Sustainability in Corrections by wuxiangyu


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                                                                                                                                                                  PERMIT NO. 35
                                                                                                                                                                  COLUMBUS, WI
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                                                                                                                                                                   PRSRT STD                          MARCH/APRIL 2008
                                                                                                                                                                                                             VOLUME 14, NUMBER 2

                                                     THE BIG HOUSE
                                                              Sustainability in Corrections

Data Delivery                                                                                                           Spotlight                    Q&A                          Facility of the Month
                      7     Corrections/Justice Construction Trends                                                       Bryna Cosgriff Dunn,         Kevin Orme, Indiana          Oregon’s
                      6                                                                                                 vice president at Mose-      DOC director of con-         Deer Ridge
Billions of Dollars

                                                                                                                        ley Architects, offers her   struction, and Daniel        Correctional
                                                                                                  $ 7,199 (Projected)


                                                                                                                        perspective on the           Granahan, of Johnson         Institution
                      4                                                                                                 greening of corrections,     Controls Inc., discuss the   embraces the
                      3                                                                                                 as she suggests a step-      department’s biofuels        challenges,

                      2                                                                                                 by-step strategy for         initiative and their col-    pressures and


                                                                                                                        incorporating environ-       laboration on the instal-    opportunities presented by shifting landscapes and


                                                                                                                        mental sustainability        lation of an ethanol-        new horizons in correctional programming, inmate
                          2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008                                                  measures into detention      powered facility heating     populations and environmental sustainability.
                                        Source: The Rose Report -                                facilities. Page 24          system. Page 26              Page 28
standing guard
Non-contact, people-screening portal
to detect trace amounts of narcotics.

The IONSCAN SENTINEL II® is the only portal that
screens people for trace amounts of narcotics from
head-to-toe. It’s also the only one driven by the
same proven technology in the IONSCAN 400B®, the
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correctional facilities.

Minimize threat and increase security by keeping
narcotics out of the prison population.

For more information, call 1 800 626 2440 or
                                               Circle #100 on reader service card.
                                                                                                                                                     TABLE OF CONTENTS
DEPARTMENTS                                           Products . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .45   their collaboration on an ethanol-pow-
People in the News . . . . . . . . . . . . .4                                                            ered heating-system.                                      CORRECTION
Calendar . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7
                                                                                                         Facility of the Month . . . . . . . .28       The Q&A article in the January/Feb-
News . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8     Spotlight . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .24                                                    ruary issue of Correctional News incor-
                                                                                                         New horizons in programming, sus-
Design/Construction . . . . . . . . . . .15           Bryna Cosgriff Dunn, vice president at                                                         rectly listed the Web site for ISI Security.
International News . . . . . . . . . . . .17                                                             tainability and design at Oregon’s
                                                      Moseley Architects, talks strategy and             Deer Ridge Correctional Institution.        The correct Web site is
Green Scene . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .19         steps in greening correctional facilities.                                                       Send comments to
Healthcare News . . . . . . . . . . . . .34                                                              Trendspotting . . . . . . . . . . . . .32
                                                      Q&A . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .26                                                    or contact managing editor Matthew
Juvenile Facility News . . . . . . . . . .36                                                             Stephen A. Carter offers his perspec-
Maintenance/Operations . . . . . . .38                Indiana DOC’s Kevin Orme and John-                                                             Crawford, (415) 460-6185.
                                                                                                         tive on reducing the environmental
Building Briefs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .41       son Controls’ Daniel Granahan discuss              footprint of corrections.

               Editorial Director
              Theodore Gordon
               Group Publisher
                    Eli Gage
             Associate Publishers
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               Managing Editor
              Matthew Crawford
             Contributing Editors
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                  Amy Perry
                 Art Director
                Gabriella Neal
                   Robin Lilly
             Operations Manager
               Louise Wainscott

 Customer Service (800) 965-8876
 Editorial Advisory Board
 Gregory J. Offner, vice president,
 Alex Fox, Director of Security Technlogy
 Massachusetts Department of Corrections
 Stan Bates, Retired: Arizona Department
 of Corrections
 Stephen Donohoe, Vice President,
 Jacobs Facilities                                                                                            Circle #101 on reader service card.
 Dave Elliot, Retired: Conn. Dept. of Corrections
 Buford Goff, President, Buford Goff & Assoc.
 Frank Roberts, President, Durrant Justice
 Adrian Moore, Executive Director of Economic
 Studies, Reason Public Policy Institute
 Peter Krasnow, FAIA, Author: Correctional
 Facility Design and Detailing
 Stephen A. Carter, AICP, Principal,
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   Correctional News is the official publication of
   The Construction and Maintenance Institute for
   Criminal Justice Agencies

                                                                                                              Circle #102 on reader service card.                                                                                                                 CORRECTIONAL NEWS — MARCH/APRIL 2008                       3
     DLR Group, a full-ser vice design
firm that focuses on justice, education,
corporate      and     sports   facilities,
announced the addition of Darrell
Stelling, AIA, as the new justice sector
leader in the firm’s Sacramento, Calif.,
office. He has been with the company                   Stelling                                                          Mitchell               Cooper                  Patton
                                                                            Derrah              Greischar
for more than 10 years and transferred
from DLR’s Omaha, Neb., office. The              has spent his 19-year architectural        project teams. He has 31 years of expe-            Catherine DeWitt, director of mar-
firm also promoted several employees to          career specializing in justice, correc-    rience in the corrections industr y and        keting for JDavis Architects, an archi-
principal. Karl Derrah, AIA, of the              tional and government facilities.          has completed 43 correctional facility         tecture, landscape architecture and
Phoenix office, has been the lead                    Durrant Group, a full-service archi-   projects throughout the United States.         interior design firm based in Raleigh,
designer on several projects; Jeff Feni-         tecture and engineering firm appointed         Healy, Bender & Associates Inc.,           N.C., was certified as a professional ser-
more is a leader in the firm’s Minneapo-         Damon K. Leverett, AIA, as director of     an architecture, engineering and plan-         vices marketer from the Society for Pro-
lis-based practice; Kevin Greischar is a         design at the firm’s Phoenix office. He    ning services firm in Naperville, Ill., pro-   fessional Ser vices Marketing. She has
leader in the Kansas City region; and            has more than 23 years experience in       moted Dave Patton from project                 more than eight years of marketing
Tom Mitchell, business development               mixed-use planning and design in the       manager to principal. He has been with         experience in the architectural, engi-
leader, has been with the Overland Park,         commercial, healthcare and higher edu-     the firm for 14 years and will continue as     neering and construction industries. In
Kansas City, office for six years. Martin        cation markets.                            the firm’s director of production.             addition, Laura Ewan joined the firm
Berglund, AIA, LEED AP, a member of                  Construction management and                Randy Gibson, SE, PE, was appointed        as marketing coordinator. She will be
the Omaha-based firm’s justice team,             design/build company Moss and              president of Chicago-based architecture        responsible for coordinating internal
specializes in state and private correc-         Associates LLC, of Ocala, Fla., pro-       firm PSA-Dewberr y. He previously              employee communication, preparing
tional facilities, law enforcement facili-       moted Ross Cooper to operations            served as the firm’s Mid-West regional         presentation materials and supporting
ties and county jails, focusing mainly on        manager for its corrections division.      manager and has been with the firm for         the marketing department in external
programming, predesign and schematic             He will oversee operations for all cor-    more than 20 years. He has experience          operations. Michael P. Hanson joined
design. In addition, Timothy Gibson,             rectional projects, providing leader-      with design, project management and            the firm as a project manager. He will
AIA, of the firm’s Orlando, Fla., office,        ship, training and suppor t for the        office management.                             be responsible for the design, layout,

                         Circle #103 on reader service card.                                                             Circle #104 on reader service card.
4   CORRECTIONAL N E W S — M A R C H / A P R I L 2 0 0 8                                                                                           
Circle #105 on reader service card.
documentation and coordination of
multiple projects at the firm’s new
Philadelphia studio.
    Portland, Ore.-based architecture,
interior design and planning firm Hen-
neber y Eddy Architects Inc. hired
three new staff members. Steve Eggle-
ston, who has more than 13 years of
experience with project design, joined               R.Gibson                DeWitt                     Ewan                  Eggleston         Sandstrom                 Oyler
the firm as project architect. Steven
Sandstrom and Kathy Aulwes were                     Suf folk Construction Co. Inc., a           Irvine, Calif., announced several hires.   general manager of its West Coast divi-
hired as project designers.                      general building contractor located in         The company appointed Dave Cavecche        sion. He has more than 20 years of com-
                                                                                                                                           mercial construction experience. Jake
                                                                                                                                           Jones, Sam Laham and Ali Fadavi
                                                                                                                                           were appointed operations managers.
                                                                                                                                               Cannon Design, an architecture,
                                                                                                                                           planning and design firm specializing in
                                                                                                                                           the healthcare, government and educa-
                                                                                                                                           tion markets, appointed Craig Booth,
                                                                                                                                           AIA, LEED AP, associate principal at the
                                                                                                                                           company’s Los Angeles office. He has
                                                                                                                                           more than 22 years of design experience.
                                                                                                                                           In addition, Raymon Soto, LC, joined the
                                                                                                                                           company’s Buffalo, N.Y., office as the
                                                                                                                                           lighting design specialist. He has more
                                                                                                                                           than 30 years of experience as an electri-
                                                                                                                                           cal designer.
                                                                                                                                               HRG, a consulting firm headquar-
                                                                                                                                           tered in Harrisburg, Pa., that provides
                                                                                                                                           engineering, sur veying and construc-
                                                                                                                                           tion administration services, promoted
                                                                                                                                           Doug Weikel, P.E., to manage the
                                                                                                                                           operations of its civil service group. He
                                                                                                                                           formerly ser ved as the regional man-
                                                                                                                                           ager of the civil ser vice group in the
                                                                                                                                           State College of fice. His experience
                                                                                                                                           includes municipal planning, construc-
                                                                                                                                           tion management, contract administra-
                                                                                                                                           tion, and site design.

                                                                                                                                               Kenny Oyler was promoted to direc-
                                                                                                                                           tor of the Monster Separation Systems
                                                                                                                                           division at Costa Mesa, Calif.-based JWC
                                                                                                                                           Environmental, a manufacturer and
                                                                                                                                           provider of services for wastewater treat-
                                                                                                                                           ment. He has worked in the wastewater
                                                  Circle #106 on reader service card.
                                                                                                                                           industry since 1980, including employ-

                         VisitPhone System 500
                                                                                                                                           ment with IDI, FMC and US Filters.
                                                                                                                                               Robert Goble, principal at Carter
                                                                                                                                           Goble Lee LLC, of Columbia, S.C., was
                                                                                                                                           elected to the Board of Directors of the
    DIRECT THROUGH-THE-WALL VISITATION PHONE SYSTEM                                                                                        International Corrections and Prisons
                                                                                                                                           Association at the 9th annual general
                                                                                                                                           meeting and conference held in
                                                                                                                                           Bangkok, Thailand.
                                                                        HIGH OUTPUT MAGNETIC TELEPHONE PAIR                                    Halco Lighting Technologies, a
                                                                        N Hearing aid compatible. Optionally available with
                                                                          ADA mandated volume control.                                     manufacturer of lamps and ballasts
                                                                        N Optionally available with remote                                 designed for commercial and residen-
                                                                          monitoring.                                                      tial applications, appointed Ernest L.
                                                                        N Direct through-the-wall installation,                            Johnson product manager. He will be
                                                                          no long conduit runs.                                            responsible for planning, organizing
                                                                        N No remote power supplies or                                      and controlling the halogen lamp
                                                                          circuit card modules.
                                                                        N No hum, line interference,
                                                                                                                                           product lines.
                                                                          leakage or crosstalk.                                                Tilt-Con Corporation, of Orlando,
                                                                        N Installation and maintenance                                     Fla., a supplier of tilt-up concrete con-
                                                                          without specialized knowledge.                                   struction, appointed Carla Getz esti-
                                                                        N Available (as shown) with nickel chrome plated hanger            mator and Chris Paren assistant
                                                                          or optionally with the hanger rigged for separate mounting.      project engineer.
                                                                        Other features: Five year warranty on transmitter and receiver         Patrick Murphy joined New York-
                                                                        elements • Anti-tamper screws on stainless steel two gang wall     based Sabre Integrated Security Sys-
     Visit Our Web Site:                                                plate • Two gang, cast aluminum, surface mount backbox             tems, a security systems facilitator that                                                  provided, also fits existing recessed two gang box • 32” Spiral
                                                                        wound stainless steel armored cable with strain relief • Anti-
                                                                                                                                           provides site survey, risk analysis, speci-
                                                                        tamper screws for transmitter/receiver clamp rings.                fication, design, installation, training and
                                                                                                                                           ongoing preventive maintenance. Prior

                                                                                                                                           to joining the company, he was an area
                                                      VISITATION PHONE SYSTEMS                 For more information call:                  manager with CitiGroup’s security
                                                      FOR CORRECTIONS                                                                      investigative services division.
    SOUND POWERED COMMUNICATIONS P.O. Box 5569, Trenton, NJ 08638
                                                                                             800-431-0033                                      Sodexho, a provider of integrated
                                                                                                                                           food and facilities management ser-
                                                  Circle #107 on reader service card.
                                                                                                                                           vices headquartered in Gaithersburg,

6   CORRECTIONAL N E W S — M A R C H / A P R I L 2 0 0 8                                                                                            
                                                                                                                                PEOPLE IN THE NEWS
Md., appointed James Taylor presi-          management, he will be responsible for   and indirect sales
dent of the company’s U.S. Senior Ser-      the regional sales team and developing   force.
vices Division. He has been with the        channel partner plans.                      Unger Enter-
company for six years and has more              Steven Roofing Systems, a sup-       prises Inc., a
than 24 years of experience in the food     plier of commercial roofing mem-         manufacturer and
service industry.                           branes headquar tered in Holyoke,        supplier of profes-
    UltraViolet Devices Inc., a manu-       Mass., appointed Peter Kesser vice       sional     cleaning
facturer and supplier of UV and molecu-     president of sales and marketing.        tools, hired Brian
lar filtration products headquartered in    With more than 20 years of manage-       Alexson as vice             Goble                Getz               Paren
Valencia, Calif., promoted Martin G.        ment experience, he will be responsi-    president of sales.
Albert to national sales manager for dis-   ble for overseeing all domestic sales    In his new position, he will be respon-    tomer ser vice. Prior to joining the
tribution. With more than 20 years expe-    and marketing activities, including      sible for the company’s inside and         company, he worked for Ser vice Mas-
rience in business development and          management of the company’s direct       channel sales depar tments and cus-        ter for 17 years.

  March 4-6: National Facilities
  Management & Technology, Con-
  ference & Exposition; Baltimore
  Convention Center, Baltimore.
  March 5-9: Associated Builders
  and Contractors, National Con-
  vention; Caribe Hilton, San Juan,
  Puerto Rico. Contact Gerry Fritz at
  (703-812-2062) or
  March 9-12: National Correctional
  Industries Association, National
  Training Conference; Albuquerque
  Convention Center, Albuquerque,
  N.M. Visit
  April 2-4: International Security
  West, Conference and Exposition;
  Sands Exposition and Convention
  Center, Las Vegas. Visit
  April 5-8: Modular Building Insti-
  tute, 25th Anniversary Convention
  and Trade Show; Hyatt Regency
  Coconut Point, Bonita Sprints, Fla.
  April 14: CPO Foundation, 21st
  Annual Survivors’ Golf Tourna-
  ment; Granite Bay Golf Club,
  Granite Bay, Calif. Contact Pat
  Bjorklund at (800) 800-2763 or
  May 4-8: American Jail Associa-
  tion, Annual Training Conference
  and Jail Exposition; Sacramento
  Convention Center, Sacramento,
  Calif. Visit
  May 12-16: Texas Jail Association,
  Spring Conference; Renaissance
  Austin Hotel, Austin, Texas. Visit
  May 17-20: National Commission
  on Correctional Health Care,
  Updates in Correctional Health
  Care; San Antonio. Visit
  Oct. 26-31: International Correc-
  tions and Prisons Association, 10th
  Annual General Meeting and
  Conference “A Decade of Lessons
  Learned,” Prague, Czech Repub-
  lic. Visit

  Submit calendar listings to
  Correctional News via e-mail,; fax, (415)
  460-6288; or mail: 1241 Ander-
  sen Drive, Suite N; San Rafael,
  CA, 94901
                                                                                          Circle #108 on reader service card.                                                                                            CORRECTIONAL NEWS — MARCH/APRIL 2008           7
Federal Judge Replaces California
State Prison Healthcare Czar
    SAN FRANCISCO — Less than two                decades as a result of political expedi-                 which stifle the will and almost preclude
years after he was appointed to overhaul         ency, incompetence and the creation of                   any reasonable ability of the state to
the state’s troubled prison healthcare           a wasteful custody and healthcare                        remedy the situation, necessitated the
system, a federal judge removed Robert           operation devoid of accountability,”                     creation of the receivership, according
Sillen from his high-profile post.               Sillen wrote early last year in a report                 to Sillen.
    Citing the need for a new style of col-      to the judge.                                                “They had ample opportunity for
laborative leadership to reform the                   However, he failed to meet his initial              three or more years — after signing
state’s prison healthcare system, U.S.           deadline in developing a plan of action to               stipulated agreements — to bring
District Judge Thelton E. Henderson              correct the problems and his reform                      healthcare up to constitutional levels,”
named seasoned state government trou-            plans were later criticized as being long                Sillen says. “Not only did they not
bleshooter and Sacramento law profes-            and unfocused.                                           achieve their goals, they didn’t even lift                       Sillen
sor J. Clark Kelso to lead the California             This second phase of the mandated                   a finger to try.”
Prison Healthcare Receivership Corp.             reform process “demands a substan-                           In 2007, he opposed the Schwarzeneg-
    Kelso, director of the Capital Cen-          tially different set of administrative skills            ger administration and state lawmakers             Sillen also authorized construction of
ter for Government and Law Policy at             and style of collaborative leadership,”                  over their $8 billion prison reform pack-      a new emergency room at San Quentin
University of the Pacific’s McGeorge             Henderson says.                                          age, and also suggested that he should         State Prison, acquired patient transport
School of Law in Sacramento, Calif.,                                                                      control the hiring of correctional officers.   vehicles for ever y prison facility, and
has held several state government                                                                             Sillen also marginalized inmates’          announced the comprehensive overhaul
posts, including interim state insur-                “I think it would benefit the                        rights advocates. He asked Judge               of the prison pharmacy system.
ance commissioner. He recently                                                                            Henderson to stop inmate lawyers                    Judge Henderson established the
resigned from his position as the                     state if the Legislature and                        from inspecting his work and slowing           receivership under Sillen’s leadership as
state’s chief information officer, which                                                                  his progress.                                  the result of a 2001 class-action lawsuit
he had held since 2002.                              governor did what needs to                               Following his April 2006 appoint-          over the quality of medical care in Cali-
    While praising Sillen’s “bold, cre-                                                                   ment as receiver, Sillen added approxi-        fornia’s 33-prison corrections system.
ative leadership style,” in diagnosing
                                                      be done, which is reform.”                          mately $300 million to the prison                  Henderson found the standard of
problems and dysfunction in the system,                                                                   budget and sought an additional $500           inmate care — with an average of one
Judge Henderson voiced dissatisfaction                                                                    million in budget increases for the fol-       unnecessary death per week — violated
with the pace of reform under Sillen.                During his tenure, Sillen frequently                 lowing fiscal year.                            the Eighth Amendment prohibition
    The receivership has reached a “crit-        clashed with lawmakers and other stake-                      Drawing on a $125 million special          against cruel and unusual punishment.
ical juncture” where necessary changes           holders, whom he blamed for the crisis                   state fund, Sillen raised salaries for doc-        The state settled the suit in 2002,
and solutions must be implemented so             in prison healthcare.                                    tors and nurses, reduced chronic staff         agreeing to implement a range of reforms
that the system may be transferred back              “I have to remind them that had they                 vacancy rates, and replaced medical assis-     designed to bring prison medical care in
to state control within a “reasonable            not gone so far as to violate the Constitu-              tants with licensed vocational nurses.         line with constitutional standards.
time frame,” Henderson writes.                   tion, they wouldn’t have me to contend                       The former executive director of the           However, in June 2005, Henderson
    Sillen was given broad powers to run         with,” said Sillen in a September inter-                 Santa Clara Valley Health and Hospital         announced the creation of the
prison healthcare and order additional           view with Correctional News. “I think it                 System, he requested more than $800            receivership to assume control of Cali-
spending in the state’s overcrowded,             would benefit the state if the Legislature               million to build new prison healthcare         fornia’s prison healthcare system,
understaffed prison medical wards.               and governor did what needs to be done,                  facilities with 10,000 new beds, and out-      after ruling that the state had failed to
    “The crisis in California’s prisons          which is reform.”                                        lined a $3 billion plan to provide 5,000       significantly improve prison health-
was created over the past several                    The politics of prisons in California,               long-term care beds, officials say.            care standards.

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                          Circle #109 on reader service card.                                                                           Circle #110 on reader service card.
8   CORRECTIONAL N E W S — M A R C H / A P R I L 2 0 0 8                                                                                                         
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Western Regional Office:            Southwest Regional Office:        Eastern Regional Offices:
125 Gandy Dancer Drive, Ste. 140    446 North Austin Drive, Ste. 1    624 Pool Drive Drive             9086 Junction Drive, Ste. 2 A
Tracy, California 95377             Chandler, AZ 85226                Garner, NC 27529                 Annapolis Junction, MD 20701
Phone: 925/455-1131                 Phone: 480/940-6970               Phone: 919/779-0006              Phone: 240/568-9060                        3224 Mobile Highway
                                                                                                                                            Montgomery, Alabama 36108
                                                                                                                                                  Phone: 334-281-8440
New Jersey Bans Death Penalty                                                                                                               death penalty with life in prison with-
                                                                                                                                            out parole best captures our state’s
                                                                                                                                            highest values and reflects our best
                                                                                                                                            ef for ts to search for true justice,”
    TRENTON, N.J. — New Jersey Gov.                  “Today New Jersey evolves,”            use of the death penalty since the U.S.         Corzine said.
John S. Corzine ended 2007 by signing a          Corzine said after signing the measure     Supreme Court reinstated capital pun-               Although New Jersey reinstated
measure abolishing capital punishment            into law. “This is a day of progress for   ishment in 1976.                                the death penalty in 1982, six years
in the state.                                    us and for the millions of people across       Gov. Corzine put the law into action        after the Supreme Court reauthoriza-
    The new law, which replaces the sen-         our nation and around the globe who        as he signed orders commuting the sen-          tion, no executions have been carried
tence of death with a sentence of life           reject the death penalty as a moral or     tences of eight death-row inmates.              out since 1963.
without parole, makes New Jersey the             practical response to the grievous, even       “I have been moved by the passion-              Iowa and West Virginia, in 1965,
first state to abolish the death penalty in      heinous, crime of murder.”                 ate views on both sides of this issue,          were the last states to abolish capital
more than 40 years.                                  New Jersey is the first state to end   and I firmly believe that replacing the         punishment.

