Docstoc

Output-Carbon Intensity - IIASA

Document Sample
Output-Carbon Intensity - IIASA Powered By Docstoc
					Introduction




     -Unadjusted-Carbon             (provides carbon or carbon dioxide emission data, as reported, without altering as
     -Unadjusted-Energy Intensity    (provides energy intensity data based on UN economic data and unaltered assum
     -Unadjusted-Carbon Intensity    (provides carbon intensity data based on unaltered assumptions, as well as user s



     Energy reporting agencies utilized in this spreadsheet are:
     International Energy Agency (IEA)
     Energy Information Administration (EIA)
     BP (BP)



     Carbon reporting agencies utilized in this spreadsheet are:
     International Energy Agency--Using the Reference Approach (IEA-R)
     International Energy Agency--Using the Sectoral Approach (IEA-S)
     Energy Information Administration (EIA)
     Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC)
Introduction
     This spreadsheet program is designed to display energy consumption, carbon emissions, and resulting energy and
     carbon intensities of the top 26 carbon-emitting nations (representing 80% of total global emissions). As energy
     data are reported by the leading institutions in different units, using different energy equivalences for hydroelectric
     and nuclear power, and including different sources of energy, significant differences may appear to a non-
     investigative reader. This program allows users to choose preferred energy units, preferred energy equivalences
     for hydro and nuclear power, and preferred sources of energy to be calculated and compared for the three leading
     energy reporting institutions. As with energy reports, carbon dioxide emissions reports vary widely. Leading
     reporting institutions include carbon emissions from various sources; the decision to include certain sources may
     lead to different trends in data. This program allows users to choose sources of emissions to be included, making
     feasible a comparison across the leading carbon emission reporting agencies. Unadjusted data, as reported by
     institutions, are also displayed to provide readers with an understanding of how significant these methodological
     assumptions can be.
     This spreadsheet is composed of an "Assumptions" tab, whereby users select preferred energy and carbon
     assumptions, and a series of "Output" tabs, which allow for direct comparison among various reporting agencies.

     In the "Assumptions" tab, users select preferred energy and carbon assumptions by clicking on sections highlighted in yellow

     Other instructions for user input throughout the spreadsheet are highlighted in green

     Ouput Tabs are the following:
     -Output-Primary Energy         (provides primary energy consumption data utilizing preferred user assumptions)
     -Output-Carbon                (provides carbon or carbon dioxide emission data utilizing preferred user assumptions)
     -Output-Energy Intensity       (provides energy intensity data based on UN economic data and preferred user assumptions)
     -Output-Carbon Intensity       (provides carbon intensity data based on preferred user assumptions and selections)
     -Unadjusted-Primary Energy       (provides primary energy consumption data, as reported, without altering assumptions)
     -Unadjusted-Carbon              (provides carbon or carbon dioxide emission data, as reported, without altering assumptions)
     -Unadjusted-Energy Intensity     (provides energy intensity data based on UN economic data and unaltered assumptions)
     -Unadjusted-Carbon Intensity     (provides carbon intensity data based on unaltered assumptions, as well as user selections)



     Energy reporting agencies utilized in this spreadsheet are:
     International Energy Agency (IEA)
     Energy Information Administration (EIA)
     BP (BP)



     Carbon reporting agencies utilized in this spreadsheet are:
     International Energy Agency--Using the Reference Approach (IEA-R)
     International Energy Agency--Using the Sectoral Approach (IEA-S)
     Energy Information Administration (EIA)
     Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC)
s highlighted in yellow




er assumptions)
  red user assumptions)
and selections)
 ing assumptions)
  t altering assumptions)
 ered assumptions)
well as user selections)
Assumptions
     Please Select Preferred Assumptions for Energy and Carbon Calculations

     ENERGY ASSUMPTIONS
     Energy Units
     Primary Energy Equivalence*
     Energy Sources Included**



     CARBON ASSUMPTIONS
     Carbon Units
     Carbon Sources-Cement Production (from CDIAC)
     Carbon Sources-Gas Flaring (from CDIAC and EIA)
     Carbon Sources-Wastes (from IEA-Sectoral)
     Carbon Sources-Combustible Renewables (from IEA)


     Notes:
     *Primary Energy Equivalent assumptions are used to determine the appropriate primary energy values for energy fro
     geothermal sources. In the Substitution Equivalent Method (also known as "partial substitution") the primary energy e
     energy that would be necessary to generate an equal amount of electricity in conventional thermal power plants, usin
     these plants (in this case 38.6%). Thus 1 GWh produced represents 9,328 GJ of primary energy. In the Direct Equiv
     energy content"), the primary energy equivalent is the physical energy content of the electricity (or heat) generated. T
     efficiency, and a conversion factor of 1 GWh produced representing 3,600 GJ of primary energy. IEA, EIA, and BP a
     values in their calculations.


     **Commercial Fuels include petroleum, coal, natural gas, hydroelectric, and nuclear sources
     Modern Renewables include solar shotovoltaic (PV), solar thermal, geothermal, wind, and tide/wave/ocean sources
     Combustible Renewables include primary solid biomass (including fuelwood), municipal and industrial wastes, and b

     For more detailed definitions, see International Energy Agency (IEA), 2008. Energy Balances of OECD Countries, 20
     For more details about the World Energy Council (WEC) substitution equivalent choice of 38.6%, see:
     WEC (World Energy Council), 1993, Energy for Tomorrow’s World: The Realities, the Real Options and the Agenda for Achieve
rgy and Carbon Calculations


             Exajoules (EJ)
             WEC Convention Substitution Equivalent (.386)
             Commercial Fuels and Modern Renewables (from IEA) Only




             Tg Carbon Dioxide (Million Metric Tonnes)
             Yes
             Yes
             Yes
             No



used to determine the appropriate primary energy values for energy from nuclear, hydro, solar, wind, and
alent Method (also known as "partial substitution") the primary energy equivalent represents the amount of
n equal amount of electricity in conventional thermal power plants, using an average generating efficiency of
h produced represents 9,328 GJ of primary energy. In the Direct Equivalent Method (also known as "physical
nt is the physical energy content of the electricity (or heat) generated. This results in an assumption of 100%
produced representing 3,600 GJ of primary energy. IEA, EIA, and BP all use different methods and efficiency



natural gas, hydroelectric, and nuclear sources
 c (PV), solar thermal, geothermal, wind, and tide/wave/ocean sources
id biomass (including fuelwood), municipal and industrial wastes, and biofuels

al Energy Agency (IEA), 2008. Energy Balances of OECD Countries, 2008 Edition. OECD/IEA, Paris.
 ncil (WEC) substitution equivalent choice of 38.6%, see:
omorrow’s World: The Realities, the Real Options and the Agenda for Achievements, Kogan Page, London, UK.
Primary Energy Consumption (Harmonized Assumptions)
These data utilize the following harmonized assumptions:
Energy Units:                         Exajoules (EJ)
Energy Equivalence:                   WEC Convention Substitution Equivalent (.386)
Energy Sources Included:              Commercial Fuels and Modern Renewables (from IEA) Only



Primary Energy Consumption         Source     1990       1991      1992         1993        1994
Algeria                            IEA         0.999041 1.054695 1.083065        1.087507    1.047526
Algeria                            EIA         1.283958 1.431468 1.374128         1.27499    1.309489
Algeria                            BP          1.175926 1.166567 1.189399        1.107566     1.12769
Australia                          IEA         3.580569 3.548578 3.632823        3.801443     3.81215
Australia                          EIA         3.902143 3.752564 3.940638        4.067723    4.112097
Australia                          BP           3.67035 3.678173 3.728373        3.848371    3.981508
Brazil                             IEA         5.031333 5.235119 5.354047        5.581738    5.844231
Brazil                             EIA         5.586613 5.802928 5.91836         6.155432    6.425082
Brazil                             BP          5.182715 5.345238 5.514515        5.688898    5.897754
Canada                             IEA         9.992985 10.01173 10.2812         10.60183    10.88306
Canada                             EIA         10.88882 11.00706 11.40576        11.64422       12.005
Canada                             BP          10.32967 10.4351 10.71905         10.99613    11.34172
China                              IEA         28.47611 28.11336 29.32578         31.5516    33.39787
China                              EIA         28.27083 29.55801 30.65152        32.79089    35.64125
China                              BP          28.65501 30.10717 31.36124        33.72427    35.68172
France                             IEA         8.868862 9.318221 9.23423         9.346128    9.112782
France                             EIA         9.197077 9.83266 9.873318         9.875087    9.863543
France                             BP          9.123474 9.630616 9.733483        9.724176    9.556728
Germany                            IEA         14.56804 14.2739 14.00264         13.88316    13.84631
Germany                            EIA        Not Available14.81971 14.52334     14.56105    14.48149
Germany                            BP          14.61965 14.23803 14.05132        13.94862    13.85326
India                              IEA         8.206449 8.665206 9.129598        9.426004    10.03081
India                              EIA         8.175687 8.692033 9.203449        9.667256    10.35464
India                              BP          8.088232 8.582884 9.051638        9.299861    9.848528
Indonesia                          IEA         2.443724 2.636197 2.821434        2.998301     3.17565
Indonesia                          EIA         2.326683 2.419226 2.623771        3.046618    3.258837
Indonesia                          BP          2.231699 2.398116 2.581429        2.733857    2.857277
Iran                               IEA          2.88573 3.168557 3.246725         3.50703    3.851077
Iran                               EIA         3.263948 3.399118 3.525642        3.656312    3.877203
Iran                               BP          2.930949      3.0214 3.166724     3.276037    3.564349
Italy                              IEA         6.242532 6.460686 6.407006        6.368259     6.30711
Italy                              EIA         6.924149 7.061026 7.013446        6.986504    6.890348
Italy                              BP          6.503296 6.639933 6.654994         6.51142       6.5043
Japan                              IEA         18.54247 18.79574 19.11385        19.27572    20.11963
Japan                              EIA         18.97595 19.47297 19.57756        19.69775    20.57023
Japan                              BP          18.19818 18.83301 19.03457        19.30164    20.05339
Kazakhstan                         IEA         3.121202 3.193634 3.352352        2.784379       2.4891
Kazakhstan                         EIA                   Not
                                              Not Available Available3.578044    3.045264     2.38356
Kazakhstan                         BP          3.122185 3.074861 3.099665        2.746566    2.435771
Korea                              IEA         3.832089 4.114337 4.581603         5.15626    5.534097
Korea                              EIA         3.979904 4.507265 5.020598        5.610191    6.085146
Korea                              BP           3.77418 4.254155 4.781329        5.242716    5.665275
Mexico                             IEA         4.891603 5.082046 5.205844        5.204108    5.370867
Mexico                             EIA         5.227718 5.396779 5.494978        5.496622    5.713388
Mexico                             BP          4.299276 4.446959 4.547191        4.556158    4.820216
Poland           IEA    4.096554 4.06223 3.993877        4.058162   3.861066
Poland           EIA    4.166022 4.088921 4.053999       4.187857   4.027799
Poland           BP     4.426844 4.238552 3.986225       4.060801   4.027257
Russia           IEA    37.00421 35.72343 32.72968       31.59507   27.82121
Russia           EIA              Not
                       Not Available Available35.87946   33.61282    30.7916
Russia           BP      36.5092 36.0545 34.3229         32.21277   29.38687
Saudi Arabia     IEA     2.56724 3.048776 3.379679       3.518319   3.720982
Saudi Arabia     EIA    3.531508 3.691707 3.865094       3.992198   4.114983
Saudi Arabia     BP     3.558529 3.779382 3.739524       3.859602   4.186842
South Africa     IEA    3.369088 3.538862 3.275066       3.485988   3.689374
South Africa     EIA    3.707298 3.869447 3.961235       3.945399   4.304122
South Africa     BP     3.791423 3.759441 3.650521       3.759949   3.986624
Spain            IEA    3.702555 3.871578 3.919265        3.79268   4.036448
Spain            EIA    4.161466 4.382721 4.365031       4.246875   4.407053
Spain            BP     3.797153 3.870051 3.970474       3.918682    4.04959
Taiwan           IEA    2.008461 2.167839 2.279922       2.417048    2.55796
Taiwan           EIA    2.095997 2.163778 2.280023       2.519067   2.705707
Taiwan           BP     2.108843 2.196139 2.368062       2.503479   2.678967
Thailand         IEA    1.251652 1.366989 1.499106       1.674593   1.876947
Thailand         EIA    1.313158 1.436238 1.539012       1.764316   1.963749
Thailand         BP     1.232582 1.389059 1.51036        1.698091   1.903376
Turkey           IEA    2.048563 2.020229 2.110469        2.29254   2.241688
Turkey           EIA    2.064933 2.158203 2.223103       2.427714   2.330888
Turkey           BP      1.99289 2.01338 2.217744        2.437864   2.326235
Ukraine          IEA    10.46334 10.36611 8.993916       7.957883   6.763671
Ukraine          EIA              Not
                       Not Available Available8.900739   8.476299   7.229178
Ukraine          BP     11.39611 10.39615 9.125762       7.703037   6.589917
United Kingdom   IEA    8.782905 9.045342 9.015393       9.087581   9.148498
United Kingdom   EIA    9.521708 9.711584 9.423977       9.703671   9.651229
United Kingdom   BP     8.845638 9.028192 8.967107       9.056887   8.934487
United States    IEA    78.71238 79.27683 80.35229       82.51717   83.98205
United States    EIA     85.1858 85.00389 86.36463       88.08496   89.66108
United States    BP     82.82904 82.72528 84.0386        85.83283   87.38236
mptions)




       1995        1996         1997         1998         1999        2000        2001         2002        2003         2004
        1.087475    1.055411     1.089543     1.125462     1.202269    1.221823    1.228622     1.305037    1.393551     1.400679
        1.375705    1.334165     1.268643     1.321621     1.320268    1.306846    1.324565     1.346799     1.36337     1.329886
        1.172401    1.173414     1.109365     1.154897     1.168548    1.124734    1.167563     1.210688    1.266384     1.311017
        3.864004    4.111522     4.214065     4.331634     4.432695    4.511475    4.418476     4.553636    4.613605     4.625712
        4.234905    4.421224     4.779673     4.816017     5.051646    5.088247    5.263346     5.379795    5.381003     5.456099
        4.121331    4.236107     4.404215     4.525896     4.626521    4.658193    4.751836     4.891301    4.888885     4.987514
        6.198074    6.638923     7.048465     7.322457      7.46813     7.70817    7.506336     7.673061     7.72187     8.110647
        6.816991    7.220305     7.653011     7.910759     8.069043    8.344864    8.262532     8.385605    8.427642     8.835971
        6.212228    6.587895     6.973255     7.229718     7.411187    7.606582    7.474388     7.657798    7.743754     8.052007
        11.04433    11.37648        11.521    11.37778     11.71679    11.88806    11.63768     11.87145    12.31024     12.55043
        12.19119    12.52449     12.70104     12.42275     12.99431    13.00296    12.96504     13.37068    13.74241     14.10795
        11.45936    11.89748     11.89084     11.77395     11.83853    12.07125    12.08058     12.36436    12.62413     12.98228
        36.32633    37.88622     38.03825     38.03946     38.02614    38.53425     38.6939     42.51035    49.31009     58.92895
        36.45155    37.32376     39.69528     39.06053     38.95691    39.40373     40.9359     45.09375    53.00719     62.47797
        38.33762    40.37554     40.20085     38.35807     39.07823    40.43656    41.82624     44.23989    51.39572     59.53821
        9.428856     9.89166     9.597302     9.919334     9.986472    10.04054    10.42126     10.33382    10.50443     10.65335
         10.1536    10.52326      10.4556     10.68049     10.80415    10.95046    11.15394     11.09923    11.17559     11.44889
        9.812487    10.18656     10.03557        10.294    10.47135    10.61379    10.75632     10.68816    10.81964     10.96817
        14.00288    14.46322     14.25794     14.17065     13.88342    13.96757    14.34975     14.02907    14.08005     14.13478
        14.80134    14.89846     14.84222     14.81679     14.58227     14.6946    15.03729     14.71022    15.02955     15.22152
        13.94188    14.40021     14.15037     14.02818     13.78622    13.90424       14.157    13.95521    14.07119     14.07431
        10.76601    11.22883     11.85606     12.22326     13.18494     13.4206    13.61062     14.00618    14.50681     15.74053
        11.93263    11.51037     12.13093     12.67787     13.53194    14.02791    14.49988     14.42877    14.87575     16.19414
        10.64301    11.36331     11.95447     12.39142     12.72676    13.41724    13.57923     14.19344    14.59825     15.94082
        3.492662     3.69127     3.917314     3.779452     4.119265    4.224396    4.494474     4.602703    4.730444     5.020189
        3.404484     3.67509     3.815575     3.690922     4.068033    4.207521    4.619934     4.809008    4.875675     5.313515
         3.09643    3.375637     3.540145     3.384917     3.765968    4.031293    4.298197     4.427869    4.407905     4.692102
        3.972332    4.019825     3.991134     4.471708     4.641673    4.955527     5.19976      5.46917    5.861533     6.343466
        4.024518    4.168699     4.669302     4.826849     5.096548    5.286642    5.677019     6.200041    6.501712     6.732128
        3.957603    4.217296     4.442534     4.530522     4.800665    5.108469    5.385625     5.952575     6.26426      6.79748
        6.797746    6.797954      6.87587     7.052231     7.153891    7.277415    7.308114     7.268573    7.486754     7.569435
        7.229063    7.248817     7.356592     7.559094     7.677169    7.748764    7.768336     7.791304    8.069763     8.124388
        6.826626    6.829475     6.895309     7.089604     7.309556    7.428237    7.464859     7.414557    7.643887     7.775273
        20.59542    21.13258     21.39361     21.12317     21.41237    21.73533    21.39233     21.42947    21.38445     22.02918
        21.10694    21.53721     22.04523     21.65265     22.23104    22.78158    22.57521     22.41333    22.59693     23.27754
        20.69253    21.02344     21.29451     21.00019     21.19584    21.55869    21.48134     21.36651    21.40807     21.77583
        2.231862    1.939616     1.688544     1.683791     1.537857    1.657796    1.639724     1.795152    1.942974     2.070698
        1.976233    2.040763     1.758743     1.692198     1.870573    1.953997    2.105987     2.171151    2.286127     2.396324
        2.141692    1.920398     1.701686     1.648096      1.47913    1.716275    1.768151     1.843646     2.00584     2.143479
        6.062877    6.619149      7.20521     6.568434     7.242746     7.75411    7.860505     8.259442       8.4325    8.663774
        6.624945    7.087097     7.720117     7.090421     7.839493    8.188407    8.406686     8.739455    9.050965     9.318973
        6.211264       6.8456    7.508073     6.917359     7.541584    7.983956    8.187511     8.567202    8.849819     9.080326
        5.219319    5.408688     5.568886     5.820485     5.951376    5.980688     6.03218     6.159159    6.283486     6.535049
        5.605299    5.708982     5.869608      6.16997     6.235325    6.533846    6.477831     6.537838    6.702255     6.748973
        4.725257    4.904593     5.163326     5.418923     5.559857    5.736944    5.713381     5.713541    5.935008     6.078524
3.994272   4.175281    4.127986   3.852132    3.744729   3.586047    3.601545   3.560723   3.651317   3.662964
3.909152    4.37497    4.306133   4.062961    4.212731   3.837925    3.657289   3.644983   3.827451   3.927291
4.035897    4.21776     4.12723   3.939512     3.81473   3.702496    3.709385   3.646918   3.706091   3.808784
26.78457   26.44965    25.35306      24.823   25.64178   26.13215    26.48709   26.26211   27.15399   27.31576
29.41959   28.80546    27.05556    27.1991    28.28856   28.73952     28.9667   29.18845   30.12123   31.05696
27.93045   27.05963    25.53786   25.56134    25.96376    26.5842    26.64536   27.02883   27.40648   27.84366
 3.72057   3.976146    3.972132   4.221841    4.286474   4.471452    4.655265   5.147288   5.159579    5.54014
4.036134   4.330148    4.605704   4.793104    4.855359   5.119667    5.421331   5.679619   6.078123    6.54913
4.069221   4.265093    4.387355   4.638547    4.663807   4.872849    5.031319   5.179155   5.514811   5.980634
3.885735   3.907227    3.963374   4.013526    4.018225    4.09783    4.016494   3.847192   4.373908   4.849304
4.331076   4.396664    4.810828   4.575486    4.681553   4.820193    4.900716   4.772205   5.140593   5.494638
4.207723   4.434484    4.576318   4.552658    4.515241   4.537815    4.478425   4.646541   4.914521   5.174592
4.196807   4.231617    4.471953   4.685973    4.856713   5.145867    5.352112   5.415289   5.706258   5.922925
4.497386    4.56883    4.892845   5.100401    5.392241   5.765332    6.012234   6.108789    6.40871   6.659065
4.197705   4.379206    4.671285   4.943717    5.149251   5.440321    5.618894   5.715519   6.010283   6.228346
2.720065   2.861531    3.031232   3.213756    3.331946   3.466505    3.718795   3.891392   4.058047      4.2874
2.971219   3.179947    3.331809   3.529059    3.689427   3.928402    4.019599   4.190298   4.389192   4.549011
 2.83774   2.946701    3.163481    3.31681    3.711997   3.985075    3.976011   4.098753   4.346008   4.502186
2.162975   2.440913     2.52001   2.341046    2.469576    2.55966    2.769717   2.959098   3.144106   3.434107
2.217678   2.561338    2.721123   2.555592    2.621843   2.698516    2.824449    3.07544   3.352593   3.605778
2.183317   2.429082    2.549264   2.404196    2.462802    2.56162    2.649293   2.880316   3.126734   3.371678
2.497718   2.756495    2.906413   2.973444    2.885274   3.129352    2.848422   3.089778   3.259741   3.460828
2.599436   2.861782    3.049799   3.121212    3.043253   3.317187    3.041111   3.305376   3.494422   3.701625
2.534825   2.815527    2.952525   3.061384    3.007849   3.243662    3.035215   3.189161   3.391612   3.616902
6.718269   6.212448    5.944901   5.653905    5.626581      5.5452   5.560795   5.607388   5.981832   5.956763
7.139645   6.513364    6.222846   5.996928    5.916094    5.91054    5.786385   5.978676   6.463841   6.422781
6.177214   5.917036    5.803041   5.583831    5.703516   5.710041    5.677204   5.599808   5.606269   5.843284
9.179792   9.564046    9.309504   9.443308    9.506701    9.61085    9.606565   9.353976   9.485045   9.543381
9.571463   10.16912    9.835595   9.839062    9.861327   9.829631     9.94769   9.830938   9.960967   10.07577
 8.96673   9.401011    9.219646   9.350418    9.270947   9.353001    9.500141   9.282561   9.423128   9.508623
85.24659   87.63148    88.61476   89.09749    91.32675   93.73297     91.7581   93.46906   93.07085   94.80047
91.40286       94.45    95.2192   95.86796    97.53583   99.76535    97.42305   98.68271   98.99374   101.0327
 89.1874   92.18067    92.87114   93.48349    95.16217   97.30834    95.02179   96.27028   96.59422   98.51174
2005
 1.455653
 1.501766
 1.369394
 4.981806
 5.760305
 5.014118
    8.3529
 9.107416
 8.291742
 12.80187
 14.42207
 13.22309
 64.72354
  70.2493
 65.53002
 10.64564
 11.49207
 10.95101
 13.94091
 14.92869
 13.87151
 16.45661
 16.86916
 16.85518
 5.257696
 5.566551
 4.860765
 6.863007
 7.643924
 7.227145
 7.635266
  8.13968
 7.781046
 21.82652
 23.14008
 21.89171
  2.23734
 2.983331
 2.369546
 8.649969
  9.61582
 9.397952
 6.990557
 7.100714
 6.272329
3.707532
3.880916
3.798652
27.51433
31.44172
28.11078
5.873125
7.022714
6.336814
4.764639
5.310751
 4.96961
6.007338
6.816834
6.323475
4.368183
4.693644
 4.62089
3.531025
3.772109
3.496239
3.570045
3.955554
3.788921
5.916651
6.451289
 5.83606
9.542829
10.07745
9.586622
95.26968
101.2519
98.83442
Carbon Emissions (Harmonized Assumptions)
These data utilize the following harmonized assumptions:
Carbon Units                                           Tg Carbon Dioxide (Million Metric Tonnes)
Carbon Sources-Cement Production (from CDIAC)          Yes
Carbon Sources-Gas Flaring (from CDIAC and EIA)        Yes
Carbon Sources-Wastes (from IEA-Sectoral)              Yes
Carbon Sources-Combustible Renewables (from IEA) No

