Hun Sen MP of Kandal Prime Minister

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					                                                                                                                          Published by the Cabinet
                                                                                                                           of Samdech Akka Moha
                                                                                                                              Sena Padei Techo
                                                                                                                                    Hun Sen
                                                                                                                                MP of Kandal
                                                                                                                                Prime Minister

Issue 129                                                                                      November, 2008

06 &07 November 2008 (The 3rd ACMECS Summit, Hanoi, Vietnam)                   09 November 2008
Cooperation and Future Directions — ACMECS & CLMV                              55th Anniversary of National Independence & Armed Forces
                                                                               … On this solemn occasion to           Preah Bat Samdech Preah
                                                                               commemorate the 55th anni-             Norodom Sihanouk, the He-
                                                                               versary of the National Inde-          roic King-Father for Inde-
                                                                               pendence’s Day on 9th No-              pendence, Territorial Integrity
                                                                               vember and the anniversary of          and Khmer Unity, to claim
                                                                               establishment of the Royal             independence from the
                                                                               Cambodian Armed Forces, on             French colonization in 1953. 
                                                                               behalf of Samdech Akka                   
                                                                               Moha Thormak Pothisal Chea             All Cambodian people and
                                                                               Sim, President of the Senate           myself always remember in
                                                                               and Samdech Ponhea Chakrei             our hearts the compassion and
                                                                               Heng Samrin, President of the          great sympathy of His Maj-
                                                                               National Assembly, I am ex-            esty Preah Karuna Preah Bat
                                                                               tremely excited to participate         Samdech Preah Norodom
                                                                               with all our people, especially        Sihanouk, who has physically
04 November 08 — Samdech Akka Moha Sena Padei Techo Hun Sen is                 the people in Phnom Penh, to           and mentally sacrificed for the
warmly welcomed by HE Nguyen Tan Dung, Prime Minister of the Socialist         celebrate this grand meeting           causes of national independ-
Republic of Vietnam in Hanoi (Photo — Reuters)
                                                                               with mass parade... It is the          ence, integrity, happiness and
The followings are two                 some projects such as the               historical day of the declara-         prosperity of the society with
speeches delivered in Hanoi            completion of Road 48, the              tion of the full independence          priceless achievement until
by Samdech Techo Hun Sen               construction of Road 67; and            of Cambodia under the royal            today as well as paving the
on cooperation and Future              the Project on technology               crusade and the noble mission          way for peace, development
Directions in the ACMECS               transfer in field crops produc-         of His Majesty Preah Karuna                      (Continued on page 4)
and CLMV Summits.                      tion improvement was imple-             19 November 2008 [Unofficial Translation of Selected Comments]
                                       mented in 4 provinces in                LDCs’ Ministerial Conference on Aid for Trade
  ACMECS Cooperation                   Cambodia. This project
   & Future Directions                 would allow Cambodia to                 In addition to the prepared            Mr. Pascal Lamy, and all of
                                       increase the productivity of            text, Samdech Akka Moha                you who have made efforts,
… Concerning our today                 maize, castor beans, sesame,            Sena Padei Techo Hun Sen,              with Cambodia as host, in
agenda to review progress of           soya bean, cassava, sugar-              during the opening of the              organizing this ministerial
ACMECS implementation                  cane, coffee and cashew nut,            2008 – Ministerial Confer-             conference of the least devel-
after four years in pursuing           which are critically important          ence of Least Developed                oped countries. What I wish
Bagan Declaration and setting          for increasing agricultural             Countries (LDCs) - AID for             to say in addition to what has
the future direction for               productivity.                           Trade: An Industrial Agenda            been written is that not only
ACMECS cooperation, I am                                                       for LDCs, co-sponsored by              when we are in the current
pleased to note that significant       In our bilateral cooperation            the United Nations Industrial          situation but even in normal
progress has been achieved in          with Vietnam, we have started           Development Organizations              one, the least developed coun-
bilateral projects between             the construction of Road 78             (UNIDO) and World Trade                tries (LDC) have to stress the
Thailand and member coun-              from Banlung to O Yadav,                Organization (WTO) - made              importance of solidarity,
tries, and between Vietnam             Vietnamese border. The pro-             some remarks as follows.               speak in one voice so that we
and other member countries in          ject on strengthening coopera-                                                 all would guarantee a com-
the areas of agriculture, trans-       tion in trade promotion and             Speaking in One Voice                  mon success.
port linkages and HRD coop-            project on establishment of             Once gain I would like to take                   (Continued on page 5)
eration.                               the opened markets at border            this solemn occasion to ex-
                                       gates has been implemented. I           press my sincere appreciation                     In This Issue
In cooperation between Cam-            appreciate that the construc-           and thanks to the Director              ACMECS & CLMV — p. 1
bodia and Thailand, we have            tion of high/medium Voltages            General of UNIDO, Mr.                   National Independence — p. 1
                                                                               Kandeh K. Yumkella, and                 LDCs : Aid for Trade — p. 1
notably made considerable              Power interconnection is on                                                     Ethanol Factory — p. 6
progress in implementing                        (Continued on page 2)          Director General of WTO,                UC Vision 100 — p.8

Mailing Box: Cambodia New Vision (CNV), P.O. Box 158, Phnom Penh, Cambodia; e-mail:; Tel: 855-23 219898; Fax: 855-23 360666/219869
Cambodia New Vision—Issue 129                                                                                       November 2008
(Continued from page 1)            vestment and tourism promo-        milled rice per year, account-    ACMECS projects.
