Docstoc

Worksheet1

Document Sample
Worksheet1 Powered By Docstoc
					                                     454aee92-6cbd-4a37-b2b3-60e35d2f60f9.xls


PART I: ESTIMATING UNIT COSTS AND ANALYZING THEIR COMPONENTS




Problem 1


Table 1:    Selected data on enrollments and aggregrate public spending on education
            in a hypothetical country

                                                                                 Administrative Aggregate
                                              Primary Secondary         Higher    overheads     spending
Number of students ('000)                     3,206.0    299.0          205.0         -             3,710.0
Recurrent public spending: (million US$)
 Personnel remuneration                       6,227.2     1,853.9        917.4              680.2    9,678.7
 Goods and non-staff services                   185.0        40.0        130.0              225.7      580.7
 Welfare/Transfer payments                       40.0        44.0        600.0                -        684.0

TOTAL                                         6,452.2     1,937.9      1,647.4              905.9   10,943.4


(1)     UC= B = (P + G + W + A)
           N            N




Table 2:   Unit cost estimates by component and level of education

                                                         Primary     Secondary          Higher
Staff component (US$)
Goods and non-staff services component (US$)
Welfare/Transfer payments component (US$)
Administrative component (US$)
Overall unit costs (US$)

As a multiple of unit cost of primary education
As a percentage of per capita income
Relative cost index

Note: The per capita income of the hypothetical country in this example is assumed to
      be US$8,900.




                                                        Worksheet1                                             Page 1
                                                    UNITCST1.XLS


Problem 2


Table 3: Number of students and teachers in basic education in a hypothetical
         country

                                        Cycle 1         Cycle 2     Both cycles
Number of pupils                     2,400,000         806,000      3,206,000
Number of teachers                      89,000          50,400        139,400


Table 4: Teacher salaries and distribution of teachers by qualification in a
         hypothetical country

                Annual Salary          Percentage distribution of teachers
Qualification         ($)           Cycle 1          Cycle 2        Both cycles
     A              40,000            23.0             60.0            36.4
      B             35,000            45.0             30.0            39.6
      C             25,200            32.0             10.0            24.0
 All groups            -             100.0            100.0           100.0


Additional information about spending in cycle 1:

   (a) Aggregate cost of personnel = $ 3,435.4 million
   (b) Transfer payments average $300 a year per pupil, and 3,200 beneficiaries
       receive them annually.
   (c) Per pupil spending on goods and non-staff services are half as high as that in cycle 2




Table 5: Estimates of aggregate and unit costs in cycles 1 and 2 of Basic education in a hypothetical country


                                               Aggregate costs                              Unit costs
                                                                    Total for                            Average for
Input                               Cycle 1         Cycle 2        both cycles    Cycle 1     Cycle 2    both cycles
Teachers
Non-teachers
Goods & non-staff services
Welfare/Transfer payments
All inputs




                                                      Worksheet2                                                 Page 2
                                               UNITCST1.XLS


Problem 3


This problem requires you to apply the formulas discussed in Paragraphs 7-
13 of the case study write-up. Use the space here as a scratch pad to make
your calculations and enter your results in the appropriate places below.




% of teachers on active teaching duty: _______


Official teaching workload = _______


Actual teaching workload = _______


Actual as % of official workload = _______




                                                 Worksheet3                  Page 3
                                    454aee92-6cbd-4a37-b2b3-60e35d2f60f9.xls


Problem 4


For convenience, your results from Table 5 are repeated below.
Refer to the equations in Paragraphs 7-13 of the case study to make your calculations using this
worksheet as a scratch pad. You may enter your results in the spaces below or in the case study
write-up.




Table 5: Estimates of aggregate and unit costs in cycles 1 and 2 of Basic education in a hypothetical country

                                           Aggregate costs                       Unit costs
                                                          Total for                           Average for
Input                            Cycle 1      Cycle 2    both cycles   Cycle 1     Cycle 2    both cycles
Teachers
Non-teachers
Goods & non-staff services
Welfare/Transfer payments
All inputs




(a)     UCt2 = ________ x UCt1


(b)     UCt2 = ________ x ________ x UCt1


(c)     UCt2 = ________ x ________ x ________ x ________ x UC t1


(d)     UCt2 = ________ x ________ x ________ x ________ x ________ x ________ x UC t1




                                                        Worksheet4                                              Page 4
                                                 UNITCST1.XLS


Problem 5


You might find it just as easy to perform the calculations here with paper and pencil.
But if you wish, you may use the space here as a scratch pad. Enter your results
here or on the case study write-up itself.




(a)     Current unit cost = ________


        New unit cost = ________


        % change in unit cost = ________




(b)      Current pupil-teacher ratio = ________


          New pupil-teacher ratio = ________




(c)      Urban unit cost = ________


          Rural unit cost = ________




(d)       Implicit cost of decline in pupil-teacher ratio: $         million




(e)      Simulated enrollment ratio:           %
           Assume the current enrollment ratio = 42 percent.
           Also assume the PTR has been maintained at 37 instead of allowing it to decline to 26.97.




                                                   Worksheet5                                          Page 5

				
DOCUMENT INFO
Shared By:
Categories:
Tags:
Stats:
views:3
posted:10/7/2011
language:English
pages:5