Tg Carbon Dioxide (Million Metric Tonnes)             Source       1990        1991        1992        1993
Algeria                                               BP            78.14433     77.6961    83.92792    78.85578
Algeria                                               CDIAC         77.00101    79.34626    80.51888    82.42073
Algeria                                               EIA           86.31318    88.98395    85.27129    85.48985
Algeria                                               IEA-R         70.00448    73.73318    80.68731    79.40089
Algeria                                               IEA-S         66.57448    70.26318    76.16731    77.19089
Australia                                             BP            264.3034    265.0614    267.7934    275.4564
Australia                                             CDIAC         293.9591    285.5795    297.0941    304.8568
Australia                                             EIA           274.2248    262.0909    275.1008    285.3833
Australia                                             IEA-R         264.2152    262.8852     267.787     278.281
Australia                                             IEA-S         263.2252    263.9852     267.507     271.511
Brazil                                                BP            237.5846    243.4056    248.6495    254.5948
Brazil                                                CDIAC         202.6366    213.9194     215.114    224.8944
Brazil                                                EIA           250.5562    259.9465    248.7239    271.1316
Brazil                                                IEA-R         217.3785    228.2813    229.8531    239.1521
Brazil                                                IEA-S         207.8285    216.4851    218.2136    226.7582
Canada                                                BP             451.329    443.4894    455.9913    458.0391
Canada                                                CDIAC         428.7617    424.1064    434.7883    448.2515
Canada                                                EIA           481.0896    472.4341    487.8205    490.7934
Canada                                                IEA-R         433.6845    422.9759    436.0432    440.1709
Canada                                                IEA-S         438.9745    432.3059    442.7032    442.5709
China                                                 BP            2438.314    2581.934    2706.918    2915.223
China                                                 CDIAC         2399.538     2519.86     2643.66    2787.105
China                                                 EIA           2398.045     2527.25    2628.869    2824.087
China                                                 IEA-R         2476.177    2446.232    2569.886     2777.02
China                                                 IEA-S         2315.547    2450.422    2581.426      2810.1
France                                                BP             392.658    413.6784    403.8724     383.718
France                                                CDIAC         365.9005    396.7633    370.1961    362.1196
France                                                EIA           384.3263    409.8371    396.2876     382.279
France                                                IEA-R         379.6554    398.0403    371.8663    364.1282
France                                                IEA-S         368.5154    396.3103    381.9663    362.5082
Germany                                               BP            980.0464    939.2616    911.4973    899.2996
Germany                                               CDIAC         985.2301    896.0153     871.231    853.7017
Germany                                               EIA           994.7424    952.1201    920.3291     918.158
Germany                                               IEA-R         992.1839    959.8083    921.8317    908.0721
Germany                                               IEA-S         987.5739    963.7783    916.8517    912.8921
India                                                 BP            624.5875    659.8733    693.8955    716.3346
India                                                 CDIAC           679.96    728.6019     774.052    806.6399
India                                                 EIA           607.6652    651.4914    689.8771    723.6916
India                                                 IEA-R         631.9519    669.5212    702.2037    729.4375
India                                                 IEA-S         621.1419    661.4612    688.5037    714.7075
Indonesia                                             BP            151.9654    165.3761    176.5117    187.7795
Indonesia                                             CDIAC         149.3152    178.3376    201.4493    218.8884
Indonesia                                             EIA           158.2826    164.7924    182.0599    209.8008
Indonesia                                             IEA-R         163.4087    178.9138     191.822     205.948
Indonesia                                             IEA-S         157.5587    173.6938     179.412     195.688
Iran           BP       206.7546 214.0286 220.6688       222.8543
Iran           CDIAC    218.2837 223.949 237.8812        222.6114
Iran           EIA      208.6268 234.0475 242.362        246.3112
Iran           IEA-R    211.2705 228.9919 229.6619       239.5431
Iran           IEA-S    203.5805 224.0119 239.1119       241.2831
Italy          BP       417.2083 418.0679 417.8836       402.2319
Italy          CDIAC    396.5175 408.4452 407.7426       396.1659
Italy          EIA       436.754 438.0632 436.7448       430.0226
Italy          IEA-R    401.5646 406.2677 404.3252       395.7108
Italy          IEA-S    418.2946 417.7877 417.1752       409.0908
Japan          BP       1114.443 1146.26 1160.896        1150.319
Japan          CDIAC    1081.695 1090.864 1110.826       1083.685
Japan          EIA      1096.734 1119.281 1123.488       1117.024
Japan          IEA-R    1120.301 1128.047 1149.341       1137.508
Japan          IEA-S    1100.021 1110.677 1119.511       1118.728
Kazakhstan     BP       234.5833 228.8993 235.4505         207.22
Kazakhstan     CDIAC              Not
                       Not Available Available252.7588   214.1173
Kazakhstan     EIA                Not
                       Not Available Available268.2786   229.5367
Kazakhstan     IEA-R      235.98      242.54 255.8581    218.1735
Kazakhstan     IEA-S      233.16      240.58 250.4881    212.0935
Korea          BP       254.2612 285.745 324.4659        356.7023
Korea          CDIAC    242.8669 265.7492 286.8424       317.5001
Korea          EIA      261.3865 289.8989 318.7382       357.9324
Korea          IEA-R    254.7065 266.7728 289.4479       328.5307
Korea          IEA-S    243.8965 269.2228 296.2979       325.0407
Mexico         BP       267.9612 277.567 282.113         283.7872
Mexico         CDIAC    375.2686 371.0179 395.566          368.57
Mexico         EIA      314.2127 322.4998 326.9431       330.5734
Mexico         IEA-R    312.4896 324.9663 330.8884        328.808
Mexico         IEA-S    307.5996 317.7363 322.6684        320.628
Poland         BP       374.0666 359.6808 338.0956       343.8068
Poland         CDIAC     351.156 347.8575 342.7881       353.6381
Poland         EIA      346.1406 341.933 339.7963        350.7608
Poland         IEA-R    358.1896 357.5777 352.6527        355.304
Poland         IEA-S    355.6596 354.6177 345.3727        343.724
Russia         BP       2171.108 2117.679 2049.876       1885.532
Russia         CDIAC              Not
                       Not Available Available1992.099   1817.744
Russia         EIA                Not
                       Not Available Available2095.011   1943.491
Russia         IEA-R     2304.66 2145.76 1987.433        1907.646
Russia         IEA-S     2188.56 2088.62 1934.603        1863.326
Saudi Arabia   BP       222.9883 236.7826       233.86   240.9381
Saudi Arabia   CDIAC    197.4477 276.226 296.047         326.7367
Saudi Arabia   EIA      214.0047 232.1224 243.1011       240.5533
Saudi Arabia   IEA-R    146.7621      178.83 201.9254    209.7849
Saudi Arabia   IEA-S    165.7321      172.45 189.2154    200.5749
South Africa   BP       318.1517 313.6027 304.3932       316.0008
South Africa   CDIAC    331.9219 344.8171 323.2994       342.2593
South Africa   EIA      304.9345 317.3379 327.0561       326.0683
South Africa   IEA-R    294.9516 309.2211 286.0132       308.5144
South Africa   IEA-S    258.5316 254.9011 254.2932       255.0344
Spain          BP       232.4555 233.1462 244.3123       235.6704
Spain          CDIAC     212.141 216.8424 226.2398       207.3969
Spain          EIA      251.1174 262.1723 266.7636       254.1359
Spain          IEA-R    225.4001 232.1623 240.2632       225.1394
Spain          IEA-S    221.4901 227.9223 240.0232       224.4394
Taiwan                     BP       133.4769 140.1168 153.788        165.7215
Taiwan                     CDIAC    124.4629 136.5922 146.7098       158.1428
Taiwan                     EIA      127.9941 134.5387 143.0568       163.2914
Taiwan                     IEA-R    121.9597 134.7668 143.6881       156.4861
Taiwan                     IEA-S    123.0397 132.2268 141.8281       153.8561
Thailand                   BP       88.32283 98.72343 108.9388       124.3091
Thailand                   CDIAC    95.75565 116.0603 126.7459        142.459
Thailand                   EIA      92.88166 101.853 111.595         127.9463
Thailand                   IEA-R    90.34187 98.81622 109.2197       124.3999
Thailand                   IEA-S    87.60187 96.80622 106.7897       122.1899
Turkey                     BP        143.549 145.4292 159.7084       170.4394
Turkey                     CDIAC    141.4769 144.7859 146.5265       159.7882
Turkey                     EIA      141.6592 150.2714 152.3602       160.1869
Turkey                     IEA-R    150.3499 148.6615 153.0784       158.9702
Turkey                     IEA-S    140.8099 144.6915 152.0984       158.2702
Ukraine                    BP       698.8172 623.7335 565.1484       464.0893
Ukraine                    CDIAC              Not
                                   Not Available Available 600.141   514.6788
Ukraine                    EIA                Not
                                   Not Available Available545.9595   504.3684
Ukraine                    IEA-R      690.04      673.63 594.7286    515.2255
Ukraine                    IEA-S      680.88      623.44 546.4186    472.5755
United Kingdom             BP       582.2044 588.3384 575.6051       566.8507
United Kingdom             CDIAC    569.4988 577.0548 566.1672       549.1579
United Kingdom             EIA      612.5538 619.5383 585.6487       591.2303
United Kingdom             IEA-R    573.8352 584.487 570.5057        560.0645
United Kingdom             IEA-S    564.9552 572.097 556.7557        545.2545
United States of America   BP       5105.413 5073.335 5173.867       5291.512
United States of America   CDIAC     4816.28 4839.503 4860.085       5156.681
United States of America   EIA      5082.229 5042.427 5145.666       5255.025
United States of America   IEA-R    4903.097 4899.24 4973.085        5123.513
United States of America   IEA-S    4894.107 4865.75 4935.715        5086.053
1994        1995        1996        1997        1998        1999        2000        2001        2002        2003
 79.67576    84.45463    82.81291    78.57787    81.38401    81.66884    78.35215    78.22453    82.09398    84.54245
 86.29038    94.62333    96.49953     87.9064    107.0641    117.2146    116.7676    113.6125    120.3881    121.4141
 87.27244    91.47212    87.88316    84.38655    88.62055    88.32448    87.78928    83.31953     86.2018    86.22559
 77.59617    82.47183    79.34064    79.64378    82.54266    86.58155    86.13776    83.46905    88.61841    93.63494
 74.95617    78.24183    76.23064    77.08378    78.98266    82.44155    81.85776    80.82905    86.36841    90.43494
 285.1433    295.6135    304.2303    317.3359    327.4661    334.6248    336.6681    343.5105    354.8899    352.6243
 305.7782    309.7225    329.0514    332.8924    348.7355    327.8765    329.2726    322.3967    336.6264    338.4843
 287.4516    295.0518    308.0311    338.0568    344.2424    363.1408    364.3518    378.4276    387.0868    385.3324
 278.6094    281.6594    301.2048    311.2437    321.5953    329.4621    334.1677    326.1577    339.5934    342.0469
 275.0594    283.2494    299.1748    314.3437    330.5253    337.5521    343.1977    345.5277    350.4934    352.0569
 264.3031    278.6021    300.5526    319.3076    330.0758    341.5289    345.0641    352.4895    349.7401    339.8805
 234.7078    249.6477    276.4935    288.6778    301.1442    302.9361    307.5606    315.9999     312.427    300.7228
   282.44    303.9857    324.9317     345.444    345.1883    357.0904    365.7777    369.3667    366.8489    363.8227
 249.7427    266.8324    292.7812    309.6955    320.1052    329.9101    334.9788    340.8695    341.4525     330.348
  236.736    255.2557    278.6946    297.9998     308.681    319.5769    329.7971    338.9102    336.3987    326.2083
  470.236    479.3788    497.8452    507.4721     519.476    516.2373     524.752    540.5957    547.3894    568.3136
 427.8747    428.7838    435.7599    453.7209    446.8951    457.2445    518.7472    505.8054    501.9408    532.6033
 504.7809    516.5066    528.4693     554.729    559.4317    574.6734    572.1124    560.4916    580.7202    609.8662
 451.5551    461.8638    472.9191    492.3196    507.5573    514.4864    518.0527    511.8344    518.2511    547.3998
 460.0951    471.1338    487.0891    503.4296    508.4473    519.4264    541.0827    533.5344    542.6611    565.5298
 3090.386    3326.103    3503.505    3468.265    3303.207    3375.178    3474.053    3575.462    3787.232    4455.462
 2958.894    3198.483    3340.509    3289.262    3107.784    3255.919    3338.127    3420.328    3626.717    4269.069
  3065.67    3140.565     3181.77     3388.16    3296.316    3277.679    3264.039    3437.425    3801.911     4491.27
 2938.139    3195.488    3326.772    3313.367    3312.613    3337.743    3352.984    3339.997    3682.734    4331.551
 2954.849    3223.018    3404.982    3355.347    3423.183    3331.863    3335.224    3413.267    3669.914    4259.351
 369.8368    378.4485    393.2988    385.3046    409.1417    408.5357    406.7216    405.2756    399.1687     405.931
 340.2436    362.4544    377.2964    349.0559    379.2483    363.9515    361.0198    376.7417    373.1111    374.2323
 375.4004    386.3274    404.3728    398.1596    423.1059    417.7989     416.529    420.3022    416.5849    423.0433
 343.3622    357.3334    380.0554    357.7374    385.0581    375.2072    369.0869    388.8967    384.3551    394.2651
 358.3422    367.1234    380.6154    373.9574    396.3581    389.7072    389.3069    397.2767    388.2451    396.9751
 889.7614    882.6875    903.5176    883.6445    878.8289    848.3898    857.9628    870.7583    857.6715    865.9927
 849.4801    838.0378    867.5321    843.0771    834.4817    799.6342    806.0056     834.913    814.5475    819.9935
 900.8329    908.7919    914.6781    914.9457    898.6985    865.4158    882.2113    903.9131    882.2151    898.6178
 896.1711     895.438    920.5394    897.4344    892.0996    856.1618    862.2874    889.6027     864.484    867.4669
 899.9011     898.578    920.4194    894.2144    886.4796    855.4318    849.3174    867.9127     854.574    864.4569
   754.96     817.321    886.2618     930.263    950.9992    973.7327     1032.86     1052.22     1107.61    1143.328
 856.7659    911.7985    993.6916    1036.133    1064.108      1133.3    1160.911    1178.728    1218.773    1267.979
  768.919    909.3316    872.5409    917.6915    956.5395    1015.966    1059.686    1087.746    1090.836    1109.413
 770.4733    831.0893    876.5531    921.3783    938.4437    1016.598    1028.176    1051.373    1088.167    1119.119
 753.7933    813.8193    863.7431    909.5883    915.0637    981.6777    1018.866    1033.683    1067.837    1096.379
 193.6536    208.4351    227.2275    242.4976    229.7739    249.2238    270.4541    295.8461    307.8661     306.642
 223.2381      225.51    280.7809    288.6631    216.1254    246.1262    280.0407    316.0695    331.4492    344.7071
 221.3923    226.7277    249.6393    260.7107     252.103    277.5134    287.7811    315.7761    332.1475    323.1369
 216.7167    238.2875    247.1424    269.0336    258.8218     277.648    286.3016     316.174    328.6935    336.8144
 203.8467    215.1075    233.1724    260.8136    256.0718     272.528    286.5416     313.324    323.6935    331.7844
 244.596   268.8839   285.6045   295.0458   296.2126   316.8368   336.4491    352.981   379.0213   405.1394
290.8288   279.0659   290.9973   293.8373   315.9376   320.2983   341.2845   358.8372   369.0097   397.8856
258.8359   270.3856   272.1536   300.3572   305.2778   328.3004   332.5901    347.524   379.3212   402.0952
266.2103   274.0111   278.5425   271.0257   302.4342   317.4004   339.8135   357.0615   367.0921   397.0645
273.3503   279.9411   289.1225   300.7657   306.3542   325.3004   340.8335   356.5715   370.7421   395.4845
400.9902   425.6077   419.8876   423.3585   434.6749   444.5199    453.559   455.0755    457.802   474.1718
387.1027   410.9797   405.4011   407.9339   418.1371    423.623   430.7109   431.7171   435.8816   451.3941
421.0532   449.4555   441.3372    441.974   459.8555   460.8117   469.2404   466.9375   475.4317   500.5546
390.4931   427.7615   422.1973   426.1852   436.9093   437.2397   447.4596   447.5156   451.6518   469.3659
404.8531   427.4815   423.5873   427.6152   439.3393   440.2997   445.1996   446.9856   454.6718   474.4459
1213.373   1233.214   1252.108   1250.206    1213.61    1240.57   1269.986   1264.609   1262.156    1310.86
1136.437   1135.702   1168.032    1171.96   1135.397   1183.102   1207.241   1190.658   1205.695   1230.183
1173.358   1166.053   1186.955   1209.102   1159.106   1200.729   1247.143   1238.517   1242.586   1291.371
1203.483   1207.947   1238.332    1237.15   1201.402   1235.608   1263.375   1245.261   1260.378    1280.96
1170.413   1186.057   1202.092    1195.89   1159.122   1196.968   1212.555   1195.401   1229.958    1237.33
184.4035     158.65   143.2702   126.8283    123.854   109.4413   126.6945   129.3105   133.5304   145.6895
196.8687   165.5194   138.6297   127.8965   122.2936   114.2245   127.1893   147.0689   151.9133   162.0382
169.1726   141.4139    142.899   120.4275   116.5845   133.8057   144.0332   148.7008   154.8349   167.1887
192.8267   170.2945    148.737   128.2098   128.9105   117.6877   128.4963   129.2414   139.3627   151.7926
186.2667   163.4045    141.417   117.7898   121.5505   107.8477   117.4563   118.2514   127.8327   138.7626
386.9376   420.8914   461.0956    505.045   452.4572   487.4638   519.6177   533.9654   557.7601   572.9205
343.1879    375.983    404.135   425.7691   363.2225   398.2917   437.6672   447.8452   465.4912   466.6354
380.5088   413.8813   435.0689   467.3638   400.7409   460.2366   475.9214   483.0554   500.8716    512.913
 355.551    388.966   421.3814   452.4995   387.2787   426.4185   461.7649    468.587   496.3966   498.6588
 356.161    389.456   419.4614   445.1395   382.0387   417.4885   450.3249    463.587   471.4866   483.9888
307.4004   292.3287   307.2151   328.6824   346.7877   350.7252   363.9597   362.2134   360.5638   375.6691
386.8629   367.4927   370.7943   388.1638   390.2928   377.9437   379.6696   390.9451   381.8023    397.182
351.4206   333.5561   345.5484   363.4832   385.4173   378.4877   399.9977   396.2966   400.4006   405.8099
346.1707   326.8031   341.9267   360.9438   380.5867   383.9866   385.4109   389.6738   397.1909   405.2258
341.5807   325.8831   336.5367   354.4638   376.3467   370.1366   386.1409   381.8038   384.0509   390.8358
 341.102   340.4821    352.691   343.7883   324.4014    313.802   302.5503   301.6056   296.1962   301.8057
341.4272   350.3823   364.3057   351.4235   326.0873   315.7745   303.0166   304.5228   298.2956    307.075
335.3166   321.3969   357.2196   349.1671   325.7078   338.9385   304.5254   286.7071   284.2023   297.2696
337.0228   346.8231   359.7751   353.5455   327.4008   318.7003   302.2675   301.8701   297.8464   305.4681
338.2928   339.9831   355.3551   345.3155   322.1608   313.1003   300.3975   297.4601   286.5264   297.7481
1704.512   1610.371   1547.703   1454.478   1442.863   1466.342   1495.593   1487.992   1504.768   1531.193
1573.467   1514.465   1500.995   1461.115   1435.972   1432.804   1448.828   1443.078   1431.572       1489
1751.373   1667.231   1638.031   1505.213   1504.743   1586.146   1612.154   1602.747   1605.233   1658.844
1682.307   1620.779   1602.342   1519.746   1476.218   1528.297   1554.572   1553.183   1542.848   1586.523
1642.977   1627.649   1592.832   1482.186   1464.838   1507.947   1551.872   1547.973   1536.548   1569.853
261.4036   253.0934   266.8954   274.0734   289.0254   291.1275   304.2417   312.9802   321.3583   342.2546
321.7311   244.1987   268.1422   227.3899    212.384   225.2389   294.8487   314.7576    333.864   335.8831
247.4079    243.149   258.2702   262.7884   266.0468   272.1759   299.5649   311.6116   322.5888   358.7196
222.9684    222.222   237.4983   235.5689   249.5957   255.3987   267.1295   273.5048   298.9396   300.2832
211.1684    210.852   225.7583   228.2589   241.8257   247.6787   259.2795   266.0648   284.7296   297.2832
332.7359   351.1906   369.0048   380.1281   376.9244   373.9793   374.5813   371.0802   383.9259   407.4808
358.4012   353.0034   357.0893     370.23   372.0659   370.8786   368.4161   362.5493   347.5031   380.6773
354.9875   355.9702    360.797   393.3073    373.878   385.0825   395.6429   403.2058    389.473   422.6566
323.1593   339.6319   341.8653    346.571   346.5034   348.7899   355.0523   349.8252   332.7771   379.7267
261.8793   281.2719   290.6553    304.311   313.9834   295.2599   302.5123   287.7752   298.9971   325.1967
243.3604   256.8349   253.5636   277.7176   294.3173   315.2795   328.6279   331.8009   349.2886   355.3286
218.6451   234.3136   235.3674   243.4798    253.101   275.8432   282.1172     283.32   303.4164    309.103
261.3008   265.3234   258.3245   287.3191   299.5545   327.6293   346.7967   352.3507   370.5623   380.0965
241.0261    251.631   241.8971   262.2783     272.33   292.3422   305.0785   308.5584   324.4239   334.8701
235.8361    249.011   237.5871   256.7983     267.54   288.8622   304.6385   307.8184   325.3939   334.6501
175.7655   186.0225   193.4371   210.2521   219.9798   246.6936   267.8814   271.0506   280.7215   301.1165
163.6029   174.5742   183.4239   196.1945   195.8573   199.2469   208.1552   214.2528   224.2128   231.9124
  174.26   194.5784   208.9876   221.1785   234.7049   233.1984   260.9122   258.1327   283.4671   301.5355
161.6731   172.4822   180.7632   194.7158   205.5451   212.9298    226.188   238.6229   247.6385   264.0051
162.4831   169.8722   177.7832   187.9558   199.4951   207.3398    223.718   231.6829   241.0685   257.5651
139.0403   159.5517   178.0242   183.6578   166.1002   172.1457    175.419   181.4248   197.2345   212.9055
158.1685   181.3351   202.5706   209.9178   186.2418   196.8211   201.4163   216.9462   230.4863   246.0089
142.8637   162.5036   189.5094   195.2383   173.7777   184.1168   174.5713   186.0782    202.955   222.0811
138.2696   160.8515   180.9716   184.1181   162.9831    173.605   174.7783   188.5102   203.2064   216.5515
136.7896   158.6615   178.0516   180.8081   159.9231    170.165   170.5583   180.9602   195.2864   204.6115
162.8223   174.2662   193.1943   203.9094   211.2821   207.6064   227.9158   210.6661   214.5176   226.4011
156.4792   170.9281   188.1986    198.045   202.0722   199.8186   222.0072   200.2011   208.3948   220.5141
154.7203    169.808   186.6691   200.3377   203.3978   198.8515   220.3075   199.5595   211.2318   224.1166
158.1681    173.783    190.909   201.6495   204.0668   200.0727   221.5605   199.1369   208.5408   220.8631
156.0181    171.953    189.219   198.5495   201.1968   198.2927   220.4605   199.2869   210.4408   221.3031
388.8753   358.8773   323.0015   324.5267   311.4169   321.2546   320.2532   320.5513   316.0553   317.2662
422.2065   428.7879    396.559   327.3047   313.6546   316.9196   304.2516    305.241   311.6245   337.1657
420.9402   427.7701   368.8365   346.6401   336.0174   330.4887   329.4774   321.5335   330.1502   361.8492
426.2699    424.549   368.2592   352.2195    336.345   333.8059   328.4557   328.5812   334.2582    359.434
392.4799    380.609   335.5792   319.1495    300.195   296.8159   288.4357   293.4312   297.0082    319.604
556.5826   551.6219   568.3382   547.8607   553.1803   543.1295   553.3728   565.2913   549.0434    561.168
548.1503   551.8864   567.2158   541.9241   546.4021   536.8776   546.8808   557.5923   541.8819   552.6717
581.5609   569.0945    598.231   575.9242   571.1951   566.3702   568.4207   583.5814   572.5843   584.1862
559.8448   553.0563   567.7596   542.4557    545.723   544.5672   558.5692   562.7826   541.9995   553.6154
540.4248   537.9563   554.4896   530.9857    535.223   529.8472   533.6992   552.8426   536.6495   550.6554
 5385.79   5447.612    5634.92    5719.48   5753.257   5831.201   5998.201   5869.838   5915.204    5962.22
5231.583   5229.959   5332.439   5471.104   5419.801   5500.579   5684.259   5620.891   5681.104   5668.855
5337.029   5391.599   5578.303   5662.947   5689.977   5759.176   5942.283   5838.839   5902.275   5957.233
5203.096   5200.215   5347.975   5485.648   5499.861   5593.208   5778.086   5711.907   5771.835   5771.698
5162.026   5163.395   5345.175   5492.088   5532.731   5579.268   5750.176   5673.307   5703.465   5764.638
2004        2005
 85.93507    87.87008
 119.7614    137.5523
 84.67599    92.71559
  93.6017    95.06087
  90.0417    94.97087
  361.306    362.7818
 341.2187    369.3635
 395.7198    421.8338
   343.81      372.62
   359.08      381.65
  351.442    360.0281
 318.0849    325.5274
 374.4088      389.17
 345.8396    352.8882
 344.0681     352.366
 582.0794      586.45
 531.1888    538.0889
 622.3029    639.7814
 546.9772    551.1302
 560.5372    559.2902
 5121.442    5635.665
 5037.917    5548.433
  5330.74    5946.757
 5140.714    5644.293
 5030.334    5577.323
 409.8024    411.2287
 376.9665    381.9185
 430.9577    429.1467
 395.4473    397.7349
 397.1073    398.9849
 855.8924    835.0387
 811.3337    787.8679
 895.9827    871.6258
 861.1036     836.781
 868.0736     831.161
 1242.156    1313.702
 1336.625     1402.53
 1216.115    1266.276
 1212.999    1264.829
 1176.979    1221.409
 327.6374    339.1079
 384.3931    419.6451
 341.2359    341.9507
  359.222    375.5452
  348.742    366.4552
430.1857   455.8684
422.7415   451.6283
422.6818   462.0451
422.2884   449.8381
421.7184   451.4381
 479.708   481.1814
453.6299   455.2134
  495.76   498.9605
471.1268   474.3263
473.4668   477.1263
1311.888   1324.946
 1257.11   1234.067
1295.309   1288.207
1303.727   1284.422
1234.857   1248.892
155.8109   169.2097
 177.623   180.9467
187.1979   205.2851
161.6949   171.8825
146.7949   156.7225
585.8228   596.0255
 476.951   458.7733
522.3424   528.7542
508.7566   486.0508
491.0866   474.5208
376.8441   390.0679
399.0948   421.5689
402.1883   424.4715
415.3012   447.0678
394.2412   410.6078
307.1189   304.4949
309.8982   304.5168
302.9452   298.1963
304.0525   307.4828
302.4725   302.1128
1567.962   1594.768
1488.295   1519.036
1702.685   1738.384
1610.416   1618.225
1588.356   1608.315
371.2261   391.8267
360.9553   381.1574
  401.42   418.5307
316.1621   336.5452
314.8921   333.0552
430.4021   415.9781
415.0828   408.8423
453.8351   444.2363
421.1126   412.0787
343.6726   336.8187
371.5745   386.8813
330.9898   344.6034
394.8094   409.9855
354.9999   366.6688
352.9099   366.8588
 312.104   320.3738
243.5145   247.8967
298.4041   302.3801
278.7546   285.7823
267.2446   273.2523
232.0741   240.8021
  267.97   270.9272
243.4121    261.552
238.5942   245.5456
224.8042   233.1656
236.8294   254.0588
226.0924   248.0135
230.4599   252.6671
229.1773   239.9171
229.2273   240.2571
324.9777   323.1682
328.5872   327.1691
351.8841   355.9198
344.7241    341.212
307.4641    302.892
569.3361     570.77
557.7925   550.4325
591.6271   594.3199
553.8848   545.5665
550.7848   535.6065
 6077.45   6110.535
5759.502   5804.655
6047.216   6072.094
5874.697   5919.043
5846.147   5873.733
Energy Intensity (Harmonized Assumptions)
Energy Intensity Units             Megajoules (MJ) per GDP (US$2000 [MER])

