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                                                                                  JOURNAL OF
3 September 2002 • Volume 80 • Number 17
ISSN 1466-5123


                                                              Encouraging innovation
                                                              in the use of timber
                                                              and glulam
                                                              Hounslow East Station:
                                                              timber lamella roof
                                                              Sibelius Hall, Finland:
                                                              a symphony in wood
                                                              Making the grade with
                                                              Specifying timber from
                                                              sustainable sources
                                                              Appraisal and repair of
                                                              timber structures
                                                              Building on timber
                                                              codes and standards
                                                              The Belfast timber roof
                                                              truss: sustainable and
                                                              relevant today?

The Institution of Structural Engineers   THE
Founded 1908
Incorporated by Royal Charter 1934
11 Upper Belgrave Street
London SW1X 8BH
United Kingdom
T +44(0)20 7235 4535                      3 September 2002 • Volume 80 • Number 17                                                                                                JOURNAL OF
F +44(0)20 7235 4294

Professor David I Blockley
FREng BEng PhD DSc CEng

Chief Executive & Secretary               Front covers of The Structural Engineer are subject to a fee. If you are interested in taking a
Dr Keith Eaton                                 front cover in a future issue of the Journal please contact the Advertisement Manager,
BSc (Eng) PhD CEng FIStructE MIM                                                             Steve Jackson (tel: +44(0)1778 391 108).

Publications Manager                       The precast structure of this residential development at King Edwards Wharf in
Andy Lorans                                      the Convention Quarter, Birmingham was constructed by Bison Concrete
BSc(Eng) ACGI                               Products Ltd. The structure consists of precast concrete crosswalls, prestressed
                                                                                    hollow core units and precast staircases.
                                                                                     Client: Midland and City Developments

structuralengineer                                                                                  Main Contractor: Carillion
                                                                 Design Team: Architect 1) Concept: Turner Woolford Sharpe
Editor                                                                                       2) Design: Ian Darby Partnership
Kathy Stansfield                                                                   Structural Engineer: John Nolan Associates
BA(Hons) MA                                                                            Quantity Surveyor: Faithful and Gould
T +44(0)20 7201 9120
F +44(0)20 7201 9109

