POSTURE STATEMENT 2006

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POSTURE STATEMENT 2006 Powered By Docstoc
					IGHT PLACE, RIGHT TIME, RIGHT ADVERSARY




                                          P O S T U R E S TAT E M E N T 2 0 0 6
                                          United States Special Operations Command
      USSOCOM         “To be the premier team of special warriors,
Vision Statement   thoroughly prepared, properly equipped, and highly motivated:

                   at the right place, at the right
                   time, facing the right adversary,
                   leading the Global War on Terrorism, accomplishing the
                   strategic objectives of the United States.”




                                                                 P O S T U R E S TAT E M E N T 2 0 0 6   i
                                             EXECUTIVE SUMMARY....................................................... 1


                                             LEADING THE GLOBAL WAR ON TERRORISM ............... 2

TABLE OF CONTENTS                                    Taking the Lead
                                                     The Campaign Strategy
                                                     Pushing Forward
                                                     Creating Success on the Battlefield


                                             SOF READINESS ................................................................ 14
                                                     People
                                                     Training and Education
                                                     SOF Warrior Systems
                                                     Retention
                                                     Budget Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics
                                                     Quadrennial Defense Review
                                                     Equipment Advances and Initiatives
                                                     Science and Technology
                                                     Acquisition Logistics


                                             BUILDING SOF’S FUTURE ................................................ 24
                                                     The Way Ahead
                                                     Conclusion




ii   P O S T U R E S TAT E M E N T 2 0 0 6
            U
                        nited States Special Operations Command (USSOCOM) has undergone an unprecedented transformation
                        in the last three years: from a force provider to a combatant command with global responsibilities leading
                        the War on Terrorism. Enabled by Congressional and Department of Defense support, USSOCOM has
            increased resources, manning, training, and capability. These increases, coupled with four years of combat experience
            and an imaginative vision, have created the most lethal and agile Special Operations force in history. Focused
            on developing the specific skills required for the Global War on Terrorism, USSOCOM shifted funding from large
            programs to enhanced training and equipment for the SOF Warrior: Global scouts with specialized skills to
            locate, identify, and defeat our adversaries. This remarkable transformation shaped the Command into a Combatant
            Headquarters uniquely capable and postured to lead the Department of Defense in the Global War on Terrorism,
            while producing the most capable Special Operations Forces ever.
              Special Operations Forces (SOF) are in Afghanistan and Iraq defending our Nation against terrorism on a daily
            basis. However, it is Special Operation’s unique, but less visible, ability to help establish the conditions to counter and
            defeat terrorism through Unconventional Warfare, Psychological Operations, Foreign Internal Defense, Special
            Reconnaissance, and Civil Affairs that will become increasingly vital to our long-term success in the Global War on
            Terrorism (GWOT). USSOCOM recognizes that the United States is engaged in an extended, global campaign that
            requires the unique skills of special operations, as well as the strengths of our conventional military forces, government
            agencies, and our international partners. As a combatant command with a worldwide mission, USSOCOM’s perspective
            is not constrained by geography. The Command’s strategic campaign plan incorporates all Department of Defense (DoD)
            capabilities and recognizes the need for extensive interagency and partner nation participation to achieve final victory.
              The SOF Warrior is the key to Special Operations’ tremendous success both now and in the future. The human
            being is SOF’s primary weapons system and the focus of USSOCOM’s resources. Specially assessed and selected,
            mature, innovative, regionally oriented, and culturally
            attuned special operators are the best force to take on the           SOF TRUTHS
            Global War on Terrorism across the full spectrum of
                                                                                  > Humans are more important than hardware

EXECUTIVE
            conflict. Enabled by unparalleled training and a dynamic
            acquisitions process that provides world class equipment,             > Quality is better than quantity


SUMMARY                                                                           > Special operations forces cannot be mass produced
            the SOF Warrior is a dominant force on today’s battlefield.
              To understand special operations it is imperative to start          > Competent special operations forces cannot be
            with its tenets: the four SOF Truths. These truths provide              created after emergencies occur
            the guiding principles for the Command.


                                                                                 Right Place, Right Time, Right Adversary         1
                                                  n 1986, Congress created the United States Special Operations Command,
                                                  a uniquely qualified, joint force, to deal with emerging terrorist threats. In
                                                  doing so Congress established a command with the specialized skills and
                                             global perspective the United States would need 15 years later to defeat a threat
                                             on a global battlefield on a scale unimaginable at the time. Today, USSOCOM
                                             is a leader in DoD’s efforts in the Global War on Terrorism, defending our
                                             freedom and way of life far forward, and helping to ensure the security of the
                                             United States and its allies.

                                             A Global Enemy
                                                                                                         U.S. SPECIAL OPERATIONS COMMAND PRIORITIES
                                               Organizations, and in some cases individuals, with
                                             global reach have established diverse, worldwide            1. Global War on Terrorism
                                             networks, with links to other terrorist groups, state       2. Readiness
                                             sponsors, criminal enterprises, and organizations
                                             willing to provide support. These networks are self         3. Building SOF’s Future
                                             organizing and dispersed, comprising formal,
                                             informal, family, and cultural associations tied by
                                             varied and sometimes near-invisible links. They ex-        Terrorist financial and communications networks can
                                             ploit the vulnerabilities of free, open, and democratic    be disrupted and exploited. Their power to motivate
                                             societies and find safe haven by taking advantage of        and recruit new zealots can be reduced or eradicated
                                             seams in nation states’ policies and infrastructures.      by addressing the underlying conditions that make
                                             Networked cells are led by motivated, well-trained,        individuals susceptible to terrorist recruitment.
                                             yet easily replaced, leadership and operatives. They         Critical to the United States’ success in the GWOT is
       LEADING THE                           rely on robust communications through cellular phones,
                                             the internet, and courier networks and receive financing
                                                                                                        the ability to find, fix, and finish terrorists, disrupt or
                                                                                                        destroy their networks, and deny them sanctuary and

    GLOBAL WAR ON                            through legitimate and illicit businesses and charities.
                                               However, terrorist groups are not invincible; they
                                                                                                        new recruits. To do this, all facets of the terrorist threat
                                                                                                        must be understood: their ideologies, their leaders,

        TERRORISM
                                             have vulnerabilities that can be used to defeat them.      their organizations, their methods of communica-
                                             Their ability to move undetected around the globe is       tion, their supporters and those who finance terrorist
                                             decreasing as they leave “trails” that can be tracked.     activities, and the emerging terrorist organizations of


2    P O S T U R E S TAT E M E N T 2 0 0 6
tomorrow. Within DoD, SOF have the unique skills         the Command developed a comprehensive plan                   SYNCHRONIZATION: The arrangement of
and cultural understanding to effectively engage to-      addressing terrorism on a global scale, which today          military actions in time, space, and purpose
day’s primary and most dangerous terrorist threat––      serves as the foundation for DoD’s effort in the              to produce maximum relative combat power
transnational terrorism, particularly the al-Qaida       GWOT. In addition, USSOCOM developed new                     at a decisive place and time.
network. USSOCOM has developed a list of high            organizations such as the Joint Psychological                                                Joint Publication 1-02
priority and priority countries to precisely employ      Operations Support Element, the Joint Intelligence
limited SOF assets and focus regional intelligence,      Operations Center, and a robust exercise program
planning, and DoD operations to most effectively          to promote interoperability, coordination, and           combined with USSOCOM’s global mission makes
defeat this threat.                                      communication between all levels of government.          USSOCOM a combatant command able to affect
                                                         USSOCOM’s leadership, vision, and initiative in          military action on a global scale, across all geographic
Taking the Lead                                          prosecuting the GWOT was validated most recently         boundaries. USSOCOM then redirected its Center
                                                         by retired General Wayne Downing’s November              for Special Operations to develop a global perspective
  After the terrorists attacks of September 11, 2001     2005 Special Operations Assessment as well as by five     on terrorism, serve as the Command’s link to other
USSOCOM took the lead for DoD in defeating the           other major studies since September 11, 2001.            government agencies, coordinate USSOCOM’s efforts
Taliban in Afghanistan. In 2004, the President and         After 9/11 the President and the Secretary of          with the overall U.S. strategy. Its crowning achieve-
Secretary of Defense gave USSOCOM the lead in            Defense directed significant expansion of USSO-           ment is the creation of a DoD global campaign plan
the Global War on Terrorism. Today, al-Qaida is          COM’s authorities to enhance the Command’s ability       to defeat terrorism with significant interagency
significantly weaker with its key leaders captured        to employ its forces. In order to implement these new    involvement. This plan is being used as the overall
or killed, and its remaining leadership physically       responsibilities, USSOCOM established the Center         U.S. military strategy to combat terrorism and has
isolated as a result of the integration of DoD and       for Special Operations (CSO) which blends the            the potential to serve as the framework for assigning
interagency efforts and the might of the U.S. military,   functions of intelligence, operations, and long-range    resources (people, equipment, and money) for the
including SOF’s unique skills.                           planning and strategy into a single directorate to       long-term fight to defeat terrorism globally.
  To meet the challenge of leading DoD’s efforts,         eliminate stove pipes and capitalize on the natural        In this new GWOT role, USSOCOM’s specific
USSOCOM transformed the headquarters’ focus              synergy created when these functions are collocated      responsibilities include:
from primarily resourcing into a combatant command       under a single director. The CSO’s joint staff, aug-
with a strategic global perspective. Within the struc-   mented with interagency liaisons, was designed to            > Integrating Department of Defense strategy,
ture of the National Counterterrorism Center’s           exercise command and control of USSOCOM’s war                  plans, intelligence priorities, and operations
National Implementation Plan, and the National           on terrorism operations.                                       against terrorist networks designated by the
Military Strategic Plan for the War on Terrorism,          The President further expanded USSOCOM’s                     Secretary of Defense
                                                         responsibilities in the 2004 Unified Command Plan             > Planning campaigns against designated
                                                         (UCP), to “serving as the lead combatant commander             terrorist networks
                                                         for planning, synchronizing, and as directed, execut-
                                                         ing global operations against terrorist networks in          > Prioritizing and synchronizing theater security
                                                         coordination with other combatant commanders.”                 cooperation activities, deployments, and capabili-
                                                         The addition of synchronization responsibility enables         ties supporting campaigns against designated
                                                         USSOCOM to arrange military actions to ensure                  terrorist networks in coordination with the
                                                         the optimum employment of force. This authority                Geographic Combatant Commanders (GCCs)


