CONTENTS Visas - Papua New Guinea
Page 1 PRACTICAL VOYAGE INFORMATION Noumea to Rabaul Itinerary
Page 5 GENERAL TRAVEL REQUIREMENTS AND For Australian citizens, it is advisable to obtain your visa
SUGGESTIONS FOR BOTH AUSTRALIAN AND for Papua New Guinea in sufficient time prior to
INTERNATIONAL PASSENGERS departure from your home port. The cost of the Papua
Page 6 PACKING HINTS New Guinea Visa is currently 100 PNG Kina
Page 7 PHOTOGRAPHY TIPS (Approximately AUD45).
For Australian citizens please visit the High
1. PRACTICAL VOYAGE INFORMATION Commission of Papua New Guinea website at
http://www.pngcanberra.org/ or phone Tel: (02) 6273
Oceanic Discoverer is a luxury expedition cruise vessel 3322, Fax: (02) 6273 3732 (Australia) or contact our
designed by Coral Princess Cruises to provide Reservations Department.
maximum stability and guest comfort. Launched in
Cairns in January 2005, Oceanic Discoverer For non-Australian citizens it is advisable to obtain
accommodates a maximum of 72 guests and offers the your visa for Papua New Guinea in sufficient time
relaxed atmosphere of a private yacht. prior to departing from your home port. Please
contact your respective embassies for Papua New
The following information has been prepared to answer Guinea visa information.
your questions about life aboard ship and to help you
enjoy your cruise. Immigration
Cairns - Alotau - Noumea Itinerary
Visas - New Caledonia, Vanuatu and When you disembark the ship in Noumea, New
the Solomon Islands Caledonia, please ensure you have your air ticket to
Citizens of the Commonwealth, United States and present to immigration to prove your onward journey.
European Union do not require Visas for a stay up to 30
days (or for the period of your cruise). For further Noumea to Rabaul Itinerary
information please contact your travel agent or Coral When flying into Noumea, New Caledonia, to start your
Princess Cruises office on +61 7 4040 9999. cruise please have your ship boarding card to present
when you arrive at immigration – this is to ensure your
Visas - Papua New Guinea onward ticket out of the country.
Cairns - Alotau - Noumea Itinerary
For Australian citizens, please note that it will be possible Luggage
to obtain your Papua New Guinea visa on Oceanic Luggage is restricted only as per airline regulations.
Discoverer’s arrival into Papua New Guinea; the cost is Please ensure that your luggage is clearly labelled with
approximately AUD45 and will be added to your your name. Standard size suitcases and soft bags can be
onboard account. stored under the beds.
For non-Australian citizens it is advisable to obtain When flying from your home to join your Melanesian
your visa for Papua New Guinea in sufficient time cruise, please ensure the airline correctly tags your
prior to departing from your home port. Please luggage through to the correct destination and that you
contact your respective embassies for Papua New
Guinea visa information.
have all luggage receipts with your airline ticket. To help Some basic knowledge about the climate and range of
prevent misrouting, remove all previous airline claim activities planned for this trip will help you decide what
tags on your luggage before check-in. to bring along. We recommend that you select a
wardrobe that is adaptable and allows for layering.
If your luggage is lost en route, there will be no Sporty, summer-weight clothing is a good basis for your
opportunity during this itinerary for it to be forwarded to wardrobe. Because wet landings are common, pants
you. Therefore for international passengers, we strongly you can roll-up, shorts, or a cotton skirt or dress are
recommend you check your luggage only as far as your ideal at times. A bathing suit is good for beach visits and
airport of international arrival, pick up your luggage, for swimming. There will be opportunities for
and recheck it to your final destination. This will reduce snorkelling and diving - all snorkelling and dive
the possibility of losing your luggage, and may require a equipment is provided. SCUBA diving is at an additional
slightly longer connection time. cost.