                                                                                            United States Executions Hit 13-year Low in 2007
                                                                                                WASHINGTON — The number of                  sylvania, did not carr y out any execu-
                                                                                            executions carried out in the United            tions during 2007. New Jersey abol-
                                                                                            States in 2007 fell to its lowest point since   ished capital punishment.
                                                                                            1994, according to the annual report by             The report also revealed that the num-
                                                                                            the Death Penalty Information Center.           ber of death sentences handed out by
                                                                                                The 13-year low of 42 executions            courts throughout the United States dur-
                                                                                            during 2007 also represents a decline of        ing 2007 declined 4 percent from 2006 to
                                                                                            more than 50 percent from the 98 execu-         110 — 60 percent less than the 276 death
                                                                                            tions in 1999 — the high-water mark in          sentences issued during 1999.
                                                                                            the modern era of capital punishment.               Litigation over lethal injection — the
                                                                                                Only 10 states executed inmates in          prevailing mode of execution in the United
                                                                                            2007, with Texas accounting for 26 of           States — played a significant role in reduc-
                                                                                            the 42 executions, according to the             ing the number of executions, according
                                                                                            Washington-based nonprofit. Several             to the report. More than 40 inmates were
                                                                                            states with large death row populations,        granted stays of execution in the wake of
                                                                                            including California, Florida and Penn-         lethal injection challenges during 2007.

                                                                                            Spitzer Announces Cost-Cutting Prison Closure Plan
                                                                                                ALBANY, N.Y. — Gov. Eliot Spitzer               The closures are projected to save
                                                                                            announced plans to close four state cor-        the Department of Correctional Ser-
                                                                                            rectional facilities that are operating at      vices more than $10 million in operating
                                                                                            up to 50 percent of total rated capacity.       costs in fiscal year 2008-09 and more
                                                                                                The state’s declining prison popula-        than $33 million annually beginning fis-
                                                                                            tion prompted the decision to close the         cal year 2009-10, according to reports. In
                                                                                            three under-capacity minimum-secu-              addition, the department estimates
                                                                                            rity correctional camps in Saratoga,            prison capital expenditure savings of
                                                                                            Franklin and Chenango counties, and             approximately $30 million.
                                                                                            the medium-security Hudson Correc-                  The savings will help offset the esti-
                                                                                            tional facility in Columbia County, offi-       mated $70 million in capital project
                                                                                            cials say.                                      costs and $20.5 million in annual oper-
                                                                                                In addition to expanded mental              ating costs the DOCS will incur in
                                                                                            health treatment and specialized pro-           delivering newly mandated facilities
                                                                                            gramming mandates, the implementa-              and programming for special needs
                                                                                            tion of sentencing reforms and                  inmates, officials say.
                                                                                            Legislature-directed early release pro-             New legislation and a recent court
                                                                                            grams for nonviolent offenders has con-         settlement require the DOCS to create
                                                                                            tributed to the state’s declining prison        new dedicated facilities, hire addi-
                                                                                            population, officials say.                      tional specialized staf f, and provide
                                                                                                Since 1999, the state prison popula-        enhanced mental health and sex
                                                                                            tion declined from approximately 71,000         offender programming.
                                                                                            inmates to about 63,000 inmates, a drop             While the 422-bed Hudson facility
                                                                                            of more than 12 percent. Between 1996           houses 415 inmates, all three camp facil-
                                                                                            and 2007, the number of inmates held at         ities are operating significantly below
                                                                                            medium-security prisons decreased by            capacity, officials say. The 300-bed
                                                                                            approximately 18 percent, while the             McGregor facility houses 165 inmates,
                                                                                            number of inmates housed at minimum-            while the 336-bed Gabriels and 258-bed
                                                                                            security facilities dropped by about 47         Pharsalia facilities house 187 and 165
                                                                                            percent, officials say.                         inmates, respectively.

                                                                                             Feds Award Contract for $230 Million Prison
                                                                                               BERLIN, N.H. — The Federal Bureau            new 1,280-bed medium-security prison.
                                                                                             of Prisons awarded the design-build              Covering 590,000 square feet, the
                                                                                             contract for a new $230 million federal        complex will feature six housing units
                                                                                             correctional institution to Bell Construc-     — three two-story general-population
                                                                                             tors Inc. of Rochester, N.Y., and the          units and one two-story special unit —
                                                                                             New York office of Heery International.        recreational space, and healthcare,
                                                                                               Oldcastle Precast Modular Group, of          educational and administrative com-
                                                                                             Telford, Pa., will manufacture, outfit and     ponents. The project is scheduled for
                                                                                             erect 864 precast concrete cells for the       completion by 2010, officials say.
                        Circle #112 on reader service card.
10   CORRECTIONAL N E W S — M A R C H / A P R I L 2 0 0 8                                                                                            
Audit Finds Oklahoma Prisons                                                                                                                             states — in 1998, the parole rate
                                                                                                                                                         dropped to 7.5 percent — the repor t
                                                                                                                                                         also recommends transferring respon-

Need $55 Million Investment                                                                                                                              sibility for routine parole decisions to
                                                                                                                                                         the state’s Pardon and Parole Board.
                                                                                                                                                         Oklahoma is the only state where the
                                                                                                                                                         governor must approve all parole
    OKLAHOMA CITY — The anti-                that have failed to yield significant        extended probation or short jail terms                         requests.
quated, underfunded state prison sys-        decreases in the prison population.          that other states use to punish offend-                            The department’s Board of Correc-
tem is in need of a $55 million                 Offenders who fail to complete the        ers, according to the report.                                  tions should be abolished or limited to
investment and a strategic policy over-      program are sentenced to an average             Noting that Oklahoma has parole                             an advisor y role, according to the
haul to improve safety and efficiency,       of 17 months in prison, compared to          rates significantly lower than other                           report.
according to an independent audit.
     In a report to the state Legislature,
Florida-based public sector manage-
ment research and consulting firm
MGT of America Inc. recommends the
immediate appropriation of $25 million

                                                                       Totala Control
to the state prison system and a $30
million increase in the Department of
Corrections budget for the upcoming
fiscal year.
    More than $5 million should be allo-
cated to hire additional correctional and
parole officers, according to the report.
However, an $18 million cost-cutting

                                                                        in Box!
plan could offset the recommended
increases in investment.
    State appropriations to the DOC
remained relatively stagnant between
2002 and 2005, at approximately $400
million, officials say.
    MGT was commissioned by the
Legislature to complete a comprehen-
sive performance review with a pri-
mar y focus on developing steps to
improve efficiency and reduce costs.
    The review was also instigated to
plan for future growth of the prison pop-
ulation, which is projected to increase
from 25,000 inmates to 29,000 inmates
by 2016.
    Many state prison facilities are anti-
quated and in ver y poor condition.
Serious deterioration in the depar t-
ment’s physical plant and infrastruc-
ture present a risk to the health and
safety of staff and inmates, according
to the report.
    Oklahoma State Penitentiar y in
McAlester dates back to 1908, and
several other state prison facilities
were constr ucted during the 1970s
and 1980s.
    The department requested $573 mil-                     The Hatbox ® Rapid Deployment Unit keeps you in control
lion for 2009, which includes funds to
operate more than 1,000 new beds. A                                   The Hatbox RDU is designed for security
$310 million bond program was pro-                            personnel who need to manage potential trouble                      Each hatbox contains:
posed to fund construction of new state
prisons that would provide more than                              and regain or maintain control of threatening                   I A single 30" x 50' Instabarrier ® coil
3,800 beds.                                                  situations. It deploys and retracts quickly for fast                 I Gloves
    The MGT report recommends the                           response and repeated use. Use it indoors or out.                     I Kevlar arm guards
use of private prisons to expand system                                                                                           I Ground stakes, ties, twist hooks - everything
capacity to meet future inmate popula-                              - in yards, streets, hallways, stairwells and
                                                                                                                                     needed for immediate use
tion growth.                                                      entrance / exit areas - wherever you need fast
                                                                                                                                  I Housed in a hard plastic fiber canister (hatbox)
    The audit’s recommendation for                              response to and control of an emerging threat.
immediate investment includes nearly
$14 million to secure 660 maximum-                                      Call us for more information about how Razor Ribbon ® can help you contain emerging threats.
security beds at Davis Correctional                                                  See our full line of Razor Ribbon ® products at
Facility, which is operated by Correc-
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and updating facilities, the audit recom-                                                Toll free at: 877.285.4066   International: 740.928.1018 Fax: 740.928.4444
mends a comprehensive review of sen-
tencing policies, which it cites as the
primary factor driving increases in the
state’s prison population.
    As par t of its cost-cutting plan,
MGT recommends a review of the
str ucture, guidelines and per for-
mance of diversionar y dr ug cour ts,                                                         Circle #113 on reader service card.                                                                                                              CORRECTIONAL NEWS — MARCH/APRIL 2008                    11
Report Finds 4.5 Percent of Inmates                                                                                                                timization, according to the report.
                                                                                                                                                       The survey of inmates at 146 state
                                                                                                                                                   and federal prisons identified 10 facilities

Suffer Sexual Victimization                                                                                                                        with victimization rates ranging from 9.3
                                                                                                                                                   percent to 15.7 percent, while six facilities
                                                                                                                                                   had no reports of sexual victimization.
    WASHINGTON — An estimated                      inmates, while almost 3 percent of                   report estimated 85 nonconsensual inci-        Of the 10 state and federal prisons
60,500 state and federal inmates, or 4.5           inmates reported incidents involving                 dents with staff per 1,000 inmates.        with the highest rates of sexual victimiza-
percent of the total inmate population,            staff members, according to the Bureau                  An estimated 0.8 percent of             tion, three facilities had prevalence rates
reported sexual victimization during 2007,         of Justice Statistics.                               inmates reported being injured — stab      of more than 10 percent for incidents
according to a Justice Department survey.              Inmates reported an estimated 56                 wounds, broken bones, vaginal/anal         involving staff, according to the report.
    Approximately 2 percent of inmates             incidents of nonconsensual inmate-on-                tearing, and less serious injuries, such       Administrative sur veys conducted
reported incidents involving other                 inmate incidents per 1,000 inmates. The              as bruises — as a result of sexual vic-    during 2006 found that approximately
                                                                                                                                                   25 percent of allegations brought to the
                                                                                                                                                   attention of correctional authorities
                                                                                                                                                   were determined to be false, according
 New! New! New! & Revolutionary                                                                              3 Year Wty                            to the Bureau of Justice Statistics.
                                                                                                                                                       Mandated by the Prison Rape Elimi-
                                            SECURITY    FIRST™      CORRECTIONAL MATTRESSES                                                        nation Act, the voluntary survey sampled
                          THE ORIGINAL, AWARDED PATENT NO. US 6,952,851 B 1 AND OTHER PAT. PEND. * VINYL PRODUCTS 38TH YEAR                        23,398 inmates at state and federal pris-
                                                                                                                                                   ons throughout the United States.
         $85 MATTRESS = $400+ SAVINGS TO YOU OVER 4 YEARS.
                CREATING A SAFER WORK
                                                                                                             SAVES YOU TIME AND $$$$               Court Upholds Firing of
                                                                                                          AN INVESTMENT WITH A RETURN!
                 DISCOURAGES INMATES
                                                                                                             PAYS FOR ITSELF IN A YEAR!
                                                                                                                                                   Officers in Biker Gang
                                                                                                             OUR COVER LASTS 2-5 TIMES
                     WELDED SEAMS!                                                                                                                     NEW YORK — The Connecticut
                                                                                                               LONGER THAN OTHERS.
            NO THREAD. NO SCRIM TO MAKE                                                                                                            Department of Corrections did not vio-
                                                                                                                    RESISTS MRSA
                  WEAPONS OR TOOLS                                                                                                                 late the Constitution in disciplining or ter-
                                                                                                                  MEETS FIRE CODE
                    EASIEST TO CLEAN!                                                                                                              minating four correctional officers for
                                                                                                         CA TB 121, IFC 803.7.4 ASTM E 1590
     REDUCES YOUR LIABILITY!!                                                                                                                      their association with the Outlaws motor-
                                                                                                            16 CFR 1632.4 & 16 CFR 1633
                                                                                                                                                   cycle club, a federal appeals court ruled.
                     The Real Deal! • That is Why Our Customers Order More!                                                                            In a 77-page ruling, the 2nd U.S. Cir-
                                                                                                                                                   cuit Court of Appeals in New York said
 • The tough window clear mattress saves us money. Inmates don’t destroy clear mattresses like other mattresses because the clear,                 the department’s interest in maintaining
 see-thru vinyl deters inmates from even trying to hide contraband.” A.P. TX 04/24/2006
                                                                                                                                                   the “efficiency, security and integrity of
 • “The Security First™ Correctional Mattresses are holding up well. We had not previously seen anything like the window clear cover
 – until we bought these. Nor have we seen a comparable product since. It is a unique product. The window clear vinyl makes them                   its operations outweighed the associa-
 quick, easy and safe for our officers to inspect. For us, that translates to more efficient use of officer resources saving us -- and the tax-    tional interests” of the officers.
 payers -- money. The hermetically sealed seam eliminates mattress tampering and using thread as a tool or a weapon. We’ve only had
 one Security First™ mattress intentionally destroyed in the year they’ve been in service. Our officers are very happy with them.” B.M.
 WA 05/18/2006
 • “We had not previously seen anything like the window clear cover—until we bought these. The hermetically sealed seam eliminates
                                                                                                                                                      The department’s interest in
 mattress tampering and using thread or scrim as a tool or weapon.” J.M. UT 05/16/2006
 • “I like the mattresses because of the clear cover which allows quick and safe inspections.” M.D. AL 01/2006
                                                                                                                                                      maintaining the “efficiency,
 UPGRADING TO THE NEW FIRE STANDARD HAS RESULTED IN A MILESTONE 3 LB DENSITY FIBER PAD A BREAK-THROUGH WITH                                        security and integrity of its oper-
                                                                                                                                                     ations outweighed the associa-
                                                    Circle #114 on reader service card.                                                              tional interests” of the officers.

                                                                                                                                                       The DOC had information that the
                                                                                                                                                   Outlaws were involved in illegal activi-
                                                                                                                                                   ties, including racketeering and drug
                                                                                                                                                   trafficking, in other states, and the offi-
                                                                                                                                                   cers’ association with the group had the
                                                                                                                                                   potential to negatively impact or disrupt
                                                                                                                                                   DOC operations, according to the three-
                                                                                                                                                   judge panel.
                                                                                                                                                       In 2003, the DOC received an anony-
                                                                                                                                                   mous letter alleging several employees
                                                                                                                                                   were involved with the Outlaws. DOC
                                                                                                                                                   administrators concluded that the offi-
                                                                                                                                                   cers’ membership in the club posed a
                                                                                                                                                   security risk to prisoners and issued an
                                                                                                                                                   administrative directive regarding the
                                                                                                                                                   conduct of officers, officials say.
                                                                                                                                                       Following a departmental investiga-
                                                                                                                                                   tion, three of the plaintiffs in the case
                                                                                                                                                   and another correctional officer, not
                                                                                                                                                   party to the suit, were dismissed in
                                                                                                                                                   2004. A fourth plaintiff was disciplined
                                                                                                                                                   for his conduct, officials say.
                                                                                                                                                       The three terminated plaintiffs were
                                                                                                                                                   subsequently reinstated by the DOC,
                                                                                                                                                   officials say.
                                                                                                                                                       The lawyer for the four officers argued
                                                                                                                                                   that the disciplinary action imposed on
                                                                                                                                                   the officers by the department, due to
                                                                                                                                                   their association with the motorcycle club,
                                                                                                                                                   violated their constitutional rights to free-
                                                                                                                                                   dom of association and due process of law.
                                                    Circle #115 on reader service card.
12    CORRECTIONAL N E W S — M A R C H / A P R I L 2 0 0 8
Marshals Service To House Inmates                                                                                                       Bexar County, Texas, approved the
                                                                                                                                        extension of Geo Group’s contract to
                                                                                                                                        operate the 688-bed Central Texas

at Geo Group Facility in Georgia                                                                                                        Detention Facility in San Antonio.
                                                                                                                                           Geo has managed the facility,
                                                                                                                                        which houses inmates for the U.S.
    LOVEJOY, Ga. — Federal authori-             county, which includes two five-year         million in annual revenue for Geo, offi-   Marshals Ser vice and Immigration
ties signed a 20-year contract with Geo         extension options, officials say.            cials say.                                 and Customs Enforcement, since 1988.
Group to house more than 700 inmates                At the rated capacity of 768 beds, and       Construction work at the Deyton        The private prison operator can now
at a former Georgia county jail.                guaranteed occupancy rate of 80 per-         Detention Facility is scheduled for com-   enter formalized negotiations to
    Under the terms of the agreement,           cent, operations at the facility are pro-    pletion by end of 2008.                    extend its existing contract for a fur-
which is for an initial five-year period with   jected to generate approximately $20             In other news, commissioners in        ther five years, officials say.
three five-year extension options, the
Florida-based Geo Group will house up to
768 federal inmates of all security classifi-
cations for the U.S. Marshals Service at
the Robert A. Deyton Detention Facility.
    The facility’s central regional loca-
tion and proximity to the airport will
ease transportation issues for the Mar-
shals Ser vice in the southeast region,
officials say.
    The former 576-bed Clayton County
Jail, which was closed due to substan-
dard conditions, is undergoing an $8 mil-
lion renovation and expansion project
designed to bring the facility up to stan-
dard and increase its capacity by 192
beds, officials say.
    Geo pays approximately $200,000 to
lease the facility from Clayton County.
Lease payments will increase over the
term of the 20-year contract with the

  Ohio County Implements
  Electronic Fingerprinting
    VAN WERT, Ohio — Van Wert
  Correctional Facility’s inmate pro-
  cessing area no longer relies on
  black ink and wipes after officials
  implemented a new electronic fin-
  gerprinting system.
    The LiveScan system, which elec-
  tronically captures and stores fin-
  ger and palm prints, was
  purchased by the Van Wert County
  Sheriff’s Office with a more than
  $38,000 grant from state authori-
  ties, officials say.
    Together with the Bureau of
  Criminal Identification and Inves-
  tigation, which maintains the
  state’s criminal history and Auto-
  mated Fingerprint Identification
  System, Ohio’s attorney general’s
  office is dispersing almost $3 mil-
  lion in federal funding to expand
  the use of electronic fingerprint
  technology at the local level.
    Creating a statewide electronic
  criminal history and fingerprint
  identification database will
  enhance the efficiency, effective-
  ness and reliability law enforce-
  ment operations and inter-agency
  cooperation, officials say.
    All but a few of Ohio’s 88 coun-
  ties have accessed grants to
  implement new electronic finger-
  print systems under the project,
  officials say.
    The attorney general’s office is
  seeking additional federal fund-
  ing to equip all local law
  enforcement agencies with the
  LiveScan units.
                                                                                               Circle #116 on reader service card.                                                                                                   CORRECTIONAL NEWS — MARCH/APRIL 2008              13
Acquisitions Propel Argyle Security Expansion
    SAN ANTONIO — Argyle Security                  with Argyle and the group’s overall strat-   relationship, to enhance the group’s
Inc. continued its recent merger and               egy in a Q&A article in the January/Feb-     entr y into the California market.
acquisition activity with the $14 million          ruary issue of Correctional News.                 The acquisition of Com-Tec, a long-
purchase of three security companies.                  “One of our primar y focuses from        time competitor of ISI Security’s MCS-
    Wisconsin-based Com-Tec Security,              an acquisition standpoint is to com-         Detention division, will generate
which designs and manufactures elec-               plete the national footprint of our com-     significant operational synergies for
tronic security and communications sys-            mercial por tion of our business,”           both companies through the exchange
tems for the detention and commercial              Youngblood says.                             of circuitr y and automated program-
markets, will merge with Argyle Secu-                  ISI provides security products for       ming technologies, officials say.
rity, officials say.                               correctional facilities through its ISI           Metroplex       Control       Systems’
    San Antonio-based ISI Security                 Detention Contracting Group and              OneLink van allows MCS programmers
Group — acquired by Argyle in July —               Metroplex Control Systems divisions.         to perform system programming and               MCS’ OneLink remote service enhances
will operate Orange, Calif. -based                     Developing a presence across mar-        maintenance on site when no other               system troubleshooting.
Peterson Detention, which manufac-                 ket sectors will prove beneficial for the    remote communications are available,
tures furniture and windows for the                development of technology as the group       officials say.                                  Detention Contracting Group.
detention industr y, and Baton Rouge,              moves practices and ideas from one                OneLink enhances troubleshooting               Argyle revised its 2008 revenue pro-
La. -based FireQuest, a commercial fire            industr y to another, including correc-      and improves client service during system       jections upward to between $115 mil-
alarm and suppression systems firm.                tions, Youngblood says.                      installation, maintenance and upgrade by        lion and $142 million in the wake of the
    Sam Youngblood, co-founder and                     Of ficials expect the ver tical inte-    enabling programmers to exert an on-site        acquisitions. All three companies will
chief executive officer of ISI Security,           gration of ISI and Peterson Detention,       presence through remote access, while           maintain their brands and current
discussed his company’s recent merger              which have an established business           utilizing the group’s full array of technical   staffing configuration in the short term,
                                                                                                resources, says David Tidwell of ISI            officials say.

     North Dakota Invests in Correctional Officer Education
        BISMARK, N.D. — The Department             replacement and training, officials say.
                                                                                                AT&T Hit With $300,000 Fine for Prison Call Overcharges
     of Corrections and Rehabilitation will          A recent departmental study found
     offer employees assistance in earn-           that many entry-level employees did not          OLYMPIA, Wash. — The Washington             were less than $1, one individual was
     ing an associate’s degree under a             possess a college degree and did not         Utilities and Transportation Commission         overcharged more than $2,100 on 400
     new initiative to reduce staff turnover.      see a career path that would allow           fined AT&T more than $300,000 for over-         separate calls and more than 20 individu-
        Under the program with North               them to attain higher positions within       charging inmates on collect calls at two        als were overcharged approximately $500
     Dakota University System Schools, the         the DOCR due to their lack of                state prisons.                                  each, officials say.
     DOCR will pay for the first three course      advanced education.                              The commission identified almost                The company, which blamed subcon-
     credits taken toward an online associ-          The degree assistance program is           30,000 violations in telephone-rate             tractor billing errors for the discrepan-
     ate’s degree, officials say.                  expected to cost the DOCR up to              charges between March and June 2005.            cies, was also ordered to refund more
         Each degree is expected to cost the       $40,000 through 2009, officials say.             Of ficials investigated all calls           than $67,000 to the families of inmates
     department approximately $4,500.              Despite the departmental investment,         placed by inmates housed at Air way             who were overcharged for collect calls
        The DOCR degree assistance initia-         employees will not be contractually          Heights Corrections Center in Spokane           placed from the two prisons.
     tive is designed to reduce staff turnover     obligated to remain with the DOCR            and Washington State Penitentiar y in               Approximately 1.6 million collect calls
     and the associated costs of staff             following completion of a degree.            Walla Walla.                                    are placed from state prisons each year,
                                                                                                    While the majority of call overcharges      officials say.

                                                                                                       Easy maintenance
                                                                                                              Easy money
                                                                                                       Your maintenance dollars go
                                                                                                       farther on concrete floors
                                                                                                       treated with Consolideck® LS and
                                                                                                        Guard hardener/densifiers.
                                                                                                       Tests confirm that Consolideck®
                                                                                                       floors are 71% easier to clean
                                                                                                       than bare concrete.

