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					    Chapter 1 First steps                                                                                                                                                5
                           ................................................................................................................................
              Don't panic! ................................                                                                ............................................ 5
                                      ................................................................................................
              Log in as an editor ................................                                    ................................................................. 5
                                       ................................................................................................
              Create a news item................................                                       ................................................................ 5
                                                                                                                        ............................................... 7
              Preview & post to home page ................................................................................................
                                                                                                                     .................................................. 7
              Editing from the home page ................................................................................................
                                                                                                                     .................................................. 8
              You’ve read all you need to! ................................................................................................
    Chapter 2 Manila Basics                                                                                                                                              9
                  ................................................................................................................................
      Overview ................................                                                                   ........................................................ 9
                                      ................................................................................................
           Your home page ................................                                            .................................................................... 9
                       ................................................................................................................................
           Posting ................................                                                                    ................................................... 9
                                                                                                                   ..................................................... 10
           Everything is a message ................................................................................................
                    ................................................................................................................................
      Logging in ................................                                                                   .................................................... 10
                                          ................................................................................................
      Adding a new news item ................................                                             .............................................................. 11
                              ................................................................................................................................
      Post a thumbnail ................................                                                                       .......................................... 13
                                         ................................................................................................
           Powerful shortcuts ................................                                           ............................................................... 15
                                         ................................................................................................
      Post your first comment ................................                                           ............................................................... 17
                                  ................................................................................................
      Deleting comments ................................                                          ...................................................................... 17
                                        ................................................................................................
           Editing comments ................................                                            ................................................................ 18
                          ................................................................................................................................
      Adding a story ................................                                                                     .............................................. 19
                                            ................................................................................................
           Linking to your story ................................                                           ............................................................ 19
                                                ................................................................................................
           Adding a link to a story ................................                                            ........................................................ 19
                                                                                                          .............................................................. 20
           To add a new story to the site structure ................................................................
                             ................................................................................................................................
      Adding a picture ................................                                                                      ........................................... 21
                                             ................................................................................................
           How to post a picture ................................                                            ........................................................... 21
                          ................................................................................................................................
      Posting a gem ................................                                                                      .............................................. 22
                                         ................................................................................................
           How to post a gem ................................                                            ............................................................... 22
                                            ................................................................................................
           How to link to a gem ................................                                            ............................................................ 22
                               ................................................................................................
      How to trackback ................................                                        ......................................................................... 23
                                             ................................................................................................
      Logoff ................................................................                                ........................................................... 23
    Chapter 3 Advanced Stuff                                                                                                                                           24
                                      ................................................................................................
      News items with email ................................                                          ................................................................. 24
                                      ................................................................................................
           Size is important! ................................                                        ................................................................. 25
                                                                                                                     .................................................. 25
           Just one thumb wraps nice ................................................................................................
                                               ................................................................................................
      The email interface in depth ................................                                            ........................................................ 25
                                                                                                                         .............................................. 26
           A powerful yet easy interface ................................................................................................
                                 ................................................................................................
           At its simplest ................................                                      ...................................................................... 26
                                ................................................................................................
           One example ................................                                         ....................................................................... 28
                                    ................................................................................................
           Adding switches ................................                                         ................................................................... 29
                   ................................................................................................................................
           Rows ................................                                                                   .................................................... 30
                             ................................................................................................................................
           No captions ................................                                                                      .......................................... 33
                                                                                                                    ................................................... 34
           News items, stories or discussion group items ................................................................
                                           ................................................................................................
           Story and news item ................................                                            ............................................................ 35
                                     ................................................................................................
           Front or pending ................................                                         .................................................................. 37
                                          ................................................................................................
           Rename and resize ................................                                             ............................................................. 38
                                              ................................................................................................
           ng ................................................................                                ......................................................... 40
                                    ................................................................................................
           Editing captions ................................                                        ................................................................... 40
                   ................................................................................................................................
           Video................................                                                                   .................................................... 41
                             ................................................................................................................................
           Documents ................................                                                                        .......................................... 43
                                                                                                                  ..................................................... 44
           Different document sizes ................................................................................................
                                 ................................................................................................
           Zipped folders ................................                                       ...................................................................... 46
                               ................................................................................................
           Setting prefs ................................                                      ........................................................................ 47
                                  ................................................................................................
      Managing shortcuts ................................                                         ..................................................................... 48
                           ................................................................................................................................
      Using shortcuts ................................                                                                     ............................................ 49
                                          ................................................................................................
      Changing your password ................................                                             ............................................................. 49
                       ................................................................................................................................
      Autoblogging ................................                                                                    ................................................ 49
                                                                                                                   .................................................... 50
      A few or a hundred bookmarks................................................................................................
                                                                                                                      ................................................. 50
           Add a hundred bookmarks! ................................................................................................
    Chapter 4 Eds only                       Prefs                                                                                                                     52
                                 ................................................................................................
      Customising a site ................................                                        ....................................................................... 52
                       ................................................................................................................................
      Appearance ................................                                                                      ................................................. 52
                                               ................................................................................................
           Site name everywhere ................................                                               ......................................................... 52
                                                ................................................................................................
      Editorial ................................................................                                ........................................................ 53
                                                                                                                         ............................................... 53
           Add editors & Notification list ................................................................................................
                                                                                                                              .......................................... 53
           Home page updates notification ................................................................................................
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                              ................................................................................................
           An intranet? ................................                                      ......................................................................... 54
                                             ................................................................................................
           Browser-based editor ................................                                             .......................................................... 54
                                              ................................................................................................
           Other esoteric settings................................                                            ......................................................... 54
                    ................................................................................................................................
      Legal Tags ................................                                                                   ................................................... 54
                  ................................................................................................................................
      Searching ................................                                                                  ..................................................... 54
                             ................................................................................................................................
      Syndication RSS ................................                                                                       .......................................... 55
                                         ................................................................................................
           Creative Commons ................................                                             .............................................................. 55
                      ................................................................................................................................
      Membership ................................                                                                     ................................................. 55
                                                                                                                           ............................................ 55
           Enable or disable membership ................................................................................................
                               ................................................................................................
           Members list ................................                                       ........................................................................ 55
                                      ................................................................................................
           Discussion group ................................                                          ................................................................. 55
                                      logoff................................................................................................
           Cookies are auto logoff................................                                             ........................................................ 55
                                                                                                                  ..................................................... 55
           Email bulletins templates ................................................................................................
                 ................................................................................................................................
           Urls ................................                                                                 ...................................................... 55
                       ................................................................................................................................
      Confirmation ................................                                                                    ................................................ 56
                                               ................................................................................................
      Outlines ................................................................                                ........................................................ 56
                                                                                                                         .............................................. 56
           Radio is extremely powerful!! ................................................................................................
                     ................................................................................................................................
      News items ................................                                                                    .................................................. 57
                                                                                                               ........................................................ 57
           How many news items on the home page? ................................................................
                                                                                                                ....................................................... 57
           More email notifications ................................................................................................
                              ................................................................................................
           Appearance ................................                                        ......................................................................... 57
                                    ................................................................................................
           Editorial Access ................................                                        ................................................................... 58
                                      ................................................................................................
           Email Notification ................................                                        ................................................................. 58
                               ................................................................................................
           Departments ................................                                        ........................................................................ 58
                  ................................................................................................................................
           RSS ................................                                                                   ..................................................... 58
                                               ................................................................................................
      Plug-ins ................................................................                                ........................................................ 58
                                             ................................................................................................
      Themes swap them for fun ................................                                              .......................................................... 59
                               ................................................................................................
      Discussion Group ................................                                        ........................................................................ 59
                                             ................................................................................................
      Discussion Group Themes ................................                                               .......................................................... 59
                                                                                                                    ................................................... 59
      Radio Hosting AKA Comments ................................................................................................
                   ................................................................................................................................
      Trackback ................................                                                                   .................................................... 59
                  ................................................................................................................................
      Advanced ................................                                                                   ..................................................... 60
                                    ................................................................................................
           Navigation links ................................                                        ................................................................... 60
                         ................................................................................................................................
           Template ................................                                                                     .............................................. 60
                                             ................................................................................................
           Home Page Template................................                                                .......................................................... 60
                  Friendly                                                                                      ....................................................... 60
           Print-Friendly Template ................................................................................................
                                               ................................................................................................
           Cascading Style Sheet ................................                                              ........................................................ 60
                           ................................................................................................................................
           JavaScript ................................                                                                     ............................................ 60
                                ................................................................................................
           Site Structure ................................                                      ....................................................................... 60
                                ................................................................................................
           Custom Prefs ................................                                        ....................................................................... 62
                                           ................................................................................................
           News Day Template ................................                                              ............................................................ 62
                                               ................................................................................................
           Navigation appearance................................                                               ........................................................ 62
                                             ................................................................................................
           Calendar Appearance................................                                               .......................................................... 62
           Join Now Members Box                                                                                 ....................................................... 63
                                          Box................................................................................................
                                                                                                                ....................................................... 63
           Sign Out Members Box ................................................................................................
                       ................................................................................................................................
           Themes ................................                                                                     ................................................ 63
                                ................................................................................................
           Editorial roles ................................                                     ....................................................................... 64
                                    ................................................................................................
           Managing editor ................................                                         ................................................................... 64
                                        ................................................................................................
           Contributing editor ................................                                         ............................................................... 64
                                 ................................................................................................
           Content editor ................................                                       ...................................................................... 64
                     ................................................................................................................................
      Syndicating ................................                                                                   .................................................. 64
                                                                                                                  ..................................................... 64
           Linking to your RSS feed ................................................................................................
                 ................................................................................................................................
      RSS Box ................................                                                                   ...................................................... 65
    Chapter 5 Important pages                                                                                                                                        66
      Editors only:                       ................................................................................................
                      News items ................................                                         ........................................................ 66
                    ................................................................................................................................
           Workflow ................................                                                                .............................................. 66
                                      ................................................................................................
           Pending news items ................................                                        ............................................................ 67
                          ................................................................................................
           Departments ................................                                   ........................................................................ 67
                                 ................................................................................................
           Autoblogging link ................................                                    ................................................................. 67
      Editors only:              ................................................................................................
                      Admin ................................                                     ................................................................. 67
                                     ................................................................................................
           Managing members ................................                                         ............................................................. 67
                                     ................................................................................................
           Add a new member ................................                                         ............................................................. 67
                                         ................................................................................................
           Add multiple members ................................                                         ......................................................... 67
                                    ................................................................................................
           Blocking a member ................................                                       .............................................................. 68
                                                                                                     ............................................................. 68
           Forcing a check in of checked out items ................................................................
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      Editors only:                         ................................................................................................
                             Bulletins ................................                                     ............................................................. 68
      Editors only:                         ................................................................................................
                             Referers ................................                                      ............................................................. 68
      Editors only:                          ................................................................................................
                             Shortcuts ................................                                      ............................................................ 69
                                               ................................................................................................
      search ................................................................                                  .......................................................... 69
                                            ................................................................................................
      stats ................................................................                                ............................................................. 70
                              ................................................................................................................................
            Hourly Hits ................................                                                                      ........................................... 70
                                         ................................................................................................
            Hourly Home Hits ................................                                            ................................................................ 70
                                               ................................................................................................
            Most Read Messages ................................                                                .......................................................... 70
                           ................................................................................................................................
            Members ................................                                                                       .............................................. 70
                                 ................................................................................................
      profiles and /prefs ................................                                       ........................................................................ 70
                      ................................................................................................................................
      bookmarks ................................                                                                      ................................................... 71
                              ................................................................................................................................
      restoreTemplate................................                                                                         ........................................... 73
                               ................................................................................................................................
      downloadMySite ................................                                                                          .......................................... 73
                                         ................................................................................................
      Editing navigation links ................................                                          ................................................................ 73
    Chapter 6 Addendum                                                                                                                                                 74
                                                                                                           ..................................................... 75
      Writing for different audiences ................................................................................................
                                                                                                         ....................................................... 82
      Joining children as members ................................................................................................
                                                                                                          ...................................................... 84
      Instructional uses of weblogs ................................................................................................
                                      ................................................................................................
      Bloom's taxonomy & blogs ................................                                       .......................................................... 85
                                                                                                             ................................................... 86
      How 8th graders view blogging ................................................................................................
                                ................................................................................................
      Out of the blogs of kids ................................                                 ................................................................ 88
                        old                                                                              ....................................................... 89
      The seven-year-old bloggers ................................................................................................
                                                                                                                 ............................................... 91
      Gates backs blogs for businesses ................................................................................................
                               ................................................................................................
      Very advanced editing ................................                                   ................................................................. 92
                                       ................................................................................................
            Editing in an outliner... ................................                                 ......................................................... 92
                                                                                             ................................................................... 93
            Edit your site template in Photoshop ................................................................




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Chapter 1         rst
                First steps
                                                                                       jump-start your site
Your first Welcome to your new School site news item has several good links for you to jump
updating.

You probably want to delete it! You can, just go to your discussion group /discuss see the news item there,
open it and at the foot is a yellow admin box with a delete news item radio button.

                                                                     But wait! It’s probably better to leave it there
                                                                     and use the links it provides while you find
                                                                     your way around. To get rid of it naturally, post
                                                                     new news items and let this one scroll off into
                                                                     the archives.


                                                                     Don't panic!
                                                                                                         It's
                                                                     Help is always a phone call away. It' really
                                                                     simple. If it looks hard, you're probably
                                                                     doing something you needn't be doing.
                                                                     If you don’t want to read this manual, just
                                                                     call me!


                                                                     Log in as an editor
                                                                     Look for the login button under the member’s
                                                                     panel or go to this web address:
                                                                     http://roughhay.educatr.com/member/login
                                                                     Type in your email address and your
                                                                     password. If you can't remember your
                                                                     password it can be mailed to your email
                                                                     address. If you want to change your password:
                                                                     login, then go
                                                                     here:
                                                                     http://roughhay.wal
                                                                     sallschools.org/me
                                                                     mber/changePass
                                                                     word
Then, once you see the pink buttons, and few more options on the member’s                   Members panel when not
panel, and the Editors only: menu at the very, very top of every page, you'll know          logged in
you're logged in as an editor.

Warning
Many newbies see the member panel, left and create a new discussion topic,
instead of creating new news item. They’re different things! Whilst you can change
a discussion group message into a story, you can’t change up to a news item.

Create a news item



                                                                                            Members panel when an
                                                                                            Editor is logged in



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                                                              he                         page:
Either go to the new news item page via the Editors only: at the very, very top of every page
Editors only:
News     Create
news item
Or via the members
panel
Members             New
news item
Its actual address is:
http://roughhay.walsallschools.org/newsitems/edit/new




Tips
Make a bookmark or
favourite for your
new news item page.
It’s a page you’ll want
to get to quickly,
easily, perhaps
several times daily.
Once there, you'll
see a page like the
one to the right. It's
titled create news
item and has several
fields, most of which
you can safely ignore
until you're more
comfortable with
posting.