the way. However, I would          tion in the region. In so doing,   ing for 13% of the world’s
urge to speed up this project as   actions and measures aimed at      total production, our rice        Second, we should work to-
Cambodia increasingly need         promoting and strengthening        farmers are still facing many     gether to generate more sup-
power supply for people and        regional integration are very      problems of poverty and poor      port under multilateral frame-
economic activities.               timely and important in today      livelihoods.                      works, particularly to attract
                                   context.                                                             international financing. We
While we have considerable                                            The benefits go more to rice      should follow up on the sup-
successes in ACMECS coop-          Another issue is the steady        traders who can influence         port of the development part-
eration, we are facing a couple    increase in foods and fuel         prices of rice in the interna-    ners for the 14 flagship pro-
of challenges such as the re-      prices which highly affects        tional market. Thus, coopera-     jects at the Foreign Ministers’
cent financial crisis in the US    our economies. But if looking      tion in rice production and       Retreat in Pakse in 2006.
and Europe and the increased       from another angle, I would        trade would improve the liv-
food prices. These challenges      say that higher food prices        ing conditions of our respec-     Cambodia supports the initia-
can have negative impacts on       also present opportunity for       tive farmers who make up the      tive to transform Southeast
our efforts in promoting           developing countries to in-        majority of our population.       Asia as a commercial trans-
growth and poverty reduction.      crease investment in agricul-                                        portation hub. I am pleased to
                                   ture in order to boost produc-     At the same time, we also         announce that under the GMS
The recent financial crisis can    tivity and export. Specifically,   need to exert our utmost ef-      framework, the ADB has
easily proliferate to our coun-    Cambodia has about two mil-        forts to promote projects in      approved the funding of
try. As a result of the ASEM       lion hectares of land for rice     the areas of industrial and       US$42 million for a missing
meeting in Beijing, China and      production. Its existing irriga-   energy cooperation and the        railway link of 48 Km from
members of ASEAN and               tion system can cover 30 per-      establishment of wholesale        Sisophon to Poi Pet. Malaysia
ASEAN+3 agreed that the            cent of the land.                  markets along the borders,        provided used rail of US$2.8
impact of the financial crisis                                        and other common projects,        million. And OPEC Fund for
can be mitigated by expedit-       We can expand land to three        which require substantial in-     International Development
ing and strengthening the im-      million hectares for rice pro-     vestments. In other word, we      (OFID) provided US$13 mil-
plementation of the Chiang         duction. Moreover, Cambodia        should make our utmost ef-        lion for the rehabilitation of
Mai Initiative. However, this      could cultivate about two to       forts to move those projects      the railway link from Siso-
financial crisis is not a very     three times per year on the        from “Study Status” to            phon to Sihanouk Ville. This
serious problem for us since       same land areas if we have         “Actual Implementation”.          will not only connect Cambo-
we see that our financial sec-     enough water source and suf-                                         dia to Thailand, but also com-
tor is sound and safe and is not   ficient irrigation system.         In this regard, Cambodia          plete the Singapore-Kunming
widely exposed to external         Therefore, I think that Cam-       highly appreciates the pro-       rail link, which will become a
financial system. Neverthe-        bodia has huge potential and       posed declaration on Facilita-    transportation backbone
less, we are still concerned       can become a major exporter        tion of Trade and Investment      among the ACMECS coun-
about the impact of the crisis     of rice. While seeing drought      and Tourism, which will not       tries.
on our real economy. The           rice fields during dry season,     only promote trade and in-
decreased demand in devel-         it always reminds me that this     crease the inflows of tourists,   For our future direction, I
oped countries, the reduced        is a great potential for Cambo-    but also promote general de-      strongly believe that we
tourists and the fall of foreign   dia, which we can use it by        velopment of the member           should mobilize our resources
investment into our region         investing in irrigation system     countries.                        and double our efforts to im-
would have negative impact         and farmers’ productivity.                                           plement the existing projects
on employment and economic         Presently, Cambodia has in-        To move ACMECS coopera-           in the 2006 ACMECS Plan of
growth, especially the liveli-     vestment agreements with           tion forward, I would like to     Action. This already well
hood of the poor and vulner-       Kuwait and Qatar to improve        share with you my humble          reflects the current circum-
able groups.                       agricultural productivity, es-     thoughts as follows:              stances, priorities and needs of
                                   pecially in rice cultivation.                                        member countries and guides
Indeed, it has been said that                                         First, I believe that we should   the ACMECS cooperation
“crisis goes along with oppor-     In this context, I am very         maximize the opportunities        towards the year 2012. In this
tunities”. The current global      pleased with the successful        for private sector involve-       regard, we should mandate
financial crisis presents oppor-   conclusion of the trade minis-     ment. Therefore, our meeting      our Foreign Ministers and
tunity for us to strengthen and    ters’ meeting last year which      with the Business Sector today    Senior Officials to closely
expand cooperation and re-         has come up with concrete          is an appropriate step to         oversee and monitor the re-
gional integration in order to     plan of action and specific        maximize support from the         spective working group of the
maximize benefit from our          timeframe aimed at enhancing       private sector. We should         seven sectors of ACMECS
great economic potentials          our cooperation in food. We        encourage business sectors of     focusing on concrete imple-
through expanding coopera-         have to admit that although        the five countries to meet        mentation at project level. To
tion in financial and banking      ACMECS countries produce           more often, thus they can ma-     this end, Cambodia would be
sectors, trade promotion, in-      about 55 million tons of           terialize their support for               (Continued on page 3)

Page 2                                                                                           
Cambodia New Vision—Issue 129                                                                                           November 2008
(Continued from page 2)             be likely under the pressure of     especially among CLMV              port linkages alone can con-
pleased to host the ACMECS          the global environment,             countries by focusing on agri-     tribute to the better coopera-
Summit in 2010… ■                   though in general we hope           culture, linkage of physical       tion among the CLMV mem-
                                    that there would be no signifi-     infrastructure, trade, invest-     ber countries.
