Topographic Map Student Sheets

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					                                         Interpretation of Landforms

 Teacher Guide
       Overview Students learn basic topographic map landform reading
                         skills through an interactive Powerpoint slideshow.
                         Questions related to topographic map features are
                         presented and students must be able to read the maps
                         for answers. Interpretation of contours to determine
                         landscape profiles are also examined.
      Standards

    Oklahoma PASS             Grade 8 Standards:        P4.2
        Objectives            High School Physical Science Standards:
                                    P4.2, P4.8

   National Science           Science Content Standards:
Education Standards
                                    Content Standard D – Earth’s history



  Grade Level Middle School. Can be modified with additional
                         questions for higher levels.

 GIS Skill Level This is a non-GIS based activity.


     Other Skills Students should be familiar with general concepts of
                         topographic maps and symbols.

               Time Should be completed in one 45-minute class.

 Teacher Note This activity can be modified for features in other areas of
                         the country if alternative data sources are available.


Interpretation of Landforms                                             Teacher Guide 1
                                      Interpretation of Landforms

  Teacher Guide
    Materials
     This is not a GIS activity. Students will need computers loaded with
     Microsoft Office Powerpoint or a compatible program able to display
     the slideshow. If desired, hard copies of topographic maps can be
     substituted for the topographic profile portions.




    Sources
     Glendale Community College – www.gc.maricopa.edu/earthsci/imagearchive/
     • Stan Celestian – Online Course Documents; Powerpoint




    Lesson Preparation
     The activity is based on a Powerpoint-based lesson developed at
     Glendale (AZ) Community College. The original program was modified
     to 8th Grade concept and level. Students follow the slideshow on their
     own computers and answer questions on the attached sheets.
     Topographic profiles are created based on maps in the slideshow.
     Additional profiles can be made from locally available quad sheets.




Adapted by Steve O’Connell
geographilia@hotmail.com

 Interpretation of Landforms                                    Teacher Guide 2
                                  Interpretation of Landforms



A map is a fountain of information. It can tell you important things about
what is at a location and what it looks like. But to be able to know those
things, you must be able to interpret the symbols on the map itself. Once you
know what to look for on a map you will have a better sense of what a place
looks like in real life.

In this activity, you will learn how to examine a topographic map to reveal
information about the landscape. You will utilize an interactive presentation
in Powerpoint to answer questions related to maps from several parts of the
country. You will also learn how to create a visual profile of a landscape
using the information on a topographic map.
                              Landform Interpretation with Topographic Maps
    Brownsville, Texas

        1.    What type of feature is Fort Brown Resaca?



        2.    What cycle of stream evolution is the Rio Grande River
                displaying?



        3.    Why is this river a poor choice for a boundary?


                      ***Complete the profile for Promontory Butte,
                           Arizona, on the provided sheet.***

    Salt River Canyon, Arizona

        4.    What is the cycle of stream erosion of the Salt River in this area?



                      ***Complete the profile for Cumberland,
                  Pennsylvania/Maryland, on the provided sheet.***

    Mammoth Cave, Kentucky

        5.    Why aren’t the depressions full of water?



    Lake Wales, Florida

        6.    Which way does the groundwater flow in this area?



Interpretation of Landforms                                                         1
           A                                                                                                 B
        The contour interval of this map is 40 feet. Every index contour would then be 200 feet.
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       Draw the profile yourself before you advance to the answer. Remember that every time the black profile line
       crosses one of the index contour lines, draw a line down to the appropriate level on the scale below. Ready ?
       (*)
       Using every INDEX CONTOUR – 100 foot interval … (*)
         A                                                                                B
1100
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       Draw the profile on the sheet provided. The next slide goes through the process.
       READY ? (*)

				
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