                                                                                                                      harder floors
                                                                                                               easier maintenance
                                                                                                            better light reflectance

                            Circle #117 on reader service card.                                                                Circle #118 on reader service card.
14     CORRECTIONAL N E W S — M A R C H / A P R I L 2 0 0 8                                                                                             
Charleston County Embarks                                                                   Mechanical plant operations will be
                                                                                            located on the top floor.
                                                                                                A new connecting corridor will link
                                                                                                                                              The renovation phase is scheduled
                                                                                                                                          for completion by the middle of 2010,
                                                                                                                                          officials say.
                                                                                            the existing housing tower to the new             In other news, inmates in nearby
on $90 Million Jail Expansion                                                               building. The facility’s existing linear
                                                                                            housing wings will be decommissioned
                                                                                            as part of the renovation phase.
                                                                                                                                          Greenville, S.C., began moving into new
                                                                                                                                          accommodations after officials unveiled
                                                                                                                                          the $13.5 million addition to the
     CHARLESTON, S.C. —                        accommodating 64 beds each.                      Renovations will start after completion   Greenville County Detention Center.
Charleston County Council approved                 The new building will house a med-       of the new construction phase, and will           The new housing unit, which adds 448
a $90 million construction project to          ical clinic and infirmary, inmate process-   include remodeling of staff support space     beds, is expected to alleviate overcrowd-
renovate and expand the existing               ing, administration and support space,       and upgrading of existing key-operated        ing and improve safety at the facility,
county detention center.                       and kitchen and laundr y facilities.         door locks to electronic locking systems.     orginally designed in 1976, officials say.
     MB Kahn Construction, of Columbia,
and the Charlotte, office of Moseley
Architects will collaborate on the design-
build project, which is intended to allevi-
ate chronic overcrowding by providing
an additional 1,344 beds.
     Originally designed to house 661
inmates, the expansion will raise the facil-
ity’s total rated capacity to 2,005 inmates
and meet inmate-population projections
through 2025, officials say.
     A new four-stor y building will pro-
vide approximately 334,000 square
feet of operational space with 21
direct-super vision housing units,

   $50 Million Juvenile
   Facility Opens in Ohio
      DAYTON, Ohio — Montgomery
   County officials unveiled a new
   $51.6 million juvenile justice cen-
   ter that combines judicial and
   detention facilities.
      The 210,000-square-foot facility
   provides 14 courtrooms — each
   with an adjacent holding cell —
   and 12 direct-supervision housing
   pods with a total detention capac-
   ity of 144 beds.
      Each 12-bed housing pod is
   designed with a central common
   area and several meeting rooms
   for attorney-client visits. A com-
   munity dayroom linking each pair
   of pods is designed to provide a
   larger space for inmate activities
   and recreation.
      The center’s detention compo-
   nent also incorporates a fully
   equipped gymnasium and a cov-
   ered open-air exercise space. Fea-
   turing a K-12 charter school that
   provides a full educational pro-
   gram, wards are required to
   attend classes while incarcerated.
      The center’s judicial component
   houses public defender, prosecu-
   tor, child services caseworker,
   clerical and administrative per-
   sonnel office space, while also
   providing space for psychologi-
   cal services and other programs.
      In addition to an offender intake
   and assessment area, a family
   meeting area for inmate visitation
   and medical facilities are located
   on the first floor.
      Initially scheduled for comple-
   tion in 2006, the center’s open-
   ing was delayed mid-project by
   a county commission decision to
   combine judicial and detention
   operations, which forced some
   significant design modifications,
   officials say.

                                                                                               Circle #119 on reader service card.                                                                                                    CORRECTIONAL NEWS — MARCH/APRIL 2008                 15
Indiana Jail To Get $43 Million Makeover                                                                                                      The county’s inmate population has increased by
                                                                                                                                          almost 50 percent since 1999, according to a county study.
                                                                                                                                              With a jail capacity of 292 beds, the average daily
                                                                                                                                          population during 2007 was 326 inmates, officials say.
Officials Tackle 50 Percent Increase in Inmate Population                                                                                     The north side of the main jail building will undergo
                                                                                                                                          approximately $16 million in renovation and expansion
                                                                                                                                          work to increase the facility’s inmate-processing area
    NOBLESVILLE, Ind. — Hamilton County Correc-                      house 200 beds. The $17 million center will provide                  and medical services and kitchen space. The facility
tions Center will undergo a $43 million makeover to                  109,000 square feet of housing and classroom space                   redesign will provide separate lobbies for jail and admin-
expand jail programming and operations space.                        with expanded substance abuse, educational and gen-                  istration visitors.
    In an effort to alleviate overcrowding and transfers,            eral development programming.                                            An approximately $7 million addition on the south
a new three-story community corrections building will                    With the new community building due for comple-                  side of the existing jail will house the county’s Emer-
                                                                           tion in July 2009, the county plans to convert the             gency Management Agency and 911 dispatch center.
                                                                           existing community corrections annex, adjacent                 The addition will also house office space and a $1.7
                                                                           to the jail, into a minimum-security facility. The             million services building for the sheriff’s department.

     Tampering problems?
                                                                           more than $1 million conversion, which is sched-                   The expansion and redesign of the existing jail is
                                                                           uled for completion in December 2009, will pro-                due for phased completion between October 2008 and
                                                                           vide 125 beds.                                                 October 2009, officials say.
     Tanner has the
     “pick-resistant” solution.                                            Flooding Fails to Stop $37 Million Texas Jail Project From Taking Shape
                                                                               BELTON, Texas — Construction work on the                      cannot expand its footprint outward to increase
                                                                           new $37 million Bell County Jail reached the                      capacity, architects designed the new facility to
                                                                           halfway point early this year after spring flooding in            expand as demand increases. The additional
                                                                           2007 forced project delays.                                       housing pods would raise the new jail’s capacity to
                                                                               Augmenting existing county detention facilities,              1,300 inmates.
                                                                           which have a capacity of approximately 700 inmates,                   Although housing units are designed to meet
                                                                           the 652-bed jail will be connected to the adjacent                current inmate population levels, medical, kitchen
                                                                           county justice complex via an underground tunnel.                 and laundry infrastructure was designed to accom-
                                                                               The proximity of the new jail to the courthouse               modate the jail’s maximum 1,300-bed capacity.
                                                                           and the subterranean connection route between the                     Due to overcrowding, Bell County currently
                                                                           two facilities will improve security and reduce costs             pays other counties in the region to house inmates.
                                                                           associated with the transport of inmates to and from                  When completed, the county will have sufficient
                                                                           court, officials say.                                             beds to reverse that trend and begin leasing space
                                                                               Prompted by the need to alleviate chronic over-               to other counties, officials say.
                                                                           crowding at county facilities, the new jail, which is                 Although construction began in February 2007,
                                                                           located on a 77-acre site, is also designed for future            heavy spring floods forced significant delays in con-
                                                                           expansion, officials say.                                         struction work and have pushed the planned com-
                                                                               Unlike the county’s downtown facility, which                  pletion date for the project back to December 2008.

                 Security Sealants!                                         Federal Authorities Expand L.A. Immigration Detention Center
     Pecora DynaFlex™ SC is a unique one-part, pick-resistant                  LOS ANGELES — Federal authorities reached                     tion violations enforcement in the region.
     joint sealant with many of the strengths of two-component             an agreement with the Los Angeles County Sheriff’s                    The need for additional immigration detention
     security sealants but with the user-                                  Department to add 400 beds to the Mira Loma                       beds in the region was exacerbated when ICE
     friendly ease-of application properties                               Detention Center.                                                 closed the San Pedro detention center in Los
     of a one-component sealant. This                                          The expansion would make Mira Loma, located 70                Angeles for maintenance and repairs. The more
     rugged and flexible sealant is ideally                                miles north of Los Angeles in Lancaster, the largest              than 400 detainees housed in the detention center
     suited for use in institutional and
                                                                           immigration detention facility in California, officials say.      prior to its closure were transferred to other facili-
     correctional security installations but
     performs equally well in other public                                     Part of a former World War II complex, the facil-             ties in Arizona, California, Texas and Washington,
     buildings and facilities where ordinary                               ity houses 1,000 detainees for U.S. Immigration and               officials say.
     sealants are easily damaged or torn                                   Customs Enforcement.                                                  Federal authorities amended the existing contract
     out by idle tampering and acts of                                         The number of detainees and demand for                        with the Los Angeles County Sheriff’s Department to
     vandalism. DynaFlex™ SC is more                                       detention space in the Los Angeles area has                       expand capacity. The county Board of Supervisors
     flexible than epoxy in composition and is available in 10.1 oz.       grown in lockstep with ICE’s intensified immigra-                 later approved the deal.
     cartridges in two colors: limestone and tru-white.
                              • All interior joints and perimeters of         $20 Million Private Jail to Keep Florida Inmates Close to Home
                                fixtures, penetrations, vents, doors,
                                windows and all other similar openings          FOLKSTON, Fla. — Private prison operator                       Charlton County has paid other counties in the
                                where a security sealant is required.         Cornell Corrections Inc. unveiled a new $20                    region to house its inmates since 1995, when
                              • Interior window glazing.                      million addition to the D. Ray James Prison                    county officials closed and demolished the
                              • Heavy pedestrian traffic expansion and
                                                                              that will house inmates from Charlton County.                  aging county jail in the wake of a class-action
                                control joints for security and non-
                                security areas.                                 The opening of the 318-bed facility will allow               lawsuit filed by inmates over jail conditions.
                                                                              Charlton County authorities to jail inmates                      County officials refused to build a new 84-bed
                              In high security areas where a harder
                                                                              locally for the first time in 12 years, officials say.         facility — mandated by a federal judge in
                              material is required and flexibility is
     less important, the pick-proof, Pecora DynaPoxy™ EP-1200                 The new $20 million addition to the complex                    response to the inmate lawsuit — citing inability
     with a Shore D of 70 and higher is recommended. Packaged                 forms part of an ongoing major expansion plan                  to finance the project.
     in a 1-1/2 gallon unit including Base and Activator                      designed to more than double bed capacity.                       With the private prison complex relatively
        Tanner is the Authorized National Security Distributor                  A new 780-bed pod-style housing unit is cur-                 close to the county courthouse, housing
                for Pecora Security Sealant Products.                         rently under construction. Cornell has plans to                inmates at the new facility will significantly
 For more information call a                                                  construct two additional housing pods in the                   reduce transportation costs, speed up the trial
 Tanner security specialist,                                                  future, increasing capacity at the prison to                   process and improve safety, officials say.
 or visit our website.                                                        approximately 4,300 beds, officials say.                         Under the terms of the contract with Cornell,
                                                                                D. Ray James Prison opened as a 500-bed                      the county will pay the private prison operator
                                                  medium-security facility in 1998 and became                    $37 per inmate per day. Cornell also main-
           4302 Glenwood Road, Brooklyn, New York 11210                       the largest privately operated prison in the state             tains contracts to house state and federal
     800 456-2658 718 434-4500 Fax: 888 434-3215 718 434-3215                 when capacity was expanded to 1,640 inmates.                   inmates at the complex.
                Circle #120 on reader service card.
16     CORRECTIONAL N E W S — M A R C H / A P R I L 2 0 0 8                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                                          INTERNATIONAL NEWS
Super-Sized Prisons Anchor                                                                                                                 capacity in England and Wales stood at
                                                                                                                                           53,000 beds, nine new prisons were built
                                                                                                                                           to increase system capacity by approxi-

$5.2 Billion UK Corrections Plan                                                                                                           mately 27,500 beds, according to the
                                                                                                                                           Ministry of Justice.
                                                                                                                                               This latest plan to expand prison
    LONDON — The United Kingdom               and Wales — jointly served by Her             cerated, compared to an incarceration          capacity will augment the government’s
government will construct three 2,500-        Majesty’s Prison Service — have the high-     rate of 85 per 100,000 in France and 93 per    2004 prison expansion initiative that
bed prisons as part of a $5.2 billion over-   est per-capita prison population in Western   100,000 in Germany. HMPS operates 128          pledged to provide 1,300 new beds within
haul and expansion of the prison system       Europe, according to the Organization for     prisons, with an additional 11 detention       five years. In the wake of the 2006 Rebal-
in England and Wales.                         Economic Cooperation and Development.         facilities managed by private prison opera-    ancing the Criminal Justice System
    Larger than any existing British              For every 100,000 residents in Eng-       tors, according to the Ministry of Justice.    Review, the proposal was subsequently
detention facility, the first of the new      land and Wales, 148 individuals are incar-        Since 1995, when prison system             revised to 9,500 beds in June 2007.
facilities is expected to be operational by
2012, officials say. The three prisons are
planned for London, the West Midlands
and a site in northeast England.
    The overhaul is designed to alleviate
chronic overcrowding and meet pro-
jected population increases by expand-
ing prison capacity to almost 100,000
beds by 2014, officials say.
    During 2007, the inmate population
in England and Wales reached a record
high in excess of the prison system’s
81,500 total rated capacity.
    A December 2007 review of the
prison system in England and Wales —
the third such review conducted by Lord
Carter of Coles in the past 10 years —
forecasted the prison population would
rise to between 95,000 inmates and
100,000 inmates by 2014.

Larger than any existing British
     detention facility, the first
    of the new facilities will be
        operational by 2012.

     Lord Carter’s report, which consid-
ered sentencing, detention capacity
and prison overcrowding, presented
several proposals designed to improve
the balance between prison capacity
and demand.
     In addition to expanding capacity
through new construction, the report
calls for modernization of prisons and
the closure of the oldest, most inefficient
facilities — housing approximately 5,000
inmates — by 2013.
     The government will meet immedi-
ate projected capacity shortages — up to
3,000 beds in 2008 and up to 6,000 beds
by 2009 — through short- and medium-
term measures, officials say.
     A former air force base at Coltishall
in Norfolk will be converted into a
medium-security facility. Her Majesty’s
Prison Wealstun in Yorkshire will be
upgraded from an open prison to a mini-
mum-security facility, officials say.
     The Ministry of Justice is also pursu-
ing plans to open a prison ship.
     Highlighting the need to reconcile
criminal justice policy with prison capac-
ity, the report also calls on the govern-
ment to improve sentencing policies and
procedures by developing a structured
sentencing framework and establishing
a permanent sentencing commission.
     Carter also recommended a compre-
hensive evaluation of the structure and
management of the prison system in
terms of operational efficiency.
     With a 60 percent increase in the
inmate population since 1995, England
                                                                                               Circle #121 on reader service card.                                                                                                    CORRECTIONAL NEWS — MARCH/APRIL 2008                  17
Japan Tackles Graying Prison Population
Justice Ministry to Create $75 Million Geriatric Housing Units at Three Prisons
    TOKYO — The Justice Ministr y                try’s 75 prisons, which will accommodate           Units dedicated to special-needs        environments, according to officials.
introduced plans for a $75 million prison        approximately 1,000 inmates.                   inmates ease the burden of inmate care          The Justice Ministr y plans to
overhaul to address Japan’s growing                  The new facilities will be wheelchair-     for correctional officers while improving   enhance inmate care with specialized
number of elderly inmates.                       accessible and equipped with elevators.        living conditions for inmates who often     medical, nursing and rehabilitation staff,
    The government will create special-          Handrails will be located in hallways and      have difficulty functioning in general      officials say. The new units will also offer
needs housing units at three of the coun-        bathrooms.                                     population and traditional correctional     healthy meals, with low-sodium and eas-
                                                                                                                                            ily digestible foods, which cater to the
                                                                                                                                            age- and condition-specific needs of
                                                                                                                                            elderly or ailing inmates.
                                                                                                                                                The number of inmates who are at
                                                                                                                                            least 60 years old increased from
                                                                                                                                            approximately 3,500 inmates in 1997 to
                                                                                                                                            almost 8,700 inmates in 2006, according
                                                                                                                                            to the Justice Ministry.
                                                                                                                                                Older inmates represent about 12
                                                                                                                                            percent of Japan’s entire prison popula-
                                                                                                                                            tion, compared to about 4.5 percent in
                                                                                                                                            the United States.
                                                                                                                                                While inmates with dementia, men-
                                                                                                                                            tal health and long-term serious med-
            Planning » Programming » Design/Construction Management » Facility Maintenance                                                  ical issues are cared for in prison
                                                                                                                                            hospitals, most elderly inmates in
                                                                                                                                            Japan’s prison system are held in tradi-
                                                                                                                                            tional facilities, where they are
                                                                                                                                            required to provide labor.
                                                                                                                                                Throughout the system there are
                                                                                                                                            about 900 older inmates who would be
                                                                                                                                            considered candidates for transfer to the

                                                                                                                                            new housing units because they are less-
                                                                                                                                            than-ambulatory and have difficulty car-

                                                                     THE WAY
                                                                                                                                            ing for themselves or fulfilling prison
                                                                                                                                            duties, officials say.

           With over 30 years experience and $3.5 billion worth of criminal justice projects, CGL has the
           knowledge and expertise to assist you in every phase of your building needs. CGL will lead the way
                                                                                                                                            $1 Billion Offender
                                                                                                                                            Database Plans Scaled Back
           by thoroughly assessing your criminal justice needs; providing jail planning and programming
                                                                                                                                                LONDON — The Ministry of Justice
           documents; managing the design and construction phases (including budget, schedule and quality                                   scaled back plans to create an integrated
           control); and will follow through with a maintenance plan to protect the life of your building(s).                               prison and probation database for Eng-
                                                                                                                                            land and Wales after project costs dou-
           As a pioneer of the “Total Services” concept for criminal justice facilities, you can trust that CGL can                         bled to $998 million.
                                                                                                                                                Originally projected to cost approxi-
           provide you with a World of Solutions.                                                                                           mately $476 million, the C-Nomis pro-

                                                                                                                                            ject was intended to provide offender
                                                                                                                                            management by establishing a single,
                                                                                                                                            comprehensive, up-to-date profile of
                                                                                                                                            offenders, officials say.

                                                                                                                                                Under the proposed plan, more than
                                                                                                                                            200 prison and probation service data-
                                                                                                                                            bases throughout England and Wales
                                                                                                                                            were to be consolidated into one sys-
                                                                                                                                            tem, allowing prison and probation staff
                                                                                                                                            to monitor offender sentences, supervi-
                                                                                                                                            sion and rehabilitation requirements
                                                                                                                                            and progress, and to share information
                                                                                                                                            in real time, officials say.
                                                                                                                                                Following a recent review and audit
                                                                                                                                            of the of fender-monitoring project,
                                                                                                                                            only the prison service in England and
                                                                                                                                            Wales will receive the C-Nomis sys-
                                                                                                                                            tem, which will contain information
                                                                                                                                            about each of fender’s of fenses, sen-
                                                                                         A World of Solutions                               tences, risks and cour t proceedings,
                                                                                                                                            officials say.
                                 1619 Sumter Street • Columbia, South Carolina 29201 • 803.765.2833 / 803.779.8518 Fax                          The system will also contain infor-
                                   795 East Lanier Avenue • Fayetteville, Georgia 30214 • 770.716.0081 / 770.716.9081 Fax                   mation about nationality, ethnicity, dis-
                           11790 Northfall Lane, Suite 403 • Alpharetta, Georgia 30004 • 770.716.0081 / 678.990.1919 Fax                    abilities, place of residence, and
                                    10 G Street NE, Suite 650 • Washington, DC 20002 • 202.289.5600 / 202.289.8688 Fax                      education and employment history.
              Hamdan Street • Al-Masoud Tower 501 • 44525 Abu-Dhabi, UAE • (+971) 2 633 1660 / (+971) 2 633 1606 Fax                            Under the revised plan, the more
                                                                                                                                            than 40 probation areas in England and
                                                                                                                                            Wales will have read-only access to the
                                                                                                                                            system. Currently operating in three
                                                                                                                                            prisons, C-Nomis will be introduced
                                                                                                                                            throughout the system in phases.
                                                Circle #122 on reader service card.
18   CORRECTIONAL N E W S — M A R C H / A P R I L 2 0 0 8                                                                                            
                                                                                                                                                   GREEN SCENE
Transylvania Commissioners Sink Teeth into Green Jail Plan
    BREVARD, N.C. — Transylvania               designed to reduce energy consump-              Native and drought-tolerant plant          Approximately 50 percent of the
County moved a step closer to a new            tion, while enhancing occupant comfort.    species will be incorporated in sur-        site’s total area will be preser ved as
120-bed jail after commissioners                   The facility’s energy-efficient HVAC   rounding landscaping to eliminate irri-     open space, while high-recycled-content
awarded the construction contract for a        system, which is CFC and HCFC              gation, while dual-flush toilets and        materials and FSC-certified lumber will
$20 million environmentally sustainable        refrigerant-free, and low-VOC building     low-flow plumbing fixtures will reduce      be used where possible. Waste gener-
public safety center.                          materials, adhesives, paints, surfaces     the facility’s overall water consumption.   ated during construction, which is ten-
    The approximately 67,000-square-           and furniture are designed to enhance      A storm-water management system will        tatively scheduled for completion in
foot project will include a 59,000-            air quality.                               filter runoff to remove pollutants.         2009, will be diverted from landfill.
square-foot law enforcement and
emergency ser vices building, which
will incorporate the jail, sherif f ’s
depar tment, 911-dispatch center and
emergency operations of fices. A
6,000-square-foot maintenance facility
will be located adjacent to the main
    The new energy- and water-efficient
public safety center is designed to meet
LEED standards, the first project of its
kind in the southeast region, officials say.
    The design-build project team
includes M.B. Kahn Construction of
Columbia, S.C., and the Charlotte office
of Moseley Architects.
    Although solar power will not be a
feature of the new facility — photo-
voltaic arrays were deemed prohibi-
tively expensive — alternative-power
generation in the form of a wind-energy
installation and conversion unit will con-
tribute to a portion of the center’s total
energy requirements.
    A highly reflective roofing mem-
brane and Galvalume-coated sheet-steel
roofing system are designed to reduce
the facility’s HVAC load and energy con-
sumption. The reflective roofing system
also reduces the heat-island effect.
    A lighting control system with indi-
vidual and zonal access points is also

  Emcor Awarded Contract
  for California LEED Project
    SAN QUENTIN, Calif. — The
  California Department of Correc-
  tions and Rehabilitation awarded
  an Emcor Group subsidiary the
  mechanical systems contract for a
  new $146 million medical build-
  ing at San Quentin State Prison.
    Marelich Mechanical, of Hay-
  ward, will design, build and
  install plumbing, heating, ventilat-
  ing, and air conditioning systems
  for the 116,000-square-foot, five-
  story medical building.
    The 50-bed Central Health Ser-
  vices Building, which will be
  designed for LEED certification,
  will help improve inmate health-
  care services, from medical to den-
  tal to mental health, officials say.
    Scheduled for completion in
  2010, the facility will feature out-
  patient and specialty clinics, labo-
  ratory and pharmacy services and
  medical records space.
    The project, which will replace
  existing structures at the prison,
  will preserve the façade of the
  prison’s historic original hospital
  building that was built in 1885.