                                                                                                                      Right Place, Right Time, Right Adversary                 3
USSOCOM MISSION:
                                                            The Campaign Strategy                                       SOF engaged in key locations, for the right amount
> USSOCOM leads, plans, synchronizes, and,                                                                              of time, to accomplish the desired mission.
 as directed, executes global operations                      It is no longer the Command’s intent to deploy,             Incorporating the “presence for purpose” concept,
 against terrorist networks.                                fight, and win “any place, any time.” This concept did       the Command crafted a campaign strategy as part of
                                                            not reflect the need to judiciously use limited assets in    an integrated national strategy that, in coordination
> USSOCOM trains, organizes, equips, and                    a global conflict. Rather, the new vision expresses a need
 deploys combat-ready special operations                                                                                with other government agencies and coalition partners,
                                                            for low density, high demand SOF assets to be postured
 forces to combatant commands.                                                                                          provides the framework for the DoD’s GWOT strategy.
                                                            with a “presence for purpose”, to be at the “right
                                                                                                                        This plan is the foundation of the DoD’s synchronized,
                                                            place, at the right time, facing the right adversary.” To
     > Exercising command and control of operations in                                                                  comprehensive, and continuous global campaign that
                                                            achieve this posture, USSOCOM is developing a
       support of selected campaigns, as directed           strategy to position SOF for an extended campaign.          contributes to both the defeat of violent extremist
                                                              Forward engagement with foreign governments and           organizations as well as the establishment and mainte-
     > Providing military representation to U.S. national                                                               nance of a global environment inhospitable to violent
       and international agencies for matters related       their militaries remains crucial to accomplishing this
                                                            vision. Transnational terrorist organizations plan          extremism. This includes marginalizing extremist
       to U.S. and multinational campaigns against                                                                      thought, providing a vision of hope, and creating
       designated terrorist networks, as directed by the    globally, resource regionally, and act locally. USSO-
                                                            COM has enhanced SOF presence forward at key                conditions favorable to peaceful and just societies.
       Secretary of Defense                                                                                             USSOCOM’s strategy has four guiding principles:
                                                            locations around the globe to work in unison with
     > Planning Operational Preparation of the Envi-        Partner and Host Nation militaries and their security           > Preventing the emergence of new terrorist threats
       ronment (OPE); executing OPE or synchronizing        forces to locate, identify, and defeat threats to their
       the execution of OPE in coordination with the        and our homelands. When terrorists attempt to                   > Isolating terrorist threats from their support bases
       Geographic Combatant Commanders                      exploit a seam and find sanctuary, SOF and their                 > Defeating or destroying terrorist threats
   These new responsibilities for synchronizing the         partners will be poised to act. This does not mean
                                                                                                                            > Preventing the reconstitution of threats once they
 Department of Defense’s effort for the Global War on        SOF need to be permanently forward deployed or
                                                                                                                              are defeated
 Terrorism are in addition to USSOCOM’s unique              based, but only that there is “presence for purpose”:
 legislated responsibilities as a combatant command to
 train, organize, equip, and provide combat-ready                                                                                    Weapons of Mass Destruction
                                                                   THREAT MODEL:
 SOF to the Geographic Combatant Commands.                                                                                           Acquisition
                                                                                                                                     Transportation
 Consequently, USSOCOM is the only combatant                          Successful Terrorist Operations
                                                                                                                                     Utilization
                                                                      Increase recruiting                                                                 Global Network Links
 command that can directly adjust its training,                       Influence the fringe                                                                 Leadership
 reorganize its units, and directly provide the SOF                   Ideological justification                                                            Communications
 Warrior with the necessary equipment to be successful                                                                                                    Intelligence
 in response to changing world events. This unique                                                                                                        Movement
                                                               Core Motivation                                                                            Support
 combination of authorities allows USSOCOM the                 Religious                                                                                  Logistics
                                                                                                                                                                       Unwilling States
 flexibility to tailor its force to meet emerging threats       Political                                                                                  Finance
                                                                                                                                                                       WILLINGNESS
 whether emphasizing Unconventional Warfare today              Financial
                                                                                                                                                                       State Sponsors
                                                               Territorial
 or shifting emphasis to provide specialized skills in         Criminal     Underlying Conditions
                                                                                                                                                                       Tacit/Active Support
                                                                                                                                                Incapable States       Failed States
 support of conventional forces in the future.                              Lack of political voice
                                                                                                                                                CAPABILITY             Internal Political Risk
                                                                            Perceived social injustices
                                                                                                                                                CT Capability
                                                                            Religious persecution
                                                                                                                                                Internal Security
                                                                            Economic disparity
                                                                                                                                                Intelligence
 4    P O S T U R E S TAT E M E N T 2 0 0 6                                 Perceived deprivation
                                                                                                   LEADING THE GLOBAL WAR ON TERRORISM

  USSOCOM’s strategy addresses the requirement to                > FIRST, SOF must prevent terrorist organizations        indigenous counterterrorist force in Iraq will
generate both short-term and long-term effects on                   from obtaining the resources and access neces-         provide a means for the U.S. to reduce its presence
adversaries and the operational environments in                    sary to carry out attacks. These actions must be       and shift focus to the broader global network while
which they are found. Efforts to generate these                     oriented on the network infrastructure and lead-       still maintaining long-term security not only in Iraq,
effects, both long- and short-term, must be under-                  ership that provide our adversaries global access      but throughout the region.
taken simultaneously and with close international                  and connectivity.                                        On average in 2005, more than 85 percent of
and interagency cooperation and coordination.                                                                             deployed SOF was in Central Command’s area of
Fundamental to executing this strategy is preventing             > SECOND, SOF must target the critical resources
                                                                                                                          responsibility, leaving few special operators to pursue
the emergence/reconstitution of terrorist threats and              and capabilities our adversaries need to plan,
                                                                                                                          long-term operations in other areas such as the Philip-
SOF’s unique capabilities are instrumental in this                 resource, and execute attacks. SOF’s main
                                                                                                                          pines and the Trans Sahara region of Africa. Ultimately
role. SOF’s innate ability to conduct Unconventional               effort in this regard is to deny them the ability
                                                                                                                          we have to be victorious in Afghanistan and Iraq to
Warfare (UW) (working with, by, and through                        to acquire, develop, sell, or use Weapons of
                                                                                                                          defeat terrorism, but the Global War on Terrorism
indigenous or surrogate forces), its ability to build              Mass Destruction (WMD).
                                                                                                                          will not be won in just Afghanistan and Iraq. Beyond
partner nations’ counterterrorism capability through             > THIRD, SOF must disrupt the ability of terrorist       these immediate conflicts lies the long-term fight.
Foreign Internal Defense (FID) (training host nation               organizations to operate effectively by attack-
forces to deal with internal and external threats), and            ing the support base upon which they depend,
SOF’s robust interagency cooperation within the U.S.               using both lethal and non-lethal means. SOF must
Government all place Special Operations Forces at the              remove not only their ability to execute success-
forefront of the GWOT. There is no “silver bullet” for             ful terrorist operations now, but also their ability
success, and––like the Cold War––it will take a sustained,         to generate additional support and sustain
national effort over many years to achieve victory.                 their organization.

The Short-Term Fight                                           Instrumental in achieving these three objectives is
                                                             the creation of stability within Iraq and Afghanistan.
  The highest priority for SOF will continue to be           U.S. Central Command, through the conventional
preventing adversaries from attacking the United             military and special operations, is helping build the
States, its citizens and interests, and its allies and       strong indigenous military forces needed for long-
friends. As threats emerge, SOF are poised to intercept,     term stability. In the last year, SOF have significantly
defeat and destroy them through skillful direct action       contributed to Iraq’s future stability and security by
operations at the precise locations and times required.      building a highly effective counterterrorist capability
Along with the Defense Department, the Department            from scratch. Under U.S. SOF guidance, the Iraqi
of Homeland Security, the Department of State, the           Special Operations Forces are steadily moving
Department of Justice, the Intelligence Community,           towards autonomy as they start to train their own
other federal agencies, and international partners, US-      forces, stand up their own intelligence capability, and
SOCOM is taking resolute actions to accomplish               begin to operate at the battalion and brigade level
three interrelated objectives for the short-term fight:       with increasingly less U.S. oversight. Ultimately an


                                                                                                                              Right Place, Right Time, Right Adversary         5
                                                       The Long-Term Fight                                         the sources of power that enable them to sustain their
                                                                                                                   efforts. Unconventional Warfare and Foreign Internal
                                                         USSOCOM is aggressively preparing for the future          Defense are SOF capabilities critical to defeating terror-
                                                       while fighting on today’s battlefields and maintaining a      ism today and, even more importantly, to eliminating it
                                                       presence and access in many places where there is no        in the future. Also important to eliminating support for
                                                       sound of guns. Realizing this is a long, global campaign,   terrorists is improving key foreign infrastructures through
                                                       USSOCOM is looking beyond the immediate conflicts            robust Civil Affairs work and using Psychological
                                                       in Iraq and Afghanistan, posturing the Command for          Operations to promote truthful information and erode
                                                       the long-term, to help ensure the continued security of     extremist ideologies. Our international partners have
                                                       the United States. Simply killing terrorists and repeat-    the cultural and historical understanding that––when
                                                       edly disrupting an ever-changing network poses a per-       coupled with U.S. technology, intelligence, and train-
                                                       petual challenge and ultimately will not win the war. As
                                                                                                                   ing––will allow them to defeat and prevent terrorism
                                                       we have seen over the last few years, new individuals fill
                                                                                                                   within their borders. SOF’s key role in the long-term
                                                       vacant leadership positions and, even more troubling,
                                                                                                                   fight will be conducting UW and FID to build foreign
                                                       new terrorist organizations continue to form and
                                                                                                                   capabilities that deny terrorist organizations the ability
                                                       exploit conditions that are tolerant of extremism. In
                                                                                                                   to sustain their efforts.
                                                       conjunction with conventional forces, SOF’s actions on
                                                                                                                     In addition to training partner nation forces overseas,
                                                       the battlefield today are keeping terrorism at bay and
                                                                                                                   the U.S. Army Special Operations Command has created
                                                       provide the room the U.S. Government needs to focus
                                                                                                                   the International Special Forces Training Course, a
                                                       all instruments of national power on eliminating the
                                                                                                                   specialized training program tailored to the requirements
                                                       underlying conditions which allow terrorism to prosper.
                                                                                                                   of foreign special operations personnel. However,
                                                         Long-term success rests on the ability of the United
                                                       States and our allies to deny terrorist organizations




       BEYOND AFGHANISTAN AND IRAQ
       SOF Warriors are active around the globe conducting missions that are essential to winning the
       Global War on Terrorism over the long term. For example in Pacific Command’s theater, SOF are
       working closely with the Filipinos to train their forces to provide better security in the southern
       islands. In addition, special operators conducted the first ever medical civic action program at
       an elementary school in Sirawi, Philippines. Some 1,030 patients were treated for both medical
       and dental needs. Also in the Pacific, Civil Affairs troops with Special Operations Command-Pa-
       cific worked closely with Indonesian forces to rebuild two schools and a bridge on Nias Island
       that were destroyed in a March earthquake. These projects are the first military-to-military
       cooperation since the U.S. Government lifted restrictions on defense cooperation with Indonesia.


