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					Lessons from the Bay                                                                         Virginia Department of Education




       SOS:
      Save
      Our
      Streams                                                                      by Kathy
                                                                                   Woodard
                       www.people.virginia.edu/~sos-iwla/Stream-Study/StreamStudyHomePage/StreamStudy.HTML
Lessons from the Bay                               Virginia Department of Education




                       What is Save Our Streams?
                       A Biological Stream Monitoring Program




Student and community member volunteers:
           Get trained in macroinvertebrate identification
           Monitor a stream 4 times a year
           Send results to the SOS database
Lessons from the Bay                           Virginia Department of Education




                       Why Save Our Streams?




          Learn more about stream ecology
          Discover how clean your stream is
          Share your data with others
          Take action to keep your watershed clean
Lessons from the Bay                                        Virginia Department of Education




                           SOS and SOLs
  You can teach many Virginia SOLs through the SOS program:

     •Kindergarten: K.1, K.6            •6th grade: 6.1, 6.8, 6.9, 6.11
     •1st grade: 1.1, 1.5, 1.7, 1.8     •Life Science: LS1, LS4, LS5,
                                               LS7, LS10, LS11, LS12
     •2nd grade: 2.1, 2.4, 2.5
                                        •Earth Science: ES1, ES7,
     •3rd grade: 3.1, 3.6, 3.9, 3.10          ES9
     •4th grade: 4.1, 4.5, 4.8          •Biology: BIO1, BIO3, BIO7,
     •5th grade: 5.1                           BIO9

                     For details on the SOLs listed above visit
                  http://www.pen.k12.va.us/go/Sols/science.html.
Lessons from the Bay                                       Virginia Department of Education




                       Steps to Get Started
       1. Choose training or a certified monitor

       2. Locate a Stream Site

       3. Review Safety Procedures

       4. Collect Macroinvertebrates

       5. Identify Macroinvertebrates

        6. Record Data to Determine Stream Health

                       You Are Ready to Save Our Streams
Lessons from the Bay                                 Virginia Department of Education




                       1. Choose:

                                or a        Certified
                Training
       Set up a 3-4 hour                     Monitor
       training session.
       In Virginia contact             LEEP has volunteers who
       Carol Harlow of SOS at:         are already certified.
       540-377-6179, or
       creeks63@hotmail.com.           Contact Kathy Woodard
                                       at: 540-872-2897, or
                                       woodard_kathy@hotmail.
       Or visit www.sosva.com          com
       and choose “Methods”
Lessons from the Bay                             Virginia Department of Education




                       2. Locate a Stream Site
                                      Find a stream in your
                                     area using maps. Visit
                                     mapquest.com, or call
                                     Va. Dept. of Mineral
                                     Resources 804-951-
                                     6340 to order $4
                                     topographic maps.
                                       Ask the landowner for
                                     permission. Your county
                                     office will have maps
                                     that show who owns the
                                     land.
Lessons from the Bay                                                                 Virginia Department of Education



            3. Review Safety Procedures
                 Bring a first aid kit
                 One adult for every six children under 18
                 Work only in good weather
                 Do not work on steep slopes or rapids
                 Never drink stream water
                 Do not handle sharp objects or broken glass
                 Stay with the group & wash hands when done
                 Never put hands or feet where you cannot see
                 Watch out for snakes and other wildlife
                       Modified from Conducting a Stream Cleanup – A How To Manual, VA DCR
Lessons from the Bay                   Virginia Department of Education




         4. Collect Macroinvertebrates
                           Gather water insects
                           and crustaceans with
                           nets or sieves. Rub
                           rocks to remove bugs.



   Keep in containers
   filled with water, so
   you can return them
   to the stream later.
Lessons from the Bay                                               Virginia Department of Education




     5. Identify Macroinvertebrates

                             Click on
                             your
                             answer:

     •You may want to practice with the
     online identification key available
     at www.people.virginia.edu/~sos-
     iwla/Stream-Study
     •Print a field guide from
     www.sosva.com/bugidcard.doc to
     use at the stream.

                              Scientific drawings from www.people.virginia.edu/~sos-iwla
Lessons from the Bay                      Virginia Department of Education




         Try Again
                       Mayfly Larva

      No, sorry!

     Mayfly Larva
     are very
     sensitive to
     pollution.

   That means if you had found one you would know
   your water quality was excellent, because they
   can only survive in clean water.
Lessons from the Bay                      Virginia Department of Education




          Continue     Dragonfly Larva

      Yes, great
      observation!
  Dragonfly Larva are
  somewhat sensitive
  to pollution. They
  can survive in clean,
  or moderately polluted water. At least you know
  your water is not very polluted. To see if it is
  clean or moderately polluted you would need to
  identify the other macroinvertebrates you found.
Lessons from the Bay                          Virginia Department of Education




         Try Again
                         Leech

      No, sorry!

     Leeches are
     not sensitive
     to pollution.
     They can survive in clean, moderately polluted, or
     very polluted water. So you would have to see
     what other macroinvertebrates you found to
     determine your water quality.
Lessons from the Bay                                    Virginia Department of Education




     6. Record Data
      to Determine
     Stream Health
                                            State of the York Watershed 2000


                                       Data forms available at

                                     www.sosva.com/methods.htm
                                                 or
                                    http://www.people.virginia.edu
                                         /~sos-iwla/Stream-
                                     Study/Methods/Form.HTML

            6               4   1

                       11
Lessons from the Bay                       Virginia Department of Education




                        You Are Ready to
                       Save Our Streams!
Lessons from the Bay                                        Virginia Department of Education




                               Works Cited
                       •Mills, B. & S. State of the York
                             Watershed 2000.
                       •VA DCR. Conducting a Stream Cleanup –
                             A How To Manual.
                       •www.people.virginia.edu/~sos-iwla
                             /Stream-Study
                       •www.mapquest.com
                       •www.sosva.com
                       •www.pen.k12.va.us/go/Sols/science.html

				
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