., (2010). The essential bullying statistics every parent should know. On the Internet, http://www.urbandojo.com/blog (visited on May 1, 2010). Khadaroo, S (2011). Obama takes on bullies at white house anti-bullying summit. Christian Science Monitor, N.PAG. Sherer, Y., & Nickerson, A. (2010). Anti-bullying practices in American schools: Perspectives of school psychologists. Psychology in the Schools, 47(3), 217-229.
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