Assistant Editor
Ian Farmer
T +44(0)20 7201 9121
F +44(0)20 7201 9109
                                          Structural news                                                                             5
Art Editor
Damian LeBargy                            research update                                                                                   The Journal:
T +44(0)20 7201 9112
F +44(0)20 7201 9109
                                          Encouraging innovation in the use of                                                              • promotes the learned society role of the
                                                                                                                                            Institution by publishing refereed papers aimed at                   timber and glulam                                                                        12       advancing structural engineering which is the
                                                                                                                                            science and art of designing and making, with
Editorial Liaison                         project                                                                                           economy and elegance, buildings, bridges,
                                                                                                                                            frameworks, and other similar structures so that they
Sally Reynolds
T +44(0)20 7201 9147
                                          Hounslow East Station: timber lamella                                                             can safely resist the forces to which they may be
F +44(0)20 7201 9109                      roof structures                                                                          16       • provides structural engineers worldwide with                                                                                                                    information on practice, design, development and
                                          project                                                                                           research, education and training associated with the
Editorial Board                                                                                                                             profession of structural engineering and offers a
Professor J B Burland (UK)
                                          Sibelius Hall, Finland: a symphony in                                                             forum for discussion on these matters
                                                                                                                                            • assists The Institution of Structural Engineers in
Professor M Burdekin (UK)                 wood                                                                                     19       maintaining its internationally recognised high
Professor N S Trahair (Australia)                                                                                                           standards
Professor A Wada (Japan)                  technical note                                                                                    • provides the membership with worldwide inform-
                                                                                                                                            ation on recent professional and technical activities,
Professor Y K Cheung (Hong Kong)
Professor A G Davenport (Canada)
                                          Making the grade with timber                                                             22       headquarters and branch events, and provides a
                                                                                                                                            medium for relevant advertising.
Professor R Park (New Zealand)            technical note                                                                                    The Institution of Structural Engineers is the only
All editorial inquiries to:               Specifying timber from sustainable                                                                qualifying body in the world concerned solely with
                                                                                                                                            the theory and practice of structural engineering.
The Institution, at the above address
Copies of ‘Notes for Authors’
                                          sources                                                                                  24       Disclaimer. Papers or other contributions and the
                                                                                                                                            statements made or opinions expressed therein are
available on request                      technical update                                                                                  published on the understanding that the author of
                                                                                                                                            the contribution is solely responsible for the
All advertisement inquiries to:           Appraisal and repair of timber structures                                                26       opinions expressed in it or the accuracy of the
                                                                                                                                            results presented and that its publication does not
Advertisement Manager
                                          technical update                                                                                  necessarily imply that such statements and or
Steve Jackson                                                                                                                               opinions are or reflect the views or opinions of the
DipM                                      Building on timber codes and standards                                                   31       IStructE Council, Committees, members or
Warners Group Sales Ltd                                                                                                                     employees. Whilst all reasonable care has been taken
                                                                                                                                            in the preparation of this publication, no liability is
The Maltings, West Street
Bourne PE10 9PH
                                          Verulam                                                                                  35       accepted by the IStructE Council or any other
                                                                                                                                            IStructE Committees for any loss or damage caused
United Kingdom                            paper                                                                                             to any person relying on any statement, opinion or
T +44(0)1778 391 108                                                                                                                        omission in the Journal.
F +44(0)1778 394 748                      The Belfast timber roof truss: sustainable                                                        US distribution: The Structural Engineer (USPS #017-
                                          and relevant today?                                                                               884) is published every 1st and 3rd Tuesday each
                                                                                                                                            month for US$267 by The Institution of Structural
                                          J. R. Gilfillan BSc(Eng), PhD, FIWSc
                                          S. G. Gilbert BSc(Eng), PhD, CEng, MIStructE, MICE                                       37       US Mailing Agent: International Mail Distribution, A
                                                                                                                                            Division of Security Delivery Service, 52-09 31st
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                                                                                                                           3 September 2002 – The Structural Engineer|3
                                                                                                                                              structural news

Set sustainability targets for construction industry, engineers tell PM
The UK Prime Minister, Tony Blair, has     training and experience that most of           The letter says: ‘Your government        The single most important thing you
been advised to get tougher on             the solutions to unsustainable             has asked for a low carbon, resource         could do when you return from
sustainability issues in construction in   development already exist, and where       productive economy. A new industrial         Johannesburg is to set sustainability
the UK and at the Earth Summit in          there are gaps, we have the skills and     revolution, but this time to be              related targets for government,
Johannesburg.                              the resourcefulness to fill them. Give     delivered in the context of social and       business and industry.’
   In a letter to the PM, 12 young         us the targets and we will give you a      environmental justice. This is               • *A report produced by Engineers
engineers participating in the             way to reach them’.                        sustainable development.                     for Sustainability detailing ways to
Engineer for the 21st Century Inquiry         The letter is supported by Sir Peter        ‘But it won’t happen unless you put      ensure sustainable development can
project set up by Engineers for            Williams, Chairman of the Engineering      pressure on our clients to specify for       be downloaded from the web:
Sustainability*, urge him to set           & Technology Board, Sir Robert May,        it. Just as health and safety is             (
sustainability targets for industry. It    President of the Royal Society and         embedded into our contracts,                 cations). Further information on
says: ‘As engineers we expect to be        Professor Sir Alec Broers, President of    standards and guidelines, so                 Engineers for Sustainability: email:
challenged. We know from our               the Royal Academy of Engineering.          sustainable development should be. 