                                                                                             Circle #123 on reader service card.                                                                                                 CORRECTIONAL NEWS — MARCH/APRIL 2008              19
Offner: Do Everything You                                                                            Do you have a favorite coffee cup?
                                                                                                 Mine is an old ceramic mug that has
                                                                                                 been in use for more 10 years. Reusing
                                                                                                 materials provides the oppor tunity to
Can to Build and Live Green                                                                      not only be thrifty but also to be envi-
                                                                                                 ronmentally sensitive. Most impor-
                                                                                                 tantly, reusing materials doesn’t
By Gregory J. Offner                             lion tons of trash to landfills each year, 33   require the energy it takes to recycle or
                                                 percent of which is created by the con-         create an elaborate reduction strategy.
   A few weeks ago I read a news article         struction industry.                                 If you use it, purchase with the intent
that quoted a frightening statistic: The              The Environmental Protection Agency        to reuse it as many times as you can.
United States delivers almost a half-bil-        estimates that 136 million tons of building-        Reduce. Reducing our carbon foot-
                                                   related construction and demolition           print involves waste reduction. Reducing
                                                   debris is generated in the United States      the amount of products we purchase to
                                                   each year.                                    the amount we actually need will reduce
                                                       When you compare that figure to           the amount of toxins finding their way to                        Offner
                                                   the estimated 210 million tons of             our landfills.
                                                   municipal solid waste generated in                Recycle. Recycling has grown sig-
                                                   the same year, the bottom line is             nificantly: 50 percent of all paper, 34        the lights wherever, and whenever,
                                                   apparent: We make a lot of trash.             percent of all plastic soft drink bottles,     possible. Purchase motion sensor light
                                                       The EPA estimates we recycle              45 percent of all aluminum cans, 63            switches for your of fices and jobsite
                                                   about 32 percent of what we generate.         percent of all steel packaging, and 67         trailers, and, while you’re at it, pick up
                                                   When you put all these numbers                percent of all major appliances are now        energy-efficient light bulbs.
                                                   together, the waste-generation statis-        recycled.                                          No. 3: Pull the plug: Office equip-
                                                   tics are enough to keep anyone awake              Look around your office or your            ment accounts for almost 16 percent of
                                                   at night.                                     prison facility. If an electronic product is   energy use at of fice buildings. Even
                                                                                                 no longer in working condition, it should      after hours, the sleep mode on your
                                                  Living the Three R’s                           be recycled.                                   copy machine and computer uses elec-
                                                      I remember the days when “Read-                More than 90 percent of the materi-        tricity overnight and on the weekends
                                                  ing, ’Riting and ’Rithmetic” made up           als in electronic products can be              when most of us aren’t working. Energy
                                                  the only three R’s in my life. Today,          reused in other electronic products or         conser vation begins with pulling the
                                                  the three R’s also stand for “Reduce,          be recycled.                                   plug. If you have the wherewithal, use
                                                  Reuse and Recycle.” These are as                   This includes plastics from casings        Energy Star computers, printers,
                                                  much a guiding principle in my adult           and metal from circuit boards and              copiers and other of fice equipment
                                                  life as the old three R’s were as a            switches. If disposed improperly, some         whenever possible.
                                                  youngster. Yes folks, I am proud to            electronic equipment can release haz-              No. 4: Manage the Thermostat:
                                                  admit I have become a construction             ardous materials into the soil and conta-      Heating systems in the United States
                                                  management greenie.                            minate our water supply.                       emit 1 billion tons of carbon dioxide and
                                                                                                                                                about 12 percent of the sulfur dioxide and
                                                                                                 Greening Construction                          nitrogen oxides into our atmosphere.
                                                      In today’s electronics-based                    There are five smart choices — little
                                                                                                 things I tr y to do everyday — that can
                                                       society there are not very                have a positive impact on the environ-             We don’t want to limit this
                                                                                                 ment. I think these choices will create
                                                            many reasons why                     more sustainable, environmentally                 movement to the design and
                                                                                                 friendly and energy-efficient lifestyles
                                                     our design and construction                 and workplaces.                                   construction industry, so let’s
                                                      reports, RFI’s, SI’s and all                    No. 1: Be paperless: On an average
                                                                                                 prison or courthouse project, blueprint-        take it into our secure facilities.
                                                     other project correspondence                ing and monthly reports can use close to
                                                                                                 1 billion square inches of paper from con-
                                                            can’t be paperless.                  ceptual design through closeout. That is           Reducing energy use for heating is
                                                                                                 a lot of trees.                                the single most effective way to reduce
                                                                                                      Using 1 ton of paper from recycled        your lifestyle’s contribution to our global
                                                      As a professional in the design and        stock saves almost 17 trees and uses 50        environmental problems. You can sub-
                                                  construction industr y, I believe it is        percent less water than new paper.             stantially reduce energy use by adding
                                                  incumbent upon me to take leadership                In today’s electronics-based society      efficient controls, such as a programma-
                                                  in practicing the “Three R” principles in      there are not very many reasons why our        ble thermostat.
                                                  our offices, in our designs, and with our      design and construction reports, RFI’s,            When it comes to cooling, a way to
                                                  construction projects.                         SI’s and all other project correspondence      save money is to do away with stan-
                                                      We don’t want to limit this move-          can’t be paperless.                            dard fluorescent lights, which add to
                                                  ment to the design and construction                 Blueprinting should be minimized          cooling loads because they create
                                                  industry, so let’s take it into our secure     wherever possible. While not yet prac-         more heat, consume more energy and
                                                  facilities.                                    tical in the field, the plotting of draw-      require more frequent replacement
                                                      Harr y Franey, chief of the energy         ings and printing of specifications            than compact fluorescent lamps. Using
                                                  management section of California               should be discouraged.                         compact fluorescent lamps to illumi-
                                                  Department of Corrections and Reha-                 Where paper documents are neces-          nate spaces can provide fast returns on
                                                  bilitation, is leading by example.             sary, insist the printing house use 100 per-   your initial investment regardless of
                                                  Franey has focused on energy conser-           cent recycled paper, not partially recycled.   your geography.
                                                  vation issues since his arrival at CDCR             No. 2: Flip the switch: Energy con-           No. 5: Reduce, Reuse and Recycle.
                                                  in 1989 and has been very successful.          sumption for all lighting in the United        Reduce the amount of non-recyclable
                                                      Maybe it’s time we joined Franey           States is estimated to be 8.2 quads, or        materials you use in your business and
                                                  and others like him around the coun-           about 22 percent of the total electricity      personal life, reuse products and materi-
                                                  tr y to support their mission to make          generated in the country.                      als to prolong their life, and recycle. I
                                                  ever y operating facility in their con-             Because lighting represents one-
                                                  trol as energy-efficient as possible to        fifth of our national electrical consump-
                                                  reduce the carbon footprint on this            tion, the Department of Energy selected        Gregory J. Offner is vice president of
                                                  planet.                                        lighting as one of the primary areas for       DMJM H+N – AECOM located in
                                                      Reuse. This is one of the easiest          the development of more energy-effi-           Arlington, Va., and a member of the
                                                  practices to adopt. Only use                   cient technologies.                            Correctional News Editorial Advisory
     Circle #124 on reader service card.          biodegradable or recyclable products.               Ef ficiency star ts with turning of f     Board.
20   CORRECTIONAL N E W S — M A R C H / A P R I L 2 0 0 8                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                                  GREEN SCENE

Green Design Elements Distinguish Durrant’s New $4 Million HQ
Corrections Architect Seeks LEED Platinum Certification for Renovation Project
     DUBUQUE, Iowa — Durrant Group            loyed in designing Durrant’s new head-     nificant front-end costs, the additional   incentives, which are available from gov-
officials unveiled the company’s new          quarters did not increase project costs,   financial outlay associated with these     ernment agencies, such as the U.S.
$3.7 million Iowa headquarters as tangi-      planners say.                              more complex or technology-intensive       Department of Energy, the IRS and the
ble evidence that green building design           While sustainable strategies and       systems is expected to be offset through   Iowa Energy Center, officials say.
makes good design sense.                      components, such as enhanced insula-       energy and operational savings.
     A full-service architectural and engi-   tion and photovoltaic arrays, carry sig-       Durrant also took advantage of         
neering firm founded in 1948, Durrant’s
justice and correctional market projects

                                                                        dxi                                                                     dxl
include the $140 million, 600,000-square-

foot Winnebago County Justice Facility
in downtown Rockford, Ill., and the $100
million, 1,360-bed Maricopa County Jail
in Phoenix.
     Reduce, reuse and recycle was the
design team’s mantra as it transformed
                                                                           D i g i t a l                  I n t e r c o m                   S y s t e m s
the 18,000-square-foot former home of
local manufacturing firm Adams Com-
pany into a waterfront advertisement for
the company’s commitment to environ-                                                         the microcomm dxi and dxl are feature
mental sustainability, officials say.                                                        rich digital intercom systems that
     Working toward LEED Platinum cer-
tification, the building is designed to                                                      provide “best in class” performance
yield energy consumption reductions of                                                       at a price you can afford!
approximately 50 percent of a compara-
ble conventional office development,
officials say.
     In redeveloping the building, the            feature focus #1: speech clarity
design team incorporated an energy-
ef ficient shell that features high-per-                                                 advanced digital signal processing (dsp)
formance window systems and                                                              and other state of the art technologies
biomass-based wall insulation.
     A rooftop photovoltaic solar array                                                  maximize speech clarity and offer
will generate electricity and provide hot                                                numerous features & benefits, including:
water for bathroom facilities. A daylight
harvesting system will leverage natural
light to optimize interior-lighting effi-
ciency, controlling the output of electric
lighting systems in relation to the
                                                                                         T   the safety of your facility is enhanced

amount and intensity of sunlight enter-                                                      operator stress is minimized and efficiency
ing the building.
     A ground-source geothermal heat
                                                                                             is improved
pump system will heat and cool interior
spaces, while geothermal well water will
be used to supply bathroom facilities                                                    T   multiple program sources can be
                                                                                             distributed without impacting critical
and irrigate surrounding landscaping.
     Approximately 70 percent of waste                                                       communications
materials generated during construction
were diverted from landfill, with metal
going to scrap dealers and concrete                                                      T   individual station settings for output
                                                                                             volume, microphone sensitivity, audio
turned into aggregate. Untreated lumber
was turned into garden mulch under a                                                         filtering, and more
pilot program operated by the Dubuque
Metropolitan Solid Waste Agency.
     Building components, such as insula-                                                T   audio is transported digitally, maintaining
                                                                                             perfect quality over long distances
tion, structural steel and wood studs,
were salvaged from the existing structure
where possible, while several employees
reused fiberglass insulation from the                                                    T   microphone amplifier at each station
                                                                                             eliminates crosstalk
building in their homes, officials say.
     The design team specified the use of
materials with high recycled-content

where possible, and recyclable floor cov-                                                                                           to learn more about
erings and furniture were chosen for the
building’s interiors.
                                                                                                                                    the many features
     Employing an integrated design                                                                                                 and benefits of a
                                                                                                       H A R D I N G
approach that involved architects, engi-                                                               INSTRUMENTS
                                                                                                                                    microcomm digital
neers and construction personnel from                                                                                               intercom system call:
the project’s inception through to its                                                                 design and                   1.888.792.1171
completion, Durrant ensured that green                                                                 manufacturing
design components meshed in the most                                                                   excellence                   or visit us at:
efficient, practical and cost-effective
manner possible.
     The majority of sustainable strate-
gies, systems and components emp-
                                                                                             Circle #125 on reader service card.                                                                                                CORRECTIONAL NEWS — MARCH/APRIL 2008              21
Monroe Revisited

                                                                                                                                                                                               Photo by RK Productions
                                                                                                Designed to reduce energy consumption and HVAC load, the
                                                                                                IMU/SEG roofing system achieved one LEED point, while the use of
                                                                                                recycled content in the precast enclosure earned another point.
Architects Break Down Facility’s LEED Points
By Robert Estlund and Jerry Winkler,             ing movement has come, even prisons
Integrus Architecture                            are turning green.
                                                     As repor ted previously in Correc-
    MONROE, Wash. — As an indica-                tional News, the Monroe Correctional
tion of just how far the sustainable build-      Complex received LEED Silver certifi-
                                                    cation for its intensive management
                                                    unit and segregation unit.
                                                        The Washington Department of
                                                    Corrections classifies intensive man-
                                                    agement units as higher security
                                                    housing modules used to manage
                                                    troublesome inmates. Segregation
                                                    units are even higher security mod-
                                                    ules where uncontrollable prisoners
                                                    are confined. The IMU and segrega-
                                                    tion unit at the Monroe facility each
                                                    have cells for up to 100 prisoners.
                                                        The Monroe complex owes its
                                                    LEED rating to a Washington state
                                                    commitment to sustainability that
                                                    requires all new state buildings to        allowed the use of the existing storm           The landscaping design also
                                                    meet at least LEED Silver certification.   water treatment system. In addition,        includes native and drought-tolerant
                                                        The facility is one of the first       the design of the complex includes as       plants that do not require irrigation.
                                                    LEED certified prison-housing units        much permeable on-site water reten-             The application of innovative waste-
                                                    in the United States.                      tion as possible.                           water technology also received LEED
                                                        The complex achieved sustain-              Points were also awarded for the        points. A rainwater harvesting system
                                                    able features points in each of            project’s incorporation of alternative      was designed to capture and store roof
                                                    LEED’s six categories:                     transportation facilities. The complex      rainwater for use in flushing all toilets in
                                                        • Sustainable sites                    includes charging stations for electric     the facility. The rainwater harvesting tech-
                                                        • Water efficiency                     maintenance vehicles, bicycle racks,        nology has reduced potable water con-
                                                        • Energy and atmosphere                and new parking stalls for car pool van     sumption by approximately 58 percent.
                                                        • Materials and resources              use only.
                                                        • Indoor environmental quality             Finally, the builder made elaborate     Energy and Atmosphere
                                                        • Innovation and design process        provisions to control r unof f during          Monroe earned seven points in the
                                                                                               construction.                               energy and atmosphere categor y. The
                                                    Sustainable Sites                                                                      design of the facility optimizes energy
                                                        The facility earned five points in     Water Efficiency                            use by boosting the performance of the
                                                    the sustainable sites category for its         Another five points came from the       building envelope, reducing lighting
                                                    approach to controlling erosion and        efficient design of water facilities.       needs and improving the efficiency of
                                                    sedimentation, site selection, and         These include systems that manage           exhaust heat-recovery systems.
                                                    alternative transportation facilities.     and treat storm water and a landscaping        Overall, the management unit and
                                                        The site is on the campus of a         concept that uses highly reflective         segregation unit require 27 percent less
                                                    larger prison facility. The designers      gravel to reduce hard-scapes and heat       energy than a similar uncertified building.
                                                    selected a site on the campus that         island effects.                                United States Green Building Coun-

                                                                                                                                                                                      Photo by RK Productions
          The Soffi-Steel® System is
         today’s premier, custom-
        fabricated enclosure system
      that safely conceals any size or
      type of exposed utility such as
     Fire Sprinkler Systems, Plumbing,
         HVAC, and Electrical Wiring
       within an established facility.

                                                       The IMU/SEG control room achieved one LEED point for its use of low-VOC materials
                                                       and one point for incorporating certified-wood products.
     Circle #126 on reader service card.
22   CORRECTIONAL N E W S — M A R C H / A P R I L 2 0 0 8                                                                                           
                                                                                                                                                  GREEN SCENE
cil officials praised the commissioning       use of skylights can more than satisfy     materials wherever possible.                and management experience. Win-
work on the facility and noted that the       LEED requirements.                             In the end, applying LEED to the        kler   can    be    reached  at
HVAC systems use no HCFC-based                                                           Monroe Correction Complex has set a
refrigerants or halons.                       Innovation and Design Process              new benchmark for environmentally
                                                  Finally, the project received five     friendly, energy-efficient prison design,   Robert Estlund is an associate at Inte-
Materials and resources                       points for design innovations and          and that in itself is pretty innovative.    grus Architecture. Estlund has 20
     The management of materials and          processes. Points were received for                                                    years experience in security program-
resources on the project brought in           exemplary performance in storm water                                                   ming, detention equipment design
another six points.                           management, diverting 75 percent of        Gerald A. Winkler, AIA, is presi-           and specialized-construction adminis-
     The construction recycling system        construct waste from the landfill (which   dent of Integrus Architecture and           tration. Estlund can be reached at
set up on the project diverted 97 percent     is in excess of the 50 percent require-    principal-in-charge of justice pro-
of the waste produced during construc-        ment), the extensive use of recycled       jects for the Spokane, Wash.-based
tion. In addition, more than 62 percent of    materials, and using local/regional        firm with 34 years of architectural         
the building materials used on the pro-
ject were har vested or manufactured
locally. Local building materials save fos-
sil fuels by eliminating the need to trans-
port materials over long distances.

Indoor Environmental Quality
    This LEED category netted the facil-
ity eight more points. Achievements
included an indoor air quality manage-
ment plan employed during construction
and before occupancy. The use of low-
emitting materials, adhesives, sealants,
paints, carpet and composite wood were
prominent components of the plan.

   In the end, applying LEED
     to the Monroe Correction
      Complex has set a new
 benchmark for environmentally
      friendly, energy-efficient
    prison design, and that in
     itself is pretty innovative.

    Buildings on prison campuses
weather a lot of abuse. Nevertheless,
the designers managed to find LEED-
cer tified products, such as low-VOC
epoxy coating for painting the cells
and dayroom areas, capable of per-
forming as well as less environmen-
tally friendly products.
    The designers also found ways to
provide line-of-sight views for more than
75 percent of the occupied space in the
complex. This wasn’t as difficult as it
might seem. All of the cells have a win-
dow, while each office in the administra-
tion area is located along an outside wall,
providing virtually everyone with a cell
or a desk a direct view to the outside.
    The designers discovered through
the course of the project that by and
large secure design and security tech-
nology does not interfere with sustain-
able design and construction.
    A key exception involves windows
and natural lighting. Maximum-security
housing makes daylighting difficult —
since skylights and large windows are
impractical for the cells that make up
prison housing units. The American Cor-
rectional Association, which sets stan-
dards for prison design, requires that
cell windows are a minimum of three
square feet, however larger windows
add cost and create security concerns.
    On the other hand, daylighting
makes an excellent design alternative
for program buildings within a prison
complex. Large windows and generous
                                                                                            Circle #127 on reader service card.                                                                                                CORRECTIONAL NEWS — MARCH/APRIL 2008              23
Greening Corrections:                                                                          expected by different design decisions.
                                                                                                   The LEED rating system provides
                                                                                               guidance on determining a baseline pre-
                                                                                                                                              to reduce the overall lighting energy
                                                                                                                                              budget, and variable air volume (VAV)
                                                                                                                                              and multi-zone HVAC systems.

How to Get Started                                                                             diction, and how to model improvements
                                                                                               over that theoretical baseline in the
                                                                                               actual design. But remember, this com-
                                                                                                                                                   In order to make the building more
                                                                                                                                              water-efficient, the project team installed
                                                                                                                                              low-flow and ultra low-flow plumbing fix-
                                                                                               parison is between two theoretical condi-      tures in lieu of standard fixtures. The
By Bryna Cosgriff Dunn,                          water use of a facility and how to achieve    tions and is intended to show the relative     low-flow urinals in the facility use only a
LEED AP, Moseley Architects                      optimal savings, it is necessary to com-      importance of different design options in      half-gallon of water per flush, and the
                                                 pare that facility to a baseline case — a     the overall efficiency of the building;        lavatories have a flow rate of a half-gallon
     While green building and sustain-           comparable building without energy and        results should not be interpreted as a         per minute. Ultra low-flow showers and
able design are becoming more com-               water efficiency strategies.                  predictor of actual costs or performance.      sinks have a flow rate of 1.5 gallons per
mon in the design and construction                   Energy modeling can be an accurate            For projects that are already built        minute. As a result, the calculated reduc-
worlds, designing and building with the          way to estimate projected savings, and if     and are striving to improve efficiencies,      tion in water use is more than 5 million
environment in mind has been slow to             completed during schematic design and         the previous year’s energy perfor-             gallons, or 34 percent as compared to the
spread to correctional facilities.               design development, it can guide deci-        mance and water consumption can                Energy Policy Act of 1992.
     As the continued growth of inmate           sions that affect the building’s energy       serve as a good baseline for evaluating             As the Butner Federal Correctional
populations and the need for more correc-        efficiency. Similarly, performing simple      potential upgrades.                            Institution #3 demonstrates, energy and
tional facilities creates a sense of urgency     calculations to predict a facility’s water        Once a facility is operating — either as   water efficiency are key aspects of green
surrounding the construction of new facil-       use as compared to a baseline case            a new or upgraded facility — water and         building, which can justify the greening
ities, the inherent benefits of green build-     allows a design team to select plumbing       energy consumption can be measured to          of any correctional facility through quan-
ing are frequently overlooked in the rush        fixtures that maximize water efficiency.      determine the actual savings accrued by a      tifiable results.
to create additional bed space with new                                                        facility. Those actual savings can be com-
facilities and expansion projects.               Long-Term Costs and Benefits                  pared to the savings modeled or measured       What’s next: Just do it!
     However, building green correctional            Maximizing energy and water effi-         at the beginning of the project, to deter-         Whether you’re embarking on an
facilities is not impossible, and it does not    ciency not only helps to conser ve nat-       mine if the energy and water efficiency        entirely new project or trying to improve
have to be a terribly expensive endeavor.        ural resources, it can also result in         measures are performing as predicted.          the performance of an aging facility,
Incorporating green principles and fea-          significant cost savings over the life of a                                                  start with determining your baseline
tures into correctional facility design          building. Even within the first several       Design Strategies: A Case Study                energy and water performance and then
makes sense, both environmentally and            years in the life of a building, water and         Federal Correctional Institution #3 in    develop strategies to improve the actual
economically. The trick is knowing where         energy efficiency strategies have the         Butner, N.C., the first federal prison pro-    performance over that baseline.
to begin.                                        shortest payback periods of any green         ject to earn LEED certification, shows             After implementing those strategies,
                                                 design feature.                               how simple energy and water efficiency         measuring the actual performance of
Where to Start                                       As the number of correctional facili-     strategies can have a big impact on a          your facility will provide you with the
   For those who have never been                 ties increases in response to growing         building’s resource consumption.               information you need to determine your
involved in a green building project or          inmate populations, so does the amount             The energy model completed during         environmental and financial savings.
who are undertaking the design of a              of resources consumed by correctional         the design phase for the facility pre-
green correctional facility for the first        facilities. Securing, lighting, heating       dicted energy efficiency strategies
time, going green can seem like a daunt-         and cooling correctional facilities           would result in a 31 percent decrease in       Bryna Cosgriff Dunn is a vice presi-
ing task, and knowing where to begin             require a great amount of energy —            energy costs as compared to the                dent at Moseley Architects, serving as
greening a project can be difficult.             energy that is typically derived from         ASHRAE 90.1-1999 baseline. For the             the director of environmental research
   An excellent way to begin is by first         nonrenewable resources.                       approximately 530,000-square-foot facil-       and planning.
focusing on the things that can be mea-              During the design phase of a project,     ity, that is an annual savings of $137,000.
sured: energy and water use.                     the design team should conduct compar-             Energy-ef ficiency         measures          Moseley Architects
   In order to completely understand             ative analyses, predicting the energy         included increasing insulation above
the impacts of reducing energy and               savings and water savings that could be       the roof deck, high-efficiency lighting   

                          Circle #128 on reader service card.                                                                Circle #129 on reader service card.
24   CORRECTIONAL N E W S — M A R C H / A P R I L 2 0 0 8                                                                                              
Circle #130 on reader service card.
Fuel for the Fire                                                                                 Now he gets a better price locally
                                                                                                  because it’s already contracted for him
                                                                                                  right down the road to the prison.