Steps
            1.    Write a title
            2.    Pick a department from the drop down box
            3.    Add some text to the description
            4.    Hit the Create news item button

Notes
Ignore everything else below the description box for the time being, no need for a URL, or anything below the
create news item button. Just write a title, pick a department and add your news to the description box. Keep
it simple.
The comments can be switched off for an individual post, but the need for this is extremely rare. Best to leave
them on, in the default position.
URLs to ping are if you want to trackback to another post on your site or another weblog. It’s quite unlikely
that you’ll want to add anything here, in your early days at least.
Enclosure URL is mainly for podcasting, you'd upload a sound file as a gem and use the resulting URL Again,
quite unlikely you’ll be podcasting in your early days.
Google juice string will be filled in for you using your entered title, it's for creating a more Google friendly page
for your post. You can have more pages, each with a different title, if you want to 'game' Google more; each
                                             mark,
should be separated with a # hash (or pound) mar like this:
            My weird title#My strange title#My crazy title
The above would result in three pages, one each for the optimised titles.
                                                                            your
Again, no need to do anything here. It will be automatically populated with your first go at a title anyway.

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Warning
          write
If you re-write your title, for example if you have a spelling mistake, or for whatever reason you make a
                                                   re-edit
change, it’ll probably mean that you will need to re edit this Google Juice String field too.

Notes
See more about trackback pinging, podcasting and the Google juice string feature in the Chapter: Advanced
Manila.

Preview & post to home page
Well done, you've created a post. But it hasn't gone to the home page, you're in edit or preview mode. Here,
you can keep editing and previewing. If you are an editor, you can also post to the home page. Members can
only create news items. They then hang in the pending news items awaiting an editor to approve them to the
home page.
This way children can create work over several weeks which is effectively only available to themselves and
their classmates. Teachers can let the children work on these news items until they are ready to be published
                        ourse,        will
to the home page. Of course, teacher wi have to lo off the child, then lo in as an editor for the post to home
                           or
page button to be visible—or use another computer. Children/members can only release a news item. This
                                                          re-edited by them, and in fact cannot be reached by
means they have finished working on it. It cannot then be re                    d
them either. (Of course, editors can unrelease such news items on the pending new items page, if children
need to get back to their news item.)

Notes
   :
See: Lesson Plans for Writing for Different Audiences in the Addendum.
In preview mode, you'll get all the fields you had before and the text of your post, as it will appear on the home
page. You could leave the news item here. Perhaps to edit again, the next day, or for someone else to
edit/add to/approve. All such news items that haven't made it to the home page are called pending news items
and can be reached through the pending page:
http://roughhay.walsallschools.org/newsitems

Steps
            1. Review and edit and re re-edit your text
            2. Hit the post to home page button, if you are an editor. Or, if you are a mere member hit the release
               news item button. Which button is shown will depend on who is logged in at the time.
            3. Now, you're done. Posting to the home page takes you to the home page, with your new posting
               at the top of the weblog's items.
                   edit              necessary).
            4. Re-edit your post (if necessary) See below.


Editing from the home page



                             eyed                      post,                    it's
On the home page, in the greyed out text below your post is another edit link—it's small so you'll need to look
                                          editing/preview mode and re-edit. So, don't worry if you post a
for it. Here you may want to go back into editing                     edit.
                                                                 minutes
misspelling to the home page, you can edit whenever you want—minutes or months later.
If you are re-editing, you'll notice that you're back in preview mode, but each change you make takes you
directly back to the home page, so you'll see your changes there.

Tips
 or
For the sake of blog etiquette, your RSS feed and the pings we make upon first publication which tells the
                                                                                      version—obviously. So
world that you've posted, and the trackback ping, we actually take and use your first version
do try to get your post right in preview mode, though this isn't critical.
                                                              because
Also, it makes more sense to get it right in the preview mode because swapping from editing to the home page
                                                                 ,
is time consuming. As each time we have rebuild the home page, and you have to download it. It can quickly
become tedious.

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Steps
            1. Hit the edit link in the greyed out text under the news item which is on the home page.
            2. Make changes in the large description box, or to the title (or add or edit the Google juice text, if
               you've made changes to the title).
            3. Hit the post changes button.
                        ost

Notes
All managing and content editors can edit anything: news items, stories, messages, comments, thumbnails
pictures and gems.
Contributing editors cannot edit anybody else’s posts.
                                                                             .
The author (ordinary members) can also edit their own news items and messages.

You’ve read all you need to!
You don’t need to read any more. You now know as much as you need to. The rest is for more advanced
users. Oh, go on see how easy it is to create and add a thumbnail!

                              things
And there’s some really easy thin for you to do that will make you site much easier to post to. Mainly that’s
email to weblog. It’s super easy, you can post 30 pictures in one go, neatly and efficiently. You’ll find it in the
        :                                            !
Chapter: Advanced Manila, but it isn’t that advanced! In fact in many ways it’s much easier. Certainly, a
powerful time saver.




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Manila Basics



Overview
A Manila site is powerful, and should be ffairly simple to look after. Its most
powerful feature is the edit this page button. It does just that, enables you
                                   age
to bypass the entire HTML and other codes, so you can get to the text of a
web page. You’ll find edit this page buttons or edit links or pink buttons on
                                  age
every page that you’ll want to edit.


Your home page
Your home page will end up being very long, you decide how many days it
displays, how many news items, the idea being that the most recent is at
the top, older items scrolling off the bottom, into the archives.
                               newspaper, add in everyday the important
Think of your home page as a news
things that happen in school, and the mundane. Each day’s postings are
archived neatly away in the calendar structure and can be found easily.
There are areas on the home page where you can keep persistent
information, like your school contact details, and what’s important this term
                                                    only
or today—see those pink edit buttons? These are on visible to
authorised editors.
Also on your home page are links to important sections within your site,
                                                          and you have
                                                          full control over
                                                          these, adding
                                                          links to sites
                                                          outside of
                                                          yours, perhaps
                                                          to the BBC
                                                          schools site, or
                                                          local community
                                                          sites.
                                                                 Members are
                                                                 asked to
                                                                 signup, when
                                                                 they do they
                                                                 have access to
                                                                 new links where
                                                                 they can post
                                                                 news items or
                                                                 add to the
                                                                 discussion
                                                                 group. Of
                                                                 course, all
                                                                 these
                                                                 messages are
                                                                 monitored for
                                                                 your safety by
                                                                 ourselves and
                                                                 by all those
                                                                 email
                                                                 addresses you
                                                                 have in your
                                                                 notify list.

Posting
Posting to your home page is a doddle, just add a title and some


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descriptive text. Two clicks later you’re done.
Every post needs a title, but doesn’t need a URL. Pick which department to send to, too. The description text
                   sily
for each post is easily enhanced with the WYSIWYG buttons, so you can italicise, embolden, add lists and
even add URLs (links, web addresses, hyper links, they’re all the same thing) to other pages.
See? You don’t need to know any HTML at all! But you can get to the HTML if you want. Hit the source mode
button and the HTML button to swap between the two.
The areas below the description text area you can ignore, they’re filled in with default values automatically.
Once you’ve added the title and description, you merely hit the create news item button. Check how the item
looks in the preview, then post to home page. All done. All done within seconds, painlessly.
                            ost
We know it’s painless we’ve been eating our own dog food since 1999
                                                                                two-
Adding pictures and uploading files like spreadsheets for others to share, is a two-click operation. And adding
links to those pictures, thumbnail or files (we call them gems) or pages (we call them stories) is made simple
                         thumbnails
by the use of what we call shortcuts.

Notes
You can use shortcuts to link to anything, even sites out in the wider Internet.
There’s a whole section on shortcuts in the Chapter: Advanced Manila
Manila includes a built-in membership system that lets you maintain a database of members to send out email
bulletins, restrict posting access to the discussion group and to allow selected members to become editors of
the site.
Manila is based on memberships. Anybody can view a site, but only those allowed to can edit a site, and then,
                                  can
those members who have privileges c only edit the parts allowed by those privileges.
There’s also an extremely wide range of macros; little pieces of code in {curly braces} that extend the system
enormously.


Everything is a message
Everything that you create in a Manila site is stored as a message, which is available in the discussion group.
Stories, even pictures and thumbnails are also available as messages in the discussion group (if the
                                   them—they’re not by default). To see everything in a Manila site, simply
preferences are set so you can see them                                        ing
add /discuss to the URL of any home page.
e.g. http://www.walsallschools.org/discuss
This way you can comment or discuss anything that’s posted within a site. Discussion group messages only
appear in the discussion group, unless you upgrade a message to a story, then it’s also available in the stories
                                             s
list. You can also give a story or message its own URL, and that will appear in the site structure on the home
page and every page of your site.

Notes
Here are some examples URLs of ‘things’ in your site. Each has a number, every number is different and
increments by one as you add another ‘thing’ to your site.
http://www.walsallschools.org/thumbnails/thumbnailViewer$123
http://www.walsallschools.org/discuss/msgReader$124
         w.walsallschools.org/stories/storyReader$125
http://www.walsallschools.org/stories/storyReader$125
Our URLs are not case sensitive. It just helps readability to have capitals in our URLs.




Logging in
To start editing and configuring your Manila site, you need to login.
                                  Click
Go to the home page of your site. Clic on the login link, which is under Members in the left hand column of
                                                                          embers
your home page.

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Steps
            1. Click the login link.
            2. Enter your email address and password
            3. Click the login button.

Notes
                            ,
If you forgot your password, you can just enter your email address and leave the password field blank. Manila
will send a copy of your password in an email.
If you want to change your password at anytime, go to the /member/changepassword page. You’ll need to be
logged in.
Warning
Occasionally, you may find your Editors only buttons are missing when you return to the site, maybe the
system has logged you out, or your browser cache may not be working correctly. Try the following steps:
Hold down your Ctrl key and click on the refresh icon. This forces a reload of the page, bypassing your cached
version on your machine.




Hit the reload button several times
       logging
Try re-logging in. It may be that you’ve been logged out of the site.

Tip
                                                                  log
You can set your site to auto log out members, forcing them to re-log in each visit. Do this through the Editors
only:  Prefs     Membership       Cookies   Do you want cookies to expire at the end of session by default?



Adding a new news item
The home page has a calendar where each day’s news items are stored. Each
day’s news items may be viewed through these links; sometimes one item,
                                  sometimes many more depending on how
                                  many news items were posted on that one day.

                                        Steps
                                                 1. In the Editors only menu, click the news link
                                               2. Then the create news item link, or in the left hand column, in
                                        the members section, click the new news item button.
                                                                        ew
                                                 3. Editors only     News      New News Item
                                                 4. A new page will appear ready for the new news item as below:

                                        Steps
                                                1. In the title box, add the title of your news item (this will appear
                                        on the home page in large grey lettering).
                                                 2. If you have a link associated with the text or news you are
                                        writing, paste it into the URL field. Thus, the large grey text will be an
                                        underlined link to this URL.

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            3. Pick which department the story belongs to from the drop box.
                           epartment
                                                                 or
            4. In the description text box, type your new story (or cut from Word, paste into Notepad then copy
                                       box—this is to shake off any weird HTML that Word thinks you want.
               and paste into the text box                                                            want.)
            5. Once you have typed your text, you may wish to format some of what you have written. Use the
               WYSIWYG editing buttons, try to limit yourself to plain text with only the odd italics or bold. Double
                   rns
               returns for paragraph spaces.
            6. After you are happy with your text, click the grey create news item button. You will be returned to
               the same page, but this time your news item will be at the top in preview, with the editing boxes
                                editing       repeatedly hitting the post changes button.
               below. Do any re-editing now, re
            7. If you have enough privileges you’ll see a post to home page button. If you don’t this is as far as
               you can go. Your news item will be held in the queue awaiting approval from an editor to post to
               the home page.
            8. Once you’re ready click the post to home page button.
                nce
If you wish to make further changes to the news item click on the grey edit button in the light grey text below
the news item itself, and repeat the process.
To format text in the description field; highlight the text you wish to change and then click on the buttons to
make the alterations.
To add a link, highlight the text you wish to show as the link, hit the far right icon, ‘Earth and link’, paste in
the URL and click OK.

Notes
If you are knowledgeable in HTML, you may wish to toggle between the source and WYSIWYG views. Use
the radio buttons below the description field. Take care not to post while in the source mode, as this will result
                             escription
                                        view—an awful problem to unpick. Or so it would seem!
in the HTML being neutered and in full view

Tip
If ever you do neuter your HTML, copy the correct version (it will be in the HTML view, as the source view is
screwed. Paste this into your source view, switch back to HTML view and all will be right again.

A common newbie mistake is to hit the new discussion group topic, instead of new news item. They’re
different things.

            his
Add links! This is the first law of the Internet. Every page has links, the best pages, the ones you, yourself go
to on other sites have plenty of links. Send people away and they’ll come back again. It’s your duty to send
children and parents to further information, even if it’s on another’s site. You are their guide, they’re looking for
places to visit and you can show them the way to go.


Warning
                                                                            ,
It is always good practice, before posting long carefully written news items, to copy to your clipboard the
description. On occasion, something may go wrong connecting to the server, and your whole text may be lost,
permanently. If you have a copy in your clipboard, you’re saved.
Never, ever, ever, post pictures of children with their names! This includes pictures of proud c   children holding
certificates, which when enlarged shows their names. Yes, that’s happened. This is a BECTA tip. And one of
mine. If I see such, I’ll email you to tell you to change it. If I don’t hear from you within, literally, minutes, I’ll
               elf,
change it myself, or delete the whole news item.

Tip
Further options for news items are below the create news item button; they are, largely unnecessary, best to
leave them alone if you are unsure.
A check box to enable comments, usually you’ll leave this as on, so that comments are enabled.
                          trackbacks.
URLs to ping, this is for trackbacks
Enclosure URLs is largely for Podcasting.
Though any file can be added. Such files will

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                                                                                   page,
be added to the small greyed text meta information under the news item on the home page and more
    rtantly
importantly to your RSS feed in as an enclosure item.
Google juice strings. Your title for the news item will be auto added here. You can add other titles, separated
by a hash (#) character.
Such titles will again appear in the small grey meta information under the news item. Think of them as
alternative URLs for the news item that aid searchers in Google. Effectively, they increase your chances of a
                                                    higher
searcher finding your page, as your page will float higher up Google’s search results for the search strings you
provide in this field.