     CLMV Progress &                cant problems emerging.             ment promotion and tourism.
     Future Directions              Nevertheless, our respective                                           Cambodia proposes to seek
                                    country as well as our whole        Let me now return to our           funding for the building of the
This Fourth Summit is an            region should enhance moni-         main areas of cooperation          border check-point between
opportunity for us as the Lead-     toring in the management and        under CLMV framework. By           Cambodia-Laos at Trapeang
ers to provide further guidance     ensure macroeconomic and            giving equal importance to the     Kreal as well as to upgrade
on the implementation of the        financial stability. Especially     9 areas of cooperation, Cam-       the National Road 7 from
revised action plan that we         in the regional framework, the      bodia has submitted 20 pro-        Stung Treng to Trapeang
adopted unanimously at the          closer cooperation in financial     jects to promote cooperation       Kreal. Cambodia also re-
third Summit in Cebu, the           and banking sectors should          in agriculture, industry and       quests continued works to
Philippines early 2007.             become our top priority.            energy, tourism and transport.     upgrade the road from from
                                                                        Cambodia highly appreciates        Banlung (Rattanakiri) to the
I would like to thank our min-      Export growth has held up           the initiative of Vietnam to       Cambodian-Vietnamese bor-
isters and senior officials for     pretty well so far for much of      establish CLMV Scholarship         der at O Yadav (70 km). An-
their hard work and utmost          the region, but it is likely to     Scheme for vocational and          other important initiative is
effort in timely translating the    gradually slow down when            post-graduate training. I be-      the upgrading of the existing
revised action plan into a list     the developed countries face        lieve this is a very practical     Southern Economic Corridor
of project proposals with cost-     the economic recession. The         project to lead the HRD coop-      to the level of Primary High-
ing, source of financing and        countries under large garment       eration. At the same time,         way with four-lane class. Last
specific timeframes in the          and textile sectors, which          Cambodia attaches a lot of         in our proposal in the trans-
prioritized fields of coopera-      export to the US and Euro-          importance to trade and in-        port sector is to further find
tion. I am pleased that our         pean markets, will also be at       vestment promotion among           financing for the construction
officials eventually were able      risk. Moreover, financial crisis    members. Trade fair is also a      of the missing railway link
to ensure that there is no dupli-   and world economic recession        practical and easy start project   between Bat Deng-Loc Ninh
cation of CLMV action plan          will slow down the flow of          which will help increase trade     to complete the construction
with other cooperation mecha-       investment and tourists into        and investment flows among         of the SKRL (Singapore-
nisms particularly at the pro-      our region. This would have         and between the CLMV               Kunming Rail Link) project.
ject levels. However, the tasks     negative impacts on develop-        countries with the outside.
ahead of us are to work out         ing economies like CLMV.                                               I believe that all of these pro-
innovative and creative                                                 Cooperation in transport is        jects under our cooperation
mechanism including financ-         In response to this critical        also indispensable for CLMV        framework now need a per-
ing in order to translate the       challenge, we should also see       as we want to make the best        manent support structure. It is
projects into actual implemen-      that our region as well as our      use of economic corridors          time to think of institutional-
tation.                             respective country still has        across the CLMV countries          ize CLMV cooperation by
                                    enormous potential through          such as the East-West Eco-         establishing working groups
Before going to make a re-          promoting cooperation and           nomic Corridor, the Southern       for each sector. The working
view on areas of cooperation        regional integration in order to    Economic Corridor under the        groups can then tackle project
under CLMV framework,               enlarge economy of scale,           GMS.                               financing issue which remains
please allow me to briefly          strengthen trade, promote                                              a fundamental challenge for
raise the issue of the current      investment and enhance tour-        In this regard, Cambodia con-      CLMV. The working groups
financial crisis which is the       ism. Moreover, the world            tinues to promote the feasibil-    should be tasked to resolve
concern for all over the world.     food shortage is opening a          ity study of the construction      this financial issue in several
According to assessments by         new opportunity for us to           of 67 km of National road NR       areas as follows:
experts, the current financial      jointly diversify our econo-        301A from Siem Pang (Stung
crisis being witnessed in the       mies to a greater extent            Treng Province, Cambodia)          Firstly, Domestic resource
United States and other devel-      through rural development           to Cambodia/Lao PDR bor-           mobilization among the
oped countries would have           and the increase in agricul-        der. Moreover, Cambodia            CLMV countries and explor-
some negative impacts on our        tural production, which will        urges the Transportation           ing the feasibility of establish-
economies. Unlike the build-        strengthen our sustainable          Working Group to conduct           ing a CLMV Fund to be used
up to the 1997 Asian financial      growth.                             the studies of road links from     to provide seed money to
crisis, there are currently no                                          Siem Reap-Stung Treng              CLMV projects;
signs of large current account      Therefore, this time is very        (Cambodia)-Champasak
deficits in our region and so       critical for all of us to jointly   (Laos) and Siem Reap               Secondly, Enhanced coopera-
far Asia's banking sector re-       find ways to strengthen our         (Cambodia)-Koh Khong-              tion with ASEAN Secretariat
mains healthy. Therefore, this      bilateral and multilateral co-      Champasak (Laos). We have          and the dialogue partners to
region's financial sector would     operation to a higher level,        seen very clearly that trans-              (Continued on page 5)

Page 3                                                                                              
Cambodia New Vision—Issue 129                                                                                        November 2008
(Continued from page 8)            Riels (about 2,500 US dollars)     (Continued from page 1)            integrity and happiness of the
to write letters, because their    in assistance to a young boy       and solidarity for the whole       people, as well as to protect
assistants help them write.        who had both of his hands          Cambodian society, which           various temples of national
                                   amputated but made great           we, as your children, grand-       relics, that are great heritage
Since you have shown your          efforts in his life to write and   children, great grandchildren,     of Cambodian ancestors, from
ability and knowledge in the       read and eat on his own. Since     have always followed up this       any aggression.  