These data utilize the following harmonized assumptions:
Energy Units                          Exajoules (EJ)
Primary Energy Equivalence*           WEC Convention Substitution Equivalent (.386)
Energy Sources Included**             Commercial Fuels and Modern Renewables (from IEA) Only

Primary Energy per GDP (2000US$ [MER])            1990            1991       1992         1993         1994
Algeria                           IEA              21.54641284        23.023 23.22424       23.8197     23.15237
Algeria                           EIA              27.69125245     31.24759 29.46554       27.92616     28.94227
Algeria                           BP               25.36132508     25.46505 25.50437       24.25906     24.92415
Australia                         IEA                 12.251198    12.22011 12.49976       12.61874     12.15537
Australia                         EIA              13.35149053     12.92256 13.55889       13.50265     13.11178
Australia                         BP               12.55839323     12.66639 12.82853       12.77452     12.69538
Brazil                            IEA              9.974621812     10.28217 10.55499        10.5135     10.44914
Brazil                            EIA              11.07546557     11.39739 11.66748       11.59408     11.48767
Brazil                            BP               10.27473676     10.49845 10.87134       10.71534     10.54483
Canada                            IEA              18.38127547     18.80944 19.14819       19.29406     18.89784
Canada                            EIA              20.02909943     20.67939 21.24262       21.19108     20.84603
Canada                            BP               19.00057611     19.60484 19.96366       20.01162     19.69427
China                             IEA              64.04875982     57.90553 52.8921        49.91807     46.71889
China                             EIA              63.58703824     60.88111 55.28321       51.87876     49.85707
China                             BP               64.45114028     62.01223 56.56326       53.35546     49.91367
France                            IEA              8.122948307     8.448749 8.259715        8.43684     8.047952
France                            EIA              8.423558789     8.915186 8.831358       8.914336     8.710986
France                            BP               8.356146808     8.731995 8.70628        8.778107     8.440023
Germany                           IEA              9.440146576     8.800028 8.444813       8.440476     8.200174
Germany                           EIA             Not Available    9.136526 8.758837       8.852612     8.576345
Germany                           BP               9.473591289     8.777913 8.474172       8.480271     8.204291
India                             IEA              30.33867057     31.69752 31.66116       31.20151     31.13195
India                             EIA              30.22494248     31.79565 31.91727       32.00009        32.137
India                             BP               29.90162907     31.39638 31.3908        30.78396     30.56621
Indonesia                         IEA              22.38855949     22.17242 22.13234          21.929    21.59762
Indonesia                         EIA              21.31626987     20.34753 20.5818        22.28238     22.16337
Indonesia                         BP                20.4460618     20.16998 20.24965       19.99491     19.43236
Iran                              IEA              41.05243771     40.03392 39.34881       43.18408     47.58734
Iran                              EIA              46.43297106        42.947 42.72916      45.02227     47.91018
Iran                              BP               41.69571832     38.17463 38.37924       40.33973     44.04428
Italy                             IEA              6.659567786     6.788214 6.680145       6.699272      6.49513
Italy                             EIA              7.386720994     7.418988 7.312439       7.349653     7.095755
Italy                             BP               6.937752431     6.976547 6.938705       6.849875     6.698199
Japan                             IEA              4.498044966     4.411665 4.443141          4.4697    4.614688
Japan                             EIA              4.603198522     4.570623 4.550933       4.567562     4.718039
Japan                             BP               4.414527136     4.420413 4.424712       4.475712     4.599495
Kazakhstan                        IEA              118.4594258     136.1893 150.9585       138.0862     141.2384
Kazakhstan                        EIA             Not Available   Not Available161.1215    151.0243     135.2498
Kazakhstan                        BP                118.496733     131.1243 139.5798       136.2109     138.2124
Korea                             IEA              13.51415611     13.26365 13.95032       14.79272     14.62797
Korea                             EIA              14.03543545     14.53035      15.287       16.095    16.08453
Korea                             BP               13.30993595     13.71439 14.55846       15.04075     14.97471
Mexico                            IEA              11.83475195     11.79739 11.66162       11.43469     11.29743
Mexico                            EIA              12.64794952     12.52801 12.30931       12.07742     12.01792
Mexico                            BP               10.40167461     10.32311 10.18617       10.01099     10.13916
Poland           IEA    34.69586495     36.99479 35.45058      34.70249   31.38505
Poland           EIA    35.28421887     37.23786 35.98424      35.81156   32.74036
Poland           BP     37.49325617     38.60055 35.38266      34.72506   32.73595
Russia           IEA    95.89257294     97.49403 104.5101      110.4627   111.2527
Russia           EIA   Not Available   Not Available114.5678   117.5172   123.1308
Russia           BP        94.609809    98.39759 109.5975      112.6223   117.5135
Saudi Arabia     IEA    17.81224503     19.38822 20.54176      21.37884   22.46083
Saudi Arabia     EIA    24.50261247     23.47684 23.49212      24.25834   24.83912
Saudi Arabia     BP     24.69009246      24.0344 22.72891      23.45263   25.27287
South Africa     IEA    30.36727467     32.22563 30.47474      32.04212    32.8492
South Africa     EIA    33.41573071     35.23601 36.85959      36.26489   38.32275
South Africa     BP     34.17399212     34.23427 33.96837      34.56029   35.49583
Spain            IEA    8.402670887     8.568106 8.593791      8.402906   8.734823
Spain            EIA    9.444133217     9.699306 9.571226      9.409201   9.536808
Spain            BP     8.617353238     8.564727 8.706079       8.68207   8.763263
Taiwan           IEA    11.74735962     11.78592 11.49345      11.39852   11.23286
Taiwan           EIA    12.25934871     11.76385 11.49396      11.87962   11.88166
Taiwan           BP     12.33448759     11.93978 11.93778      11.80611   11.76424
Thailand         IEA     15.7718524     15.86723 16.0994       16.61325   17.08527
Thailand         EIA    16.54687641     16.67104 16.52796      17.50337    17.8754
Thailand         BP     15.53156027     16.12341 16.22026      16.84637   17.32584
Turkey           IEA    10.94960788     10.72094 10.66288      10.75953   11.03605
Turkey           EIA    11.03710368     11.45314 11.23195      11.39394   11.47519
Turkey           BP     10.65203382     10.68459 11.20488      11.44158   11.45228
Ukraine          IEA    145.1530853     157.0098 150.8577      155.6184   171.6261
Ukraine          EIA   Not Available   Not Available149.2948   165.7562   183.4382
Ukraine          BP     158.0929781     157.4648 153.0691      150.6348   167.2171
United Kingdom   IEA    7.735844498     8.076645 8.031847      7.915523   7.639662
United Kingdom   EIA    8.386570746     8.671537 8.395856      8.452154   8.059479
United Kingdom   BP     7.791098971     8.061332 7.988828      7.888788   7.460947
United States    IEA    11.15696401     11.25883 11.04317      11.04352   10.80086
United States    EIA    12.07452769     12.07219 11.86947      11.78867   11.53123
United States    BP     11.74047378     11.74858 11.54979      11.48726   11.23817
1995         1996        1997         1998        1999        2000        2001        2002         2003        2004
 23.15541      21.5876    22.04327     21.66505    22.42594    22.30008    21.85592    22.17313     22.14876    21.16163
 29.29266     27.28929    25.66676     25.44108    24.62699    23.85189    23.56265    22.88268     21.66907    20.09209
 24.96374     24.00126     22.4443     22.23167    21.79694    20.52807    20.76974    20.57011      20.1276    19.80702
 11.79194     12.05131    11.88503      11.6927     11.3771     11.1364    10.69855    10.62567     10.43661    10.05644
 12.92383     12.95907    13.48022     13.00023    12.96573    12.56013    12.74425    12.55346     12.17257    11.86173
 12.57724     12.41648    12.42131     12.21709    11.87459    11.49856    11.50572    11.41359     11.05933    10.84301
 10.61481     11.13519    11.44074     11.88547     12.0848    11.96037    11.49528    11.45186     11.38004    11.30647
 11.67476     12.11032    12.42201     12.84038    13.05718     12.9483    12.65332    12.51531     12.42017    12.31759
 10.63905      11.0496    11.31866     11.73494    11.99265    11.80275    11.44635    11.42908     11.41229    11.22472
 18.65414     18.90896    18.37295     17.43023    17.00855    16.39911     15.7723       15.629    15.91643    15.70893
 20.59122     20.81707    20.25481     19.03107    18.86306    17.93707    17.57123    17.60277     17.76816    17.65842
 19.35514     19.77491    18.96275     18.03714    17.18527    16.65181    16.37254    16.27792     16.32228    16.24946
 45.82092     43.44411    39.90708     37.02073    34.39384    32.15259    29.81145    30.01999     31.65621    34.36091
 45.97887     42.79913    41.64551     38.01446     35.2357    32.87808    31.53878    31.84434     34.02969    36.43031
  48.3579     46.29861    42.17593     37.33081    35.34543    33.73986    32.22474    31.24136     32.99515    34.71616
 8.154451     8.460726    8.029315     8.017847    7.814205     7.56086    7.704678    7.562404     7.604556    7.526423
  8.78124     9.000954    8.747387      8.63309    8.454024    8.246062    8.246364    8.122538     8.090431    8.088459
 8.486231     8.712962    8.395984      8.32069    8.193614     7.99254    7.952398    7.821715      7.83275    7.748841
 8.139022     8.323856    8.060277     7.851523    7.540717    7.350496    7.459108     7.29242     7.332683    7.270557
 8.603119     8.574344     8.39058     8.209529    7.920293    7.733101    7.816498    7.646484      7.82717    7.829545
 8.103565     8.287594    7.999465     7.772588    7.487921    7.317169    7.358918    7.254025     7.328068     7.23945
 31.06254     30.12155    30.56484     29.67362    29.80634    29.16368    28.11012       27.877    26.64315    26.69882
 34.42853     30.87676    31.27344     30.77725    30.59079    30.48339    29.94672    28.71809     27.32075    27.46822
 30.70766     30.48228    30.81854     30.08186    28.77056    29.15639     28.0453     28.2497     26.81109    27.03854
 21.91367      21.5154       21.808    24.21978    26.19019    25.59914    26.27831    25.75238      25.2596    25.52275
 21.36043      21.4211    21.24162     23.65245    25.86446    25.49688    27.01185    26.90667      26.0351    27.01403
 19.42763     19.67566    19.70827     21.69149    23.94394    24.42897    25.13072    24.77417     23.53731    23.85476
 47.81724     45.18077    43.38964     47.31743    48.18412    48.92583    49.51992    48.44473      48.4716    49.91901
 48.44542     46.85403    50.76235     51.07536    52.90607    52.19492     54.0651    54.91863     53.76552    52.97753
 47.63993     47.40025    48.29704     47.93977    49.83458    50.43583    51.29001    52.72664     51.80193    53.49181
  6.80797     6.759839    6.710488     6.784994    6.752793    6.631829    6.542367    6.484773     6.676957       6.6704
 7.239935     7.208174    7.179648      7.27265    7.246732    7.061364    6.954367    6.951135     7.196905     7.15944
 6.836894     6.791183    6.729459     6.820951     6.89973    6.769271    6.682688    6.615014     6.817094     6.85179
     4.633    4.626784    4.611511     4.648475    4.718806     4.65679     4.57487    4.570822      4.49764    4.509492
 4.748068     4.715373    4.751971     4.764995    4.899222    4.880949    4.827836    4.780676     4.752654    4.765038
 4.654844     4.602888    4.590151     4.621411    4.671087    4.618946    4.593905    4.557393      4.50261    4.457629
 137.9543     119.2937    102.1159     103.8006    92.31183    90.62962     78.9794    78.74847     77.98079    75.82753
 122.1535     125.5146    106.3612     104.3189    112.2836    106.8226    101.4376     95.2425     91.75318    87.75171
 132.3808     118.1117    102.9106     101.6001    88.78669    93.82656    85.16529    80.87575     80.50389    78.49273
 14.67969     14.97829    15.57986     15.24813    15.35671    15.15487    14.79518    14.53306     14.39184     14.1188
 16.04059     16.03719    16.69324     16.45988    16.62198    16.00368    15.82321    15.37768     15.44738    15.18653
 15.03897     15.49072    16.23474     16.05813    15.99033    15.60409    15.41067    15.07459     15.10408    14.79763
 11.70657     11.53827    11.12616     11.08494    10.91159    10.28623    10.39111    10.52285     10.59211    10.57442
  12.5723     12.17888    11.72697     11.75053     11.4322    11.23761    11.15879    11.16982     11.29803    10.92058
 10.59843     10.46289    10.31588     10.32018    10.19376    9.867017     9.84194    9.761519     10.00468    9.835716
30.34377    29.8561   27.56457    24.50196    22.78783    20.93196   20.75359    20.2264   19.96881    19.01615
29.69712   31.28402   28.75414    25.84296    25.63576    22.40219   21.07481   20.70503   20.93208    20.38839
30.65998   30.15986   27.55952    25.05775    23.21381    21.61168   21.37501   20.71603   20.26837    19.77317
111.7372   114.4606   108.2003    111.8671    108.6062    100.6211   97.04618   91.86416   88.48236    83.07485
122.7297   124.6553   115.4661    122.5752    119.8167    110.6607   106.1313   102.1004   98.15123    94.45287
116.5175   117.1003    108.989    115.1945       109.97   102.3617   97.62609   94.54611   89.30512    84.68033
 22.4133   23.16894   22.56063    23.31795    23.85347    23.72855   24.56948   27.13153   25.26152     25.7676
24.31431   25.23171   26.15915    26.47313    27.01921    27.16841   28.61261   29.93747   29.75875    30.46049
24.51363   24.85263   24.91898    25.61949    25.95326    25.85863   26.55422   27.29951   27.00075    27.81637
33.55219   32.34475   31.96354     32.2014    31.49637    30.83912   29.42218   27.18486   29.97163    31.69553
37.39758   36.39641   38.79802    36.71013    36.69579    36.27543    35.8994   33.72114   35.22524     35.9135
36.33246   36.70949   36.90677    36.52697    35.39218    34.15033   32.80598   32.83319   33.67611    33.82165
8.838126   8.701132   8.852817    8.879739    8.786293    8.861895   8.892671   8.760738      8.9586   9.006666
9.471119   9.394515   9.686028    9.665064    9.755117    9.928698   9.989482   9.882668   10.06142    10.12607
8.840017   9.004607    9.24742    9.368154    9.315523    9.368985   9.335937   9.246444   9.435906    9.471103
11.21695   11.10141   11.03252    11.18796    10.96894    10.78972   11.83188   11.87669   11.97432    11.92726
12.25265   12.33672   12.12651    12.28562    12.14579    12.22741   12.78893   12.78897   12.95144    12.65504
11.70221   11.43183   11.51386    11.54672    12.22009    12.40381   12.65025   12.50957   12.82402    12.52478
18.02394   19.20653   20.10462    20.87031    21.07865    20.85683   22.08969    22.4085   22.22282    22.82457
18.47977   20.15411    21.7091    22.78298     22.3783    21.98827   22.52621   23.28953   23.69642    23.96557
18.19344   19.11344   20.33801     21.4333    21.02083     20.8728   21.12926    21.8119   22.10003    22.40963
11.39851   11.71493      11.482   11.48179    11.52933    11.71127   11.30396   11.54987   11.57571    11.23763
 11.8627   12.16239   12.04846    12.05239     12.1606    12.41422   12.06864   12.35579   12.40909    12.01953
11.56784   11.96581   11.66417    11.82137    12.01913    12.13906   12.04525   11.92137      12.044   11.74442
194.1618   199.4925   196.8053     190.797    190.6033     177.381   162.8936   156.1392    151.976    135.0037
206.3398   209.1554   206.0066    202.3727    200.4107    189.0675   169.5019   166.4779   164.2221    145.5655
 178.525   190.0063    192.109    188.4323    193.2095    182.6539   166.3036   155.9282   142.4344    132.4318
7.447606   7.551492   7.133815       7.0022   6.842422    6.663482   6.507435   6.208485   6.132044    5.974783
 7.76537   8.029241   7.536955    7.295651    7.097663    6.815169   6.738511   6.525057   6.439726    6.308095
7.274748   7.422764   7.064957    6.933322    6.672739    6.484707   6.435344   6.161085   6.092015    5.953023
10.69218   10.59452   10.24732     9.88599     9.69797    9.599067   9.326053    9.34915    9.08026    8.900032
11.46434   11.41887   11.01106    10.63722    10.35731    10.21684   9.901824   9.870641   9.658114    9.485126
11.18646   11.14451   10.73953    10.37265    10.10525    9.965216   9.657766   9.629339    9.42401    9.248452
2005
 20.92502
 21.58789
 19.68504
 10.54828
 12.19664
 10.61669
 11.31575
  12.3379
  11.2329
 15.56656
 17.53666
 16.07875
 34.18449
 37.10298
 34.61044
  7.39449
 7.982425
 7.606598
  7.10621
 7.609715
 7.070833
 25.55286
 26.19345
 26.17174
 25.29056
 26.77622
 23.38125
 51.62082
 57.49458
 54.35973
 6.722518
 7.166632
 6.850871
 4.384381
 4.648241
 4.397475
 74.68535
 99.58753
 79.09856
 13.52843
 15.03901
 14.69827
 11.00315
 11.17653
 9.872654
18.57563
19.44433
19.03216
78.64543
89.87127
80.35028
 25.8791
 30.9446
27.92228
29.63216
33.02853
30.90691
8.823478
10.01245
9.287814
11.68083
12.55114
12.35659
22.45255
23.98552
22.23136
10.69382
11.84858
11.34945
130.5692
142.3677
128.7907
5.861227
6.189594
5.888125
8.664188
9.208237
8.988379
Carbon Intensity (Harmonized Assumptions)
Carbon Intensity Units                               Grams per Megajoule (MJ)

Please Select an Energy Source for Calculating Carbon Intensity from CDIAC:

These data utilize the following harmonized assumptions:
ENERGY ASSUMPTIONS
Energy Units                                           Exajoules (EJ)
Primary Energy Equivalence*                            WEC Convention Substitution Equivalent (.386)
Energy Sources Included**                              Commercial Fuels and Modern Renewables (from IEA) Only

CARBON ASSUMPTIONS
Carbon Units                                         Tg Carbon Dioxide (Million Metric Tonnes)
Carbon Sources-Cement Production (from CDIAC)        Yes
Carbon Sources-Gas Flaring (from CDIAC and EIA)      Yes
Carbon Sources-Wastes (from IEA-Sectoral)            Yes
Carbon Sources-Combustible Renewables (from IEA)     No