 President visits ground zero on New York visit

 A composite panoramic shot of Ground Zero, New York where the site has been completely cleared in
 preparation for any future construction (See report of the President’s visit p6)
 Inset: The President, Prof. David Blockley, with the General Manager of the World Trade Center site, Peter
 Rinaldi, P.E. of The Port Authority of New York & New Jersey

Stamp of authority                                                                                                                  Imagining better
On 10 September, Royal Mail will issue a set of five                                                                                futures
commemorative stamps entitled ‘The Bridges of London’.
To mark this occasion, IStructE has commissioned an                                                                                 Robin Nicholson CBE, Senior Director,
                                                                                                                                    Edward Cullinan architects, will present
exclusive First Day Cover produced by CoverCraft.
                                                                                                                                    the Hon. Fellow’s Address at the
   The First Day Cover carries all five stamps, a                                                                                   Institution on Thursday 26 September
photograph of the Millennium Bridge, and a unique                                                                                   2002 at 18.00h.
hand-stamp, incorporating the new IStructE logo.                                                                                       Entitled ‘The Owl and the Pussy-Cat:
   The total edition is limited to only 500. As a special                                                                           where shall we go?’ he will explore the
offer, CoverCraft are offering the First Day Cover to readers of The Structural Engineer for a special price of only £9.50          changing political and industrial
(plus p&p). Visit the website at, or email for more details.                             context in which we work and try to
                                                                                                                                    imagine better futures. He will consider
                                                                                                                                    current and new forms of practice and
                                                                                                                                    the suitability of our educational
Eurocodes: new design guides on the way                                                                                                There will also be a review of a range
                                                                                                                                    of his practice’s projects which illustrate
A new series of Designers Guides to        composite steel and concrete structures;   • EN 1994-1.1 Eurocode 4. Design              some engagement with these issues
the Eurocodes Series is being              fire engineering (actions on steel and     of composite and concrete structures:         and the working relationship with some
published. The first of 15 such guides     composite structures).                     General rules and rules for buildings.        of the leading UK engineers.
is available: Designers Guide to EN        • EN 1991-1.4 Eurocode 1. Actions          • EN 1994-2 Eurocode 4. Design of
1990 Eurocodes: Basis of structural        on structures: wind action.                composite steel and concrete structures:
design from Thomas Telford                 • EN 1991-2 Eurocode 1. Actions on         Bridges
Publishing. 14 more are planned for        structures: traffic loads and other        • EN 1995-1.1 Eurocode 5. Design
publication during 2003, each              actions on bridges.                        of timber structures: Common rules and
costing £50:                               • EN 1992-1.1 Eurocode 2. Design           rules for buildings.
• EN 1991-1.2, 1991-1.3 and EN             of concrete structures; Common rules       • EN 1996 Eurocode 6. Design of
1991-1.5 to 1.7 Eurocode 1. Actions        for buildings and civil engineering        masonry structures.
on structures General rules and actions    structures.                                • EN 1997 Eurocode 7. Geotechnical
on buildings (except wind).                • EN 1992-2 Eurocode 2. Design of          design.
• EN 1991-1.2, 1993-1.2 and EN             concrete structures: Bridges               • EN 1998-1 Eurocode 8. Design
1994-1.2 Eurocode 1. Actions on            • EN 1993-1.1 Eurocode 3. Design           provision for earthquake resistant
                                                                                                                                    Robin Nicholson: exploring
structures. Eurocode 3. Design of steel    of steel structures: General rules for     structures: general rules, seismic actions
                                                                                                                                    changing context
structures. Eurocode 4. Design of          buildings.                                 and rules for buildings.

                                                                                                                   3 September 2002 – The Structural Engineer|5
 structural news

New York visit reveals extent of WTC disaster
The Ground Zero site where the World     George Tamaro (F), had been
Trade Center towers once stood was       constantly involved at Ground Zero for
the focus of the visit by Prof. David    several months. They had been called
Blockley and Dr Keith Eaton to New       in as foundation engineers within a
York, on the first leg of their North    week of 11 September, and had spent
American tour. They discussed            several months examining the stability
developments on the site with Pablo      of the debris and the diaphragm wall
Lopez and Andrew Pontecorvo of           all around the site, commonly known
Mueser Rutledge.                         as the “bathtub” They had been key
   Dr Eaton said: ‘We were given a       individuals in advising on the
fascinating insight into what had been   excavation of the site, with a great
happening at the site. Our hosts,        deal of care being needed before
under the firm’s principal engineer      debris could be removed in order to

                                                                                  The President presenting a copy of the Safety in tall buildings report to
                                                                                  the President of the ASCE Metropolitan Section, Maria Grazia Bruschi