Bars As we regularly have "wet landings" where you may be
There are two fully stocked bars on board with an required to walk on sharp rocks and stony beaches it is
excellent selection of wines, beers and spirits. Bar hours important you pack a pair of closed protective footwear
are 9:00am to 12:00 midnight. such as "river walkers" or “aqua soles” which you are
prepared to get wet each day. You should also bring a
As our vessel is a licensed premise, any alcohol you pair of walking shoes.
bring on board must be declared to the purser and
may be held in bond until you disembark. Come prepared for the sun. A t-shirt to slip over a
swimsuit while swimming is a good idea. We
Air Conditioning recommend sunglasses, a wide-brimmed hat, and a
The ship is air conditioned throughout. sufficient supply of sunblock for protection against the
sun and glare. Also include insect repellent, preferably
Bridge tropical strength and a canteen to carry water. Prepare
There is an "open bridge" policy on board. All guests are yourself for possible rain showers by packing a
welcome on the bridge at any time unless otherwise lightweight rain jacket. Sun block and insect repellent
advised by one of the officers. are available on board and on the Xplorer during
Upon embarkation, a shipboard account is You should also pack a pair of long lightweight close-
automatically opened for your convenience. The "chit" weave pants which are available at all adventure stores.
system is used. A "chit" will be signed and the amount
debited to your shipboard account for bar, shop and When making landings, place any gear to be brought
other purchases. An account will be presented for ashore inside a waterproof backpack. Also commonly
settlement at the end of the voyage. Australian dollar used are inflatable, waterproof yellow sport pouches
Travellers Cheques, American Express, Diners Club, available in camera stores. Silica gel is recommended
MasterCard, and VISA are accepted in payment of your for protecting equipment against high humidity, and
account. You can request a “running total” at any time ziplock plastic bags are useful for protecting your
during the cruise. camera gear. Binoculars are handy for close-up views of
Climate and Clothing
Dress is informal and light clothing is advisable. Casual The atmosphere on board Oceanic Discoverer is casual
attire is appropriate for the entire program although a and relaxed.
modest dress code is required in some villages. See
Packing Hints for specific suggestions. Communications
Oceanic Discoverer is equipped with a new state-of-the-
Our expeditions are scheduled to operate when art onboard communications system, making it easy to
temperatures will be most pleasant. The average daily remain in contact with your friends and relatives at
temperature during your cruise is approximately 27-35 home during your cruise. Phone calls home from the
Degrees Celsius (81 - 96 Degrees Fahrenheit). The ship are cost effective, and guests also have the
temperature is cooler of an evening. opportunity to access high quality wireless internet.
Guests are able to purchase a pre-paid internet card
aboard the ship and then connect to the internet through
either a laptop computer, a PDA or the ship's onboard dress rules. There will be a Captain's Welcome and
computer. In addition, to help you keep in touch with Farewell Cocktail Party. These, although slightly more
news from home and abroad during your cruise we dressy, are still informal.
subscribe to a daily news service and copies of this
publication are made available to guests each day. Electricity
Voltage on board Oceanic Discoverer is 220/250 Hz,
The following are Oceanic Discoverer telephone and 50 cycles A/C (standard Australian 3 pin plug). A
fax numbers. slanted 2-pin adapter plug will work while on board,
Telephone +61 7 4225 3299 however with the 3rd pin missing, the item will not be
Facsimile +61 7 3339 5181 grounded. For our international guests a limited
(+ refers to your International Direct Dialling code, i.e. number of adapters are available on board but we
0011 from Australia). recommend you bring your own for use on board and in
the hotels before and after the voyage. Some hot rollers
Cruise Staff and video camera battery packs require heavy-duty
The cruise staff are available throughout the day. converters rather than the normal travel type. Please
Questions regarding daily activities should be directed check your equipment to be sure you bring what is
to the Expedition Leader. necessary for your personal needs. Bathrooms on board
Oceanic Discoverer are equipped with both 110V and
Money Matters 220/240V outlets for electric shavers only.
The currency used onboard Oceanic Discoverer is
Australian Dollars (AUD). VISA, MasterCard, Diners Elevator
Club and American Express are the credit cards There is no elevator or passenger lift aboard Oceanic
accepted aboard the ship for settlement of shipboard Discoverer.
accounts. Oceanic Discoverer will only accept
Australian dollar cash and Travellers Cheques. Excursion Boat
In addition to our three Zodiacs and Glass Bottom Coral
For shore excursions guests are advised to exchange Viewing Vessel, we will have on board a specially
money into local currencies prior to departure from your designed aluminium excursion vessel, the "Xplorer". This
home port. Ensure that you have this in small vessel has high horsepower engines and will
denominations. accommodate all guests at one time. The "Xplorer" will
be used for landings and for extensive exploration of
A limited amount of local currencies will be available rivers, tributaries and islands. For your added
onboard Oceanic Discoverer for exchange. It is convenience and comfort, the "Xplorer" is equipped with
recommended that you exchange the following an awning and toilet.
currencies prior to departure from your home port:
New Caledonia - Comptoirs Francais du Pacifique franc (XPF) We carry onboard three inflatable landing craft
Solomon Islands - Solomon Island Dollar (SBD) (Zodiacs). Designed for expedition work, these large
Vanuatu - Vatu (VUV) and heavy-duty inflatables are extremely safe. Separate
Papua New Guinea - Kina (PGK) air compartments retain a large reserve of buoyancy
even if the boats are damaged. The flat bottom design
Daily Program permits these crafts to land directly onto the beaches.