Post a thumbnail
The pictures feature Editors only:   Pictures has been depreciated. Use thumbnails instead. This is a much
                                                                            humbnails
                                                  ses,
more powerful feature suite. Pictures have their uses, but very rarely these days. Specifically, pictures can be
used to add a department icon. Such that every time you post to a department the picture will show and link
to that department’s page.
                                                         any
Manila understands JPEGs (.jpg) and GIFs (.gif) if it is any other format Manila will not upload it – you should
probably upload that type of file as a gem. Follow the steps below to add a thumbnailed picture to your Manila
site.

Steps
            1. Click the thumbnails link in the Editors only: menu at the top of the page.
                          humbnails
            2. Click the create a new thumbnail link at the bottom of the thumbnails list.
                                   ew
            3. Choose a title for your thumbnail.
            4. Click the browse button and locate the image on your computer
            5. Decide on what size the thumbnail will be, if you need to rotate or mirror.
            6. If you need to have several sizes of thumbnails, to use in different pages either tick the boxes or
                                               field—you’ll get a lot more shortcuts.
               add a specific size to the text field
            7. You can add some descriptive text for the image, which will be used for the ALT tag to be more
               accessible for people with disabilities. This description box is now also used for captions.
            8. Click the submit button.




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                                                                             Width of thumbnail. Default
                                                                             of 200 pixels




                                                                             Rotation. Clockwise or
                                                                             counter clockwise



                                                                             Mirroring. Flip, top to
                                                                             bottom, flop, left to right


                                                                             Multiple images. Tick the
                                                                             boxes or add your own
                                                                             precise size




                                                                             Add a caption or at least a
                                                                             long description




                                                                                  your
The time taken to upload will depend on the size, in Kilobytes (Kb) of your image,your connection speed at the
time and how many other people are using your route up to the cloud. Neighbours and others in your school
                         .                              image,
may affect your up speed. Once you’ve uploaded your image, you will be presented with a page, such as that
below.

Notes
                                        s
The below example’s title was “ICT.” Its file name may have been MVC00012345.jpg, it doesn’t matter when
you’re uploading a thumbnail through the web, only when you email them in, is the file name important.
Important to use as the description which can be used to in your internal searching for old thumbnails (it’s
                        description,
                                                                                 c
also used as the caption for emailed and non emailed thumbnails, if you use the –c or –cr formatting qualifiers
on your shortcut.
Warning
                                                                 more
When uploading thumbnails through the web, it’s better to have more descriptive titles than the example
         certainly
below—certainly you should try to add good descriptions, for the same later searching reason. This, therefore
                                    do’—a bad example to screen shot for you. Sorry.
is ‘do as I say rather than do as I do’

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Powerful shortcuts
The title has been used to create the shortcut. The number before your title is the message number
(everything is a message) or more properly the thumbnail’s number. It may, or may not, be followed by some
formatting fun:
         -r                will float your thumbnail neatly around any text you place afterwards.
         -l                will float it left.
         -c          gives you the caption you added to the description box, you can add any extra HTML
         formatting, even links (even shortcuts, though adding a shortcut to another thumbnail or picture will
         probably not be good). It will float left around the text placed after it as in the captionless versions
         above.
         -cr               as above, with a caption, but floats right.
         -plain        this, essentially makes the pictures feature redundant. You’ll be presented with the original
         of your picture, no thumbnail. This will probably be too big, if you uploaded a photo from your camera.
         It’s useful if you upload an illustration that you want to present as same size.
You will need to remember what you have called your picture in order to use in on your site – if you forget, you
can refer back to the thumbnails list.
You have now uploaded a thumbnail! This picture will now appear at the top of the thumbnails list. To view
this list click on thumbnails in your Editors only: menu at the bottom of the page.



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Warning
                                                                                image—sometimes, though
Sometimes after re-editing a thumbnail you’ll see a warning about reloading the image
                              thumbnail,
you’ve altered the image, you may not
                     ,
see your alterations, your image may
seem to be pixelated or not flipped or
       .
rotated. This is solely because the
browser is showing you its cached
version. Reloading the page will clear
this.

Notes
                                            ,
If you make more versions of the thumbnail, to use in different sizes in different pages, all the additional
shortcuts are listed for you below the thumbnail’s image. Each size is available in ordinary and left and right
                               versions—no caption versions.
                               versions
                                                                                     ions,
                                       In the Giant Jellies example, left, other versions, 100, 150 and 27 pixels wide
                                       are created, and ready as shortcuts.
                                       There are now 4 versions of the smaller thumbnail, each will, when clicked up
                                       on, open up the original. The four versions, in this example are 200, the original
                                                           versions,
                                       and the three extra versions, 150, 100, 27 pixels wide.
                              The javascript bookmarklet with is contained in the link edit thumb should be
                                                                  .
                              dragged to you browser’s tool bar. Then you’ll be able to quickly add the
number of the thumbnail to a box and be instantly transported to the edit page for that thumbnail. The
                                                  ,
thumbnail’s number is at the front of the shortcut, it corresponds to the message number for that message.
Remember, everything is a messag
                           message!

Tips
                                                                           ies
It’s easy to play with a thumbnail’s shortcut extensions. In the Giant Jellies example: merely swap -100 for -
                                                                                     l.
150 to pick the right size for your needs, then perhaps float them right –r or left –l. this gives you power to play,
quickly with the size and position of your thumbnails on your page, or news item.




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Post your first comment
Commenting is a great way for your community to feedback to you.

Steps
            1. Click on one of the comment links on your home page. They’re found in the greyed out text under
               each news item.
            2. A new browser window will open with a form you can use to post a comment.
            3. Fill in the fields and click the submit button. When the browser refreshes, you’ll see your
               comment, along with a link to the news item that the comment is in response to.
            4. As more comments are created, they’ll appear below existing comments, in chronological order.

Notes
Every time you receive a
comment on your site an
email, containing the
comment and a link to the
news item the comment is
referring to. All such
messages from your site will
be sent to all on your
notifications list. There is a
list of email addresses that
will receive notifications,
they don’t have to be
members nor editors.
Editors only:   Prefs
Editorial    Email
Notification
Comments can be switched
off on an individual news
item basis, or switched off
totally for a site.
Warning
If it’s a first time
commentator, they will also
be signed up to the site,
automatically. You will also
receive a new member
notification email, which the
new member will also
receive. In your version,
however, is a link which will
delete the member and all
their messages. Handy, if ever
you get the odd idiot who
leaves junk comments, and
lots of them. One click and
they’re all gone.



Deleting comments
                  t
You shouldn’t get too much trouble that you’ll ever need to delete comments, they’re always nice to have even
if they don’t advance the debate. Still there maybe times when you want to delete them.


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                                                                           It’s easy, if you want to delete
                                                                           individual comments, or just a few. As
                                                                           long as you’re logged in as a
                                                                           managing editor, you’ll see a tick box
                                                                           on the green pop up page, next to the
                                                                           comment you want to delete. Tick it,
                                                                           hit the delete comments button at the
                                                                              ot
                                                                           foot of the page, and they’re gone.

                                                                           As it says in the warning above, you
                                                                           (and all on your notification list) will
                                                                           receive an email from a new
                                                                           commentator as they sign up.

                                                                           Tip
                                                                           If you lose this email, and there are
                                                                           continuing unwelcome comments,
                                                                           you may want to reconstruct the URL,
                                                                           just change the membership number
                                                                           at the end of the URL. Look in your
                                                                           /stats/members for the member you
                                                                           want to delete, run your mouse over
                                                                           the link to see their membership
                                                                           number.

                                                                           If you get more of a problem you may
                                                                                   contact
                                                                           want to conta support. We are very
                                                                           experienced in the area of
                                                                           moderation and can even block IP
                                                                           addresses, or add key words to a
                                                                           filter.

                                                                           Warning
                                                                  Very occasionally your site may
                                                                  suffer from a bout of spam. This is
more usually comment spam, though there is message and member spam too, not to mention trackback spam.
                  mely                      its
Spam, now is extremely rare! No matter what it type.
                                                                                  sites
We block lots of spam everyday, not just to your site but to the many hundreds of site we host across several
                                        for
installations. We have a zero tolerance fo any spam. As soon as it is detected we delete it and use it to
construct yet more barriers.
If you are hit by spam, do not worry, we’ll be on to the nuisance probably before you notice.
Spam is one of the perils of having an open system, but the benefits far outweigh the slight chance that some
spam will break through our barriers.

Editing comments
You’ll need to visit the discussion group version of the comment to edit it.

Steps
            1. You’ll need to be logged in a
               managing or content editor
            2. Go to the /discuss page
            3. Find the item you wish to edit,
               in this case it’s a comment
               and it’ll have a title something
               like:
               Re: Comment on post no 123
            4. Open it by clicking on its title
            5. Hit the edit this page button to edit
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            6. Make your edits
            7. Hit the post changes button to finish



Adding a story
Follow the steps below to add a story to your Manila site. Each story can be a different page on your site like
the default story that has the text for your about page.

Steps
            1.    Make sure you’re already logged in and that y  you’re logged in as a managing editor
                                                                                        anaging
            2.    Click the stories link in the Editors only menu at the bottom of the page.
            3.    Click the create a new story link at the bottom of the stories list.
                                        ew
            4.    Editors only:    Stories      Create a New Story
            5.    Choose a title for your story.
            6.    You can then add the text for your story.
            7.    When you are finished, click the submit button.


Linking to your story
Now you have created your new story, you added a picture and a link to a word document. Now we need to
                      le
make the page accessible to the readers of your site!
You can either put a link to your story anywhere on your site, in a message, in a story, in a news item. But the
link, currently is something like:
http://www.walsallschools.org/stories/storyReader$123
Notice that the URL isn’t too friendly. It doesn’t tell you anything about the content of the page. It’s not really a
URL that you’d like to read over the phone to somebody.


More often than not you want your story page to appear in the site structure, in the little green folders. Then,
                                 t
you’ll want to link to it. Think of your site structure as a virtual directory structure.
The same page as in the example above could be added to the site structure and you’d end up with another,
more friendly URL, which would help the web visitor a little more, by letting them know a little about the
content of the page, for example:
                    hools.org/prospectus/uniform
http://www.walsallschools.org/prospectus/uniform
Both URLS would work, but the latter is better.


Adding a link to a story
You can attach your /stories/storyReader$123 URL to an item on your home page – e.g. you have a news
item and when you click on the title, you want staff to see more details. Though I would caution against using
storyReader$ URLS, it maybe that the further information doesn’t sit well in your carefully constructed site
structure. Though even then, I’d suggest that you added a folder to your site structure called junk or odds or
addendums, and place your story in there.

Steps
            1. Open your new story by selecting it from the stories list by clicking on stories in your Editors only:
               menu. Editors only:  Stories
                                                                see
            2. In the address bar of Internet Explorer you will see an address for this page,
                  e.g. http://www.walsallschools.org/stories/storyReader$1006
            3. Highlight this address and while it is highlighted, hold down your Ctrl key and press C (this is a
               shortcut to copy the address) or you can right click your mouse and select copy.
                                                                              greyed
            4. Go back to your home page and under your news item, select the grey edit link (It’s near the
               comments and trackback links.
                              rackback
                                                                                         page,
            5. Find the text you wish to be able to click on and be directed to your new page that is, your link
               text. Highlight it.
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            6. Now click on the add link… button.
                                 dd
            7. Another box will appear – just hold down your Ctrl key and press V or right click your mouse and
               select paste. Your web address, which you copied earlier, will appear in the box.
            8. Click on OK
            9. You should now be able to see that Manila has inserted some more text around the words you
                                hould
               highlighted; it should look something like this (if you’re looking at the source version):
                     href="http://www.walsallschools.org/it">The
                  <a href="http://www.walsallschools.org/it">The text you wanted to link to is here.</a>
            10. Click on the post changes button to update your story or news item.
                                   hanges
Your link has been created! You can tell it has worked as the word you have made to act as a link will now be
underlined and appear blue!
There’s a Flash how to that demonstrates how to add a link, any link, to the text of your news item or
message:
http://www.walsallschools.org/lessonplans/parts/howtos/addlink



To add a new story to the site structure
                                       You want to add a more permanent document into your site structure like the site
                                       structure shown left.

                                       Steps
                                                1. Open your new story by selecting it from the stories list by clicking on
                                       Stories in your Editors only: menu. Editors only: Stories
                                               2. Scroll to the bottom of the page till you come to the Admin box.
                                               3. Select the set a relative path for this message radio button.
                                                4. In the path: box beneath, type the name you wish to appear in the
                                                                                       below:
                                       site structure. See the blue admin box example below
            5. Click the submit box



                                                                  Tips
                                                                  If you wish to place several pages in a virtual directory
                                                                  (e.g. myFolder) you will need to type the following in
                                                                  the path: box:
                                                                  e.g. myFolder/myFile
                                                                               d
                                                                  Which will add the current story into the directory
                                                                  “myFolder.” Now you have one file in one folder. You
                                                                  can add as many files to that folder as you like, even
                                                                  another folder
             MyFolder/myFile                                      e.g. myFolder/mySecondFolder/myFile
                                                                  Now you have two files called “myFile,” but they are in
                                                                  different folders.

                                                        Notes
No spaces are allowed in the Path: box. Thus, all folder outlines like the one above need to be hand edited in
the Editors Only menu, Prefs, Advanced Prefs Site Structure editing panel. See the notes regarding Site
                                           Prefs,
               er
Structure further in this training manual for more detailed instructions.
If this is too advanced for you just stick to theCapitalLettersForNewWordsConvention as above.




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Adding a picture

Warning
 ictures                                              ,
Pictures have been depreciated in favour of thumbnails, it’s probable that you really want to use thumbnails,
not pictures.
Manila understands JPEGs (.jpg) and GIFs (.gif) if it is any other format Manila will not upload it – you should
                                                                         d
probably upload that type of file as a gem. Follow the steps below to add a picture to your Manila site.

Steps
            1. Click the pictures link in the Editors only: menu at the top of the page.
            2. Click the create a new picture link at the bottom of the pictures list.
                                   ew
            3. Choose a title for your picture.
            4. Click the browse button and locate the image on your computer
            5. You can add some text to describe the image, which will be used for the ALT tag to be more
               accessible for people with disabilities.
            6. Click the submit button.




                                               Give the picture a title in this box




                                                  In this box you can insert a
                                                  description of the picture.
                                                  Once the image is insert into
                                                  the page, this text will appear,
                                                  if you hold your mouse over
                                                  the image.