Indiana Officials Discuss Corn Fuel Program                                                           Q: When you were first presented with
                                                                                                  this challenge by the governor, what was
By Michelle M. Murphy                              plentiful corn crops spread across the state   your reaction?
                                                   and decided to do more with them than               KO: Some of us star ted thinking
   Energy efficiency is often a major con-         serve the vegetable at summer barbeques.       about corn energy about six years
cern for new construction and renovation               The DOC teamed up with energy con-         ago. I proposed to do this at a facility            Orme                 Granahan
projects. Of ficials at Indiana’s Depart-          sultant company Johnson Controls Inc. to       and it was not received well. I was
ment of Corrections took a long look at the        save money and increase energy efficiency      laughed out of the room. Now it’s a dif-
                                                   with the implementation of a biomass           ference in the mindset — it’s new                 Q: How did you learn about the
                                                   corn boiler. The $30.4 million contract is     technology and there are so many              products and techniques that were avail-
                                                   projected to save the department $37.7         benefits to the taxpayer.                     able to you?
                                                   million over the next 10 years, for a net                                                        KO: We had a lot of ideas and John-
                                                   savings of $7 million.                                                                       son brought a lot of ideas to the table.
                                                                                                       “This project has actually
 Innovative                                            Correctional News sat down with
                                                   Kevin Orme, director of construction
                                                   services for the Indiana DOC, and
                                                                                                          become a model for
                                                                                                                                                We worked through many hours of
                                                                                                                                                research to come down to what the final
                                                                                                                                                objectives were going to be. We had to

 Building                                          Daniel Granahan, account executive for
                                                   building ef ficiency at Johnson Controls
                                                   Inc., at the American Correctional Asso-
                                                                                                          cooperation between
                                                                                                      contractors and agencies,
                                                                                                                                                look at what was best for corrections,
                                                                                                                                                which definitely put a different twist on
                                                                                                                                                the project’s development because we

 Solutions                                         ciation winter conference to discuss the
                                                   world’s first 600 horsepower-rated boiler,
                                                   run on ethanol.
                                                                                                       especially when working
                                                                                                                                                had to take a long look at the correc-
                                                                                                                                                tions industr y to decide what would
                                                                                                                                                really work.
                                                                                                   within a secure environment.”
                                                       Q: What was the catalyst for this                                                            Q: What were some of your main
                                                   project?                                                                                     objectives in a correctional setting?
                                                       Kevin Orme: We were challenged                 DG: During the proposal process of            KO: We could not interfere or ham-
                                                   by our governor to think outside the           this project, there were criteria to meet     per with operations. If anything, we
                                                   box. Gov. Mitch Daniels is a supporter of      and points were given for buying Indiana      had to improve operations and gain
                                                   freethinking. One of his platforms is the      products and working with Indiana con-        operational efficiency and energy effi-
                                                   reduction of greenhouse gases for              tractors. We weren’t necessarily elimi-       ciency. We were able to do that with
                                                   global energies.                               nating ever ybody else, but instead of        several components.
                                                       He challenged us to find environ-          exporting everything from other states,           We had to complete the project with-
                                                   mentally friendly ways to stimulate our        we tried to stay in-house.                    out displacing the offender population in
                                                   state’s economy. He encouraged us to                KO: We actually exceeded the             any way. Through the partnership we
                                                   keep ever ything in house as much as           requirements for how much labor and           were able to manage that. Not one
                                                   we could so it would be a benefit to the       resources needed to stay inside Indiana.      offender was displaced.
                                                   people. Along with DOC Commissioner
                                                   David Donahue’s support, we were able              Q: How did the DOC and Johnson                Q: How did you manage that?
                                                   to think outside of traditional energy         Controls decide to work together?                 KO: We integrated the vendor into
                                                   management and outside of traditional              KO: With a project like this, Johnson     the facilities. We had staff escorting and
                                                   energy production. When you’re given           Controls had a fiscal interest. They had a    watching Johnson Control employees so
                                                   a palette as clean as that, and when you       $37.1 million investment in this. If this     they were able to work inside our facili-
                                                   are given the ability and encourage-           project doesn’t work, they write us a         ties. They took enough time to research
                                                   ment to complete a project like this, it       check. It’s real simple; there is no risk     the facilities so that they knew how to
                                                   leads to success.                              on the part of the state. The risk is         work within our environment.
                                                                                                  placed solely on the performance-based
                                                       Q: When people think of a green state,     contract that these folks have, not the
                                                   typically California comes to mind. Is         municipality, the jurisdiction or the            “We had to sit down with the
                                                   Indiana really a green-thinking state?         state. This project has actually become a
                                                       Daniel Granahan: I would have              model for cooperation between contrac-        Indiana Department of Environ-
                                                   agreed with you on that until Gov.             tors and agencies, especially when work-
                                                   Daniels took office. His sole objective        ing within a secure environment.               mental Management and actu-
                                                   has been to change the way people
                                                   think and encourage them to bring                  Q: What other types of energy-efficient   ally work out the process because
                                                   new ideas to the table. It’s a breath of       tactics did you use during construction of
                                                   fresh air.                                     the projects?
                                                                                                                                                 it had never been done before.”
                                                       KO: It’s a completely new way of               KO: We did a lot of lighting retro-
                                                   thinking and Indiana is definitely a           fits. We got rid of outmoded, energy-
                                                   green state. We are the leader in              eating electrical lights and installed            Q: What unforeseen challenges pre-
                                                   ethanol production.                            more high-efficiency lighting — whiter        sented themselves during the project?
                                                                                                  lights that are better for the correc-            DG: Some of them were normal con-
                                                        Q: How has the general residential        tional environment.                           struction-related problems, such as
                                                   population of Indiana reacted to the               Some existing problems we faced           materials not arriving on time. However,
                                                   new system?                                    included the yellowing of the lights,         one of the systems that we decided to
                                                        KO: The farmers are ecstatic. They        which produced headaches for the              standardize throughout each facility did
                                                   have lined up to support this. The speci-      staff. We no longer have that problem         not fit well in one area.
                                                   fications of the mechanism include that        and we don’t have to mess with the out-           We had one building where the sys-
                                                   the fuel for the biomass has to be pro-        dated ballasts.                               tem was installed and there was a
                                                   cured within the counties that adjoin the          We’re saving water through more           plumbing issue, which caused some
     1 800 528.9899                                correctional facilities. The system bene-      efficient controls — more efficient water     water damage. Our subcontractor
                                                   fits the Indiana farmer.                       heating systems and water management          quickly remedied the problem. He took
     Direct Dial:
                                                        We have correctional facilities that      systems. We installed control systems         care of all of the damage that was asso-
     1 801 280.1555
                                                   are the size of cities. One facility has 42    that allow us to better manage high-          ciated with the situation, including the                                structures that hold just under 3,000          security areas, which eliminates the          overtime that the facility people had to
                                                   offenders. The Indiana farmer has dri-         offender’s ability to flood a cell. It also   spend there.
 SPRUNG INSTANT STRUCTURES,INC.                    ven by that facility ever y day for his        gives us the ability to control water that        KO: The permitting process for the
        Circle #131 on reader service card.        entire life and never benefited from it.       is underutilized.                             boilers was particularly challenging.
26     CORRECTIONAL N E W S — M A R C H / A P R I L 2 0 0 8                                                                                             
                                                                                                                                               GREEN SCENE — Q&A
Indiana had never permitted a corn             so we are ver y limited. We could have           payback criteria is 10 years, you could com-   ciency and right back to saving the Indi-
boiler of this size.                           done three times as many infrastruc-             plete a $5 million project. You just budget    ana taxpayers dollars.
    There was no data to compare to get        ture improvements if we had a 20-year            the same dollar amount for your utilities,
emissions standards. We had to sit down        payback. The main idea should be to              and, instead of paying your utility company,       Q: Any suggestions on convincing
with the Indiana Department of Environ-        bundle your projects together instead            you pay back this tax-free municipal lease.    more conservative areas to follow a simi-
mental Management and actually work out        of focusing on one individual thing. A           In addition, you get your infrastructure       lar suit?
the process because it had never been          project like this is self-funding, so a          improvements up front.                             DG: Johnson Controls has done a
done before. There was no process in Indi-     budget doesn’t matter because it goes                                                           lot with state legislation and with help-
ana that allowed for an experimental boiler.   away.                                                Q: What do you plan to do with the         ing states get legislation like this
                                                    Say you’re paying $1 million a year in      money you have saved with the new              enabled. There is no politician today
    Q: How did it feel to complete such        utilities right now. If you’re saving $500,000   infrastructure?                                who is not talking about energy effi-
a project?                                     a year in utility costs once you implement           KO: It all goes right back into infra-     ciency. You have to have forward-think-
    KO: I’ve got the original draft prints     an energy performance contract, and your         structure improvement and energy effi-         ing and open-minded support. I
for the world’s first 600 horsepower-
rated boiler that will be framed and hung
in my office.

   Q: Some argue that ethanol is dam-
aging to the environment. Did you
encounter any resistance?
   KO: Not at all. The Indiana Depart-
ment of Environmental Management
was ver y receptive to what we were
doing. The emissions data that we did
develop from testing to get our permit
was completely acceptable.
   Two of the facilities are in the most
environmentally conscious area near
Chicago where they really monitor emis-
sions and we were able to satisfy the
requirements there. We are not burning
the product; we’re actually burning the
gases of the product.
   What we’re doing in this case is
superheating corn to where it gasifies. It
starts to combust and produces prod-
ucts of combustible gases, which then
heat the product. So it’s more efficient
and it burns off all the byproducts that
would normally go up into the air.

“I’ve got the original draft prints
  for the world’s first 600 horse-
 power-rated boiler that will be
framed and hung in my office.”

    Q: What type of backup plan do you
have in case corn crops are poor?
    KO: Press a button and we go right
back to a gas boiler.
    DG: We’re not taking away what
they’re using now. We are adding this as
a baseline.

    Q: What advice would you give to
someone pursuing a similar project that
lacks the support you had?
    KO: Start with the basics. Look at
how much you’re paying per square foot
per year for heating your facility and
other facilities. The benchmark is to
compare facility’s per-square-foot Btu
requirement versus the benchmark for
that geographic area. There’s a big dis-
parity across the United States so you
have to look at newer construction
within your geographic region and look
at your benchmark.

    Q: What would you tell someone with
a really low budget to focus on?
    KO: Lighting.
    DG: It would also depend on what
state they are in. Each state’s legisla-
tion allows cer tain payback criteria.
Indiana has a 10-year payback period                                                                  Circle #132 on reader service card.                                                                                                         CORRECTIONAL NEWS — MARCH/APRIL 2008                27
New Horizons: A View From
The design of Oregon’s Deer Ridge Correctional
Institution embraces the challenges, pressures
and opportunities presented by shifting
landscapes and new horizons in correctional
programming, inmate populations and
environmental sustainability.


             fter more than 10 years of planning and        function as the specialized treatment center for the            The task at hand for the DLR design team and gen-
             pauses, Department of Corrections offi-        state prison system, Young says.                            eral contractors, Hoffman Construction Co. and Kirby
             cials unveiled the $190 million Deer Ridge         Incorporating a dedicated geriatric unit, Deer Ridge    Nagelhout Construction Co., was to interpret and
             Correctional Institution as the template for   DRCI also finds itself at the vanguard of Oregon’s          enhance that vision and transform it into a three-dimen-
the future of corrections in Oregon — a future shaped       efforts to grapple with the graying of its prison popula-   sional reality.
by growing pressures and shifting challenges, but one       tion and the growing number of elderly, infirm, non-            The design reflects a condensed-prison format in
defined by the promise of new horizons in program-          ambulatory or long-term-care inmates.                       which housing units, day rooms, programming
ming, sustainability and design.                                Designed to LEED Silver standards, the project          space, and ser vice, work and recreational space are
    Covering approximately 200 acres of a 453-acre site     also demonstrates Oregon’s commitment to environ-           situated to form and flow around a community mall-
in central Oregon, the Deer Ridge complex encapsu-          mental sustainability.                                      type footprint.
lates two discrete facilities. The 644-bed minimum-             While the entire complex is surrounded by a 15-foot         “The community mall creates the feeling of a city-
security facility features two four-pod dormitor y          security fence, a second no-climb fence, augmented          street environment to accustom inmates to life in soci-
housing units with private shower and toilet facilities.    with microwave motion detection, encircles the              ety,” Bursma says.
    The 1,223-bed medium-security facility has seven        medium-security facility.                                       Inmates circulate through different facilities to
housing units — cells and dormitories — and includes            The complex features a central obser vation and         access a multitude services and programs from laun-
a two-pod, 120-bed segregation unit where inmates           control tower located on the third floor of a gatehouse.    dry and dining to treatment, education and work.
with behavioral or disciplinar y problems are held in       Incorporating windows on all four sides, similar to an          A series of decentralized exercise yards that con-
solitary confinement for 23 hours per day.                  air-traffic control tower, the control room affords secu-   nect each pair of housing units is designed to increase
    “This project incorporates some earth-shaking ele-      rity staff 360-degree lines of sight and a roofscape van-   the amount of time inmates can experience the out-
ments for the world of corrections,” says Bill Bursma,      tage point across the entire complex.                       side environment.
AIA, principal at project architect DLR Group.                  The medium-security facility incorporates 400 sur-          “The environmental concept of the project is to pro-
    “For the last number of years, the Oregon DOC has       veillance camera installations, while secondary control     vide inmates with a window on to the horizon rather
attempted to create environmental innovations, evolve       rooms monitor each pair of housing pods under a             than warehousing them in a tin can,” Bursma says.
correctional values and programming, and achieve            direct-supervision model.
operational efficiencies, and the whole world wants to          “Deer Ridge has immense correctional value              Holistic Strategy, Singular Vision
look at the projects here,” Bursma says.                    because while inmates are here first and foremost to be         Treatment space and programming at Deer
    The complex is designed to create a physical and        corrected, they are treated in way that helps them real-    Ridge are designed to facilitate a therapeutic com-
functional community that will engender and encour-         ize that they are people with the opportunity and ability   munity process, which is a key par t of the DOC’s
age the community atmosphere and mind-set that lie at       to get outside, to view the horizon and to live life as     strategy to help inmates transition successfully back
the heart of the DOC’s programmatic values and objec-       though in society,” Bursma says.                            into society.
tives for inmate rehabilitation.                                                                                            “In emphasizing, enabling, fostering and reinforc-
    In addition, Deer Ridge embodies Oregon’s efforts       Village Vision Drives Design                                ing pro-social thinking and behavior, we see Deer
to address the state’s growing population of special-           “What intrigued us about this project was the           Ridge as the opposite of the criminal university,” says
needs inmates, says Doug Young, DOC new prison con-         degree of forward thinking and the department’s cor-        Kevin Hormann, DOC assistant superintendent transi-
struction program coordinator.                              rectional vision,” Bursma says. “Oregon is offering a lot   tional services.
    Specifically designed to accommodate substance          of progressive and innovative ideas and these initiatives       The minimum-security facility has 12 classrooms
abuse and mental health programming, Deer Ridge will        travel to other jurisdictions and states.”                  and a computer laborator y, where inmates pursue
28   CORRECTIONAL N E W S — M A R C H / A P R I L 2 0 0 8                                                                                      
                                                                                            ductive citizens. Classes will focus on      designated as a combined mental
                                                                                            areas, such as managing personal and         health and substance abuse unit —
                                                                                            financial obligations and adhering to        while 224 beds at the medium-security
                                                                                            terms of parole.                             facility will be dedicated to specialized
                                                                                                “The complexity of the situation         treatment programs.
                                                                                            inmates face, with so many compo-                Chemical-dependency certified coun-
                                                                                            nents and issues as they transition          selors from CiviGenics, of Marlborough,
                                                                                            back into society, makes it a highly         Mass., will provide comprehensive sub-

m the Ridge
                                                                                            problematic journey where successful         stance abuse programming targeted
                                                                                            solutions and outcomes are difficult to      toward inmates housed in the minimum-
                                                                                            achieve,” Hormann says.                      security facility.
                                                                                                A preliminary trades apprenticeship
                                                                                            program is also being developed to help
                                                                                            inmates earn marketable trades skills        “The entire system at Deer Ridge
                                                                                            and industry-recognized credentials in
  GED courses and adult education and           behaviors by developing the pro-social      the carpentr y, plumbing and electrical
                                                                                                                                          is set up to empower inmates to
  ESL classes provided by Central Ore-          thinking patterns and problem-solving       fields. Already in operation at other        become co-agents for change and
  gon Community College, of Bend,               skills necessary to be successful mem-      DOC prisons, the program aims to pre-
  Ore. Inmates housed in the medium-            bers of society.                            pare inmates for additional trade-specific    our security staff play an essen-
  security facility can also avail of edu-          Modeled on social learning theor y,     training and commencement of full
  cational, job and cognitive and life          programs incorporate self-assessment        apprenticeship after release.                  tial role as part of the broader
  skills programming.                           tools and a variety of other teaching           Inmates will have the oppor tunity
      “For a number of years, Oregon has        techniques that actively engage             to gain experience and skills by work-          therapeutic community that
  worked toward lowering the risk for future    inmates in the learning process, of fi-     ing with physical plant staff, who will
  criminal behavior by providing inmates        cials say. Teaching methods engender        act as coaches and teachers, providing
                                                                                                                                               surrounds and supports
  with the necessary tools and skills and by    respect for self and others, and allow      training in various trades as they             inmates’ behavioral change.”
  striving to hold them accountable for their   inmates to experience success and           involve inmates in facility maintenance
  behavior,” Hormann says.                      positive reinforcement for responsible      and plant operations.
        However, rehabilitative program-        behavior.                                       “It’s about the whole package —              CiviGenics operates treatment pro-
  ming cannot function successfully with-                                                   facilities, programming, staff and           grams at the Oregon State Penitentiary
  out the participation and contribution of                                                 inmates — with all the parts and people      in Salem, and in 11 other states, includ-
  correctional officers.                           “In emphasizing, enabling,               working together toward the same end,”       ing California, Florida and Illinois.
       “The entire system at Deer Ridge is                                                  Hormann says.                                    “The minimum-security facility is
  set up to empower inmates to become                fostering and reinforcing                  With Deer Ridge’s commercial stan-       where our high-dollar investment is
  co-agents for change and our security                                                     dard kitchen and food service facilities,    focused,” Hormann says.
  staff play an essential role as part of the
                                                     pro-social thinking and                inmates will also have the opportunity to        Medium-security inmates with men-
  broader therapeutic community that sur-          behavior, we see Deer Ridge              gain experience in a variety of culinary     tal health issues and substance abuse
  rounds and supports inmates’ behav-                                                       areas, such as baking and food-service       problems will be housed in two 112-bed
  ioral change,” Hormann says.                         as the opposite of the               management.                                  cell-housing pods, designated as mental
      Programming emphasizes counsel-                                                                                                    health transition units. The medium-
  ing and classes in pro-social thinking pat-          criminal university.”                Special Needs                                security units are designed to provide a
  terns, problem solving, life- skills and                                                      The design of the complex was            more sheltered environment for
  parenting designed to help inmates feel                                                   adapted to accommodate inmates with          inmates who would have difficulty in
  and act like productive responsible citi-         Pathfinder programs focus on            mental health and substance abuse            general population.
  zens after re-entry.                          teambuilding, communications, prob-         issues and the specialized programming           “Offenders who are self-medicating
                                                lem-solving, values clarification,          dedicated to their demands and needs.        are not stable when they arrive, so we
  Skills for Life                               anger-, time- and stress- management,           The minimum-security facility pro-       provide an extra level of protection to
     Portland-based Pathfinders of Ore-         life planning, and cognitive and behav-     vides 212 dormitor y beds for inmates        enhance their stabilization during this
  gon, which has provided rehabilitation        ioral skills.                               with mental health and substance             initial period before they transition into
  programs for more than 20 years, will             DOC correctional counselors will        abuse issues — two pods house                the general population,” Hormann says.
  provide cognitive skills programming at       also conduct a range of classes in essen-   inmates with substance abuse prob-               In an ef for t to develop and main-
  Deer Ridge. Programs are designed to          tial post-release life skills designed to   lems, one pod is devoted to inmates          tain continuity of care after re-entr y for
  help inmates replace ingrained anti-social    help inmates become and remain pro-         with mental health issues and one is         inmates with mental health issues,
                                                                                                                                         Deer Ridge will place a major empha-
                                                                                                                                         sis on building bridges between cor-
      The condensed-prison format at Deer Ridge situates housing units, day rooms, programming space, and service,
      work and recreational space to form and flow around a community mall-type footprint.

                                                                                                                                          P R O J E C T              D ATA
                                                                                                                                          Facility Name: Deer Ridge
                                                                                                                                               Correctional Facility
                                                                                                                                          Type: Medium & Minimum
                                                                                                                                               Correctional Facility
                                                                                                                                          Construction Budget: $190 million
                                                                                                                                          Number of Beds: 1,867
                                                                                                                                          Area: 534,000 square feet
                                                                                                                                          Start Date: March 2005
                                                                                                                                          Completion Date: November 2007
                                                                                                                                          Owner/Operator: Oregon Department
                                                                                                                                               of Corrections
                                                                                                                                          Owner Representative: Doug Young,
                                                                                                                                               New Prison Construction Program
                                                                                                                                          Project Manager: Eric Manus, DOC
                                                                                                                                          Owner Consultant:
                                                                                                                                               Heery International
                                                                                                                                          Architect: DLR Group
                                                                                                                                          General Contractor:
                                                                                                                                               Hoffman Construction Co.
                                                                                                                                               Kirby Nagelhout Construction Co.
                                                                                                                                               — Courtesy of Oregon DOC                                                                                                 CORRECTIONAL NEWS — MARCH/APRIL 2008                   29
rections staf f and community mental              demands of the corrections industry and
health professionals.                             the rigors of the desert climate of central
     “Making connections and establish-           Oregon, which experiences less than 10
ing support networks in the communi-              percent humidity during the summer.
ties enhances monitoring of inmates,                  The system, which incorporates car-
provides continuity of care and ensures           bon dioxide monitors to enhance effi-
maintenance of treatment and medica-              ciency and reduce system load,
tion regimen,” Hormann says.                      combines direct and indirect evaporative
     Accommodating special-needs                  cooling to maintain optimal levels of
inmates in more protective settings ded-          cooling and humidity. The indirect cycle
icated to their specific demands                  cools without introducing moisture,
emerged as a primary theme of the Deer            while the direct cycle introduces humid-
Ridge project, which is the first of the          ity at controlled levels.
state’s 14 prisons to incorporate a geri-             DLR conducted laboratory testing of
atric housing unit, officials say.                a full-scale mock-up of the HVAC system
     Situated in the medium-security facil-       prior to installation to insure that it
ity, the 91-bed unit features a combination       would perform to specification.
of single and double bunk beds. The mod-              “When you have an environment
ified dormitory is configured for geriatric       with a lot of people in close proximity for
care and can accommodate standard hos-            extended periods, you want to move               Incorporating windows on all four sides, the watchtower control room
pital beds for inmates confined to bed due        large amounts of air, and this system            affords staff a complex-roofscape vantage point and 360-degree lines of sight.
to long-term health issues.                       functions well with a lot of air changes,”
     “Inmates in the upper bunks act as           Bursma says.
care aids for the others in a buddy-style                The complex also features a
system,” says Kevin Hormann, assistant            hydronic heating system, which
superintendent transitional ser vices at          includes an installation of eight small
Deer Ridge.                                       boiler units housed in a central boiler
     The medical center features a                plant that services buildings throughout
trauma room, several exam rooms, a                the entire complex in a closed loop.
four-chair dental facility and an X-Ray               The system’s modular design
room. The center’s 8-bed infirmary con-           enhances efficiency by providing the
sists of three single-bed cells and a five-       ability to trim system load and output as
bed ward.                                         necessary or desired by taking individ-
     Beds at Deer Ridge will be opened in         ual boiler units temporarily off line dur-
phases to match DOC housing needs.                ing periods of low demand.
The complex will house approximately                    The system, which conducts heat
600 inmates by March 2008, officials say.         via liquid, is more efficient than systems
Officials expect the population to                that use air, Bursma says. Generating            Medium-security housing units incorporate a steel decking
increase to almost 1,000 inmates during           heat from a central plant is also more           and open-web, steel joist system, overlaid with insulation
2010, and reach the full capacity of 1,887        efficient than using multiple decentral-         and exterior roofing materials.
by 2013.                                          ized points, he says.
                                                      An integrated building management
Greening the Big House                            system, which controls plant operations
    While DOC officials do not intend to          for the entire complex enhances opera-
register Deer Ridge for USGBC certifi-            tional efficiency.
cation, the complex is designed to LEED
Silver standards, with Eugene-based               Challenges and Impact
architectural and engineering firm                    In order to facilitate special-needs
Solarc acting as LEED consultants on              access throughout complex, the design
the project.                                      team had to overcome several chal-
                                                  lenges posed by topography. The origi-
                                                  nal site exhibited a cross slope of more
“This project incorporates some                   than 5 percent.
 earth-shaking elements for the                       Workers excavated between 500,000
                                                  and 600,000 cubic yards of soil during the
        world of corrections.”                    preconstruction phase as the site was ter-
                                                  raced to reduce the gradient on pathways
                                                  to a 3 percent slope, Young says.
    The design team incorporated sky-                 In addition, the sewer system had to          The minimum-security facility is based on an adapted modular wood-frame DLR
                                                                                                    prototype design that features exposed heavy-timber beams.
lights wherever possible to leverage nat-         be designed and configured to overcome
ural light and integrated a lighting control      202 feet of vertical lift as it negotiated the
system to enhance lighting efficiency and         surrounding terrain. The complex’s
reduce energy consumption. Energy-effi-           drainage system was reinforced to
cient shrouded and down lighting was              accommodate heavy water runoff associ-
incorporated throughout the complex to            ated with the climate and site.
make it dark-skies compliant.                         “Bringing in the utilities needed for
    To further reduce energy consump-             the prison was also a challenge,” Young
tion, laundry facilities use heat-recovery        says. The site was three miles from the
wheels to recover heat from drier                 nearest infrastructure.
exhausts, while machines are config-                  Local authorities often bare the bur-
ured to reuse water over multiple opera-          den of such infrastructure expansions in
tion cycles.                                      order to attract prison developments.
    Due to the desert climate, landscap-          However, state law requires the DOC to
ing throughout the complex is designed            pay the fair and reasonable cost of infra-
to be brown mode and irrigation free.             structure upgrades and expansions.
Arid landscaping techniques emphasiz-                 “Local authorities and taxpayers can
ing the use of native drought-resistant           reap the economic rewards of the devel-
plants and grasses were employed to               opment without being forced to bare the
eliminate irrigation needs and reduce             burden of millions of dollars in infra-           The modular, hydronic heating system services buildings
overall water consumption.                        structure costs,” Young says.                     throughout the entire complex in a closed loop.
    The HVAC system is well suited to the             The DOC also incorporated an out-
30   CORRECTIONAL N E W S — N O V E M B E R / D E C E M B E R 2 0 0 7                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                    FACILITY OF THE MONTH
door firearms training range at Deer        sents just one tangible example of the         decking and open-web, steel joist sys-          mum-security housing components,
Ridge with six 100-yard and 12 50-yard      benefits and resources the development         tem, overlaid with insulation and exte-         Bursma says.
shooting lanes, which is open to other      has brought to the region,” Young says.        rior roofing materials, while unit walls            First used by the DOC at Coffee Creek
jurisdictions and agencies.                                                                are constructed of double-skin steel and        Correctional Facility, in Wilsonville, the
    “The region lacked appropriate          Dollars and Sense                              concrete in-fill. Unit design and con-          prototype is designed to yield staffing effi-
firearms training and competency quali-          Designed to International Building        struction delivers a comparatively low-         ciencies, Young says. Beds are arranged
fication facilities and the range repre-    Code standards for institutional-group I-3     cost roofing solution, Bursma says.             around the perimeter of the housing pod
                                            occupancy — restraint, detention or secu-          In contrast, the minimum-security           to facilitate direct supervision.
                                            rity facilities for more than five persons —   facility is composed of housing units that          “The DOC is big on learning lessons
      P R O D U C T                         the medium-security facility features steel
                                            and concrete construction models recently
                                                                                           feature modular wood-framed construc-
                                                                                           tion. The exposed heavy-timber construc-
                                                                                                                                           from previous experience and is always
                                                                                                                                           looking for innovative design, construction
         D ATA                              authorized for use in security settings.       tion of the adapted DLR prototype design        and operational efficiencies and economies
                                                 Housing units incorporate a steel         delivers a cost-effective solution for mini-    in their projects,” Bursma says. I
 Security Equipment: CML Specialties Inc.
 Security Systems:
       Engineered Control Systems

