VIEWS: 11 PAGES: 69 POSTED ON: 10/6/2011
Danish Environmental Protection Agency Financial Resource Mobilisation for Implementation of the Strategic Plan for the Basel Convention Part II - Fact Sheets on Possible Funding Sources for Waste Management March 2004 Financial Resource Mobilisation for Implementation of the Strategic Plan for the Basel Convention - Fact Sheets 2 Danish Environmental Protection Agency Financial Resource Mobilisation for Implementation of the Strategic Plan for the Basel Convention Part II - Fact Sheets on Possible Funding Sources for Waste Management March 2004 Report no. 58231-2 Issue no. 02 Date of issue March 2004 Prepared AEJ, BIM, EB, HHU Checked APA Approved HHU . Financial Resource Mobilisation for Implementation of the Strategic Plan for the Basel Convention - Fact Sheets 3 Table of Contents 1 Fact sheets on Possible Funding Sources for Waste Management 5 1.1 Introduction 5 1.2 International Development Banks 7 1.2.1 Asian Development Bank (ADB) 7 1.2.2 Central American Bank for Economic Integration (CABEI) 10 1.2.3 Council of Europe Development Bank (CEB) 13 1.2.4 European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD) 15 1.2.5 European Investment Bank (EIB) 17 1.2.6 Inter-American Development Bank 20 1.2.7 International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD) 23 1.2.8 Nordic Investment Bank 26 1.3 International Development Funds 28 1.3.1 International Development Association 28 1.4 Multilateral Grant Donors (EU) 31 1.4.1 CARDS Programme 31 1.4.2 European Development Fund (EDF) 33 1.4.3 Instrument for Structural Policies for Pre-accession (ISPA) 36 1.4.4 MEDA Programme 38 1.4.5 TACIS 40 1.5 Multilateral Grant Donors (UN) 43 1.5.1 United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) 43 1.5.2 United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) 45 1.6 Multilateral Grant Donors (Other) 47 1.6.1 Global Environment Facility (GEF) 47 1.7 Bilateral Donor Agencies 51 1.7.1 Canadian International Development Agency (CIDA) 51 1.7.2 Danish International Development Assistance (Danida) 54 1.7.3 Department for International Development (DFID) 56 1.7.4 Deutsche Gesellschaft für Technische Zusammenarbeit (GTZ) GmbH 58 1.7.5 Direction Générale de la Coopération Internationale et du Développement (DGCID) 60 1.7.6 Japan International Co-operation Agency (JICA) 62 1.7.7 Japan Bank for International Cooperation (JBIC) 64 1.7.8 U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) 67 . Financial Resource Mobilisation for Implementation of the Strategic Plan for the Basel Convention - Fact Sheets 4 Table of Appendices Appendix 1 List of International Financing Institutions . Financial Resource Mobilisation for Implementation of the Strategic Plan for the Basel Convention - Fact Sheets 5 1 Fact sheets on Possible Funding Sources for Waste Management 1.1 Introduction In addition to the Guidance Note on Financial Resource Mobilisation for Implementation of the Strategic Plan for the Basel Convention (Part I), fact sheets for important international sources of funding have been prepared. The fact sheets are intended to provide key information about the financing institution or programme to a broad target group by providing an overview of: • The strategies and priorities of the funding sources with particular focus on regions/countries and waste-related issues; • The main types of financing offered (only sub-programmes or specific small windows of financing that are of relevance to waste management are mentioned); • Key information on access to funding as seen from the point of view of the recipient countries. The fact sheets provide a snapshot of the situation as per September 2003,1 however, priorities and modalities of the financing institutions change over time. It is therefore advisable always to check with the websites of the financing institutions to get the latest information and to contact the institutions directly to discuss concrete projects and funding possibilities at an early stage. The fact sheets are presented with reference to the categories presented in Part I of the Guidance Note, Chapter 3: • International development banks; • International development funds; • Multilateral grant donors; and 1 The information provided in the fact sheets was collected from the websites of the rele- vant institutions. Following the Second Session of the OEWG in November 2003, Parties and others were invited to provide comments and information on their bilateral assistance. As per 22 March 2004 such information or comments have not yet been received. . Financial Resource Mobilisation for Implementation of the Strategic Plan for the Basel Convention - Fact Sheets 6 • Bilateral donor agencies. As regards bilateral agencies, only a selected number of fact sheets have been prepared. For a quick overview, Annex 1 of this Part II contains a table covering all the financing institutions (except bilateral) for which fact sheets have been elaborated as well as some additional sources with a more limited role in relation to financing of projects in the waste sector. Furthermore, reference is made to the draft UNITAR/IOMC Guidance Note on Financial Resources Mobilisation,2 which contains a number of fact sheets for bilateral sources of funding. 2 UNITAR/IOMC: "Financial Resource Mobilisation for the Sound Management of Chemicals", Working Draft, July 2001. . Financial Resource Mobilisation for Implementation of the Strategic Plan for the Basel Convention - Fact Sheets 7 1.2 International Development Banks 1.2.1 Asian Development Bank (ADB) 1 Introduction The Asian Development Bank is a lending institution for the developing countries in the Asian region. In 2002, ADB approved 89 loans and four equity investments valued at USD 5.7 billion. For technical assistance (TA) operations, ADB approved 324 TAs valued at USD 178.7 million. The Asian Development Fund (ADF) is ADB's "concessional" or "soft-loan" window and is funded by ADB's donor member countries. At 31 December 2001, total contributed ADF resources amounted to USD 18.18 billion. ADF has been replenished seven times and the current ADF period (ADF VIII) covers the period 2001-2004. 2 Support to Waste Related Sectors The overall objective of ADB is poverty reduction, focusing on promotion of pro-poor, sustainable economic growth, social development, and good governance. The Bank's Poverty Reduction Strategy recognises that environmental sustainability is a prerequisite for pro-poor economic growth and efforts to reduce poverty. Environmental sustainability is also one of three crosscutting themes of the Banks Long Term Strategic Framework 2001-2015 (LTSF). The Bank has an environmental policy, documented in a policy paper from 2002 (available on the website). The Environment Policy is grounded in ADB's Poverty Reduction Strategy and LTSF. The Policy emphasises a number of priority areas of which the ones below are the most relevant in relation to the waste sector: • Environmental quality improvement, with a special focus on urban environment and health, encompassing support for environmental infrastructure, including waste management (solid, and hazardous waste) and support for industrial pollution projects. • Capacity building within environmental management, focusing on environmental planning and policy, data and information management, regulatory systems and environmental governance. • Playing a facilitating role in the context of multilateral environmental agreements (MEAs), including treaties, conventions, and protocols, particularly to support its regional cooperative efforts. The Basel Convention on the Control of Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and their Disposal, and the Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs) are both mentioned among the MEAs, which are relevant for ADB support. Of the total approved lending in 2002 (USD 5.6 billion), 4.5% or about USD 250 million was allocated for environmental protection projects. In the planned allocations for 2003 environmental protection projects is allocated 8% of total lending. The ADB is a member of the Global Environment Facility (GEF). The policy, adopted by GEF in May 1999 on Expanded Opportunities for Regional Development Banks, allows ADB to blend its own resources for sustainable development at the country level with GEF grant resources allocated to address global environmental issues. The GEF is described in a separate fact sheet. 3 Co-operation Countries and Regions The ADB provides support to its developing member countries, which are classified into three groups, which determine their eligibility for ordinary Bank funding and funding from ADF, respectively. Group A includes countries with very low per capita GNP and limited debt-repayment capacity and are fully eligible . Financial Resource Mobilisation for Implementation of the Strategic Plan for the Basel Convention - Fact Sheets 8 for ADF financing. Group B includes lower middle-income countries at intermediate levels of economic development and with increasing capacity to service their debt and are eligible for limited amounts of ADF funding in particular circumstances. Group C includes upper middle-income and high-income countries with relatively high debt-repayment capacity, which are only eligible for Bank funding. Borrowers comprise the following countries: • Group A: Bhutan, Cambodia, Lao, Maldives, Nepal, Kyrgyz Republic, Mongolia, Tajikistan, Kiribati, Samoa, Solomon Islands, Tuvalu, Vanuatu • Group B: Cook Islands, Marshall Islands, Tonga, Bangladesh, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Viet Nam, Indonesia • Group C: Afghanistan, China, Fiji Islands, Hong Kong China, India, Kazakhstan, Korea, Malaysia, Micronesia, Myanmar, Nauru, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Singapore, Taipei China, Thailand, Timor-Leste, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan. • In addition, East Timor and Azerbaijan are new borrowers and are eligible for ADF funding. 4 Organisations Supported The four categories of eligible borrowers are (i) a member country of the Bank; (ii) an agency, instrumentality, or political subdivision of a member country; (iii) an entity or enterprise operating in the territory of a member country; and (iv) an international or regional agency or entity concerned with the economic development of the region. 5 Type of Financial Assistance Provided The ADB extends loans and equity investments to its developing member countries and provides technical assistance for the planning and execution of development projects and programs and for advisory services. Most ADB financing is designed to support specific projects, but ADB also provides other lending modalities such as technical assistance loans; credit lines; program, sector, sector development program, and private sector loans. • Program loans are given by the Bank to assist in developing a sector (or subsector) as a whole and improving a sector's performance through appropriate policy and institutional improvements over the medium to long term. • Sector lending is for project-related investments. The purpose of a sector loan is to assist in the development of a specific sector or subsector by financing a part of the investment in the sector. • A sector development program (SDP) is a combination of an investment (project or sector) and a policy- based (program) loan as well as, where appropriate, attached technical assistance (TA). The SDP is not a separate lending modality, but represents a combination of policy and investment-based assistance. Lending terms for ADB loans include a market-based interest rate, commitment fee and front-end fee. The repayment term is based mainly on the economic life of the project. The financial condition of the borrowing entity and the revenue-earning capacity of the project may also be taken into account. Subject to these primary project considerations, the repayment period will depend on the debt-service capacity of the borrowing country. The grace period will depend mainly on the time needed for the project to become operational but may be modified to reflect country considerations. ADF loans carry very low interest rates. For project loans (i.e., other than quick-disbursing program loans) the terms are: 32-year repayment period including an 8-year grace period. For quick-disbursing program loans the terms are: 24-year repayment period including an 8-year grace period. There is no commitment fee associated with ADF-financed loans. . Financial Resource Mobilisation for Implementation of the Strategic Plan for the Basel Convention - Fact Sheets 9 6 Project Size and Co-financing Requirements ADB actively promotes co-financing, defined as financing mobilised from sources other than the borrower or project sponsors to augment its own assistance, with funds from commercial financial institutions, official funding agencies and export credit agencies. For every dollar lent by ADB in 2002, an additional 50 cents was mobilised through co-financing operations. There is no information regarding specific minimum requirements as to project size. The average project size in 2002 was USD 64 million for all lending types. 7 Access to Assistance ADB formulates operational strategies for individual countries, including economic and policy analyses, and undertakes country performance reviews which provide a basis for policy dialogue with the governments of developing member countries. ADB develops Country Strategy and Programs which include identification of individual technical assistance and loan projects and programs. A project loan is normally not taken up for processing unless it forms part of the Bank's country assistance plan (CAP) for the DMC. The Bank assists its DMCs in the formulation and, if necessary, reformulation of projects so that viable projects may eventually result. The resident missions are responsible for country programming, project and technical assistance processing, and portfolio management and project administration and should be addressed to discuss any project ideas. There are resident missions in 16 countries and one regional resident mission (contact details available on the website). 8 Other Information None 9 Contact Details Headquarters: 6 ADB Avenue, Mandaluyong City 0401 Metro Manila, Philippines Mailing Address: P.O. Box 789 0980 Manila, Philippines Tel: + 632 632 4444 Fax: + 632 636 2444 There are 24 other offices around the world. The contact details can be found on the website. 10 Information Sources Website: www.adb.org . Financial Resource Mobilisation for Implementation of the Strategic Plan for the Basel Convention - Fact Sheets 10 1.2.2 Central American Bank for Economic Integration (CABEI) 1 Introduction The Central American Bank for Economic Integration (CABEI) is the development bank of the region. It was established to promote the integration and balanced economic and social development of the Central American countries. To that end, it supports public and private programs and projects that generate productive employment and contribute to improving productivity and competitiveness, as well as raising the human development indices of the region. From its founding through March 1999, CABEI has approved 1,763 loans for a total of USD 5,238.4 million, 85% of which have been disbursed. 2 Support to Waste Related Sectors Infrastructure and environmental sustainability are among the priority areas of attention: Infrastructure: The construction, rehabilitation and modernization of the highway infrastructure and rural roads, which connect production centers and markets. The elimination of obstacles to trade and competition in the transport sector and the development of energy production. Environmental Sustainability: a) Participate in the CTO (Oxygen Transfer) market; b) Collaborate in programs, which mitigate climate change and promote clean production processes; and c) Contribute to energy conservation. Under the heading of sustainable development, three areas of action are emphasised: • Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises. It provides credit and technical assistance through banks, finance companies or Non-government Organizations (NGOs). • Environment. It finances environmental projects, channelling resources from a special fund devoted to that purpose. It promotes projects involving water shed management and protection, energy conservation and development of energy sources, climate change and bio-diversity, environmental education and legislation and others related to Sustainable Development. • Social Development. It channels resources for programs targeted at poverty reduction, education, health care, integral rural development and housing, as well as providing financing for Municipalities. 3 Co-operation Countries and Regions Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua and Costa Rica. 4 Organisations Supported Governments, Autonomous centralized and/or decentralized Institutions, Private Investors, Private Banks, State Banks, Financial Institutions, Micro, small and mid- size enterprises (through Financial Intermediaries), Municipalities or Town Councils (through Financial Intermediaries), Service providing municipal enterprises, Community or development associations, Regional or Central American organizations, and Non Government Organizations. . Financial Resource Mobilisation for Implementation of the Strategic Plan for the Basel Convention - Fact Sheets 11 5 Type of Financial Assistance Provided CABEI provides the following main types of loans. 