6   P O S T U R E S TAT E M E N T 2 0 0 6
                                                                                               LEADING THE GLOBAL WAR ON TERRORISM

building partner nation capability extends beyond
just training and includes creating international
networks to improve communication. In light of this,
USSOCOM hosted special operators and military
representatives from 58 countries at its first-ever
international SOF week in June 2005. The theme of
the event was “Partners in International Security.”
The conference focused on local and regional security
issues with a proactive stance to identify real solutions
to growing security threats. A second initiative was
the first-ever counterterrorism workshop in October
2005, hosting 80 foreign military representatives
from 50 countries. The intent of the workshop was to        Although USSOCOM can synchronize DoD efforts
define communication strategies for partner nations          in the GWOT, the U.S. Government, utilizing all
to inform their public on known terrorists with the         facets of national power, must continue efforts to
ultimate goal of building an integrated global anti-        erode the attraction of the extremist ideology that
terrorist campaign to delegitimize terrorism. The           inspires our most dangerous enemies. Success will
success of these programs rests on the total integration    rely heavily on close cooperation and integration of
of our partner nations’ capabilities to build a global      all instruments of national power and the combined
environment where terrorism cannot thrive.                  efforts of the international community.
  Equally important in the long-term fight is USSO-
COM’s ability to coordinate and integrate efforts            Pushing Forward
with other agencies within the U.S. Government.
Terrorists rely on freedom of action defined in large          Recognizing the need for integrated U.S. government
part by their ability to garner active or tacit support     and coalition coordination, the Center for Special
from the population in which they live and the              Operations broadened its organization to include allies
states from which they operate. Over the long term,         and other members of the interagency as full partners     provide a “presence for purpose”; global targeting
USSOCOM, in support of the larger U.S. Government           in the effort. USSOCOM built the foundation for a          conferences to focus planning and intelligence collec-
and international effort, will undertake operations          Collaborative Planning Environment (CPE) which            tion on our high priority and priority GWOT coun-
designed to deny or restrict the enemy’s freedom of         provides the processes and technical tools to rapidly     tries; and Time-Sensitive Planning exercises to rehearse
action, whether physical or virtual.                        synchronize plans and operations among the combat-        rapid planning and execution processes. The net effect
  USSOCOM, as the supported combatant com-                  ant commands, DoD agencies, other government              has been to lay the foundation for a cooperative
mand for planning and synchronizing the military            agencies, and partners. The CSO continues to expand       architecture necessary to establish and maintain the
effort in the GWOT, is engaged in a war that will            the CPE into a global planning network to stay ahead      U.S. Government’s desired end state in the GWOT:
take many years to win. It will require patience,           of the terrorist threat. Additionally, USSOCOM led        an environment inhospitable to terrorism.
persistence, and a comprehensive strategy. Military         a series of annual SOF Deployment Conferences               The CSO is developing strong interagency relation-
force alone will not be sufficient to achieve victory.        to prioritize employment of limited SOF assets and        ships with more than 100 interagency representatives


                                                                                                                          Right Place, Right Time, Right Adversary          7
                                                                tightly incorporated into USSOCOM’s GWOT                 objective to prevent the re-emergence of terrorists
                                                                efforts. Additionally, the Command works very closely     and to counter ideological support for terrorism.
                                                                with the national agencies to foster new initiatives       Additionally, USSOCOM has encouraged the
                                                                that better support the war fighters. For example, to     collaboration crucial to winning the Global War on
                                                                enhance USSOCOM’s interaction with the National          Terror through the global integration of SOF operations
                                                                Security Agency, the two organizations entered into a    with the Geographic Combatant Commanders, other
                                                                partnership which will significantly enhance USSO-        governmental agencies, and our partner nations.
                                                                COM’s access to signals intelligence, aiding SOF’s       USSOCOM’s initiatives include developing the first
                                                                ability to execute global missions. Another successful   exercise to evaluate the Command’s integration into
                                                                interagency initiative is the officer exchange program     the government’s counterterrorist response plan
                                                                with the U.S. Agency for International Development       which the National Counterterrorism Center has
                                                                (USAID) to begin in 2006. USSOCOM has been               adopted as the Nation’s plan to further develop and
                                                                coordinating and conducting conferences with USAID       refine their processes. USSOCOM, through a robust
                                                                in recognition of the clear link between the two         exercise series, continues to refine interoperability,
                                                                agencies’ emphasis on diminishing the underlying         coordination, and communications to fulfill its
                                                                conditions that foster recruitment and support of        UCP-directed role to “synchronize” global operations
                                                                terrorism. Increased interagency collaboration signifi-   against terrorist networks. USSOCOM also uses the
                                                                cantly supports the goal to “find, fix and finish”
                                                                the terrorist threat today as well as the long-term



    INTERAGENCY
    The Department of State’s “Rewards for Justice” program is a successful interagency
    initiative which led to the capture or killing of several terrorist leaders through essential
    information obtained from the local populace. USSOCOM advertises all U.S. government
    Rewards Programs through the Rewards Information Program which works like an inter-
    national version of ”America’s Most Wanted.“ Working closely with the FBI, the Rewards
    Information Program passes information to the public through the mass media about
    terrorists in the hopes someone will have relevant information which would lead to their
    capture. This program is particularly successful in areas where Special Operations Forces
    attained the trust of the local population.This is most evident in the Philippines, where over
    the past four years the program has directly contributed to the removal of nine senior ter-
    rorist leaders in the Philippines including paying $1 million for the capture of Hamsiraji Sali,
    a top Abu Sayyaf Group leader. Again in January 2006, Toting Hanno, another Abu Sayyaf
    terrorist involved in the 2001 kidnapping of 20 tourists–three of whom were American–was
    captured using a tip from a local informant.


8    P O S T U R E S TAT E M E N T 2 0 0 6
                                                                                               LEADING THE GLOBAL WAR ON TERRORISM

Joint National Training Capability (JNTC) program
to facilitate SOF and conventional force integration
through key joint training and JNTC exercise venues,
especially mission rehearsal exercises. Ultimately, this
training and exercise profile significantly improves
DoD’s ability to defeat terrorists at all levels.
  A key USSOCOM contribution to creating a global
antiterrorist environment involves the use of its
Psychological Operations (PSYOP) capabilities.
PSYOP forces disseminate truth and facts to influ-
ence behavior and to erode the attraction of extremist
ideologies to foreign audiences, counter propaganda
that inspires our most dangerous enemies, and help
to influence allied, friendly, and neutral audiences to
support the GWOT. The cultural acuity and
linguistic skills of SOF PSYOP personnel enhance
                                                             The Secretary of Defense directed the Combatant         commanded by two-star general officers. The TSOC
their ability to influence target audiences by gaining
                                                           Commanders to organize, train and equip a standing        commanders plan and conduct joint special opera-
their trust and confidence. The Command’s ability to
                                                           Joint Task Forces Headquarters. USSOCOM estab-            tions, ensuring SOF capabilities are matched to
conduct small-footprint, flexible, and adaptive
                                                           lished, exercised and validated a Joint Task Force that   mission requirements and advise their GCC on
activities offers a unique means for gaining access to
                                                           allows for seamless planning and execution of opera-      the proper employment of SOF. Additionally, the
otherwise denied information and geographical areas.       tions that span the spectrum of crisis and conflict.       TSOCs provide the core element for establishing
As part of this effort USSOCOM established the                The Geographic Combatant Commanders continue            a Joint Special Operations Task Force, a SOF
Joint Psychological Operations Support Element             to execute operations, including SOF-unique               organization that can respond immediately to regional
(JPSE) within the CSO. The JPSE plans, coordinates,        missions, as the supported commanders in their            emergencies for the GCC.
integrates, and, under the command of the Geographic       theaters, with USSOCOM in a supporting role. The
Combatant Commander, executes trans-regional               GCCs maintain the best regional focus and knowl-          Creating Success on the Battlefield
PSYOP to promote U.S. goals and objectives. These          edge of their areas of operation and have conducted
units develop their strategy in close collaboration        numerous successful operations since the war on             Throughout 2005, SOF remained at the forefront
with the local U.S. Ambassadors’ priorities to advance     terrorism began. USSOCOM provides each GCC a              of the GWOT through extensive combat operations,
mission goals and objectives by nurturing democracy,       Theater Special Operations Command (TSOC), a              security cooperation events and joint training
promoting tolerance, and targeting the military,           sub-unified command, primarily manned and princi-          with partner nations, and continued development
youth, and other groups vulnerable to extremist            pally funded by USSOCOM. The TSOCs ensure                 of GWOT plans and interagency relationships.
messages. In building their campaign, the JPSE works       SOF are fully integrated into GCC collective security     Much of SOF’s success has been side-by-side with
with an array of U.S. Government and host nation           plans and contingency operations. Due to the              conventional forces, sharing information and assets
agencies and develops solid links for future collabora-    increased demand for SOF since 9/11, TSOCs have           to capitalize on the strengths of both forces. Whether
tion in the Global War on Terrorism.                       grown considerably and in most cases are now              working together in the Trans Sahara area of Africa or


