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Anatomy Physiology

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					                                              Anatomy 30-Respiratory System

Objectives: Identify respiratory system structures on models

-Head model & Larynx model– label the structures of the upper respiratory tract
  A. Nose & nasopharynx contain the external nares (nostrils), nasal cavity (contains superior, medial, and inferior nasal
     conchae as well as nasal meatuses), internal nares, Eustachian tube, pharyngeal tonsils
  B. Mouth & oropharynx contain hard & soft palates, uvula, palatine tonsils
  C. Laryngopharyx & larynx (voice box) – contain the glottis, epiglottis (1), thyroid cartilage with laryngeal prominence
     (1), cricoid cartilage (2), arytenoid cartilage (2), corniculate cartilage (2), false vocal cords (vestibular folds), true
     vocal cords (vocal folds), thyroid gland (part of the endocrine system), hyoid bone (part of the skeletal system),
     trachea (windpipe) with C-rings of cartilage.

-Heart & lung model – label the following structures of the lower respiratory tract
  A. Bronchial tree – trachea, primary bronchi, secondary (lobar) bronchi, tertiary (segmental) bronchi, bronchioles
  B. Pulmonary blood vessels – pulmonary arteries (blue), pulmonary veins (red)
  C. Lungs
     1. Right lung – superior lobe, middle lobe, inferior lobe
     2. Left lung – superior lobe, inferior lobe, cardiac notch
  D. Diaphragm

HEAD MODEL
1 - Hard palate
2 - Soft palate
3 – Uvula
4 - Oral cavity
5 – Tongue
6 - Nasopharynx
7 – Oropharynx
8 - Laryngopharynx
9 – Esophagus
10 – Epiglottis




Salivary glands:
1 - Parotid gland
2 - Submandibular gland
3 - Sublingual gland
LARYNX

         1 – Epiglottis
         2 - Hyoid bone
         3 - Thyroid cartilage
         4 - Laryngeal prominence
         5 - Cricoid cartilage
         6 - C-ring of trachea




         1 – Epiglottis
         2 - Corniculate cartilage
         3 - Arytenoid cartilage
         4 - Cricoid cartilage
         5 - Trachealis muscle
LUNGS
1 - Thyroid cartilage of larynx
2 - Cricoid cartilage
3 - Thyroid gland
4 - C-rings of trachea
5 - R. primary bronchus
6 - L. primary bronchus
7 - Secondary bronchi
8 - Tertiary bronchi
9 - R. superior lung lobe
10 - R. middle lung lobe
11 - R. inferior lung lobe
12 – L superior lung lobe
13 – L inferior lung lobe
14 - Superior vena cava
15 - Brachiocephalic veins
16 - Internal jugular veins
17 - Subclavian veins
18 - Aorta
19 - Brachiocephalic artery
20 - L. Common carotid artery
21 – Esophagus
22 - Thoracic aorta
23 - Pulmonary arteries (blue)
24 - Pulmonary veins (red)
25 – Diaphragm

				
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posted:10/7/2011
language:English
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