A daily program, 'Melanesian Mercury' listing the day's Expect nonetheless to wade through shallow water to
activities on board and ashore will be published. reach the shore.
Dietary Needs Glass Bottom Coral Viewing Vessel
Special dietary foods can be provided, however we must To offer a guided coral viewing experience we carry on
be notified in writing of specific requirements at least board a glass bottom viewing vessel allowing an
three weeks prior to sailing, along with any special informative and dry reef experience.
anniversaries or birthdays you may be celebrating whilst
aboard. Gift Shop
A small gift shop offering a limited selection of toiletries,
Dress souvenirs and sundries is located in the Purser's Office
The atmosphere on board is casual and there are no on the Main Deck. However, we suggest you bring your
own supply of personal toiletries. Oceanic Discoverer Meals
souvenirs include polo shirts, hats and caps, towels are All meals during the cruise are included. Breakfast,
also available. lunch and dinner are usually served in the Dining Room
located on the Main Deck. Breakfast and lunch are
Gratuities buffet style while dinner is table d’hote style with the
Other cruise lines automatically add gratuities to your occasional buffet meal. Coffee and tea is available 24
account and service charges onto your bar invoice. On hours. Meal times may vary according to the day's
Oceanic Discoverer, our crew has no other agenda than activities. Standard hours are breakfast from 7:00 -
your delight, and tipping is completely optional. If you 8:30am, lunch at 12:30pm and dinner at 7:30pm.
wish to tip, gratuities should be offered in cash or Meal times will be advised in the ‘Melanesian Mercury’.
Travellers Cheques. Credit cards and personal cheques
should not be used for this purpose. Any gratuity is to be Medical Attention
made to the Purser for equal distribution to all crew. The crew are trained in "Remote Area First Aid". There is
no physician on board. Severe medical problems will
Hairdryer require evacuation at passenger's expense. Guests
Hairdryers are available in all cabins. should bring a sufficient supply of required prescription
medicines, as they will not be available on board.
Laundry Travel insurance is highly recommended for all
There is a limited laundry service on board Oceanic international and remote cruise itineraries and
Discoverer. Drip-dry, wash and wear clothing is must include medical, cancellation and remote
recommended. If guests require the use of an ironing area evacuation cover. Guests declining travel
board, please contact the Purser and a Cruise Attendant insurance will be required to sign an insurance
will deliver to your cabin for your convenience. Once waiver agreement form.
you have finished using the ironing board please
contact the Purser for your Cruise Attendant to collect. Medical conditions should be declared on booking.
Contact details of personal physicians and ongoing
Lecture Program/Films medical treatment details should be given to the Purser
A series of lectures will be presented during the trip. on boarding.
These presentations are an integral part of the trip and
are designed to lend greater depth and understanding If you are susceptible to motion discomfort
to your experience. (seasickness), you may want to bring stronger
The lecture series, films and slide-shows will be preventatives than over-the-counter medications. We
presented in the Cocktail Lounge on the Bridge Deck. In recommend that you consult with your personal
addition the Expedition Leader will conduct a "recap" of physician for a suitable medication. In addition to the
the day's activities, an overview of the next day's ship's Medical Locker as prescribed under the
program and other interesting topics each evening prior Navigation Act, the Captain is in contact with the Royal
to dinner. Flying Doctor Service and we have on board their
recommended remote area medical kit.
There is a comprehensive resource library on board with Potable Water
an excellent supply of books including natural history Oceanic Discoverer’s desalinator ensures that water
books of the area, and some novels and paperbacks. onboard is safe to drink. There is also bottled water
available for purchase.