Carbon Intensity (Emissions per unit of Energy)      Source     1990          1991        1992         1993
Algeria                                              BP          66.45342      66.60235    70.56332     71.19737
Algeria                                              CDIAC       65.48115      68.01689    67.69713     74.41609
Algeria                                              EIA         67.22431      62.16273    62.05483     67.05137
Algeria                                              IEA-R       70.07171      69.90946    74.49907     73.01188
Algeria                                              IEA-S       66.63841      66.61941    70.32573      70.9797
Australia                                            BP          72.01041      72.06332     71.8258      71.5774
Australia                                            CDIAC       80.09019      77.64165    79.68467     79.21711
Australia                                            EIA         70.27544      69.84317    69.81124       70.158
Australia                                            IEA-R       73.79141      74.08183    73.71321     73.20404
Australia                                            IEA-S       73.51491      74.39181    73.63613     71.42314
Brazil                                               BP          45.84173      45.53691        45.09    44.75292
Brazil                                               CDIAC       39.09853      40.02055    39.00869     39.53215
Brazil                                               EIA         44.84938      44.79575    42.02582     44.04753
Brazil                                               IEA-R       43.20495      43.60576    42.93072     42.84546
Brazil                                               IEA-S       41.30685      41.35246    40.75675     40.62501
Canada                                               BP           43.6925      42.49976    42.54027     41.65459
Canada                                               CDIAC       41.50779      40.64228     40.5622      40.7645
Canada                                               EIA         44.18196      42.92102    42.76966      42.1491
Canada                                               IEA-R       43.39889      42.24802    42.41169     41.51839
Canada                                               IEA-S       43.92826      43.17993    43.05947     41.74476
China                                                BP          85.09208      85.75809    86.31413     86.44289
China                                                CDIAC       83.73886      83.69634    84.29704     82.64389
China                                                EIA           84.824      85.50134    85.76636     86.12413
China                                                IEA-R       86.95627      87.01316    87.63232     88.01517
China                                                IEA-S        81.3154       87.1622    88.02583     89.06361
France                                               BP           43.0382      42.95451    41.49311     39.46021
France                                               CDIAC       40.10539      41.19812    38.03326     37.23911
France                                               EIA         41.78787       41.6812    40.13723     38.71145
France       IEA-R    42.80768 42.71634 40.27042       38.96032
France       IEA-S     41.5516 42.53069 41.36417       38.78699
Germany      BP       67.03623 65.96852 64.86914       64.47231
Germany      CDIAC   Not Available62.93114 62.00348    61.20333
Germany      EIA     Not Available64.24688 63.36899    63.05574
Germany      IEA-R    68.10689 67.2422 65.8327         65.40817
Germany      IEA-S    67.79044 67.52033 65.47705       65.75535
India        BP       77.22176 76.88247 76.65967       77.02637
India        CDIAC    84.06782 84.8901 85.51513        86.73677
India        EIA      74.32589 74.95271 74.95854       74.86009
India        IEA-R    77.00674 77.26547 76.91508       77.38566
India        IEA-S    75.68948 76.33531 75.41446       75.82296
Indonesia    BP       68.09404 68.96083 68.37752       68.68668
Indonesia    CDIAC     66.9065 74.36571 78.0379        80.06578
Indonesia    EIA      68.02931 68.1178 69.38865        68.86351
Indonesia    IEA-R     66.8687 67.86813 67.98739       68.68822
Indonesia    IEA-S    64.47481      65.888 63.58892    65.26628
Iran         BP       70.54188 70.83755 69.6836        68.02557
Iran         CDIAC    74.47545 74.12092 75.11901       67.95144
Iran         EIA      63.91853 68.85537 68.74266       67.36603
Iran         IEA-R    73.21215 72.2701 70.73648        68.30369
Iran         IEA-S    70.54732 70.69841 73.64711       68.79984
Italy        BP       64.15336 62.96267 62.79249        61.7733
Italy        CDIAC    60.97178 61.51346 61.26867       60.84171
Italy        EIA      63.07692 62.0396 62.2725         61.55047
Italy        IEA-R     64.3272 62.88306 63.10673       62.13799
Italy        IEA-S     67.0072 64.66615 65.11234       64.23904
Japan        BP       61.23924 60.86441 60.9888        59.59696
Japan        CDIAC    59.43976 57.92299 58.35833       56.14468
Japan        EIA        57.796 57.47869 57.38653       56.70821
Japan        IEA-R    60.41809 60.01608 60.13131       59.01248
Japan        IEA-S    59.32438 59.09193 58.57066        58.0382
Kazakhstan   BP       75.13435 74.44218 75.95998       75.44693
Kazakhstan   CDIAC              Not
                     Not Available Available81.54392   77.95817
Kazakhstan   EIA                Not
                     Not Available Available74.97913   75.37498
Kazakhstan   IEA-R    75.60549 75.94482 76.32196       78.35624
Kazakhstan   IEA-S    74.70199 75.3311 74.7201         76.17262
Korea        BP       67.36859 67.16846 67.86103       68.03769
Korea        CDIAC    64.34959 62.46816 59.9922        60.56023
Korea        EIA      65.67658 64.31814 63.48611       63.80039
Korea        IEA-R    66.46676 64.8398 63.17613        63.71493
Korea        IEA-S    63.64584 65.43528 64.67124 63.03808
Mexico       BP       62.32705   62.41727   62.04117   62.28652
Mexico       CDIAC    87.28648   83.43182   86.99129   80.89492
Mexico       EIA      60.10513   59.75783   59.49854   60.14119
Mexico       IEA-R    63.88286   63.94399   63.56094   63.18241
Mexico           IEA-S    62.88319 62.52133 61.98195       61.61057
Poland           BP       84.49962 84.85937 84.81599       84.66479
Poland           CDIAC    79.32424 82.06991 85.99318        87.0858
Poland           EIA       83.0866 83.62428 83.81756       83.75663
Poland           IEA-R    87.43679 88.02497 88.29835       87.55294
Poland           IEA-S    86.81919 87.29631 86.47556       84.69943
Russia           BP       59.46742 58.7355 59.72326        58.53369
Russia           CDIAC              Not
                         Not Available Available58.03994   56.42932
Russia           EIA                Not
                         Not Available Available58.39026   57.81994
Russia           IEA-R    62.28103 60.06591 60.72266       60.37798
Russia           IEA-S    59.14354 58.4664 59.10853        58.97522
Saudi Arabia     BP       62.66306 62.65115 62.53738       62.42564
Saudi Arabia     CDIAC    55.48577 73.08759 79.16701       84.65555
Saudi Arabia     EIA      60.59869 62.8767 62.89655        60.25587
Saudi Arabia     IEA-R    57.16727 58.65634 59.74692       59.62647
Saudi Arabia     IEA-S    64.55653 56.56369 55.9862        57.00874
South Africa     BP       83.91353 83.41738 83.3835         84.0439
South Africa     CDIAC    87.54547 91.72031 88.56256       91.02764
South Africa     EIA       82.2525 82.01118 82.56418        82.6452
South Africa     IEA-R    87.54644 87.37869 87.33052        88.5013
South Africa     IEA-S     76.7364 72.02912 77.64522       73.15988
Spain            BP       61.21837 60.2437 61.53227        60.14022
Spain            CDIAC    55.86842 56.0309 56.98054        52.92516
Spain            EIA      60.34349 59.81953 61.11379        59.8407
Spain            IEA-R     60.8769 59.96582 61.30312       59.36156
Spain            IEA-S    59.82087 58.87066 61.24189       59.17699
Taiwan           BP       63.29387 63.80141 64.94256       66.19648
Taiwan           CDIAC    59.01952 62.19653 61.95352       63.16924
Taiwan           EIA      61.06597 62.17767 62.74359       64.82215
Taiwan           IEA-R    60.72297 62.16643 63.02327       64.74264
Taiwan           IEA-S     61.2607 60.99476 62.20746       63.65454
Thailand         BP       71.65675 71.07217 72.12768       73.20517
Thailand         CDIAC    77.68703 83.55321 83.91765       83.89362
Thailand         EIA      70.73155 70.91655 72.51081       72.51893
Thailand         IEA-R    72.17812 72.28752 72.85659       74.28664
Thailand         IEA-S    69.98901 70.81713 71.23562       72.96691
Turkey           BP       72.03057 72.23139 72.01392        69.9134
Turkey           CDIAC    70.99084 71.91187 66.07009       65.54434
Turkey           EIA      68.60233 69.62802 68.53495       65.98261
Turkey           IEA-R    73.39287 73.58645 72.53286       69.34239
Turkey           IEA-S    68.73594 71.62132 72.06851       69.03706
Ukraine          BP        61.3207 59.99659 61.9289        60.24758
Ukraine          CDIAC              Not
                         Not Available Available65.76339   66.81505
Ukraine          EIA                Not
                         Not Available Available61.33867   59.50337
Ukraine          IEA-R    65.94838 64.98388 66.12566       64.74403
Ukraine          IEA-S    65.07294 60.14214 60.75425       59.38457
United Kingdom   BP       65.81824 65.1668 64.19073         62.5878
United Kingdom             CDIAC   64.38187   63.91699   63.13822   60.63428
United Kingdom             EIA     64.33235   63.79374   62.14454   60.92851
United Kingdom             IEA-R   65.33547   64.61745   63.28128   61.62965
United Kingdom             IEA-S   64.32441   63.24768   61.75611   59.99996
United States of America   BP      61.63796    61.3275   61.56536   61.64905
United States of America   CDIAC   58.14724    58.5009   57.83158   60.07819
United States of America   EIA     59.66052   59.31995   59.58071   59.65859
United States of America   IEA-R   62.29131   61.79913   61.89102   62.09027
United States of America   IEA-S   62.17709   61.37669   61.42595   61.63631
                                    BP          BP
            BP                      EIA         Energy Information Administration
                                    IEA         International Energy Agency




(from IEA) Only




            1994        1995        1996        1997         1998             1999        2000        2001        2002         2003
             70.65397    72.03562    70.57431    70.83137     70.46864         69.88917    69.66281    66.99815    67.80768     66.75892
              76.5196    80.70902    82.23824    79.24026     92.70449          100.308    103.8179    97.30742    99.43768     95.87461
             66.64618    66.49106    65.87128    66.51717     67.05446         66.89889    67.17644    62.90331    64.00497     63.24444
             74.07567    75.83794     75.1751    73.09831     73.34112         72.01515    70.49939    67.93713    67.90489     67.19159
             71.55545    71.94819    72.22838     70.7487     70.17798         68.57166    66.99643    65.78838     66.1808      64.8953
             71.61691    71.72768    71.81837    72.05277     72.35386         72.32753    72.27439    72.29006    72.55532     72.12776
              76.7996    75.15108    77.67779    75.58496     77.05336         70.86891    70.68677    67.84677    68.82145     69.23549
             69.90389    69.67142    69.67102    70.72801     71.47866         71.88564    71.60654    71.89867    71.95197     71.60977
             73.08458    72.89314     73.2587    73.85831     74.24341         74.32546    74.07062     73.8168    74.57631     74.13876
             72.15335    73.30463    72.76497    74.59394     76.30499         76.15054    76.07218    78.20066        76.97    76.30843
             44.81419    44.84737    45.62195    45.79032     45.65541         46.08289    45.36388    47.15965     45.6711     43.89093
             39.79613    40.18651    41.96992    41.39785     41.65366         40.87552    40.43349    42.27769    40.79855     38.83424
             43.95898    44.59236    45.00249    45.13832     43.63529         44.25437    43.83267    44.70382    43.74746     43.17016
              42.7332    43.05087    44.10071      43.938     43.71555         44.17573    43.45763    45.41091    44.50016     42.78083
             40.50763    41.18307    41.97888    42.27868     42.15539         42.79208    42.78539    45.14988    43.84153     42.24473
             41.46075    41.83294    41.84461    42.67757     44.12079         43.60655    43.47123    44.74915    44.27155     45.01804
             37.72575    37.41777    36.62624    38.15718     37.95626         38.62343    42.97379     41.8693    40.59578      42.1893
             42.04755     42.3672    42.19488    43.67589     45.03284         44.22499    43.99863      43.231    43.43235     44.37839
             41.49154    41.81909    41.56989    42.73238     44.60951         43.91019    43.57758    43.98077    43.65524     44.46705
             42.27625    42.65843    42.81544    43.69671     44.68773         44.33181    45.51482    45.84541    45.71143     45.93981
             86.60979     86.7582    86.77296    86.27343     86.11505         86.36978    85.91367    85.48371    85.60673     86.68937
             82.92464    83.42934    82.73595     81.8207     81.02035         83.31798     82.5522     81.7747    81.97845     83.06274
             86.01466    86.15724    85.24785    85.35425     84.38994           84.136    82.83579    83.97091    84.31125     84.72945
             87.97386    87.96615    87.80955    87.10619     87.08361         87.77496    87.01308    86.31845    86.63147      87.8431
             88.47419      88.724    89.87389    88.20981     89.99032         87.62033    86.55219    88.21203     86.3299     86.37889
              38.6991    38.56805     38.6096    38.39388     39.74566          39.0146    38.32011    37.67789     37.3468     37.51797
             35.60252    36.93807    37.03867    34.78186      36.8417         34.75688    34.01423    35.02513    34.90881     34.58822
             38.05938    38.04831    38.42659    38.08099     39.61485         38.67021    38.03759    37.68195    37.53277     37.85423
37.67919   37.89785   38.42181   37.27478   38.81895   37.57155   36.75969   37.31762    37.1939   37.53321
39.32303   38.93615   38.47842   38.96484   39.95814   39.02351   38.77352   38.12175   37.57033   37.79119
64.22757   63.31195   62.74336   62.44674   62.64738   61.53897   61.70512   61.50725   61.45887   61.54368
61.31986   60.10939    60.2444   59.57986   59.48608   58.00243   57.96833   58.97527    58.3687   58.27465
 62.2058   61.39929   61.39416    61.6448   60.65408   59.34712   60.03642   60.11144   59.97295   59.79006
64.72273   63.94669   63.64694   62.94277   62.95405   61.66792   61.73497   61.99432   61.62089   61.60965
64.99211   64.17093   63.63864   62.71693   62.55745   61.61534   60.80639   60.48279    60.9145   61.39588
76.65714   76.79412   77.99328   77.81716    76.7466   76.51067   76.98006   77.48744   78.03678    78.3195
86.99431   85.67107   87.44738   86.67327   85.87456   89.04858   86.52382   86.80371   85.86877    86.8583
74.25839   76.20544   75.80479   75.64893   75.44955   75.07914    75.5413   75.01756    75.6015    74.5786
76.81066   77.19564    78.0627   77.71371   76.77526   77.10296   76.61175   77.24654   77.69189    77.1444
75.14778   75.59152   76.92188   76.71928   74.86252   74.45449   75.91804   75.94682   76.24039   75.57686
 67.7756   67.31466   67.31395   68.49934   67.88168   66.17788   67.08868   68.83027   69.52918   69.56637
78.12966   72.82905   83.17863   81.53991   63.84953   65.35536   69.46671   73.53536   74.85524   78.20203
  67.936   66.59677   67.92738     68.328   68.30355   68.21807   68.39682   68.35079   69.06777   66.27532
68.24327   68.22518   66.95322   68.67809   68.48128   67.40231   67.77339   70.34726   71.41315   71.20143
64.19056   61.58841   63.16861   66.57972   67.75367   66.15937    67.8302   69.71315   70.32683   70.13811
68.62291    67.9411   67.72218   66.41385   65.38156   65.99851   65.86104   65.54132    63.6735   64.67474
81.59379   70.51388   69.00092   66.14183   69.73536   66.71956   66.80759    66.6287   61.99161   63.51678
66.75841   67.18461   65.28504   64.32592   63.24577   64.41623    62.9114   61.21592   61.18043   61.84452
 69.1262   68.97991   69.29218   67.90694   67.63283    68.3806   68.57262   68.66883   67.12026   67.74074
70.98022   70.47273   71.92414   75.35846   68.50945   70.08258   68.77845   68.57459   67.78764   67.47118
61.65001   62.34525   61.48168   61.39805   61.31159   60.81352   61.05877   60.96237   61.74367    62.0328
59.51489   60.20245   59.36051   59.16108    58.9789   57.95467   57.98292   57.83325   58.78727   59.05295
61.10769   62.17341   60.88404   60.07863   60.83474   60.02364   60.55681   60.10779   61.02081   62.02841
61.91316   62.92696   62.10652   61.98272   61.95334   61.11915   61.48606   61.23545   62.13762   62.69284
64.18996   62.88577   62.31099    62.1907   62.29791   61.54689   61.17551   61.16293    62.5531   63.37137
 60.5071   59.59705    59.5577   58.71026   57.79042   58.52892    58.9083   58.87015   59.07169   61.23202
56.67055   54.88465   55.55858   55.03578   54.06605   55.81764   55.99789   55.42757   56.42921    57.4635
57.04154   55.24499   55.11181   54.84643   53.53181   54.01136   54.74347   54.86181   55.43958   57.14808
59.81634   58.65126   58.59822   57.82804   56.87605   57.70531   58.12542   58.21061   58.81518   59.90148
58.17267    57.5884   56.88334   55.89942   54.87446   55.90075   55.78729   55.87987   57.39563   57.86121
75.70642   74.07694   74.60441   74.53095   75.14973    73.9903   73.81951   73.13314   72.42736   72.63266
80.82398    77.2844   72.18799   75.15869   74.20294   77.22406   74.10776   83.17664    82.3983    80.7832
70.97478   71.55731   70.02234   68.47361   68.89531   71.53191    73.7121    70.6086   71.31469   73.13181
77.46846   76.30157   76.68374   75.92921   76.55969    76.5271   77.51032   78.81901    77.6328   78.12383
74.83297   73.21446    72.9098   69.75821    72.1886   70.12859   70.85087   72.11666   71.20994   71.41762
68.29987    67.7626    67.3565   67.26692   65.40895    64.6368   65.08274   65.21706   65.10412   64.73811
60.57744   60.53245   59.03574   56.70818   52.50884   52.81274   54.81834   54.69857    54.3341   52.72824
62.53075   62.47316   61.38887   60.53844   56.51863   58.70745   58.12137   57.46085   57.31154   56.66943
64.24734   64.15535   63.66096   62.80171   58.96059   58.87525   59.55098   59.61283    60.1005   59.13534
64.35756 64.23617 63.37089 61.78022 58.16284 57.64229 58.07563 58.97674 57.08456 57.39565
63.77315   61.86514   62.63825 63.6571 63.99568 63.08169 63.4414 63.39738 63.10689 63.29716
80.25842   77.77199   75.60145 75.17709 72.02406 67.97722 66.17976 68.42623 66.82411 66.9219
61.50827   59.50728   60.52715 61.92631 62.46663 60.70056 61.21934 61.17736 61.24359 60.54826
64.45341   62.61414   63.21804 64.81435 65.38745 64.52065 64.44257 64.59916 64.48784 64.4906
 63.5988   62.43787    62.2215   63.65074   64.65899   62.19346   64.56463   63.29449   62.35443   62.20047
84.69835   84.36343   83.62044   83.29761   82.34558   82.26061   81.71521   81.30879   81.21823   81.43503
84.77909   86.81648   86.37421   85.14755   82.77353   82.77768   81.84117   82.09522    81.7939   82.85683
83.25057   82.21653   81.65075   81.08602   80.16513   80.45577   79.34637   78.39336   77.97083   77.66777
 87.2875   86.83011   86.16788   85.64599    84.9921   85.10638   84.28988   83.81682   83.64771   83.65972
87.61642   85.11766   85.10927   83.65228   83.63182   83.61095   83.76842   82.59234   80.46858   81.54541
58.00251   57.65647   57.19601   56.95377   56.44706   56.47649   56.25871   55.84433   55.67272   55.86975
53.54319   54.22273    55.4699   57.21369   56.17747   55.18475   54.49957    54.1587   52.96465   54.33021
56.87827   56.67079    56.8653   55.63415   55.32328   56.07025   56.09538   55.33067   54.99546   55.07225
60.46851   60.51166   60.58082   59.94331   59.46977   59.60183   59.48885   58.63925   58.74805   58.42689
59.05484   60.76815   60.22127   58.46184   59.01132   58.80821   59.38553   58.44255   58.50816   57.81298
62.43454   62.19702   62.57669   62.46894   62.30947   62.42271    62.4361   62.20638    62.0484   62.06099
76.84337   60.01116   62.86901   51.82847   45.78675   48.29506   60.50848   62.55966   64.46303   60.90565
60.12368   60.24306   59.64467   57.05715   55.50617   56.05681   58.51258    57.4788   56.79762   59.01816
59.92192   59.72794   59.73078    59.3054   59.12012   59.58247   59.74112   58.75173   58.07711   58.19917
56.75071   56.67196   56.77817   57.46508   57.27969   57.78145   57.98553   57.15354   55.31643   57.61773
83.46309   83.46334   83.21257   83.06418   82.79216   82.82599   82.54662   82.85954   82.62617   82.91362
89.90092   83.89417   80.52555   80.90128   81.72498   82.13927   81.18799   80.95465   74.78748    77.4597
82.47616   82.18978   82.06153   81.75458   81.71329   82.25529   82.08029   82.27488    81.6128   82.21943
87.59191   87.40481   87.49563   87.44343   86.33391   86.80199   86.64398   87.09717    86.4987   86.81634
70.98204   72.38577   74.38915    76.7808   78.23131   73.48019   73.82256   71.64837   77.71827   74.34923
60.09506   61.18461   57.90175   59.45207   59.53361   61.22822   60.40597   59.05093   61.11232   59.12011
53.99191   55.81946   53.74659   52.12267    51.1965   53.56959   51.85673   50.42274   53.08642   51.42903
59.29151   58.99504   56.54063    58.7223   58.73156    60.7594   60.15209   58.60562   60.66052   59.30937
59.71242   59.95773   57.16422   58.64961   58.11601   60.19342   59.28612   57.65172   59.90887   58.68471
58.42664   59.33345   56.14569    57.4242   57.09381   59.47689   59.20061   57.51345     60.088   58.64616
65.60944   65.55305   65.64533   66.46225   66.32271   66.45845   67.22115   68.17148   68.48948   69.28578
61.06939   61.51875    62.2472   62.01854   59.04991   53.67648   52.23369   53.88638   54.70269   53.36216
64.40461   65.48773   65.72048   66.38392   66.50635   63.20722   66.41686   64.21852   67.64842   68.69956
63.20393   63.41106   63.17009   64.23654    63.9579   63.90555   65.24959   64.16671   63.63751   65.05718
63.52059   62.45152   62.12869   62.00642   62.07537   62.22785   64.53706   62.30052   61.94917   63.47021
73.04933   73.07768   73.28869   72.04346   69.08761   69.89833   68.47971   68.48045   68.47668   68.09196
83.09893   83.05488   83.39389   82.34448   77.46531   79.91755   78.62848   81.88834   80.02121   78.67919
 72.7505   73.27646   73.98843   71.74918   67.99902   70.22418   64.69159   65.88123   65.99218    66.2416
 73.6673   74.36585   74.14097   73.06246    69.6198    70.2975   68.28184    68.0612   68.67174   68.87538
72.87879   73.35335   72.94469   71.74898   68.31269   68.90455   66.63319   65.33529   65.99525    65.0778
69.99392   68.74881   68.61746    69.0627   69.01521   69.02156   70.26497   69.40729   67.26458   66.75323
67.26714   67.43192   66.84312   67.07649   66.00682    66.4324   68.44338   65.95943   65.34469   65.01748
66.37826   65.32495   65.22825   65.68883   65.16629   65.34176   66.41396    65.6206   63.90552   64.13551
70.55758    69.5767   69.25789   69.38088   68.62978   69.34268   70.80076    69.9113   67.49378    67.7548
69.59849   68.84403   68.64479   68.31427   67.66457   68.72576   70.44925   69.96396   68.10871   67.88978
59.01066   58.09696   54.58839   55.92356   55.77118   56.32572   56.08597   56.46287   56.44038   56.59133
64.06857   69.41444   67.01988   56.40226   56.17194   55.56566   53.28362   53.76608   55.64914   60.14084
58.22795   59.91476   56.62765   55.70443   56.03159   55.86266   55.74405   55.56725   55.22128   55.98052
63.02346   63.19322   59.27762   59.24732   59.48897    59.3266   59.23244   59.08889   59.61032    60.0876
58.02765   56.65285   54.01722   53.68457   53.09516   52.75244   52.01539   52.76785    52.9673   53.42911
62.29597   61.51874   60.45501   59.42319   59.16102   58.58404   59.16527   59.50346   59.14784    59.5522
61.35218    61.54823   60.33561   58.77928   58.43612   57.90968   58.47116   58.69306   58.37633   58.65056
60.25771    59.45742    58.8282    58.5551   58.05381   57.43347   57.82727   58.66502    58.2431   58.64754
61.19527    60.24716   59.36395   58.26903   57.78939   57.28245   58.11861   58.58313   57.94322   58.36719
59.07252    58.60224   57.97647   57.03695   56.67749   55.73407   55.53091   57.54842   57.37127   58.05512
61.63475    61.08052   61.12909   61.58512   61.54303   61.27646   61.64118    61.7736   61.44372    61.7244
    59.87   58.64011   57.84769    58.9107   57.97602   57.80216   58.41492    59.1537   59.01202   58.68732
59.52448     58.9872   59.06091   59.47274   59.35223   59.04678    59.5626   59.93283   59.81063   60.17787
61.95485    61.00203   61.02801   61.90445   61.72858   61.24392   61.64412   62.24962   61.75129   62.01402
61.46582    60.57011   60.99606   61.97712    62.0975   61.09128   61.34636   61.82895   61.01981   61.93816
2004        2005
 65.54838    64.16712
 91.34999    100.4476
 63.67163    61.73769
 66.82597    65.30461
 64.28435    65.24278
 72.44211    72.35207
 68.41458    73.66469
 72.52797    73.23115
 74.32586    74.79617
 77.62697    76.60877
 43.64651    43.42008
 39.50381    39.25923
 42.37325    42.73111
 42.64019    42.24739
 42.42178    42.18487
 44.83646    44.35043
 40.91646    40.69312
 44.11008    44.36126
 43.58235    43.05074
 44.66279    43.68815
 86.01942    86.00127
 84.61654     84.6701
 85.32192    84.65219
 87.23579    87.20619
 85.36269    86.17148
 37.36287    37.55168
 34.36912    34.87519
 37.64189    37.34284
37.11953   37.36129
37.27535   37.47871
 60.8124   60.19811
57.64644   56.79756
 58.8629   58.38597
 60.9209    60.0234
61.41401   59.62027
77.92296   77.94054
83.84923   83.21065
75.09597   75.06457
77.06216   76.85841
 74.7738   74.21996
69.82743   69.76429
81.92342   86.33312
64.22036   61.42955
71.55548   71.42772
69.46791   69.69883
63.28605   63.07725
62.19092   62.49056
62.78577   60.44606
66.57061   65.54534
66.48075   65.77848
61.69661   61.84019
58.34264   58.50285
61.02121   61.29976
62.24068   62.12309
62.54982   62.48981
60.24515   60.52274
 57.7296   56.37142
55.64629   55.66996
59.18183   58.84686
56.05552   57.21903
72.69065   71.41019
82.86669   76.36345
78.11879   68.81068
78.08714   76.82448
70.89149   70.04858
64.51562   63.42078
52.52576    48.8163
 56.0515   54.98795
58.72228   56.19105
56.68275    54.8581
61.99599 62.18869
65.65654 67.2109
59.59253 59.77871
63.54982 63.9531
 60.3272    58.7375
80.63438   80.15867
81.36409   80.16443
77.13848   76.83659
83.00724   82.93464
 82.5759   81.48624
56.31307   56.73155
53.45184   54.03748
54.82457   55.28909
58.95555   58.81389
58.14796   58.45371
62.07136   61.83339
60.35401   60.14968
61.29364   59.59672
57.06752   57.30258
56.83829   56.70835
83.17603   83.70438
80.21556   82.26848
82.59599   83.64849
86.83981   86.48687
70.87051   70.69134
59.65862   61.18175
 53.1425   54.49589
59.28902   60.14309
59.93659   61.03682
59.58373   61.06844
69.32277   69.33163
54.08807   53.64696
65.59758   64.42332
65.01717   65.42362
62.33256   62.55515
68.83045   68.87463
79.47674   77.49104
67.50612   69.33841
69.47781   69.53947
65.46221    66.0334
65.47852   67.05308
62.50995   65.45754
 62.2591   63.87654
66.22037   67.20281
66.23482   67.29805
55.61559   55.37439
56.23332   56.05993
54.78687   55.17033
57.87106   57.66978
51.61598   51.19315
59.87577   59.53817
58.66175   57.41673
 58.7178   58.97521
58.03863   57.17031
 57.7138    56.1266
61.69265   61.82598
58.46513   58.73111
59.85404   59.97016
61.96906   62.12935
 61.6679   61.65375
Primary Energy Consumption (Unadjusted data, as reported by insti
These data utilize the following assumptions:
Energy Units:                         Exajoules (EJ)