How to post a picture
Your newly uploaded picture will appear on the screen followed by the following message…
To include this picture in a page type "my picture", including the quotes.
                             page,
It could be called “my picture” or anything you choose to call the image in the title field, when you uploaded it.
You will need to remember what you have called your picture in order to use in on your site – if you forget, you
can refer back to the pictures list.
You have now uploaded a picture! This picture will now appear at the top of the pictures list. To view this list
                                  only: menu at the bottom of the page.
click on pictures in your Editors o


Warning
               nction
The pictures function does not resize the image, what you upload will be what you get. If you upload a very

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large image, this is what you’ll get.



           em
Posting a gem
                                                   type—movies,                                       etc.—to
The gems feature allows you to upload files of any type movies, sound files, zip files, spreadsheets, etc.
your Manila website.
From the gems page you can find a list of posted gems that shows the size and type of the file on disk. It also
                                                  gems—that
shows you the URL, so you can link to the file from other pages in your site.
If you’re a managing editor, you also get a checkbox and a delete button. You can delete gems by checking
one or more to delete, then clicking the delete button. This removes the gem from your list and deletes the file
on disk.
There is a limit to the space on disk you may use. The gems list page tells you how much free space you have
left in your folder.


How to post a gem
Steps
            1. Log in as a managing editor.
                             anaging
            2. Click on gems in the Editors only: menu bar. Editors only         Gems
            3. Click the create a new gem link to upload a new file.
                                    ew
            4.                         the
               You can give it a title—the title is optional, as with pictures. The title will be the name of the
               shortcut that’s created. If you don’t supply a title, the name of the file will be used as the title and
               the shortcut.
                                                      file
            5. Click the browse button to choose a f on your hard drive to upload.
            6. When you’re ready, click the post new gem button. Then you’ll be returned to the gems list page,
               and your new gem will be listed at the top.
Warning
It’s better to give your gem a good, memorable and descriptive title.
Later, you may be looking at a list of gems called:
            Document 1
            Document 2
            Document 3
Which is not helpful at all!
Whatever title you give it, we’ll use this as the shortcut.
                                                 ,                            looking at shortcuts of the
If you use several gems in one news item or story, again you don’t want to be look
                                ews
                                                                                        your
order: “Doc 1” and “Doc 2” Use something more helpful and descriptive for the title of you gem!

How to link to a gem
Adding a link to a gem is the same as adding a link to a picture or story, just surround the name of your
uploaded gem with quotes and Manila will automatically swap your shortcut for a link.

Steps
            1. Select on your page where you want to insert the gem.
                                            (case-sensitive)
            2. Then type the exact name (case sensitive) of your gem within quote marks e.g. “GemName” or it’s
               much better to copy and then paste the shortcut name you decided on when creating the gem—
                                                                           convenience.
               it’s given to you, already surrounded with quotes, for your convenience
                                                                                    update
            3. Now click the grey post changes button at the bottom of your page to updat the information.
                                   ost

Notes
If the link doesn’t appear on your page as a link like this…
GemName

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…You’ve not written the file name on the page, exactly as you’ve uploaded it in the gems list. The shortcut
             sensitive
will be case-sensitive and you even need to include the correct amount of spaces! You can see why it’s far
better to copy/paste these shortcuts
                           shortcuts.
If the document you are uploading as a gem has a long file name, Manila may not be able to upload it
         .
correctly. Shorter names will be easier for you to remember exactly too. Consider renaming the file before
uploading it.
If you need to delete a gem that you have uploaded incorrectly (i.e. wrong file), you will not be able to give a
subsequent gem the same title.



How to trackback
What is trackback? It's a way of telling another site that you're talking about them. You put a URL to their
permaLink, or copy a trackback link into the URLS to ping area of your news item, when you post, the
server goes and gets that page, looks in it for some XML stuff, and then sends a trackback ping to their server
to tell them you're talking about their news item.

It sounds more complex than it needs to be.

When I'm linking to news items off our community's sites, I always copy the URL under the hash mark (or as
the call it in the US pound sign) # in the greyed out text at the foot of each news item, and place it in the URLs
to ping box which is below the description box. Then, the news item I'm linking to will have one Trackback [1]
and the notify list is sent an email telling of the trackback.

Of course, it's not just sites here that support this feature. I trackback to other blogs, and other blogs
                                   let
trackback to me. A great way to le people know you're talking about them.

Steps
            1. Once you’ve discovered a news item on a school blog or any other blog that you want to
               trackback to, make a note of the trackback URL, if they have one.
            2. In your news item, once you’ve completed the title and description, add their trackback URL to
               the URLS to ping box. If there’s more than one, add more separated with a return.
            3. Hit create news item. It’s not till you hit post to the home page that the ping will be sent out from
               your site to theirs.
            4. Leave it a few minutes, sometimes it may need to be left for days, if they need to manually
               approve incoming trackback pings. You should see a trackback in their comments or in a
               separate pop up box, like ours. In there will be a link to your news item, and an excerpt, usually
                                                      it’s
               the first sentence of your news item—it’s worth bearing in mind that your first sentence needs to
               be very well written!



Logoff
                                                                                                        you’re
There may be times when you want to sign out or as we call it logoff of a Manila site, either because you’r
using a public location to work on the site or perhaps you want to see what it looks like to a visitor.

Steps
            1. From any page you can click on the sign out link under the members panel or if you are an editor
               you can click the logoff link in the Editors only: menu. Editors only:
                                  ogoff                                               Logoff
            2. Click sign out to confirm that you want to, and Manila will return you to the page you were just
               looking at.

Notes
                                                                                  ,
But now you’ll see the page without the Editors only links, edit this page buttons, pink buttons, edit links and
so on. When you’re ready to edit the site again, just login and you’re away.

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Advanced Stuff



News items with email
You all know how to update your front news page by creating a news item. You all know how to add
thumbnails to that news item. But adding many thumbnails can take a fair bit of time.
                                                               non-techs.                     of
Now we’ve made this process much, much, much easier, even for non techs. It’s a one touch way o updating
your site. Step up to the stage, our hero, plain old
email. (Rapturous applause!)                           The preferences
                                                         The preferences
Write your text, attach your images, hit the send      There are some preferences that you can change,
                                                         There are some preferences that you can
button and you’re done. Go and make some tea, as         although we think we’ve set them up in the best
your website will check for new mail every 15 minutes        change, although we think we’ve set them
or so and it will do the rest for you — automagically.   way for you.
                                                             up in the best way for you.
Merely send an email to your secret address Keep
                                      address.
this address always secret! The subject line of the              Go to Editors only:   Prefs   Email-to-weblog
email will become the title of the news item, the body                                           Email-to-
                                                                   Go to Editors only: Prefs ==> Email
text of the email will become the body text of the news                weblog
item, and any images, documents, video that you                  There, you’ll see at the bottom a list of email
attach will be thumbnailed within that news item. Their              addresses who are allowed to post directly to the
file names will become their captions. Everything will               There, you’ll see at the bottom a list of email
be formatted nicely for you. Send the email and forget.                 addresses who are allowed managing editors,
                                                                     front page. We’ve added a few to post
There is no magic to do at your end, it all happens out                  you’ll certainly want to add to this list. a
                                                                     butdirectly to the front page. We’ve addedAny
of sight on the server. You merely send plain old text
                                                                        few phone email addresses and any other
                                                                     mobile Managing Editors, but you’ll certainly email
emails to your secret email address, and you can do
this from your regular mail application (Outlook,                       want tohat to envision yourself posting
                                                                     accounts that you this list. Any mobile phonefrom.
                                                                                add o
Thunderbird) or through a web mail service (Hotmail,
                                                                        email addresses and any other listed
                                                                     These email addresses needn’t beemail as
Yahoo or walsall.sch.uk).
                                                                       accounts editors though is better
                                                                     members northat you,envisionityourself to add
   ,
But, better than that if you have an email capable
mobile phone, especially one that can take and attach                   posting from. as the link under the news item for
                                                                     these as editors,These email addresses
photographs you have a mobile blogging platform, and
you’ll be able to update from anywhere, anytime.                     theneedn’t be listed as members nor editors. are
                                                                         author will show the email address if they
Think of the snow alerts, away sports events and                     not.
school trips.
                                                                     There are other preferences on this page
Once you’ve updated via email, you may want to visit
                                 .
your website to check and edit. To edit the news item,                                                 they
                                                                       are other can play with, this page are
                                                                 There which youpreferences onmainly th which you
                                                                               r
click the greyed out edit link underneath the news item                 formatting mainly to allow or disallow
                                                                     can play with,or waysthey are formatting or ways to
(next to the comment [0] trackback [0] links). If you’re                 emails. All are explained in is help text.
                                                                     allow or disallow emails. Therethea longer
on a school trip to the Lake District, there may not be
regular work-station access. Your website visitors will
               station                                                  Have fun! But don’t mess with the server
                                                                     discussion of the prefs at the end of this section. All
still be reading your mobile phone posts or
mobloggings. Remote journalism.                                      areand password stuff, please.just hit the link of the
                                                                         explained in the help text,

What’s also nice and simple is that you’ve many more                 question, or preference that needs to be set and a
blue edit links, one under each thumbna . Now, you
                                thumbnail                            pop up box will appear with the help text.
can alter the size of each thumb and its caption in a
snap. Three clicks. Super simple.                                Have fun! But don’t mess with the server and

When you edit a thumbnail, you can increase,                         password stuff, please.
decrease it’s thumbed size as well as rotate, flip and
mirror and create more shortcuts for the same image.
As usual, only authorised editors can see these links.

Tips
After editing news items, before you hit the post changes button, always copy the body text to your clipboard. If
you lose your connection, or post HTML, you can quickly recover your text. You should make this a habit
                                                                                                  on
whether you’re posting a message, news item, or anything. Things can go wrong. Have a back up o your
clipboard :-)



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Warning
If it doesn’t work? You’ll probably get a return email telling you why something didn’t work out as you’d
expect.
Most likely you’re sending HTML email. The system only accepts plain text emails.
If you can make text in your email bold, or change colours, then you are definitely making HTML email. To
change to plain old text in Outlook, go to the menu
                         Tools
                         Options
                         Send
                         Mail sending format
                         Plain text
                                       italic
You’ll now not be able to create bold, italic and other textual enhancements. But you will be able to post
directly to your home page easily.
If it still doesn’t work, send again and cc it to me at steve@educatr.com and I’ll look into it and get back to
you.
                                    from
Another common problem is that your from address isn’t in the list of allowed email addresses. Check the
Editors only: Prefs         to-Weblog
                      Mail-to             allowed email addresses.

Size is important!
You are only allowed 1Mb emails. You should chose to send 9 smaller images, 800 pixels wide or 100k or just
                                                                       re-sizing
one 900k image. Don’t send images that are from super digicams without re sizing them first. No 2.5Mb files
or images 3000 pixels wide. They’ll not get there!
Still failing? Call us :-)


Just one thumb wraps nice




The email interface in depth
The following are screen gabs from the more up to date how to available on the website at:
http://www.walsallschools.org/email




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A powerful yet easy interface




At its simplest




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One example




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Adding switches




Width or Height




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Rows




More complex layouts




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No captions




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News items, stories or discussion group items




Departments




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Story and news item




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Front or pending




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Rename and resize




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iting with shortcut appends

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ng




Editing captions



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Video




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Documents




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Different document sizes




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Zipped folders




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Setting prefs




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Managing shortcuts
The managing editor for the site can also add and delete shortcuts from the shortcuts page. When you
                                                                             hortcuts
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manually add a shortcut, you can also enter any URL that you would like to use with the shortcut.



Using shortcuts
Shortcuts are an easy way to include links and pictures in your pages. Instead of having to find the URL, you
                                                 enclosing
can add a link or include a picture in a page by enclosing its shortcut name inside “double quotes”.
When you create a story, message a gem or add a thumbnail or picture, Manila is enabled by default to
automatically create shortcuts for them using the title.



Changing your password
                        o
Follow the steps below to change your password for your membership to your Manila site.
You can view the change password page for your site by adding /member/changePassword
e.g. http://www.walsallschools.org/member/changePassword to the URL of your Manila site:

Steps
            1. Enter your current password into the password field, and your new password into the new
               password and repeat fields.
                              epeat
            2. Click the change password button.
                                  assword



Autoblogging
The diagram to the right, tells of auto blogging, or express blogging, or clip blogging. From the page you want
to clip, click and drag to highlight the text you want to use, pull the menu item autoblog and a new create news




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                                           pre-filled for you. The title will take the clipped page's title, the URL
item window will open with the form fields pre
will be entered for you also, and the clipped text waiting for you to comment on or edit will be added to the
                        department,
description. Select the departmen click the create news item to preview then the post to home page button.

Notes
The autoblog link is available for you on your pending news items page. Merely drag it to your browser’s tool
bar for quick, express blogging.

Tips
                            ded
Autoblogging should be added to each computer in school! Then, when a teacher is using a particular
webpage in a lesson, say one of those fine pages in the BBC’s schools site, the teacher can easily, quickly
                                                                         nd
add a link to the school’s home page. In this way children can go home, and tell their parent that there is a
great webpage and the link is on the school’s website.
Remember to add more departments, maybe one for Class two’s homework, or Romans, or use the
departments that are provided for you, numeracy, literacy and so on.
In this way the school can create a fantastic resource of bookmarks, ready for the subsequent years.




A few or a hundred bookmarks
After doing this since 1999, I've learnt a few tricks to save myself time and effort. You'd want to add some links
to your Internet Explorer’s tool bar.
Certainly the new news item page, new thumbnail page and your
home page. For sure. Defiantly!
Just drag them there. Assuming you can. If you can’t… Read on.

Warning
It is often the case that your web browser, Microsoft Internet
Explorer isn't set up correctly for you to see Explorer’s favourites
bar. If it looks like the illustration above, with Links and an arrow
pointing to the right, you probably can’t see any links you manage
to add to the favourites bar.




Your browser may then look something like the example below. Here, I have the Home favourite for the home
page, New news item and New thumbnail. Now I can do 99% of my blogging with just those few favourites.

Steps
            1. Go to the tool bar and right click to unlock the toolbar.
                    re                            it,
            2. There shouldn't be a tick next to it as in the screen shot.
            3. Then go to the links part of the toolbar, to the left there are dotted lines, put your cursor there, it'll
                                                  cursor,
               change to a left and right mover cursor, and drag the whole menu to the left, under the address
               bar.
            4. Remember to lock the tool bar, once more.
            5. Drag the home page, new news item and the new thumbnail links from your webpage to this
               menu. These three are your most used bookmarks.


               ookmarks!
Add a hundred bookmarks!
For many, many further bookmarks, go to the page
http://mysite.sch.uk/bookmarks
                                          folder of hundreds of bookmarks!
And follow the instructions for getting a f
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Notes
See bookmarks later in this manual in the Chapter: Advanced Manila.
With all the links to all the various pages and sections in your default site, you can now quickly, easily and
therefore powerfully move directly to the pages you want, in one quick fumble in your favourites (bookmarks).
 ow
Now you can click straight to, for example, the new news item page.