exams and because you will         you all have a better chance       noble development path. This         
have good curriculum offered       than him I would urge you to       priceless, deepest and greatest    Taking this precious moment,
by the University of Cambo-        make the most out of this          compassion has been carved         I would like to extend my
dia, you all will become new       opportunity for own sake and       in the golden page of the          profound appreciation and
generation of intellectuals        for the society.                   Cambodian history, which           respects to officers and sol-
with professional consciences                                         will never ever be deleted, by     diers of the Royal Cambodian
and young generation of lead-      With regards to the situation      all Cambodians.                    Armed Forces who have fully
ers in future. Maybe 20% of        along the Thai-Cambodian                                              supported the government’s
you all will become heads of       border, some people think that     I would also like to express       policies; firmly respected the
institutions, offices, depart-     the Royal Government of            my deepest gratitude to Her        constitution as well as laws
ments, 30% will become             Cambodia will conscript our        Majesty Norodom Monineath          and regulations issued by the
community workers and the          youth into the army so as to       Sihanouk, the Heroic Queen-        government; and uncomplain-
remaining 50% will become          fight in the upcoming war.         Mother for Freedom, Dignity        ingly transformed themselves
production force of our soci-      We have more soldiers to           and Happiness, who has al-         into the armed forces with
ety. Maybe 2% of you will          fight than we need, why            ways stayed near, followed         order, honor, dignity and
become politicians - in so and     should we need to impose           and supported His Majesty          bravery to be the real children
so parties and you may be-         military obligation? Some          Preah Karuna Preah Bat Sam-        of the people and sacrifice
come parliamentarians.             politicians like to talk about     dech Preah Norodom Siha-           their lives in fulfilling their
                                   military secrets. Will you get     nouk in the noble royal mis-       noble mission... 
I would therefore urge you to      information from the US mili-      sions for the causes of our         
make more efforts and with         tary? Will they tell you how       nation and people.                 Based on Cambodia’s capac-
your endeavors in your study       many soldiers they have?                                              ity and real needs, the Royal
you will reach your targets        Please do not feel that free-      At the same time, I would like     Government of the 4th legisla-
and become the capable force       dom is to know everything, as      to express my deepest senti-       ture will carry on the imple-
of our society, the pride of our   it could jeopardize national       ment and loyalty to His Maj-       mentation of armed forces
nation. As I can remember, 29      security.                          esty Preah Karuna Preah Bat        reform in order to ensure the
years ago in April 1979, when                                         Samdech Preah Baromneath           effective protection of sover-
we started the Ministry of         We will have to conscript          Norodom Sihamoni, King of          eignty, territorial integrity,
Foreign Affairs, there was one     some to replace old soldiers       the Kingdom of Cambodia,           security and social order of
Minister, one assistant and        but not general conscription. It   who has always continued to        which the priority is to trans-
one guard - three persons to       is not the time yet to imple-      pursue noble royal mission of      form our armed forces; to be
run the Ministry. In those         ment military conscription         the King-Father and fully          professionally-skilled, capable
days I remembered there were       while it would also take us a      supported the Royal Govern-        to succeed and well-equipped
many who cheated with their        lot of money to do so. The         ment for the causes of na-         with technologies and equip-
education background, again        conscription will be for 18        tional peace, stability, exten-    ments; to firmly respect law,
in 1992 and 1993.                  months, but we will spend 6        sive solidarity, social progress   regulations and human rights;
                                   months already in training,        and the promotion of the live-     to be loyal to Nation Religion
Many people fake their pasts       whereas the 12 months left         lihood, welfare and harmoni-       King and willing to make all
in their biographies. Some         would not be enough.               zation of the people.              sacrifices in order to protect
came from foreign countries                                                                              territorial integrity, national
and claimed to have Ph D but       Besides we have to spend at        Along with the 55th anniver-       interests and people; and to
they never have thesis and         leas on uniforms, etc. The         sary of the National Independ-     further strengthening social
countries of origin could not      situation has evolved from         ence’s Day today, we also          and professional ethics to
prove them to be ones.             confrontation and armed            celebrate the 55th anniversary     enhance confidence on our
                                   clashes to negotiations ... The    of the establishment of our        armed forces.
I thank Mr. Rithy Thakral and      war broke out when I was 18        brave Royal Cambodian               
family for their understand-       years old so I was not the one     Armed Forces, established by       Cambodia has been enjoying
ings in providing this kind of     who is responsible in waging       His Majesty Preah Karuna           the fruits of peace and full
assistance to our people and       wars but I am sure that we are     Preah Bat Samdech Preah            territorial unity and integrity
they know that it is what Hun      the ones that put an end to        Norodom Sihanouk, the He-          as the result of the "Win-Win
Sen wants - building schools,      wars. We will not seek to          roic King-Father for National      Policy" of the Royal Govern-
giving scholarships to stu-        make war with anyone but to        Independence, who have been        ment as evidenced by high
dents, etc. I just sent a few      keep our country in peace and      fulfilling their noble mission     economic growth and poverty
months ago some ten million        self defense if need be… ■         to maintain peace, territorial             (Continued on page 6)

Page 4                                                                                            
Cambodia New Vision—Issue 129                                                                                          November 2008
(Continued from page 1)            aware that the rich countries      Partners Vs Competitors             would be willing to take the
                                   will reduce its oversea devel-     Among the five (ACMECS)             flight and they would not get
Below Import Standards?            opment assistance (ODA) or         countries we have the objec-        to their destinations at all.