                                                                                  maintain the stability of the original          At a meeting with Les Robertson,
                                                                                  slurry walls.                                the principal structural engineering
                                                                                      ‘They showed us many fascinating         designer of the World Trade Center
                                                                                  slides’ he continued, ‘ranging from          towers, and his senior partner Saw-
                                                                                  molten metal which was still red hot         Teen See, at their offices close to
                                                                                  weeks after the event, to 4-inch thick       Ground Zero, some of their key
                                                                                  steel plates sheared and bent in the         projects were discussed, including an
                                                                                  disaster’. Other images explained the        amazing new tall building in
                                                                                  concerns of the New Jersey authorities       Shanghai. ‘We naturally discussed
                                                                                  over the PATH train tunnels (which           aspects of the World Trade Center
                                                                                  had linked the WTC site to New Jersey        towers, and the effects it had had on
                                                                                  across the Hudson River). These              Les and the practice’ said Dr Eaton. ‘It
                                                                                  tunnels were leaking after the disaster,     was very sobering, and poignant, to
                                                                                  and might have allowed a tremendous          see the view from Les’s office, where
                                                                                  amount of water to flood through into        the twin towers once stood.’
                                                                                  New Jersey. A 10m mass concrete plug
                                                                                  was placed in the tunnels, just in case.     Risk discussion
                                                                                      Ground Zero General Manager,             At a joint technical meeting of the
                                                                                  Peter Rinaldi of the New York Port           ASCE Metropolitan Section with
                                                                                  Authority (the owners of the site)           IStructE members, chaired by Maria
                                                                                  joined them for a visit to view Ground       Grazia Bruschi, President of the
                                                                                  Zero and explained what is currently         Section, 40 people heard the President
                                                                                  happening. Dr Eaton said: ‘He too had        give a presentation on ‘Risk, reliability
                                                                                  been closely involved for the past 11        and vulnerability’. According to Dr
                                                                                  months, and clearly these engineers          Eaton this was well received and
                                                                                  are continuing to play a vital part of all   resulted in considerable discussion
                                                                                  the ongoing operations – and will            with those present. ‘The evening also
                                                                                  continue to do so over the next couple       provided an ideal opportunity to meet
                                                                                  of years’.                                   with some of our IStructE members in

6|The Structural Engineer – 3 September 2002
                                                                                                         structural news

Above: Prof. Blockley and Dr
Eaton with Les Robertson,
structural engineer for the World
Trade Center twin towers, during
their visit to his offices in New
Right: The view of Ground Zero
from the offices of Leslie E
Robertson Associates, LERA

New York’, he said, ‘and everyone
present was interested to see the
copies of the new report into Safety in
tall buildings.’                          Structural Engineers Association of
                                          New York. SEAoNY is just 7 years old,
Other meetings about                      and currently has 450 members.
collaboration                                 Since 11 September 2001, SEAoNY
Whilst in New York, they had other        has taken on an important role,
useful meetings with several IStructE     proactively co-ordinating activities of
members and with other                    its members in the clean-up
organisations, some of which were         operation and the on-going
kindly hosted and facilitated at the      assessment of buildings (see
Arup offices. The registration process
of professional engineers (PE) in New         Dr Eaton said: ‘We exchanged
York State compared to that in the UK     information with SEAoNY about
was discussed with the New York State     IStructE, and it was agreed that both
Licensing Board for Engineers. Then       organisations would benefit from a
they met officials from SEAoNY, the       continuing collaboration.’

  Sharing the Mackintosh dream

 Charles Rennie Mackintosh is acknowledged as one of Europe’s most influential
 architects. His 1901 competition entry for a House for an Art Lover was widely
 published and become a seminal design of the 20th Century, yet it remained
 unbuilt for 90 years.
    At an Evening Meeting at the Institution on Thursday 17 October, Graham
 Roxburgh (F) tells the story of how he came to share Mackintosh’s dream and
 how that dream was eventually realised in a Glasgow City Park. The full paper
 will appear in the 17 September issue of the Journal.