Oceanic Discoverer has a cocktail bar/lounge located Safety Rules on Board Ship
on the Bridge Deck. In addition the aft areas of the Main, While the ship is your temporary home, it is also a
Promenade and Bridge Decks are shaded areas with mobile one, and it is essential that you take certain
comfortable seating. safety precautions. Here are some basic rules:
• Always turn lights on before moving about in a dark
There are no opportunities for mail to be posted during • Walk, never run, aboard ship, and be extra careful
the cruise. when walking on wet or damp decks.
• Wear shoes with slip resistant soles when walking
on deck and be especially careful using stairways.
In rough weather note especially: Dining Room and Cocktail Bar with their full-length
• Do not stroll about the ship unnecessarily. windows are also ideal viewing areas. The ship has an
• Hold on to handrails on stairways. Be very careful "open bridge" policy, and you are welcome to visit this
in the bathroom. area except during manoeuvres.
• Brace yourself by sitting in a straight-back chair. If
the chair should move while you are at your meal, Wines and Spirits
hold on to the table and do not attempt to save The ship carries an excellent selection of Australian and
utensils or equipment. New Zealand wines to accompany your meals. Wines
• Doors should be latched open or kept closed and spirits will be automatically billed to your shipboard
during heavy seas. Use the handles and never hold account. Due to licensing laws duty free alcohol is not to
a door by its frame as the ship's movement may be consumed on the ship.
cause the door to close on your hand.
• The buttons of your cupboards and drawers in your
stateroom should be pushed in so that they do not 2. GENERAL TRAVEL REQUIREMENTS AND
swing or slide open. SUGGESTIONS FOR BOTH AUSTRALIAN AND
• If there is unsecured luggage in your cabin, call INTERNATIONAL PASSENGERS
your Cruise Attendant.
• Secure items in your bathroom and on your Luggage Allowance: Flights
bureau, or place in drawers. In addition to one carry-on bag, luggage restrictions
apply specific to the airline, flight origin and fare type.
Smoking/Non Smoking Please check with your airline on its policy for luggage
Smoking is permitted on the outer areas of A and B allowance. Limits range from 1 to 2 pieces per person
decks only. There is a "no smoking" policy throughout not exceeding 20-32 kilograms (44-70lbs) per piece.
the interior of the ship. There is a total smoking ban While storage space is limited on the Oceanic
when travelling on the “Xplorer”, zodiacs and during Discoverer there is luggage storage under all beds.
Note: Most airlines strictly enforce their luggage
Statistics: Oceanic Discoverer regulations. Excess luggage charges can be substantial.
Built: Cairns, Australia - launched 2005 Clothing: Extended Flights
Construction: Steel For maximum comfort on extended flights, wear
Registry: Australian relaxed, loose-fitting clothes suited to long stretches of
Length: 63 metres (207 feet) sitting. Drink generous amounts of non-alcoholic liquids
Breadth: 13 metres (42.6 feet) during the flight to avoid dehydration caused by the dry
Draught: 3 metres (9.8 feet) cabin air. For those of you who can sleep en route,
Speed: 14 knots consider an inflatable neck-pillow, ear plugs and an
Oceanic Discoverer has a large Sun Deck with Currency and Money Matters
comfortable sun lounges and spa pool. All purchases onboard Oceanic Discoverer must be
made in Australian dollars (AUD). VISA, MasterCard,
Valuables and Passports Diners Club and American Express are the credit cards
As we operate a 'no key' policy while at sea, please try accepted aboard ship for settlement of shipboard
and leave any non-essential valuables at home. Coral accounts.
Princess Cruises is not to be held responsible for the
loss or theft of any jewellery, cash, etc. A safe is Purchases made ashore throughout Melanesia will be
available at Reception. Passports will be collected by made in local currencies. There will be a limited
the Purser during the cruise for immigration purposes. capability for currency exchange on board; guests are
The Purser will conduct clearance with the officials on advised to exchange money into local currencies prior to
your behalf. departure from your home port. Ensure that you have
this in small denominations.
The Sun Deck, Fore Decks and Aft Decks are all ideal for Credit cards are accepted at most hotels and
watching the scenery and wildlife. In addition the restaurants and on board Oceanic Discoverer. Oceanic
Discoverer will only accept Australian dollar cash and make your trip as enjoyable and comfortable as
Travellers Cheques. possible. As with all travel to remote areas, changes
may be necessary and, when they occur, can enhance
Health Requirements an expedition. Your leaders are experts in adventure
It is imperative that you consult your medical advisor travel and because of their familiarity with the area they
prior to your journey. As Malaria is a health risk in can be trusted to make the best alternate arrangements.