                                                                                                                         Right Place, Right Time, Right Adversary        9
                                             training the new forces in Iraq, the relationship          as well as immersion in a joint environment, the crews
                                             between conventional forces and SOF is better than         were able to seamlessly conduct multiple operations in
                                             it has ever been, and continues to mature and              a single night, any one of which would have been the
                                             improve every day. Like our conventional counter-          highpoint of a career. These operations were complete
                                             parts, today’s SOF operator conducts more combat           successes and have led to discovering significant links
                                             operations in a week than many of his pre-9/11             to additional al-Qaida members.
                                             predecessors would have done in a career.                    In Iraq, Army Special Forces teams and Navy SEALs
                                               Illustrative of the change in complexity and tempo       (SEa, Air, and Land forces) have trained and advised
                                             are the missions of 160th Special Operations               Iraqi Special Operations Forces (ISOF) since late
                                             Aviation Regiment (SOAR) in Afghanistan. The               2003. The focus in 2005 was on building a brigade
                                             160th SOAR provided helicopters to insert and              headquarters over the already successful 36th Com-
                                             extract Special Operations Forces, and when neces-         mando Battalion and the Iraqi Counterterrorist Force.
                                             sary, provide fire support for numerous objectives in       The ultimate goal is for the ISOF to have a stand-
                                             a single mission. Due to their extensive training,         alone capability for counterterrorist operations. Special
                                             familiarity with the high altitudes and extreme terrain,   Forces Soldiers also recruited, trained, and built the
                                                                                                        foundation of a Support Battalion for the ISOF with
                                                                                                        communicators, mechanics, medical personnel and
                                                                                                        general support services. Special Forces Soldiers and
                                                                                                        the SEALs advised several ISOF-led brigade-level
                                                                                                        operations against insurgent forces incorporating Air
                                                                                                        Force Special Operations Close Air Support, Combat
                                                                                                        Controllers, rotary wing aircraft; DoD Intelligence,
                                                                                                        Surveillance, and Reconnaissance platforms; Iraqi
                                                                                                        Special Operations teams; and Regular Iraqi Army
                                                                                                        units. In one operation, some 900 Iraqi soldiers con-
                                                                                                        ducted reconnaissance missions and raids, all at night,
                                                                                                        including heliborne and ground assault operations.
                                                                                                        These operations resulted in hundreds of insurgents
                                                                                                        captured or killed, but more importantly demon-
                                                                                                        strated the ISOF’s ability to operate successfully in
                                                                                                        battalion- and brigade-sized operations, leading the
                                                                                                        way for the Iraqi armed forces to secure safe elections
                                                                                                        and take responsibility within their borders.
                                                                                                          In Afghanistan, Special Forces units conducted
                                                                                                        extensive FID training and operations with the
                                                                                                        Afghanistan National Army (ANA) to project combat
                                                                                                        power into a known al-Qaida sanctuary, the


10   P O S T U R E S TAT E M E N T 2 0 0 6
                                                                                             LEADING THE GLOBAL WAR ON TERRORISM

Cahar Cineh Valley. This operation enhanced ANA           Psychological Operations were essential in facilitating
collective capabilities, discredited the al-Qaida       the democratic elections in both Afghanistan and Iraq
influence over the local population, and promoted        during 2005 and will continue to play critical roles in
Afghanistan’s government and the army’s capabilities    the stabilization of both countries by disseminating
prior to the parliamentary elections. By combining      critical information to affected populations. The
offensive and information operations, the ANA and        193rd Special Operations Wing, a Pennsylvania Air
Special Forces units were able to set the conditions    National Guard unit that flies the specially
for a continued Afghan Army presence in this hotly      modified EC-130E/J Commando Solo aircraft,
contested area. Successful information operations en-   provided airborne PSYOP broadcasts on commercial
 sured the local populace was fully aware of the gov-   AM, FM, short-wave, worldwide television, and
   ernment’s capabilities to improve their quality of   military communication bands. Dissemination of
      life and the national plans for elections. This   truthful information to approved foreign audiences
          pivotal operation signified a turning point    in support of U.S. policy and national objectives is a
            for the ANA, as it was the first operation   vital part of the SOF effort to secure peace and
                    planned and executed by an Afghan   diminish radical extremism around the globe.
                              battalion-sized element   Culturally oriented and linguistically capable PSYOP
                            under the direct command    units are supporting commanders and other U.S.
                             and control of Afghan      government agencies in operations ranging from
                               leadership.              humanitarian assistance to combat operations.
                                                          Civil Affairs (CA) teams were also critical to the
                                                        Afghan and Iraqi elections and continue to play a           have responsibility for proponency and training stan-
                                                        vital role in the stabilization and reconstruction pro-     dards for all Army CA and PSYOP units.
                                                        cess. They developed, coordinated, and facilitated the        Beyond Iraq and Afghanistan, USSOCOM kept
                                                        repairing of wells, provided food to hungry children,       focused “presence for purpose” in dozens of high
                                                        brought medical care to families, and helped rebuild        priority countries across the globe that are key to
                                                        school systems that will counter radical thought            winning the long-term GWOT. SOF engaged with
                                                        through education. Beginning in 2006, USSOCOM,              host-nation forces in several critical countries through
                                                        in coordination with the Department of the Army,            UW and FID, improving their capacities and
                                                        will begin reassignment of Army Reserve CA and              enhancing their abilities to address national, regional,
                                                        PSYOP from USSOCOM to U.S. Joint Forces Com-                and global security threats. In the Philippines and the
                                                         mand. Shifting Army Reserve CA and PSYOP forces            Pacific Rim, SOF are working closely with and train-
                                                           to the Army better aligns the requirements of con-       ing partner nations’ military forces to locate, track,
                                                             ventional forces with the units that will provide      and neutralize terrorist threats within their borders.
                                                             them direct support in the long-term fight against      In South America, SOF is helping key friends and
                                                            terrorism. Similarly, USSOCOM will retain the           allies bring order to areas long infected by illicit drug
                                                           active Army CA and PSYOP units that provide di-          activities and narco-terrorism, breeding grounds for
                                                              rect support for SOF units. In addition to the        our adversaries in the GWOT. Furthermore, in the
                                                                 active units, USSOCOM will continue to             Trans Sahara region of Africa, SOF work alongside

                                                                                                                        Right Place, Right Time, Right Adversary          11
                                                              conventional forces to train and assist our partners to           however, the requirement for a SOF-controlled, high-
                                                              deny terrorists freedom of movement and sanctuary.                speed afloat forward staging base remains.
                                                                Special Forces teams and Navy SEALs are conducting                Civil Affairs forces were also engaged in Colombia.
                                                              extensive FID in the Philippines and Pacific Rim                   The training and support provided by USSOCOM
                                                              countries to support and train local militaries as they           CA Soldiers to the Colombian military enabled them
                                                              fight a localized war on terrorism. SOF operators                  to execute numerous medical and veterinary civic-
                                                              instruct Philippine soldiers on small unit tactics,               action events, expanding the Columbian government’s
                                                              weapons skills, communications, and medical training              legitimacy and influence in previously ungoverned
                                                              designed to help them defeat the enemy. Additionally,             areas. By increasing the professionalism of the
                                                              USSOCOM continues to support GCC regional                         Colombian military and specifically their special
                                                              engagements and humanitarian efforts by incorporat-                operations capabilities, USSOCOM built a stronger
                                                              ing CA construction initiatives, medical and dental               democratic partner in the U.S. Southern Command
                                                              care for small villages, and veterinary services. The             area of responsibilities.
                                                              USSOCOM-funded High Speed Vessel (HSV), leased                      The 6th Special Operations Squadron of Air Force
                                                              from the U.S. Army, has significantly improved                     Special Operations Command (AFSOC), deployed
                                                              access to expansive and remote areas
                                                              with few basing opportunities and               Rebuilt by SOF.
                                                              has proven highly effective in the
                                                              GWOT. The HSV will return to com-
                                                              mercial service at the end of FY 2006,




               CIVIL AFFAIRS
               To defeat terrorism in the long term, it is necessary to erode extremist ideologies and
               strengthen local environments to eliminate tacit support for terrorists and their illegal                                   Taliban destroyed school.
               activities. Civil Affairs units are helping to create this environment through a variety
               of projects including digging wells for fresh water, building roads and bridges, and
               providing medical, dental, and veterinary support to vulnerable populations. In Af-
               ghanistan, a team from the 96th Civil Affairs Battalion took to the mountains where
               they discovered a school destroyed by the Taliban. With the approval of the village
               leadership, the CA team rebuilt the school and in the process, formed a positive rela-
               tionship with these locally influential people. The village children, tomorrow’s leaders,
               are continuing their education with a new perspective on Americans. The goal of Civil
               Affairs is to impact peoples lives and leave a strong, positive message for the future.



12   P O S T U R E S TAT E M E N T 2 0 0 6
                                                                                            LEADING THE GLOBAL WAR ON TERRORISM

to the Trans Sahara region of North Africa, conducted
training with several high priority countries focused
on specialized flight operations, air base defense, and
medical support. SOF worked with security forces
from several African countries to enhance their coun-
terterrorist capabilities by training with indigenous
forces, focused on weapons, communications, and
logistics. These critical efforts significantly bolstered
the host-nation’s ability to defend against terrorist
threats and ultimately assist in the GWOT. The
Sahara and Trans Sahara regions span an area as large
as the continental United States, making this initia-
tive vital in denying the region as a haven for al-Qaida
linked terrorist groups.

Support at Home
  In response to Hurricanes Katrina and Rita, SOF
provided critical support to victims and first respond-
ers. U.S. Army National Guard Special Forces
Soldiers provided command and control, search and
rescue, and mission support to Alabama, Florida,
Louisiana, and Mississippi. An Air Force Reserve
Special Operations Wing and AFSOC Special Tactics
teams, comprised of aircrews, Combat Controllers,
SOF weathermen, and Pararescuemen, provided
direct support by flying Helicopter Airborne Refuel-        the river, checking on residents whose homes were
ing, air-land supply/resupply, and rescue operations.      only accessible by boat. USSOCOM’s Reserve
Special Tactics operators were instrumental in the         PSYOP Soldiers also provided public information
opening and initial operations of the New Orleans          dissemination support to the relief efforts. These
International Airport, allowing thousands of tons of       Soldiers broadcast much-needed information to the
cargo and relief workers to deliver aid to where it was    population as civilian media organizations rebounded
most needed. Naval Special Warfare teams led an            from the disaster. The face-to-face communications,
entire task group to support the rescue efforts,            loudspeaker broadcasts, and various print media
including combatant-craft crewman employing the            provided by SOF Soldiers were invaluable to the
Special Operations Craft-Riverine specifically designed     hurricane victims and their families throughout
for shallow waterways—going house-to-house along           the United States.

                                                                                                                  Right Place, Right Time, Right Adversary   13
                                             T
                                                    he SOF Warrior is USSOCOM’s number one resourcing priority. SOF’s
                                                    core philosophy centers on the human as the most critical capability in
                                                    special operations and as the foundation of USSOCOM’s success in meeting
                                             the daunting challenges of defeating global terrorist networks. Specially assessed
                                             and selected individuals receive world class training and education before joining
                                             their team on the global battlefield. The success of the SOF Warrior is under-
                                             pinned by three critical pillars of support: Training and Education, SOF-unique
                                             Equipment, and Experience through Retention.