Primary Energy Consumption           Source     1990       1991       1992        1993         1994
Algeria                              IEA         0.998895 1.054231 1.083265        1.087745     1.048836
Algeria                              EIA         1.283826 1.429576 1.371071        1.271215     1.305698
Algeria                              BP          1.174649 1.16661 1.187544         1.107618     1.126124
Australia                            IEA          3.66538 3.622677 3.691798           3.8808    3.888783
Australia                            EIA         3.928048 3.78253 3.968277         4.096822     4.140882
Australia                            BP          3.669228 3.677141 3.727424        3.847502     3.980558
Brazil                               IEA         5.608228 5.679694 5.757062        5.927765     6.237113
Brazil                               EIA         6.063762 6.318186 6.419156        6.678849      6.98347
Brazil                               BP           5.21349 5.377526 5.547669        5.723586     5.933007
Canada                               IEA          8.76765 8.743851 8.958021        9.250322     9.575668
Canada                               EIA         11.60208 11.72044 12.06825        12.33332     12.68683
Canada                               BP          10.38389 10.49275 10.77666        11.05646     11.40501
China                                IEA         36.14095 35.86882 37.08681        39.24846     41.04655
China                                EIA         28.48347 29.7767 30.87553         33.04026     35.91306
China                                BP          28.67368 30.12553 31.38048        33.74686     35.70855
France                               IEA         9.538192 10.07806 9.917733        10.08721     9.714265
France                               EIA          9.62748 10.27051 10.32907         10.3399     10.31836
France                               BP          9.167417 9.677579 9.782542        9.777267     9.610297
Germany                              IEA         14.91426 14.62122 14.36185        14.23253     14.18024
Germany                              EIA        Not Available15.10317 14.81134     14.86462     14.80114
Germany                              BP          14.64358 14.25957 14.07393         13.9667     13.86383
India                                IEA         13.39323 13.92121 14.48147        14.80355     15.36925
India                                EIA         8.312489 8.834414 9.337086        9.799512     10.50278
India                                BP          8.098653 8.594202 9.062077        9.310271     9.859202
Indonesia                            IEA         4.320628 4.551052 4.759604        4.976953     5.203773
Indonesia                            EIA         2.351224 2.443303 2.650728        3.071756     3.287768
Indonesia                            BP          2.222312 2.388988 2.572663        2.724853     2.842209
Iran                                 IEA         2.879476 3.15716 3.22228          3.481155      3.83913
Iran                                 EIA          3.27386 3.410866 3.540575        3.670671     3.887958
Iran                                 BP           2.93189 3.022409 3.168026        3.277469     3.565521
Italy                                IEA         6.195062 6.357047 6.317139        6.285639     6.208352
Italy                                EIA         7.139225 7.296744 7.251661        7.240168     7.140043
Italy                                BP          6.478152 6.616693 6.62917         6.483385     6.478989
Japan                                IEA         18.60913 18.8382 19.25481         19.37532     20.42554
Japan                                EIA         19.50445 20.03629 20.12476         20.2933     21.15993
Japan                                BP          18.17569 18.81531 19.01795        19.29315     20.04045
Kazakhstan                           IEA         3.083812 3.157196 3.317826        2.743984     2.439727
Kazakhstan                           EIA                   Not
                                                Not Available Available3.637488    3.111964     2.420641
Kazakhstan                           BP          3.123269        3.076 3.100744    2.747755     2.437178
Korea                                IEA         3.909954 4.210924 4.682708        5.254828     5.642498
Korea                                EIA         4.053154 4.582924 5.095517        5.688671     6.158222
Korea                                BP          3.782481 4.262707 4.789825        5.251545     5.673784
Mexico                               IEA          5.20589 5.429126 5.532655        5.544468     5.726107
Mexico                               EIA         5.325907 5.496671 5.604627        5.607163     5.811241
Mexico           BP      4.25538 4.400117 4.497502        4.50596    4.77157
Poland           IEA    4.181768 4.140803 4.07497        4.239487   4.042317
Poland           EIA    4.167265 4.086446 4.04538        4.185232   4.024766
Poland           BP     4.427332 4.239053 3.98675        4.061322   4.027812
Russia           IEA    36.77149 35.45115 32.47136       31.30181   27.35264
Russia           EIA              Not
                       Not Available Available36.37225   34.09167   31.22207
Russia           BP     36.55093 36.09666 34.36567       32.25586   29.42688
Saudi Arabia     IEA     2.56726 3.048796 3.379679       3.518319   3.720995
Saudi Arabia     EIA    3.531508 3.691707 3.865094       3.992198   4.114983
Saudi Arabia     BP     3.558529 3.779382 3.739524       3.859602   4.186842
South Africa     IEA    3.819592 3.993909 3.745373       3.965546    4.17648
South Africa     EIA    3.717206 3.878434 3.96884        3.945798   4.308734
South Africa     BP     3.793157 3.761421 3.652271       3.761296   3.988513
Spain            IEA    3.813049 3.963316 4.04555        3.888842    4.11143
Spain            EIA    4.279829 4.505918 4.477167       4.369871   4.537222
Spain            BP     3.808816 3.88221 3.980684        3.929563   4.058977
Taiwan           IEA    2.014137 2.192691 2.286204       2.433483   2.562796
Taiwan           EIA    2.155595 2.209586 2.328632       2.565552   2.755868
Taiwan           BP      2.11489 2.202148 2.374277       2.509528   2.685412
Thailand         IEA     1.83638 1.986006 2.128784       2.241854    2.41882
Thailand         EIA    1.323492 1.446224 1.547794       1.771766   1.972641
Thailand         BP     1.233306 1.389725 1.510974       1.698627   1.904031
Turkey           IEA    2.217648 2.192155 2.259995       2.397246   2.365339
Turkey           EIA    2.082406 2.179067 2.244951        2.45736   2.352682
Turkey           BP     1.976994 1.996802 2.200369       2.419627   2.305122
Ukraine          IEA       10.539 10.43243 9.077233       8.02516   6.814366
Ukraine          EIA              Not
                       Not Available Available9.047779   8.643601   7.388718
Ukraine          BP      11.4089 10.40897 9.137817        7.71577   6.601872
United Kingdom   IEA    8.883366 9.158271 9.145563       9.246881   9.317153
United Kingdom   EIA     9.78739 10.04496 9.78129        10.10505   10.06741
United Kingdom   BP     8.855836 9.038924 8.978634       9.068399   8.944805
United States    IEA    80.69877 81.37496 82.98264       84.68804   86.38859
United States    EIA    89.30811 89.26016 90.68373       92.42134   94.16874
United States    BP     82.33446 82.22454 83.50243       85.27379   86.83164
s reported by institutions)




       1995        1996        1997        1998         1999         2000        2001        2002         2003        2004
         1.08863    1.056899    1.092127    1.127433     1.204308     1.224716    1.231429    1.307913     1.394645    1.401852
        1.375008    1.333884    1.268747    1.322062     1.320346     1.306674    1.324506    1.346798     1.363797    1.330245
        1.170587    1.172137    1.108665    1.152877     1.166652      1.12424    1.166903    1.210153     1.266423    1.311055
        3.951761    4.224859    4.329406    4.448572      4.54501     4.625849     4.53617    4.687401     4.733006    4.753624
        4.263132    4.452851    4.810833    4.846251      5.08319     5.119579    5.299627    5.414438     5.416358    5.490665
        4.120314    4.235158    4.403258    4.524842     4.625242     4.656601    4.748627    4.886578     4.880955    4.980649
        6.485208    6.833756    7.181787    7.421286     7.641411     7.774749    7.824405    8.013379     8.108354    8.576538
        7.404636    7.862448     8.28879    8.558513     8.740813      9.04435    8.959622    9.070206     9.183968    9.540562
        6.249995    6.627397    7.014812    7.273128     7.454526     7.651887    7.515619    7.701404     7.790166    8.100398
        9.689868    9.900692    10.06356    10.03004     10.33436     10.43259    10.30246    10.47294     10.98469    11.24998
        12.87353    13.22914    13.35121    13.04123     13.65042     13.64366    13.68043    14.05815     14.49123     14.8001
        11.52228     11.9624    11.95373     11.8324     11.89805     12.13184    12.13737    12.42282     12.67667    13.03601
         43.8652     45.4884    45.64162    45.62079     45.78808     46.26012    46.18521     50.0278     56.95581    66.26075
        36.76727    37.62371    39.98997    39.37113     39.27629     39.55004    41.54415       45.657    53.50921    63.20307
        38.36758    40.40534    40.23184    38.39078     39.11045     40.47179    41.86967       44.286    51.44388    59.59772
         10.1058    10.66831     10.3558    10.69248     10.70398     10.81685     11.1744    11.16546     11.36023    11.51073
         10.6035    10.99716     10.9315    11.16614     11.30102     11.45097     11.6918    11.60255     11.72888    12.01723
        9.867534    10.24405    10.09224    10.34914     10.52917     10.67353    10.81764    10.74869     10.87927    11.02721
        14.33551    14.81539    14.70343    14.62163     14.30789     14.38676    14.80113    14.45501     14.53585    14.57938
        15.11377    15.18729    15.14689    15.13193     14.90296     15.04585    15.42368    15.11336     15.40171    15.60663
        13.94539    14.40075    14.14276    14.00388     13.75397     13.83549    14.07665    13.82163     13.90524    13.84453
        16.22149    16.76071    17.41669       17.799     18.8781     19.24088    19.51926    20.04354     20.54662    21.79524
        12.07167    11.64897    12.27767    12.83569     13.70168     14.20112    14.70328    14.60512     15.07095    16.37881
        10.65038    11.36612    11.95662     12.3949     12.72666     13.41518    13.57168    14.18128      14.5776    15.91371
        5.549825    5.762113    6.040434    5.599062     6.247754     6.391672    6.707336    6.841868     6.989418    7.286724
        3.442829    3.716266    3.856073    3.750997     4.128541     4.278907    4.708858    4.896038     4.963055    5.403486
        3.076921    3.355008    3.515112    3.350529     3.731025     3.987341    4.243657    4.371145     4.350336    4.631487
        3.960685    4.010396    3.984356    4.464294     4.646127     4.967461     5.20359    5.455771     5.830877    6.315508
        4.035123    4.178896    4.677343    4.834581      5.10084     5.289226    5.683829    6.211868     6.520034     6.74647
        3.958829    4.218452    4.443409    4.531625     4.801422     5.109026    5.386234    5.953755     6.265672    6.799238
        6.742726    6.726989    6.820162    7.014431     7.109013     7.248325    7.263564    7.271559     7.564718    7.653394
        7.469472    7.502705    7.616878    7.833413     7.971112     8.053991    8.104348    8.127533     8.419885    8.496593
        6.800242    6.800577    6.864217    7.054632     7.271844     7.385976    7.419135    7.364288     7.586314    7.713634
        20.89629    21.48084     21.7313    21.45144     21.75737     22.08798    21.74845    21.76621     21.57555    22.28466
         21.7786    22.23598    22.78585    22.40841     22.95302     23.50362    23.31172     23.1147     23.25589    23.97143
        20.67613    21.00568    21.28054    20.99538     21.19161     21.55314    21.47648    21.36026     21.39028    21.76504
        2.187445    1.900727    1.654421    1.651687     1.505805     1.617731    1.596508    1.747304     1.896643    2.027621
        2.009091    2.070916    1.781407    1.715078     1.890187     1.975542    2.125044    2.184911     2.293444    2.398447
        2.142176    1.920653    1.702688    1.648176     1.480034     1.717383    1.769342    1.844955      2.00711    2.144666
        6.193736     6.75712    7.349496    6.727343     7.428191     7.961136    8.073739    8.495014      8.68504    8.929633
        6.711011    7.178912    7.812377    7.200557     7.969333     8.324929     8.54525    8.886665     9.204634    9.472985
        6.220999    6.855885    7.518279    6.929573     7.555792     7.998881    8.202904    8.583861     8.868229    9.098342
        5.553966    5.722415     5.91809    6.187778        6.2661    6.293732    6.367706    6.508691     6.689001    6.917445
        5.719968    5.835012    5.989522    6.287874     6.368342     6.670197    6.602081    6.651184     6.837671    6.887634
4.677619    4.856897   5.117735   5.369529   5.511922      5.6858   5.664322   5.665452   5.877678    6.018696
4.176025    4.346341   4.293021   4.012957   3.899177   3.744137    3.769746   3.733254   3.828871    3.842886
3.905858    4.370911   4.307208   4.059784   4.203242   3.823497    3.644515   3.631579    3.80073    3.908051
4.036454    4.218335   4.127773   3.940112   3.815323   3.702932    3.709756   3.646661   3.705109    3.807685
26.30862    26.04997   24.91626   24.33992   25.24604   25.70442    26.01243   25.86573   26.78138    26.85864
29.85567    29.23348   27.46877   27.60295   28.74849   29.23303    29.50337   29.72511   30.64915    31.58632
27.97088     27.0981   25.57674   25.59977   26.00484   26.62721    26.69056   27.07235   27.44841    27.88768
3.720575    3.976168    3.97214   4.221844   4.286477   4.471455    4.655268   5.147291   5.159582    5.540143
4.036134    4.330148   4.605704   4.793104   4.855359   5.119667    5.421331   5.679619   6.078123     6.54913
4.069221    4.265093   4.387355   4.638547   4.663807   4.872849    5.031319   5.179155   5.514811    5.980634
   4.3885   4.414512   4.475551   4.539133   4.560141   4.651058    4.570984   4.407639   4.944937    5.413151
 4.33586     4.39432   4.807472   4.588374   4.708612   4.846416    4.921524   4.792934   5.149617    5.500098
4.209744    4.436836   4.578978   4.555364   4.517725   4.540417     4.48063   4.644836   4.912833    5.173183
4.304779    4.247124   4.515717    4.74264   4.972666   5.220714    5.353105   5.510747   5.697964    5.959477
4.634594    4.723738    5.02511   5.260338    5.54949    5.92902    6.197649   6.277919   6.599645    6.820793
4.205641    4.388939   4.676781   4.944192    5.13532   5.408969    5.569658   5.639285   5.910631    6.093266
2.725652    2.870085   3.034386   3.211826   3.342078   3.477188     3.72299   3.918176   4.126157    4.361169
3.021167    3.233196   3.382762   3.581855   3.742587   3.981271    4.071247   4.240772      4.4403   4.598765
2.844249    2.953598   3.170232   3.323796   3.718972   3.992053    3.982588   4.105516   4.352751    4.508968
2.709511    2.976496   3.063446    2.86936   3.028991   3.122097    3.273912   3.489287   3.716341    4.064067
 2.23264    2.575716    2.73998   2.572964   2.640573   2.723207    2.849203   3.106575   3.398744    3.651759
2.184295    2.430144   2.550305    2.40494   2.463304   2.562489    2.650203   2.881398   3.127791    3.372549
2.589965     2.81954   2.972355   3.023814   2.970927   3.224985     2.97299   3.148461   3.298923    3.429195
2.628239    2.899054   3.086861   3.159948   3.065892   3.337389    3.053243   3.319967   3.500587    3.706041
2.512695     2.79211   2.925564   3.031323   2.974085    3.20832    2.994161   3.146054   3.345597    3.570156
6.783974    6.300009   6.025182   5.692773   5.668564   5.613906     5.62337   5.686528   6.068591    6.038006
7.293553    6.684951   6.402105   6.172566   6.071954    6.06895    5.953031   6.143541   6.629608    6.601346
6.189095    5.930058   5.816219   5.597207   5.716238   5.723063    5.690071   5.612531   5.619397    5.857617
9.355108    9.758445   9.508181    9.64003   9.696606   9.791394    9.821505   9.571876   9.727122    9.774535
9.980406    10.59952   10.28249   10.28404   10.30521   10.23974    10.36017    10.2352   10.44119    10.53161
8.976667     9.41067   9.228251   9.357456   9.277781   9.357331    9.504748   9.284145   9.424194    9.502374
87.50425    89.74241   90.67552   91.50627   93.89379   96.57429    94.60939   95.86945   95.57532    97.49193
96.18719    99.35548   99.97694   100.4183   102.1421   104.4186    101.6242   103.2398   103.6115    105.8703
88.74277    91.70939   92.42527   93.02476   94.62798   96.79474    94.50198   95.91972   96.23321    98.11635
2005
 1.455646
 1.502739
 1.369476
  5.10604
 5.794429
 5.005471
 8.772758
 9.845678
 8.341979
 11.38621
 15.09536
  13.2753
 71.89374
 70.78306
 65.59632
 11.55429
 12.06153
 11.00559
 14.43384
 15.30426
 13.61673
 22.49605
 17.09616
 16.81439
  7.51582
 5.657065
 4.800543
 6.803702
 7.660752
 7.229056
 7.753343
 8.519037
 7.714703
 22.20943
 23.81306
 21.87708
 2.195413
 2.994892
 2.370703
 8.950185
 9.786242
 9.417422
 7.391107
 7.255831
6.206369
3.892421
3.862093
3.797568
27.07518
31.95946
28.15439
5.873128
7.022714
6.336814
5.343913
5.317774
4.967853
6.079068
6.949623
6.133086
4.428996
4.745552
4.627942
4.188334
3.824977
3.497074
3.567378
3.944162
3.735951
5.997031
6.550384
5.850611
9.794232
10.56571
9.571343
 97.9831
106.2291
98.40472
Carbon Emissions (Unadjusted data, as reported by institutions)
These data utilize the following assumptions:
Carbon Units                                    Tg Carbon Dioxide (Million Metric Tonnes)




Million metric Tons                             Source      1990         1991         1992         1993
Algeria                                         BP           66.28985     65.89292     66.84061     62.72489
Algeria                                         CDIAC        77.00101     79.34626     80.51888     82.42073
Algeria                                         EIA          83.15443      85.8362     82.08322     82.30178
Algeria                                         IEA-R            58.15        61.93         63.6        63.27
Algeria                                         IEA-S            54.72        58.46        59.08        61.06
Australia                                       BP           259.9382     261.1862     264.2763     271.8354
Australia                                       CDIAC        293.1191     284.7495     296.2741     303.9768
Australia                                       EIA          269.8596     258.2158     271.5837     281.7623
Australia                                       IEA-R          260.69       259.84       265.09       275.54
Australia                                       IEA-S            259.7      260.94       264.81       268.77
Brazil                                          BP           222.4761     227.5605     234.7759     240.0067
Brazil                                          CDIAC        202.6366     213.9194      215.114     224.8944
Brazil                                          EIA          237.6976     246.1297     237.7983     258.3868
Brazil                                          IEA-R          202.27       212.33       215.69       224.52
Brazil                                          IEA-S          192.72       200.64       204.34       212.17
Canada                                          BP           440.9445     433.9234      448.558     449.9682
Canada                                          CDIAC        428.5717     423.9764     434.6583     448.0115
Canada                                          EIA           474.831     467.3664     485.0911     486.9912
Canada                                          IEA-R          423.49       413.54       428.74       432.34
Canada                                          IEA-S          428.78       422.87         435.4      434.74
China                                           BP           2333.658     2456.042     2553.312     2731.883
China                                           CDIAC        2399.538      2519.86      2643.66     2787.105
China                                           EIA          2293.388     2401.357     2475.263     2640.747
China                                           IEA-R         2371.52      2320.34      2416.28      2593.68
China                                           IEA-S         2210.89      2324.53      2427.82      2626.76
France                                          BP           376.9026      397.618     390.4762     370.6699
France                                          CDIAC        363.3005     393.9133     367.3461     359.2696
France                                          EIA          368.5709     393.7768     382.8914     369.2308
France                                          IEA-R            366.5      384.83       361.32       353.93
France                                          IEA-S          355.36         383.1      371.42       352.31
Germany                                         BP           955.5425     916.2933     886.4456     874.1474
Germany                                         CDIAC        980.6901     891.3253      865.971     848.1617
Germany                                         EIA          989.0408     930.2878     896.3657     894.3544
Germany                                         IEA-R          972.22       941.53       902.04       888.46
Germany                                         IEA-S          967.61         945.5      897.06       893.28
India                                           BP           590.2957     626.6221     665.4118     685.8171
India                                           CDIAC          679.96     728.6019      774.052     806.6399
India                                           EIA          583.2453     626.0748     664.9589     696.8752
India                                           IEA-R          597.66       636.27       673.72       698.92
India                                           IEA-S          586.85       628.21       660.02       684.19
Indonesia                                       BP           136.0068     146.2623     156.0897     165.7416
Indonesia                                       CDIAC        149.3152     178.3376     201.4493     218.8884
Indonesia                                       EIA          151.4045     156.7416     173.4485     200.3649
Indonesia                                       IEA-R          147.45         159.8        171.4      183.91
Indonesia      IEA-S      141.6     154.58     158.99     173.65
Iran           BP      178.4541   184.2366   191.3569   197.1812
Iran           CDIAC   218.2837    223.949   237.8812   222.6114
Iran           EIA      202.148    226.572   234.7876   238.3374
Iran           IEA-R     182.97      199.2     200.35     213.87
Iran           IEA-S     175.28     194.22      209.8     215.61
Italy          BP      396.5237   397.0902   396.7584   384.9111
Italy          CDIAC   395.7675   407.8052   407.2226   395.6759
Italy          EIA     416.0694   417.0855   415.6197   412.7018
Italy          IEA-R     381.63     385.93     383.72     378.88
Italy          IEA-S     398.36     397.45     396.57     392.26
Japan          BP      1071.482   1100.653   1115.885   1105.351
Japan          CDIAC   1080.795   1089.894   1109.796   1082.595
Japan          EIA     1053.773   1073.674   1078.477   1072.056
Japan          IEA-R    1078.24    1083.41    1105.36    1093.63
Japan          IEA-S    1057.96    1066.04    1075.53    1074.85
Kazakhstan     BP      234.5833   228.8993   232.2624   205.2265
Kazakhstan     CDIAC   #VALUE!    #VALUE!    252.7588   214.1173
Kazakhstan     EIA     #VALUE!    #VALUE!    265.0905   227.5432
Kazakhstan     IEA-R     235.98     242.54     252.67     216.18
Kazakhstan     IEA-S     233.16     240.58      247.3      210.1
Korea          BP      236.2447   266.7523    300.258   330.7016
Korea          CDIAC   241.5969   264.1992   284.7824   315.0801
Korea          EIA     243.3699   270.9061   294.5303   331.9317
Korea          IEA-R     237.97     249.35     267.31     304.97
Korea          IEA-S     227.15     251.78     274.15     301.46
Mexico         BP      253.5416   262.6307   266.1947   267.9092
Mexico         CDIAC   375.2686   371.0179    395.566     368.57
Mexico         EIA     302.3509   309.9894   313.5459   317.0589
Mexico         IEA-R     298.07     310.03     314.97     312.93
Mexico         IEA-S     293.18      302.8     306.75     304.75
Poland         BP       364.327   349.8831   328.6328   334.3629
Poland         CDIAC    347.646   344.0475   339.2581   350.2881
Poland         EIA      336.401   332.1353   330.3336   341.3168
Poland         IEA-R     351.96     351.59     346.72     349.21
Poland         IEA-S     349.43     348.63     339.44     337.63
Russia         BP      2171.108   2117.679   1997.712   1842.926
Russia         CDIAC   #VALUE!    #VALUE!    1984.389   1810.804
Russia         EIA     #VALUE!    #VALUE!    2056.552   1911.684
Russia         IEA-R    2304.66    2145.76    1935.27    1865.04
Russia         IEA-S    2188.56    2088.62    1882.44    1820.72
Saudi Arabia   BP      216.5462   230.2526   225.6847   232.5831
Saudi Arabia   CDIAC   197.4477    276.226    296.047   326.7367
Saudi Arabia   EIA     208.0244   226.4571   235.4644   232.9276
Saudi Arabia   IEA-R     140.32      172.3     193.75     201.43
Saudi Arabia   IEA-S     159.29     165.92     181.04     192.22
South Africa   BP        314.26   309.9016     300.89   312.3363
South Africa   CDIAC   331.9219   344.8171   323.2994   342.2593
South Africa   EIA     301.0428   313.6368   323.5529   322.4039
South Africa   IEA-R     291.06     305.52     282.51     304.85
South Africa   IEA-S     254.64      251.2     250.79     251.37
Spain          BP      218.0554   220.2338   231.6291    223.911
Spain          CDIAC    211.871   216.5724   225.9498   207.0669
Spain          EIA     236.8419   249.3845    254.205   242.4058
Spain          IEA-R     211.27     219.52     227.87     213.71
Spain                      IEA-S      207.36      215.28    227.63     213.01
Taiwan                     BP       124.2571      130.45 142.9999    153.7754
Taiwan                     CDIAC    124.4629 136.5922 146.7098       158.1428
Taiwan                     EIA      118.7743 124.8719 132.2687       151.3453
Taiwan                     IEA-R      112.74       125.1     132.9     144.54
Taiwan                     IEA-S      113.82      122.56    131.04     141.91
Thailand                   BP       79.30097 89.72721 98.05903       110.9192
Thailand                   CDIAC    95.75565 116.0603 126.7459        142.459
Thailand                   EIA       83.8598 92.85683 100.7152       114.5564
Thailand                   IEA-R        81.32      89.82     98.34     111.01
Thailand                   IEA-S        78.58      87.81     95.91      108.8
Turkey                     BP       131.3391 132.4278 145.4501       154.8691
Turkey                     CDIAC    141.4769 144.7859 146.5265       159.7882
Turkey                     EIA      129.4493      137.27 138.1019    144.6167
Turkey                     IEA-R      138.14      135.66    138.82      143.4
Turkey                     IEA-S        128.6     131.69    137.84      142.7
Ukraine                    BP       698.8172 623.7335 555.1298       456.6138
Ukraine                    CDIAC              Not
                                   Not Available Available 600.141   514.6788
Ukraine                    EIA                Not
                                   Not Available Available535.9409   496.8929
Ukraine                    IEA-R      690.04      673.63    584.71     507.75
Ukraine                    IEA-S      680.88      623.44     536.4      465.1
United Kingdom             BP       574.6192 581.9515 569.7794       556.2162
United Kingdom             CDIAC    569.2388 576.7948 565.8272       548.7179
United Kingdom             EIA      604.9686 613.1513 579.823        585.2899
United Kingdom             IEA-R      566.51      578.36    565.02     549.87
United Kingdom             IEA-S      557.63      565.97    551.27     535.06
United States of America   BP       5043.576 5003.295 5098.582       5213.219
United States of America   CDIAC     4798.09 4812.843 4829.275       5128.191
United States of America   EIA      5028.457 4981.647 5079.531       5189.099
United States of America   IEA-R     4859.45 4855.86 4928.61          5073.71
United States of America   IEA-S     4850.46 4822.37 4891.24          5036.25
titutions)