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Chapter 2       Eds only                                                Prefs
Customising a site
From the Prefs menu on your Manila site, you can customise all aspects of your Manila site. If you don’t see
                                     site,
some preferences on your own Manila site, it’s because some preferences require it be enabled on the server
by the server admin.



Appearance




                                                                                                                       /bookmarks
The above shows how this page of the Prefs look in Firefox bookmarks, when you download and install the bookmarks (see /bookm
in the Chapter Important pages
This is where you make changes to the basic look of a Manila site, such as the Site Name, the Tag Line,
many of the colours (background, text and so on), whether or not a Calendar appears on the Home Page,
whether or not Bylines appear beneath Stories and whether there’s a Create New Topic link on the discussion
                                        group page.


                                                    Site name
                                                    everywhere
                                                    It’s the site name that you’ll
                                                    want to play with. It’s used in
                                                    the HTML in the title tag,
                                                    where your browsers main
                                                    heading is. Also as the text that act as a home page link which
                                                    appears on each page, near the top right on the home page and near
                                                    the top left on all other pages.
Editors only:           Prefs          Appearance   Site name
You can stick the macro {siteName} in any message. (Everything is a message!)
This is what will affect your Google rank for key words. You may want to add your town, or your school’s
                          u
nickname, whatever you think people will ask Google in order to find you.




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We bestow good page rank on you from the
get-go. At least PR 4. A score assigned by
Google to document profiles based on what is
                        all
assumed to be an over-all evaluation of
document content and the content of all
associated documents. The vast bulk do sites
have no PR. A PR of 10 is very high, 0 is low,
but good to achieve for a new site.

Warning
Tag line, Background Picture,
Margins, Colours have been
depreciated. Other types of site
use them, so they’re still there.
Several languages are available,
but some features haven’t been
entirely translated. Certainly the
dates work.



Editorial
Add editors &
Notification list
This is where you set up who the Managing, Content and Contributing Editors will be, when email
notifications are sent and to whom. Everything else, you probably don’t want to mess with.

Notes
There are more notification settings in the news item page below. Set the news item comment, trackback
                                                                                  tem,
                                               the
notifications there. But this is where you set t notification list of email addresses!
Contributing editors can write and edit stories and pictures and take part in the discussion group.
Content editors can write and edit stories and pictures and take part in the discussion group. Unlike
contributing editors, they can edit content written by other people.
                                                                                                   and
Managing editors can configure the site, edit the templates and navigation, write and edit stories a pictures,
and take part in the discussion group.
Enter the email address of each editor, separating addresses with a comma, as in
bull@mancuso.com,fred@ginger.com, etc.

Tips
                                           the                               n't
Be sure to leave your own email address in th managing editor list, or you won't be able to access the
preferences for this site anymore.



           pdates
Home page updates notification
Do you want to send notices of home page updates to Weblogs.Com? Of course you do! In fact we send
notifications, or pings, as they are called, to many more places than just Weblogs.com. Technorati, Google
Blogs, Yahoo! And Feedster amongst a changing list of such services.

Note
These services do feed off each other, that is, pinging just one service, telling them that you’ve added a new
                            )
news item (its title and URL) will probably mean that you tell all of them. But we take no chances, as some are
                                               indeed
very competitive against each other and may indeed block competitors from harvesting their list of fresh news.

Tips
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You may ask how people know that you’ve just published a news item about them or their company. Indeed, it
                                                                               within
will frequently happen if you do mention a clued in company or individual that within an hour, or less, that they
will respond to your news item.
They use these services listed above to perform live searches and email them and alert. You too may want to
add your name or your school’s name to, for example, Google’s alerts
http://www.google.com/alerts


An intranet?
Unless you want to turn the site private, as one would with an intranet. Indeed this setting provides an
excellent intranet, only editors are allowed to see anything.


        based
Browser-based editor
                                                   browser-based
Manila by default enables support for a WYSIWYG browser based editing tool that is available to users using
Microsoft Internet Explorer 5 or greater on Windows. And Firefox. Firefox is really good! Still far better than
MSIE7.
                                                     includes
Or you can choose to use the HTML Tags editor, which includes a formatting toolbar or plain text area if you
are more comfortable writing your own HTML by hand.
If you want to keep it super simple for everybody, switch off the WYSIWYG and set the pref to None. Double
returns, for paragraphs, shortcuts still work, that’s all you need.

Steps
            1. Click the prefs link in the Editors only: menu at the top of the page.
            2. Click the editorial link.
                  Editors only:        Site Prefs   Editorial
            3. Scroll down to MSIE 5/Windows editing tool and choose which editing tool you want to use in the
               drop down box.
            4. Click the submit button at the bottom of the page.


Other esoteric settings
Auto shortcuts for stories. Did you know adding a shortcut like “Holiday Dates” will give you a link to that
page?
Caching. Sure you do! It makes the site faster. Don’t change this, I’ll get in a mood if you do.
Access for lists of stories, pictures, gems. Naturally, you’ll leave these as Everybody. Though you could
                              ictures
change this, if you feel the need.
Plain template for looking at these Prefs pages? I wouldn’t.
Custody. If you work collaboratively, that is perhaps on the same news items then this may interest you.
There’s also the link for the Admin section where you can force a check back in and see who’s left their
browser window open and gone off for a cup of tea.



Legal Tags
Manila lets you decide how much HTML your Members and Editors can use. In the legal tags Preferences you
                           they’ll
can disable HTML tags and they’ll be converted to ordinary text instead of changing the look of your pages.
Not much of interest there then.



Searching
Setting up information about the search engine server can make a Manila site searchable. This is already set
                          ever
up for you; there should never be a need to change these settings.
You’ll leave this page alone. Please.

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Syndication RSS
One powerful way to reach a larger audience is through syndication. In simple terms, Manila can automatically
create a simple outline of the news on your home page whenever it changes. It’s called RSS and one you dig
it, you’ll be a cool news junkie.
If you register your site with another site that supports syndication, your news will appear on their site. The
                                                    outline for your site. It’s all done, though you may want
syndication preference is where you set up the news ou
to change some of these descriptions of your site. Just to be tidy.


Creative Commons
There’s also a Creative Commons preference here. I figure you’ll want this off. Unless you know better and
open up your site… I don’t think it would be right to allow pictures of your school out to be used in any way.



Membership
This Preference is where you enable membership for the site, set up what kind of access members and
                                     discussion
visitors have if they can access the discussion group page, see the member list, if they can post to the
                                   them.
discussion group, if they can read them


Enable or disable membership
Yes means anybody can join your site as a member. Membership is required for email bulletins, the
discussion group, and similar features.

Members list
Do you want your members list to be public? Yes means anybody can view your members list. No means only
managing editors can view the members list.

Discussion group
Is the discussion group open to all members? Yes means the discussion group is open to everybody who's a
member of your site. No means the discussion group is limited to you and your managing and contributing
editors.
Can everybody read discussion group messages? Yes means that anybody can read the discussion group
without becoming a member or being an editor.


Cookies are auto logoff
If you don’t mind logging in and out, or if you’d rather that your machines logged themselves out at the end of
                                                    machines.
each session, perhaps if you always use shared machines. Personally, I always use the same one, but if you
have a class logging in, if you can’t teach them to also logoff then this may be the preference for you.
                                                                                 long-term, remembered by
Do you want cookies to expire at end of session by default? Cookies are normally long
each member's browser when they visit your site. However, you can increase security by having cookies
expire when a member quits their browser. When this option is turned on, the login page has a remember
                                                                              ogin
login checkbox which allows a member to use long-term cookies.

Email bulletins templates
You won’t want to bother with the how layout of your plain text and HTML email bulletins will look like nor
                                                                                ulletins
change where the membership pages, such as login and profiles, are found.


Urls
              ’t
You really don’t want to change these.




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Confirmation
The confirmation Preference is where you set up the email and welcome page that new members see when
they join.

Warning
There are sudo macros here, that you probably want to keep. They do, usually, what they say on the tin. But
they don’t work in your site’s messages just in this one place, unfortunately.
                               messages,
{memberName} changes to the member’s name
                                            the
{recipient} changes to the email address of th member
{loginUrl} changes to a link for the login
{changePassword} changes to a link for changing their password
{profilesLink} profiles link, which is the public representation of the questions they answer on their prefs page
                                                      .
{prefsLink} all the questions they are asked on signup. They can change any of these responses at any time.



Outlines
Radio is extremely powerful!!
You can allow Radio UserLand to edit messages, stories, and templates on your Manila site. You can also
               emplates
customise the templates for directories and slides that can be generated on your site using Radio.




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News items
In the ‘olden days,’ we just flipped the home page, and were only allowed, effectively one big news item. News
items were a new way of working on a Manila home page. Instead of working on individual days, you now
                                  news items. With this feature instead of saying how many days are displayed
create, edit, and post individual n
on a home page, you say how many News Items are. Just a bit of history. Of course you w   want this feature
enabled.

                                    ?
How many news items on the home page?
Initially, your new site will be set to 10 news items. Till you get the hang of it, then we’ll up this to 30. That’s
about the limit. Set it higher and the page will take ages to build and to load, and I’ll get unhappy.


More email notifications
I know they should go together, with the stories and message email notifications that are in the editorial page,
above.

This is where you set notifications for comments, trackback and news items.
                       otifications

Appearance
The Appearance section of the News Items prefs page asks how many items should appear on the home
page. Recent items appear at the top.
The news item template allows you to specify the formatting of news items. There are several special macros
and sudo macros you can use here. You don’t have to use all of them, of course, but the default template does
contain all of them.


{title} is the title of the news item.
{url} is the URL the news item links to.
{description} is the news item’s description.
{link} is a link to the news item, but just displays the title if the URL is empty.
{department} is the name of the department the news item belongs to.
{permaLink} Is a link to the archive version of this news item. It’s by tradition in blogging shown as a hash
mark (#) in the rendered version of the news item. This link is used in trackbacks. That is, if you want to
trackback to one of your own news items or a news item appearing on other sites, use this link.
{postTime} is the time the news item was posted to the home page.
{author} is a link to the profile of the original author.
{discussLink} is a link to the discussion group for this news item. (Each news item starts another discussion
group thread.)
                                form—if you’re a managing editor, you can edit news item even after they’ve
{editLink} links to the editing form                                                items
been posted to the home page. The edit link appears only if the person viewing the news item can edit it.
                                      associated with the department the news item belongs to. Clicking on a
{picture} displays the picture that’s associ
picture takes you to a page listing the most recent news items in that department.
{commentLink} generates a comment link to that particular news item
{trackbackLink} generates a trackback link to this particular news item.
{enclosureMacro (thisMsgNum)} this macro will result in a link to an enclosure in the RSS version of the
news item. If no enclosure is supplied, nothing is shown in the rendered version of the news item. Typically,
this is used in podcasting, that is, adding a MP3 sound file to the payload of the RSS file. When a MP3 file is
added a sound icon will be shown, along with the file name and its size in Kb.
{googleJuice (thisMsgNum)} this macro produces a link (sometimes several links) to the ‘Google juice’
version of the news item. That is, a page with just this news item appearing on it. Google picks up and indexes
these pages better than an monthly archive page with several news items. These pages are also have a more
user friendly URL, containing the date of publication and the title of the news item. These individual pages are
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optimised for Google.

Note
                         ,                                                        has
A macro has parameters, for example, {includeMessage (1)} While a sudo macro h no parameters {title}. It
is merely a matter of human readability that macros have capital letters in them.
You can find a full description and instructions on using most of these macros and sudo macros at
http://macros.userLand.com

Tip
You may want to change
Comment [0] Trackback [0]

To
Tell us something [0]
Leaving the trackback link out of the rendered version of the news item.


Editorial Access
Here is where you specify who can do what.
By default, all editors—managing editor and contributing editors—can create news item . You could limit it
                                   editors                                              items
to just managing editors, or you could allow all members of your site to create news item . The second
                                                                                     items
question specifies who can approve a news item for posting to the home page. Creating a news item doesn’t
mean it gets posted to the home page—only certain people can approve a news item for posting.
By default, it’s only managing editor , but you can extend this to all editors, or even allow all members of your
                                editors
site to approve items for posting to the home page.


Email Notification
Stories and pictures are simpler than news items: you create them and edit them.
                                                                                       the
But with news items you have four events: creating, editing, releasing, and posting to t home page.
                                                                                 the
You can turn on and off email notification for each event. The notification list—the list of people who get
                   is
email notification—is configured on the editorial prefs page.


Departments
Every news item is part of a department. When you create a news item, you choose the department. You can
go back and change it later, of course.
To create a new department, type in the field next to the add a department prompt. Click the submit button at
the bottom of the page.
Then you may need to associate a picture with that department. Most of the time you’ll want something small,
     sized.
icon-sized. If you don’t have a suitable picture already uploaded, go ahead and upload a new picture via the
Pictures page. Editors only: Pictures
                                                                               pop-up menu next to the
Then, to associate a picture with a department, choose a department from the pop
                                                             pop-up
Associate a Picture prompt. In the space to the right of the pop up menu, type the shortcut name of a picture.
Do not include the quotes around the name, j just type the name. Then click the Submit button.


RSS
                               of         are,
If you’re using news items—of course you are, and you syndicate your site, you’ll find that the generated RSS
matches the news items structure. news items and RSS are structured the same way: for each news item
there’s a title, link, and description.



Plug-ins
                                                                                    plug-in
The Plug-ins Preference is where you control custom features on your Manila site. A plug is a separate

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                                                                                       plug-ins, learn more
program that works with Manila to give it new capabilities. You can enable and disable plug
about them and configure them from this page.



Themes swap them for fun
You can use themes to easily change the appearance of your entire site. Below is an announcement on my
blog about the Winter and Spring
themes.
In the olden days, we had lots of
themes. But they were table based
instead of stylesheet based.
Stylesheet or CSS (cascading style
sheets) are better, because they're
more powerful, and they render in
the browser faster.
The theme page is available from
Editors only: Prefs     Themes

I'm adding some default themes to
each school's Customised design.
This Christmas one I'm 'wearing'
here is an example. There's a
Winter one too. And, I'll do an
Easter, St Davids Day... (I'm looking for a good list of high days and holidays.)

I said CSS is more powerful, in this theme we have 14 different designs, which the reader can pick from. Each
                                    which deign they picked.
time they revisit, we will remember w

                                     buy-in                                                                       buy-in
It's fun, but it also clocks up more buy in from the reader, it's more 'theirs' if it's a little customised. More buy
means more visits.