 Metal Detectors: Alexander Enterprises
 HVAC: Cascade Heating
 HVAC Control Systems: Clima-Tech
 Electrical: Aspen Ridge Electric/Gowdy
       Bros. Electric                                                                                                  for a clean,
                                                                                                                       safe environment.
 Plumbing: Interstate Mechanical
 Fire Suppression Sprinklers:
       High Desert Security &
       Fire/Western States
 Fire Protection/All American Fire                                                                                     Create high-performance correctional facilities with
 Food Service Equipment: Gill Group Inc.                                                                               Astra-Glaze-SW+® glazed concrete masonry units …
 Laundry Equipment:
       Pacific Fabricare Systems                                                                                       the beauty of ceramic tile with the structural integrity
 Site Work: KN EXCO, Inc.
 Concrete Block Masonry:                                                                                               and durability of concrete masonry units.
       Davidson’s Masonry
 Landscape and Irrigation: Dennis Seven                                                                                Safety First
       Dees Landscaping                                                                                                Astra-Glaze-SW+ facings are permanently molded to
 Asphalt Paving: Hooker Creek
 Fencing: Viking National Fence                                                                                        the concrete block and cannot be removed without
 Concrete Tables, Benches, Trash Cans:
                                                                                                                       destruction to the concrete block itself.
       Petersen Manufacturing Co.
 Insulation: Insulation Contractors
       of Oregon                                                                                                       Clean-Room Environments
 GLB: Wood Tech Services                                                                                               Mold and moisture resistant, Astra-Glaze-SW+ is
 I-Joist: Standard Structures
 Roofing Membrane: Eagle Roofing                                                                                       the optimal solution for sanitary and clean room
 Flashing and Sheet Metal:                                                                                             environments. The tight impervious surface is perfect
       JICA Construction
 Joint Sealants:                                                                                                       for foodservice areas, restrooms, cells or anywhere
       McKenzie Waterproofing Inc.
 Hollow Metal Doors, Frames                                                                                            bacteria tends to breed.
       and Hardware:
       Chown Grand Openings                                                                                            Sustainability
 Security Access Doors: Nystrom Inc.                                                                                   Available with recycled content,
 Overhead Coiling Doors/Grills:
       Crawford Roll-Lite Door                                                                                         Astra-Glaze-SW+ offers low life-cycle
 Vinyl Windows: Miller Lumber
                                                                                                                       costs. The low maintenance,
 Glass & Glazing: Alpine Glass Co.
 Skylights: Architectural Specialties                                                                                  graffiti-resistant satin finish eliminates
 Projection Screens/Louver Blinds:
       Triple I Interiors                                                                                              the need to repaint and will last the
 Gypsum Wallboard: Pine Mountain                                                                                       lifetime of your building. Exceptionally resistant to
 Resinous Floor System and                                                                                             staining, abrasion, impact and chemicals, fire-rated
       Special Coatings:
                                                                                                                       Astra-Glaze-SW+ units are virtually impenetrable to
       Pioneer Waterproofing
 Flooring: Thomas Kay Textiles                                                                                         spray paint, permanent markers or grease.
 Tate Access Floor:
       Bank and Office Interiors
 FRP Wall Systems:
       Trojan Wall Products Inc.
 Interior/Exterior Paint: Aurora Painting
 Visual Display Units: PBS Supply Co.
 Open File Shelving: TAB Northwest
 Toilet Compartments, Cubicle Curtains
       and Tracks:
                                                       premium architectural masonry units
       WH Cress Co.
 Operable Partitions:
       Interior Technology Inc.
 Dock Levelers/Storage Shelving:
       Northwest Handling Inc.                                                                                       Ask about Trenwyth’s full line of inspiring architectural
 Toilet Accessories/Literature Racks:
       North Country Building Specialties                                                                            concrete masonry units. Call 800-233-1924 or visit

 Illuminators: Carr Corp.
 Diagnostic System: MedSupplier
 Medical Casework: ISEC Inc.
 Control Console/P-Lam Casework:
       Hillstrom Cabinets Inc.
       — Courtesy of Oregon DOC
                                                                                              Circle #133 on reader service card.                                                                                                    CORRECTIONAL NEWS — MARCH/APRIL 2008                     31
The Green Revolution
Reducing the Environmental Footprint of Incarceration
Be Stephen A. Carter                             eration revolution truly altered the        ation” theory that suggests that we first
                                                 methods of configuring housing units in     become familiar with the culture into
    In one of the many inspiring                 prisons throughout the world.               which we are born then we move from
speeches that Dr. Martin Luther King                 Like all revolutions, there are two     this familiarity to a place (think college,
gave, he told a group of college students        sides to the debate regarding direct and    militar y, peace corps, Pittsburgh)
that he could think of nothing more              indirect super vision. But the concept      where we become newly comfortable;
tragic than sleeping through a revolu-           revolutionized our perception of the bar-   and finally we turn our gaze back to our
tion. He wasn’t criticizing the need for a       riers that prevent the normalization of     native culture but with the insight of
good nap, or even commenting on the              management in a correctional environ-       new eyes.                                                       Carter
“regime” change that occurred. Dr.               ment. In the end, the entire notion of           The emerging green movement in
King was using the 20-year snooze of             managing, rather than obser ving,           our culture may in fact be step three of      have not pushed away from the buffet
Rip Van Winkle who dozed off under               inmates was not revolutionar y at all.      Srinivas’ theory. To survive, our nation      soon enough. This is the change that
George III and awakened to George                The change was in the way that the          began as conser vationists before it          will require an attitude adjustment, not
Washington to make the point that Rip            design community responded; and that        moved into a new culture characterized        to mention will power.
missed the revolution and thus the par-          became revolutionary.                       by excess. Now it may be forced to                 One reason why the direct-supervi-
ticipation in change.                                                                        return to where it began.                     sion revolution worked so well was the
    Some of the readers of this issue of                                                          The need to sur vive may yet again       attitudes and habits of staff and inmates
Correctional News that is devoted to a                 Dr. King was using the                redefine our culture. This return to the      were altered and ultimately reflected
discussion of the new green revolution                                                       first-born stage will significantly alter     through the design of spaces. Architects
in correctional environments will recall
                                                              20-year snooze of              the daily routine of our lives. For exam-     and material manufacturers are clever
the last time a really remarkable change                    Rip Van Winkle who               ple, this magazine which is already avail-    people that will creatively respond to
occurred in the design of correctional                                                       able electronically, may have to become       direction. As with most revolutions, in
facilities. In the 1970s, the Bureau of              dozed off under George III              exclusively so. I dread when I won’t have     the beginning, the focus has to be upon
Prisons under the design leadership of                                                       to wash my hands after reading the            altering a mind set, and in the correc-
Jim Webster, Gar y Mote, Mar y Galey,                         and awakened to                morning newspaper, but I know that day        tional environment this will involve staff
and Scott Higgins, among others began                                                        is nigh.                                      and inmates.
to press for a different design response                George Washington to                      In the greening of our prisons, the           Two of the most basic elements of
to managing prisoners.                                                                       big picture is important but the success      sur vival are light and water, both of
    Their thesis, supported by quantita-               make the point that Rip               of the revolution will depend upon the        which are used in great quantities in cor-
tive and anecdotal research, was that                       missed the revolution            response at the lowest common denomi-         rectional facilities. Back in 2003 in a
removal of the barriers to staff and pris-                                                   nator — us. Of course, we need the very       Trendspotting article, I suggested that
oner communication would lessen ten-                 and thus the participation              broad policy initiatives based on scien-      the average American prisoner uses at
sion and stress, and would encourage                                                         tific research, but the carbon footprint      least 80-120 gallons of water a day to just
the use of more normative — and less                             in change.                  that each one of us leaves every single       flush the toilet.
expensive — materials.                                                                       day will be where the change will have to          Consider the water used to launder
    This relatively uncomplicated con-                                                       begin. Consider this: recent research         clothes and linens, prepare food and
cept initiated a change in the design of            The Indian anthropologist M.N.           from the University of Illinois has found     cool the facilities and the magnitude of
correctional facilities that has been sus-       Srinivas offered insight into our           that our cars use an extra billion gallons    just this one daily necessity is stun-
tained to the present day. The third-gen-        response to change in his “third-gener-     of gas a year to transport those of us who    ning. A number of institutions have

                          Circle #134 on reader service card.
32   CORRECTIONAL N E W S — M A R C H / A P R I L 2 0 0 8                                                                                           
                                                                                                                         GREEN SCENE — TRENDSPOTTING
experimented with low water usage toi-        DOC towards a sustainability plan five             of Architecture for Justice to arm the rev-      tasks of “waste not, want not” in the
lets, but as yet this has not become a        years ago. Today, the DOC is requiring             olutionaries with the evidence based             housing units. From simple changes to
cultural change.                              LEED certification on all new prisons.             research to inform the movement.                 the living place, the broader footprint-
    The second high usage area that is            The ACA has a role in promoting the                The coming lifestyle alteration to           reduction measures will follow and, as
solely down to individual consumption is      concept through the promulgation of                sustain a livable earth is inevitable and is     with direct supervision, the correctional
electricity for lighting living spaces. In    standards. Just as the acceptance of a new         not a revolution that any of us will be          community will respond. I
Claire Bonham-Carter’s ver y well-pre-        acoustical standard has been a challenge           able to sleep through. We have lived the
pared presentation, “It’s Not Easy Being      of mind-sets, so too will be the recom-            alternative culture and have an incredi-
Green,” at the recent Grapevine Ameri-        mendation to reduce the environmental              ble opportunity to have learned the              Stephen A. Carter, AICP, is principal
can Correctional Association winter con-      footprint of places where we rehabilitate          lessons from consumption and adjust to           of Carter Goble Lee LLC in Columbia,
ference, she advised us that buildings        people. Perhaps this is a call for the Facil-      a more sustainable incarceration envi-           S.C., and a Correctional News
consume 65 percent of all electricity, and    ity Design Committee and the Academy               ronment by starting with the simple              Columnist.
by inference correctional facilities are at
the top of the list of high-use building
types. No one expects prisons to be
operated in the dark, but the notion that
night and day is indistinguishable inside
many dayrooms and cells is a concept
that may require another look.

   No one expects prisons to be
   operated in the dark, but the
   notion that night and day is                                                                                                     Over 20 Years
  indistinguishable inside many                                                                                          More than 1,200 Projects
 dayrooms and cells is a concept
 that may require another look.
                                                                                Our Numbers tell the story.
    The issue of light raises the opportu-
nity to comment on a trend that I find
                                                                                  And so do our letters.
especially disturbing: the removal of nat-
ural light from cells. One of the least
costly ways to achieve appropriate and
healthy light levels is to partner with                                                                                                                              that
                                                                                                                                                     to announce
Mother Nature. Yet the trendy “cost-dri-
                                                                                                                                   e are pleased                    osen as
                                                                                                                                                      has been ch

ven” argument involves windowless cells
                                                                                                              rse-                  yo ur company                     ur exist-
which require more electricity to illumi-                                                      licited endo                                            to replace o
                                                                      his lett er is my unso                      at                th e contractor                    s based
nate the space. The standard was initially                                                       nine years th                                          decision wa
proposed by ACA to accommodate jails
on restricted urban sites, not to conceive
windowless boxes in the middle of corn-
                                                                       I have  been involve
                                                                    M.T.I. Contr
                                                                                Over the last
                                                                                               d with servic
                                                                                     ol systems a
                                                                                    n overall ple
                                                                                                    t our local
                                                                                                  ased with it

                                                                                                                         ing security
                                                                                                                         on but not
                                                                                                                          • The pro
                                                                                                                                        system. This
                                                                                                                                      limited to th
                                                                                                                                         ven response
                                                                                                                                                      e following
                                                                                                                                                          time for ma
                                                                                                                                              e M.T.I. syst
                                                                                                                                                             em .
fields. Try that concept in most other
                                                              jail , I have bee                g that   I have                 nance on th                             d the
                                                                                . The trainin                                                            e system an
nations and endure the ridicule.
                                                               performance                  ty and the to
                                                                                                            ols that
                                                                                                                           • The re     liability of th               t it can
    One of the greatest benefits of the                                        your facili                                                              stem, in tha
                                                               received at                      rrogate the
                                                                                                                               simpli   city of the sy own st aff which
pending green revolution in prison                                               vided to inte                 t and                            ed by our
                                                                you have pro                     troubleshoo                    be maintain                     costs.
design is the requirement that we re-                                           llowed me to                    that                             aintenance
                                                                tem, have a                       ry problem                    decreased m                             nter or
think our mission and our core values,                                            ir almost eve that I was                                              over-the-cou
which was the focus of the third-genera-                         quickly repa                   m es                        • The a      bility to get
                                                                                  g the few ti              chnical                              repair parts.
                                                                 arose. Durin                the phone te                        inexpensive                             ring the
                                                                                                                                                          own time du
tion-revolution. Just as with the move
                                                                  perplexed,     your over                        suc-                    ast quoted d
toward direct supervision and the per-                                                            through to a               • The le
                                                                                  e guided me                   nology                            process.
ceived diminution of security, the same                           support hav                     omery Tech                      changeover                             bility of
                                                                                   tion... Montg                                                          ard compati
reluctance will likely occur as we                                 cessful solu                    ust with all
                                                                                                                              • The 1     00% backw
                                                                                    ne name I tr
attempt to reduce the environmental                                Inc. is the o                   s.                              the system..
footprint of our facilities by designing                                            control need
                                                                    automated                                                                                             Dover
naturally lighted and ventilated correc-                                                                                                                  Major G.M.
                                                                                                      John Dixon                                                          trator
tional facilities.                                                                                                                                         Jail Adminis
                                                                                                       Technician                                                     , Georgia
                                                                                      Maintenance                 da                                   Cartersville
                                                                                                 Starke, Flori
 In the greening of our prisons,                                                                                                                                       ISO 9001 Certified
                                                                                                                                                                 U.L. Certified Panel Shop
                                                                                                                                                                      Certified       Sh
   the big picture is important
 but the success of the revolution                                                                   Providing long-term systems and long-term solutions

        will depend upon the
 response at the lowest common
        denominator — us.
    As with the third-generation revolu-                                                                  MONTGOMERY
tion, we need leaders that are willing to
push the barriers; one such leader is
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                                                                                                    Circle #135 on reader service card.                                                                                                          CORRECTIONAL NEWS — MARCH/APRIL 2008                      33
N.Y. Alters Approach to Mentally Ill Inmates
    NEW YORK — State prison inmates               housing units in which they are routinely         ments of all inmates segregated in spe-         improve the state’s approach to, and
with serious mental health issues will no         segregated from the general population            cial housing units, while inmates held in       handling of, inmates with serious mental
longer be held in solitary confinement            for committing disciplinary infractions.          solitar y confinement will receive peri-        issues, while enhancing staff and public
after Gov. Eliot Spitzer signed into a law             Mentally ill inmates will be housed          odic assessments.                               safety, officials say.
a legislative bill to improve treatment           in secure residential treatment units,                The legislation also provides                   In 2002, disability advocates filed
and facilities.                                   which will be jointly operated by the             expanded mental health training for cor-        suit in federal court against the adminis-
    The new legislation removes inmates           Department of Correctional Ser vices              rectional officers and staff, and autho-        tration of then governor George Pataki,
with mental health issues from the special        and the state’s Of fice of Mental                 rizes the Commission on Quality Care            over the housing and treatment of men-
                                                      Health. Inmates will receive mental           and Advocacy for People with Disabili-          tally ill inmates in state prison. In 2006,
                                                      health treatment, specialized ser-            ties to monitor mental health programs          Gov. Spitzer moved to improve condi-
                                                      vices and therapeutic programming             in the state prison system, officials say.      tions and treatment of inmates with seri-
                                                      under the super vision of trained                 Under New York’s Sex Offender               ous mental health issues.
                                                      staff, officials say.                         Management and Treatment Act and a                  Spitzer ended the DOCS practice of
                                                          In delivering new mental health           recent court settlement with advocates          23-hour-per-day solitary confinement and
                                                      treatment facilities and enhanced             for the mentally ill, the DOCS is               specified that mentally ill inmates receive
                                                      programming, the DOCS will incur              required to create new dedicated facili-        at least two hours of treatment and four
                                                      estimated capital project costs of $70        ties, hire additional specialized staff, and    hours of recreation per day. As part of the
                                                      million and annual operating costs of         provide enhanced treatment for sex              initiative, the governor also limited sev-
                                                      more than $20 million, officials say.         offenders and mentally ill inmates.             eral DOCS practices, including a bread-
                                                          In addition, the DOCS is required             In expanding treatment and training,        and-cabbage diet, which were commonly
                                                      to conduct mental health assess-              the legislative initiative is designed to       used to punishment inmates.

                                                     Survey Finds 80 Percent of Wyoming Inmates Suffered Brain Injury
                                                         RAWLINS, Wyo. — More than 80                emotional intelligence, experts say.           and symptoms of brain injur y as they
                                                     percent of state inmates have suffered a            Participants were asked to respond         interact with inmates who engage in
                                                     brain injury during their life, according to    to a series of questions relating to their     problem behavior or who have difficulty
                                                     the Wyoming Brain Injury Association.           medical and life histories, such as falls,     functioning in the general population,
                                                         Working with the Department of              injuries and strokes, hospital stays,          officials say.
                                                     Corrections, the association adminis-           medications, and any functional impair-            The sur vey was administered to a
      YOU CAN DEPEND                                 tered a 17-page survey designed to eval-        ments and difficulties with daily life,        sample population of 200 male and
                                                     uate inmates in terms of potential risk         officials say.                                 female inmates — representing
      ON US FOR . . .                                factors and symptoms associated with                The DOC’s standard health screen-          approximately 25 percent of the state’s
                                                     brain injury, officials say.                    ing evaluates inmates for serious brain        total prison population — at the
        High quality, tough-performance                  Brain injur y can severely disrupt          injury only, with inmates exhibiting the       Wyoming State Penitentiar y Complex
        items designed to stand up to                an individual’s ability to reason or dis-       mild to moderate symptomology associ-          in Rawlins and the Wyoming Women’s
        the masses.                                  tinguish right from wrong and to act            ated with less severe brain injuries           Center in Lusk.
        Energy Efficient, Water Efficient,             in a socially appropriate manner, with          potentially unrecognized, undiagnosed              In order to guard against false
        and “Green” products that                    damage to the frontotemporal lobe               and untreated as they enter or re-enter        responses from survey participants and
        provide cost savings while                   region in par ticular, disrupting deci-         the system, officials say.                     ensure the integrity of collected data,
        reducing their impact on the                 sion-making skills, judgment, self-                 The findings may help correctional         officials concealed the true nature of
        environment.                                 control,     social      behavior       and     staff to be more sensitive to the signs        the survey.
        MRO products categories
        include:                                                                                                               COs Benefit From Intervention Training
              Electrical Lighting                                                                                                 PORTLAND, Maine — Correctional officers benefited
               HVAC Hardware                                                                                                   from training in how to recognize and handle inmates with
                                                                                                                               mental health problems, according to a university study
               Security Hardware
                                                                                                                               released in January.
             Janitorial Plumbing                                                                                                  Correctional officers participating in the Crisis Intervention
                                                                                                                               Team training program were better able to recognize prob-
      Technical support and expertise                                                                                          lem behaviors caused by mental illness and were more confi-
                                                                                                                               dent in their ability to handle situations involving mentally ill
      available for product selection,
                                                                                                                               inmates, according to the study by the University of New Eng-
      repair, and installation on a
                                                                                                                               land’s Center for Health Policy, Planning and Research.
      variety of reliable products from
                                                                                                                                  Researchers found that the training program, conducted by
      over 2,300 suppliers, which                                                                                              the Maine chapter of the National Alliance on Mental Illness
      include leading manufactures:                                                                                            at eight county facilities during the last two years, helped cor-
                                                                                                                               rectional officers broaden their understanding of mental ill-
                                                                                                                               ness and substance abuse issues and problem behaviors.
                                                                                                                                  The NAMI training program is based on a nationally rec-
                                                                                                                               ognized crisis intervention program first used in law enforce-
                                                                                                                               ment settings to help prevent the unnecessary incarceration of
                                                                                                                               mentally ill individuals.
                                                                                                                                  NAMI provided correctional officers with training in how to
                                                                                                                               identify mental health problems and symptoms in inmates,
                                                                                                                               together with a series of intervention techniques designed to
                                                                                                                               defuse problem situations and help officers better handle
                                                                                                                               problem behaviors involving mentally ill inmates.
                                                                                                                                  Approximately 25 percent of state inmates throughout
         800-431-1872                                                                                                          Maine exhibit mental health issues, experts say. The Univer-
                                                                                                                               sity of New England study and evaluation provides evidence                                                                                                        that the Crisis Intervention Team training program can be an
                                                                                                                               effective inmate management tool for correctional settings,
                                                                                                                               officials say.
     Circle #136 on reader service card.                       Circle #150 on reader service card.