Melanesia it is advisable that your medical advisor
prescribes the correct form of anti-malarial tablets. Respecting Customs and Cultures
Please be aware that some courses of medication must Please note that some villages in Melanesia may have a
be taken some time before entering a malarial zone and more conservative dress code for visitors, it is advisable
also be continued after exposure. Please note that the to wear a shirt which covers the shoulders and knee
best form of prevention is protection. Wear light long length shorts in villages. Please see Packing Hints for
sleeved clothing particularly from late afternoon and more details. You may be required to ask permission
early morning if you are out on the deck and also wear before taking photos in some villages. Our Guest
repellent with a high content of Diethyl Toluamide Lecturers will be able to advise on various customs
(DEET) - especially when on shore excursions. throughout Melanesia.
A Yellow Fever certificate of vaccination is required if Time
arriving within 6 days after leaving or transiting infected New Caledonia, Solomon Islands and Vanuatu are
areas or countries situated in endemic areas. + 11 hours ahead of Greenwich Mean Time.
To fully enjoy this program, all participants should be in Papua New Guinea time is +10 hours GMT (Greenwich
good general health, able to walk reasonable distances Mean Time), the same as Eastern Australia. Please note
over sometimes uneven terrain, and stand during that there is no daylight savings.
excursions. Should you have any physical limitations
please notify us in advance of your departure. The ship Tipping Guidelines
does not have a physician on board. Tipping in Melanesia is not recommended or
It is also advisable to carry with you an up-to-date
record of your allergies or chronic medical problems so Transfers
that emergency treatment, if necessary, can be carried Transfers are not included. It is advised to use transfers
out without endangering your health. Your physician provided by your hotel.
can prepare a summary record for you. You should also
carry with you the telephone number for your physician's
24-hour answering service. 3. PACKING HINTS
Hotels We recommend that you pack simply and lightly.
Hotel Check-In Clothing that you can layer will prepare you for all kinds
Since check-in in most hotels in Melanesia is early of weather. More specific information regarding
afternoon, it is not always possible to guarantee room clothing and weather considerations is included in
occupancy immediately upon arrival in the morning. section 1 of this document. In packing your carry-on bag
Your patience and understanding will be appreciated. for the flight, we suggest you pack essential toiletries,
medicines, and a change of clothing in the event you
Hotel Check-Out reach your destination without some or all of your
At the conclusion of your stay, please check-out with the luggage.
hotel's cashier in the usual manner, settling any In tropical conditions, shorts and lightweight shirts are
incidental charges you incurred, and removing your most comfortable, but loose, long-sleeved shirts and
valuables from the safe. Always allow sufficient time to long pants in a natural, lightweight fabric (eg. cotton)
accomplish this. In the case of an early morning offer protection against the sun and insects.
departure, you may prefer to take care of these details
the previous evening. The following clothing list is designed to assist you in
preparing for your expedition:
Itinerary Variations • slacks, lightweight
Crew and staff of Coral Princess Cruises will strive to • shorts, loose and comfortable – knee length shorts
are required in villages
• shirt/blouse, short sleeved • pocket-sized notebook
• cotton shirt, long-sleeved for beach cover-up • plastic water bottle or canteen
• rain jacket, lightweight • reading and writing materials
• sweater, sweatshirt, jacket, or light wrap • toiletries
• socks, underwear, etc. • fins and mask (available on board, but you may
• pyjamas wish to bring your own mask for the best fit)
• sunhat with brim
• bathing suit and board shorts - knee length You may also include, tissue packs (tissues are supplied
• walking shoes, rubber soled in cabins), pre-moistened towelettes, a deck of cards,
• rubber sandals called "river walkers " or "aqua rubber bands, safety pins and washcloths.
soles” - thick-soled mesh socks for wet
landings/beach If you wear prescription glasses, take an extra pair in
• sandals or thongs for on board use case of loss or damage. Contact lens wearers should
also bring glasses since wind and salt can irritate the
For slightly more dressy occasions (Captain's Welcome / eyes. You should bring an adequate supply of any
Farewell Cocktail Party): prescription drugs you use. Packing them in your carry-
• pants or skirt on luggage is always recommended.