                                                                                    3 September 2002 – The Structural Engineer|7
 structural news

Institution renews co-operation agreement with ASCE
The IStructE and ASCE (American                                                                                                higher speciality level, in much the
Society of Civil Engineers) have                                                                                               same way as in British Columbia.
renewed an Agreement of Co-                                                                                                       There are 55 separate jurisdictions
operation, updating the 3-year                                                                                                 in the USA, and all States individually
agreement of February 1999. The                                                                                                license professional engineers (PE) as
new agreement, with the same                                                                                                   one broad discipline. However, in just
objectives and activities, will now run                                                                                        11 States, there is a higher, more
for a further 3 years to August 2005.                                                                                          rigorous qualification for structural
   The President and Dr Eaton spent a                                                                                          engineers (SE), and to achieve this
day at the ASCE World Headquarters                                                                                             they have to sit an 8-hour SE2
in Reston, near Washington DC. Jim                                                                                             examination. The SE2 exam is taken
Davis, ASCE Executive Director,                                                                                                in two 4-hour parts, one relating to
explained the Society’s new vision                                                                                             general design and costs for a
statement, which sees ‘Engineers as                                                                                            building structure, the other relating
global leaders building a better                                                                                               to a series of specific component
quality of life for themselves and all                                                                                         problems (selecting say three out of
humanity’.                                                                                                                     five options). It was agreed that a
   ‘The Society is making great efforts                                                                                        mapping exercise be undertaken to
to embrace the needs of its young                                                                                              compare the IStructE Chartered
engineers’, Mr Davies said. He noted                                                                                           Membership examination with the
that values and perceptions have          The President outside the ASCE World Headquarters at Reston, near                    SE2 exam.
changed, with less emphasis on            Washington DC
loyalty and commitment, and more                                                                                               Co-operation
of a ‘what’s in it for me?’ approach.     (consulting engineer, SEI President for   containing 11 years of papers etc.         It was decided that a specific
   The ASCE website contains              its first 3 years), Max Porter (from      Copies of the IStructE’s report on         agreement was necessary between
information, updated daily, about         Iowa University, Immediate Past           Safety in tall buildings were              SEI and IStructE (in more detail and
structural engineering everywhere in      President), and John Durrant ASCE-        exchanged with copies of the FEMA          containing more achievable short-
the world ( ASCE            SEI Executive Director.                   report on the attacks at the World         term goals than the general ASCE
journals are available on-line and the        The other institutes within ASCE      Trade Center and the Pentagon,             agreement). In principle it could
Society currently runs 25 on-line         are Geotechnical (1996),                  presented by SEI.                          include:
distance learning programmes.             Architectural Engineering (1998),                                                    • A closer linkage of websites
   Prof. Blockley covered the             Environment & Water Resources             Registration of structural                 • Exchanges of journals
IStructE’s expanding website, our         (1999), Coastal Engineering (2000)        engineers in the US                        • Consideration of joint publications
membership in 105 countries, and          and Construction (2000). All ASCE         Since the February ‘summit meeting’        • Reciprocal marketing of
the rigour of our examination             members can identify with one or          attended by Dr Eaton (see structural          publications to our members
process.                                  more of these institutes, and all         news 5 March 2002, p6) the SEI had         • Greater collaboration at SEI
                                          institutes also allow non-ASCE            been considering how to move                  Structures conferences.
Structural Engineering                    members to join as affiliates.            forward on registration and possible
Institute                                     The ASCE/SEI were very interested     certification of structural engineers in   Dr Eaton said of the meetings: ‘The
The ASCE moved its HQ offices from        in the IStructE, and were briefed on      the US.                                    President and I were delighted to
New York to Reston in 1994, and the       membership procedures,                       Different terms are used in             hear Dennis Tewksbury say that this
Structural Engineering Institute (SEI),   examinations, and the registration of     different countries for registration,      has probably been the most
the first specialist institute within     structural engineers in many              certification, licensing etc. of           successful day in the history of the
ASCE, was formed on 1 October             countries around the world. Prof          structural engineers. In the US            SEI. We certainly agreed with this
1996 (see           Blockley and Dr Eaton presented           context, certification marks the           from the IStructE viewpoint, and
   Prof Blockley and Dr Eaton met,        copies of examination papers, the         identification and recognition of an       everyone was positive about the
amongst others, Dennis Tewksbury          examiners reports, and the CD-ROM         already licensed engineer, but to a        ongoing initiatives we had discussed.’