                                                       back-up
And it's a fun for the editors. To be able to swap and back up themes at a drop of a hat, like changing your
socks, just shows off the power of a good content management system.



Discussion Group
      reference
This preference is where you can customise the appearance and some settings on how the discussion group
on your Manila site works. Not interesting.



   cussion
Discussion Group Themes
Like the themes feature for your Manila site, you can change the appearance of your discussion group using a
discussion group theme. I don’t have many. Probably you won’t want to explore this avenue.



Radio Hosting AKA Comments
      s
Here is where you may alter some stuff that controls how your comments are presented, in terms of the pop
up box and the greyed out text below the news items on your home page.

There’s probably nothing here you want to play with.



Trackback
Just more templates. Nothing here to play with.

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Advanced
Last but certainly not least, the advanced preference is where the power user tools are found. From here you
                                   dvanced
control the following:


Navigation links
                                                                             o
You can edit the raw XML here or use the link under the navigation section, to edit in a friendlier web form,
see the section editing navigation links in the Chapter: Important Pages.
                         avigation

Template
                                                      from,
The master web page template that all pages are built from or rather, through.


Home Page Template
 ou
You can use a second template that is only used for your home page.


      Friendly
Print-Friendly Template
 ou
You can customise the appearance of print-friendly pages.


Cascading Style Sheet
                           pages.
CSS code added to all your pages


JavaScript
                                  pages.
JavaScript code added to all your pages


Site Structure
 eadable
Readable URLs, automated TOCs and Next/Prev links
The site structure area is where you can create a kind of map between virtual folders or files and actual
                                                    Manila’s     in
messages. This feature can be used to complement Manila built-in system for assigning URLs to stories,
messages and pictures. Standard Manila URLs look like these:
http://www.walsallschools.org/discuss/msgReader$123
http://www.walsallschools.org/stories/storyReader$123
http://www.walsallschools.org/pictures/viewer$123
http://www.walsallschools.org/pictur


These URLs, combined with shortcuts and navigation, are often all that’s needed on a site. In cases where
                           hortcuts
more meaningful or memorable URLs are needed, the site structure feature is the answer.

A Simple Example
                           imple
The example below shows a simple site structure.
<hierarchy>
<story pathname=”faq” msgNum=”3”/>
<story pathname=”feedback” msgNum=”2”/>
</hierarchy>
This effectively tells Manila to act as follows:
If a browser asks for “/faq”, show message number 3
If a browser asks for “/feedback”, show message number 2
If our example site were located at http://www.walsallschools.org/, the site structure above would enable the
                                                                              tructure
following URLs:
                              faq
http://www.walsallschools.org/faq (display message number 3 as a Story)
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                              feedback
http://www.walsallschools.org/feedback (display message number 2 as a Story)

Site Structure XML
                                                                                element,
The site structure is created with a simple XML document. There’s one XML element, <hierarchy>, which
contains all of the structure information. It begins with a <hierarchy> tag and ends with a </hierarchy> tag. If
more than one <hierarchy> element appears all but the first one are ignored. Inside the <hierarchy> element,
          ave
you can have the following elements:
<story>
<category>
<description>
A <story> element maps a file name to a particular message, while a <category> element maps a directory
name to a set of messages. You can have as many <story> and <category> elements as you need, and
<category> elements can be nested (appear inside on another). If a <description> element appears inside a
<story> element, Manila will use it when building automatic story indexes. A <story> element can work with
only one tag by using a closing “/” before last angle bracket (e.g., <story/>). If there’s a <description> element
inside the <story>, then a closing </story> tag is required instead. All <category> elements need a closing
</category> tag, and <description> elements must be closed in the same way. A <story> describes a virtual
file using the following format:
<story name=”Two words” pathname=”def” msgnum=”xyz”/>
name Optional text describing the Story (with or without spaces)
                                           spaces,
pathname The virtual name of the Story (no spaces, with or without an extension such as “.html”)
msgnum The number of the Message to display (Story or Picture)
A <category> describes a virtual folder using the following format:
<category name=”abc” pathname=”def” msgnum=”xyz”> ... </category>
name Optional text describing the Category (with or without spaces)
pathname The virtual name of the Category (no spaces)
msgnum The optional number of the Message (Story or Picture) to display as a default page for the folder
                             ory
A <description> adds explanatory text (displayed in automated story indexes built by Manila) in this format:
          e=”abc”
<story name=”abc” pathname=”def” msgnum=”xyz”>
<description> This is a great story! </description>
</story>

Reserved Names
                                               so
Manila reserves certain names for its own use, so it’s best to avoid using any of the following for a top level
category or story:
            2005
            2006
            2007
            2008
            (and any other past calendar year the site was in use)
            admin
            aggregator
            bulletins
            comments
            default
            directory
            discuss
            downloadDiscussTheme
            downloadMySite
            downloadTheme
            editHomePage
            gems
            mail
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            member
            newsItems
            picture
            pictures
            prefs
            profiles
            random
            search
            slides
            stats
            stories
            wap
            xml

Warning
When there’s a syntax error in your XML, Manila returns the form with the error shown above it. No changes
are made to the site structure when this happens. The most common errors include unnecessary or missing
                                                                                     <hierarchy> element.
</story> and <story/> tags, leaving out the closing </category> tag and omitting the <

Custom Prefs
Select the member registration information


News Day Template
The look of the home page when more than one home page story is shown


Navigation appearance
                                                                        t
The appearance of the navigation links. It’s highly likely that you won’t want to change anything here, unless
you’re creating your own theme.
If you scroll further down the advanced prefs page, you will find the navigation appearance section that gives
                                dvanced                                           ppearance
you control over how the links created by the navigation feature are formatted.
There are two fields where you can set:
Item format HTML and the {item} macro to format each link
Separator format HTML to appear between each link

Warning
Shortcuts and pictures won’t work in either of these fields.

Example
Item format <font face=”Geneva, Arial”><strong>{item}</strong></font>
Separator format <hr width=”3”>
Which would change the font and insert a horizontal rule between the navigation links. It’s possible to have
the links presented horizontally if you use a separator that doesn’t create a new line or paragraph.

Notes
In your templates the navigation l                                          acro
                                   links appear where the {navigatorLinks} macro is called. The navigation
links editor supports links specified by shortcut name or message number. To specify a link by shortcut
name, type the shortcut into the URL field. To specify a link by message number, type the message number
into the URL field.

Calendar Appearance
The design of the calendar




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Join Now Members Box
The design of the members box before login


Sign Out Members Box
The design of the members box after login


Themes
 ou
You can choose to share the design of your site as a theme that other Manila users can download.




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Editorial roles
Members of a Manila site can be assigned an editorial role if you want to grant them access to write stories or
modify the appearance of your site. The site owner is automatically added as a managing editor of the site
                                                       site.
and you can have as many editors as you like for each si
Anybody can join up to be a member, but if you want to manually join people up, and perhaps send them a
welcoming email, then use the forms on the Admin page:
Editors only         Admin         Members
                                                           chapter.
See the section on Managing members in the Important pages chapte


          ditor
Managing editor
Managing editors are members with the same privileges as the original site owner with the complete Editor’s
only: links, including the prefs, admin and bulletins links.
                                   dmin

              ditor
Contributing editor
When contributing editors log in, they see a limited version of the Editor’s only: links, without the prefs,
admin and bulletins links. Other than those areas, and not being able to edit other people’s messages and
stories, they have the same access as a managing editor.

Content editor
                             way
The content editor is mid-way between the managing and contributing editor roles. The content editor can
edit all the stories, pictures, and messages on a site like a managing editor but can’t edit templates and set the
various site prefs. Unlike contributing editors, they can edit content written by other people.



Syndicating
Manila can syndicate your homepage by creating an RSS feed that users can subscribe to using a news
aggregator like Radio UserLand.

Steps
         1. Log in as a managing editor
                                     editor.
         2. Click on prefs in the Editors only: menu bar.
         3. Click on syndication to call up the syndication prefs page.
         4. Scroll to the enable or disable syndication area.
         5. Select yes after “Do you want to syndicate your home page?”
         6. You can then go through and fill in the settings for your RSS feed.
         7. Enter a title for your channel.
         8. Enter a description for your channel.
Enter the managing editor’s email address and name (such as you@yourSite.com (The Editor)) as a contact
for your channel.
            9. Select an optional graphic to accompany your channel (it must be a p
                                     raphic                                         picture from your site).
            10. Enter a graphic caption to display with the graphic.
                                   aption
                                                                                anges
            11. Scroll to the bottom of the page and click submit to send the changes to the server.


Linking to your RSS feed
                                           adding
You can view the RSS feed for your site by addi /xml/rss.xml to the URL of your Manila site:
e.g. http://www.walsallschools.org/xml/rss.xml
Or you can use the rssLink macro in your template to create a link to your RSS feed using an orange XML
button. You can also use the xmlCoffeeMug macro that allows Radio UserLand users to easily subscribe to
your site’s RSS feed.




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                   Simply type, including the curly braces, {rssLink ()} or {xmlCoffeeMug ()} into
                   any message, story or template and it will automatically translate into the correct
                   icons, with the correct links




RSS Box
                                            You can effectively take the news from someone else’s
                                            home page and add it to your own by using the
                                            viewRssBox macro. This macro is particularly handy for
                                            templates, or includeMessages in templates.
                                                                                                  can,
                                            The full macro is below, with the default values. You can
                                            of course, use the simpler version in which you only need
                                            to state the URL of the RSS feed you want to see on your
                                            page.
                                            e.g. {viewRssBox
                                            (“http://www.walsallschools.org/mySite/xml/rss.xml”)}
                                            (“http://www.walsallschools.org/mySite/xml/rss.xml
                                            {viewRssBox (url, boxTitle:nil, align:"", width:125,
                                                       r:"#000000",
                                            frameColor:"#000000", titleBarTextColor:"#000000",
                                            titleBarColor:"#ADD8E6", boxFillColor:"#FFFFFF",
                                            timeZone:"GMT", hspace:0, vspace:0, maxItems:infinity)}




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Chapter 3         mportant
                 Important pages
Editors only:                                  News items
News items are a new way of working on a Manila home page. Instead of working on individual days, you
create, edit, and post individual news item . If you enable this feature, instead of saying how many days are
                                       items
displayed on a home page, you say how many news items are.
The news items feature promotes collaboration—you can choose who can create news i    items and who can
approve them for posting on the home page. For instance, you could run a very open site where members of
the site can create news items and post them to the home page. Further, news item promote syndication, as
                                                                             items
they are a perfect fit with RSS format.


Workflow
A news item goes through a few stages before it gets posted to the home page. There are four main tasks
involved when using news items on your site: creating, releasing, posting and editing.
First a news item is created: you type in a title and (possibly a) URL to link to, choose a department, and write
a description.
Once created, you see a preview of what the news item would look like on the home page. It can then be
              ore,
edited some more, and previewed again.
If you have the power to post the news item to the home page, you get a Post to Home Page button. If you
click it, the news item will appear at the top of the home page.
If you don’t have the power to post to the home page, instead you get a Release button. Clicking this button
                                —you’re
means you’re releasing custody—you’re finished editing it, now you want someone else to post it to the home
page. Then an editor can review and edit your news item and approve it or not.
Manila gives the managing editor control over who can create news items (members, all editors or managing
                                                                              embers
editors) and post them (same choices). The other two activities, releasing and editing, are determined by role
and how far along the news item has gone in the workflow.

Tips
With two windows, you can write the text of your news item, upload a thumbnail, get it's shortcut, paste it into
your news item, write some more, up another thumb... It’s a
faster way of working.
Two windows allow you to get to the tasks you need quickly.

Steps
            1.    Open up a new news item page. There are three
                  ways:
            2.    Editors only         News   Create New News Item
            3.    Members panel (grey panel, usually on the left on
                  any page) new news item
            4.    Use a bookmark (favourite)
            5.    Then right click the Editors only   Thumbnails link.
                  And open that in a new window.
Thus, two windows. One for the news item, one for the thumbnails.

Notes
                                                                                chnorati,
When you post a news item to the home page, we ping several places. Such as Technorati, Weblogs.com,
Google blogs and several other services. In this way you news item is immediately promoted and may indeed,
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receive instant comments from readers who subscribe to the services with search criteria. That is, people tell
Technorati, for instance, that if someone posts a blog item with their name in it or their brand, then an email
alert is immediately sent to them.

Pending news items
Editors only     News takes you to the pending news items. If you send email to weblog items, and have your
preferences set not to post to the home page, this is where they’ll sit awaiting your approval. Similarly, if you
create a news item but don’t post to the home page, or if children (members) create a news item and if they
                                 lease
are still working on it and/or release it, this is where it will hang, waiting.

You are able to see what is released and what is not. You can also unrelease a news item here. If, for
example, a member creates, edits, previews then releases a news item, they cannot now edit it. But if they
want to, an editor will need to unrelease it for the member to again work on the news item.


Departments
You can get to your department list here and from there you are able to edit, add or delete your departments.


Autoblogging link
There is also a link for MSIE and Firefox autoblogging and some text trying to explain how to get the link into
your toolbar.

Notes
There’s much more written about autoblogging in the Chapter: Advanced Stuff



Editors only:                              Admin
Managing members
From the admin page of your Manila site you can add and block members from your site. Though it’s perhaps
better to use the /stats/members list to block or delete members. Click the admin link in the Editors only:
menu to open the admin page.


Add a new member
Steps
            1. To add a single member, enter the name, email address and password for the member.
            2. Then choose their member privileges (editor roles) and if they should receive an email
               notification.
            3. Click the Add Member button.

Add multiple members
You can signup multiple new members to your site by entering a list of email addresses into the text area,
choosing their member privileges and then clicking the add members button.
                                                                        commas.
Email addresses can be separated with spaces, carriage returns, tabs or commas.
Each member will automatically be assigned a random password that they will receive in a welcome message
sent to each email address that is signed up.

Steps
            1. Add a list of comma separated email addresses.
            2. Each email address is added as a member or editor.

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            3. A welcome email is sent to each.


Blocking a member
Blocking a member denies them access to any part of your site. When they try to view any page, they see a
message telling them they have been blocked. They will have access to any areas of your site available to the
public if they log out.
Enter the email address of the member you want to block and then click the block member button.
                                ember                                        ock
To unblock a member, enter their email address and click the unblock member button.
                                                                                  member button.
To delete a member from your site, enter their email address and click the delete m


                      checked out items
Forcing a check in of c
Manila keeps track of the stories, messages and pictures being edited so one person can only edit each item
at a time.