6 Financial Intermediation through Commercial Banks and other Financial Intermediaries Both public and private banks and other intermediary institutions approved by the Bank‘s Credit Division can participate in this mechanism to intermediate its resources. Acting as a second floor bank, CABEI provides resources to the participating financial intermediaries, and they, in turn, finance private sector projects. 7 Co-financing When a financial intermediary is unable to provide total financing due to the project‘s size, limited borrowing capacity or legal constraints, CABEI can provide direct financing for private sector projects. 8 Public Sector Financing Under this mechanism CABEI channels resources to projects carried out by the Central American governments or autonomous institutions. The credit applications must be backed by a sovereign guarantee or the generic guarantee of the autonomous institution. 9 Other Mechanisms CABEI is presently exploring the use of innovative financial mechanisms, in order to provide financial solutions adapted to the particular needs of each project. According to the operative and financial structure of CABEI, the resources are channeled through different financial funds, including the following: • The Ordinary Fund, which is used to take care of pre-investment requirements or investment in industrial, agricultural or service projects, among others, especially in the private productive sector. • The Central American Fund for Economic Integration, by means of which financing is provided to the governments, regional organizations, municipalities, autonomous institutions, and mixed economy businesses, to enable them to carry out transportation, telecommunications, energy, technical education, management of natural resources, storage, and basic, social, and tourism infrastructure projects. • The Financial Fund for Housing, by means of which resources are channeled to financial institutions for urban development and construction of housing projects. • The Special Fund for the Promotion of Central American Exports (FEPEX) and the Special Fund for the Strengthening of Central American Exports (FOEXCA), by means of which CABEI acts as a fiduciary to channel the resources from the European Union to strengthen the export capacity of the region. • The Fund for Technical Cooperation, by means of which resources are channeled for the development of studies and projects of great regional significance to support the Bank's credit activity. • The Regional Fund for the Conversion of External Debt, by means of which the exchange of debt for projects in areas that are priorities for social development, such as education, is facilitated. • The Central American Fund for the Environment, by means of which resources are captured and channelled for the protection of the environment and the rational use of the natural resources. . Financial Resource Mobilisation for Implementation of the Strategic Plan for the Basel Convention - Fact Sheets 12 10 Project Size and Co-financing Requirements For private sector loans: Up to 50% of the amount of the project is financed. A minimum of 25% can be financed by the financial intermediary‘s own resources or with CABEI resources, and the remaining 25% must be provided by the investor. For public sector projects up to 90% of the total amount of the investment can be financed. In special cases, such as Social Development programs this percentage can be increased. The percentage to be financed will be determined by CABEI, taking into account the debt capacity of the financial intermediary and the project with regard to the amount to be financed. The amount of CABEI participation must be sufficient to ensure proper project execution with its own resources or those provided by CABEI. Said financing will not exceed 75% of the total investment required for the project. The portion of the credit that CABEI provides must be guaranteed by the intermediary itself and not by the user. However the direct portion that CABEI provides must be guaranteed by the entity in charge of the project. CABEI can share guarantees with the participating Financial Institutions. 11 Access to Assistance To obtain intermediated credit, a client can: • Go to a CABEI approved commercial bank in his/her country to request information about how to apply for credit with CABEI funds. • Alternately, the client can go to the Bank‘s offices in the given country to obtain information about available CABEI resources and be provided with the names of approved commercial banks. To obtain direct/co-financed credit a client should go to the CABEI Office in his/her country of origin to obtain the eligibility requirements and the appropriate procedures for obtaining a loan. For public sector financing: The application must be supported by a feasibility study carried out according to the guidelines established by CABEI, which can be obtained at the Regional Offices located in Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua and Costa Rica. 12 Other Information None. 13 Contact Details The Regional Offices represent the Central American Bank of Economic Integration in each of the five funding countries of the bank. They are located in Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua and Costa Rica. They maintain direct and permanent contact with clients, promoting and defining operational strategies for each country. Additionally, they analyze credit for financial intermediaries and administer the credits in coordination with the Credit Division. The contact details of each regional office is available on the website. 14 Information Sources Website: http://www.bcie.org/cabei/ . Financial Resource Mobilisation for Implementation of the Strategic Plan for the Basel Convention - Fact Sheets 13 1.2.3 Council of Europe Development Bank (CEB) 1 Introduction The Bank provides loans to European countries for the financing of social projects, responds to emergency situations and aims to improve living conditions and social cohesion in the less advantaged regions of Europe. In 2002, projects amounting to Euro 1.6 billion were approved. 2 Support to Waste Related Sectors Protection of the environment is not a key priority, but is mentioned among other fields of action and constituted 13% (or Euro 208.5 million) of projects approved in 2002. Social infrastructures related to protection of the environment, including treatment of solid waste, reduction and recycling of waste is specifically mentioned hereunder. 3 Co-operation Countries and Regions Council of Europe Member States: Albania, Holy See, Poland, Belgium, Hungary, Portugal, Bulgaria, Iceland, Romania, Croatia, Italy, San-Marino, Cyprus, Latvia, , Czech Republic, Liechtenstein, Slovenia, Denmark, Lithuania, Spain, Estonia, Luxembourg, Sweden, Finland, Malta, Switzerland, France, Moldova, The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Germany, Netherlands, Turkey, Greece, and Norway. 4 Organisations Supported Council of Europe member state governments and local authorities as well as other financing institutions are eligible. No private person or enterprise is entitled to obtain a loan from the Bank. Applications for loans should be submitted and approved by the relevant member state government. 5 Type of Financial Assistance Provided The Bank provides: • loans, paid over either directly to the borrowers responsible for implementation of the projects (states, local authorities), or to financial institutions in the case of projects grouping together several beneficiaries (SMPs). • guarantees, within the framework of loan operations carried out by other financing sources. Loans are provided with a market-based interest rate with up to 15 (exceptionally 20) years repayment period and up to five years grace period. Loans are provided for two types of projects: • individual projects characterised by a single borrower and a single project manager, • sector-based multi-project programmes (SMPs), grouping together more than one project for operations in one or more of the Bank's fields of action. 6 Project Size and Co-financing Requirements Financing is provided for up to 50% of the total investment. 7 Access to Assistance The loan applications are presented by the member states. Hence, borrowers first have to obtain approval of the project from the government of the country concerned. The project is based on a presentation file (or feasibility report): this describes the project's socio-economic impact as well as its technical aspects and gives details of the cost of the projected investment, the . Financial Resource Mobilisation for Implementation of the Strategic Plan for the Basel Convention - Fact Sheets 14 financing plan, the share of financing requested of the Bank, the procedures envisaged for monitoring the project and the guarantees provided. The CEB's various departments can assist the applicant body in preparing the file, and in particular with: • formulating the social needs and the purpose of the project; • describing the elements to be included in the request for financing; • formally drafting the file to be presented. 8 Other Information Projects must be in accordance with council of Europe conventions. 9 Contact Details The CEB has one central office and there are no offices in the member states. 55, Avenue Kleber F-75784 Paris Cedex 16 France Tel: +33 (0)1 47 55 55 92 Fax: +33 (0)1 47 55 37 68 10 Information Sources Website: www.coebank.org . Financial Resource Mobilisation for Implementation of the Strategic Plan for the Basel Convention - Fact Sheets 15 1.2.4 European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD) 1 Introduction The EBRD was established in 1991 to support central and eastern Europe and ex-soviet countries in the transition towards a market-based economy. The purpose of the EBRD is to foster transition towards open market-oriented economies and to promote private and entrepreneurial initiatives in the central and eastern European countries. EBRD provides loans, equities and guarantees for large projects in 27 countries from central Europe to central Asia. 2 Support to Waste Related Sectors The Bank's environmental policy (second revision approved in April 2003) recognises that sustainable development is among the highest priorities of the EBRD's activities. The policy also states that the EBRD will attach particular importance to promoting energy and resource efficiency, waste reduction, redevelopment of ―brownfield‖ sites, renewable resources and resource recovery, recycling, and the use of cleaner production in the projects it finances. Municipal and environmental infrastructure is among the sectors prioritised. The EBRD has invested some EUR 1.5 billion in municipal and environmental infrastructure in 57 projects (as of December 31 2002). In 2002, the EBRD provided financing of more than EUR 558 million in support of 13 projects to improve municipal infrastructure and energy efficiency. 3 Co-operation Countries and Regions Albania, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Estonia, Georgia, Hungary, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyz Republic, Latvia, Lithuania, FYR Macedonia, Moldova, Poland, Romania, Russia, Serbia and Montenegro, Slovak Republic, Slovenia, Tajikistan, , Turkmenistan, Ukraine and Uzbekistan. 4 Organisations Supported The EBRD works primarily with the private sector. It also works with publicly owned companies, to support privatisation, restructuring state-owned firms and improvement of municipal services. 5 Type of Financial Assistance Provided The EBRD provides loans, equity investment, and guarantees directly for large projects. Lending for large investment projects is provided with market-based interest rate, repayment period up to 15 years and grace period up to 3 years. The EBRD also operates credit lines with financial intermediaries for smaller loan operations. To give entrepreneurs and small firms greater access to finance, the EBRD supports financial intermediaries, such as local commercial banks, micro-business banks, equity funds and leasing facilities. Investment criteria are consistent with EBRD policy, but financial intermediaries make independent decisions about which small and medium enterprises (SMEs) they fund. 6 Project Size and Co-financing Requirements For large investment projects, the minimum lending amount is EUR 5 million. The EBRD finances up to 35% of the total project cost and higher if there is a state guarantee. The borrower is required to provide a minimum of 15% of the total investment. . Financial Resource Mobilisation for Implementation of the Strategic Plan for the Basel Convention - Fact Sheets 16 7 Access to Assistance A loan application must be submitted by the borrower to the head office or local offices. The Bank prepares country strategies, which set the framework for the operations in each country. The strategy defines the main areas prioritised and should be consulted in the process of preparing an application. The application must be based on a business plan. The Bank has a financing form on the website, which may be filled in with information about a prospective project and submitted for further consideration. The EBRD can provide limited guidance and assistance to project preparation. 8 Other Information None. 9 Contact Details EBRD One Exchange Square London EC2A 2JN United Kingdom Switchboard tel: +44 20 7338 6000 Central fax: +44 20 7338 6100 The EBRD has local offices in a number of countries. Contact details are available on the website. 10 Information Sources Website: www.ebrd.com . Financial Resource Mobilisation for Implementation of the Strategic Plan for the Basel Convention - Fact Sheets 17 1.2.5 European Investment Bank (EIB) 1 Introduction The EIB is the European Union's financing institution, providing loans to EU countries towards financing capital projects according with the objectives of the EU. Outside the EU the EIB implements the financial components of agreements concluded under EU's development aid and cooperation policies. 2 Support to Waste Related Sectors According to the Corporate Operational Plan for 2002-2004, lending activity is geared to five operational priorities, of which environmental protection and improving the quality of life is one. The Bank has set the target of providing between a quarter and one third of individual loans within the European Union for projects safeguarding and improving the environment, with a similar percentage to be applied in the EU Accession Countries. Where the environment is concerned, the EIB‘s objectives are to: • Preserve, protect and improve the quality of the environment; • Protect human health; • Ensure the prudent and rational utilisation of natural resources; • Promote measures at an international level to deal with regional or worldwide environmental problems. In financing any investment, the EIB applies the core environmental management principles of ―prevention‖, ―precaution‖ and ―the polluter pays‖, as called for in EU policy. The EIB targets environmental projects in four main fields, of which one is natural environment and nature protection, including municipal and hazardous waste management and ―eco-efficiency‖ in industrial processes and products (to conserve resources and minimise the generation of waste). Lending for projects that contribute towards safeguarding the environment and improving the quality of life, both within and outside the European Union, totalled some EUR 9 billion in 2001. Finance worth EUR 561.7 million in all was provided for projects for solid and hazardous waste, with most activities in EU countries and accession countries. In the Accession Countries, lending for projects to protect the environment and improve the quality of life came to EUR 484 million, representing about 20% of aggregate individual loans. In the Euro- Mediterranean Partnership Countries, EUR 580 million devoted to financing the environment. Following a resolution of the Stockholm European Council, the Bank is to finance environmental projects with a European dimension in the St Petersburg and Kaliningrad regions (Russia) under a new EUR 100 million financing facility coming under the "Northern Dimension Environmental Partnership". The EIB participates in the METAP programme (see Appendix 1). 3 Co-operation Countries and Regions The EIB directs the bulk of its activity (85%) towards promoting the European economy. In addition, in the context of the EU‘s development aid and cooperation policies, it operates in over 150 countries outside the Union: in the countries seeking EU membership, the Balkans, the Mediterranean Partnership countries, Africa, the Caribbean and the Pacific as well as Asia and Latin America. 4 Organisations Supported The EIB lends to: • private or public companies . Financial Resource Mobilisation for Implementation of the Strategic Plan for the Basel Convention - Fact Sheets 18 • public authorities • commercial banks • international or national development finance institutions 5 Type of Financial Assistance Provided The EIB provides long term loans (4 to 20 years) of two types: Individual loans for large capital investment projects and global loans for small and medium-sized operations. Global loans are loans to other financial institutions (regional/national), which can subsequently lend for smaller operations. The loans are provided with interest rates on market terms. The repayment period may be up to 12 years for industrial projects, and 20 years for infrastructure projects, or more in exceptional cases. Grace periods for capital repayment may be obtained for the construction phase of the project. Generally, neither processing, commitment nor any other fees are charged. For projects aiming to rectify environmental degradation in the Mediterranean Partner Countries, EIB's loans can receive a 3% interest subsidy financed from the EU budget. 