      1994         1995         1996         1997         1998         1999         2000         2001         2002         2003
       63.44959      65.4728     65.17226     61.71409     64.31136     64.97729     63.10439     65.65548     69.01557      71.7975
       86.29038     94.62333     96.49953      87.9064     107.0641     117.2146     116.7676     113.6125     120.3881     121.4141
       84.25293     88.07151     84.64379     80.85036     84.88282     84.58674     83.65212     79.18237     81.71652      81.7403
           61.37        63.49         61.7        62.78        65.47        69.89        70.89         70.9        75.54       80.89
           58.73        59.26        58.59        60.22        61.91        65.75        66.61        68.26        73.29       77.69
       281.1139     291.5241     300.3655     313.3422     323.2508     330.1028     332.1203     339.1328     350.4565     347.9674
       304.9882     308.8725     328.3014     332.1124     347.9355     327.0665     328.4626     321.7567     335.9564     337.8143
       283.4222     290.9624     304.1664     334.0631     340.0272     358.6187      359.804     374.0499     382.6534     380.6755
         275.37       278.42       298.09       308.03       318.18       325.75       330.43       322.42       335.83       338.06
         271.82       280.01       296.06       311.13       327.11       333.84       339.46       341.79       346.73       348.07
       249.4071     262.1964     280.0281     296.9179     305.8648      316.552      320.417     327.4394     326.1813     319.4623
       234.7078     249.6477     276.4935     288.6778     301.1442     302.9361     307.5606     315.9999      312.427     300.7228
        269.497      289.533     307.1558     325.9476     324.5939     336.2184       344.91     349.0544       347.16     346.3519
         234.92         250.5      273.29       288.46       297.95       307.59       313.19       319.22       320.25       311.15
         221.84       238.85       258.17       275.61       284.47         294.6      305.15       313.86       312.84       305.79
        459.991      469.225     487.1062     497.2225     508.5987     505.0109     513.4792     529.8313     536.0483     557.0438
       427.4247     428.3738     435.3399     453.5009     446.5751     456.9345     518.3872     505.4554     501.4208     532.1033
        498.819     510.8123      521.982     548.9619     554.3588      567.821     565.2204     553.5479      573.253     602.4639
         441.76       452.12         462.6      482.29           497      503.57       507.14       501.42       507.43       536.63
           450.3      461.39       476.77         493.4      497.89       508.51       530.17       523.12       531.84       554.76
       2880.487     3088.926     3258.713     3213.238     3036.083     3089.615      3176.53     3246.025     3425.918     4025.832
       2958.894     3198.483     3340.509     3289.262     3107.784     3255.919     3338.127     3420.328     3626.717     4269.069
       2855.771     2903.387     2936.978     3133.133     3029.193     2992.116     2966.515     3107.987     3440.596      4061.64
        2728.24      2958.31      3081.98      3058.34      3045.49      3052.18      3055.46      3010.56      3321.42      3901.92
        2744.95      2985.84      3160.19      3100.32      3156.06       3046.3       3037.7      3083.83       3308.6      3829.72
       356.3445     365.3551     380.1934     372.0073     395.8836     394.4985     392.4647     390.9989     384.8436      391.716
       337.3636     359.1744     373.9164     345.6159     375.7083     359.9915     356.7998     372.3517     368.4711     369.8123
       361.9081      373.234     391.2674     384.8623     409.8478     403.7617     402.2721     406.0256     402.2597     408.8282
         332.75       347.52       370.33       347.88       375.34       365.13       359.05       379.01       374.67       384.47
         347.73       357.31       370.89         364.1      386.64       379.63       379.27       387.39       378.56       387.18
       864.8403     858.5195     879.3981     856.9401     850.6794      822.738     831.6854     843.4856     830.0675     838.8059
       843.6801     831.5178     860.3021     835.4571     825.7317     792.9642     798.3656      824.713     805.1375     811.7335
       877.0258     885.6756      891.735     889.4102     871.7032     840.8486     856.9233     877.7068     857.3522     874.0364
         877.05       877.79       903.65       878.35         872.7      837.18       843.65       872.53       846.29       848.54
         880.78       880.93       903.53       875.13       867.08       836.45       830.68       850.84       836.38       845.53
       722.4966     783.1317     845.1687     886.8247     905.3256     925.8751     982.4045      996.667     1047.553     1079.999
       856.7659     911.7985     993.6916     1036.133     1064.108       1133.3     1160.911     1178.728     1218.773     1267.979
       740.5122      878.433     835.1635     877.8223     914.1785     971.1136     1012.342     1035.417     1033.525     1048.114
         738.01         796.9      835.46       877.94       892.77       968.74       977.72       995.82      1028.11      1055.79
         721.33       779.63       822.65       866.15       869.39       933.82       968.41       978.13      1007.78      1033.05
       172.8469     187.2876     205.3251     219.3639     209.0221     234.3058     252.8025     271.0121     281.1926     280.9176
       223.2381       225.51     280.7809     288.6631     216.1254     246.1262     280.0407     316.0695     331.4492     344.7071
       210.4759     215.1993      237.356      247.002     240.9705     265.5893     273.9331     300.1766     314.8843      305.445
         195.91       217.14       225.24         245.9      238.07       262.73       268.65       291.34       302.02       311.09
  183.04     193.96     211.27     237.68     235.32     257.61     268.89     288.49     297.02     306.06
214.3057   238.2528    253.372   264.2901   266.3583   281.7863   300.4056   314.1195   343.9892   361.4848
290.8288   279.0659   290.9973   293.8373   315.9376   320.2983   341.2845   358.8372   369.0097   397.8856
250.8621   262.2616   263.0072   290.7636   294.6619   317.2961    320.688   334.2477   365.0665   386.9134
  235.92     243.38     246.31     240.27     272.58     282.35     303.77      318.2     332.06     353.41
  243.06     249.31     256.89     270.01      276.5     290.25     304.79     317.71     335.71     351.83
384.1871   408.2262   402.6503   405.8934   416.2556   424.8802   432.7494   433.6298   434.9401   448.7659
386.6027   410.3997   404.7711   407.2739   417.4171    422.573   429.3009   430.1071   433.6616   447.6341
404.2501    432.074      424.1   424.5088   441.4362    441.172   448.4309   445.4918   452.5698   475.1487
  374.19     411.11     405.74     409.59     419.59     419.18     428.06     427.68     431.01     447.72
  388.55     410.68     406.98     410.81     421.64     421.71      425.8     427.15     434.03      452.8
 1166.57   1186.746   1203.366   1202.326   1170.327   1197.752   1226.551   1223.239   1222.898    1272.78
1135.297   1134.322   1166.382     1169.9   1132.647   1180.212   1204.221   1187.438   1202.235   1226.373
1126.555   1119.585   1138.213   1161.222   1115.823   1157.911   1203.708   1197.146   1203.328   1253.291
 1157.82    1162.86    1191.24    1191.41    1160.86    1195.68    1222.96    1207.09    1224.56    1246.69
 1124.75    1140.97       1155    1150.07    1118.59    1157.04    1172.14    1157.25    1194.16    1203.06
183.4068   157.3454   142.7132   126.4985   123.5535   109.0236   126.1082   128.2991   132.4677   144.4069
196.8687   165.5194   138.6297   127.8965   122.2936   114.2245   127.1893   147.0689   151.9133   162.0382
168.1759   140.1094    142.342   120.0977    116.284   133.3879   143.4469   147.6894   153.7722   165.9061
  191.83     168.99     148.18     127.88     128.61     117.27     127.91     128.23      138.3     150.51
  185.27      162.1     140.86     117.46     121.25     107.43     116.87     117.24     126.77     137.48
359.2366   389.8353   429.9243   472.5955   426.8585   460.1753   489.5029   503.3284   525.2636   537.7517
340.7679    372.403    402.085   423.3791   360.5925   395.0017   433.0972   443.1452   460.6612   460.9654
352.8078   382.8252   403.8975   434.9144   375.1422   432.9482   445.8065   452.4184   468.3751   477.7442
   330.3     361.54     392.27     422.44     364.32     402.46     436.24     442.67     468.76      469.2
  330.88     361.98     390.34     415.08     359.07     393.49     424.78     437.65     443.82     454.49
290.3497   276.6156   286.8884   303.5186    320.411   323.1686   335.1389   336.5696   336.7229   352.7334
386.8629   367.4927   370.7943   388.1638   390.2928   377.9437   379.6696   390.9451   381.8023    397.182
336.6199   321.5733    332.906   349.7525   371.5913   363.8299   383.4381    380.294   383.7677    389.067
  329.12     311.09      321.6     335.78     354.21     356.43     356.59     364.03     373.35     382.29
  324.53     310.17     316.21      329.3     349.97     342.58     357.32     356.16     360.21      367.9
330.2592   329.7389   342.7958   333.9829   314.9406   304.1517   293.0228   293.5255   288.4399   293.7275
337.4772   346.5723   361.3657   349.0935   324.0873   313.8745   300.9866   302.3828   295.9956    304.805
324.4738   310.6538   347.3245   339.3617    316.247   329.2882    294.998   278.6271    276.446   289.1915
  330.13     339.89     352.82     346.07     319.94     310.95     294.77     295.93     292.39     299.66
   331.4     333.05      348.4     337.84      314.7     305.35      292.9     291.52     281.07     291.94
1669.175   1571.622   1517.001   1423.031   1411.484   1431.745   1457.181   1456.389   1471.311    1499.21
1565.657   1503.815   1493.515   1452.095   1426.672   1421.234   1435.188   1429.068   1416.902    1477.45
1725.024   1638.391   1616.696   1482.888   1482.486   1560.424   1582.369   1571.144   1571.775   1626.861
 1646.97    1582.03    1571.64     1488.3    1444.84     1493.7    1516.16    1521.58    1509.39    1554.54
 1607.64     1588.9    1562.13    1450.74    1433.46    1473.35    1513.46    1516.37    1503.09    1537.87
252.7152   244.7715   256.9171   264.4945   280.3297   282.3988   294.1022   302.2653   310.2587   330.5614
321.7311   244.1987   268.1422   227.3899    212.384   225.2389   294.8487   314.7576    333.864   335.8831
239.9325   235.2888   250.0802    255.115   258.1793   264.0445   290.5394   301.3402   311.6248   347.2572
  214.28      213.9     227.52     225.99      240.9     246.67     256.99     262.79     287.84     288.59
  202.48     202.53     215.78     218.68     233.13     238.95     249.14     255.35     273.63     285.59
328.7967   346.6687   364.5196   375.2471    372.571   369.9594   370.6091    367.075   379.6788   403.0541
358.4012   353.0034   357.0893     370.23   372.0659   370.8786   368.4161   362.5493   347.5031   380.6773
351.0482   351.4483   356.3117   388.4262   369.5246   381.0626   391.6706   399.2006   385.2259     418.23
  319.22     335.11     337.38     341.69     342.15     344.77     351.08     345.82     328.53      375.3
  257.94     276.75     286.17     299.43     309.63     291.24     298.54     283.77     294.75     320.77
230.4043   242.6739   239.9466   262.7892   276.6973   296.2773   308.7494   310.9725   327.7047   332.4885
218.2251   233.3336   234.2974   242.3298    251.971   274.6832   281.2572     282.69   302.9764    308.583
248.3484   251.1734   244.7184   272.3982   281.9381   308.6381   326.9219   331.5296   348.9821   357.2747
  228.49     238.45     229.35      248.5     255.84      274.5     286.06     288.36     303.28     312.55
   223.3     235.83     225.04     243.02     251.05     271.02     285.62     287.62     304.25     312.33
164.4424   174.8203    182.704   199.5262   210.1847   237.5838   259.1233   262.0177    271.073   289.8514
163.6029   174.5742   183.4239   196.1945   195.8573   199.2469   208.1552   214.2528   224.2128   229.8524
162.9368   183.3762   198.2545   210.4527   224.9098   224.0886   252.1541   249.0998   273.8186   290.2704
  150.35     161.28     170.03     183.99     195.75     203.82     217.43     229.59     237.99     252.74
  151.16     158.67     167.05     177.23      189.7     198.23     214.96     222.65     231.42      246.3
124.1407   142.1603   158.7126   165.1597   154.7771   159.5107   162.7107   167.5145    181.448   196.6939
158.1685   181.3351   202.5706   209.9178   186.2418   196.8211   201.4163   216.9462   230.4863   246.0089
127.9641   145.1121   170.1977   176.7402   162.4546   171.4818    161.863   172.1679   187.1686   205.8696
  123.37     143.46     161.66     165.62     151.66     160.97     162.07      174.6     187.42     200.34
  121.89     141.27     158.74     162.31      148.6     157.53     157.85     167.05      179.5      188.4
148.1242   157.7432   175.6453   185.9499   192.2453   190.5338   209.9853   195.5892   198.2168    208.868
156.4792   170.9281   188.1986    198.045   202.0722   199.8186   221.9372   200.1411   208.3348   220.4641
140.0222    153.285     169.12   182.3782    184.361   181.7788   202.3843   184.4863   194.9383   206.5872
  143.47     157.26     173.36     183.69     185.03        183      203.7     184.12      192.3     203.38
  141.32     155.43     171.67     180.59     182.16     181.22      202.6     184.27      194.2     203.82
383.1954   355.0883   320.5023   321.9873   308.6319   318.3487   317.6075     317.66   312.4971   312.8322
422.2065   428.7879    396.559   327.3047   313.6546   316.9196   304.2516    305.241   311.6245   337.1657
415.2603    423.981   366.3373   344.1006   333.2324   327.5828   326.8317   318.6423    326.592   357.4152
  420.59     420.76     365.76     349.68     333.56      330.9     325.81     325.69      330.7        355
   386.8     376.82     333.08     316.61     297.41     293.91     285.79     290.54     293.45     315.17
543.5477   540.4356   556.4986    535.625   540.7173   530.3924   540.7536   551.6787   535.2339   547.0526
547.4903   551.1364   566.4758   541.1141   545.4821   535.9876   546.0208   555.1123   538.8019   549.4617
574.7666    562.463   591.4044    568.815   564.0895   559.1517   561.2322   575.1943   563.8904   575.1717
  547.47     542.62     556.66     531.03     534.18     532.72     546.81     551.65     531.27     542.71
  528.05     527.52     543.39     519.56     523.68        518     521.94     541.71     525.92     539.75
5303.344   5364.507   5553.295   5634.262   5677.326   5748.293   5911.324   5788.051   5831.329   5877.373
5201.103   5201.359   5305.909   5441.824   5392.101   5467.409   5646.959   5589.461   5648.114   5636.365
5267.002   5323.965   5511.497   5591.676   5619.656    5682.26   5860.376   5762.333   5823.802   5877.732
 5151.13    5145.71    5295.28    5429.71    5451.63    5543.47    5728.51    5661.55    5720.95    5719.34
 5110.06    5108.89    5290.08    5436.15     5484.5    5529.53     5700.6    5622.95    5652.58    5712.28
2004         2005
 74.44336     77.19921
 119.7614     137.5523
 80.19071     88.23031
     82.11        84.39
     78.55         84.3
  356.216     357.4518
 340.5187     368.9035
 391.0329     416.8885
   339.42       367.75
   354.69       376.78
 330.6939     336.9421
 318.0849     325.5274
 356.3189     370.5506
   326.44       332.36
   323.32       329.28
 570.9122     575.2498
 530.6888     537.5889
 614.6949     632.0133
   536.31       540.43
   549.87       548.59
 4638.028     5118.213
 5037.917     5548.433
 4847.327     5429.304
   4657.3      5126.84
  4546.92      5059.87
  395.125     396.4438
 372.7365     377.7385
 416.2804     414.3618
       385      387.13
   386.66       388.38
 829.3988     813.5678
 803.1037     784.0779
 871.8783     852.5697
   842.84         819.1
   849.81       813.48
 1175.466     1239.753
 1336.625      1402.53
 1151.327     1194.013
  1146.31      1190.88
  1110.29      1147.46
 302.3454     313.6326
 384.3931     419.6451
 323.2947     323.5112
   333.93       350.07
  323.45     340.98
388.9973   411.5103
422.7415   451.6283
406.6352    445.775
   381.1     405.48
  380.53     407.08
453.7812    455.005
450.6499   452.1634
469.8332   472.7841
  448.18      451.2
  450.52        454
1274.471   1286.354
 1253.27   1230.177
1257.892   1249.615
 1270.15    1249.73
 1201.28    1214.19
 153.986   167.2272
 177.623   180.9467
 185.373   203.3026
  159.87      169.9
  144.97     154.74
552.1563   563.9147
 470.361   452.2733
488.6758   496.6434
  481.73     460.44
  464.01     448.91
356.2829   368.8801
399.0948   421.5689
384.7492   406.5304
  394.74     425.88
  373.68     389.42
298.6764    296.102
307.7182   302.4268
294.5027   289.8035
  297.79     301.19
  296.21     295.81
1508.376   1530.213
1471.825   1503.486
 1663.44   1698.565
 1550.83    1553.67
 1528.77    1543.76
358.1441   378.4515
360.9553   381.1574
 388.763   405.5402
  303.08     323.17
  301.81     319.68
424.2495   409.4994
415.0828   408.8423
447.6825   437.7576
  414.96      405.6
  337.52     330.34
347.6946   360.9125
330.3498   343.7434
370.9478    384.035
  331.76     341.56
  329.67     341.75
300.2594   308.4015
241.1645   245.8367
286.5595   290.4078
  266.91     273.81
   255.4     261.28
214.3199   221.9266
  267.97   270.9272
225.6579   242.6765
  220.84     226.67
  207.05     214.29
217.4521   232.6218
226.0524   247.9035
211.0863   231.2337
  209.84     218.59
  209.89     218.93
319.6935   317.0962
328.5872   327.1691
346.5999   349.8478
  339.44     335.14
  302.18     296.82
555.0213   561.1034
554.3025   546.4825
582.2923   584.6534
  543.06     539.85
  539.96     529.89
5994.264   6026.241
5730.912   5777.135
5969.281   5994.287
  5820.1    5862.27
 5791.55    5816.96
Energy Intensity (Unadjusted data, as reported by institutions)
Energy Intensity Units               Megajoules (MJ) per GDP (US$2000 [MER])

These data utilize the following assumptions:
Energy Units                          Exajoules (EJ)



Primary Energy per GDP (2000US$ [MER])           1990            1991       1992         1993         1994
Algeria                           IEA             21.54327888     23.01286 23.22853       23.82493     23.18132
Algeria                           EIA             27.68840124     31.20629 29.39998       27.84346     28.85848
Algeria                           BP              25.33376808     25.46599 25.4646         24.2602     24.88954
Australia                         IEA             12.54138581     12.47528 12.70268       12.88217     12.39972
Australia                         EIA             13.44012612     13.02576 13.65399       13.59924     13.20356
Australia                         BP              12.55455206     12.66283 12.82527       12.77163     12.69235
Brazil                            IEA             11.11831616     11.15535 11.3495        11.16526     11.15159
Brazil                            EIA             12.02141385      12.4094 12.65475       12.57996     12.48603
Brazil                            BP              10.33574808     10.56187 10.9367        10.78067     10.60786
Canada                            IEA             16.12737296     16.42742 16.68384       16.83447     16.62762
Canada                            EIA             21.34107717     22.01965 22.47647       22.44516     22.02999
Canada                            BP               19.1003168     19.71314 20.07095       20.12143     19.80418
China                             IEA             81.28859272     73.87959 66.88992       62.09533     57.41831
China                             EIA             64.06531458     61.33155 55.68724       52.27329     50.23729
China                             BP              64.49312007     62.05005 56.59797       53.39122      49.9512
France                            IEA             8.735984961     9.137686 8.871085       9.105823     8.579152
France                            EIA             8.817763101     9.312183 9.239011       9.333927     9.112655
France                            BP              8.396393855     8.774575 8.750162       8.826032     8.487332
Germany                           IEA             9.664499067     9.014157 8.661448       8.652882     8.397933
Germany                           EIA            Not Available    9.311282 8.932529       9.037169     8.765648
Germany                           BP              9.489098978     8.791195 8.487805       8.491268     8.210551
India                             IEA             49.51381982     50.92408 50.22127          49.002    47.70049
India                             EIA             30.73069061     32.31648 32.38072       32.43788     32.59678
India                             BP              29.94015403     31.43778      31.427    30.81842     30.59934
Indonesia                         IEA             39.58410264     38.27781 37.33604       36.40048      35.3909
Indonesia                         EIA              21.5411038     20.55003 20.79326       22.46623     22.36014
Indonesia                         BP              20.36005343     20.09321 20.18089       19.92905     19.32989
Iran                              IEA             40.96345954     39.88992 39.05254       42.86546     47.43972
Iran                              EIA             46.57398288     43.09543 42.91014       45.19908     48.04307
Iran                              BP              41.70911503     38.18738 38.39501       40.35736     44.05875
Italy                             IEA             6.608926369     6.679321 6.586447       6.612358     6.393428
Italy                             EIA             7.616165401     7.666657 7.560808       7.616502     7.352893
Italy                             BP              6.910928607      6.95213 6.91178        6.820383     6.672133
Japan                             IEA             4.514216068     4.421631 4.475908       4.492796     4.684852
Japan                             EIA             4.731402337     4.702842 4.678135       4.705659     4.853294
Japan                             BP              4.409072418     4.416259 4.420849       4.473743     4.596528
Kazakhstan                        IEA              117.040382     134.6354 149.4037       136.0829     138.4368
Kazakhstan                        EIA            Not Available   Not Available163.7983    154.3322     137.3539
Kazakhstan                        BP              118.5378829     131.1729 139.6284       136.2699     138.2922
Korea                             IEA             13.78875139     13.57502 14.25817        15.0755      14.9145
Korea                             EIA              14.2937582     14.77426 15.51512       16.32014     16.27769
Korea                             BP              13.33920885     13.74196 14.58433       15.06608      14.9972
Mexico                            IEA             12.59514015      12.6031 12.39371       12.18255     12.04467
Mexico                            EIA             12.88550881      12.7599 12.55493        12.3203     12.22375
Mexico           BP     10.29547306     10.21437 10.07486      9.900691   10.03683
Poland           IEA    35.41758087     37.71035 36.17039      36.25305   32.85836
Poland           EIA    35.29474973     37.21533 35.90773      35.78911    32.7157
Poland           BP     37.49739013     38.60512 35.38732      34.72951   32.74046
Russia           IEA    95.28952289     96.75095 103.6853      109.4374    109.379
Russia           EIA   Not Available   Not Available116.1413   119.1913   124.8522
Russia           BP     94.71795537     98.51264 109.7341      112.7729   117.6735
Saudi Arabia     IEA    17.81238389     19.38835 20.54176      21.37884    22.4609
Saudi Arabia     EIA    24.50261247     23.47684 23.49212      24.25834   24.83912
Saudi Arabia     BP     24.69009246      24.0344 22.72891      23.45263   25.27287
South Africa     IEA    34.42789753     36.36939 34.85098      36.45007   37.18627
South Africa     EIA    33.50503776     35.31785 36.93035      36.26856   38.36381
South Africa     BP     34.18962492     34.25231 33.98466      34.57266   35.51266
Spain            IEA     8.65342811     8.771129 8.870699      8.615957   8.897085
Spain            EIA    9.712750011     9.971951 9.817106      9.681706   9.818493
Spain            BP     8.643820444     8.591637 8.728466      8.706178   8.783576
Taiwan           IEA     11.7805567     11.92104 11.52512      11.47602    11.2541
Taiwan           EIA    12.60793554     12.01289 11.73901      12.09884   12.10194
Taiwan           BP     12.36985417     11.97245 11.96911      11.83464   11.79254
Thailand         IEA    23.13992026     23.05244 22.86172      22.24091   22.01777
Thailand         EIA    16.67709704     16.78695 16.62228      17.57727   17.95634
Thailand         BP      15.5406766     16.13114 16.22686      16.85168   17.33181
Turkey           IEA    11.85336952     11.63331 11.41834      11.25095   11.64479
Turkey           EIA     11.1304959     11.56386 11.34233      11.53308   11.58248
Turkey           BP     10.56707068     10.59662 11.11709      11.35599   11.34834
Ukraine          IEA    146.2027625     158.0144 152.2552       156.934   172.9125
Ukraine          EIA   Not Available   Not Available151.7611   169.0278   187.4865
Ukraine          BP     158.2705271      157.659 153.2713      150.8838   167.5205
United Kingdom   IEA     7.82432894      8.17748 8.147815      8.054278   7.780501
United Kingdom   EIA     8.62057887     8.969213 8.714187      8.801768   8.407023
United Kingdom   BP     7.800080498     8.070915 7.999099      7.898816   7.469563
United States    IEA    11.43852072     11.55681 11.40467      11.33405   11.11036
United States    EIA    12.65883869     12.67666 12.46306      12.36902   12.11096
United States    BP     11.67037031     11.67747 11.4761       11.41245   11.16734
stitutions)




