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Cargo Theft

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					                 2009 Safety & Risk Conference




           Cargo Theft


              Mary Aftanas
            Charlie Worsham
National Insurance Crime Bureau (NICB)



         November 12-13, 2009




        CARGO THEFT




                                                 1
                   Mission and Vision

Mission
To lead a united effort of insurers, law enforcement
agencies and representatives of the public to
prevent and combat insurance fraud and crime
through Data Analytics, Investigations, Training,
Legislative Advocacy and Public Awareness.

Vision
To be the preeminent organization fighting
insurance fraud and crime.




                 Key Facts and Figures
                       • Supported by over 1,000 P/C
                         insurance companies, self-
                         insured organizations, rental car
                         companies, parking services
                         providers and transportation-
                         related firms
                       • In 2008, NICB member
                         companies wrote more than 82
                         percent of nation's P/C insurance
                       • 100-year history of established
                         cooperation with federal, state
                         and local law enforcement
                         agencies
                       • Non-profit organization




                                                             2
National Organization




                        3
                      NICB Disciplines




•    Data Analytics
•    Investigations
•    Training
•    Legislative Advocacy
•    Public Awareness




                       NICB Priorities




    • Medical Fraud
      – Including Worker’s Compensation Medical Providers

    • Commercial Fraud
      – Cargo Theft
      – Heavy Equipment Theft

    • Vehicle Crime




                                                            4
                                       Cargo Theft


        National and International Problem

• Estimated annual cost $15-30 billion in the United States

• Significant economic crime problem

• All good manufactured domestically and imported are
  transported, via truck or rail, within the continental
  United States.




                                       Cargo Theft

 Uniform Crime Reporting Definition:
 Cargo Theft is the criminal taking of any cargo including but not limited to
 goods, chattels, money, or baggage that constitutes, in whole or in part, a
 commercial shipment of freight moving in commerce, from any pipeline
 system, railroad car, motortruck, or other vehicle, or from any tank or
 storage facility, station house, platform, or depot, or from any vessel or
 wharf, or from any aircraft, air terminal, airport, aircraft terminal or air
 navigation facility, or from any intermodal container, intermodal chassis,
 trailer, container freight station, warehouse, freight distribution facility, or
 freight consolidation facility.


 For purposes of this definition, cargo shall be deemed as moving in
 commerce at all points between the point of origin and the final destination,
 regardless of any temporary stop while awaiting transshipment or
 otherwise.




                                                                                    5
                 Information Sharing


  • Vital to fight fraud

  • Speed and timeliness of files to NICB

  • NICB familiar with the differing jurisdictional
    requirements of law enforcement

  • NICB Indemnification




                           C-TIP & NICB


• NICB and California Highway Patrol (CHP)

• NICB manages their cargo theft database

• Multi-Agency Task Force




                                                      6
                      FLORIDA CARGO THEFT
                       TASK FORCES & NICB


• Florida Statewide Cargo Theft Task Force
   – NICB member of the steering committee
   – Support Special Operations


• TOMCATS – South Florida
   – Tactical Operations Multi-Agency Cargo Anti-Theft Squad
   – NICB Agent assigned to task force
   – Support Special Operations




                     MIDWEST CARGO THEFT
                        INITIATIVE & NICB


 • NICB initiative with the Illinois State Police

 • Multi-Agency Task Force

 • NICB manages their cargo theft database




                                                               7
                       TEXAS CARGO THEFT
                         INITIATIVE & NICB


• NICB initiative with the Dallas Police Department and
  Texas Department of Public Safety

• NICB manages their cargo theft information
  - NICB also provides BOLO information to Texas
    Department of Public Safety dispatch for patrol car
   alerts




                    OHIO CARGO THEFT TASK
                         FORCE & NICB


• NICB initiative with the Ohio Department of Insurance

• NICB manages their cargo theft information

• Multi-Agency Task Force




                                                          8
                      OTHER TASK FORCES & NICB

• Southeast Transportation Security Council - GA
•   Kentucky – Louisville Metro PD and Kentucky State Police
•   VIPER – Nevada
•   Newark – FBI Interstate Theft Task Force – New Jersey
•   New York City PD
•   Suffolk County Police Department – New York
•   Georgia Bureau of Investigations Cargo Theft Task Force
•   Waterfront Commission of NY and NJ
•   KAT-NET Cargo Theft Task Force
•   North Carolina FBI – Charlotte & Greensboro
•   Pennsylvania FBI – Philadelphia
•   Pennsylvania State Police
•   Memphis Auto/Cargo Theft Task Force “TAMCATS”
•   Nashville Metro Police Department
•   Houston Police Department




    National Cargo Theft Task Force (NCTTF)