6 Project Size and Co-financing Requirements The EIB acts as a complementary source of finance. Individual loans are provided for amounts over EUR 25 million and covering up to 50% of the investment costs. Global loans are provided for amounts above 20,000 EUR and below 25 million. There is an active liaison between the Bank and DG Environment of the European Commission and the EIB provides co-financing of environmental projects through various EU programmes, such as ISPA, the European Regional Development Fund and the Cohesion Fund. 7 Access to Assistance There is no standard procedure, official application form, questionnaire or required documentation for a first presentation of a project to the Bank. Initial contacts to discuss a proposed project can be in any form, by telephone, fax, e-mail or letter. For such first contacts, the project promoter should provide sufficient information to allow verification of compliance of the investment with EIB‘s objectives and have a well- developed business plan. It is desirable for projects to be presented to the Bank at the earliest possible stage, especially in the case of infrastructure schemes and projects mounted under public-private partnerships. In all cases, the EIB gives promoters a rapid response based on its knowledge of each country‘s economic and financial context. At this stage the Bank checks whether the project envisaged meets its fundamental criteria, notably regarding eligibility, scale, sources of additional finance and economic sector. 8 Other Information None. . Financial Resource Mobilisation for Implementation of the Strategic Plan for the Basel Convention - Fact Sheets 19 9 Contact Details Information and Communications Department Secretariat General 100 boulevard Konrad Adenauer L-2950 Luxembourg Tel.: +352 43 79 31 22 Fax: +352 43 79 31 89 Specific contact information for country or region-specific desk managers is provided on the website. 10 Information Sources Website: www.eib.org . Financial Resource Mobilisation for Implementation of the Strategic Plan for the Basel Convention - Fact Sheets 20 1.2.6 Inter-American Development Bank 1 Introduction The Inter-American Development Bank provides financial assistance to help accelerate economic and social development in Latin America and the Caribbean. In addition to the Bank, the IDB Group consists of the Inter-American Investment Corporation (IIC) and the Multilateral Investment Fund (MIF). The IIC, an autonomous affiliate of the Bank, was established to promote the economic development of the region by financing small and medium-scale private enterprises. The MIF was created in 1992 to promote investment reforms and to stimulate private-sector development. The Bank also has a Fund for Special Operations for lending on concessional terms for projects in countries classified as economically less developed. Over the course of 2002, the IADB committed USD 4.55 billion in 86 loan operations. Out of this, 24 loans totalling USD 406 million was from the Fund for Special Operations. The Bank also financed 336 technical cooperation projects totalling USD 65.4 million. 2 Support to Waste Related Sectors The IADB has committed to the Millennium Development Goals, agreed to by 189 nations in 2002 at the United Nations Millennium Summit. The goals include ensuring environmental sustainability as one out of 7 main goals. The Bank approved an environmental strategy in July 2003. The strategy emphasises three areas for Bank action, one of which is environment and social development. In this area, health and environment, and, in particular, urban environment is highlighted. The Bank has a Sustainable Development Department and a special section for urban environment and pollution control. Environmental projects have accounted for 10 percent of total Bank lending in recent years, including financings for environmental health, control of industrial pollution, protection of natural resources, sustainable development, renewable energy, and institutional strengthening. 3 Co-operation Countries and Regions All developing member countries in South America (Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Paraguay, Peru, Uruguay, Venezuela), Central America (Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Panama) and Latin America (Bahamas, Barbados, Dominican Republic, Guyana, Haiti, Jamaica, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago) as well as Mexico. 4 Organisations Supported The Bank may make loans or provide loan guarantees to any member country, any political subdivision or government organisation unit thereof, any independent agency, semi-public enterprise, or private enterprise in the territory of a member country, regional organisations composed of member countries, and to the Caribbean Development Bank. The political subdivisions of a country include states, provinces, and municipalities, and decentralised government organisations such as State banks, development corporations, public utility companies, universities, and the like, that are legally empowered to enter into loan contracts with the Bank. Any company in which the government has a proprietary interest of more than 50% is considered to be a public sector company. Private enterprises, in whatever their form of organisation, must have the legal capacity to enter into loan contracts with the Bank. Among the private undertakings that may be eligible to become borrowers from the Bank are corporations, other commercial companies, cooperatives, foundations, and the like. . Financial Resource Mobilisation for Implementation of the Strategic Plan for the Basel Convention - Fact Sheets 21 The Bank provides technical assistance to its developing member countries, and sub-regional or regional technical cooperation. The following institutions of the borrowing member countries of the Bank are eligible to receive technical assistance: • National governments and their political subdivisions. • The rest of the public sector, nongovernmental organisations (NGOs), and private entities with the legal authority to borrow funds and receive technical assistance. • Regional and sub-regional organisations composed of member countries that are beneficiaries of Bank operations. 5 Type of Financial Assistance Provided The Bank is authorised to assist in the financing of development projects in its regional developing member countries by means of the following types of operations: • Loans; • Technical cooperation; • Assistance in obtaining additional external financing to meet project needs; • Guarantees extended by the IDB for loans from other sources. Loans are provided with interest rates on market terms for the following types of operations: • Loans for Specific Projects are designed to finance one or more specific projects or subprojects. • Loans for Multiple Works Programs are designed to finance groups of similar works which are physically independent of each other. • Global Credit Loans are granted to intermediary financial institutions (IFIs) or similar agencies in the borrowing countries to enable them to on-lend to end-borrowers. • Sector Adjustment Loans provide flexible support for institutional and policy changes on the sector or sub-sector level. • The Project Preparation Facility provides funding for supplementary activities necessary to prepare a project. • Direct Lending to the Private Sector, without sovereign guarantees, in each instance with the concurrence of the government of the member country. At the outset, this financing would be targeted exclusively towards infrastructure and public utility projects providing services usually performed by the public sector. The Bank finances technical cooperation activities to transfer technical know-how and expertise for the purpose of supplementing and strengthening the technical capacity of entities in the developing member countries. It may take one of the following forms: • Technical cooperation with Non-Reimbursable Funding, which is a subsidy granted by the Bank to a developing member country to finance technical cooperation activities. • Technical cooperation with Contingent-Recovery Resources, whereby the Bank finances technical cooperation activities where there exists a reasonable possibility of a loan, in which case, the borrower is obligated to reimburse the funding received from the Bank. • Technical cooperation with Reimbursable Resources, which is a loan financed by the Bank to carry out technical cooperation activities. The Bank can guarantee loans made by private financial sources to public and private sectors. The Bank can provide guarantees with or without counter-guarantees of the borrowing country's government. Guarantees to private sector lenders without government counter-guarantee of the borrowing country, in whose territory the project is to be carried out, will not exceed 25% of the total cost of the project or $75 million, whichever is less. The guarantees could be used for any kind of investment project, although the initial emphasis in guarantee operations will be on infrastructure projects. . Financial Resource Mobilisation for Implementation of the Strategic Plan for the Basel Convention - Fact Sheets 22 6 Project Size and Co-financing Requirements No requirements specified. 7 Access to Assistance The framework for the Bank's operations in each country is established in country papers (CP) whose objectives are to establish the Bank's operational strategy for the country and define the programming guidelines for the dialogue with the local authorities. The CP analyses the strategy and the development and investment policies of each borrowing country; assesses its development needs and constraints and defines the Bank's objectives, including its general and sectoral strategy for the country. The CP is the main instrument used by the Bank to define the financial assistance and technical cooperation it will be providing to its borrowing member countries. The document includes the Operations Annex which identifies the projects to be considered by the Bank in the country during the following twelve months. Project ideas should be referred to the relevant country office. 8 Other Information None 9 Contact Details 1300 New York Avenue, NW Washington, DC 20577 United States of America Tel: (1) 202-623-1000 The Bank has a number of country offices (contact details available at website). 10 Information Sources Website: www.iadb.org . Financial Resource Mobilisation for Implementation of the Strategic Plan for the Basel Convention - Fact Sheets 23 1.2.7 International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD) 1 Introduction The IBRD is one among several World Bank organisations. It is a lending institution providing low-interest loans to higher-income developing countries - some of which can borrow from commercial sources, but generally only at very high interest rates. In fiscal 2002 IBRD provided loans totalling USD 11.5 billion in support of 96 projects in 40 countries. 2 Support to Waste Related Sectors The World Bank has committed to the Millennium Development Goals, agreed to by 189 nations in 2002 at the United Nations Millennium Summit. The goals include ensuring environmental sustainability as one out of 7 main goals. In 2001, the World Bank endorsed an Environment Strategy to guide the Bank's actions in the environment area, particularly over the next five years. The strategy sets out three overall objectives: 1) improving the quality of life, 2) improving the quality of growth, and 3) protecting the quality of the regional and global commons. Some overall sectoral priorities are also emphasised. These include, among others, environmental health and urban environment. Under the latter, waste management, particularly industrial and hospital waste, is mentioned. The environment strategy includes regional strategies, where the priorities under each of the overall objectives are indicated. The table below highlights the waste related priorities mentioned for each region. Region Waste related priorities mentioned in the strategy East Asia and Pacific Pollution management (water/air), ODS and POPs Europe and Central Asia Health threats from toxic substances, ODS Latin America and the Caribbean Health (solid and hazardous waste, toxic substances), clean production, ODS Middle East and North Africa Agricultural pollution/soil contamination. Urban pollution (waste management). South Asia Health (solid waste), ODS Sub-Saharan Africa Health (disposal and management of hazardous waste), urban development. There is no indicative budget for future activities within the environmental sector. However, since 1990, WB lending to environmental projects has increased substantially (from almost zero to about USD 7 billion in 2000). In 2002, projects approved by IBRD for urban development and natural resource management constituted 12% of the total and a total lending amount of USD 1.4 billion. 3 Co-operation Countries and Regions Eligibility for IBRD loans is determined on the basis of the creditworthiness of the country and a maximum per capita income. Exceptionally, other factors (such as size) may determine access to IBRD loans. As of mid 2003, the countries eligible for IBRD loans are those with a per capita income of less than USD 5,185. Information on countries eligible can be found on the website. . Financial Resource Mobilisation for Implementation of the Strategic Plan for the Basel Convention - Fact Sheets 24 4 Organisations Supported The IBRD may lend to (a) a member country; (b) a political subdivision of a member; and (c) any business, industrial, and agricultural enterprise in the territories of a member. The IBRD generally prefers to lend directly to the entity responsible for the implementation and operation of the project for which the loan is made. In this way, the Bank is better able to monitor the project's implementation efficiently and suggest corrective steps when there are shortcomings in project implementation. If the member in whose territories the project is located is not itself the borrower, the member must guarantee the payment of the principal and interest and other charges on the loan. Regional Organisations as Borrowers. IBRD may finance a project to be carried out by an enterprise owned jointly by two or more member countries or by public or private entities of such members. In this type of lending, IBRD requires either joint and several guarantees or several guarantees from the members in whose territories the project is located, as long as these guarantees together cover the total amount of the principal and interest and other charges on the loan. 5 Type of Financial Assistance Provided The IBRD offers two basic types of loans: investment loans for goods, works, and services, and adjustment loans, which provide quick-disbursing financing to support policy and institutional reforms. Regarding investment loans, the following types of loans are available: • Adaptable Program Loans (APLs) are designed to provide funding for a long-term development program through a series of operations. Authority for approval is with the Executive Directors for the first loan of each program and the long-term program agreement. • Emergency Recovery Loans are made to restore assets and productivity immediately after a major emergency (such as war, civil disturbance, or natural disaster) that seriously disrupts a member country's economy. • Financial Intermediary Loans support the development of financial institutions and provide funds to be channelled through intermediaries for general credit or for the development of specific sectors or subsectors. • Learning and Innovation Loans (LILs) are designed to support small, time-sensitive programs to build capacity, pilot promising initiatives, or to experiment with and develop locally-based models prior to large scale interventions. LILs are modest in size with each loan not exceeding $5 million. Approvals of LILs are at the management level rather than at the Executive Director level. • Sector Investment and Maintenance Loans are designed to bring investments, policies and performance in specific sectors or subsectors in line with agreed economic priorities. • Specific Investment Loans fund the creation of new productive assets or economic, social and institutional infrastructure or their rehabilitation to full capacity. • Technical Assistance Loans are designed to strengthen capacity in entities concerned with policies, strategies, and institutional reforms in such areas as public enterprise reform and divestiture, civil service and judicial reform, government budgetary management and the formulation of economic policy. The Bank essentially facilitates access to capital in larger volumes, on better terms, with longer maturities, and in a more sustainable manner than the market provides. Countries that borrow from IBRD have more time to repay than if they borrowed from a commercial bank—15 to 20 years with a three-to-five-year grace period before repayment of principal begins. A limited number of grants are available through the Bank, either funded directly or managed through partnerships. The 2003 budget is USD 157 million, covering 48 grant programs. The World Bank also . Financial Resource Mobilisation for Implementation of the Strategic Plan for the Basel Convention - Fact Sheets 25 administers some 850 donor trust funds disbursing more than USD 1 billion a year. In the environmental sector, the most important programme is the Global Environment Facility, which is described in a separate fact sheet. 