Jim Davis, ASCE Executive Director and the President signing the new                Left to right: Max Porter, Keith Eaton, John Durrant, David Blockley
ASCE - IStructE Agreement of Cooperation                                            and Dennis Tewksbury

8|The Structural Engineer – 3 September 2002
 structural news

TRADA to open membership to design professions                                                                                     Timber events
The Timber Research and                     with design formulae. There will also           TRADA is also concerned about the
Development Association (TRADA) is          be CPD material and a suppliers’            amount of waste residues from
                                                                                                                                   Innovation & sustainability
                                                                                                                                   An exhibition showcasing wood
launching a new website ‘askTRADA’          directory, plus a director’s briefing       timber processing, totalling               entitled ‘Innovation &
which aims to attract professionals         section containing updated                  500 000t/year, worth £400m, which          sustainability’ opens on 25
such as engineers, architects and           information on changes in the law           its member companies send to               September at the Building
surveyors. They are seen as potential       etc.                                        landfill. Consultant Stan Terry’s survey   Centre, London, run by the wood.
new members, and as part of a drive             The developments are in response        of members revealed that most did          for good campaign. There will also
to create greater awareness of timber       to pressures on membership income,          not see it as their problem and did        be a series of seminars on wood
as ‘the preferred construction              and surveys which showed that the           not monitor waste levels.                  through October.
material’.                                  benefits of using timber needed to be           The difficulty was in convincing the   • Further information: website:
   The website, which goes live at the      more widely disseminated. ‘TRADA            smaller companies of the long term         (www.woodforgood).
end of October, will contain much           has to be more vocal and influential,       business benefits of a more                Timber & built environment
useful information for specifiers and       proactive, not reactive’, said its          sustainable approach, he said, while       A conference on Timber and the
designers. TRADA wants to be seen in        Chairman, Geoff Shaw. ‘The greatest         the larger companies tended to have        built environment will be held at
future as a centre of excellence for        barrier to increasing the use of wood       accepted this. Much of the waste is        the Hub, Castlehill, Edinburgh,
timber knowledge and information.           is ignorance’, he said, ‘ the wood          small volume and mixed. In the UK          Scotland on 17-18 October 2002.
There are around 100 000 timber             chain is often perplexing; we need to       the market for wood residues is small,        It will offer guidance and
specifiers worldwide, whom the              keep it simple’.                            but the potential is great, according      encouragement in sourcing and
website will aim to reach with a mix            The Board has agreed to admit to        to Mr Terry. Much more use is made         using sustainably produced
of technical information and advice,        its membership representatives of the       of wood residues for composites in
                                                                                                                                   • Further information: RIAS
case studies, timber species guide          professions it hopes to attract.            the United States, for example. He
                                                                                                                                   events Unit, 15 Rutland Square,
and specification clauses. For                  Further information on the website      cited two websites for further             Edinburgh EH1 2BE (tel: 0131 229
structural engineers there will be a        from Jeremy Vibert (tel 01494 569           information: and         7545; fax: 0131 228 2188;
CAD drawings list and detail library        643; email:                  
                                                                                                                                   Timber specification
                                                                                                                                   The Forest Stewardship Council is
                                                                                                                                   running a series of free seminars in
                                            Update your email address                                                              major cities in the UK between
                                                                                                                                   September and December,
                                            From 1 October the IStructE will send          This email address will only be         explaining the importance of
 Dr John Newman has been
 appointed President of the Concrete        some common documents via email             used by the Institution, and will          specifying certified timber. The
 Society 2002-2003. He is Reader in         instead of post: subscription receipts,     NEVER be passed on to any other            FSC will also provide tailored
 Concrete Studies and Director,             CPD forms, etc. This will enable you        organisation. If you wish to stop          workshops or speakers for events.