                                             People
                                               In 2005, USSOCOM grew by nearly 1,600 military
                                             and civilian positions, most in direct support of the                  ACTIVE RESERVE NATIONAL MILITARY CIVILIANS
                                                                                                                                    GUARD    TOTAL
                                             Command’s new role as the DoD lead in the GWOT.
                                             USSOCOM will continue to strengthen its ability            ARMY        18,079   9,754       2,904    30,737   1,644
                                             to shape the environment and carry out operations
                                             around the world by growing another 1,400 person-          NAVY         5,636   1,013        0       6,649     481
                                             nel in 2006. The formation of the Marine Corps
                                                                                                        AIR
                                             Special Operations Command (MARSOC) will                                9,860    996        825      11,681   1,575
                                                                                                        FORCE
                                             add almost 2,600 personnel to USSOCOM’s end
                                             strength, with initial billet resourcing starting in FY    MARINE        79       0          0        79       0
                                                                                                        CORPS
                                             2006. The MARSOC adds to USSOCOM a Foreign
                                             Military Training Unit, increased direct action and        SUBTOTALS   33,654   11,763      3,729    49,146   3,700
                                             special reconnaissance capacity, and the necessary
                                             support personnel to form a highly capable team.

                       SOF                     USSOCOM’s total authorized manpower for 2006
                                             is 52,846 personnel. Roughly one-third of SOF                                         FY 2006 USSOCOM TOTAL 52,846


                 READINESS
                                             military personnel are from the Reserve or National
                                             Guard (see Table 1).                                      Table 1




14   P O S T U R E S TAT E M E N T 2 0 0 6
Training and Education                                       agility, physical strength, and an endless internal drive
                                                             necessary for selection and future success as a SOF
  Assessment and Selection is the critical initial process   Warrior on the battlefield. Consequently, attrition
by which candidates with the necessary aptitude and          rates are high, making growth a challenge.
attitude are identified for entry into the Special              In order to meet authorized future growth,
Operations community. It is Basic Underwater                 USSOCOM and its components completely over-
Demolition/SEAL (BUD/S) training for Navy SEALs,             hauled SOF accession schools, significantly increasing
the Special Forces Qualification Course (SFQC) for            throughput capacity while maintaining the same high
Army Green Berets, the initial selection phase for Air       standards. In the case of the SFQC, a phased plan to
Force Combat Controllers and Pararescuemen, the              increase Special Forces graduates was initiated in
special selection for the Army’s Special Operations          2002 to grow from a 10-year average of 350 active           Forces units to full strength. However, USSOCOM
Aviators, and initial training teams—the “Green              duty enlisted graduates per year to 750 for FY 2006.        is now postured for additional future growth.
Team”—for many other units. It is the common start-          However, in FY 2005 the SFQC produced 790 new                 Special operations training takes mature SOF
ing point for all SOF warriors, including most sup-          Green Berets—exceeding the goal a year early. For the       students and teaches them the unique skills to
port personnel. A relative few possess the essential         first few years, most of these additional Green Berets       become regionally oriented, culturally attuned, and
combination of maturity, unfailing character, mental         will go to fill vacant billets, returning Army Special       uniquely capable of operating in denied or sensitive



                                    SEAL TRAINING
                                                                Unique to Special Operations is an assessment and selection process. It identifies those with the
                                                                physical capacity and mental toughness, innovation, and character necessary to be successful while
                                                                conducting a night-time direct action raid or meeting with the head of a foreign military while training
                                                                his forces. For Naval Special Warfare, candidates are assessed during Basic Underwater Demolition
                                                                / SEAL (BUD/S) training. A SEAL candidate will experience the ultimate physical and mental stresses
                                                                during this 6-month course and will:

                                                                    > Run 1,310 miles in sand wearing boots                 > His class will fire 850,000 rounds and
                                                                                                                              detonate 5,500 pounds of explosives
                                                                    > Swim 150 miles in the ocean
                                                                                                                            > Of the 166 men who start, only 35
                                                                    > Complete a 1/2 mile obstacle course 39 times
                                                                                                                              will graduate
                                                                    > Spend 57 hours submerged in cold water


                                                                      Only after completing these grueling phases will he earn the privilege of joining his team.
                                                                      Success comes from character — now he will have to employ these skills in combat.



                                                                                                                             Right Place, Right Time, Right Adversary      15
areas as well as by, through, and with foreign militaries.
Today’s special operations successes can be attributed
directly to the quality of the SOF operator and his
nearly two years of initial training. Programs center
on modular training that builds core skills with
particular emphasis on foreign-language and cultural
training. This innovative modular design leverages
technology to improve the quality and effectiveness of
the instruction while enabling more efficient use of time
and resources.
  Language capability remains essential to the success-
ful and timely accomplishment of many SOF
missions. The U.S. Army Special Operations Com-
mand (USASOC) recently raised language gradua-
tion standards, restructured the training methodology
and reduced the number of languages taught. The
tighter focus and use of new technology resulted in
a 98 percent graduation rate at the higher standard
and a throughput of 974 students, an increase
of 50 percent since 2002. Naval Special Warfare
Command (NAVSPECWARCOM), USSOCOM’s                           language training to all operators before they arrive     Beyond training, Professional Military Education
naval component, added a language program to                 at their unit and then following with sustainment       at all ranks is vitally important to the continued
SEAL Qualification Training, ensuring each new                and enhancement training that seamlessly fits the        success of SOF. The Joint Special Operations
SEAL is language qualified before reporting to their          operator’s schedule, location, and training needs.      University provides a wide range of tailored educa-
first operational command.                                      Another force multiplier for SOF has been             tional services to the joint SOF community. In 2005,
  To bring critical language instruction to geo-             the increased emphasis on advanced SOF skills.          the Command completed its first comprehensive
graphically dispersed SOF personnel, USSOCOM                 USSOCOM increased Advanced Special Operations           study of SOF educational requirements and devel-
is experimenting with technology such as PC-                 Technique (ASOT) training capacity 67 percent since     oped a strategic plan for continued improvement over
based teleconferencing. Initial success in using the         FY03, increasing the Army SF and Navy SEAL ASOT         the next decade. The Command has direct links at
PC-based teleconferencing as a training conduit              graduates by 83 percent in the last two years. This     every service school to ensure there is an accurate
produced results comparable to those at USASOC               training investment nearly doubled a critical, yet      and complete special operations curriculum so that
in the same amount of time. USSOCOM is also                  unique, SOF capability essential on today’s global      future leaders across the spectrum will understand
partnered with the Defense Advanced Research                 asymmetric battlefield. Refined focus on training         the capabilities and limitations of SOF. The SOF
Projects Agency (DARPA) in developing the Tactical           requirements, higher and tiered standards, trans-       Education Strategic Plan focuses on the development
Iraqi Trainer, which uses voice recognition and PC           formed training, and smarter use of technology          of joint SOF leaders at every level and their continued
game technology to train language and culture. The           continue to multiply the success of our SOF warriors    improvement through a broad array of intellectual
Command is moving towards providing institutional            around the globe.                                       engagement and research initiatives.


16    P O S T U R E S TAT E M E N T 2 0 0 6
                                                                                                                                            SOF READINESS

SOF Warrior Systems                                     operators will receive the best equipment available to
                                                        them in a timely manner.
  Once a SOF Warrior is assessed, selected, trained,
and ready to engage in the GWOT, individual equip-      Retention                                                           USSOCOM VALUES
ment is central to accomplishing his mission and
achieving success. In 2004, USSOCOM placed critical       The sustained high operational tempo of the past                  > INTEGRITY: A force that can be relied
personal equipment under a single resource area, SOF    four years has put a strain on SOF. Adding to the                     upon to operate to the highest moral
Warrior Systems, and gave it resourcing priority.       strain is a healthy economy and a high demand by                      standards, protect the Nation’s values
SOF Warrior Systems aggregate over 90 individual        corporate America for people with the same skills,                    and conduct its most sensitive missions
systems and pieces of equipment to ensure important,    character, and abilities as the SOF Warrior. As                     > COURAGE: Uncompromising moral and
but relatively low-cost items, are not overlooked or    USSOCOM continues to grow in support of the                           physical courage under all conditions
under funded. Equipment that provides enhanced          long-term GWOT campaign, it is imperative that we
capabilities for the individual SOF warrior includes:   retain our highly qualified and experienced operators.               > COMPETENCE: Maintaining the high-
night vision and optical devices, individual weapons,     However, SOF personnel management has always                        est levels of tactical and technical
body armor, targeting systems, GPS, and environ-        presented unique challenges. Under Title 10 USC,                      competence––continuous improve-
mental clothing. In October 2005, USSOCOM es-           Section 167, USSOCOM is responsible for the read-                     ment is our trademark
tablished the SOF Warrior Systems program office to       iness of SOF and for monitoring SOF personnel                       > CREATIVITY: Using innovative,
allow single point oversight and improve equipment      management. The Command worked separately with                        imaginative solutions to accomplish
development and acquisition timelines. This ensures     each Armed Service, the Joint Staff, and the Office of                   complex, demanding challenges
                                                        the Secretary of Defense (OSD) to get the U.S.
                                                        Special Operations Forces Retention Incentive
                                                        Initiative for SOF operators approved in December
                                                        2004. Excellent support from the Services on this
                                                        initiative was fundamental to its implementation.          this momentum, USSOCOM is working to identify
                                                        However, each of the Services have separate policies       additional specialties and key periods of service for
                                                        for retention including different metrics, different         future Retention Incentive Initiatives. Additionally,
                                                        mandatory retirement dates, different re-enlistment         we will continue to identify non-monetary incentives
                                                        bonus programs, different special pays, and separate        including education, family quality of life, career
                                                        data bases. This complicated and delayed this              profiles, and post-career benefits to encourage the
                                                        initiative, creating inequities between SOF operators.     SOF operator to remain “SOF for life.”
                                                        Personnel retention remains an essential element to          USSOCOM, along with the Services, must take
                                                        SOF operational readiness.                                 care of America’s injured SOF warriors, fallen
                                                          Last year was the first full year of the Special Opera-   comrades, and their families. The USSOCOM Care
                                                        tions Forces Retention Incentive Initiative for SOF        Coalition was established to help SOF casualties and
                                                        operators with 19 or more years of service and it has      their families identify and receive a full spectrum of
                                                        proven to be successful, exceeding the projected           support by coordinating with DoD, government, and
                                                        acceptance rate. It was a great first step. To continue     non-government organizations. From its inception,