6 Project size and Co-financing Requirements The IBRD does not operate with specific minimum or maximum requirements for project size or co- financing. 7 Access to Assistance IBRD assistance to countries takes place within the framework of the World Bank country assistance strategy for the given country, which defines the level and composition of assistance to be provided. Country assistance strategies usually cover a three-year period and are publicly available on the website, pending the borrowing government‘s consent. Project ideas should be discussed with the local World Bank representation for the given country for possible inclusion in the portfolio. 8 Other Information None. 9 Contact Details The World Bank 1818 H Street, N.W. Washington, DC 20433 U.S.A. tel: (202) 473-1000 fax: (202) 477-6391 For contacting more than 100 local representations in member countries refer to website. 10 Information Sources Website: www.worldbank.org . Financial Resource Mobilisation for Implementation of the Strategic Plan for the Basel Convention - Fact Sheets 26 1.2.8 Nordic Investment Bank 1 Introduction The NIB is a multilateral financing institution owned by the five Nordic countries (Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway, and Sweden). The NIB offers its clients loans and guarantees on market terms. The NIB finances projects which are of mutual interest for the Nordic countries and for the borrower. 2 Support to Waste Related Sectors The environment, including waste management, is a priority sector. Specifically, it is part of the strategy of the NIB to play an important role in the financing of environmental improvement investments in the Nordic countries and in the Baltic Sea and Barents Sea regions. The environmental policy of the NIB may be down-loaded from the website. During the period 1998-2002, the Bank has granted environmental loans totalling EUR 3.6 billion. In 2002, infrastructure for environmental protection, which includes waste management among other areas, accounted for 12% of loans outstanding. 3 Co-operation Countries and Regions NIB operates within the Nordic countries (Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway, and Sweden) in all emerging market countries, but priority is given to investments in the neighbouring areas to the Nordic region. The NIB is authorised to provide special environmental investment loans to environmental projects in these areas, i.e. Poland, the Kaliningrad area, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania and North West Russia (St. Petersburg, the Leningrad area, the Karelian Republic and the Barents region). 4 Organisations Supported Public and private organisations. 5 Type of Financial Assistance Provided The NIB provides medium to long term investment loans and guarantees. Loans are provided with market- based interest rates, a repayment period up to 20 years. Environmental loans are generally given special treatment, for example longer repayment periods, than other loans. In the neighbouring regions to the Nordic countries, the NIB has actively supported the development of national institutions to act as intermediaries for projects concerning the environment. This means that part of the lending for environmental purposes, including waste management, is channelled through these local institutions - often as smaller loans. 6 Project Size and Co-financing Requirements Loans are provided for up to 50% of the total project cost. 7 Access to Assistance The applicant should submit a loan application including project business plan and feasibility study. NIB provides guidance and, in some cases, assistance to borrowers in project preparation. The application can be submitted to the head office or the local offices (see below). 8 Other Information None. . Financial Resource Mobilisation for Implementation of the Strategic Plan for the Basel Convention - Fact Sheets 27 9 Contact Details Fabianinkatu 34 P.O. Box 249 FIN-00171 Helsinki Finland Tel: +358 9 18 001 Fax: +358 9 18 002 10 NIB has local offices in some countries. Details are available on the website. 10 Information Sources Website: www.nibank.org . Financial Resource Mobilisation for Implementation of the Strategic Plan for the Basel Convention - Fact Sheets 28 1.3 International Development Funds 1.3.1 International Development Association 1 Introduction The International Development Association, IDA, is the World Bank‘s concessional lending window. It provides long-term loans at zero interest to the poorest of the developing countries. IDA credits and grants make up about one-quarter of the World Bank‘s financial assistance. In fiscal 2002 IDA provided $8.1 billion in financing for 133 projects in 62 low-income countries. IDA is financed by a partnership of donors, who come together every three years to decide on the amount of new resources required to fund IDA‘s future lending program and to discuss lending policies and priorities. The most recent replenishment of the IDA trust fund meant $23 billion to poor countries over the three-year period which began on July 1, 2002. 2 Support to Waste Related Sectors The IDA lends, on average, about $6-7 billion a year for different types of development projects, especially those that address peoples' basic needs, such as primary education, basic health services, and clean water and sanitation. In 2002, projects approved by IDA for urban development and environmental & natural resource management constituted a total lending amount of USD 0.83 billion, which was equal to 10% of the total lending amount. The World Bank, including the IDA, has committed to the Millennium Development Goals, agreed to by 189 nations in 2002 at the United Nations Millennium Summit. The goals include ensuring environmental sustainability as one out of 7 main goals. In 2001, the World Bank endorsed an Environment Strategy to guide the Bank's actions in the environment area, particularly over the next five years. The strategy sets out three overall objectives: 1) improving the quality of life, 2) improving the quality of growth, and 3) protecting the quality of the regional and global commons. Some overall sectoral priorities are also emphasised. These include, among others, environmental health and urban environment. Under the latter, waste management, particularly industrial and hospital waste, is mentioned. The environment strategy includes regional strategies, where the priorities under each of the overall objectives are indicated. The table below highlights the waste related priorities mentioned for each region. Region Waste related priorities mentioned in the strategy East Asia and Pacific Pollution management (water/air), ODS and POPs Europe and Central Asia Health threats from toxic substances, ODS Latin America and the Caribbean Health (solid and hazardous waste, toxic substances), clean production, ODS Middle East and North Africa Agricultural pollution/soil contamination. Urban pollution (waste management). South Asia Health (solid waste), ODS Sub-Saharan Africa Health (disposal and management of hazardous waste), urban development. . Financial Resource Mobilisation for Implementation of the Strategic Plan for the Basel Convention - Fact Sheets 29 3 Co-operation Countries and Regions Three criteria are used to determine which countries are eligible to borrow IDA resources: • Relative poverty, defined as per capita gross national income below an established threshold, currently USD 875. • Lack of creditworthiness to borrow on market terms and therefore a need for concessional resources to finance the country's development program. • Good policy performance, defined as the implementation of economic and social policies that promote growth and poverty reduction. As per 2003, 81 countries are eligible to borrow from IDA. Some countries, such as India and Indonesia, are eligible for IDA due to their low per capita incomes, but are also creditworthy for some IBRD borrowing. These countries are known as "Blend" borrowers. Information on current eligible countries can be found on the website. Since most of IDA's resources are donated by member governments, the amount of funds available for lending is virtually fixed once donations are pledged. IDA therefore must allocate resources among eligible borrowing countries. Lending allocations are determined on a three-year rolling basis and are revised every year when the World Bank assesses the quality of each borrower's policy performance resulting in a performance rating of each borrower. The allocation of IDA's resources is determined primarily by each borrower's rating, but per capita income is also a determinant, with the poorest of the eligible countries receiving higher allocations for a given performance level. Finally, for borrowers that are eligible for both IDA and IBRD funds ("Blend countries"), allocations must take into account those countries' creditworthiness for and access to other sources of funds as well as their ability to use IDA resources effectively to tackle poverty. 4 Organisations Supported The IDA may lend to (a) member country; (b) the government of a territory included within IDA's membership; (c) a political subdivision of any of the foregoing; (d) a public or private entity in the territories of a member or members; or (e) a public international or regional organisation. IDA normally makes credits to member countries only, whether the member itself or another entity is responsible for project implementation. 5 Type of Financial Assistance Provided The IDA provides interest-free loans (credits) typically with 20, 35 or 40 years to repay and a 10-year grace period. There is no interest charge, but credits do carry a small service charge of 0.75 percent on disbursed balances. While the bulk of IDA financing - over 70 percent in the financial year 2002 - is for investment projects, IDA also provides adjustment credits (non-project). The IDA also provides grants. In 2002, the donor countries decided that more of the money should be provided as grants. Going forward, 18 to 21 percent of IDA resources will be used for grants. 6 Project Size and Co-financing Requirements The IDA does not operate with specific minimum or maximum requirements for project size or co- financing. . Financial Resource Mobilisation for Implementation of the Strategic Plan for the Basel Convention - Fact Sheets 30 7 Access to Assistance Reference should be made to the World Bank country assistance strategy, which defines the level and composition of assistance to be provided to the country in question based on needs and on portfolio performance. Country assistance strategies usually cover a three-year period and are publicly available on the website, pending the borrowing government‘s consent. Project proposals should be referred to the relevant local World Bank representation. 8 Other Information None. 9 Contact Details The World Bank 1818 H Street, N.W. Washington, DC 20433 U.S.A. tel: (202) 473-1000 fax: (202) 477-6391 For contacting more than 100 offices in member countries refer to website. 10 Information Sources Website: www.worldbank.org . Financial Resource Mobilisation for Implementation of the Strategic Plan for the Basel Convention - Fact Sheets 31 1.4 Multilateral Grant Donors (EU) 1.4.1 CARDS Programme 1 Introduction The CARDS programme (Community Assistance for Reconstruction, development and Stabilisation) is an EU programme to promote stability and peace in the Western Balkans through grant support to investment and institution building. The programme underpins the Stabilisation and Association Process which is intended to help the region to secure political and economic stabilisation while also developing closer associations between the Western Balkans and the EU, opening a road towards eventual EU membership once the conditions have been met. The budget allocation for the programme in 2000-2006 is EUR 4.65 billion. 2 Support to Waste Related Sectors The environment is listed among sectors supported. Within this sector, the focus is on harmonisation to EU law, institution building and reduction of environmental health risks. In 2003, about 7% of assistance focused on the environment sector. 3 Co-operation Countries and Regions Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Serbia, Montenegro and the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia. 4 Organisations Supported Assistance can be provided to the State, entities under United Nations jurisdiction and administration, federal, regional and local bodies, public and semi-public bodies, the social partners, organisations providing support to businesses, cooperatives, mutual societies, associations, foundations and non- governmental organisations. 5 Type of Financial Assistance Provided Assistance is given in the form of grants. 6 Project Size and Co-financing Requirements There is no specific requirement specified, but it is emphasised that co-financing should be sought whenever possible. 7 Access to Assistance The framework for CARDS assistance is provided in country strategic papers, indicative programmes and annual action programmes. The Country Strategy Paper provides the strategic framework in which EC assistance will be provided in the period 2000-2006. It sets out EU co-operation objectives, policy response, and priority fields of co- operation based on an assessment of the partner country‘s policy agenda and political and socio-economic situation. The multi-annual indicative programme highlights programme objectives, expected results and conditionality in the priority fields of co-operation for period 2002-2004. Annual action programmes sets out the projects to be supported and the funding available, within the guidelines defined by the indicative programme. . Financial Resource Mobilisation for Implementation of the Strategic Plan for the Basel Convention - Fact Sheets 32 Project ideas should be presented to the relevant EU delegation or to the agency in charge of programme management (see below) for possible inclusion in the programme. 8 Other Information None. 9 Contact Details DG External Relations is responsible for political direction and for multi-annual programming (Indicative Programmes). European Union assistance in Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina and Croatia managed by the European Union's Delegations in those countries. The European Agency for Reconstruction is responsible for assistance in Serbia and Montenegro, and the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia. The EuropeAid Co-operation Office manages all regional programmes. EuropeAid Co-operation Office Directorate General for External European Agency for Reconstruction Rue de la Loi 41, Office 4/150 Relations Egnatia 4, Thessaloniki 54626, 1040 Brussels, Belgium Rue de la Loi, 200 Greece 1049 Brussels, Belgium Tel. +30 2310 505 100 Fax +30 2310 505 172 The contact details for the EU delegations can be found on the website of the Directorate General for External Relations. 10 Information Sources Websites: EuropeAid Co-operation Office: http://europa.eu.int/comm/europeaid/projects/tacis Directorate General for External Relations: http://europa.eu.int/comm/external_relations/ceeca/tacis/ European Agency for Reconstruction: http://www.ear.eu.int/ . Financial Resource Mobilisation for Implementation of the Strategic Plan for the Basel Convention - Fact Sheets 33 1.4.2 European Development Fund (EDF) 1 Introduction The European Development Fund is the principal financial instrument of the EU policy of development aid to African, Caribbean and Pacific (ACP) States. The EDF is funded by the Member States, covered by its own financial rules and managed by a specific committee. The Member States decide the EDF budget via agreements that are subsequently ratified by the national parliament of each Member State. Each EDF is concluded for a period of around five years. The ninth EDF (2000-2005), based on the Cotonou Agreement, has been allocated EUR 13.5 billion over a period of five years. In addition, the unexpended balances transferred from previous EDFs total EUR 9.9 billion. 