 Postgraduate Studies at Imperial           to receive what you need much more          receiving emails from us at any            • Further information: FSC UK
 College, London. Dr Howard Taylor          quickly.                                    time, simply remove your                   Working Group (tel: 01686 413
 (F) of Tarmac Precast is President             To take advantage of this you must      communications email address via           916; web:
 Designate and will take office in July     first register a communications email       the Members’ Quarter.
 2003.                                      address with us. This is easy to do.           All documents will be in PDF
                                            Just visit the website:                     format, viewable with the free Adobe
 It is with regret that we report the
 death of two fellows on the Institution: and enter the           Acrobat Reader (download from:
 Ken Kemp (F) died on 8 August. He          Members’ Quarter (you need to      For those                  International events
 was 2002-Emeritus Professor of CE at       register if it is the first time you have   members without email, we will
 UCL London and former Chairman of          been in). Simply click on ‘Edit your        continue to send paper documents
                                                                                                                                   Steel and space structures
 the Joint Board of Moderators              details online’, go into the                by post, but these could take longer
                                                                                                                                   The 7th international conference on
 Brian Scruby (F) Past President 1967-      communications details, and add             to reach you with the pending              ‘Steel and space structures’,
 1968. An obituary will be published.       your email address.                         changes to mail deliveries.                organised by the Singapore
                                                                                                                                   Structural Steel Society will take
                                                                                                                                   place from 2-3 October 2002 at
                                                                                                                                   the Hotel New Otani, Singapore.
                                                                                                                                   • Contact: CI-Premier PTE Ltd, 150
 Call for papers for international events                                                                                          Orchard Road #07-14, Orchard
                                                                                                                                   Plaza, Singapore 238 841
 The 56th IIW Annual Assembly of the world’s leading welding experts will meet in Bucharest, Romania from 6-11 July                (tel: (065) 6733 2922;
 2003 The event includes a conference on Achievements and perspectives in producing welded construction for urban                  fax: (065) 6235 3530;
 environments on 11 July. Abstracts should be submitted by 30 September 2002. Contact: Mrs A. Caneparu, ISIM             ;
 Timisoara, Bv. Mihai Viteazul 30, 1900 Timisoara, Romania (tel: +40 256 191 831; fax: +40 256 192 797;                            web:
                                                                                                                                   Carbon Fiber 2002
 Concrete in the 3rd Millennium, the 21st Biennial Conference of the Concrete Institute of Australia, will be held in              The 5th international business
 Brisbane, Queensland, Australia from 17-19 July 2003. Abstracts of 250 words (preferably online) are invited by 18                development conference on ‘The
 October 2002. Contact: CIA 2003 Conference Secretariat, Congress West, PO Box 1248, West Perth, Australia 6872                    Global outlook for Carbon Fiber
 (web:                                                                                               2002’ will be held in Raleigh, North
                                                                                                                                   Carolina from 21-23 October. It
 Non-destructive testing in civil engineering (NDT-CE) will be held from 16-19 September 2003 in Berlin, Germany. It is            will discuss new developments in
 the 6th such event and will discuss new developments for testing materials, building components, buildings and                    applications for carbon fiber,
 structures. Abstracts of 300 words are invited by 1 November 2002. These should be submitted electronically on the form           including emerging markets such as
 on the website: ( Contact: Mrs Ute Salac, DGZfP Max-Planck-Strasse 6, 12489 Berlin, Germany                    deep water oil platforms and wind
 (tel: +49 (0)30 678 07 120; fax: +49 (0) 30 678 07 129; email:                                                energy.
                                                                                                                                   • Contact: Intertech 19
 Fatigue damage of materials will be held in Toronto, Canada, from 14-16 July 2003. It will be the first international             Northbrook Office Park, Portland,
 conference on experiment and analysis in the field, bringing together fatigue researchers and engineers.                          Maine 04105 USA (tel: +(207) 781
 The deadline for papers is 14 February 2003. Contact: Conference Secretariat, Fatigue 2003, Wessex Institute of                   9800; fax: +(207) 781 2150; email:
 Technology, Ashurst Lodge, Ashurst, Southampton SO40 7AA. (tel: 44 (0) 238 029 3223; fax: 44 (0) 238 029 2853;          ; web:

10|The Structural Engineer – 3 September 2002

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