                                                                                                                       Right Place, Right Time, Right Adversary       17
                                                the Care Coalition worked directly with the Services        designed to focus on the needs of the SOF Warrior to
                                                to ensure each SOF component has a robust family            accomplish the mission, rather than being platform-
                                                support and readiness program at each unit to help          centric. USSOCOM’s current budget and pending
                                                with day-to-day issues. If a SOF Warrior is injured,        requests reflect this unique philosophy. Tied to the
                                                USSOCOM Care Coalition representatives contact              SPP is the Long Range Planning Process that looks at
                                                the SOF member and his or her family to provide             future threats and emerging technologies to ensure
                                                immediate assistance and offer advocacy if required.         SOF remains ahead of its adversaries.
                                                With great support, many injured SOF return to
                                                active duty and even combat. For SOF leaving the            Budget
                                                military, the Care Coalition remains engaged for as
                                                long as their needs exist. In the unfortunate event that      Prior to September 11, 2001, the USSOCOM bud-
                                                a SOF Warrior is seriously injured or killed, the Care      get remained constant at just under $4 billion per
                                                Coalition is there for the family to advocate to the        year. The events of that fateful day dramatically
                                                Service for their entitlements and reach beyond the         increased the requirement for special operations as
                                                government to help families, with their concurrence,        witnessed in Operations Enduring Freedom and Iraqi
                                                identify those non-profit organizations that provide         Freedom. The Command’s budget has grown to $6.4
                                                additional support, such as scholarships for surviv-        billion in FY 2005 allowing modest growth and
                                                ing children. The Care Coalition, by improving total        improving USSOCOM’s ability to acquire SOF-
                                                force quality of life, significantly contributes to opera-   specific equipment and support. Supplemental
                                                tional readiness and ultimately, mission success.           appropriations to support ongoing military operations
                                                                                                            in Iraq, Afghanistan, and other regions worldwide
                                                                                                            added another $1.6 billion to the overall total. The
                                                Budget, Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics
                                                                                                            Operation and Maintenance (O&M) account was
                                                  When Congress created USSOCOM in 1986 they                funded at more than $3.1 billion to support numerous
USSOCOM CARE COALITION MISSION                  provided the Commander, under U.S. Code Title               overseas deployments, expand training capabilities,
                                                10, Section 167, budget and acquisition author-             and sustain warrior systems such as body armor,
Provide Special Operations Warriors and their   ity for special operations-peculiar equipment. This         lightweight protective uniforms, night vision devices,
families a model advocacy program in order to   authority is analogous to that of the Secretaries of        and protective helmets. As USSOCOM assumes
enhance their quality of life and strengthen    the Military Departments. Using this authority,             greater responsibility in planning and executing
special operations readiness.                   USSOCOM has fielded numerous special operations-             the GWOT, its overall budget authority has
                                                peculiar systems instrumental in today’s fight and is        increased proportionately.
                                                executing programs to rapidly address the emergent
                                                needs of SOF in combat.                                         > The FY 2006 budget request of approximately
                                                  The individual Special Operations Warrior is at                 $7.4 billion is balanced to meet USSOCOM’s
                                                the core of special operations capabilities, a fact               top three priorities: GWOT; Readiness; and the
                                                made clear in USSOCOM’s budget and acquisition                    Future. However, supplemental funding remains
                                                strategies. USSOCOM’s Strategic Planning Process                  vital to sufficiently support SOF operating on
                                                (SPP), the best in DoD, is capabilities-based and                 the battlefield. USSOCOM’s FY 2006 budget


18   P O S T U R E S TAT E M E N T 2 0 0 6
                                                                                                                                          SOF READINESS

                                                             just under $200 million in Military Construction   of investing in capabilities to improve SOF warrior
                                                             to build unique operational facilities necessary   systems, advance force operations, promote special-
                                                             for SOF training and deployment.                   ized and institutional training, explore and exploit
                                                                                                                leap-ahead technology, and refine force structure and
                                                         Service contributions are critical and significantly    manpower to support the Command’s most impor-
                                                       augment USSOCOM’s budget and acquisitions. For           tant asset: the SOF Warrior.
                                                       example, the Air Force acquires “slick” (i.e., unmodi-
                                                       fied) C-130s for delivery to USSOCOM, which then          Quadrennial Defense Review
                                                       receive USSOCOM-funded SOF-unique modifica-
                                                       tions. Similarly, the Command does not pay for             USSOCOM, with its service-like responsibilities
                                                       “HumVees” (HMMWVs, High Mobility Multi-                  to train, organize, and equip forces, participated fully
                                                       purpose Wheeled Vehicles) or “slick” helicopters         in this year’s Quadrennial Defense Review (QDR).
                                                       that are acquired by the Army for USSOCOM                The results of the QDR recognize USSOCOM’s
  is divided into five major categories: Military       modification and SOF use. However, USSOCOM                new authorities, judicious growth, significant con-
  Personnel; Operation and Maintenance (O&M);          does procure all of its own maritime mobility            tributions on the battlefield, and SOF’s unique skills
  Procurement; Research, Development, Testing          platforms, such as the MK V, the Special Operations      that will be necessary for the Global War on Terrorism
  and Evaluation (RDT&E); and Military Construction.   Craft–Riverine, and the USSOCOM funded High              in the future.
                                                       Speed Vessel supporting GWOT operations in the             USSOCOM’s strategic approach to the 2005 QDR
> Nearly $2.6 billion is earmarked for our                                                                      process was to focus on SOF-peculiar capabilities,
                                                       Pacific Command’s area of responsibility.
  largest account, Military Personnel. This              The FY 2007 President’s Budget request for             not on platform-centric resource solutions. The QDR
  account is programmed by USSOCOM, but                USSOCOM is $8.0 billion and includes specific             provided the resources to ensure future SOF will be
  executed by the Services.                            additions directed by the Quadrennial Defense            rapidly deployable, agile, flexible and tailorable
> The O&M account of $2.7 billion maintains SOF        Review process. This request will continue the effort     to successfully perform the most demanding and
  operational readiness and provides for mainte-
  nance of equipment, fuel, consumable supplies,
  civilian salaries, spare parts, and repair of
  weapons and equipment.
> The budget also includes $1.3 billion for Procure-
  ment, which allows USSOCOM to fund vital
  SOF-unique modernization and recapitalization
  in mobility, weapons and munitions, communica-
  tions, and intelligence equipment.
> Nearly $630 million is allotted to RDT&E,
  which provides for technological advances and
  modernization for Special Operations Forces.
> Completing the portfolio, USSOCOM programs


                                                                                                                    Right Place, Right Time, Right Adversary         19
                                              sensitive missions worldwide. SOF will continue to             > Enhance capabilities to support SOF insertion
                                              be the Nation’s premier team to conduct tailored raids            and extraction into denied areas.
                                              and assaults against the most challenging targets, but
                                                                                                         Equipment Advances and Initiatives
                                              will increasingly conduct UW and FID activities
                                              on a global scale. Increasing regional language and          USSOCOM is the only combatant command that
                                              cultural proficiency skills in key GWOT operational         manages the entire materiel acquisition life-cycle
                                              areas (Africa, Latin America, the Middle East, and         process for special operations-peculiar equipment
                                              Asia) remains a top priority. Longer duration opera-       employed by its forces. USSOCOM processes are
                                              tions in support of the GWOT will emphasize build-         similar to those used by the Joint Staff, OSD, and the
                                              ing personal relationships with foreign military and       Services, but with the unique advantage of defining
                                              security forces and other indigenous assets to achieve     the missions its forces conduct as a supported
                                              common objectives. The QDR specifically facilitates         Commander. USSOCOM has its own acquisition
                                              the following SOF initiatives:                             workforce with embedded contracting, legal, and
                                                                                                         oversight staffs, all in one location. Subject to the
                                                  > Increase SOF capability and capacity to conduct      same overarching statutes and policies that apply
                                                    low-visibility, persistent presence missions and a   across DoD, the Command’s Program Executive
                                                                                                         Officers utilize the inherent freedom and flexibility of
…today’s special operators                          global Unconventional Warfare campaign.
                                                                                                         the 5,000 series directives and instructions to stream-
are well equipped and                             > Increase (starting in FY 2008) active-duty Special   line acquisition processes and documentation, while
                                                                                                         benefiting from a proximate decision chain. This
                                                    Forces Battalions by one-third.
confident in their aircraft,                       > Grow active and reserve Psychological Opera-
                                                                                                         team, with exceptional support from Congress, the
                                                                                                         Secretary of Defense, the Joint Chiefs of Staff, the
maritime craft, intelligence                        tions and Civil Affairs units by about 3,600 per-    Military Departments, and industry partners, has
                                                    sonnel to provide Active Component support to
and information systems, and                                                                             built a superb capability to provide rapid and focused
                                                    SOF operations and Reserve Component support         technology, acquisition, and logistics support to SOF
individual equipment.                               to the Army’s modular forces.                        Warriors. As a result, today’s special operators are well
                                                                                                         equipped and confident in their aircraft, maritime
                                                  > Establish a Marine Corps Special Operations
                                                                                                         craft, intelligence and information systems, and
                                                    Command (MARSOC) composed of about 2,600
                                                                                                         individual equipment.
                                                    Marines and Navy personnel to train foreign            The Command’s Urgent Deployment Acquisition
                                                    military units and conduct direct action and         (UDA) process provides rapid acquisition and
                                                    special reconnaissance.                              logistics support in response to emergent require-
                                                  > Increase SEAL Team force levels.                     ments submitted through Combat Mission Needs
                                                                                                         Statements (CMNS) from SOF deployed on the
                                                  > Establish a SOF Unmanned Aerial Systems              global battlefield. Advanced technology systems are
                                                    Squadron to provide an organic capability and        acquired and fielded in as little as seven days from
                                                    capacity to locate and track high value targets.     CMNS approval, with most capabilities delivered to