As we know all meetings            cut down loans via multilat-       tive to create an Association
have made higher and higher        eral financial institutions.       of Rice Exporting Countries         Excellent Stay In Siem Reap
promises of development.           Some countries have resorted       (AREC), which is exporting a        As for our guests who are
Promises, including the one        to barring loans to foreign        total of 50% or 53% of rice in      present for this conference, I
that pledges 0.7% of GDP as        creditors but to only local        the world. Some say the idea        would wish you all an excel-
aid, have not been realized        banks. This makes some pro-        of establishing this Associa-       lent stay in Siem Reap prov-
yet. A few countries in Europe     jects with financing sources       tion is for bargaining edge         ince though what this city
have fulfilled their promises,     from foreign countries feeling     with OPEC.                          used to be in 1979 would not
while we notice that trade         the impacts from this trend.                                           be similar to what you have
barriers are being erected                                            The reality is different, OPEC      seen here today. People have
against the poor countries.        Last week I attended the           is for exporting oil and when       been evacuated whereas about
LDCs have all been open for        ACMECS meeting in Hanoi.           oil price hit lower they also       three millions lives were
products from developed            I have reminded the member         reduce their production             taken. It has taken us 28 years
countries. But when we send        countries on one fact that         whereas AREC will increase          to finish the war in Cambodia
our products to developed          ACMECS members have                its production so as to meet        and to put an end to it wasting
countries, we have encoun-         made countless products into       the world demand for food. I        not even a single bullet.
tered strong barriers – from       the rich countries, take for       think we should try to cooper-
tax tariff to various forms of     instance Cambodia exported a       ate and speak in one voice on       Khmers unite under the Con-
condition or quarantine issues.    sum of about 36,000 US dol-        this matter. But we should          stitution, HM the King and
                                   lars into the markets in           bear in mind that we are both       the Royal Government of
What they consider inapplica-      Europe, the US. But as the         partner and competitor be-          Cambodia irrespective of
ble in protecting their econ-      crisis takes place, countries      cause among the five coun-          races. For your information
omy or products, they would        with lower income would not        tries members of ACMECS –           here we have only two hotels
turn away by saying only a         be in the position to make         Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar,            left from the previous time
phrase “(the products are)         more orders for costly dresses.    Thailand and Vietnam, we all        whereas about a hundred new
below standard for importa-                                           try to make cooperation and         hotels are now catering their
tion.” Their products came         They therefore will have to        also to attract own foreign         services. Among them about
into our countries freely and at   reconsider low cost dresses        investments.                        ten hotels are the investments
high prices. On top of that we     made with average labors and                                           from abroad whereas the rests
have heard they said about         skills. Take for instance man’s    Win-win Competition                 are covered by local inves-
cease of agricultural subsidies    suit could cost 200 US dollars     Principle                           tors...■
in their countries, but most are   at the lowest and 4,000 US         The principle of competition
still there.                       dollars at the highest. If they    though should be carried out        (Continued from page 3)
                                   in this instance turn to cheaper   in a win-win manner, where          seek financing under the IAI
World Financial Crisis             made suit, it would not be too     everyone could be an integral       framework.
Impacts                            bad.                               part so as to develop alto-
As a result, agricultural pro-                                        gether. As an example, Cam-         Thirdly, Encouraged partici-
ductions in our countries are      Opportunity Always Exists          bodia should not think that         pation of Private sector in
cheaper compared to theirs,        in Time of Crisis                  when its neighboring coun-          projects;
but we could not bring them        I have looked at the list of       tries are in difficulties, facto-
to markets in their countries.     participants and it reminds me     ries would move to Cambodia         Fourthly, Joint effort to im-
The reason for that is because     of a number of countries in        or Cambodia would have the          prove market access to prod-
they still have agricultural       Africa that I visited in the       chance to have tourists com-        ucts originated from the
subsidy policy in place. I think   times when I was Deputy            ing to Cambodia instead of          CLMV countries, and seeking
to address this issue the least    Prime Minister and Minister        those in turmoil. It is not a       special treatment from devel-
developed countries have to        for Foreign Affairs. Recently      good thing. We have to see it       opment partners for market
unite and to speak in one          Guinea contacted Cambodia          as an interdependent situation,     access under the frameworks
voice so as to secure success      to purchase some agricultural      which one fault in the system       of the ASEAN Integration
in negotiating process and         products. This has made me         would have impact on the            System of Preference (AISP);
continue to negotiate with         think that in time of crisis       others.
hope though the world is hit       there are always opportunities                                         Fifthly, collective work to
by financial crisis, and at the    as at the time of fuel and food    Take for example the terrorist      generate support for our initia-
time that the rich countries       crisis Cambodia could see the      attacks would not only have         tives under bilateral and mul-
have to bail out their financial   opportunity of expanding           impact in that particular place     tilateral frameworks, particu-
and economic ailments.             production to provide food for     but to other countries related      larly in attracting international
                                   both local and the world.          and when the airlines are un-       financing from ADB & other
While doing so, LDCs are                                              der threats of attack no one        development partners… ■

Page 5                                                                                             
Cambodia New Vision—Issue 129                                                                                         November 2008
17 November 2008 [Unofficial Translation, Selected Comments]          (Continued from page 4)             progress and prosperity.