As soon as someone clicks edit t this page, Manila marks that item as being "checked out", meaning someone
is working on it. Manila keeps a list of checked out items that includes the message number, the name of the
                                                                              essage
                                                                                    see
person editing each one and the time they started editing. A managing editor can s this list in the custody
area of the admin page, which looks like this:
If someone tries to edit an item on the checked out list, they see a message explaining that it's already being
                                                                   Manila
edited. As soon as the person working on it posts their changes, Manila removes the item from the checked
out list and it's available to whoever wants it.
Manila also tracks the time spent editing an item and will automatically check it back in again after a certain
time. This is in case someone starts to edit and changes their mind, or perhaps goes home for the day after
starting to edit!
A managing editor can change the editing time limit using the editorial preferences; by default it's 240
                                                                         references
                                                                                he
minutes (4 hours). A managing editor can also force items to be checked in via the custody area of the admin
page.
You can see which messages and advanced items (templates and such) are checked out, and you can force a
check-in of any message or advanced item.



Editors only:                                 Bulletins
Bulletins provide an easy method for a managing editor to send email to members. When people sign up as
                                                                          embers
members of a Manila site, they choose whether to receive bulletins and whether they want the plain text or
HTML version. Manila has a simple Web interface to create, preview and send a bulletin, and a way to check
the recipients.

Steps
            1.    Click the bulletins link in the Editors only: menu at the top of the page.
            2.    Enter the subject and text information.
            3.    Click the preview button to see what the plain text and HTML Bulletins will look like.
            4.    Click the edit button to change the Bulletin content, or click the send button to send it.



Editors only:                                 Referers
Shows referers to your site for the last 24 hours. A referer is the URL of a page that links to a page on your
site. When someone follows a link to visit your site, that person’s browser sends the URL of the page they
were on to your site.
This can be useful in finding out what search strings people have entered in a search engine, mostly Google,
to reach your site.

Warning
                avoury
(Due to some unsavoury referral spam, we've hidden the referers page in the Editors only menu, thus it is
                                                                                    only:
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only available to managing editor
                           editors.)



Editors only:                               Shortcuts
Shortcuts are a great way of hiding lots of HTML behind a simple phrase. For example, the thumbnails, the
embedded code for the Flash videos and Word documents are hidden in a shortcut. If you didn’t have
shortcuts you’d be pasting huge chunks of code!

                                                                                                    quickly, all those
This page lists all the shortcuts that are available for a site. This list gets out of control very qu
thumbnails and news items add up all too quickly to this index not being much use.

However, you can create your own shortcuts here. Which is useful. It’s great if you find yourself having to re
use links, again and again. For example you may want to create a page (story) or news item which has the
terms dates on it, and use the shortcut “term dates 2008” Anywhere you use that shshortcut, pink buttons or
news items would change to a link to the page.

Steps
            1. Add a name. The text that you want to use for your shortcut.
            2. Add the URL. The link to the page you want the shortcut to link to.
            3. Use the generated shortcut in your news items or other messages.



/search
Your Manila site will
automatically be set-
up with a search
page.
You access your
search page for your
site by adding a
search query to the
box on the home
page or by adding /search to the URL of your Manila site:
e.g. http://www.walsallschools.org/search

Notes
You can search across just your school or all the schools that
have sites here. And search just in news items, just thumbs (see
below) and messages and comments
                          comments.

Tip
Great for finding thumbnails, that is, if you've given them a
descriptive file name or subject line or filled in the description
field. Now's a good time to start doing thisthis--giving your thumbs
a better name than M1234567.jpg ;      ;-)))) You should give them
very long descriptive titles, which then become part of the
shortcuts. Thus, when people mouse over the thumb, they get
                                                                picture,
a title attribute (in a light yellow box, with the title of the pi
and a message to click for full sized in new window).

Think of the day when you've a few thousand thumbs! Without
long descriptive titles it's going to be hard to find the one you
want to reuse.

                                                                           Only the bottom result here had anything in the
                                                                           description box


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/stats
Manila logs stats for each site: hourly hits, hourly home hits, members, most read messages and referers.
                                  ourly                                        ead

Steps
            1. You can view a list of all the stats page for your site by adding /stats to the URL of your Manila
               site:
    e.g. http://www.walsallschools.org/stats


Hourly Hits
Shows the hits per hour for the last 24 hours.


Hourly Home Hits
Shows the hits per hour for the last 24 hours to just the home page. Obviously, this will be lower than the,
above, hourly hits.


Most Read Messages
Shows the top fifty most read messages on your site.

Notes
You can see how many hits an individual message has received by viewing the discussion group or the
                                                                                       group,
discussion group version of a message news item, story.
                              message,

Members
A list of all members of the site. You can make the members list private, viewable only by managing editors,
on the Membership prefs page.
The managing editors version of this page has extra information and controls.
                                                         en
Managing editors can see passwords, handy for when children forget their passwords. They can have their
passwords sent to their email address, but if it is a false email address, as when you sign up a whole class,
each with a false email address, or in those times when you want to password quicker than it would arrive at
Hotmail for example.



/profiles and /prefs
These are connected. One shows your public profile, the other, prefs is where you alter your public profile
and add a few private preferences too. Like how you want your bulletins to arrive as HTML formatted email or
as plain text emails, if indeed you want to be on the bulletins list.

                                                                                                        reads
It’s important that editors keep this page updated with their own position and information. Someone who read
                 ,                        is
the home page, may want to know who i actually posting a news item.




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                                       The managing editor’s view of a profile page has some extra features.
                                       Sure they can se the private information too, such as telephone number,
                                       bulletin preferences and an email address in plain text.
                                       In the grey boxes you can see how many hits they’ve received, last time
                                       they logged in and the latest (highest) message they looked at.
                                       But also in these grey boxes is a great feature for tracking members. From
                                       here you are able to see which IP addresses they used. And can surf along
                                       to other members using the same IP addresses.
                                       We did this because some children were joining up several times at home
                                                                                              see
                                       using different nick names. With this feature you scan se what other
                                       members are using the same IP address, thus you are able to see all the
                                       nick names used at a particular IP address.




/bookmarks




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                                       A great way of finding out how big your site is, even at day one, is to
                                                                      bookmarks
                                       import a pre configured set of bookmarks or favourites. Download
                                       them from here:

                                       http://mysite.sch.uk/bookmarks
                                                                              I'm sure some of you know the drill.
                                                                              Go you your /bookmarks page,
                                                                              follow the instructions. Firefox
                                                                              editorial menu You'll be able to
                                                                                        da
                                                                              auto-do-da loads of new and
                                                                              wondrous things.


                                                                              I'm sure some of you know the drill.
                                                                              Go you your /bookmarks page,
                                                                              follow the instructions. Firefox
                                                                              editorial menu You'll be able to
                                                                                        da
                                                                              auto-do-da loads of new and
                                                                              wondrous things.




                                                           media?
See something that you want to comment on in the world's media? Highlight the text, and autoblog. All the
                                     pre-populated with the title of the page, its link and the highlighted text,
fields in the new news item page are pre
quoted, ready for your wise words.
Want to get straight to editing a thumbnail? Hit the auto edit thumbnail and add it's thumbNumber (it's its
message number, and the number in the front of the shortcut.)




                                           A great way of finding out how big your default, out of the box site is,
                                                 from
                                           right fro day one.

                                           Import a pre configured set of bookmarks or favourites. Download
                                           them from here:

                                           http://mysite.lea.sch.uk/bookmarks




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/restoreTemplate
                                                                unusable—certain
It’s possible to edit a template in such a way that the site is unusable certain types of typos will make the
                           renderable
HTML in the template un-renderable by a browser.
Since you use the site to edit the site, when there’s a problem with the template, you can’t fix the problem.
The template restoration page does not use your template, so it’s always viewable. It’s at a URL like this:
http://www.walsallschools.org/admin/restoreTemplate



         MySite
/downloadMySit
If you have worries that we may go bust, that our server will disappear, then you’re free to download your site,
from time to time.

You could buy your own copy of Manila and install this file and run the site yourself.

Or, find someone else who hosts Manila sites.
http://www.walsallschools.org/downloadMySite



Editing navigation links
The navigation links lets you create a set of site wide links to keep visitors oriented and make it easier for
them to move around.

Steps
            1.    When you’re logged on to your site, and if you are a content editor or managing
                  editor of the site, you will see an edit button beneath your navigation links.
                                                                                avigation
            2.    Click on the edit button, and a page is displayed showing the names and URLs of
                  the links, where you can edit them; or delete them, or move a link up or down.
            3.    To change the text or URLs of one or more links, make the changes, and then
                  click on the update button.
            4.    To delete one or more links, click in the checkbox to the right of the item, and then
                  click on update.
            5.    To move a link up, click on the upper arrow to the left of the item, to move it down
                  click on the down arrow.




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Chapter 4       Addendum
                Addendu




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Writing for different
audiences
          ion
This section is screenshot from the web page given below. You should go there for further explanations,
definitions, ideas and help text that are hidden under the links.
                        g/lessonplans/differentAudiences
http://walsallschools.org/lessonplans/differentAudiences




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Joining children as members
This section is taken from the webpage below:
http://www.walsallschools.org/lessonPlans/parts/howtos/joinChildren




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Instructional uses of weblogs
Informational Resources These personal spaces are becoming more and more popular as well as extremely
                               savvy
helpful as more and more tech-savvy educational and technological experts are creating their own unique
weblogs. You no longer have to wait for monthly or quarterly magazines to stay abreast of the most current
trends in education, technology and business. These passionate webloggers and b  blogvangelists update
daily. Our aggregator aggregates a growing list of educational news feeds, from bloggers and newspapers.
Course, Classroom, or School Management Systems Weblogs can contain course content such as syllabi,
                             s
assignments, links to articles for reading and updates. Teachers in the elementary setting are using them to
share: daily outcomes, upcoming units, activities or links for parents to use at home, homework, spelling
                                                                   facilitated
words, handouts, permission forms, reminders, and more easily facilitated communication between home and
school. They can also enable teachers to post and update materials with more ease, efficiency, and flexibility.
School Administrators are using them to better communicate with parents, community, faculty members, and
other administrators.
Student, Class, Teacher or Art Portfolio's Many weblog tools automatically archive older materials as new
content is posted. This is a useful feature, as it allows a student to sift through a term's worth of materials (or
               w
more) and draw connections between materials posted at different times during the development process. An
application of this could be student learning journals with a multimedia twist.
                                                                                  groups
Collaborations or Collections Blogs are also being used to connect people and grou over geographical
                                                                              student-student, class-class,
space and time. Some examples of possible collaboration configurations are: student
                      teacher, teacher-mentor, or teacher-teacher. Collaboration can also take place within a
class-expert, student-teacher, teacher
school, within a grade level or across grade levels. Weblogs are also being used to showcase and collect
exemplary samples of student writing, creativity, and ideas.
                                                 one-shot
Electronic Filing Cabinets Instead of sending one shot emails with links to great articles and resources t that
will eventually get erased by accident or alleged accident. Create an informational page storing the links to
the articles and resources so faculty members can browse, discuss and possibly post additional information,
                         multimedia
or resources. With our multimedia friendly weblogs you could even upload and store; documents,
                                                                 date
PowerPoints, audio / video, and much more. You have an up-to-date educational resource site for your school
or county.
Professional Learning Community Blogs A way to bring professionals together outside of the school day.
Educators can log on from school or home to read, discuss and learn more about topics of interest. Such a
model could be used to facilitate a study group from a school or group of schools. Resources could be
shared, readings discussed, questions asked and suggestions given all on the web. This would ease
                                high-quality
administrators job of ensuring high quality professional development because an electronic record would be
available of the professional discussion and activity that has taken place during the study group or
professional learning community.
Enhanced Reading Experience (with multimedia / hypertext) The ease of inserting hypertext into weblog
                                         uploading
posts along with the multimedia friendly uploading of files, documents, and audio/video make weblogs a great
way to motivate or extend the typical informational paragraph. It allows teachers to more easily build
                                                                                          pictures, diagrams,
background and create concrete understandings of the content through the assistance of pict
                         lines,
slide-shows, maps, time-lines, audio/video.
Enhancing Literacy/Language Discussions Teachers are using weblogs to conduct on           on-line literature
                                                                                                discussions.
circles, article discussions, art reviews and feedback, and to extend or continue classroom discu
These discussions can happen across various content examples (Alan November suggests in science they
can be used to reflect on labs, social studies for current events, English for prewriting, or to discuss central
themes of novels.) They are even being used by math teachers to spark interest, extend student thinking, or
have them reflect on math concepts or realreal-world math applications.




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Bloom's taxonomy & blogs
A hypothetical test
                                                         demonstrate
“Given an example collaborative project, students should demonstrate the results and process of their work
                                                                             self-reflection,
within the environment of a project weblog, demonstrating peer assessment, self reflection, and categorisation
                                                                                              successfully
of their work. In addition, students should demonstrate mastery of the weblog environment by successful
developing interlinked posts.”