2 Support to Waste Related Sectors The central objectives for EU-ACP cooperation are poverty reduction, sustainable development and progressive integration of ACP countries into the world economy. The strategic framework for country cooperation strategies sets out five objectives, of which the promotion of environmental sustainability is one. Under the EU's policy for integration of the environmental dimension in developing countries, a number of issues eligible for aid and assistance are mentioned, including the following waste-related concerns: • Global environmental issues (climate change, desertification, biological diversity, etc.); • Transboundary issues (air, water and soil pollution); • Urban environment problems (waste, noise and air pollution, water quality, etc.); • Sustainable production and use of chemical products; • Environmental problems related to industrial activities; • Sustainable patterns of production and consumption. The following types of project activities are supported: • pilot projects in the field; • schemes to build up the institutional and operational capacities of actors in the development process (governments, civil society, NGOs, etc.); • drawing up of policies, plans, strategies and programmes for sustainable development; • formulation of guidelines, operating manuals and instruments aimed at promoting sustainable development (databases on the Internet); • support for the development and application of environment assessment tools; • inventory, accounting and statistical work to improve the quality of environmental data; • making local populations and key actors in the development process aware of sustainable development issues; • promotion of trade in environment-friendly products; • support for multilateral processes. In 1999, only a small proportion of aid to ACP States was allocated to environmental projects - approximately 2.5% or EUR 83 million. Out of the EUR 13.5 billion under the 9th EDF, EUR 10 billion in the form of grants are allocated to support in accordance with national indicative programmes, EUR 1.3 billion to regional cooperation, and EUR 2.2 billion to private sector investment financing schemes. 3 Co-operation Countries and Regions The 77 ACP States which participate in the Cotonou agreement as per August 2003 are as follows: South Africa (not fully), Antigua and Barbuda, the Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Botswana, Cameroon, Congo (Brazzaville), the Cook Islands, the Ivory Coast, Dominica, the Dominican Republic, Fiji, Gabon, Ghana, . Financial Resource Mobilisation for Implementation of the Strategic Plan for the Basel Convention - Fact Sheets 34 Grenada, Guyana, Jamaica, Kenya, the Marshall Islands, Mauritius, Micronesia (Federated States of), Namibia, Nauru, Nigeria, Niue, Palau, Papua New Guinea, St Kitts and Nevis, St Lucia, St Vincent and the Grenadines, Senegal, the Seychelles, Surinam, Swaziland, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago, Zimbabwe. The least-developed ACP states which, in certain cases, benefit from special treatment: Angola, Benin, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Republic of Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chad, the Comoros, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Djibouti, Ethiopia, Eritrea, the Gambia, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Equatorial Guinea, Haiti, Kiribati, Lesotho, Liberia, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Madagascar, Mozambique, Niger, Rwanda, Samoa, São Tome and Principe, Sierra Leone, the Solomon Islands, Somalia, Sudan, Tanzania, Tuvalu, Togo, Uganda, Vanuatu, Zambia. 4 Organisations Supported The following entities are eligible for support: • ACP states • regional or inter-State bodies to which one or more ACP states belong and which are authorised by those states • joint bodies set up by the ACP states and the EU to pursue certain specific objectives Subject to agreement from the ACP State/States, the following bodies are also eligible: • national or regional public or semi-public agencies, departments or local authorities of the ACP states and, in particular, their financial institutions and development banks • companies, firms and other private organisations and private operators of ACP states • enterprises of a EU Member State 5 Type of Financial Assistance Provided The EDF consists of several instruments: • Budgetary support • Projects and programme grants • Credit lines, guarantee schemes and equity participation for the private sector 6 Project Size and Co-financing Requirements At the request of the ACP States, EDF resources may be applied to co-financing. It is emphasised that special consideration shall be given to the possibility of co-financing in cases where Community participation will encourage the participation of other sources of finance and where such financing may lead to an advantageous financial package for the ACP State concerned. Co-financing may be in the form of joint or parallel financing. 7 Access to Assistance The programming for grant assistance to individual countries (EUR 10 billion in the 9th EDF) consists of the preparation of a national indicative programme for each country describing the focal sector(s) on which support should be concentrated; the most appropriate measures and operations for attaining the objectives and targets in the focal sector(s); and the resources reserved for projects and programmes outside the focal sector(s). The programme is founded on a Country Support Strategy (CSS) based on the country‘s own medium-term development objectives and strategies and an indication from the Community of the indicative programmable financial allocation from which the country may benefit. The latter is based on a combined assessment of needs and performance of the country in question. The programming for regional assistance (EUR 1.3 billion in the 9th EDF) follows a similar procedure. . Financial Resource Mobilisation for Implementation of the Strategic Plan for the Basel Convention - Fact Sheets 35 Three EU entities of the EU Commission are involved: The Directorate General for External Relations and the Directorate General for Development are responsible for the programming of external assistance. The EuropeAid Co-operation Office, a department of the Commission, is responsible for project cycle management of the individual activities to be undertaken under the programmes - from identification to evaluation. Both national and regional strategy papers and indicative programmes can be downloaded from the websites of DG External Relations and DG Development. Project ideas should be discussed with the EC delegation in the relevant country for inclusion in indicative programmes. 8 Other Information None. 9 Contact Details EuropeAid Co-operation Office Directorate General for External Directorate General for Development Directorate Africa, Caribbean Relations E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org and Pacific Rue de la Loi, 200 Rue de la Loi 41, Office 4/150 1049 Brussels Mailing address not available on web- 1040 Brussels, Belgium site The EC has delegations in a number of EC countries. The contact details can be found on the website of the Directorate General for External Relations. 10 Information Sources Websites: EuropeAid Co-operation Office: http://europa.eu.int/comm/europeaid/index_en.htm Directorate General for External Relations: http://europa.eu.int/comm/external_relations/ Directorate General for Development: http://europa.eu.int/comm/development/index_en.cfm . Financial Resource Mobilisation for Implementation of the Strategic Plan for the Basel Convention - Fact Sheets 36 1.4.3 Instrument for Structural Policies for Pre-accession (ISPA) 1 Introduction ISPA is one of the three EU financial instruments (with Phare and Sapard) to assist the candidate countries (except Malta, Cyprus and Turkey) in the preparation for accession to the EU. Over the period from 2000 to 2006, a total of EUR 1.04 billion a year (at 1999 prices) will be made available for infrastructure projects in the field of environment and transport. 2 Support to Waste Related Sectors ISPA concentrates on assisting the candidate countries in the implementation of the ‗investment heavy‘ EU directives, i.e. directives that are costly to implement. Within waste management, the following Directives are mentioned in various ISPA documents: • The Waste Framework Directive • The Landfill Directive • The Municipal Waste Incineration Directives • The Hazardous Waste Incineration Directive • The Packaging Waste Directive Priority would be given to projects which: • Comply with an investment-heavy directive: such as the draft landfill Directive, hazardous waste management Directives, incineration Directives; • Have an important effect on human health: e.g. uncontrolled landfills leaching into water supplies or polluting emissions to air or uncontrolled hazardous waste disposals; • elp prevent damage in environmental sensitive zones. The following pre-requisites for ISPA eligibility are mentioned: • Will operate in an adequate administrative and institutional framework; • Fit into a waste management plan in the terms of the waste framework Directive; • The polluter pays principle should be fully observed. In 2000-02, approved environmental projects constituted 43.14% of all approved projects and represented a total ISPA contribution of EUR 2.44 billion. Out of this group, 15.88% of the contributions were dedicated to the waste sector amounting to a total of EUR 387 million. 3 Co-operation Countries and Regions Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Lithuania, Latvia, Poland, Romania, Slovakia, and Slovenia. 4 Organisations Supported Assistance is provided to the national authorities in the accession countries. In each country, a central entity is designated as the authority through which funds are channelled and has the overall responsibility for the management of the funds. The implementing agencies supported are restricted to those operating within an administrative legal framework. This means that they can be public bodies (national authorities, local authorities) or public-private partnerships. There are special principles and requirements which must be followed in case of support to public-private partnerships. 5 Type of Financial Assistance Provided Financial assistance is provided in the form of grants for large investment projects. . Financial Resource Mobilisation for Implementation of the Strategic Plan for the Basel Convention - Fact Sheets 37 A small part of ISPA's budget may also be used to fund preparatory studies and technical assistance. A clear link has to be shown between measures of these kinds and the projects funded by ISPA. 6 Project Size and Co-financing Requirements For investment projects, a co-financing of minimum 25% is required and only projects with a cost above EUR 5 million can be supported. The requirement to co-financing can be reduced to 15% in special cases. The combined assistance from ISPA and other EU assistance must not exceed 90% of the total cost. 7 Access to Assistance For each country a national ISPA strategy for each sector is prepared. The strategy provides the framework for project identification and set out the criteria to be used to select and appraise proposed projects. The strategies are based on the overall accession documents: Accession Partnerships and the national programmes for the adoption of the aquis. Each country has appointed a national ISPA co-ordinator. Via the co-ordinator, the countries can propose projects, which are part of the sector strategy. Applications must be sent to the ISPA Directorate of DG Regional Policy (see below). The application then needs approval from EU Commission and the ISPA Management Committee. There is an ISPA Manual providing detailed information on policies and procedures. It can be downloaded from the website of DG Regional Policy. 8 Other Information ISPA represents an intermediate stage between EU's aid to third countries and the Cohesion Fund providing financial support to EU member states and is due to change over time, resembling more closely the Cohesion Fund as actual accession comes nearer. This move will entail an increasing decentralisation in procedures for implementation. 9 Contact Details The DG Enlargement is responsible for co-ordinating the accession negotiations between the EU and the candidate countries. The DG Regional Policy is responsible for EU management of ISPA. Directorate General for Regional Policy Directorate F: ISPA and pre-accession measures Rue de la Loi 200 B-1049 Brussels Tel.: (+32)2-296 5068 Fax: (+32)2-296 1096 Contact information for EU delegations in candidate countries and the national ISPA co-ordinators can be found on the DG Regional Policy website. 10 Information Sources Website of DG Regional Policy: http://europa.eu.int/comm/regional_policy/ . Financial Resource Mobilisation for Implementation of the Strategic Plan for the Basel Convention - Fact Sheets 38 1.4.4 MEDA Programme 1 Introduction The Euro-Mediterranean Partnership was launched at the 1995 Barcelona Conference between the European Union and it‘s 12 Mediterranean Partners (called the Barcelona Process). The MEDA programme is the principal financial instrument of the European Union for the implementation of the Euro- Mediterranean Partnership. The Programme offers technical and financial support measures to accompany the reform of economic and social structures in the Mediterranean partner countries. The first phase of the MEDA programme was the period of 1995-1999 where the programme accounted for EUR 3.4 billion. On November 2000 a new regulation establishing MEDA II for the period of 2000-2006 was adopted. The funding of the second phase amounts to EUR 5.35 billion. 2 Support to Waste Related Sectors Sustainable rural development and environment is one among five sectors of co-operation. Within this area, specific objectives for natural resource management are to support the governments of the MEDA countries in managing their environmental and coastal resources, and to help them integrate current resource management practices into their development policies. At the level of regional cooperation, the Short and Medium-Term Priority Environmental Action Programme (SMAP) is a framework programme of action for the protection of the Mediterranean environment under the Euro-Mediterranean Partnership. The SMAP Partners have agreed on five priority fields of action, including integrated waste management and hot spots (polluted areas and threatened components of biodiversity). Within these two areas, priorities are: • Preparation and implementation of national plans, data bases and pilot projects for the integrated management of (a) municipal waste, (b) industrial waste, and (c) hazardous waste • Preparation of guidelines for more effective waste management • Establishment of comparable statistical methodologies and national waste inventories • Identification of waste disposal methods and sites presenting a risk for the environment and setting up infrastructures and taking measures to tackle these problems. • Launching of initiatives to promote waste reduction, re-use and recycling • Reinforcement of local management capacity and promotion of pilot initiatives to tackle systematically waste from tourism-related activities • Preparation of national guidelines for the disposal of dredging spoils and used oils • Establishment of emergency environmental plans for the integrated management of highly polluted Mediterranean urban areas • Development and implementation of specific emergency programmes to reduce highly polluting emissions in industrial areas • Setting up and implementation of management plans, pilot projects and demonstration actions to secure the future of the most valuable and threatened natural resources 3 Co-operation Countries and Regions The EU's 12 partners are: Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia (Maghreb); Egypt, Israel, Jordan, the Palestinian Authority, Lebanon, Syria (Mashrek); Turkey, Cyprus and Malta; Libya currently has observer status at certain meetings. . Financial Resource Mobilisation for Implementation of the Strategic Plan for the Basel Convention - Fact Sheets 39 4 Organisations Supported The programme may apply to States, their local and regional authorities as well as actors of their civil society. 5 Type of Financial Assistance Provided Assistance is provided in the form of grants. The MEDA programme includes a special instrument whereby EIB loans to the partner countries within the environment can be given an interest rate subsidy (see also fact sheet on EIB). 6 Project Size and Co-financing Requirements There are no specific requirements, however, co-financing is encouraged. 7 Access to Assistance The co-operation framework is described in indicative programmes and financing plans. The national and regional indicative programmes define the main goals, guidelines and priority sectors of Community support in the fields concerned based on the priorities determined with the Mediterranean partners. The financing plans are drawn up at national and regional level and are based on the indicative programmes. These plans contain a list of the projects for financing and are generally adopted annually. Project ideas should be discussed with the EC delegation in the relevant country for inclusion in the relevant programmes. 8 Other Information None. 9 Contact Details DG External Relations is responsible for political direction and for multi-annual programming (Indicative Programmes), while EuropeAid Co-operation Office is responsible for managing the project cycle and annual financing plans. EuropeAid Co-operation Office Directorate General for External Relations Directorate "Europe, Caucasus, Central Asia" Directorate "Eastern Europe, Caucasus and Central Asian Rue de la Loi 41, Office 4/150 Republics" 1040 Brussels, Belgium Rue de la Loi, 200 1049 Brussels The EC has delegations in most partner countries. The contact details can be found on the website of the Directorate General for External Relations. 