First Cambodian Bio Energy’s Ethanol Factory                          reduction over the past dec-        Therefore, the Royal Govern-
First Inauguration after            well as our foreign friends       ade. Cambodia has integrated        ment of the 4th Legislature is
the Formation of RGC                have had confidence in the        into the region and the world       obliged to carry on its historic
I have a great pleasure today       election victory on July 25,      and plays a dynamic role on         and noble mission to acceler-
to be present with all of our       2008 for the CPP.                 equal footing and with equal        ate development progress and
people and monks as well as                                           rights in various sub-regional,     the implementation of deep-
our dear Korean guests in           Initial Output -                  regional, inter-regional and        ening and comprehensive
putting into official use the       36,000 Tons of Ethanol            international organizations.        reforms.
factory that will produce etha-     According to the report of HE     Peace, full territorial unity and
nol, bio-energy at the invest-      Minister Suy Sem, as well as      political stability, unseen for     In this spirit, the Royal Gov-
ment of MH Bio Energy               that of BH Bio Energy, the        decades, allows Cambodia to         ernment has laid out and de-
Company from the Republic           initial output would be 36,000    implement its reform pro-           termined to successfully im-
of Korea. This indeed makes         tons of ethanol. The average      grams in all sectors to re-build    plement the “Rectangular
me happy because it is the first    consumption or requirement        institutional capacities,           Strategy” for Growth, Em-
inauguration to do in one and       of tapioca chip is about          strengthen socio-economic           ployment, Equity and Effi-
a half month after the forma-       10,000 tons per annum. The        infrastructure, and create a        ciency -- Phase II which is the
tion and running of the new         factory has the capacity to       highly conducive climate to         "Socio-economic Policy
Royal Government. I wish to         produce between 300,000 and       attract investments from both       Agenda" of the “Political Plat-
take this opportune moment to       half a million tons of ethanol    domestic and overseas               form of the Royal Govern-
give my heartfelt appreciation      when it comes to its full         sources to enable strong eco-       ment of the fourth legislature
to the Ministry of Industry,        swing operation. While inau-      nomic growth and poverty            of the National Assembly” …
Mines and Energy for its ef-        gurating the factory, we          reduction.
                                                                                                          1. Ensuring sustainable
forts to provide necessary          should indeed say we are                                                 peace, political stability,
facilitation for the project to     open a new market for our         Based on the prudent and
                                                                      interlinked implementation of          safety, and social order
actually take place. HE Suy         farmers who cultivate tapioca.                                           which aimed at promot-
Sem, Minister for Industry,         Judging from the capacity of      public finance and monetary
                                                                      policies in combination with           ing the rule of law, re-
Mines and Energy has men-           the factory, only between 200                                            specting human rights
tioned on the investment pro-       and 500 jobs have been cre-       the free market policy, the
                                                                      Royal Government has real-             and dignity and liberal
ject in his speech and on how       ated but when it comes to                                                multi-party democracy. 
to go about getting a factory of    marketing tapioca, we have        ized macro-economic stability
this kind to take shape. It is      provided a window of oppor-       and favorable conditions for        2. Ensuring sustainable
not a big one for Korea, but it     tunity for farmers. We hope       development. Double digit              long-term economic
is the first of its kind in the     the factory will increase its     growth within the last 4 years         growth at around 7%
Kingdom of Cambodia, and is         pace to full swing production     has created jobs, increased            per year on a broader
indeed a big one for us. The        so that more of our farmers       people’s income, improved              and more competitive
factory we inaugurated today        will be able to benefit from      production and productivity            economic base in the
symbolizes not only the suc-        the tapioca demand. Tapioca       both in terms of quantity and          context of low, single-
cess of the two countries' co-      in Cambodia is no longer          quality, and reduced poverty           digit inflation. 
operation but truly of the          serving small purpose of proc-    rate from around 35% in 2004
Royal Government of Cam-            essing food for consumption       to 30% in late 2007. Govern-        3.  Ensuring the poverty
bodia. The factory has indeed       but becoming raw material for     ance has also been improved.          reduction at a rate of
started in the third legislature    bio fuel energy production.       The quality and coverage of           over 1% per annum, and
of the National Assembly                                              public services have been             the improvement of main
Royal Government, and has           More Will Grow Tapioca            improved and expanded re-             social indicators, espe-
finalized and operationalized        If I am not mistaken, the fig-   spectively to address the peo-        cially in education,
with our inauguration in the        ure this year shows that our      ple’s actual needs.                   health and gender eq-
early part of the fourth legisla-   farmer grow tapioca on                                                  uity. 
ture National Assembly Royal        170,000 hectares of land          Once again, the outcome of
Government. The Board Di-           while last year was 100,000       the General Election on 27th        4. Ensuring a credible and
                                                                      July 2008, which was nation-           broader coverage, effi-
rector of MH Bio Energy -           hectares only. With this mar-                                            ciency and quality of
Ethanol came to see me on           ket demand I am sure more,        ally and internationally
                                                                      deemed as free, fair and trans-        public services.