               Student, skill demonstrated:                 Competence:     Weblog, skill demonstrated:


               Recall basic facts
                                                                            Recall basic facts
               Quote parts of student posts
                                                            Knowledge       Quote parts of student posts
               Produce lists of facts
                                                                            Produce lists of facts
               Create weblog entries


               Summarise group discussions
                                                                            Summarise group discussions
               Associate related weblog posts from          Comprehension
                                                                            Associate related weblog posts
               searches


               Determine new relationships between
               peer entries
                                                                            Determine new relationships between peer
                                                            Application
               Create new categories within weblog                          entries
               Constructively critique a classmate’s work


               Analyse own work and comment
                                                                            Identify commonality between different
               Identify commonality between different       Analysis
                                                                            classmate’s work
               classmate’s work


               Form new opinions by using classmate’s
               work as basis                                                               r
                                                                            Research web for related work
               Research web for related work to own                         Find and display web based information
                                                            Synthesis
               Find and display web based information                       from a number of sources and present
               from a number of sources and present                         within context
               within context



               Critically assess own work and peer;
               Create structured arguments based on         Evaluation      None
               findings




Guy Dickinson drew up this chart relating to Bloom's Taxonomy in his (pdf)
Ultralab MA dissertation in Education: 6th January 2003
"Weblogs - Can they accelerate expertise?"
                             s/ma/do_weblogs_accelerate_expertise.pdf
http://www.participo.com/files/ma/do_weblogs_accelerate_expertise.pdf




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                                            13-14
                                 A class of 13 14 year olds in the US made a kayak and wrote about the process on a
                                 weblog. Here are some excerpts of how they saw blogging.
How 8th graders
view blogging                    http://www.ottergroup.com/blog/BlogsandEducation/_archives/2005/6/10


Fun with technology and self-expression
                             expression
Blogging was one of the most fun things I did this year. It opened up a whole new world of technology that I
had not yet experienced. This was great because I love new technology and it is very cool to know something
a lot of other people don’t know about.
Improving Writing and Communication Skills
Blogging was very fun for me because it was a way for me to express my feelings about a masterpiece of
mine. Also it was a joy to know people all over the world could read about something I spent hours building.
                                                                                                     piece
This was definitely a way to get people to really learn of my class’s accomplishment. This is one pie of work
that I will never forget. It helped me improve my writing skills, especially my ability to express myself on paper.
Before I struggled to freely express myself. I would take a long time to write something and then it wouldn’t
seem very personal.
Creating a record for the future and a window to the world outside the classroom
Not many people know about blogging yet and I am so happy our class got this opportunity. This is something
we will always remember because we will always be able to look back at the website. I know my family was
proud of our class and me. My grandmother kayaks, and she read my blog and was so thrilled that she shared
        out
a print-out of our blog site with her kayak club.
Creating shared experience
                             ten
My family checked our blog often and could read my entries and see photographs of my work. It was a great
way for my family and me to share my experiences.
Getting beyond, "what did you learn today?" "I don't know..."
                                                                for
Blogging was an interesting learning experience. It was a first for me ever. Heck, I barely knew how to surf the
web, let alone help run a weblog! My family really enjoyed reading everyone’s entries. In the past my family
would ask me what I’d done at school, and I’d just give them short, vague answers. By reading my bl blog, my
family was able to understand what I’d done that day and we could discuss it at the dinner table that night. It
was a fun thing to do in the end and now I am thinking about making a blog of my own.
                                               expression
Experimenting with styles of communication and exp
What comes to mind when I hear the word “blogging” isn’t just a word or two. I think of hundreds of different
things and a bunch of memories. I think of something I can always go back to and read to remind myself of
what I accomplished. What did I do? I built a boat, of course! For me, blogging is something that reflects hard
work and efforts that I will never forget. The blog wasn’t just a boring thing that I had to do, it was something
that showed a lot about me and what I thought about the whole process. It was surprisingly very interesting
and fun. I found a lot of joy doing this and telling people about my experiences. When we blogged, it wasn’t
                                                                                                    interesting
just about writing a paragraph or two. We had to write about something that we thought was interesti and
informative. We had so many options of what we could do. We had to write, but we didn’t have to just write
about what we actually did, we could also write about our feelings throughout the process. I could put my
                                  someone
personality into it and not have someone take it out and say “No, that’s not allowed.” I could be funny and then
became serious. The blogging was always immediately after we completed a new boatbuilding step, so there
was never something we forgot. The blog was a great way for me to express myself and to tell the world about
the amazing things that I did this year.
Sharing knowledge
We blogged on just about every step and when I go back and read it, I can vividly remember what the
expedition was like. I recall all of the hard work and time that we put into this expedition. I remember what it
was like to have finished and to realize that my partners and I actually built that beautiful boat. Overall, the
                                                                                          world.
blog was a great thing to do, to remember, and to help share our expedition with the world By blogging I have
learned how to better reflect by writing down what happened and I now feel more comfortable sharing,
knowing that a lot of people have read it.
Gaining confidence from seeing your ideas published
                                  connect
Blogging has really helped me to connect with my audience and especially myself. It helped me connect with
my audience by showing me how to really express myself when I’m talking about my personal feelings and
also how to give proper instructions. This opportunity felt and was amazing. Having perhaps hundreds or
thousands of people reading and actually caring about what we did and how much we accomplished is
overwhelming. Blogging also made me combine a lot of old and new writing skills. I learned and used a lot of
                            rammar         blogging.
punctuation, spelling, and grammar in my bloggin

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http://www.ottergroup.com/blog/BlogsandEducation/_archives/2005/6/1




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Out of the blogs of kids
I spent a little time this morning going through the blogs of my fourth and fifth graders from the last three
                                 at
years. Here are some posts that got me thinking.
Dane - If an outsider visited my weblog, I would hope that they would think of children as being capable of
more than they had first anticipated.
                                                                                        was
Brianna - I told tons of people about my weblog. Many of them said that they thought it w great that a ten
year old could have a weblog.
Shelby - This is a shout out to all the other elementary and middle and high schools. If you don't have the
program weblogging, then you might want to think about letting a few students have the power of cr     creating their
own blog. It will teach them responsibility, citizenship, and their voice will be heard all over the world. If you
want to make the right choice, choose blogs. I did and I am proud to say it!!!
Paulina - Some ideas for the group next year are to put the best posts into a memory book and share it with
every other generation - to show them what they will soon accomplish and to tell them they have a lot of
abilities to write.
Patrick - Try to be a funny teacher who will make students laugh so if they're mad it might help them forget
why they were so mad. Also try to learn as much as you can about your students. Try sitting with them at
lunch so you can learn more about them. Try sitting with at least every one of them over the weeks..
Maria - If people judged us they should judge us on more than one thing. Such as instead of bubbling in
circles, they should make us write essays about a topic. Writing is a good way to show what you know.
                                                                  lesson
Marcos - When we get an inappropriate comment we learn a lesson and that lesson is not to be like that
person. We also learn responsibility on the Internet. If you were in a race and someone called you a bad
                                                                                                            stop
name, would you stop? I think not. Martin Luther King Jr. was called bad names all the time and it didn't sto
him from fulfilling his dream. Things like this happen all the time, even out of school. So, please don't shut
down weblogs.
Juan - What have you learned so far this year? The first thing that I learned is that knowledge is all about
                    ke
taking power. Not like someone is so strong or evil but it's all about that no matter what you do there is
someone who is going to help you no matter what.
Estefany - You should be enthusiastic when you teach. Kids like exciting methods. If you wonder why they
sleep in class, it is because they are bored. We learn really fast with fun methods. Say like less talk, more
action.
Alejandra - Animals are very interesting to me. I like learning all about there habitat. Its so amazing to know
                                   compare
how other species live so we could compare them with humans. Its cool to figure out what is inside them for
example their organs and bones. I like to learn how their bones are different from ours and everything else
                                                                             situations.
about animals. Its cool to know what they eat and how they react to some situations.
Yoceline - I am from a school where I can always say "I can do it!"
Children have such interesting thoughts. When allowed to have some choice on topics, look at the broad
                                                                                 authentic
range of topics. I have a feeling that school reform could come about in a more authentic manner if we really
started listening to our students - asked them for ideas and solutions. Let them have some charge over their
learning. First, we have to get them in on the conversations. Then we need to listen, really listen. There's a lot
of understanding that could be coming "out of the blogs of our kids."
http://anne.teachesme.com/2005/08/15




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          year-old bloggers
The seven-year
Last Updated: Monday, 14 June, 2004, 10:54 GMT 11:54 UK
Children as young as seven in one British school are using weblogs as part of their normal routine, and are
                      webloggers
doing better than non-webloggers as a result, their teacher says.
                    use
Weblogs, easy-to-use personal journals published on the
internet, get children more interested in school work they
might otherwise have disliked, says junior school teacher
John Mills.
Children at Hangleton Junior School in Hove, Sussex,
                                 ir
have been using weblogs in their spare time to learn more
about things that interest them, but as a result their
performance in class has improved.
John believes his is the only school in the country using
weblogs to such an extent for such a young age group.
                                                              Some of Hangleton's weblogs
                        n
"I first saw weblogs when I was working in Holland a
couple of years ago," he says.
"What I saw made my jaw drop. I knew children would love to use this at school."
Extra homework
                     school
John set up an after-school club about weblogging at               The local community can
Hangleton, and it has become so popular that nearly half       be drawn in on something that,
the school turns up for some sessions.                         without the weblog, would
The children enjoy using the weblogs so much that they         have been isolated within the
happily do extra work at home, even though they've not         school
been given homework to do, and expand their weblogs far
beyond the four pages John suggests they aim for at the Stephen O'Hear
start.
Crucially, some of the children who attend the club have improved their knowledge of IT far above what is
required of their age group by the National Curriculum.
"The Government target is for 80% of children of this age to reach level 4 by year 6. All of the webloggers
                                                                             15-year
have done that, and some have reached level 6. They are doing what 14 or 15 year-olds are expected to do.
"The children using weblogs are streets ahead of their peers in IT, and they have made greater advances in
literacy than we would normally expect for their age group," John adds.
                                 day-to-day IT lessons, he says.
The weblogs make a difference to day
"A typical lesson aim might be to teach the children how to copy and paste, and change text from one font to
another.
"We can do that in Microsoft Word, which is fine, but the children aren't very inspired by it.
                             Manila,
"The weblog software we use, Manila, looks very much like Microsoft Word and has similar features. When
you use a weblog to teach copy and paste, or changing fonts, the children are a lot more interested.
"They are really involved. They know it's different, they now have something that lets them speak with their
                                                think;
own voice. Adults tend to tell children what to thin weblogs give
them a chance to voice their own thoughts.
"There's a degree of trust involved. They know that if they post
anything they shouldn't, their weblog will be taken away from
them."                                                                                What I saw
                                                                        made my jaw drop - I knew
Award nomination
                                                                        children would love to use this
The school's weblogs project has been so successful that it             at school
has just been shortlisted for a New Statesman New Media
Award, an annual event highlighting the best web
development in the UK.
                                                                                 What I saw
        S,
In the US, weblogs are starting to be taken seriously by           made my jaw drop - I knew
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teachers.
Students are encouraged to contribute to group weblogs devoted to a particular project or class, or perhaps
maintain their own personal blogs on which they post essays and homework assignments.
 y
By connecting together the weblogs of a whole class, or even a whole school, it's possible to create a virtual
community where students can read, and make comments upon, one another's work.
Web developer and teacher Stephen O'Hear shares John's passion for weblogs in education. In his capacity
as a fellow of the National Endowment for Science, Technology and the Arts (Nesta), he is exploring ways of
using technology and multimedia for learning.
                                                      understand
"Weblogs are incredibly versatile. They are simple to understand and simple to use. They offer the ability to
publish and get feedback," he says.
Posting to a weblog is not like pinning an essay on the classroom wall.
                  way          Weblog-based                                                     published;
"That's not a two-way process. Weblog based discussions can continue long after a post has been pu
they can go far beyond the scope of the original work."
Individual voices
Stephen sees opportunities for using weblogs across all areas of learning.
"Rather than using a weblog as a platform for an individual voice, you can use it for a collaboration of many
voices. A class of students doing a project on the environment might want to start a weblog about their local
                                                                                      makers
river; because it's online, it might attract interest from local residents and policy-makers too. The local
community can be drawn in on something that, without the weblog, would have been isolated within the
school."
                                                                   future.
Back at Hangleton Junior, John Mills is full of optimism about the future
"I'm leaving this school later this year, but I shall still be helping to set up weblogs for each class and possibly
subject-specific blogs.
"Ideally, I'd like to see every child with a weblog of their own."
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/uk_news/magazine/3804773.stm




                                                                     Mr Gates endorsed RSS




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Gates backs blogs for
businesses
Last Updated: Friday, 21 May, 2004, 09:52 GMT 10:52 UK
In a speech to an audience of chief executives, Mr Gates
said the regularly updated journals, or blogs, could be a
good way for firms to tell customers, staff and partners what
they are doing.
He said blogs had advantages over other, older ways of
                         mail
communicating such as e-mail and websites.
Write now                                                            Mr Gates endorsed RSS
Mr Gates' blessing of blogs came during his keynote
speech at Microsoft's CEO Summit held on the company's
campus in Redmond, Seattle.
                                                                      developments
The speech was a canter through many of the forthcoming technological developments Mr Gates and
Microsoft believe business bosses should know about.
The speech covered mobile phones, new wireless technologies, RFID, digital cameras and broadband, as well
as all the uses such things can be put to.
                            lling
Mr Gates made a point of dwelling on blogs and said that although they started in the technical community and
have come to be a broader social phenomenon, businesses can use them too.
                                                                           e-mail
They had advantages over more traditional ways of keeping in touch such as e mail and websites, he said.
  mail
E-mail messages could be too imposing or miss out key people who should be included, said Mr Gates.
Websites were a problem too, he added, because they demand that people visit them regularly to find out if
anything has changed and require regular updating to avoid going stale.
These problems could be solved, said Mr Gates, by using blogs and Really Simple Syndication (RSS), that
lets people know when a favourite journal is updated.
"What blogging and these notifications are about is that you make it very easy to communicate," he said.
"The ultimate idea is that you should get the information you want when you want it."
http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/technology/3734981.stm




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Very advanced editing


Editing in an outliner...
Our base server application is called Manila (manila.Userland.com). It’s designed for ordinary mortals. That is,
people who don’t want to HTML and FTP. However, it’s sister product Radio (radio.Userland.com) is a client
                                                              you
which is able to connect directly to your Manila site. Thus, you are able to check out pages, be they stories,
messages or even preferences. Even templates! But, the real killer, one that were you to see it, you’d die for,
is the outline rendering of such pages. You are able to bookmark regularly updated pages, so you can get
                   even
there in a snap—even groups of pages. You can add rendering directives such that the page is told that “this
level should be treated as a heading, this as bold intro, this as body, this as footnotes.” You can also use
                              d
‘rules.’ There’s a whole world in here.
Above is a screen shot, of some stuff, you can see that I can look after many, many Manila sites with this tool.
The menu I’ve picked is for the cyberSaps site. Mostly the first few are self explanatory. Like open the home
                         umber,
page, open a message number, create a new story, upload a picture, add rules to an outline (for corporate




styles) open the homepage template. The rest are mostly bookmarked pages or bookmarked groups of pages
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                                               menu-all in outlines all ready for your edits and merely save to
(that’s right you can open many pages with one menu                  ll
                RPC,
save via XML-RPC, much better and newer than FTP).
In the same first image, under the menu are some real outline example pages, with the #directives and
rendering rules clearly shown. The very bottom window shows the renderWith macro. THE most powerful
macro for you.
Above, the second Radio screen grab, is a whole site shown in an outline. Here you can get to preferences,
templates, messages, and post messages as replies. Edit members… Powerful stuff.


Edit your site template in Photoshop




We can supply the whole Photoshop document (seen below) in all its layers, and layer comps glory. Play
about with the backgrounds, the typefaces, and the styles of the typefaces. Change the styles of the butons, or
             tral
the main central panel. Add snow lettering for Xmas, bunnies for Easter. And all you have to do is upload the
folder of images to an FTP site, and viola your design is changed! With this, you can store your creations, and
                                                 Easter
in seconds, yes, seconds, you can swap from Easter to Xmas, to Summer holidays. Essentially, you save your
graphic designs, and are able to switch between them, like changing clothes, one minute you’re in pink, the
next in navy blue. “Oh! Back to pink again.” It’s like being undecided in what to wear, try it on, and see!




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