       1995        1996         1997        1998         1999        2000        2001        2002         2003        2004
        23.18001    21.61803     22.09555    21.70299     22.46398    22.35288    21.90586       22.222    22.16615    21.17937
        29.27782    27.28354     25.66885    25.44958     24.62843    23.84874    23.56161    22.88267     21.67585    20.09751
        24.92512    23.97513     22.43013    22.19279     21.76158    20.51904    20.75801       20.561    20.12822    19.80758
        12.05975    12.38351     12.21033    12.00836     11.66538    11.41872    10.98353     10.9378     10.70671    10.33452
        13.00998    13.05178     13.56811    13.08185     13.04669    12.63748     12.8321     12.6343     12.25255    11.93687
        12.57413     12.4137     12.41861    12.21425      11.8713    11.49463    11.49795    11.40257     11.04139    10.82808
        11.10655    11.46198     11.65714    12.04589      12.3652    12.06368    11.98237    11.95978     11.94962    11.95593
        12.68117    13.18736     13.45398    13.89178     14.14423    14.03366    13.72086    13.53706      13.5348    13.29981
        10.70373    11.11586     11.38612     11.8054     12.06278    11.87304     11.5095    11.49416     11.48069    11.29218
        16.36642    16.45604     16.04872    15.36556     15.00177    14.39135    13.96269    13.78783     14.20257    14.08121
        21.74371    21.98828     21.29167    19.97856     19.81549     18.8209    18.54078    18.50783     18.73633    18.52476
        19.46142    19.88282     19.06306    18.12668     17.27168     16.7354     16.4495    16.35489     16.39021    16.31671
        55.33021    52.16151     47.88401    44.39903     41.41435    38.59898    35.58308    35.32867     36.56463    38.63601
         46.3771    43.14309     41.95469    38.31674     35.52457    33.00016     32.0074    32.24209     34.35198    36.85311
        48.39569    46.33278     42.20844    37.36264     35.37457    33.76925    32.25821    31.27392     33.02607    34.75086
        8.739903    9.125028     8.663895    8.642785     8.375637    8.145453    8.261492    8.171004     8.224103    8.132151
        9.170327    9.406303      9.14553    9.025645     8.842808    8.622963    8.644019    8.490875     8.490978     8.48998
        8.533837    8.762142     8.443391    8.365263     8.238857     8.03753    7.997733    7.866007     7.875918    7.790551
        8.332361    8.526538     8.312122       8.1014    7.771263    7.571097     7.69374    7.513823     7.570056    7.499246
        8.784714    8.740572     8.562813     8.38414     8.094473    7.917946    8.017345    7.856038     8.020985    8.027638
        8.105607    8.287905     7.995162    7.759124     7.470407    7.280989    7.317151     7.18459     7.241646    7.121261
         46.8029     44.9609     44.90011     43.2095     42.67652    41.81146    40.31329    39.89337     37.73584    36.96872
        34.82967    31.24856     31.65174    31.16038     30.97452    30.85979     30.3668    29.06908     27.67926    27.78146
        30.72892     30.4898     30.82408     30.0903     28.77034    29.15189     28.0297     28.2255     26.77316    26.99256
        34.82073    33.58578     33.62758    35.88035     39.72308    38.73247    39.21648    38.28064     37.32205    37.04587
        21.60101     21.6611     21.46707    24.03743     26.24917    25.92946    27.53177    27.39361     26.50169    27.47145
        19.30523    19.55543     19.56891    21.47112     23.72177    24.16262    24.81183     24.4568      23.2299    23.54658
        47.67703    45.07479     43.31596    47.23898     48.23036    49.04366    49.55639    48.32605      48.2181       49.699
        48.57309    46.96864     50.84976    51.15717     52.95063    52.22043    54.12995     55.0234     53.91704    53.09039
        47.65469    47.41324     48.30655    47.95144     49.84244    50.44133    51.29581    52.73709     51.81361    53.50564
        6.752867    6.689271      6.65612    6.748627     6.710431    6.605319    6.502485    6.487436     6.746488    6.744387
        7.480706    7.460639     7.433673    7.536575     7.524194    7.339514    7.255171    7.251108     7.509156    7.487438
         6.81047    6.762448     6.699115    6.787305     6.864132    6.730759    6.641755    6.570166     6.765748    6.797472
        4.700681    4.703031     4.684302    4.720716     4.794836    4.732345     4.65103    4.642647     4.537834    4.561789
         4.89916    4.868363     4.911618    4.931313      5.05833    5.035645    4.985343    4.930275     4.891248    4.907081
        4.651157        4.599    4.587139    4.620353     4.670156    4.617756    4.592867    4.556059     4.498867     4.45542
        135.2088    116.9019     100.0522    101.8215     90.38785    88.43932    76.89788    76.64948     76.12131    74.25006
        124.1845    127.3692     107.7318    105.7294     113.4609    108.0004    102.3555    95.84613     92.04684    87.82946
        132.4107    118.1274     102.9712    101.6051     88.84091    93.88718    85.22262    80.93319     80.55488    78.53619
        14.99653     15.2905     15.89185    15.61703      15.7499    15.55949    15.19653    14.94757     14.82285    14.55205
        16.24898    16.24496     16.89274    16.71556     16.89728     16.2705    16.08401    15.63671     15.70965    15.43752
        15.06254    15.51399     16.25681    16.08649     16.02046    15.63326    15.43965     15.1039      15.1355    14.82699
        12.45716    12.20754     11.82383    11.78444     11.48862    10.82464    10.96909    11.12002     11.27569    11.19318
        12.82949    12.44773     11.96655    11.97507     11.67608    11.47213    11.37283    11.36347      11.5263    11.14495
10.49157   10.36114    10.22479    10.22611   10.10587    9.779053    9.75743     9.67936   9.908035   9.738909
31.72451    31.0793    28.66659     25.5249   23.72769    21.85474   21.72284    21.20645   20.93984   19.95021
 29.6721   31.25499    28.76132    25.82275   25.57802    22.31797    21.0012    20.62889   20.78594   20.28851
30.66421   30.16397    27.56315    25.06156   23.21741    21.61422   21.37715    20.71456   20.26299   19.76746
109.7517    112.731    106.3362    109.6901      106.93   98.97412   95.30709    90.47764   87.26821    81.6846
124.5489   126.5076    117.2296    124.3952   121.7647    112.5609   108.0976    103.9776    99.8715   96.06279
116.6861   117.2668    109.1549    115.3677    110.144    102.5273   97.79167    94.69836   89.44175   84.81419
22.41334   23.16907    22.56067    23.31796   23.85349    23.72856    24.5695    27.13155   25.26153   25.76762
24.31431   25.23171    26.15915    26.47313   27.01921    27.16841   28.61261    29.93747   29.75875   30.46049
24.51363   24.85263    24.91898    25.61949   25.95326    25.85863   26.55422    27.29951   27.00075   27.81637
37.89342   36.54416    36.09411    36.41846   35.74412    35.00256      33.484   31.14507   33.88453   35.38089
37.43889      36.377   38.77095    36.81353   36.90789    36.47277   36.05183    33.86762   35.28707   35.94919
36.34991   36.72896    36.92821    36.54868   35.41164    34.16991   32.82213    32.82114   33.66454   33.81244
9.065507   8.733018    8.939453    8.987122   8.996062    8.990791   8.894322    8.915169   8.945579    9.06225
 9.76007    9.71304    9.947863    9.968139    10.0396    10.21059   10.29755    10.15628   10.36118   10.37201
8.856729    9.02462    9.258301    9.369055    9.29032    9.314992    9.25413    9.123114   9.279457   9.265695
11.23999    11.1346       11.044   11.18125    11.0023    10.82297   11.84523    11.95844   12.17529   12.13248
12.45863    12.5433    12.31196    12.46942    12.3208    12.39197   12.95326    12.94301   13.10225   12.79346
11.72906   11.45859    11.53843    11.57104   12.24306    12.42552   12.67118    12.53021   12.84392   12.54365
22.57819   23.42082    24.44015    25.58021   25.85344    25.43973   26.11087    26.42349   26.26742   27.01155
18.60445   20.26724    21.85955    22.93785   22.53817    22.18946   22.72363    23.52531   24.02262   24.27117
 18.2016    19.1218    20.34632    21.43992   21.02512    20.87989   21.13652     21.8201    22.1075   22.41542
11.81948   11.98286    11.74251    11.67629   11.87159    12.06916   11.79831    11.76923   11.71485   11.13492
11.99415   12.32079    12.19488    12.20197   12.25106    12.48983   12.11679    12.41033   12.43098   12.03386
11.46685   11.86629    11.55766    11.70528   11.88421     12.0068   11.88232    11.76023   11.88059   11.59263
196.0607   202.3042    199.4629    192.1087   192.0255    179.5788   164.7266    158.3429   154.1802    136.845
210.7878   214.6654    211.9409    208.2998   205.6905    194.1348   174.3835    171.0686   168.4336   149.6125
178.8684   190.4245    192.5453    188.8837   193.6404    183.0705   166.6805    156.2824   142.7679   132.7566
7.589841   7.704983     7.28606    7.148069   6.979106    6.788658   6.653034    6.353111   6.288546   6.119501
8.097148   8.369073    7.879407    7.625601   7.417145    7.099513   7.017923    6.793378   6.750187   6.593478
 7.28281   7.430391    7.071551    6.938541   6.677658    6.487709   6.438464    6.162136   6.092704   5.949111
10.97535   10.84972    10.48563    10.15326   9.970564    9.890043    9.61585    9.589247   9.324603    9.15271
12.06442   12.01193    11.56124    11.14211   10.84645    10.69337   10.32882    10.32646   10.10863   9.939283
11.13069   11.08753    10.68797    10.32175   10.04853    9.912619   9.604934    9.594275   9.388789   9.211332
2005
 20.92491
 21.60188
 19.68622
 10.81132
 12.26889
 10.59838
 11.88453
 13.33803
 11.30095
 13.84517
 18.35535
 16.14223
 37.97151
 37.38489
 34.64546
 8.025644
 8.377971
 7.644509
 7.357476
 7.801159
 6.940961
 34.93055
 26.54592
 26.10841
 36.15259
 27.21161
 23.09157
 51.17476
 57.62115
  54.3741
 6.826479
 7.500639
 6.792459
 4.461298
 4.783425
 4.394536
 73.28579
 99.97344
 79.13719
 13.99796
 15.30555
 14.72872
 11.63361
 11.42069
9.768833
19.50197
19.35002
19.02673
77.39019
91.35114
80.47494
25.87911
 30.9446
27.92228
33.23477
 33.0722
30.89598
8.928834
10.20749
9.008175
11.84345
12.68995
12.37545
26.63215
24.32169
22.23667
10.68583
11.81446
11.19078
 132.343
144.5545
129.1118
6.015639
6.489484
 5.87874
8.910957
9.660882
8.949301
Carbon Intensity (Unadjusted Data, As Reported by Institutions)
Carbon Intensity Units                               Grams per Megajoule (MJ)

Please Select an Energy Source for Calculating Carbon Intensity from CDIAC:

These data utilize the following assumptions:
ENERGY ASSUMPTIONS
Energy Units                                         Exajoules (EJ)




CARBON ASSUMPTIONS
Carbon Units                                         Tg Carbon Dioxide (Million Metric Tonnes)




Carbon Intensity (Emissions per unit of Energy)      Source     1990          1991        1992        1993
Algeria                                              BP          56.43377      56.48239    56.28475    56.63044
Algeria                                              CDIAC       65.55238      68.01438    67.80286     74.4126
Algeria                                              EIA         64.77081      60.04311    59.86797    64.74264
Algeria                                              IEA-R       58.21431      58.74424    58.71142    58.16619
Algeria                                              IEA-S       54.78051      55.45274    54.53884    56.13446
Australia                                            BP          70.84276       71.0297    70.90052    70.65243
Australia                                            CDIAC       79.88576      77.43774    79.48495    79.00628
Australia                                            EIA         68.70069      68.26537    68.43871    68.77583
Australia                                            IEA-R       71.12223      71.72596    71.80512    71.00082
Australia                                            IEA-S       70.85214       72.0296    71.72928    69.25633
Brazil                                               BP          42.67316      42.31696    42.31974    41.93292
Brazil                                               CDIAC       38.86774      39.78026    38.77557    39.29257
Brazil                                               EIA         39.19969      38.95576    37.04511    38.68732
Brazil                                               IEA-R       36.06665      37.38406    37.46529    37.87599
Brazil                                               IEA-S        34.3638      35.32585     35.4938    35.79258
Canada                                               BP          42.46428       41.3546    41.62312    40.69731
Canada                                               CDIAC       41.27274      40.40661    40.33332    40.52034
Canada                                               EIA         40.92636      39.87619    40.19565    39.48582
Canada                                               IEA-R       48.30142      47.29495    47.86102    46.73783
Canada                                               IEA-S       48.90478      48.36198    48.60448    46.99728
China                                                BP          81.38677      81.52691    81.36623    80.95221
China                                                CDIAC       83.68435      83.64533    84.24535    82.58855
China                                                EIA         80.51646      80.64552    80.16908    79.92514
China                                                IEA-R       65.61863       64.6896    65.15201    66.08362
China                                                IEA-S       61.17409      64.80642    65.46317    66.92645
France                                               BP          41.11328      41.08652    39.91561     37.9114
France                                               CDIAC       39.62954      40.70371    37.55119    36.74541
France                                               EIA         38.28322      38.34052     37.0693    35.70932
France       IEA-R    38.42447 38.18494 36.43171         35.087
France       IEA-S    37.25654 38.01328 37.45009        34.9264
Germany      BP       65.25332 64.25813 62.98495       62.58795
Germany      CDIAC    66.97063 62.50716 61.53015       60.72741
Germany      EIA     Not Available61.59554 60.51888    60.16665
Germany      IEA-R    65.18727 64.39476 62.80805       62.42459
Germany      IEA-S    64.87817 64.66628 62.4613        62.76325
India        BP       72.88813 72.91219 73.42818       73.66242
India        CDIAC    83.95964 84.7783 85.41662        86.63979
India        EIA      70.16494 70.86773 71.21696       71.11325
India        IEA-R    44.62405 45.70509 46.52291       47.21301
India        IEA-S    43.81693 45.12612 45.57688       46.21798
Indonesia    BP       61.20059 61.22355 60.67244       60.82587
Indonesia    CDIAC    67.18914 74.64985 78.30379       80.33034
Indonesia    EIA       64.3939 64.15152 65.43428       65.22812
Indonesia    IEA-R    34.12699 35.11276 36.0114        36.95233
Indonesia    IEA-S    32.77302 33.96577 33.40404       34.89083
Iran         BP       60.86657 60.95688 60.40255       60.16264
Iran         CDIAC    74.45153 74.09618 75.08815       67.92176
Iran         EIA      61.74608 66.42655 66.31341        64.9302
Iran         IEA-R    63.54282 63.09469 62.17648       61.43651
Iran         IEA-S     60.8722 61.51732 65.10918       61.93635
Italy        BP       61.20939 60.01339 59.8504        59.36884
Italy        CDIAC    61.09266 61.63279 61.4289        61.02921
Italy        EIA      58.27935 57.16049 57.31372       57.00169
Italy        IEA-R    61.60229 60.70901 60.74268       60.27709
Italy        IEA-S    64.30283 62.52117 62.77683       62.40575
Japan        BP       58.95138 58.49775 58.67535       57.29242
Japan        CDIAC    59.46378 57.92592 58.35517        56.1129
Japan        EIA      54.02734 53.58648 53.58957       52.82809
Japan        IEA-R    57.94144 57.51135 57.40696       56.44449
Japan        IEA-S    56.85166 56.58928 55.85773       55.47521
Kazakhstan   BP       75.10827 74.4146 74.90538         74.6888
Kazakhstan   CDIAC              Not
                     Not Available Available81.51555   77.92444
Kazakhstan   EIA                Not
                     Not Available Available72.87736   73.11884
Kazakhstan   IEA-R    76.52216 76.82133 76.15528       78.78327
Kazakhstan   IEA-S    75.60771 76.20053 74.53675       76.56751
Korea        BP        62.4576 62.57815 62.68664       62.97224
Korea        CDIAC    63.87262 61.97922 59.45571        59.9976
Korea        EIA      60.04459 59.11207 57.80185        58.3496
Korea        IEA-R    60.86262 59.21503 57.08449       58.03615
Korea        IEA-S    58.09532    59.7921 58.54519 57.36819
Mexico       BP       59.58142   59.68721   59.18722   59.45663
Mexico       CDIAC    88.18687   84.31999   87.95237   81.79612
Mexico       EIA      56.76983   56.39585   55.94412   56.54533
Mexico       IEA-R     57.2563   57.10495   56.92927   56.44004
Mexico           IEA-S    56.31697 55.77325 55.44355       54.96469
Poland           BP       82.29044 82.53803 82.43125       82.32859
Poland           CDIAC     78.5227 81.1614 85.0964         86.24978
Poland           EIA      80.72465 81.2773        81.657   81.55266
Poland           IEA-R    84.16536 84.90865 85.08528       82.37082
Poland           IEA-S    83.56036 84.19382 83.29877       79.63936
Russia           BP       59.39952 58.6669 58.13104        57.13461
Russia           CDIAC              Not
                         Not Available Available57.74336   56.13877
Russia           EIA                Not
                         Not Available Available 56.5418   56.07483
Russia           IEA-R    62.67518 60.52723 59.59928        59.5825
Russia           IEA-S    59.51784 58.91544 57.97231       58.16661
Saudi Arabia     BP       60.85274 60.92334 60.35117       60.26092
Saudi Arabia     CDIAC    55.48577 73.08759 79.16701       84.65555
Saudi Arabia     EIA      58.90525 61.34212 60.92074       58.34571
Saudi Arabia     IEA-R     54.6575 56.51411 57.32794       57.25178
Saudi Arabia     IEA-S     62.0467 54.42148 53.56722       54.63405
South Africa     BP        82.8492 82.3895 82.38434        83.03956
South Africa     CDIAC    87.50544 91.67202 88.52011       90.99505
South Africa     EIA      80.98633 80.86686 81.52329       81.70814
South Africa     IEA-R    76.20185 76.49649 75.42907       76.87466
South Africa     IEA-S     66.6668 62.89578 66.95996        63.3885
Spain            BP       57.25019 56.72898 58.18828       56.98115
Spain            CDIAC    55.62647 55.78586 56.76154       52.69463
Spain            EIA       55.3391      55.346 56.7781     55.47208
Spain            IEA-R     55.4071 55.38797 56.32608       54.95467
Spain            IEA-S    54.38167 54.31816 56.26676       54.77466
Taiwan           BP       58.75346 59.23759 60.22882       61.27661
Taiwan           CDIAC    58.85078 62.02681 61.79135       63.01696
Taiwan           EIA      55.10048 56.51369 56.80103        58.9913
Taiwan           IEA-R    55.97434 57.05318 58.13131       59.39634
Taiwan           IEA-S    56.51055 55.89478 57.31773       58.31559
Thailand         BP       64.29952 64.56475 64.89788       65.29933
Thailand         CDIAC    77.64145 83.5132 83.88354        83.86717
Thailand         EIA      63.36253 64.2064 65.07019        64.65664
Thailand         IEA-R    44.28276 45.22645 46.19539       49.51706
Thailand         IEA-S     42.7907 44.21436 45.05389       48.53127
Turkey           BP       66.43371 66.31993 66.1026        64.00537
Turkey           CDIAC    71.56163 72.50891 66.59182       66.03835
Turkey           EIA      62.16333 62.99482 61.51667       58.85041
Turkey           IEA-R    62.29121 61.88432 61.42491       59.81864
Turkey           IEA-S    57.98936 60.07331 60.99128       59.52664
Ukraine          BP       61.25191 59.92268 60.75081        59.1793
Ukraine          CDIAC              Not
                         Not Available Available65.67663   66.70479
Ukraine          EIA                Not
                         Not Available Available59.23453   57.48679
Ukraine          IEA-R    65.47489 64.57077       64.415   63.26977
Ukraine          IEA-S    64.60574 59.75981 59.0929        57.95523
United Kingdom   BP       64.88593 64.38282 63.45947       61.33565
United Kingdom             CDIAC   64.27838   63.81233   63.01929   60.50879
United Kingdom             EIA     61.81103   61.04068   59.27879   57.92052
United Kingdom             IEA-R     63.772   63.15166   61.78078   59.46546
United Kingdom             IEA-S   62.77238   61.79878   60.27732   57.86383
United States of America   BP      61.25716   60.84918   61.05908   61.13507
United States of America   CDIAC    58.2756   58.53294   57.83394   60.13795
United States of America   EIA      56.3046   55.81042   56.01369   56.14611
United States of America   IEA-R   60.21715   59.67266   59.39326   59.91058
United States of America   IEA-S   60.10575   59.26111   58.94293   59.46826
stitutions)
                              BP          BP
      BP                      EIA         Energy Information Administration
                              IEA         International Energy Agency