34    CORRECTIONAL N E W S — M A R C H / A P R I L 2 0 0 8                                                                                                    
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                                                              Circle #137 on reader service card.
Ohio Joins $120 Million                                                                       California Closes Two Juvenile Detention Facilities

Juvenile Justice Program                                                                        SACRAMENTO, Calif. — Califor-
                                                                                              nia juvenile corrections officials
                                                                                              announced the closure of two
                                                                                                                                       get population marks a more than
                                                                                                                                       80 percent decrease in the juvenile
                                                                                                                                       justice population, which reached
                                                                                              youth detention centers as part of       a high of approximately 10,000
    COLUMBUS, Ohio — Ohio’s juve-                    More than 50 percent of all mental       the state’s efforts to comply with a     youth offenders 13 years ago.
nile justice system will participate in a        health courts are located in Ohio and        court-ordered overhaul of the juve-        With fewer wards in the system, the
multistate project to improve mental             the grant will allow the state’s juvenile    nile justice system.                     JJD will be better placed to implement
health ser vices for youth offenders             justice system to build on the success-        The DeWitt Nelson Youth Correc-        the series of reforms — improved edu-
throughout the United States.                    ful ef for ts already in place, of ficials   tional Facility, which houses 259        cation, reduced violence, enhanced
    The Models for Change project is a           say.                                         offenders in Stockton, Calif., and       medical and mental health treatment
$120 million collaborative effort to                 Ohio will receive $100,000 in funding    the 147-bed El Paso de Robles            — mandated by the Alameda Supe-
reform juvenile justice at the state level       from the MacArthur Foundation during         Youth Correctional Facility in Paso      rior Court in 2004, officials say.
in areas, such as mental health services,        the first-year assessment phase of the       Robles, Calif., are scheduled to           In 2007, the state stopped
minority over-representation, rehabilita-        three-year grant project. Funding for the    close in July, officials say.            accepting lower-risk offenders from
tion and recidivism.                             remaining two years will be based on the       The closures continue the state’s      county jurisdictions and began
    Ohio joins 11 other states in the Mod-       cost of implementing strategies and pro-     strategic initiative to restrict the     paying counties almost $120,000
els for Change project, which is funded          grams developed during the first year,       youth prison population to only the      per juvenile to handle offenders
by the Chicago-based John D. and                 officials say.                               most serious offenders, with less        within the county justice system.
Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation.                   Ohio will implement the grant            serious offenders housed at smaller        Approximately 800 juvenile cor-
    Focusing on the area of mental               through the collaboration of several         community-based facilities.              rections staff are affected by the
health in the juvenile justice system,           state and local agencies, including the        The Juvenile Justice Division aims     closures. All will be offered the
Ohio and three other states will work to         Ohio Supreme Court, Summit County            to reduce the state’s juvenile prison    opportunity to transfer to another
develop and implement new strategies             Juvenile Court, the Department of            population to about 1,700 offend-        facility in the juvenile or adult cor-
to identify, assess and treat youth              Youth Services, the Department of Men-       ers by 2009, officials say. The tar-     rections systems, officials say.
offenders with serious mental health             tal Health, and the Department of Drug
problems, officials say.                         and Alcohol Services, officials say.

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                        Circle #138 on reader service card.                                                           Circle #139 on reader service card.
36   CORRECTIONAL N E W S — M A R C H / A P R I L 2 0 0 8                                                                                     
                                                                                                                              JUVENILE FACILITY NEWS
Facility Closures Mark New Direction                                                                                                 bilitative philosophy and intent of DJJ
                                                                                                                                     programming, officials say.
                                                                                                                                         Under the legislature’s 2007 direc-

for Florida Juvenile Corrections                                                                                                     tive, the Polk County Juvenile Facility,
                                                                                                                                     which is located adjacent to the Polk
                                                                                                                                     Correctional Institution — a 1,035-bed
                                                                                                                                     state prison — will be handed over to
    POLK CITY, Fla. — Department of            support network enhancing the out-         adult-prison model to house juveniles      the Depar tment of Corrections. The
Juvenile Justice officials closed one of       comes of the therapy and substance         convicted and sentenced in the adult       juvenile facility will begin housing
Florida’s largest juvenile correctional        abuse treatment offenders receive dur-     criminal justice system, both the Polk     adult inmates once a security audit of
facilities as part of a move to rehabilitate   ing their incarceration, officials say.    and Sago Palm facilities, which feature    the detention center is complete, offi-
youth offenders closer to home.                    Originally designed along a modified   cell-block housing, clash with the reha-   cials say.
    The 224-bed Polk County Juvenile
Correctional Facility in Polk City, Fla.,
becomes the first of the state’s large,
high-risk juvenile correctional facilities
to close under a legislative plan to move
the juvenile justice system toward com-
munity-based correctional programs,
officials say.

    Placing offenders closer to
        their communities is
  designed to encourage greater
      involvement of families

    In 2007, state legislators directed the
Florida Department of Juvenile Justice
to close the Polk County facility and to
prioritize the transfer of juveniles from
large centralized facilities that house
more than 165 offenders.
    The DJJ operates three additional
facilities with capacities of more than
165 beds — Arthur G. Dozier School for
Boys in Jackson County (192 beds),
Avon Park Youth Academy in Highlands
County (200 beds), and Sago Palm Acad-
emy in Palm Beach County (264 beds).
The Sago Palm Academy is slated for
closure in July, officials say.
    The move toward small, decentral-
ized facilities is intended to optimize
rehabilitation and treatment efforts by
providing offenders with more special-
ized programming in a community set-
ting, officials say.
    Placing offenders closer to their
communities is designed to encourage
greater involvement of families, with the

  NYC Juvenile Justice
  Costs Rise 25 percent
     NEW YORK — Juvenile justice
  system spending in New York City
  jumped almost 25 percent during
  the last five years to more than
  $250 million, according to a
  report by the city’s independent
  budget office.
     Rising detention costs are the pri-
  mary factor driving the juvenile jus-
  tice spending increases of the last
  five years, according to the report.
  Youth detention accounting for 75
  percent of total juvenile justice sys-
  tem expenditures, which reached
  an estimated $251 million.
     The independent budget office
  report predicts the city will spend
  approximately $84 million on
  detention costs during 2008, com-
  pared to $59 million in 2003.
                                                                                            Circle #140 on reader service card.                                                                                                CORRECTIONAL NEWS — MARCH/APRIL 2008              37
Kansas and Nevada Inmate Phone Rates to Decrease
    TOPEKA, Kan. — Embarq Payphone Services Inc.                “It is important for inmates to be able to maintain        In addition, the contract specifies a 41 percent commis-
will provide telephone ser vices for inmate calling at      contact with their families and friends,” says Secretary       sion for the DOC after the guaranteed minimum annual
Kansas state correctional facilities, after finalizing a    of Corrections Roger Werholtz.                                 commission is realized.
three-year contract with the Department of Correc-              The DOC recognizes the cost of telephone calls                 In other news, Embarq announced a preliminar y
tions here.                                                 from correctional facilities can create financial hard-        three-year agreement to provide telephone services for
    The contract, which contains an option to renew for     ship for inmates and their families.                           approximately 13,000 inmates housed by the Nevada
two more years, provides for different rates for collect,       “I am pleased that the new contract will help reduce       Department of Corrections.
prepaid and inmate-prepaid calling that will yield over-    those costs,” Werholtz says.                                        The $7.2 million deal will deliver significant cost
all cost reductions of approximately 40 percent, offi-          Depending on the call type — local, interstate, inter-     savings to inmates by lowering calling charges, offi-
cials say.                                                  national, collect or prepaid — inmates will pay calling        cials say. Inmates will pay $1.45 for a 16-minute local
                                                              rates of up to 41 cents per minute with surcharges           call, compared to the $1.89 charged by previous
                                                              between $1.28 and $2.61 per call.                            provider, MCI.
                                                                   Under the agreement, Embarq will provide                    A 16-minute intrastate call will cost $2.73, down
                                                              inmate-call monitoring and recording capabilities,           from $4.48, while the cost of a 16-minute long-distance
                                                              with system costs and security functions funded              call will drop from more than $18 to about $16, offi-
                                                              entirely through call charges.                               cials say.
                                                                   “These are complex installations with continually           The deal will also generate additional revenue for
                                                              improving technology,” says Paul Cooper, general             the state through a guaranteed commission for the
                                                              manager at Embarq. “You can’t just win the contract          DOC, officials say.
 “THANK YOU FROM A                                            and walk away.”                                                  Headquartered in Overland Park, Kan., with a
                                                                   The contract guarantees a minimum annual com-           workforce of about 18,000 employees, Embarq oper-
PATIENT IS ENOUGH.”                                           mission of more than $1 million to the DOC, which            ates in 18 states and provides inmate telephone ser-
                                                              will be used to supplement departmental investment           vices for state facilities in Michigan, South Carolina
                                                              in offender programming and services, officials say.         and Wisconsin.

                                          SHAWN, R.N.

                                                                    Adolfson & Peterson’s Faribault correctional facility project in Minnesota is recognized
     Shawn supervises care for                                      with OSHA’s MNSHARP Construction status award for worksite health and safety.

     2,100 jail inmates, and says
                                                                  Minnesota Prison Worksite Wins OSHA Plaudits for Safety
       her reward is a job well
       done. She’s the kind of                                      ST. PAUL, Minn. — State officials recognized             and implement comprehensive safety and
                                                                  Minneapolis-based construction firm Adolfson &             health programs that extend beyond basic
       professional you find at                                   Peterson’s for its implementation of comprehen-
                                                                  sive safety and health programs at the 1,221-
                                                                                                                             OSHA standards and result in immediate and
                                                                                                                             long-term prevention of job-related injuries and
      Prison Health Services, a                                   bed Minnesota Correctional Facility-Faribault.
                                                                    The renovation and construction project increased
                                                                                                                                Working in conjunction with MNOSHA’s
        leader in correctional                                    capacity at MCF-Faribault, which houses both mini-         workplace safety consultant, the company fine-
                                                                  mum- and medium-security inmates, to 1,941 beds.           tuned existing programs with the involvement
              healthcare.                                           Adolfson & Peterson’s Faribault worksite                 of management and employees, allocating
                                                                  becomes only the second construction project in            resources to address safety issues, developing
                                                                  the state to be endorsed under the Department of           systems that identify and control workplace
               Prison Health Services, Inc.
                                                                  Labor and Industry’s new Minnesota Safety and              hazards, and enhancing employee safety edu-
              105 Westpark Drive, Suite 200
                                                                  Health Achievement Recognition Program, offi-              cation and training.
              Brentwood, Tennessee 37027
                                                                  cials say.                                                    Only construction projects of at least 18 months
                                                                    MNSHARP Construction status recognizes the               duration are eligible for the MNSHARP Construc-
                                                                  efforts of construction companies to develop               tion endorsement.
              Circle #141 on reader service card.
38   CORRECTIONAL N E W S — M A R C H / A P R I L 2 0 0 8                                                                                            
BI2 Supplies Biometrics                                                                    RemoteMDx Now Controls Court Programs Inc.

to Virginia Sheriff’s Office                                                                GULFPORT, Miss. — Utah-based
                                                                                          RemoteMDx acquired a 51 percent
                                                                                          controlling interest in criminal justice
                                                                                                                                     RemoteMDx’s presence in the south-
                                                                                                                                     eastern region, officials say.
                                                                                                                                        With the recent acquisition of Min-
     NORFOLK, Va. — The Norfolk Sher-           inmates. In 2006, one inmate posed as     services firm Court Programs Inc.          nesota-based Midwest Monitoring &
iff’s Department awarded a contract to          another and escaped — the inmate was        The deal for Court Programs Inc.,        Surveillance Inc., the deal furthers
Biometric Intelligence & Identification         captured soon after, officials say.       which administers alternative sentenc-     RemoteMDx’s strategic purchase plan to
Technologies to provide an iris-scan                The Sheriff’s Department allocated    ing and related offender monitoring        create a nationwide network that utilizes
identification system that will be used to      approximately $30,000 toward the pur-     services in more than 34 counties in       the company’s TrackerPAL offender-mon-
authenticate inmate identities.                 chase and implementation of I.R.I.S.,     Mississippi and Florida, solidifies        itoring system, officials say.
     Massachusetts-based BI2’s Inmate           officials say.
Recognition and Identification System
will help Norfolk Sheriff’s Department,
which handles about 30,000 inmates
annually, ensure accuracy and efficiency
in the processing and tracking of
inmates from intake through release,
officials say.
     Iris recognition technology posi-
tively determines the identity of an indi-
vidual by capturing a high-resolution
digital image of the iris, which, unlike
physical features, does not change with
age, experts say.
     Biometric software creates and
stores a map of the iris’ minute ridges
and valleys for future comparison. An
inmate’s identity can be verified within
seconds using an iris-scanning device.
     The technology can differentiate an
individuals’ left eye from their right and
distinguish between identical twins,
experts say.
     Prior to the implementation of I.R.I.S.,
Norfolk deputies relied on photographs
and questioning to verify the identity of

  Sheriff Introduces VINE
  Notification System
    LITTLETON, Colo. — The
  County Sheriffs of Colorado
  introduced the Victim Information
  and Everyday Notification ser-
  vice, which will be funded by a
  two-year, $430,000 grant from
  Bureau of Justice Administration.
    In a move that will allow crime
  victims and concerned citizens
  to track the custody status of
  offenders online or via tele-
  phone, the County Sheriffs of
  Colorado contracted with infor-
  mation technology firm Appriss
  to provide the VINE service
  throughout the state.
    Individuals can also register
  with the free service to be noti-
  fied by e-mail, telephone, pager
  or TTD/TTY device when an
  offender is released, transferred
                                                                                                                              Auger Monster              ®

                                                                                                                              Wastewater Fine Screen
  or escapes.
    The Bureau of Justice Adminis-
                                                                                                                            The Auger Monster combines everything
  tration is tasked with bringing
                                                                                                                            you need for on-site wastewater screening
  state jurisdictions into a national                                                                                       in one compact and affordable system.
  victim notification network                                                                                               It grinds, screens, washes, conveys and
  through the Statewide Auto-                                                                                               will even bag the trash for you.
  mated Victim Information and
  Notification grant program,
  which has operated since 2005.
    Headquartered in Louisville,
  Ky., Appriss provides statewide
  victim notification technology
  and services in 32 states, offi-                        Removes and cleans trash.      Optional bagger attachment. • (800) 331-2277
  cials say.
                                                                                           Circle #142 on reader service card.                                                                                               CORRECTIONAL NEWS — MARCH/APRIL 2008                      39
Jailhouse Stripes Back in Fashion                                                                                                              security in the transportation of inmates
                                                                                                                                               between the jail and courthouse, offi-
                                                                                                                                               cials say. The color-coding classification
                                                                                                                                               allows officers to identify, monitor and
    SAN JOSE, Calif. — Santa Clara                 systems in the United States.                    Rather than black and white, Merced        maintain any necessar y separation
County inmates stepped back to the                     The false alarms are a drain on valu-    officials implemented a system of blues,       among segregated inmates.
future as corrections officials replaced           able and limited resources, officials say.   grays, yellows, reds and luminescent               Officials began using different col-
the standard-issue orange jumpsuits and                Unlike more modern jailhouse garb,       greens, which allows correctional offi-        ored jail uniforms in 2003 in order to
blue jeans with striped uniforms.                  the distinctive striped uniforms are read-   cers to rapidly identify inmate classifica-    separate rival gang members, but have
    In a throwback to a bygone era of jail-        ily identifiable and unmistakable, offi-     tions, assess situations and act               expanded color-coded clothing to clas-
house fashion, about 1,200 minimum-                cials say. At a cost of less than $10 per    appropriately.                                 sify the entire jail population.
security inmates at the Elmwood                    uniform, the black-and-whites are less           Inmate classification, which dictates          Rival Latino gang members from
Correctional Complex in Milpitas, Calif.,          expensive than blue denims.                  what uniform they will wear and where          northern and southern California are
began wearing the new black-and-white                  Santa Clara officials are not alone in   they will be housed within the jail, is        kept segregated and are differentiated
striped uniforms.                                  abandoning the blue jeans and mono-          determined during an intake interview          by green-and-white striped and orange-
    The change was instituted to reduce            chromatic jumpsuits. In recent years         when the inmate arrives. Inmate behav-         and-white striped jumpsuits.
confusion among the public and the                 several counties, including Stanislaus,      ior and classification is then monitored           Inmates who have recanted their
number of false reports of jumpsuit-clad           San Benito and Monterey, have opted to       during incarceration.                          gang affiliation wear solid orange jump-
escaped inmates at large in the commu-             return to black and white uniforms.              The color-coded system of inmate           suits, stamped with the letters VP to
nity, officials say.                                   Eighty miles west of San Jose, how-      classification is designed to enhance          highlight their victim potential status in
    Each report forces corrections offi-           ever, the Merced County Sheriff’s            both staff and inmate safety in an envi-       relation to active gang members.
cials to place the entire system in lock-          Department pursued a different strategy      ronment where large numbers of                     Other potential targets of inmate-on-
down mode, ceasing operations until a              in dressing inmates, choosing an intri-      inmates congregate. In the event of a          inmate retribution or violence include
head count is completed.                           cate color-coded system of clothing. The     critical situation or incident, officers can   sexual offenders and inmates who are at
    With a capacity of more than 4,600             color-coding reflects inmates’ classifica-   quickly identify and separate inmates,         risk in the general population due to
beds at four facilities, Santa Clara oper-         tions, which are based on criteria, such     such as gang rivals, and troublemakers         mental illness or physical frailty. They
ates the fifth-largest jail system in Cali-        as offenses committed, gang affiliation,     or potential victims.                          are housed in a protective-custody unit
fornia and is among the 20 largest jail            or jail job.                                     The system also enhances safety and        and designated with gray jumpsuits.

     Ohio Agencies Turn to Color Shackles to Avoid Confusion                                    Texas Correctional Officers Get Fashion Makeover
                                                                                                    AUSTIN, Texas — Correctional offi-         ton grown on prison farms, will be phased
       HAMILTON, Ohio — In Butler                  up and several local law enforcement
                                                                                                cers began sporting a new look in 2008         in during the next two years, officials say.
     County, officials took color-coding to        agencies began using colored hand-
                                                                                                as the Department of Corrections intro-            Designed to be lighter and more
     another level as they augmented color-        cuffs and leg irons in order to keep
                                                                                                duced an updated uniform designed to           durable than the existing gray button-
     coded inmate uniforms with colored            better track of restraints used to trans-
                                                                                                provide more comfort and flexibility.          down, the new polo-style shirt is designed
     inmate transportation restraints.             port inmates between jail and court.
                                                                                                    In addition to the existing long-          to offer officers more comfort on the job.
       Local police and sheriff’s departments        Butler County Sheriff’s Department
                                                                                                sleeved gray shirt, variations of which        The new shirt also provides officers with
     found that officers were losing the virtu-    now shackles its inmates in yellow
                                                                                                have been in use since the 1960s, the          more flexibility in accommodating stab-
     ally indistinguishable standard stainless     restraints, while the police department
                                                                                                DOC’s approximately 25,000 correc-             resistant protective vests, which are worn
     restraints as hundreds of inmates from        in the county seat of Hamilton uses
                                                                                                tional officers now have the option of a       underneath the uniform, officials say.
     different jurisdictions were shackled and     orange handcuffs. The distinctive col-
                                                                                                more casual short-sleeved navy blue                Seniority slashes — representing an
     unshackled daily for court appearances.       ors ensure that inmate restraints are
                                                                                                shirt. Officers can also choose from two       officer’s years of ser vice — that were
       With standard restraints costing up         returned to the correct law enforce-
                                                                                                new styles of gray pants.                      incorporated onto shirt sleeves by the
     to $30 each, the losses started to add        ment agency, officials say.
                                                                                                    The new uniform, which is manufac-         department 10 years ago, during the
                                                                                                tured in the state prison system using cot-    previous uniform update, are not fea-
                                                                                                                                               tured in the new uniform.

                                                                                                                                                 Alabama Firm Wins
                                                                                                                                                 $30 Million Health Contract
                                                                                                                                                   CINCINNATI — Officials in
                                                                                                                                                 Hamilton County awarded a $30
                                                                                                                                                 million service contract to
                                                                                                                                                 Alabama-based prison healthcare
                                                                                                                                                 provider NaphCare Inc.
                                                                                                                                                   Under the terms of the deal, the
                                                                                                                                                 Birmingham-based company will
                                                                                                                                                 provide medical, mental health and
                                                                                                                                                 dental services for the county’s cor-
                                                                                                                                                 rections system, which houses nearly
                                                                                                                                                 2,200 inmates. With an initial
                                                                                                                                                 period of two years, the contract
                                                                                                                                                 provides an option for three
                                                                                                                                                 renewal periods, officials say.
                                                                                                                                                   NaphCare, which entered the
                                                                                                                                                 correctional healthcare services
                                                                                                                                                 market in 1995 through an on-site
                                                                                                                                                 dialysis provision contract with the
                                                                                                                                                 Alabama Department of Correc-
                                                                                                                                                 tions, maintains operations in 19
                                                                                                                                                 states and employs more than 500
                                                                                                                                                 healthcare professionals.
                                                                                                                                                   The company also has multiple
                                                                                                                                                 contracts to provide network and
                                                                                                                                                 third-party administration services
                                                                                                                                                 to the Federal Bureau of Prisons,
                                                                                                                                                 officials say.