10 Information Sources Websites: EuropeAid Co-operation Office: http://europa.eu.int/comm/europeaid/projects/ Directorate General for External Relations: http://europa.eu.int/comm/external_relatio . Financial Resource Mobilisation for Implementation of the Strategic Plan for the Basel Convention - Fact Sheets 40 1.4.5 TACIS 1 Introduction Launched by the EC in 1991, the TACIS Programme provides grant-financed technical assistance to 13 countries of Eastern Europe and Central Asia, and mainly aims at enhancing the transition process in these countries. In the first eight years of its operating, TACIS committed a total of Euro 4,226 million of funding to projects and environment and nuclear safety received 20% of the funds. A Council Regulation (No 99/2000) was adopted in January 2000 providing a new framework for the TACIS programme. TACIS has special sub-programmes for multi-country activities. These are comprised by the TACIS Regional Cooperation Strategy Paper and Indicative Programme 2004 - 2006 which was adopted by the European Commission on 11 April 2003. 2 Support to Waste Related Sectors The new regulation from 2000 states that TACIS is to provide assistance totalling EUR 3.138 billion until the end of 2006 and to focus on 6 areas of co-operation, of which one is promotion of environmental protection and management of natural resources. According to the new regulation, a maximum of three areas of co-operation should be identified for each country. In addition, nuclear safety is mentioned as a separate area of concern to be targeted where relevant. The following sub-components are mentioned under promotion of environmental protection and management of natural resources: • development of sustainable environmental policies and practises • promotion of harmonisation of environmental standards with European Union norms • improvement of energy technologies in supply and end use • promotion of sustainable use and management of natural resources, including energy saving, efficient energy usage and improvement of environmental infrastructure For nuclear safety, the priorities are: Promotion of an effective safety culture, support to the establishment of strategies for the management of spent fuel, decommissioning and waste management, contribution to international initiatives. The regulation specifies three areas for particular attention. One of these areas is "the need to reduce environmental risks and pollution, including transboundary pollution". Further, environmental infrastructure and networks is mentioned as one out of three priority sectors for TACIS investment financing. For Regional Cooperation, Sustainable management of natural resources has been selected as one out of three priority themes for 2004-2006, focusing mainly on water, while also supporting biodiversity, forest resources and climate change. Several of the programmes established may be relevant for waste related funding: The Municipal Investment Support Programme offers support in the traditional feasibility studies, where closely linked with an investment. The programme is in operation in the Russian Federation only with a budget of EUR 3 million. The TACIS Cross-border Cooperation Programme supports actions on the borders between the Russian Federation, Ukraine, Belarus and Moldova with their central European neighbours and the European Union. The TACIS Small Project Facility is part of this Programme: it promotes integration at local level . Financial Resource Mobilisation for Implementation of the Strategic Plan for the Basel Convention - Fact Sheets 41 (local trade, economic cooperation, environment, tourism and agriculture), by means of grants up to a maximum value of EUR 200,000. The TACIS Bistro facility is designed to respond quickly to requests for support for small scale projects within the country programmes in Russia, Ukraine, Georgia, Armenia and Kazakhstan. As a rule, projects last no more than nine months and are funded up to EUR 100, 000. 3 Co-operation Countries and Regions The following countries are eligible for TACIS support: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgystan, Moldova, Mongolia, Russia, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Ukraine and Uzbekistan. Russia and Ukraine are the main beneficiaries, receiving 50% and 20% of the funds, respectively, in the period 1990-99. 4 Organisations Supported TACIS co-operation takes place at the government level, however, private organisations can also benefit from the support. Direct funding of equity and stakes in individual companies is excluded. 5 Type of Financial Assistance Provided Assistance is provided in the form of grants for technical assistance and for investment financing. According to the new regulation, max.20% of the annual budget can be allocated to investment financing. 6 Project Size and Co-financing Requirements The new regulation focuses on maximisation of impact through a limited number of projects of sufficient scale (according to the TACIS website: projects of at least EUR 2 million in Russia and Ukraine and EUR 1 million in the other partner countries). Co-financing is encouraged - but there is no specific requirement. 7 Access to Assistance The framework for TACIS assistance is provided in the Partnership and Co-operation Agreements (PCAs), National Country Programmes and regional programmes. The PCAs are legal frameworks setting out the political, economic and trade relationships between the European Union and the partner countries. Each PCA is a ten-year bilateral treaty signed and ratified by the EU and the individual state, formalising the EU‘s relationship with the country concerned. Within this, the TACIS programme acts as the instrument of cooperation to reach the joint political goals. The national country programmes include indicative programmes, valid 3-4 years, which identify priorities and areas of co-operation as well as annual or biannual action programmes setting out the projects to be supported and the funding available, within the guidelines defined by the indicative programme. Project ideas should be discussed with the EC delegation in the relevant country for inclusion in action programmes. The regional programmes are based on indicative and action programmes as well. However, several of them can offer funds for smaller projects on a flexible basis. Details on access to these programmes can be found on the website. The Bistro facilities are managed by the European Commission's Delegations in Moscow, Kiev, Tbilisi and Almaty (Bishkek). . Financial Resource Mobilisation for Implementation of the Strategic Plan for the Basel Convention - Fact Sheets 42 8 Other Information None. 9 Contact Details Since January 2001 DG External Relations has been responsible for political direction and for multi-annual programming (Indicative Programmes), while EuropeAid Co-operation Office is responsible for managing the project cycle and Annual Programmes. EuropeAid Co-operation Office Directorate General for External Relations Directorate "Europe, Caucasus, Central Asia" Directorate "Eastern Europe, Caucasus and Central Asian Rue de la Loi 41, Office 4/150 Republics" 1040 Brussels, Belgium Rue de la Loi, 200 1049 Brussels The EC has delegations in a number of EC countries. The contact details can be found on the website of the Directorate General for External Relations. 10 Information Sources Websites: EuropeAid Co-operation Office: http://europa.eu.int/comm/europeaid/projects/tacis Directorate General for External Relations: http://europa.eu.int/comm/external_relations/ceeca/tacis/ . Financial Resource Mobilisation for Implementation of the Strategic Plan for the Basel Convention - Fact Sheets 43 1.5 Multilateral Grant Donors (UN) 1.5.1 United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) 1 Introduction The United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) provides grant funding for economic and social development. Funds come from the voluntary contributions of Member States of the United Nations and affiliated agencies, who have committed themselves to providing approximately USD 1 billion yearly to UNDP's regular resources. Other funding arrangements, including cost-sharing, provide approximately USD 1 billion in additional resources each year. 2 Support to Waste Related Sectors The UNDP has committed to the Millennium Development Goals, agreed in 2002 at the United Nations Millennium Summit. The goals include ensuring environmental sustainability as one out of 7 main goals. The UNDP offers grant funding for technical assistance in six areas of practice, including energy and environment. The major areas of support include national strategic, policy and regulatory frameworks for environmentally sustainable development; national and local-level capacity development to support participatory approaches to environmental management; and helping countries to meet their commitments under the global environmental conventions on biodiversity, climate change and desertification. For 2002, estimated total programme expenditures within the energy and environment sector were USD 298 and constituted 16.11% of total expenditure. The UNDP is the implementing agency in relation to a number of trust funds and facilities. In relation to environment and the waste sector, the following are the most important: The Global Environment Facility (GEF) is described in a separate fact sheet. The Public-Private Partnerships for the Urban Environment Facility (PPPUE) is a multi-partner and multi-donor facility. The PPPUE focuses on the overarching goal of developing tripartite partnerships (government, business, civil society) to improve the access of the urban poor to basic urban services, including solid waste management. Under the facility, innovative partnership grants support projects activities in one or more of the following areas: • Establishing adequate policy, legal and institutional frameworks for public private partnership development at the local level, e.g. review of legislation, support to policy development. • Building local capacity for public private partnerships, e.g. training on PPP, local strategy development, tools and manuals. • Designing and implementing innovative partnership arrangements. Specific activities may cover advisory inputs into project identification, evaluation and financing; local legal frameworks, contractual arrangements and business plan development. The Thematic Trust Fund on Environment is a UNDP trust fund focusing on three priority service lines: Integrating environmental management concerns into national development frameworks, strengthening local environmental governance, and addressing global and regional environmental problems. Resources under the TTF will focus on low-income countries, the Least Developed Countries and the Africa region, while a small proportion of the resources will be used to fund global and regional initiatives. The funding target for the Environment TTF is USD 60 million over a period of three years (2001-2003). . Financial Resource Mobilisation for Implementation of the Strategic Plan for the Basel Convention - Fact Sheets 44 3 Co-operation Countries and Regions The UNDP works with developing and transition countries globally and has offices in 166 countries. 4 Organisations Supported UNDP projects may be executed in the following ways: (a) National execution. This refers to management by a governmental entity and is the norm; (b) Execution by a United Nations agency or multilateral development bank; (c) Execution by an NGO; or (d) Direct execution. This refers to cases where management is by UNDP itself; it is permitted only in exceptional circumstances. 5 Type of Financial Assistance Provided Assistance is provided in the form of grants. 6 Project Size and Co-financing Requirements There is no official maximum size of project. The UNDP encourages cost-sharing contributions but there is not a specific requirement. 7 Access to Assistance UNDP assistance is programmed through a country cooperation framework (CCF). This is developed within the framework of the dialogue between the UN system and the national authorities in the countries. This dialogue results in a common country assessment (CCA), and a United Nations Development Assistance Framework (UNDAF), which is a strategic framework for the country-level activities of the entire United Nations system. The UNDP's CCF sets out the key results, the strategies through which the results will be achieved, and how they will be assessed. Once a CCF is approved, UNDP resources are assigned, and individual programmes and projects are formulated. Project proposals should be referred to the relevant country office for possible inclusion in the programme of support. 8 Other Information None. 9 Contact Details United Nations Development Programme Bureau for Development Policy (BDP) 304 East 45th Street New York, NY 10017 USA Tel.: +1 (212) 906-5020 Fax: +1 (212) 906-6754 Information on the contact details for the country offices in 166 countries can be found on the website. 10 Information Sources Website: www.undp.org . Financial Resource Mobilisation for Implementation of the Strategic Plan for the Basel Convention - Fact Sheets 45 1.5.2 United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) 1 Introduction UNEP is the focal point for the environment within the United Nations system. UNEP acts as a catalyst, advocate, educator and facilitator to promote the wise use and sustainable development of the global environment. The aim of the mandate is that UNEP would keep the world environment situation under review and ensure that emerging environmental issues of international significance receive consideration by Governments. UNEP also hosts several environmental convention secretariats including the Basel Convention on the Transboundary Movement of Hazardous Wastes and the Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs). The Division of Environmental Policy Implementation (DEPI) functions as a focal point for UNEP in coordination of technical assistance support for various policy implementation initiatives in developing countries and countries with economies in transition. 2 Support to Waste Related Sectors Five sectors are prioritised: Water, clean and renewable energy, health and the environment, sustainable agriculture, and biodiversity. In relation to health and environment, chemicals and hazardous waste is a special focus area. Projects supported include technical assistance and capacity building for: • Environmental policy development and use of regulatory, economic and other incentives and instruments to ensure compliance with national objectives in the context of global trends and multilateral environmental agreements. • Ensuring compliance with and enforcement of established national, regional and international environmental policy instruments, particularly legally-binding instruments. Particular emphasis is placed on illegal trade in violation of international environmental instruments. • Environmental law, development of legal instruments and implementation of international environmental conventions. Assistance is provided in the form of organisation of activities in environmental awareness raising, education, training, institution building, compiling training manuals, organising education workshops and providing legal advisory services. The Environment Fund is the main mechanism for financing core UNEP activities. This funding base, which is not tied to specific programmes and projects, remains UNEP‘s top priority. In addition to the Environment Fund, the total UNEP operational budget includes additional resources from UNEP trust funds and trust fund support, counterpart (earmarked) contributions and the UN Regular Budget. The total 2000–2001 UNEP biennial budget exceeded $200 million. The Environment Fund budget for 2002–2003 biennium is USD119.9 million. UNEP is an implementing agency for the Global Environment Facility. This facility is described in a separate fact sheet. 3 Co-operation Countries and Regions Projects implemented are often of an international or regional character and involving developing or transition countries. 4 Organisations Supported UNEP stakeholders are often representative groups such as scientists, government-designated experts, focal points or other United Nations agencies. NGOs and other major groups (such as scientific and professional . Financial Resource Mobilisation for Implementation of the Strategic Plan for the Basel Convention - Fact Sheets 46 associations, service clubs, community-based organisations, consumer unions and environmental citizen's organisations) are key stakeholders. 5 Type of Financial Assistance Provided Funding is in the form of grants. 6 Project Size and Co-financing Requirements No requirements specified. 7 Access to Assistance The UNEP plans the allocation of resources each biennium. This involves developing or revisiting the Medium Term Plan (duration 4 years), based on which policy directives are applied, priorities set and estimates made of resource allocation. Proposals should be addressed to the UNEP headquarters for possible inclusion in the programme. UNEP programmes are increasingly implemented through the six regional offices of DRC located in Africa, Asia and the Pacific, Europe, Latin America and the Caribbean, North America and West Asia. Contact information on website under Division of Regional Co-operation. 