 20   P O S T U R E S TAT E M E N T 2 0 0 6
                                                                                                                                          SOF READINESS

combat forces in less than six months. Recent UDAs       leadership. USSOCOM recently created a UAS road-        gunship and MC-130H Combat Talon platforms
include: target video downlink capability from           map designed to consolidate ten limited UAS’s into      started in FY 2005, improving fire support and SOF
AC-130, A-10, and AV-8B close air support aircraft;      five robust platforms, reducing costs and improving      access to denied areas. Procurement of additional
mobile electronic-warfare jammers; anti-structural       capability. The rucksack portable UAS is being          MH-47G Chinook helicopters combined with the
grenades; MH-53 helicopter ballistic protection;         developed jointly by USSOCOM and the Army as            ongoing modernization of the fleet to the G-model
and various unmanned aerial systems. In 2006,            a service-common solution to a joint requirement.       configuration adds needed rotary wing capability and
Congress established a separate CMNS budget line,        Additionally, USSOCOM, working with the Air             capacity, while streamlining logistics and mainte-
allowing USSOCOM to meet urgent battlefield               Force, has established a Predator Squadron within the   nance. Overall, USSOCOM continues to modernize
requirements without disrupting existing programs,       AFSOC that will significantly improve SOF access to      and extend the service life of the C-130 and rotary
significantly improving responsiveness while mini-        timely information on a global scale                    wing fleets with a focus on survivability modifications
mizing impact on future systems.                           Increasing the inventory and capabilities of USSO-    to protect SOF aircraft and warriors. Examples
  To effectively employ SOF’s unique skills in the        COM specialized aircraft remains a priority. The        include the Joint Terrain Following/Terrain Avoid-
future of GWOT, USSOCOM requires a family of             CV-22 SOF Osprey will transform the Command’s           ance Radar, a suite of infrared countermeasures, the
Unmanned Aerial Systems (UAS) that range from            ability to project SOF capabilities worldwide in the    EC-130 Commando Solo and MH-60L Blackhawk
the very small or micro UAS to long-endurance Pred-      GWOT. The CV-22 will provide leap-ahead capabil-        modernization programs, and the C-130 center wing
ator class systems. Platforms fielded in Afghanistan      ity in speed and range, allowing long-range vertical    box replacement program.
and Iraq provide critical security to small SOF units    lift missions to be performed in a single period of       USSOCOM continues to sustain and enhance
and aid in the identification and tracking of terrorist   darkness. Additionally, limited growth of the AC-130    maritime mobility systems including the MK V




                                                                                                                     Right Place, Right Time, Right Adversary      21
Special Operations Craft, the Rigid-hulled Inflatable   (HSV) to test emerging strategies and technology           Science and Technology
Boat, the Special Operations Craft–Riverine, the       to fight the GWOT. The HSV is proving very
SEAL Delivery Vehicle, and the Advanced SEAL De-       effective in the littorals, enabling SOF access to key        The ability to stay ahead of a technologically adept
livery System. Among several initiatives, USSOCOM      GWOT nations and geographically remote areas.              and rapidly adapting enemy depends upon our SOF
upgraded the MK V crew seats with improved shock       This vessel will return to commercial service at the end   operators becoming faster, stealthier, more lethal,
mitigation to protect boat crews and SOF operators     of FY 2006, however, the requirement for a SOF-con-        more survivable, more precise and synchronized, and
from the pounding induced by high-speed travel         trolled, high-speed afloat forward staging base remains.    easier to sustain. The focus for USSOCOM’s Science
on rough seas; developed and fielded a common             USSOCOM continues to ensure SOF Warriors are             and Technology investment strategy is to effectively
forward-looking infrared sensor for combatant craft;   equipped with effective and interoperable intelli-          apply and invest available resources to maximize SOF
and improved survivability of the Special Operations   gence and information systems. Communications,             warfighting capabilities with an eye towards the
Craft–Riverine with advanced armor protection and      global and local network service, and improved             future. Our technology development activities are
smoke generators. As these platforms near the end of   sensors provide persistent intelligence and situational    focused on a number of capability areas. These areas
their service lives, USSOCOM is utilizing the joint    awareness to SOF Warriors engaged in the GWOT.             include: command and control; tagging, tracking and
process to analyze future SOF maritime mobility        Ongoing enhancements to SOF radio systems; the             locating; SOF Warrior lethality, survivability, and
requirements to identify the next generation of        Joint Threat Warning System; Tactical Local Area           sustainability; power and energy; and psychological
surface and subsurface platforms needed to support     Networks; Special Reconnaissance Capabilities; and         operations. Specific science and technology programs
the SOF Warrior. Incremental in the process is the     Tagging, Tracking, and Locating systems remain crit-       at USSOCOM include: an airborne tactical laser,
USSOCOM-funded Afloat Forward Staging Base              ical to interoperability with interagency and partner      small unmanned aerial system payloads and network-
Proof of Concept utilizing the High Speed Vessel       nations, as well as finding and fixing terrorist threats.    ing; signature reduction; advanced night vision
                                                                                                                  devices; night vision windshields; psychological
                                                                                                                  operations products and broadcasting mechanisms;
                                                                                                                  unattended sensors and sensor networks; and
                                                                                                                  advanced mobility concepts. Moreover, our science
                                                                                                                  and technology programs leverage advances made in
                                                                                                                  the Military Departments and other government
                                                                                                                  laboratories by using experimentation and advanced
                                                                                                                  concept technology demonstrations to evaluate the
                                                                                                                  utility of emerging technologies prior to transitioning
                                                                                                                  these technologies into USSOCOM acquisition
                                                                                                                  programs of record.
                                                                                                                    Technology development is especially important
                                                                                                                  in SOF communications and networks as DoD
                                                                                                                  pursues the expansion of the Global Information
                                                                                                                  Grid (GIG) and refines concepts and architectures for
                                                                                                                  Net-Centric Warfare (NCW). The Command is
                                                                                                                  fielding numerous communication systems and
                                                                                                                  network services providing SOF with a variety


22   P O S T U R E S TAT E M E N T 2 0 0 6
                                                                                                                                               SOF READINESS

of adaptive capabilities. These range from inter-         and vehicles which USSOCOM will then tailor to
team communications to network applications and           SOF-unique missions. The CV-22, procured by
services for collaborative planning and information       the Air Force and modified by USSOCOM, is an
management. The overarching objective is to enable        example of this critical process.
USSOCOM to synchronize mission planning and
mission execution among SOF, conventional forces,         Acquisition Logistics
and coalition partners. In 2005, the Command
developed an evolutionary software-defined radio             In the logistics support and sustainment area,
that meets most of the Joint Tactical Radio System        USSOCOM established the Special Operations
specifications and is becoming standard across DoD.        Forces Support Activity (SOFSA) and is leading
To meet SOF requirements for increasingly smaller         efforts to establish a SOF Logistics Data Warehouse
devices with greater performance, the Command is          for special operations-peculiar equipment. SOFSA
deploying the SOF Deployable Node–Medium, an              is a contractor-operated facility that functions as the
integrated, Internet Protocol (IP)-based, man-porta-      Command’s Logistics Center of Excellence. Mainte-
ble satellite terminal. This system extends broadband     nance and modification of SOF rotary wing assets are
command, control, communications, computer,               two examples of the many essential logistics capabilities   Iraqi enables USSOCOM to rapidly support the
intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance (C4ISR)    this depot-like activity provides for SOF.                  fielding, supply, maintenance, refurbishment, and
services down to the deployed tactical SOF unit.            Ongoing efforts to expand SOFSA’s joint Contractor-        reset of SOF equipment in direct support of combat
  USSOCOM will continue to pursue emerging                Inventory Control Point capabilities will ensure            operations. The data warehouse initiative will enable
technologies that demonstrate a potential benefit to       SOF receives priority supply support for special            end item visibility for special operations-peculiar
the SOF Warrior and his unique skills and missions.       operations-peculiar equipment while using standard          equipment and will be directly linked to Service
However, SOF will rely on the Services to develop         supply automation systems. SOFSA in-theater logistics       common supply and accountability systems, providing
the next generation of basic aircraft, helicopters,       support to SOF for operations in Afghanistan and            a real-time view of this equipment worldwide.



                                                   HSV: HIGH SPEED VESSEL
                                                   The 313-foot USSOCOM-modified High Speed Vessel (HSV) Joint Venture is a revolutionary concept developed
                                                   to effectively employ Special Operations in the full spectrum of War on Terrorism missions. Operating in the
                                                   Asia-Pacific region in support of Special Operations since July 2005, the HSV’s shallow draft and non-military
                                                   appearance allows it access to most of this expansive and remote littoral region. The vessel can support a
                                                   Task Group of Navy SEALs, including boats, mini-submarines, helicopters, unmanned aerial vehicles, and
                                                   HMMWV’s, and spends over 30 percent of its time cruising at over 30 knots to provide rapid mobility and
                                                   forward basing in an area that covers millions of square miles of ocean. Conducting port visits to Malasyia,
                                                   Indonesia, and the Philippines in support of regional engagement and humanitarian efforts, the Joint Venture
                                                   is successfully demonstrating what can be accomplished with long-term sea-based SOF mobility.



                                                                                                                          Right Place, Right Time, Right Adversary      23
                                             O
                                                       ver the next 10-20 years, Special Operations Forces (SOF) will continue
                                                       to operate against non-traditional, non-state, unconventional, and trans-
                                                       national enemies in complex, uncertain, and dynamic environments.
                                             Anti-access and area denial will proliferate. Failed states, friendly states, and our
                                             own homeland are potential havens for hostile, non-state threats. USSOCOM
                                             is likely to face major international challenges that differ significantly from those
                                             encountered by SOF in Iraq today. The magnitude and speed of change resulting
                                             from a globalizing world, the changing geopolitical landscape, emerging powers,
                                             and the potential for catastrophic terrorism will be defining features of the world
                                             over the next two decades.