July 15, 2008, perhaps in his       like in Memot, Damber,
unbending confidence that the       Snuol, Tbong Khmum and            parent, clearly reflects the full
                                                                      and authentic support from          … The Royal Government
CPP would be reelected, and         some others like in Battam-                                           clearly understood that the
Hun Sen would once again            bang, will grow tapioca which     the majority of people to the
                                                                      elected government to carry         four prioritized objectives
become the Prime Minister to        will give them better source of                                       mentioned above are highly
invite me to preside over the       income. I would also urge HE      on leading the country on the
                                                                      path of development and re-         ambitious, especially, in the
inauguration of the company.        Chea Sophara - Minister for
The people of Cambodia as                   (Continued on page 7)
                                                                      form in all sectors towards                 (Continued on page 8)

Page 6                                                                                             
Cambodia New Vision—Issue 129                                                                                            November 2008
(Continued from page 6)            different correlations between       like to appeal to all fuel com-     When we face with the food
Rural Development to help          industry and agriculture.            panies, local and foreign ones,     situation, our farmers which
check the news that people in                                           to make more efforts in bring-      make 80% of the population
Damber district have sliced        Firstly, the provision of addi-      ing the prices down. I learned      were so happy, but the 20%
their tapioca but I do not know    tion value on raw materials,         from the weekly report of the       are not happy with the Gov-
if they sell their tapioca chips   where in this case the tapioca       meeting HE Deputy Prime             ernment. However, we no-
to Men Sarun's company or          chip, which before we ex-            Minister Keat Chhon inform-         ticed that our people have a
for who. I also do not have the    ported them unprocessed.             ing me that two local compa-        good understanding about this
information if their chips are     Now tapioca in our country           nies have reduced their fuel        bitter fact. Take for instance
not up to the standard or else.    has the chance of serving not        prices - Sokimex and Tela           the electoral campaign took
This is a major issue if we        only the demand for fuel but         while Total, Caltex, etc. have      place at the time when fuel
could not absorb most or all of    also fertilizer. Secondly, this      yet to bring their prices lower.    price has gone sky high but
the chips people produced the      will create jobs and income          I urge the local companies to       some politicians complain to
factory would one day in the       for both farmers and workers,        reduce the price further be-        farmers of the rise of rice
future be threatened. Actions      thus contributes in the poverty      cause the price of oil in the       price without noticing that it is
must be taken to see if people     reduction program in Cambo-          international market has gone       indeed our people's wish to
in Tbong Khmum could sell          dia. Thirdly, technical and          down to about 54 US$ per            have their produce sell at high
their chips or not, if they have   skill training will be con-          barrel from about 140 US$           price. They lose the election
hard time to sell, they would      ducted and provided for staff        last July. The local price at the   no doubt. Every crisis has
not grow tapioca anymore and       and workers according to their       time jumped to 5,700 Riels          implicit opportunity.
this is the threat.                tasks while fulfilling their jobs    per liter. It has come down to
                                   - on the job training. Fourthly,     a comparable level yet when         There is this world crisis of
Tapioca Processing                 transfer of new technology           the price of oil has gone down      food, but Cambodia is farm-
Facilities                         that is not available before for     drastically.                        ing country with potential to
We have a factory that proc-       which I am so grateful to our                                            produce food on a larger land,
esses tapioca in Kompong           Korean friends. Fifthly, this        I could not order you to lower      some could be spared for the
Cham province, in the village      will serve our target of ex-         the price as it is against the      production of ethanol raw
of Khna, Sanlaob commune,          panding and promoting ex-            market norm or the rules of         materials. This has indeed to
Tbong Khmum district, which        ports with a contribution to         the World Trade Organiza-           illustrate the fact that we have
produces between 15,000 and        address trade imbalance as           tion. The State is not in a posi-   to promote food production
20,000 tons of tapioca chips.      this is going to be a new prod-      tion to determine the price but     and increase our potential for
We also have one other fac-        uct. It will have a share in our     it is so funny to see that some     processing aimed at serving
tory in the village of Taingyu,    export which is more than 4          people who declared them-           local demand in replacement
O Da commune, Kamrieng             billion US dollars per year.         selves the free world econo-        of those imported from out-
district, which could do be-       Sixthly, this will create other      mists and who accused us of         side. Cambodia has a share of
tween 15,000 and 20,000 tons       services relating to or support-     being the communists have           30% from its agriculture in
of tapioca chips too. Initially    ing for bio energy.                  pressingly suggested the            the country's GDP - though it
the two major factories could                                           Royal Government to set the         has gone down in figure from
supply their products to the       Fuel to Lower Price                  price.                              48% to 30% does not mean
factory here - BH Bio Energy       We all know that the world is                                            we have less share from agri-
- for ethanol production.          in midst of crisis relating to oil   As far as the price of fuel is      culture but we have more rice
                                   and food, and oil has become         concerned, the Royal Govern-        for export.
Please allow me to share our       a check and balance in the           ment has given a good under-
people's and everyone's joy. I     fact of price rise in food.          standing of your concern in         Four RGC’s Objectives
am so worried about contract       Higher oil price makes higher        clearing stock from the fuel        I have pointed out once again
farming in which people are        food price. In the Philippines,      crisis period, but it should be     before HM the King during
contracted to grow and sell        because they have been so            way over now. I request two         the 55th anniversary of the
their produce to the contractor    worried about energy security,       companies - Sokimex and             country's independence that
whereas in the case they could     they transferred land from           Tela to work out some price         we have to 1) maintain peace,
not turn to the contractor to      food crops to energy crop.           cut and should not be con-          political stability as without
sell their produce, and other      Because of the food security         cerned of what the foreign          the two we cannot sustain
traders refuse or offer them       they once again transfer land        based companies would do. I         development, and investors
unreasonable prices, our farm-     from energy crop to food crop        guarantee similar quality. I        would leave; 2) maintain en
ers will find themselves be-       cultivation.                         have here the Sokimex and           economic growth at the ap-
tween losses on either end.                                             Tela's offers - they bring          proximate rate of 7%, but we