8 Other Information None 9 Contact Details United Nations Environment Programme United Nations Avenue, Gigiri PO Box 30552, Nairobi, Kenya Tel: (254-2) 621234 Fax: (254-2) 624489/90 10 Information Sources Website: www.unep.org . Financial Resource Mobilisation for Implementation of the Strategic Plan for the Basel Convention - Fact Sheets 47 1.6 Multilateral Grant Donors (Other) 1.6.1 Global Environment Facility (GEF) 1 Introduction The Global Environment Facility (GEF) is an international financial organisation that operates in collaboration and partnership with the three implementing agencies UNDP, UNEP and the World Bank for the purpose of achieving global environmental benefits. The GEF is administratively supported by, but functionally independent of, the World Bank. The GEF provides grant and concessional funding for projects and programmes within six areas: biodiversity, climate change, international waters, ozone depletion, land degradation, and persistent organic pollutants (POPs). The GEF is also the designated financial mechanism for international agreements on biodiversity, climate change, and POPs. From 1991 through 2003, the GEF has provided USD 4.5 billion in grants (and generated USD 14.5 billion in co-financing from other partners) to more than 1,300 projects in 140 countries. In 2002, 32 donor countries pledged USD 3 billion to fund operations between 2002 and 2006. 2 Support to Waste Related Sectors The GEF finances projects that reflect national/regional priorities and have the support of the country or countries involved in six focal areas: Biodiversity, climate change, international waters, ozone depleting substances, land degradation, and persistent organic pollutants. The table below indicates the level of funding (allocations) in 2003. Area POP ODS Int. Waters Climate Change Biodiversity Multiple Allocation (USD million) 45 2 92 191 172 108 To guide operations, the GEF has developed operational programmes for a number of specific areas. The waste related programmes are the Contaminant-Based Operational Programme under International Waters, and the Operational Programme on Persistent Organic Pollutants (draft). In the Contaminant-Based Operational Programme, four components characterise the range of projects of the programme. One includes a set of limited demonstration projects for addressing land-based activities while others include projects related to contaminants released from ships, persistent toxic substances such as POPs, and targeted regional or global projects useful in setting priorities for possible GEF interventions, meeting the technical needs of projects in this focal area, or distilling lessons learned from experience. The GEF is committing $250 million from 2003 to 2006 to help developing countries tackle persistent organic pollutants. The POP operational program is expected to focus on: (a) Development and strengthening of capacity, aimed at enabling the recipient country to fulfil its obligations under the convention. These country specific enabling activities are eligible for full funding of agreed costs. These may include action plans, inventories, institutional/regulatory strengthening, etc. (b) On the ground interventions, aimed at implementing specific phase-out and remediation measures at national and/or regional level, and including components of targeted capacity building. Full projects and medium-sized projects eligible for funding will be focused on the following: Develop and/or strengthen the . Financial Resource Mobilisation for Implementation of the Strategic Plan for the Basel Convention - Fact Sheets 48 capacity of developing countries and countries with economies in transition, promote the access to, and transfer of, clean and environmentally sound alternative technologies/products/practices, facilitate the environmentally sound disposal of stockpiles of obsolete POPs, and facilitate the identification of sites affected by POPs. The GEF supports activities to phase out ozone-depleting substances. This is done in partnership with the institutions of the Montreal Protocol under the Vienna Convention for the Protection of the Ozone Layer. The GEF funds projects that enable the Russian Federation and countries in Eastern Europe and Central Asia to phase out their production and use of ozone depleting substances (ODS). Similar phaseout activities in developing countries (Article 5 countries) are funded through the financial mechanism of the Montreal Protocol. There are no dedicated funds available from the GEF specifically for Basel Convention projects. 3 Eligible Countries and Regions A developing country or a country with economy in transition is eligible for receiving funding if it has ratified the relevant treaty (biodiversity, climate change, Montreal Protocol, or POPs – but does not apply to international waters projects) and if it is eligible to borrow from the World Bank (IBRD and/or IDA) or receive technical assistance grants from UNDP. 4 Organisations Supported The Implementing Agencies may make arrangements for GEF project preparation and execution by multilateral development banks, specialised agencies and programs of the United Nations, other international organisations, bilateral development agencies, national institutions non-governmental organisations, private sector entities and academic institutions. 5 Type of Financial Assistance Provided Assistance is generally provided in the form of grants but other forms may be used (concessional lending, revolving fund, etc.). 6 Project Size and Co-financing Requirements Four main categories of GEF grant financing are available: 1. Full-Sized Project funding 2. Medium-Sized Project funding (GEF grants up to USD 1 million) 3. Expedited Enabling Activity grants 4. Project Preparation Grants. There are three categories of project preparation grants: • PDF Block A (up to $25,000); • PDF Block B (up to $350,000 - up to USD 700,000 for multi-country projects); and • Block C (up to $1 million). The GEF emphasises its catalytic role and seeks to leverage additional financing from other sources. All GEF projects are expected to be co-financed, however, there is no specific requirement for co-financing which is based on a case-by-case determination of eligible ("incremental") costs. . Financial Resource Mobilisation for Implementation of the Strategic Plan for the Basel Convention - Fact Sheets 49 7 Access to Assistance All three implementing organisations can serve as an entry to proposing projects for GEF assistance. In general, the local office of the relevant organisation should be contacted and they will advise on the eligibility of the proposal and on the options for the different types of grants. The contact details for the local offices can be found on the websites of the respective implementing agencies. A number of guidance documents on the GEF project cycle and for the application procedures for various types of grants are available on the websites as well. It is worth to consider the division of responsibilities between the three organisations. The UNDP plays the primary role in ensuring the development and management of capacity building programs and technical assistance projects. The UNEP plays the primary role in catalysing the development of scientific and technical analysis and in advancing environmental management in GEF-financed activities. The World Bank will play the primary role in ensuring the development and management of investment projects. In addition, four Regional Development Banks (African Development Bank, Asian Development Bank, European Bank for Reconstruction and Development, and Inter-American Development Bank) and three UN Specialised Agencies (FAO, UNIDO and IFAD) are also accountable for the execution of GEF projects, and may therefore also serve as an entry point to seek GEF assistance. 8 Other Information GEF may fund the "incremental" or additional costs associated with transforming a project with national benefits into one with global environmental benefits. Thus, GEF grants may cover the difference or "increment" between a less costly, more polluting option and a costlier, more environmentally friendly option. The process of determining incremental costs can be complicated, but simplified guidelines for calculating incremental costs are being developed by the GEF Secretariat and the GEF agencies named above may provide assistance in this matter.. 9 Contact Details GEF Secretariat: 1818 H Street, NW, MSN G 6-602 Washington, DC 20433 USA Telephone: (202) 473-0508 Fax: (202) 522-3240/3245 Email: GEF@TheGEF.org 10 Implementing agencies: Global Environment Facility Coordina- The United Nations Development UNEP Division of Global Environ- tion Team Programme (UNDP) - ment Facility Coordination Environment Department Global Environment Facility (GEF) P.O. Box 30552 The World Bank Unit (UNDP-GEF) Nairobi, Kenya 1818 H Street, NW 304 East 45th Street Tel: [254 2] 624165 Washington, DC 20433 9th Floor Fax: [254 2] USA New York, NY 10017 624041/623696/623162 Tel: +1 202 473 1816 Tel: +1-212-906-5044 Fax: +1 202 522 3256 Fax: +1-212-906-6998 . Financial Resource Mobilisation for Implementation of the Strategic Plan for the Basel Convention - Fact Sheets 50 11 Information Sources Websites: GEF www.gefweb.org GEF World http://lnweb18.worldbank.org/ESSD/envext.nsf/45ByDocName/WorldBank- Bank GlobalEnvironmentFacility GEF UNDP http://www.undp.org/gef/ GEF UNEP http://www.unep.org/gef/content/index.htm . Financial Resource Mobilisation for Implementation of the Strategic Plan for the Basel Convention - Fact Sheets 51 1.7 Bilateral Donor Agencies 1.7.1 Canadian International Development Agency (CIDA) 1 Introduction The Canadian International Development Agency is responsible for Canada's Official Development Assistance (ODA) program based on the Government's foreign policy. The mandate of Canada's ODA is defined as: "The purpose of Canada's ODA is to support sustainable development in developing countries, in order to reduce poverty and to contribute to a more secure, equitable and prosperous world." In the financial year 2001-02, CIDA disbursed about CAD 1.26 billion in bilateral assistance. 2 Support to Waste Related Sectors Support to the environment to help developing countries to protect their environment and to contribute to addressing global and regional environmental issues is one among six overall priorities for the operations of CIDA. In the Report on Plans and Priorities for 2003-2004, the key target under environmental sustainability is to work towards achieving the targets of the MDGs on Environmental Sustainability in collaboration with the international development community, i.e.: • Integrate the principles of sustainable development into country policies and programmes and • reverse the loss of environmental resources; • halve, by 2015, the proportion of people without sustainable access to safe drinking water; • achieve, by 2020, significant improvement in the lives of at least 100 million slum dwellers129. The priorities for the next three years towards achieving environmental sustainability are: • build partners' capacities to address global, regional and national environmental issues such as desertification, biodiversity, and climate change; • support and promote environmental and broader socio-economic policy dialogue and programming that directly address environmental issues. According to CIDA's Statistical Report on Official Development Assistance for the Fiscal Year 2001-2002, 4.49% of disbursements were allocated to general environmental protection. 3 Co-operation Countries and Regions CIDA supports projects in more than 150 countries around the world in the following regions: South and Central America, Africa and the Middle East, Central and Eastern Europe and Asia. A list of eligible countries is available on the website. 4 Organisations Supported CIDA supports government institutions and NGOs (Canadian and foreign) as well as the private sector. 5 Type of Financial Assistance Provided Assistance is provided in the form of grants. . Financial Resource Mobilisation for Implementation of the Strategic Plan for the Basel Convention - Fact Sheets 52 6 Project Size and Co-financing Requirements No requirements specified. 7 Access to Assistance Bilateral development assistance is planned and delivered within the general policy context provided by Canada's ODA Policy Framework and CIDA's Development Policy Base and within the general operational context provided by CIDA's Regulatory Environment and the three key Agency Program Management Frameworks described in Part I, - Draft Guidance Note, Chapter 3. There are now two principal programming mechanisms within the bilateral program branches as described below. A. The Bilateral Directed Mechanism The traditional country programming approach is referred to as the "Bilateral Directed Mechanism" and is the chief mechanism for delivering the assistance programmes. The programming takes a point of departure in bringing Recipient Country/Region development needs, CIDA program objectives and Canadian capabilities together through the preparation, negotiation and approval of a Country/Regional Programming Framework. The cycle continues through the project identification process which leads to further activities as a potential project is analysed, its feasibility assessed, a design prepared, approval sought, agreements reached, etc. B. The Bilateral Responsive Mechanism The unsolicited proposal mechanism was established in 1996 and is referred to as the "Bilateral Responsive Mechanism". Under this mechanism, unsolicited proposals can be submitted to Bilateral country and regional program units by either the Canadian for-profit (private) sector, the Canadian not-for-profit sector or by a consortium involving both. All projects must have an identified "Recipient Country Partner." The Recipient Country Partner can not be a development assistance project entity (e.g. a local entity which has been substantially created and primarily funded through CIDA development assistance funds) or a part or subsidiary of a Canadian company, university, etc. Proposals are required to meet the following five basic criteria: • Development impact of the project must prevail; • There must be conformity with the CIDA Country/Regional Programming Framework (C/RPF) where one exists; • No profit may be associated with the contribution agreement; • A general ceiling of $5.0 million per contribution will apply; and, • Cost-sharing and leveraging will be taken into account in the approval process A guide to the bilateral responsive mechanism is available on the website of CIDA. 8 Other Information None. . Financial Resource Mobilisation for Implementation of the Strategic Plan for the Basel Convention - Fact Sheets 53 9 Contact Details Canadian International Development Agency 200 Promenade du Portage Gatineau, Quebec Canada K1A 0G4 Tel: (819) 997-5006 Toll free: 1-800-230-6349 Fax: (819) 953-6088 10 Information Sources Website: www.acdi-cida.gc.ca/ . Financial Resource Mobilisation for Implementation of the Strategic Plan for the Basel Convention - Fact Sheets 54 1.7.2 Danish International Development Assistance (Danida) 1 Introduction The Danish International Development Assistance (DANIDA) is responsible for administration of the Danish bilateral assistance. .In 2002 the Danish assistance to developing countries amounted to DKK 12.86 billion (including assistance to multilateral grant donors). In 2003, the budget is DKK 12.83 billion. 2 Support to Waste Related Sectors The environment is one among three major cross-cutting issues in Danish development policy. In 2003, it is planned that DKK 1.7 billion will be allocated to environmental projects or projects with related environmental aspects. DANIDA has a special facility for environmental support called MIFRESTA. Under MIFRESTA, support is provided for selected countries (see below) and for global environmental programmes, especially programmes for support to implementation of international environmental agreements. 3 Co-operation Countries and Regions According to Danish development policy, the Denmark's bilateral development cooperation will be concentrated on fifteen programme countries. These are: Bangladesh, Benin, Bolivia, Burkina Faso, Egypt, Ghana, Kenya, Mozambique, Nepal, Nicaragua, Tanzania, Uganda, Vietnam, and Zambia. Under the MIFRESTA facility, support is targeted at Botswana, Cambodia, Malaysia, Mozambique, Namibia, South Africa, Tanzania, Thailand and Vietnam. In addition, limited funds will be available for non-co-operation countries. 4 Organisations Supported No information provided on type of organisation supported. 5 Type of Financial Assistance Provided Assistance is given in the form of grants. 6 Project Size and Co-financing Requirements No requirements specified. 7 Access to Assistance DANIDA elaborates country strategies for all co-operation countries providing the priorities and strategies for DANIDA support to the countries. Strategies are elaborated based on nationally defined policy frameworks for poverty strategies, which form key entry points for Danish development assistance. The country strategies are available on the website. 8 Other Information None. . Financial Resource Mobilisation for Implementation of the Strategic Plan for the Basel Convention - Fact Sheets 55 9 Contact Details Udenrigsministeriet Asiatisk Plads 2 DK-1448 København K Denmark Tel.: +45/ 33 92 00 00 Fax: +45/ 32 54 05 33 10 Information Sources Website: www.um.dk . Financial Resource Mobilisation for Implementation of the Strategic Plan for the Basel Convention - Fact Sheets 56 1.7.3 Department for International Development (DFID) 1 Introduction The Department for International Development is a United Kingdom Government department responsible for the bilateral assistance of the United Kingdom. The overall policy direction is provided by the government of the day through DFID's Secretary of State. DFID's mandate is given in the International Development act (2002), gives the Secretary of State the specific remit of promoting development and reducing poverty. The budget of DFID in the financial year 2002/03 was over EUR 3 billion and it is projected to increase to over EUR 4 million in 2005/06. Approximately half of the budget is used to contribute to various multilateral agencies (including the EU) and the other half for bilateral assistance. 