                                               In support of the Global War on Terror, situational    organizational structure, and technology. Transfor-
                                             awareness and stability operations will become more      mation will require USSOCOM to remain focused
                                             significant as increased actions in non-combat areas      on people and their unique skills.
                                             require the need to address partner nation capability
                                             and surrogate operations. As we move into more low-      The Way Ahead
                                             visibility, non-combat area operations and activities,
                                             there will be an increasing demand for special             USSOCOM will continue transforming to meet
                                             operations UW and FID capabilities.                      the demands of the GWOT, while simultaneously
                                               USSOCOM’s transformation goals identify and            conducting SOF missions as a supported command
                                             develop those capabilities SOF will need to ensure the   for planning, synchronizing, and executing global
                                             highest level of current readiness while providing the   operations against terrorist networks. As Afghanistan
                                             resources for long-term force recapitalization. SOF      and Iraq are able to provide their own stability and
                                             will remain a full-spectrum, multi-mission force,        security, conventional U.S. military operations will
                                             capable of conducting tactical operations with stra-     decrease. For SOF, it will mean refocusing assets

              BUILDING
                                             tegic impact, while continuing to operate effectively     towards a different commitment, but the same high
                                             in joint, combined, and interagency environments.        operational tempo. A majority of Special Opera-
                                             Transformation is not just about equipment, but is a     tions will remain involved in the GWOT, but with
          SOF’S FUTURE                       holistic approach to solving tomorrow’s, and in some
                                             cases today’s, problems through doctrine, training,
                                                                                                      less visible combat operations and reduced emphasis
                                                                                                      on the Central Command’s area of responsibility


24   P O S T U R E S TAT E M E N T 2 0 0 6
as focus shifts to finding and defeating a dangerous          education, increased experience, and focused equip-       strategy for improving these capabilities and achiev-
global enemy.                                                ment acquisition. The commander of USSOCOM                ing persistence surveillance. Key elements of this
  The individual SOF Warrior will remain at the core         put into effect the first Mission Training and              strategy are the development of an overarching global
of special operations. In keeping with the first SOF          Preparation Systems (MTPS) roadmap in July 2005,          sensor network; establishment of a USSOCOM
Truth, “humans are more important than hardware,”            which centralized the management and execution of         Unmanned Aerial Systems Squadron; and the contin-
USSOCOM will ensure the SOF Warrior remains                  SOF simulation, mission rehearsal, and mission            ual upgrade of intelligence collection, reporting, and
the centerpiece of the 21st-Century special operations       planning capabilities. This “system-of-systems”           analysis systems. USSOCOM is partnering with mul-
capability. To meet increasing requirements for SOF          approach integrates all SOF simulators into a common      tiple national agencies to develop specific technologies
capabilities, USSOCOM needs to grow forces, but              environment to provide a seamless architecture to         to fill identified ISR requirements and enhanced in-
will do so carefully, ensuring we retain quality in our      conduct all SOF training and mission rehearsals. The      teroperability with National ISR architectures. The
accessions and training. USSOCOM will continue to            MTPS roadmap will significantly improve training           Command’s intelligence center has collaborated with
develop agile and adaptive leaders through specialized       efficiency while enhancing SOF aircrew and operator         the other combatant commands and specific DoD and
training and a robust special operations professional        capabilities and extending platform lifetimes.            non-DoD agencies to create a comprehensive Joint
military education program to enable success in all            USSOCOM’s resourcing focus is to invest in those        Capabilities Document that lays the foundation for
areas. USSOCOM will retain experienced operators by          capabilities that further improve the SOF Warriors’       future ISR developments and procurements. These
employing the force in appropriate roles, by applying        ability to find, fix, and finish the enemy. Improved         initiatives will ensure that SOF warfighters have the
incentives to retain their critical skills and experience,   Intelligence, Surveillance, and Reconnaissance (ISR)      most robust and responsive ISR architecture possible
and by improving management of our personnel.                capabilities provide critical information for the plan-   to meet the challenges of the future.
  USSOCOM will continually improve SOF Warrior               ning and execution of USSOCOM GWOT opera-
capabilities through more efficient training, better           tions. The Command has initiated a multi-faceted




    CHARACTER
    U.S. Army Special Forces Captain Robert Eldridge is a true example of the character
    and drive of a Special Forces Operator. After enlisting in the Army, he successfully
    completed Special Forces training and spent 11 years as a team medic. An avid run-
    ner and leader looking for additional responsibility, he was selected for officer train-
    ing and later returned to Special Forces. While on patrol in Iraq with the 7th Special
    Forces Group, his HMMWV was hit by an Improvised Explosive Device and he was
    severely injured, requiring the amputation of his leg. However, Captain Eldridge was a
    survivor and vowed to recover. With SOF support and through unyielding determina-
    tion, Eldridge recovered through surgeries and physical therapy, finally being fitted
    with an artificial leg. Just nine months after the injury, he was back in uniform as he
    took command of the Headquarters support company of the 7th Special Forces Group.
    Today he continues to run, often far ahead of his younger peers at a 6:30 minute pace.


                                                                                                                           Right Place, Right Time, Right Adversary        25
  Additionally, the way ahead must include two               is posturing the Command for the long-term fight to            USSOCOM TRANSFORMATION GOALS
key elements: building foreign capability to defeat          help ensure the continued security of the United
                                                                                                                           > USSOCOM will enhance the individual
terrorism and highly integrated application of all           States. Unconventional Warfare, Foreign Internal
                                                                                                                              and collective skills, abilities and talents
instruments of national power. USSOCOM’s                     Defense, Civil Affairs, and Psychological Operations
                                                                                                                              of the SOF Warrior.
focus on UW, FID, and interagency cooperation will           are all capabilities that SOF brings to the battlefield
continue to increase to win the long-term fight against       that directly impact the underlying conditions that           > USSOCOM will harness a global network
terrorists. An increasing global presence and focus,         support terrorism.                                               where collaboration and synchronization
enhanced SOF Warrior capabilities, and growing                 Beyond just implementing SOF’s capabilities, USSO-             across command lines will play a dra-
international and interagency coordination all               COM is in a unique position to further international             matically larger role.
combine to form SOF’s direction for the future.              cooperation and to strengthen interagency relationships       > USSOCOM will develop and integrate the
                                                             within the U.S. Government. Realizing GWOT                       capabilities needed to find and fix terror-
Conclusion                                                   requires international engagement, USSOCOM is                    ists anywhere on earth.
                                                             leveraging SOF’s capabilities to help partner nations
  United States Special Operations Command is the            defeat terrorism within their own borders through             > USSOCOM will develop leaders with the
lead combatant command for planning, synchroniz-             targeted PSYOP and CA projects as well as using FID              education, experience and aptitude to
ing, and, as directed, executing global operations                                                                            apply SOF capabilities at the operational
                                                             to build critical counterterrorism capabilities. UW
against terrorist networks. As such, USSOCOM                                                                                  and strategic levels.
                                                             and FID, now and in the future, will remain the
created the Center for Special Operations which
                                                             keys to building environments inhospitable to terror-
developed the first strategic campaign plan for
                                                             ists. An interagency and international endeavor,             The SOF Warrior, specially assessed and selected
countering terrorism. This plan forms the foundation
                                                             USSOCOM will ensure its efforts are coordinated             with world-class training and equipment, supported
of DoD’s effort and is being considered as the long-
                                                             and synchronized with all partners in the GWOT.            by a quality civilian workforce and an outstanding
term framework for assigning resources to the
GWOT. The CSO breaks down traditional barriers                 USSOCOM is encouraging the interagency to expand         acquisition process, are instrumental to success on
by bringing operations, intelligence and planning to-        and improve relationships that enhance information         the battlefields of Iraq and Afghanistan. Through
gether under a single director, capitalizing on the          sharing to better focus all instruments of national        tailored growth, creation of specialized skill sets,
natural synergy to push beyond traditional ways of           power against terrorists. Creation of Military Liaison     enhanced training, and development of advanced
thinking. At the same time, USSOCOM capitalized              Elements, a Collaborative Planning Environment,            equipment, USSOCOM is aggressively preparing
on its unique role among combatant commands as a             and the Joint Psychological Support Element are            special operations to skillfully engage in the long-term
force provider to efficiently tailor its organization,         examples of USSOCOM’s ongoing efforts to improve            global campaign to defeat terrorism in the future.
training, and equipping to meet the demands                  SOF, DoD, and interagency coordination, coopera-           USSOCOM will ensure SOF remains manned,
of the war on terrorism.                                     tion, and collaboration. Recent agreements with U.S.       equipped, and trained to conduct operations...at the
  In conjunction with the Geographic Combatant               government agencies, and focused events with partner       right place...at the right time...with the right force
Commanders, allies, and our interagency partners             nations such as International SOF Week are important       in the Global War on Terrorism. With the continued
SOF will continue to protect U.S. citizens and inter-        first steps in developing a fully integrated and interop-   exceptional support of the U.S. Government and the
ests as well as those of our allies by attacking terrorist   erable world-wide antiterrorist network. USSOCOM           American people, the SOF Warrior will continue
networks, eliminating their capability, and capturing        will continue to identify and create new partnerships      to apply innovative thinking, energy, focus, skill,
or killing their leaders. At the same time USSOCOM           to enhance the SOF Warrior’s ability to locate and         courage, and determination to defeat worldwide
understands that this is a long, global campaign and         eliminate terrorist threats before they can act.           terrorism and prepare for the future.

26    P O S T U R E S TAT E M E N T 2 0 0 6
           AFSOC: Air Force Special Operations Command              NAVSPECWARCOM: Naval Special Warfare Command
           ANA: Afghanistan National Army                           NCW: Network-Centric Warfare
           ASOT: Advanced Special Operations Technique              O&M: Operation and Maintenance

GLOSSARY   BUD/S: Basic Underwater Demolition/SEAL
           C4ISR: Command, Control, Communications, Computer,
                                                                    OPE: Operational Preparation of the Environment
                                                                    OSD: Office of the Secretary of Defense
                   Intelligence, Surveillance, and Reconnaissance
                                                                    PSYOP: Psychological Operations
           CA: Civil Affairs
                                                                    QDR: Quadrennial Defense Review
           CMNS: Combat Mission Needs Statement
                                                                    RDT&E: Research, Development, Testing, and Evaluation
           CPE: Collaborative Planning Environment
                                                                    SEAL: SEa, Air, and Land forces
           CSO: Center for Special Operations
                                                                    SFQC: Special Forces Qualification Course
           DARPA: Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency
                                                                    SOAR: Special Operations Aviation Regiment
           DOD: Department of Defense
                                                                    SOF: Special Operations Forces
           FID: Foreign Internal Defense
                                                                    SOFSA: Special Operations Forces Support Activity
           GCC: Geographic Combatant Commanders
                                                                    SPP: Strategic Planning Process
           GIG: Global Information Grid
                                                                    TSOC: Theater Special Operations Command
           GWOT: Global War On Terrorism
                                                                    UAS: Unmanned Aerial System
           HMMWV: High-Mobility Multipurpose Wheeled Vehicle
                                                                    UCP: Unified Command Plan
           HSV: High Speed Vessel
                                                                    UDA: Urgent Deployment Acquisition
           IP: Internet Protocol
                                                                    USAID: U.S. Agency for International Development
           ISOF: Iraqi Special Operations Forces
                                                                    USASOC: U.S. Army Special Operations Command
           ISR: Intelligence, Surveillance and Reconnaissance
                                                                    USSOCOM: U.S. Special Operations Command
           JPSE: Joint Psychological Operations Support Element
                                                                    UW: Unconventional Warfare
           MARSOC: Marine Corps Special Operations Command
                                                                    WMD: Weapons of Mass Destruction
           MTPS: Mission Training and Preparation Systems

				
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