                                                    Circle #143 on reader service card.
40     CORRECTIONAL N E W S — M A R C H / A P R I L 2 0 0 8
                                                                                                                                              BUILDING BRIEFS
NORTHEAST                                   buy 98 acres of land to expand the                                                       overcrowded conditions at the county’s
  • Officials in Washington County          county jail in Wilmington. The existing                                                  85-bed jail. Bordeaux Construction is
continue to push for an expansion of        $51 million jail has been open almost                                                    the contractor for the new jail, which
the county jail in Hagerstown, Md.,         three years and is already near capac-                                                   was designed by Moseley Architects.
due to serious overcrowding. Sheriff        ity. The 684-bed facility averages about                                                   • Targeted for completion in 2009,
Douglas Mullendore proposed a plan          500 inmates a week, but beds are                                                         construction work on the $223 million
to use the county’s former Phoenix          reserved for women and other special                                                     Indian Ridge federal prison, in McDow-
Color building and convert it into a        prisoners, creating crowded conditions.                                                  ell County, W.Va., is ahead of schedule.
jail that would add 254 more beds.             • Construction on the Harnett County                                                  The nearly 1,300-bed federal prison
The proposed $39 million project            Jail in Lillington, N.C., is on schedule,                                                project will combine a 1,150-bed
would eliminate the need for inmates        with officials hoping to complete the       bed jail and sheriff’s office. The project   medium-security facility, and an approxi-
to sleep in bunk beds in common             project in March 2009. The 108,000-         is expected to cost approximately            mately 130-bed work camp located
areas and improve safety at the cur-        square-foot facility will feature a 350-    $21.4 million, and is expected to ease       adjacent to the primary facility.
rent facility.
  • Plans to expand
the Ocean County
Jail in Toms
River, N.J.,
are mov-

ing ahead after funds were appropri-
ated to purchase and install
prefabricated inmate housing units.
With more than 157,000 square feet
of renovations and additions planned,
county officials hope to ease over-
crowding and improve staff and inmate
safety. The average population at the
jail typically exceeds 500 inmates. It
was designed to hold 280 inmates. The
proposed expansion would increase
capacity to 680 beds and would
include a two-story addition and con-
struction of new space at the rear of the
existing justice complex. Fletcher
Thompson Architecture Engineering LLC
of East Brunswick, N.J., was awarded
the contract to proceed with the design
and permit approval phase of the pro-
ject, which is expected to take one year
to complete. Construction is expected to
take about 45 months.
  • Officials in Rockingham County
have agreed to start planning an
expansion of the county jail in Har-
risonburg, Va., that is expected to cost
about $47 million. The expansion will
increase inmate beds from 348 to 421
to accommodate increasing regional
populations. The existing three-story,
100,000-square-foot facility opened in
1994 and is connected to the county’s
judicial complex. Officials hope to
have the expansion completed in the
next five to six years.
  • The Kenton County Fiscal Court
unanimously voted to build a new
detention center on a site in South
Covington, Ky., rather than an unincor-
porated part of Independence, Ky. The
$40 million jail will house more than
500 beds. The site was attractive
because of its central location and the
landowner’s willingness to sell the
property, officials say. Negotiations
are expected to be finalized after an
analysis of the site’s topography and
other environmental issues.
  • New Hanover County, N.C., officials
voted to spend more than $5 million to
                                                                                          Circle #144 on reader service card.                                                                                                CORRECTIONAL NEWS — MARCH/APRIL 2008               41
MIDWEST                                                               Phase II would include three more housing pods that                                                            third floor of the Buchanan County Courthouse in Inde-
  • Howard County officials are considering an                      would add 312 beds and cost approximately $12                                                                    pendence. The existing jail has been cited for prob-
expansion of the criminal justice center in Kokomo,                 million, a new medical wing with intake area, expan-                                                             lems related to fire, electrical and plumbing systems as
Ind., that could cost the county $13 million to $35                 sion of the kitchen and mechanical areas, and a crim-                                                            well as asbestos and failure to meet disability require-
million. Phase I would include the construction of a                inal courts building. Indianapolis-based American                                                                ments. Construction is expected to begin in April and
two-story, $2 million work-release building that                    Structurepoint presented a contingency plan for the                                                              last approximately 18 months. The new facility will be
would include office space and could house up to                    expansion and upgrades. The county is waiting for                                                                located just south of the courthouse and is being
80 inmates. It would also include a $3.7 million                    the Indiana General Assembly to review the plans                                                                 funded by a voter-approved $4.5 million bond. It will
104-bed housing unit, a $2.5 million housing unit                   before a final decision is made.                                                                                 feature a podular design and a geothermal heating
for jail trustees, $1.5 million in renovations to exist-              • Invision Architecture of Sioux City, Iowa, is design-                                                        and cooling system, which is expected to increase sav-
ing pods, and a $300,000 storage building for evi-                  ing the 40-bed jail in Buchanan County, Iowa, that will                                                          ings and energy efficiency.
dence and equipment.                                                replace the existing 66-year-old jail located on the

                                                                                     WA N TED

                                                                                                                                                                                                   • Construction is under way on the
                                                                                                                                                                                                 $6.25 million Renville Jail and Govern-
                                                                                                                                                                                                 ment Services Center in Olivia, Minn.,
                                                                                                                      PLASTOCON’S                                                                which includes a new 72-bed jail and ren-
                                                                                                        SUPERMAX                                                                                 ovation of the existing county government
                                                                                                                                                                                                 center. Klein McCarthy Architects, of St.
                                                                              Aliases: Max Temptamer, Max Thermokeeper, Max Integrater, Max E. Mizes Space                                       Louis Park, Minn., supplied design ser-
                                                                              Description:                                                                                                       vices for the 26,000-square-foot addition,
                                                                                     Accommodates milk carton, juice and flatware for a complete meal on one tray                                which will accommodate the sheriff’s
                                                                                     Each tray serves as the cover for the tray below creating a stack of complete meals                         office, city police and county attorney.
                                                                                     No seams/no holes/no chance of water ingestion                                                              Contegrity Group Inc. of Little Falls, Minn.,
                                                                                     Maximum strength with no unfriendly foam fillers                                                            is the construction manager. The jail is
                                                                                     Overall dimensions: L 15.06”, W 13.56”, H 2.86”                                                             slated for completion in August 2008.
                                                                                                       R E WA RD                                                                                   • Construction will soon be underway
                                                                                                                                                                                                 on the $127 million federal courthouse in
                                                                                          Complete meals delivered at proper temperatures                                                        downtown Jackson, Miss. The 392,000-
                                                                            For information concerning this tray, please contact your Plastocon representative immediately at:                   square-foot courthouse will include 12
                                                                                                                                                                                                 courtrooms, 15 judges’ chambers and
                                                                                                         1-800-966-0103                                                                          three court of appeals’ chambers. The
                                                                           6160 St. Andrews Road, Suite 4                                                          design-build team includes Jackson-based
                                                                                 Columbia, SC 29212                                                    email:
                 Circle #145 on reader service card.                                        Circle #149 on reader service card.

     Security & Storage                                                                                      Responsible
     Garment Bags                                                                                            Justice facility design that’s solid and sustainable

     Bags are manufactured of
     durable army ducks and
     ballistic tested nylons.
     Standard features are
     brass locking zippers,
     • FULLY VENTILATED                                                                                                                                                                         W.G. Yates and Sons Construction Co.
     • Rustproof hangers                                                                                                                                                                        and Jacobs Engineering Group Inc., of
     • Clear ID window pockets.                                                                                                                                                                 Pasadena, Calif. Construction work is
                                                                                                                                                                                                scheduled for completion August 2010.
     • Security seals and
       padlocks available.                                                                                                                                                                      SOUTH CENTRAL
     Stenciling and                                                                                                                                                                               • Hays County plans to expand its cur-
     sequential numbering                                                                                                                                                                       rent jail in San Marcos, Texas, to accommo-
     are a standard option.                                                                                                                                                                     date the area’s growing inmate population.
                                                                                                                                                                                                County commissioners have decided to
     Custom orders and                                                                                                                                                                          invest approximately $30 million into the
     specifications are our specialty.                                                                                                                                                          18-year-old facility rather than build a new
                                                                                                             North Close Custody Facility Expansion, Washington State Penitentiary
                                                                                                                                                                                                one. The cost would also cover a new
     Brochures and samples                                                                                                                                                                      kitchen and laundry as well as office
                                           3611 14th Avenue                                                  Walla Walla, Washington
     available upon request.
                                           Brooklyn, NY 11218                                                                                                           space. The project is expected to be com-

                                           (718) 871-6106                                                                                                                                       pleted in two to three years. The county
                                           Toll Free 800-964-9973                                                                                                                               sends about 30 inmates a day to other
                                           Fax (718) 871-3616                                                                                                                                   facilities at a cost of $50 per inmate per
     For the leading edge in packaging
                                           Website:                                                                                                                                day, which costs about $500,000 each
                                                                                                                                                                                                year. Once the expansion is completed,
                                                                                                                                                                                                county officials hope to use their additional
                  Circle #146 on reader service card.                                        Circle #147 on reader service card.
42    CORRECTIONAL N E W S — M A R C H / A P R I L 2 0 0 8                                                                                                                                                  
                                                                                                                                                   BUILDING BRIEFS
beds to house inmates from other coun-         include eight courtrooms. White Construc-    cials plan to spend $19.4 million on           to discuss ideas
ties. Officials plan to send out proposals     tion Co., of Austin, Texas, is expected to   expanding the existing facility, which         and proceed with
for an architectural firm to design the        complete the five-story project by January   needs more beds, as well as electrical,        a conceptual
expansion in the next month.                   2010.                                        plumbing and other upgrades, rather            drawing/layout
   • The site of the Fort Bend County jail      • PACIFIC                                   than $37.5 million for a new jail. Aside       and to prepare
expansion in Richmond, Texas, has                The Lyon County Board of Commis-           from saving more than $18 million,             construction docu-
been relocated due to protests from resi-      sioners voted to expand and remodel          other factors that influenced the decision     ments. The design
dents. The new jail building, to be            the existing county jail in Yerington,       included proximity to a hospital, ability      phase is expected to
funded by an $80 million bond proposi-         Nev. In addition to using $3.5 million       of the jail to shop locally, and the ability   take five to six
tion, will be located east of the existing     from the county’s reserve fund, the          of jail staff to rely on Yerington police      months and construc-
seven-story, 680-bed facility, and will        county plans to enact a 0.25 percent         for additional support, if needed.             tion is expected to
cost the county an additional $3 million       sales tax to help fund the project. Offi-    County officials plan to hire a consultant     take up to 18 months.
in construction costs. The project will

include a 246,000-square-foot, 984-
bed addition and a 3,200-square-foot
renovation to the existing facility. Archi-
tectural firm Rosser International will cre-
ate new access roads and relocate
utilities near the new facility. Turner Con-
struction was awarded a $62 million
contract to provide preconstruction and
construction management services for
the project, and private consultant
Carter Goble Lee designed the new
seven-story jail tower. The project is
slated for completion in March 2009.
  • Howard County commissioners are
finalizing details for a bond issue to
fund the construction of the new 96-jail
in Big Spring, Texas. The county hired
the Port Arthur-based consulting firm
Carl Griffith and Associates to draft a
plan that would lower construction
prices and operational costs. The county
is considering the purchase of prefabri-
cated jail cells to help reduce costs.
   • Construction on the Blaine County
Public Safety Facility, located in a light-
industrial park in southern Hailey,
Idaho, is expected to be completed in
mid-July. Kreisenbeck Constructors, the
construction management team,
recently completed installation of inte-
rior drywall and will move on to inte-
rior paints and casework. The
36,000-square-foot facility will be
located on a 3.23-acre site and will
include a new detention facility, sher-
iff’s office and a consolidated dispatch
center. Voters approved a $10.5 mil-
lion bond to help fund the new facility,
which will include 44 beds for general
inmates and 20 beds for inmates in the
   • Construction
work on the new
$81 million fed-
eral courthouse
in Las Cruces,
N.M., is running
ahead of schedule,
officials say.
Designed by Carter
and Burgess Inc., of
Forth Worth, Texas,
the 237,000-square-
foot building will
                                                                                               Circle #148 on reader service card.                                                                                                     CORRECTIONAL NEWS — MARCH/APRIL 2008   43
Circle #159 on reader service card.
                                               Stripe, Barcode, Wiegand, Barium Fer-
        PRODUCT OF                             rite, Keypad and Smart Readers. In addi-
                                               tion to memory and power expansion, the
        THE MONTH                              system accepts up to three input/output
                                               expansion boards.
                                                   Contact Continental Access
  SECURITY FENCE SYSTEM                                 Reader Service # 203
    The Guardian Fence System by
  Payne is an interlocking modular             SECURITY TOWERS
  security perimeter and segregation              Chase Security Systems Inc. offers a
  fence system composed of rigid               line of custom-designed steel towers for
  metal mesh materials. The design             security and access electronics. They
  provides trenchless integration of           are designed to house and protect

  tamper-detection, communications
  and security-lighting systems. Fiber
  optic and cabling components are
  shielded from weathering and van-
  dalism with the system’s steel rails.
  The system can incorporate restric-
  tive components, such as barbed-
  tape concertina and cable-based
  anti-crash elements.
     Contact Payne Fence Products
          Reader Service # 200

   Arch Aluminum & Glass Co. Inc.’s Resis-
tor Security BR 3100 III is a glazing system
designed to resist penetration from bullets.
When tested by manufacturers, it resisted
three shots of .44 Magnum ammunition
weighing 15.6 grams and traveling at a
speed of 411 meters per second.
   The system features an insulating glass
unit and accompanying frame.
   Contact Arch Aluminum & Glass Co. Inc.
          Reader Service # 201

    Sloan Valve Company introduces a
series of high-effi-
ciency vitreous china
urinals that utilize
one pint of water to
flush, which con-
tribute to LEED cred-
its 3.1 and 3.2 for
water reduction.
    Customers can
choose from either a
manual flushometer
or from several bat-
ter y-powered and
hardwired sensor-
operated models for
automatic, hands-
free flushing.
    Contact Sloan Valve Company
          Reader Service # 202

   Turbo Superterm-8 from Continental
Access is an expandable controller that
operates as a standalone unit when
server communications are interrupted. It
features EPROM firmware for upgrades
and system enhancements, and multi-
stage lighting/transient protection for
harsh environments. Up to 63 controllers
can be intermixed on the same communi-
cations network.
   The system accepts industry standard
Wiegand output devices and supports
nearly all card/reader technologies,
including Proximity, Biometric, Magnetic
                                                  Circle #151 on reader service card.                                                       CORRECTIONAL NEWS — MARCH/APRIL 2008   45
CCTV cameras, proximity readers, intercoms, wheel                  DRYWALL GRID-LOCKING SYSTEM
chair access push buttons and other control and elec-
tronic devices.                                                       SpanFast drywall grid system from Chicago Metallic
                                                                   Corporation is a positive locking system designed to speed
                                                                                                                                                            AD INDEX
   Towers are constructed of 14-gauge cold-roll or stain-
less steel and come in different styles, sizes and finishes.       up installation and reduce wire hangers in the construction
                                                                   of corridors, soffits and closets. It features wall tracks with                                                page #            circle #
Each tower is customized to accommodate the equipment
specified by the customer.                                         lock-in tabs that engage runners at the top and bottom.
   Contact Chase Security Systems Inc.
                         Reader Service # 204                                                                                        Allied Tube and Conduit
                                                                                                                                       Barbed Tape Division . . . . . . . . . . .11           . . . . . .113
PANIC DEVICE                                                                                                                         Anemostat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4     . . . . . .103
   Besam Entrance Solutions introduces a flush panic                                                                                 Basic Limited . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .42      . . . . . .146
device to its Unislide automatic sliding door product line.                                                                          Bird-X, Inc. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .46     . . . . . .152
The device is integrated into the door panel and encased
into a 4-inch strip of wood or metal separating and hold-                                                                            Blonder Tongue . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8        . . . . . .109
ing the panes of glass in the door.                                                                                                  Bob Barker Company . . . . . . . . . . . .10             . . . . . .112
   In the event of an emergency, the device operates in the                                                                          Bobcat Company . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5          . . . . . .105
same manner as other exit devices installed in the facility. It                                                                      Brennan Associates . . . . . . . . . . . . .46           . . . . . .153
comes equipped with a speed control unit that prevents the
doors from being rotated at a faster rate than allowed by                                                                            Carter Goble Lee . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .18         . . . . . .122
building codes.                                                                                                                      CM Security Group . . . . . . . . . . . . .35            . . . . . .137
                                                                      Wall tracks feature pre-indexed 8-inch optical carrier line
   Contact Besam Entrance Solutions                                modules that help eliminate most measuring and can                Cook’s Direct. Inc. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3       . . . . . .101
                         Reader Service # 205
                                                                   decrease the time required to install drywall in narrow areas.    Derby Industries . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .13       . . . . . .116
                                                                   Field-cut cross runners attach to main runners with a variable    Durrant Justice . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .15      . . . . . .119
                                                                   placement clip that allows for various ceiling configurations.
                                                                                                                                     Facility Group, The . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8       . . . . . .110
          MARKETPLACE                                              Runners are made of hot-dipped galvanized steel.
                                                                      Contact Chicago Metallic Corporation                           Ferguson Safety Products . . . . . . . . .20             . . . . . .124
                                                                                      Reader Service # 206                           Gallagher Security . . . . . . . . . . . . . .17         . . . . . .121
                                                                                                                                     GDI LLC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .47    . . . . . .157
          Get Rid                                                  SECURITY LOCKERS
                                                                      SmartLocker from Penco Products is a locker system
                                                                                                                                     Grice Engineering, Inc. . . . . . . . . . . .22          . . . . . .126

          of Birds!
                                                                                                                                     Harding Instruments . . . . . . . . . . . . .21          . . . . . .125
                                                                   that utilizes computerized identification technology to
                                                                   grant or restrict access to lockers. Lockers are networked        HDR Architecture Inc. . . . . . . . . . . . .42          . . . . . .147
                                                                   via computer to a central administrative office where             Heery International . . . . . . . . . . . . . .14        . . . . . .117
                                                                   usage can be monitored and controlled.                            Hope’s . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .45   . . . . . .151
                                                                                                                                     HSMM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .24     . . . . . .129
                                                                                                                                     ISI Detention Contracting . . . . . . . . .36            . . . . . .138
                                                                                                                                     J. A. Sexauer, Inc. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .34        . . . . . .136
                                                                                                                                     Jacobs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .41     . . . . . .144
                                                                                                                                     JWC Environmental . . . . . . . . . . . . .39            . . . . . .142
                                                      ULTRASON X                                                                     M/Bed Block System . . . . . . . . . . . . .36           . . . . . .139
          SILENT, OUTDOOR BIRD CONTROL                                                                                               M/Bed Block System . . . . . . . . . . . . .46           . . . . . .155
         • State of the Art Ultrasonic Sound                                                                                         Montgomery Technology . . . . . . . . . .33              . . . . . .135   G
         • Guaranteed to repels pigeons,                                                                                             Multimedia Telesys Inc. . . . . . . . . . . .12          . . . . . .115   y
           sparrows, starlings, gulls,                                                                                               Naphcare, Inc. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .40       . . . . . .143   e
           woodpeckers & more                                         Administration software allows users to control the para-      Norix Group Inc. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .37         . . . . . .140    )
                                                                   meters of and access to operating lockers, maintain locker        Norment Security Group, Inc. . . . . . . .9              . . . . . .111
                800-662-5021                                       location and user records, and reassign lockers. Lockers can      Oldcastle Precast . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .25        . . . . . .130
                                                                   be assigned to individuals on a permanent or temporary
                WWW.BIRD-X.COM/CRT                                 basis. An ID card can be integrated into the system, which        Oldcastle Security . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .48       . . . . . .158
         300 N. Elizabeth St. • Dept. CRT                          can also be used for building access and time keeping.            Oldcastle Precast . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .44        . . . . . .159
         Chicago, IL 60607 • 312-BAN-BIRD • Fax 312-226-2480          Contact Penco Products                                         Plastocon, Inc. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .42      . . . . . .149
          THE BIRD CONTROL “X-PERTS” SINCE 1964                                       Reader Service # 207
                                                                                                                                     Plumbmaster, Inc. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .32        . . . . . .134
                  l             d              d
              Circle #152 on reader service card.                                                                                    PortionPac Chemical Corp. . . . . . . . .24              . . . . . .128
                                                                                                                                     Prison Health Services . . . . . . . . . . . .38         . . . . . .141
           BUSINESS DEVELOPMENT ASSOCIATE                                                                                            Prosoco, Inc . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .14     . . . . . .118
             CRIMINAL JUSTICE CONSULTING                                                                                             Rotondo Weirich, Inc. . . . . . . . . . . .27            . . . . . .132
  The Brennan Group, a national and international leader                                                                             Rotondo Weirich, Inc. . . . . . . . . . . .23            . . . . . .127
   in criminal justice consulting, design, and construction,                                                                         Rotondo Weirich, Inc. . . . . . . . . . . .44            . . . . . .159
 seeks to add a Business Development Associate who will                                                                              Rotondo Weirich, Inc. . . . . . . . . . . .46            . . . . . .154
   be responsible for finding opportunities, selling profes-                                                                         Shure Manufacturing . . . . . . . . . . . .34            . . . . . .150
 sional services, and performing consulting services in the
                                                                                                                                     Sierra Detention Systems . . . . . . . . . . .7          . . . . . .108
    criminal justice arena (law enforcement, corrections,
      and/or detention facilities). This position requires                                           Smiths Detection-Barringer . . . . . . . . .2            . . . . . .100
 experience in the criminal justice field, the ability to travel                                                                     Sound Powered Communications . . . . .6                  . . . . . .107
    and work remotely while maintaining regular contact                                                                              Sprung Instant Structures . . . . . . . . . .26          . . . . . .131
  with principals of the firm, and the capacity to complete                Circle #154 on reader service card.                       Tanner Bolt & Nut Corp. . . . . . . . . . .16            . . . . . .120
            consulting assignments, serve clients,
                                                                                                                                     TimeKeeping Systems,
                    and observe deadlines.
                                                                   Maintenance Problems?                                               Incorporated . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .32

       The Brennan Group is an equal opportunity employer                                                                            Tindall Concrete Products . . . . . . . . .44            . . . . . .159
        and affords equal opportunity to all applicants and
     employees for all positions without regard to race, color,
                                                                   M/BED BLOCK SYSTEMS                                               Tindall Concrete Products . . . . . . . . .19            . . . . . .123
                                                                   Solves maintenance problems before they Start. No                 Trenwyth Industries Inc. . . . . . . . . . . .31         . . . . . .133
     religion, gender, national origin, age, disability, veteran
                                                                    more handrails, bunks or other metal accessories                 Trussbilt, LLC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .43     . . . . . .148
      status or any other status protected under local, state or
                            federal laws.                           coming loose when you had them attached to the:                  Vanir Construction
                                                                                                                                       Management, Inc. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6          . . . . . .106
                    Please send resumes to:
                        Brennan Group
                                                                     M/BED BLOCK SYSTEM                                              Vinyl Products . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .12       . . . . . .114
                                                                               Call us at: (314) 570-3008                            VUgate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3    . . . . . .102
                        PO Box 50007
                     Columbia, SC 29250                                                                   Wexford . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4     . . . . . .104
                                                                                                                                     Willoughby Industries, Inc. . . . . . . . .42            . . . . . .145
             Circle #153 on reader service card.                             Circle #155 on reader service card.
46     CORRECTIONAL N E W S — M A R C H / A P R I L 2 0 0 8                                                                                                          
                                               “ Everyday GDI removes a malfunctioning or in-operative outdoor
                                                 perimeter security system for a customer and replaces it with our AEGIS
                                                 p.c.™ outdoor security solution. More importantly, no GDI customer
                                                 has ever replaced their AEGIS p.c.™ system. The employees of GDI take
                                                 great pride in delivering world-class value to our customers.”
                                                                                       ROBERT A. GILMOUR,
                                                                                       Chairman and CEO,
                                                                                       GDI LLC

                             GDI                   has the solution.

             “Our old system gave us false alarms every 3-5 seconds, and allowed up to 70 false
              alarms a day! GDI’s perimeter solution has a false alarm rate of zero, and provides us
              with twice the protection.”
e                                                                   Carson “Junior” Lapaglia,
 )                                                                  Director of Facilities Maintenance,
                                                                    Texas Department of Criminal Justice

             “GDI was our one stop shop for perimeter security. From the initial design and
              engineering to final installation and service, I feel comfortable knowing that a single
              source feels confident to take full responsibility of my perimeter.”
                                                                    Richard Harbison
                                                                    Vice President,
                                                                    LCS Correctional Services

        deter                                  detect                    delay                        defend
     visit us at aca-2008 winter conference grapevine, TX
     booth 323 to learn more.                                tel [800] 440-7633
         Circle #157 on reader service card.
  Circle #158 on reader service card.

Circle #128 on reader service card.

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