    Leadership Co-Chairs

      Ed Dean
      Sheriff of Marion County, Florida
      Joe Wehrle
      President & Chief Executive Officer
      National Insurance Crime Bureau




                                                               9
  National Cargo Theft Task Force (NCTTF)



Why do we need a national task force?
• National awareness of cargo theft problem
    Threat to America’s economy
    Combat cargo theft on a national scale
    Growing public health issues
    Enhance national intelligence sharing




  National Cargo Theft Task Force (NCTTF)



 The Task Force is comprised of:

    •   Law enforcement (local, state & federal)
    • Transportation industry
    • Insurance industry
    • Manufacturers




                                                   10
        THE CARGO THEFT LIFE CYCLE



                         Carrier




     Vendor

                                           Freight Brokerage


                         Retailer




National Cargo Theft Task Force (NCTTF)



    Developed a National Strategy
•     Federal response
•     Funding for task forces throughout the U.S.
•     Threat assessment
•     Intelligence & information sharing




                                                               11
 National Cargo Theft Task Force (NCTTF)



The Task Force has four Sub-committees
      • Best practices
      • Government affairs
      • Technology
      • Public information




    TASK FORCE ACCOMPLISHMENTS

•   Obtained support for the national strategy

• Increased intelligence & information sharing

• Hosted national cargo theft summits

• Launched the National Cargo Theft Website
   https://www.nationalcargothefttaskforce.org

• Organized a cargo theft ‘super day’ in Washington, D.C.




                                                            12
        NATIONAL CARGO THEFT
       INFORMATIONAL WEBSITE
https://www.nationalcargotheftaskforce.org




        NATIONAL CARGO THEFT
       INFORMATIONAL WEBSITE




                                             13
 NATIONAL CARGO THEFT
INFORMATIONAL WEBSITE




 NATIONAL CARGO THEFT
INFORMATIONAL WEBSITE




                        14
NATIONAL INFORMATION SHARING NETWORK



                                                   MISSION


   Support the national strategy to increase national
information sharing; by creating a National Cargo Theft
             Information Sharing Network




                                                         FLEET
                                                  NICS           S
                                          C   T RO                   OP OW
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                                                                                CS
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                                                                                                   WAREHOUSE SE




                                                  DATABASE
                                                                         INVESTIGATIVE
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                                                                            SUPPORT




                                                                                                      DC
                                  TRAINING
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                                                    POLICE
       A
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                                                                                                              AIR
                                                                                                              RAIL
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                                                  ANALYSTS
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                                                  ANALYTICS
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                                                                                         SP
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                                                  INSURANCE
                                                                                 AN
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                                                     MARINE




                                                                                                                     15
                 WAREHOUSE CASE STUDY

• Subjects either fly and/or drive to the areas they
  intend to target.




                 WAREHOUSE CASE STUDY

• They rent additional vehicles such as minivans
  and/or full size vehicles upon arriving in the
  area.




                                                       16
                 WAREHOUSE CASE STUDY

• Subjects rent a cheap motel close to their
  intended target.




                 WAREHOUSE CASE STUDY

• Once in the area, the subjects begin checking
  possible business to target.




                                                  17
                       WAREHOUSE CASE STUDY

• Once a viable location is identified, the subjects
  use several different tactics in order to take a
  closer look inside.




                       WAREHOUSE CASE STUDY

• They use binoculars to look through open bay doors

• They attempt to walk in and wader the business

• They attempt to apply for employment

• They call and ask what kind of merchandise is sold there

• They look through roof vents after hours

• They check the Internet




                                                             18
                   WAREHOUSE CASE STUDY

• Once on Target location is confirmed, the
  subjects use several different tactics in order to
  prepare for the burglary

   – Identify load departure and arrival times


   – Identify when the business opens and closes


   – Identify surveillance systems and security protocols




                   WAREHOUSE CASE STUDY

• Assemble the troops and establish Operation
  Plan




                                                            19
                                  WAREHOUSE CASE STUDY
• In October 2009 unknown perpetrators broke into a warehouse. The thieves apparently
  accessed the warehouse by cutting through the roof and using a ladder to climb down to the
  office area.

    The alarm panel was then destroyed. There were 25 pallets of dehumidifiers missing with an
    estimated value of $31,000.




                                              SIMILARITIES

•     Wear mask and gloves and leave nothing behind

•     Disable video and alarm systems including back-up and wireless systems

•     Conduct practice break-in to test police response and security systems

•     Establish multiple escape routes prior to the break-in

•     Take days to set-up and execute the burglaries

•     Opportunist and will use tools equipment and vehicles located at your
      business to commit the burglaries and remove the property

•     Prefer long holiday weekends




                                                                                                 20
      Thank You
     WWW.NICB.ORG
https://www.nationalcargotheftaskforce.org




                                             21

				
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