                                   The US is another example.           down the price of fuel - gas        hope that we might obtain a
Other Benefits Related             This has indeed led to the fact      and diesel - 200 Riels per liter.   better result; 3) move the pov-
As is said by HE Suy Sem,          that food which is grown in                                              erty rate one point lower per
Minister for Industry, Mines       smaller size of land has gone        Every Crisis Comes                  annum; and 4) provide better
and Energy, this has shown 6       high in price. Today I would         Opportunity                                 (Continued on page 8)

Page 7                                                                                               
Cambodia New Vision—Issue 129                                                                                          November 2008
19 November 2008 (Unofficial Translation of Selected Comments)         (Continued from page 7)            is going to pull the Mayor off
UC’s Vision 100—Scholarship from Rithy Thakral & Family                and effective public services      his seat if the Prime Minister
Today it is my great pleasure        study like a slogan that goes     for our people and for inves-      does not do so? In the wake of
to be here with all of you to        "study and study." I would        tors.                              the General Commissioner
present the scholarship of           stress here that all leaders no                                      Hok Lundy's death, Gen. Net
"Samdech Techo Hun Sen               matter at whatever level you      World Financial Crisis             Savoeun, who is my nephew
Vision 100" which is the gen-        may be - top to middle levels     It is indeed hard to understand    in law has taken over the
erous offer from Dr. Rithy           Minister or Secretary of State    now who is going to advise         job… I got criticized for nam-
Thakral, the President of            - must continue to study.         who. The World Bank and            ing him the General Commis-
Thakral Group and family                                               IMF came about advising us         sioner. What cam I do if he is
from Singapore. It is indeed a       I would urge those of you         small countries of what to do      second in command and he
pleasure to give my apprecia-        who have been granted the         but as it has shown, the US,       has been doing this police job
tion to the University of Cam-       scholarship to work hard and      then Europe and some coun-         for his whole life. Some poli-
bodia which always makes             follow your professors' in-       tries have experienced the         ticians have said I have
great efforts in seeking schol-      struction and you have to         impacts. In Cambodia, be-          tricked them to come to the
arships for providing to stu-        make efforts in doing your        cause we do not have stock         meeting. I could not remem-
dents from poor families so as       homework and research. I          exchange yet I think we do         ber when I talked to him/her if
they could continue their stud-      would give you my experi-         not feel the impact in this        they seek for the post of head
ies. With the Vision 100             ence here that whatever is the    sector. Now G20 countries          of commission/s in the parlia-
Scholarship, I think we have         product from your own re-         are meeting to work out their      ment, I would tell them it will
added a new kind of scholar-         search and findings is there to   bails and measures. I would        be their dream ...■
ship to our list. Because we         stay with you, Plagiarizing is    accept that what happens has
have 100 students covered in         not your own and you will not     had some mild impacts on
this scholarship, it is hopeful      remember it. A few months         Cambodia, especially exports.      (Continued from page 6)
that we will double figure           ago, maybe before the elec-       However, based on this crisis,     current context of deepening
every year until perhaps             tions, I saw a girl who com-      we have looked to the food         global financial and economic
1,000. Efforts made in seeking       peted in the US, when she         production and ethanol pro-        crisis. Indeed, poverty reduc-
sponsorship in form of schol-        was interviewed by the Bayon      duction for energy as well.        tion is a task which can not be
arship has been remarkable           TV. She is between 16 and 17                                         addressed in a single day or
and it is good to note that          years old and is the one who      National Independence &            even a year. However, base
among the 100 students se-           conducted research in bio-        Water Festivities                  on the experiences and vari-
lected for giving scholarship        fuel. She won the silver prize     I would like to take this op-     ous achievements we have
most of them are coming from         among participants from           portune moment to thank HE         obtained so far with our un-
different provinces in the           some 70 countries. I think we     the Mayor of Phnom Penh            wavering aspiration and deter-
country. Dr Kao Kim Huon             should try and find her to help   city, the Governor of Kandal       mination as well as the broad
already mentioned about how          her in her study so that she      who have made efforts to-          sense of national unity in en-
to go about setting a selection      could become one of our sci-      gether with the armed forces       hancing the implementation
criteria and the contest for         entists or inventors.             and the people of Phnom            of sustainable and intercon-
scholarship. The 100 students                                          Penh in making our festivities     nected activities in all fields,
have been selected through           I am so proud of research         on the Independence Day, and       we are strongly optimistic that
contest from 3,548 candidates.       work and I would suggest that     the Water Festival to proceed      our nation can achieve to-
I am sure you all have made          more efforts and resources        in a safe and joyous manner        gether the vision of building
personal best effort to pass the     should be made available for      with roughly 4 millions peo-       Cambodia to become a coun-
test.                                this kind of training. Only by    ple taking part. I have sought     try with peace, political stabil-
                                     doing so we will have techni-     the agreement from HM the          ity, security, social order and
I would urge you to under-           cians and researchers like in     King that we have to try and       sustainable and equitable de-
stand that it is not an end in       other countries. Research will    make the Water Festival one        velopment, as well as strictly
itself just to have passed the       provide us insights to any        of the best events because         respecting the principles of
test to get the scholarship. It is   disciplines and invention from    unlike other events, this is the   liberal multi-party democracy,
indeed just the beginning. It        them will be sold to technical    only one that brings our peo-      human rights and dignity,
should not be assumed that           companies who will have to        ple from countryside to the        having interconnected cells
achieving scholarship is auto-       pay for intellectual property.    city.                              and highly educated citizens
matic to have finished the           That is why I urge you to                                            living in harmony in the soci-
tertiary education. You have         produce your own and not to       Remarks on Rumors and              ety and family. All of these
to make further efforts in your      plagiarize as it will not be      Political Developments             aspects will contribute
study until you get to finish        staying with you. Leaders are     It has been rumored that there     to ensure national independ-
the bachelor or master de-           the same, when they do not        will be a change of Phnom          ency and sovereignty and will
grees. Even when you have            have their assistants with        Penh Mayor. I got a call from      upgrade the Kingdom of
finished your doctorate de-          them they do not know how         the Minister of Information        Cambodia’s image in the in-
gree, you should go on in the                (Continued on page 4)     from Kompong Cham. Who             ternational arena...■

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