• 1 dress shirt/blouse
• 1 good pair of shoes Important: Keep all travel documents such as passport,
Be sure to pack a kit with an ample supply of basic airline ticket, and travel vouchers with you during your
health and first aid needs including: flights.
• any prescription drugs and vitamins you use
• antacids, decongestants, throat lozenges, and
other medications that you use for common 4. PHOTOGRAPHY TIPS
• Pepto Bismol or similar medications Be prepared for excellent photographic opportunities.
• aspirin or other analgesic On excursions with fellow participants, remember basic
• bandaids, antiseptic, and tropical antibiotic etiquette of photography. Allow others to get a clear shot
• motion sickness preventatives before walking into their view; do not crowd around an
• insect repellent (tropical strength) and insect-bite object but instead form a semicircle to leave an
relief products unspoiled background.
• sunscreen and sunburn relief products, chapstick
and protective lotions for lips and face Camera
• personal toiletries or hygiene products Digital cameras are now the camera of choice for most
people. However if you prefer the traditional film
The following items may come in handy; experienced camera please ensure you bring with you ample
travellers pack them routinely: supplies of film as there will be no opportunities to
• binoculars (essential for bird watching) purchase film during the expedition.
• folding umbrella
• small hand held fan If possible, bring two cameras in case one malfunctions.
• small flashlight/torch If you have recently purchased a new camera, we
• travel alarm clock strongly recommend you become familiar with its use
• backpack (preferably waterproof) suitable for before joining the ship.
carrying your photographic equipment and other
items for shore excursions Please remember to bring the operating instructions,
• extra prescription glasses or contact lenses battery charger, and additional batteries. For digital
• sunglasses cameras, we strongly recommend you bring a large
• plastic bags of various sizes, including "zip lock" capacity memory card and an extra card to increase the
type capacity for images.
• camera, camera bag, and all the photographic
equipment you will need (see “Photography”) Most of today's SLR (SLR = single lens reflex, a.k.a.:
• plenty of film and batteries interchangeable lenses) cameras have automatic
• disposable underwater camera (can be purchased settings making them as easy to use as the point & shoot
on board) cameras.
Most camera manufacturers offer auto focus and an Battery Charging Onboard
integrated flash. You will need a flash unit in dark, Your batteries can be charged in your stateroom. The
shadowy areas to use as fill-in light; otherwise your power on board is 240 volts from an Australian / New
photo may not show all the detail that you remember. If Zealand power point. If you are a guest from other
your camera does not have an integrated flash, there countries please be sure to bring an adapter plug.
may be a dedicated flash unit available for it (a flash unit
built specifically for that particular camera with an For further information please feel free to
automatic setting). The camera salesperson should be contact us:
able to help you in this area and give you some tips on
using the flash. Telephone: +61 7 4040 9999
Fax: +61 7 4035 5995
If you do not wish to go with the SLR for your trip, there Free Call (within Australia):1800 079 545
are many point & shoot cameras available which are Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
simple to use. It has auto focus zoom lens, integrated Website: www.coralprincess.com.au
It is important to bring plastic bags to protect your
camera from rain, salt spray, and dust. Silica gel is
recommended for protecting equipment against high
Always consider a UV or Skylight filter for your camera.
The most important reason is to protect the front lens
element from dirt, fingerprints and damage. These
filters do not alter the amount of light reading the film
plane; therefore it is not necessary to adjust the f-stops
on the lens to compensate. These filters will reduce the
amount of blue or haze you see through the viewfinder.
A polarising filter will reduce the amount of reflective
light reading the film thereby reducing the glare seen
through the viewfinder. A polariser is a necessity for
shooting around water in bright sunlight.
Make sure that you know which type of exposure meter
your camera has. For example, if you own a Canon F-1
or T-90, you will need a circular polariser because of the
beam-splitting meter. Check in your camera manual to
see if you need a standard or circular polariser. The
polariser does require an f-stop adjustment on the lens
(unless your camera has through-the-lens-metering)
before you take the picture. Set the exposure and shutter
speed without the polariser attached, open up the f-stop
approximately 1.5 stops, re-attach the filter and shoot.
For best results, always bracket!
You may want to consider buying a zoom lens if you do
not already own one. Bring lens hoods for your zoom
lenses, as zooms are susceptible to lens flare when
aimed directly into any light source. Zoom lenses are
reasonable in price. Bring plenty of lens cleaner and
Melanesia Expedition Cruise 2011