      1994        1995        1996        1997         1998             1999        2000        2001        2002        2003
       56.34337    55.93157    55.60125    55.66524     55.78335         55.69553    56.13073    56.26472    57.03047    56.69313
       76.62603    80.83406    82.32789    79.29035     92.86689          100.471    103.8636    97.36241    99.48171    95.87166
       64.52712    64.05163    63.45665     63.7246     64.20487         64.06409    64.01912    59.78254    60.67466    59.93585
       58.51251    58.32102    58.37835    57.48414     58.06996         58.03332    57.88282    57.57538    57.75612    58.00041
       55.99543     54.4354    55.43578    55.14009     54.91235         54.59566    54.38813    55.43153    56.03583    55.70592
       70.62173     70.7529    70.92192    71.16145     71.43913         71.36984    71.32248    71.41702     71.7182    71.29084
       76.61945    74.96335    77.51811    75.42426     76.89451         70.71338      70.537    67.75784    68.75087     69.2107
       68.44488    68.25087    68.30823    69.43975     70.16293         70.54993    70.28001    70.58041    70.67279    70.28256
       70.81136    70.45467     70.5562    71.14833     71.52408         71.67202    71.43121    71.07758    71.64525    71.42607
       69.89848    70.85703    70.07572    71.86436     73.53147         73.45199    73.38328     75.3477    73.97064    73.54101
       42.03722    41.95145     42.2531    42.32727     42.05409         42.46441    41.87425    43.56785    42.35349     41.0084
       39.55967    39.94367    41.71977     41.1526     41.40504         40.63788    40.19409    42.04575    40.56754    38.60287
       38.59071    39.10158    39.06618    39.32391     37.92644         38.46535    38.13541     38.9586    38.27476    37.71267
       37.66486    38.62636    39.99118    40.16549     40.14803         40.25304    40.28297    40.79799    39.96441      38.374
       35.56774    36.82997    37.77864    38.37624     38.33163         38.55309    39.24886    40.11296    39.03971    37.71295
       40.33236    40.72327    40.71977    41.59558     42.98357         42.44485    42.32493    43.65291    43.15028    43.94245
       37.47692    37.17786    36.39236    37.93801     37.74172         38.40415    42.72948    41.64457    40.36288    41.97501
       39.31785    39.67927    39.45699    41.11701     42.50815         41.59733    41.42732    40.46277    40.77728    41.57438
        46.1336    46.65905    46.72401    47.92441     49.55114         48.72772    48.61113    48.66995    48.45155    48.85255
       47.02544    47.61571    48.15522    49.02839     49.63987         49.20574    50.81864    50.77624    50.78232    50.50303
       80.66659    80.50873    80.65055    79.86804     79.08366         78.99718    78.48751    77.52687    77.35893    78.25677
       82.86234    83.36419    82.67494    81.75768     80.95131         83.24934    82.48036    81.68987    81.89308    82.98497
         79.519    78.96663    78.06189    78.34798     76.93944         76.18121    75.00663    74.81167    75.35748    75.90542
       66.46698    67.44094     67.7531     67.0077     66.75662         66.65883    66.04954     65.1845    66.39148    68.50785
       66.87408    68.06854    69.47244    67.92747      69.1803         66.53041    65.66563    66.77094    66.13523     67.2402
       37.07945    37.02598    37.11357    36.86073      38.2528         37.46718    36.76989    36.14455    35.80378    36.00571
       35.10439    36.39961    36.50083    34.24571     36.30333         34.18991    33.42846    34.42078    34.28056    33.99236
        35.0742    35.19914    35.57895    35.20674     36.70453         35.72791    35.12997    34.72737    34.66993    34.85655
34.25375   34.38816   34.71308   33.59275   35.10317   34.11162   33.19358    33.9177   33.55617   33.84349
35.79581   35.35691   34.76557   35.15902   36.15999   35.46626   35.06288   34.66763   33.90457   34.08204
62.38103   61.56295   61.06614   60.59214   60.74596    59.8182   60.11247   59.92091   60.05568     60.323
60.85475    59.6267   59.74009   59.07313   58.96448   57.65346   57.70418    58.5873   58.25199   58.37608
59.25395   58.60057   58.71588   58.71902   57.60688   56.42159   56.95413   56.90646   56.72812    56.7493
61.85017   61.23184   60.99401   59.73774   59.68554   58.51178   58.64072   58.95024    58.5465   58.37569
62.11321   61.45088   60.98591   59.51875   59.30118   58.46076    57.7392   57.48481   57.86092   58.16861
73.28145   73.53086   74.35862   74.17017   73.04019   72.75084   73.23082   73.43726   73.86876   74.08617
86.90012   85.61182   87.42579   86.65769   85.85046   89.04927   86.53715   86.85202   85.94239   86.98133
70.50629   72.76816   71.69421   71.49747   71.22162    70.8755   71.28605   70.42084   70.76455   69.54529
48.01862   49.12619   49.84633   50.40797   50.15843   51.31553   50.81472   51.01729   51.29384    51.3851
46.93334   48.06156   49.08205   49.73103   48.84487   49.46577   50.33085   50.11101   50.27954   50.27835
60.81428   60.86851   61.19957   62.40596   62.38482   62.79931   63.40127   63.86288   64.32927   64.57376
78.54386    73.2908   83.69006    82.1206   64.50486   65.96745   70.23243   74.48046   75.82663   79.23689
64.01788   62.50655    63.8695   64.05531   64.24171   64.33005   64.01942   63.74721    64.3141   61.54374
37.64768   39.12556   39.08983     40.709   42.51962   42.05191   42.03125   43.43602   44.14291   44.50871
35.17448   34.94885   36.66537   39.34817   42.02847   41.23241    42.0688   43.01111   43.41212   43.78905
60.10502   60.18265   60.06279   59.47912   58.77767    58.6881   58.79899   58.31895   57.77684   57.69291
81.56699   70.49204   68.98202    66.1288   69.71839   66.70904   66.80031   66.62117   61.97933   63.50246
64.52284   64.99469   62.93701   62.16428   60.94881   62.20468   60.63042   58.80678   58.76919   59.34225
61.45142   61.44897   61.41788   60.30334    61.0578   60.77105   61.15196    61.1501   60.86399   60.61009
63.31122   62.94619   64.05603   67.76754   61.93588   62.47139    61.3573   61.05593   61.53301   60.33912
59.29738   60.03113   59.20825   59.13178   59.00458   58.42812   58.59069   58.44749   59.06072   59.15466
59.67023   60.35074    59.5201    59.3329   59.16922   58.11084   58.12379   57.97267    58.8871   59.00548
56.61732   57.84532   56.52627   55.73266   56.35298   55.34635   55.67809   54.96948   55.68354   56.43174
60.27203   60.97089   60.31525   60.05576   59.81811   58.96458   59.05641   58.88019    59.2734   59.18529
62.58505   60.90712   60.49958   60.23464   60.11036   59.32047   58.74461   58.80722   59.68872   59.85682
58.21076   57.39691   57.28764   56.49885   55.74214   56.52008   56.90821   56.95713   57.25109   59.50272
56.65025   54.86141     55.527   54.97511   53.94746    55.6924   55.87219   55.29016   56.28374   57.33319
53.24002   51.40759   51.18788    50.9624   49.79483     50.447   51.21372   51.35383   52.05899   53.89134
56.68492   55.64912   55.45594   54.82462   54.11571   54.95516   55.36767   55.50234   56.25969   57.78253
55.06586   54.60157   53.76886   52.92229   52.14521   53.17921   53.06687   53.21068   54.86303   55.76034
75.25375   73.45122   74.30452   74.29342   74.96379   73.66288   73.43044   72.51232   71.79996   71.94768
80.77732   77.26693   72.17842   75.11448   74.19935   77.17692   74.05991   83.12068   82.33982   80.73207
69.47577   69.73768   68.73383   67.41733   67.80103   70.56866   72.61144   69.49943   70.37918   72.33927
78.62765    77.2545   77.95964   77.29595   77.86586   77.87862   79.06753   80.31902   79.15053     79.356
75.93883    74.1047   74.10848   70.99767   73.40981   71.34391   72.24315   73.43525   72.55179   72.48597
63.31516   62.66443   62.70879   62.85954   61.59954   60.90365   61.19641   61.35979   61.19199   60.63801
60.06007   59.86226   58.64816   56.31331   52.03676   52.27799   54.14473   54.02296   53.66597   51.97942
57.29052   57.04435   56.26166   55.66992   52.09905   54.32678   53.55079   52.94385   52.70538   51.90257
58.53791   58.37188   58.05284   57.47877   54.15511   54.18008    54.7962   54.82838    55.1806   54.02393
 58.6407 58.44292 57.76721 56.47734 53.37471 52.97252              53.3567 54.20661 52.24476 52.33021
60.84992   59.13599   59.06825 59.30721 59.67208 58.63083 58.94313           59.41922   59.43443   60.01237
81.07665   78.56405   76.34387 75.8468 72.68661 68.5684 66.77506             69.01888   67.39132   67.57465
57.92565   56.21942   57.05319 58.39406 59.09649 57.13103 57.48528           57.60213   57.69915   56.90052
 57.4771   56.01222   56.20004 56.7379 57.24349 56.88227 56.65795            57.16815   57.36177   57.15204
56.67551   55.84658   55.25813   55.64296   56.55827   54.67196   56.77394   55.93223   55.34293    55.00074
81.99469   81.69025    81.2633   80.91116   79.93189   79.71847   79.13266    79.1226   79.09698    79.27635
83.78673   85.86059   85.66547   84.57187   82.25333   82.26682   81.28334   81.51015   81.16895    82.26614
80.61929   79.53535   79.46273   78.78925   77.89748   78.34148   77.15397   76.45106    76.1228    76.08839
81.66851    81.3908   81.17632   80.61223   79.72674    79.7476   78.72843   78.50131   78.32041    78.26327
81.98268   79.75288   80.15938   78.69516   78.42097    78.3114   78.22899   77.33147    75.2882    76.24701
56.72279    56.1878   55.98182    55.6377    55.1366   55.05685   54.72527   54.56572   54.34735    54.61921
53.20498   53.76361   55.11511   56.77406   55.72986   54.65265   53.89929   53.54209   52.33761    53.82643
55.25016   54.87705   55.30289    53.9845   53.70751   54.27848   54.12947   53.25304   52.87702    53.08013
60.21246   60.13352   60.33173   59.73207   59.36092   59.16572    58.9844   58.49434   58.35482    58.04555
58.77457   60.39466   59.96667   58.22463   58.89337   58.35965   58.87936   58.29405   58.11125     57.4231
60.35938   60.15192   60.23717   60.28565   60.43481   60.55113   60.35528   60.07676   59.90527    59.94065
76.84337   60.01116   62.86901   51.82847   45.78675   48.29506   60.50848   62.55966   64.46303    60.90565
58.30703    58.2956   57.75327    55.3911   53.86473   54.38209   56.74967   55.58417    54.8672    57.13231
57.58674   57.49111   57.22092   56.89377   57.06038   57.54609   57.47346   56.45003   55.92068    55.93282
54.41555   54.43513   54.26833   55.05345   55.21995   55.74507   55.71788   54.85184       53.16   55.35138
 82.4359   82.34912   82.15755   81.94997   81.78732   81.89066   81.62445   81.92486   81.74214    82.04108
89.85834    83.8539   80.48288    80.8543   81.67643   82.09412   81.14147   80.91482   74.81494    77.48632
81.47363   81.05619   81.08461   80.79636   80.53499   80.92886   80.81656    81.1132   80.37372    81.21575
76.43278   76.36094   76.42521    76.3459   75.37782   75.60512    75.4839   75.65548    74.5365     75.8958
61.76014   63.06255   64.82483   66.90349   68.21346   63.86645   64.18754   62.08073   66.87253    64.86836
56.76413   57.70201   54.67075   56.19019    55.9641   57.69403   57.08101   55.83332   58.11105    56.25261
53.76357   55.48111    53.3836   51.81552   50.96303   53.48902   51.99831   50.75537   53.72604    52.20813
54.73579   54.19534    51.8061   54.20741   53.59696   55.61558   55.13928   53.49281   55.58883    54.13544
55.57433   55.39192   54.00125   55.03002   53.94463   55.20178   54.79327    53.8678   55.03428    54.85292
  54.312   54.78329   52.98645   53.81648   52.93465   54.50196   54.70899   53.72956    55.2103    54.81431
61.23545   61.46447    61.8581   62.93742   63.23636   63.88425    64.9098   65.79081   66.02654     66.5904
60.92282   61.37796   62.10183   61.88647    58.9258    53.5758    52.1424   53.79739   54.61258    52.80623
 59.1236   60.69713   61.31842   62.21326   62.79143   59.87532   63.33508   61.18515   64.56809    65.37181
58.66639   59.17117   59.24215     60.635   60.94663     60.986   62.53042   61.66818       60.74   61.25312
58.98245    58.2136   58.20385    58.4072   59.06297   59.31339   61.82008   59.80409    59.0632    59.69235
65.19888    65.0829   65.30995   64.76074   64.35797   64.75479   63.49713    63.2082   62.97223     62.8859
83.07033   83.01767   83.35743   82.31085   77.44136   79.90126   78.60181   81.86024   79.99116    78.65262
64.86942   64.99575   66.07785   64.50418   63.13908   64.94113   59.43837    60.4267   60.24916    60.57227
51.00421   52.94681   54.31218    54.0633   52.85499   53.14311   51.91062   53.33069   53.71298    53.90787
50.39234   52.13855   53.33116   52.98282   51.78855   52.00742   50.55897   51.02459   51.44318    50.69503
64.25872   62.77847   62.90773   63.56036    63.4196   64.06467   65.45024   65.32354   63.00489    62.43072
67.88325   68.02579   67.40373   67.69464    66.6614   67.18658   69.17552   66.84379   66.22098    65.89679
59.51599   58.32233   58.33628   59.08211   58.34305   59.29069    60.6415   60.42306   58.71694      59.015
60.65516   60.71897   61.48521   61.79949   61.19093   61.59693   63.16309   61.93091   61.07746    61.65043
 59.7462    60.0124   60.88582   60.75654    60.2418   60.99779   62.82201   61.98136   61.68093    61.78381
58.04345   57.37321   54.04708   55.36024   55.14034     55.692   55.49607   55.82708   55.67847    55.67007
63.95255   69.28119   66.87271   56.27448    56.0377   55.44199   53.16238   53.64451   55.52299    60.00033
56.20194   58.13093   54.80029   53.74805   53.98605   53.95015   53.85309   53.52606   53.16022    53.91197
61.72107   62.02265   58.05706   58.03642   58.59359   58.37457   58.03624   57.91723   58.15499    58.49793
56.76243   55.54562   52.86977   52.54779   52.24343   51.84911   50.90751   51.66653   51.60442    51.93463
60.76686   60.20448   59.13485   58.04187   57.78465   57.16802    57.7893   58.04243   57.65031    58.04769
61.20762   61.39655   60.19505   58.63669   58.29385   57.77109    58.3522   58.40369   58.03462   58.30331
57.09179   56.35673   55.79538   55.31881   54.85097   54.25914    54.8092   55.51978   55.09324    55.0868
58.75937   58.00254   57.04392    55.8498   55.41269   54.93881   55.84598   56.16757   55.50322   55.79348
56.67504   56.38845   55.68408   54.64347   54.32348   53.42075     53.306    55.1555    54.9443   55.48918
61.07617   60.45008   60.55319   60.96019   61.03026   60.74624   61.07072   61.24793   60.79385   61.07427
 59.8987   58.61164   57.85569   58.87809   57.96415   57.77793   58.33953   59.14649   58.88376   58.56986
55.93154   55.35005    55.4725   55.92966   55.96248   55.63091   56.12388   56.70236   56.41043   56.72858
59.62743   58.80526   59.00532   59.88066   59.57657   59.03979   59.31713   59.84131   59.67438   59.84118
59.15202   58.38448   58.94738   59.95169   59.93578   58.89133   59.02813   59.43332   58.96122   59.76731
2004         2005
 56.78128     56.37136
 91.34741     100.4416
 60.28266       58.713
  58.5725     57.97426
   56.033     57.91244
     71.52    71.41222
 68.36833     73.70005
 71.21777     71.94643
 71.40237     72.02255
 74.61465     73.79104
  40.8244     40.39115
 39.26781     39.02281
 37.34779     37.63586
 38.06198     37.88546
 37.69819     37.53438
 43.79503     43.33234
 40.70946     40.49543
 41.53315     41.86804
 47.67207     47.46355
  48.8774      48.1802
 77.82225     78.02592
 84.53205     84.58453
 76.69448     76.70344
 70.28746     71.31135
 68.62162     70.37984
 35.83182     36.02206
 33.80152     34.32243
 34.64031       34.354
33.44704   33.50529
33.59126   33.61347
59.90804   59.74767
58.00872   57.58196
55.86588   55.70801
57.81042   56.74857
58.28849    56.3592
73.86501   73.73165
83.99205   83.41247
 70.2937   69.84103
52.59451    52.9373
50.94185   51.00718
65.28043   65.33274
82.99562   87.41617
59.83077   57.18711
45.82718   46.57775
44.38894    45.3683
 57.2119   56.92449
62.17484   62.47404
60.27377   58.18946
60.34352   59.59697
60.25327   59.83213
58.82846   58.97894
58.42252    58.6106
55.29666   55.49737
58.55964   58.19425
58.86539   58.55539
58.55587   58.79917
57.58179   56.23131
52.47461   52.47604
56.99661   56.27023
53.90614   54.67001
71.79953    70.5391
82.82084   76.32618
77.28877   67.88311
78.84611   77.38862
 71.4976   70.48331
60.68757   59.87994
51.69744   48.02517
51.58625   50.74915
53.94735   51.44475
51.96294    50.1565
59.19602 59.43574
66.30918 67.92521
55.86087 56.02809
57.06443 57.6206
54.01995   52.68764
78.44042   77.97148
80.81504   79.63695
75.35794   75.03794
77.49124   77.37859
77.08009   75.99641
54.08755   54.35079
52.77689   53.40147
52.66331   53.14748
57.74045   57.38355
56.91912   57.01753
59.88396   59.72267
60.35401   60.14968
59.36102   57.74694
54.70617   55.02519
54.47693   54.43096
82.00937   82.42985
80.23742   82.29757
81.39536   82.31971
76.65776   75.89944
62.35186   61.81612
57.06211    58.8468
54.21556   56.04738
54.38486   55.25984
55.66931   56.18624
55.31861    56.2175
66.59161   66.63902
53.48553   53.12009
62.31228   61.19579
61.20148   61.82214
58.56228   58.99306
63.54834   63.46064
79.45621   77.47253
 61.7943   63.44521
54.33966   54.11937
 50.9465   51.16354
60.90829   62.26575
63.31722   66.35619
56.95735   58.62682
61.19221   61.27469
61.20679       61.37
54.57741   54.19883
56.09572    55.9205
52.50443   53.40874
56.21723   55.88432
50.04632   49.49449
 58.4087   58.62327
58.33305    57.0957
55.28998   55.33497
55.55865   55.11918
 55.2415   54.10225
61.09343   61.23935
58.40935   58.70791
56.38298   56.42791
59.69828    59.8294
59.40543   59.36697
Data Sources
     ENERGY
          British Petroleum (BP)
               BP Statistical Review of World Energy June 2008
                 http://www.bp.com/liveassets/bp_internet/globalbp/globalbp_uk_english/reports_and_publications/statis

            Energy Information Administration (EIA)
               Total Primary Energy Consumption (Quadrillion Btu) (Table Posted September 21, 2007 )
                 http://www.eia.doe.gov/pub/international/iealf/tablee1.xls
               Hydroelectric Power (1980-2006 for the International Energy Annual 2006 (Billion Kilowatthours) (Table P
                 http://www.eia.doe.gov/pub/international/iealf/table15.xls
               Hydroelectric Power (1980-2006 for the International Energy Annual 2006 (Quadrillion Btu) (Table Posted
                 http://www.eia.doe.gov/pub/international/iealf/tablee5.xls
               Nuclear Electric Power (1980-2006 for the International Energy Annual 2006 (Billion Kilowatthours) (Tabl
                 http://www.eia.doe.gov/pub/international/iealf/table16.xls
               Nuclear Electric Power (1980-2006 for the International Energy Annual 2006 (Quadrillion Btu) (Table Pos
                 http://www.eia.doe.gov/pub/international/iealf/tablee6.xls
               Geothermal, Solar, Wind, and Wood and Waste Electric Power (1980-2006 for the International Energy A
                 http://www.eia.doe.gov/pub/international/iealf/table17.xls
               Geothermal, Solar, Wind, and Wood and Waste Electric Power (1980-2006 for the International Energy A
                 http://www.eia.doe.gov/pub/international/iealf/tablee7.xls
               World Net Electricity Imports (1980-2006 for the International Energy Annual 2006 (Quadrillion Btu) (Tab
                 http://www.eia.doe.gov/pub/international/iealf/tables6.xls
               United States Consumption of Biomass (Biofuels, Wood, and Waste), Geothermal, and Solar Energy No
                  http://www.eia.doe.gov/pub/international/iealf/tablee8.xls

            International Energy Agency (IEA)
                Energy Balances of OECD Countries, 2008 Edition. OECD/IEA, Paris.
                  http://miranda.sourceoecd.org/vl=2245043/cl=27/nw=1/rpsv/ij/oecdstats/16834240/v285n1/s15/p1
                Energy Balances of Non-OECD Countries, 2008 Edition. OECD/IEA. Paris.
                  http://miranda.sourceoecd.org/vl=2245043/cl=27/nw=1/rpsv/ij/oecdstats/16834240/v285n1/s19/p1


     CARBON
          Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC)
             Fossil Fuel CO2 Emissions by Nation (All Countries)
               http://cdiac.ornl.gov/ftp/ndp030/CSV-FILES/nation.1751_2005.csv

            Energy Information Administration (EIA)
               Total Emissions from the Consumption of Energy (Table Posted December 8, 2008)
                 http://www.eia.doe.gov/pub/international/iealf/tableh1co2.xls
               Emissions from the Consumption of Petroleum (Table Posted December 8, 2008)
                 http://www.eia.doe.gov/pub/international/iealf/tableh2co2.xls
               Emissions from the Consumption and Flaring of Natural Gas (Table Posted September 25, 2008)
                 http://www.eia.doe.gov/pub/international/iealf/tableh3co2.xls
               Emissions from the Consumption of Natural Gas (Table Posted September 25, 2008)
                 http://www.eia.doe.gov/pub/international/iealf/tableh3conco2.xls
               Emissions from the Consumption of Coal (Table Posted October 17, 2008 )
                 http://www.eia.doe.gov/pub/international/iealf/tableh4co2.xls

            International Energy Agency (IEA) (for both Sectoral and Reference Approach)
                CO2 Emissions from Fuel Combustion (detailed estimates) Vol 2008 release 01
                  http://miranda.sourceoecd.org/vl=2467089/cl=16/nw=1/rpsv/ij/oecdstats/16834291/v335n1/s1/p1
GDP-(Constant 2000US$ [MER]).
       All Countries except Taiwan: World Bank (2007). World Development Indicators. (The World Bank Group,
           http://web.worldbank.org/WBSITE/EXTERNAL/DATASTATISTICS/0,,contentMDK:20398986~menuPK
       Taiwan: Energy Information Administration (EIA). (Calculated from reported Population and Energy Intensi
           http://www.eia.doe.gov/pub/international/iealf/tableb1.xls
           http://www.eia.doe.gov/pub/international/iealf/tablee1g.xls
ports_and_publications/statistical_energy_review_2008/STAGING/local_assets/downloads/spreadsheets/statistical_review_full_report_work


ber 21, 2007 )

Billion Kilowatthours) (Table Posted September 29, 2008 )

Quadrillion Btu) (Table Posted September 29, 2008 )

6 (Billion Kilowatthours) (Table Posted September 29, 2008 )

6 (Quadrillion Btu) (Table Posted September 29, 2008 )

for the International Energy Annual 2006 (Billion Kilowatthours) (Table Posted December 8, 2008 )

for the International Energy Annual 2006 (Quadrillion Btu) (Table Posted December 8, 2008 )

l 2006 (Quadrillion Btu) (Table Posted December 8, 2008 )

hermal, and Solar Energy Not Used for Electricity Generation and Adjustment to Remove Consumption of Supplemental Gaseous Fuels, 198




6834240/v285n1/s15/p1

6834240/v285n1/s19/p1




September 25, 2008)




6834291/v335n1/s1/p1
ors. (The World Bank Group, Washington).
entMDK:20398986~menuPK:64133163~pagePK:64133150~piPK:64133175~theSitePK:239419,00.html
 opulation and Energy Intensity reports)
_review_full_report_workbook_2008.xls




ental Gaseous Fuels, 1980-2005 (Table Posted September 21, 2007)
METHODS
    Energy




    Carbon




    Energy Conversion factors:




    Carbon emission factors
          Commercial fossil energy sources (coal, petroleum, and natural gas) are taken directly from each source. Primary
          energy values for hydroelectricity and nuclear power are calculated from each source’s reported electricity
          consumption. A “direct equivalence” approach and the World Energy Council’s (WEC) “substitution equivalence”
          convention (efficiency of .386) are utilized to convert reports of electricity consumption to primary energy values.


          Renewable resources include combustible renewables and wastes as well as modern renewable energy sources.
          IEA renewable resources data are used and applied to all sources, as BP does not report renewable resources and
          EIA does not provide an itemized report of individual renewable resources used for heat production or electricity
          production. Combustible renewables and wastes include commercially-traded biomass sources as well as non-
          commercial sources (such as fuelwood). Modern renewable energy sources that primarily produce electricity (solar
          photo-voltaic, wind energy, tidal/wave/ocean energy, some geothermal) are calculated using the direct equivalence
          or WEC substitution equivalence convention. Other modern renewables, such as solar thermal sources and some
          geothermal, are taken directly from IEA’s reported energy consumption. For countries that use geothermal solely
          for electricity production, the direct equivalence or WEC convention approach is utilized, as it is for other electricity-
          producing modern renewables. For countries that use geothermal for heat production, the direct heat content is
          utilized. For countries in this database that report geothermal energy for heat and electricity production (Turkey and
          the United States), a hybrid approach is used.
          For EIA data, net electricity imports are only included in the calculation of primary energy for unadjusted data;
          elsewhere, these data are removed.


          Carbon dioxide emissions are taken directly from sources for coal, natural gas, and petroleum emissions. Gas
          flaring and cement production emissions are taken directly from CDIAC and applied to all other sources except
          EIA, which provides its own gas flaring data. Emissions from wastes are taken directly from IEA-Sectoral approach.
          Emissions from combustible renewables are calculated from IEA reported combustible renewables using an
          average LHV emission factor of 109.58 g/MJ. All fossil commercial energy emissions from BP are calculated using
          average HHV emission factors.




Energy Conversion factors:
          1 Mtoe = .041868 EJ
          1 Quad = 1.055 EJ


Carbon emission factors
          1 g Carbon : 3.664446 g Carbon Dioxide
          Combustible Renewables LHV: 109.58 g CO2/MJ
          Petroleum HHV (for BP only): 66.69 g CO2/MJ
          Coal HHV (for BP only): 89.71 g CO2/MJ
          Natural Gas HHV (for BP only): 50.24 g CO2/MJ

				
DOCUMENT INFO
Shared By:
Categories:
Tags:
Stats:
views:134
posted:10/7/2011
language:English
pages:81