2 Support to Waste Related Sectors The overall framework of DFID developmental policy is set out in the 1997 White Paper 'Eliminating World Poverty: A challenge for the 21st Century', and expanded upon by the 2000 White Paper 'Eliminating World Poverty: Making Globalisation Work for the Poor'. The commitment to the Millennium Development Goals is confirmed in these white papers, which includes a key policy commitment to . tackling global environmental problems. In this area, the specific commitments are to: • Work to reduce the contribution made by developed countries to global environmental degradation. • Work with developing countries to ensure that their poverty reduction strategies reflect the need to manage environmental resources sustainability, and strengthen their capacity to participate in international negotiations. DFID has a department dealing with infrastructure and urban development. The Urbanisation section of this department has a knowledge and research programme with three themes: (i.) Increase the access of low income households and the poor to adequate, safe and secure shelter, (ii.) Improve the access of low income households and the poor to improved urban services, and (iii.) Enhance the effectiveness of city and municipal planning and management. DFID provides specialist advice on all aspects of environmental engineering through the department. This advice covers a broad range of issues encompassing water resources management, waste management, pollution control cleaner technology and production, and the environmental assessment, management and monitoring of infrastructure and urban development programmes. 3 Co-operation Countries and Regions DFID‘s assistance is concentrated in the poorest countries of sub-Saharan Africa and Asia, but also contributes to poverty reduction and sustainable development in middle-income countries, including those in Latin America and Eastern Europe. 4 Organisations Supported Assistance is provided to Government bodies, NGOs and, through some specific programmes, to the private sector. 5 Type of Financial Assistance Provided Assistance is provided in the form of grants. . Financial Resource Mobilisation for Implementation of the Strategic Plan for the Basel Convention - Fact Sheets 57 6 Project Size and Co-financing Requirements No requirements specified. 7 Access to Assistance Since 1997 the Department for International Development (DFID) has published Country Strategy Papers to set out the aims for contributing to the achievement of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) in various countries. The Country Strategy Papers are prepared for all countries in which development assistance programmes exist, and are normally produced every three years. DFID has recently designed the second-generation Country Assistance Plans. In the majority of the countries in which DFID works there are nationally owned and administered plans to reduce poverty. The Country Assistance Plans set out in detail how DFID will work as part of the international development effort to support these strategies. The plans will incorporate analysis of each country‘s potential for political, social, and economic change. The new generation of Country Assistance Plans will be gradually rolled out from mid – 2002. Draft Plans will be made available on the DFID website and interested parties will be invited to offer their comments. An indicative timetable of forthcoming Plans will shortly be made available through this page. In addition to the assistance supplied through the country programming process, DFID has a number of funds and facilities providing funding for various purposes, some of these are called Challenge Funds. These are a relatively new way of providing support to initiatives in or for developing countries. They work by supporting enterprises and projects that contribute to the development process. For Challenge Funds, it is up to the bidder to come up with a concept for evaluation by an independent panel. Detailed proposals are then invited from a short-list, with cost-sharing grants awarded to those initiatives that best meet the Fund's objectives. A list of the funds and the particular terms and conditions is available at the website. 8 Other Information None. 9 Contact Details DFID has headquarters in London and East Kilbride, offices in many developing countries, and staff based in British embassies and high commissions around the world (contact details available at website). DFID, 1 Palace Street, London SW1E 5HE DFID, Abercrombie House, Eaglesham Road, East Kilbride, Glasgow G75 8EA United Kingdom Tel: +44 (0) 20 7023 0000 Fax: +44 (0) 20 7023 0019 10 Information Sources Website: www.dfid.gov.uk . Financial Resource Mobilisation for Implementation of the Strategic Plan for the Basel Convention - Fact Sheets 58 1.7.4 Deutsche Gesellschaft für Technische Zusammenarbeit (GTZ) GmbH 1 Introduction The Deutsche Gesellschaft für Technische Zusammenarbeit (GTZ) GmbH is a government-owned corporation for international cooperation of Germany. In more than 130 developing or transition countries, GTZ is supporting c. 2,700 development projects and programmes, chiefly under commissions from the German Federal Government. GTZ was founded in 1975 as a corporation under private law. The German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ) is its main financing organisation. GTZ also undertakes commissions for other government departments, for governments of other countries, for international clients such as the European Commission, the United Nations or the World Bank, as well as for private-sector corporations. GTZ operates on a public-benefit basis. Any surpluses are exclusively re-channelled into its own development cooperation projects. 2 Support to Waste Related Sectors The GTZ works with hazardous waste management, municipal waste management, and waste management policy. 3 Co-operation Countries and Regions Latin America and the Caribbean: Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Dominican Republic Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Jamaica, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Uruguay, and Venezuela Africa: Benin, Botswana, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chad, Côte d‘Ivoire, Democratic Republic of Congo, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Kenya, Lesotho, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mozambique, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Republic of Congo, Rwanda, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Somalia, South Africa, Swaziland, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, and Zimbabwe Near and Middle East and the Maghreb: Algeria, Egypt, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Morocco, Oman, Palestinian Territories, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Syria, Tunisia, United Arab Emirates, Yemen. Mediterranean Region, Europe, Central Asian Countries: Afghanistan, Albania, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belgium, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Estonia, Georgia, Hungary, Kazakhstan, Kosovo, Kyrgyz Republic, Latvia, Lithuania, Montenegro, Pakistan, Poland, Romania, Russian Federation, Serbia and Montenegro, Slovakia, Slovenia, Tajikistan, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, and Uzbekistan, 4 Organisations Supported In the waste sector, GTZ's partners are municipal administrations, local and regional associations, and national, federal or regional authorities and ministries with full or partial responsibility for waste management. GTZ project partners in the industrial waste management sector are public institutions, industrial associations and chambers, and the industries themselves. 5 Type of Financial Assistance Provided In the field of international cooperation, GTZ provides technical assistance, i.e. transfer and mobilisation of knowledge and skills with the aim to improve capacity of partner organisations. 6 Project Size and Co-financing Requirements No requirements specified. . Financial Resource Mobilisation for Implementation of the Strategic Plan for the Basel Convention - Fact Sheets 59 7 Access to Assistance The GTZ does not allocate resources - it carries out projects financed by various donors, especially the German Federal Ministry for Economic Co-operation and Development (BMZ) who is by far the largest source of revenue for GTZ. However, there is a dialogue between GTZ and BMZ at the Federal level as well as between GTZ local offices in partner countries and BMZ. It is therefore advisable to contact GTZ local offices to discuss project ideas. 8 Other Information None. 9 Contact Details Deutsche Gesellschaft für Technische Zusammenarbeit (GTZ) GmbH Dag-Hammarskjöld-Weg 1-5 65760 Eschborn Germany Telephone +49 (0)6196 79-0 Telefax +49 (0)6196 79-1115 The contact details for the 63 field offices can be found on the website. 10 Information Sources Website: www.gtz.de . Financial Resource Mobilisation for Implementation of the Strategic Plan for the Basel Convention - Fact Sheets 60 1.7.5 Direction Générale de la Coopération Internationale et du Développement (DGCID) 1 Introduction The DGCID is under the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of France and is responsible for the grant-based bilateral assistance for co-operation and development. The DGCID provides project assistance and technical assistance, which is provided in a number of sectors. In addition, support is provided for universities and scientific co-operation, audiovisual communication, cultural co-operation and promotion of the French language as well as support for NGOs. The DGCID is separate from the Agence Francaise de Développement (AFD), which is the institution responsible for the bilateral lending facilities of France, which are available to public and private organisations. The AFD offers loans on both concessional and market terms as well as assistance for project preparation. 2 Support to Waste Related Sectors The total budget of DGCID in 2002 was EUR 1.43 billion. Out of this total, approximately 30% was allocated for development project support and technical assistance. Support for sustainable development and management of natural resources is one among a number of key priorities for the technical assistance operations of DGCID. 3 Co-operation Countries and Regions Sub-Saharan Africa is prioritised and received 46% of DGCID funds in 2002. Other regions supported include: The Maghreb (12%), Central and Eastern Europe (11%), South and Southeast Asia (7%), South America (7%), Near and Middle East (6%), Northern and Western Europe (5%), Far East and Oceania (4%) and North America (2%). 4 Organisations Supported Governments and NGOs. 5 Type of Financial Assistance Provided Assistance is provided in the form of grants. 6 Project Size and Co-financing Requirements No requirements specified. 7 Access to Assistance The DGCID is overall responsible for the country programming setting out the priorities for French bilateral assistance at the country level. This is co-ordinated with other French ministries as well as recipient countries. The three-year country strategies are available in French on the website of the DGCID. French bilateral lending assistance provided through AFD is also directed by the country programmes. 8 Other Information None. . Financial Resource Mobilisation for Implementation of the Strategic Plan for the Basel Convention - Fact Sheets 61 9 Contact Details 244, boulevard Saint-Germain 75303 Paris 07SP France Tel: (33) 01 43 17 90 00 Or: 20, rue Monsieur ou 57, boulevard des Invalides 75700 Paris 07SP France Tel: (33) 01 53 69 30 00 10 Information Sources Website: www.diplomatie.gouv.fr . Financial Resource Mobilisation for Implementation of the Strategic Plan for the Basel Convention - Fact Sheets 62 1.7.6 Japan International Co-operation Agency (JICA) 1 Introduction JICA is responsible for the technical cooperation aspect of Japan‘s ODA programs that is aimed at building capacity of developing countries and sharing knowledge that can serve the socioeconomic development of the developing countries. JICA carries out a variety of programs to support the nation building of developing countries through such technical cooperation. The total official development assistance of Japan amounted to USD 9,283 million in 2002.Out of this, about half was provided in the form of bilateral grants. 2 Support to Waste Related Sectors JICA has been cooperating in many countries regarding waste management related sectors through following ways, (1) sending experts who are able to make necessary advice to establish the appropriate waste management system in developing countries (2) making a master plan to improve the waste management system of developing countries (3) conducting training courses in various fields such as urban solid waste management and comprehensive waste management technique. 3 Co-operation Countries and Regions Assistance is provided to a number of countries (155 in 2003) in Asia,the Middle East , the Americas Oceania , and Europe. Countries eligible for grant aid are those that qualify for financing from IDA (see separate fact sheet). 4 Organizations Supported No information on type of organization supported. 5 Type of Financial Assistance Provided Technical co-operation is provided in the form of bilateral grants. 6 Project Size and Co-financing Requirements No requirements specified. 7 Access to Assistance JICA operates under the policies defined by the Japanese Government and according to a country-specific and issue-specific approach, which involves the formulation of plans for specific countries and issues and transcending project types and sectors. 8 Other Information None. . Financial Resource Mobilisation for Implementation of the Strategic Plan for the Basel Convention - Fact Sheets 63 9 Contact Details Japan International Cooperation Agency 6-13F, Shinjuku Maynds Tower 1-1 Yoyogi 2-tyoume, Shibuya-ku, Tokyo 151-8558 Japan Tel: 03-5352-5311/5312/5313/5314 JICA has overseas offices in a number of countries. Their contact details can be found on the web-site. 10 Information Sources Website: http://www.jica.go.jp/ . Financial Resource Mobilisation for Implementation of the Strategic Plan for the Basel Convention - Fact Sheets 64 1.7.7 Japan Bank for International Cooperation (JBIC) 1 Introduction JBIC is in charge of implementing Japanese ODA loans. The basic characteristic of these operations is to provide concessionary long-term, low-interest funds needed for the self-help efforts of developing countries, including infrastructure development and economic stabilization. Japan also provides assistance in the form of the grant aid and the technical cooperation. Japan International Co-operation Agency (JICA) is in change of implementing technical cooperation. The total official development assistance of Japan amounted to USD 9.283 billion in 2002. Out of this, about 25% was provided in the form of ODA loans. 2 Support to Waste Related Sectors As the economy grows, air and water pollution, and the waste disposal problem created by industrial activity or urban living as well as increasing population in urban areas are deteriorating the urban environment in developing countries. In light of this context, JBIC aims at improving the urban environment. Specific priorities include pollution control facilities, including air pollutions control systems, waste water treatment systems, waste disposal systems, and environment-friendly production technology that facilitates recycling and has the least impact on the environment. 3 Co-operation Countries and Regions Assistance in FY2002 was characterized by an intense focus on Asia, the priority region, and seven priority areas in line with the Medium-Term Strategy. By region, 95.7% of the total commitments were made for Asia. A further break-down of the region shows that the share of Southwest Asia increased from 15.4% in the previous year to 30.1%. 4 Organizations Supported ODA loan operations support the public sector of developing countries, including central government, municipal government, and other governmental institutions. NGO, Private Firms and other civil society can be supported in order to enhance aid effectiveness. 5 Type of Financial Assistance Provided There are various kinds of bilateral loans (ODA Loan) as follows; (1) Project Loans: Project Loans, which are predominant among ODA loans, finance projects such as roads, power plants, irrigation, water supply and sewerage facilities. The loans are used for the procurement of facilities, equipment and services, or for conducting civil works and other related works. (2) Engineering Services (E/S) Loans: This type of loans is for engineering services, which are necessary at survey and planning stages of the projects. The services include reviews of feasibility studies, surveys on detailed data on project sites, detailed designs and preparation of bidding documents. Completion of feasibility studies or their equivalent are prerequisite for this type of loans. (3) Financial Intermediary Loans (Two-Step Loans): Financial intermediary loans are implemented through the financial institutions of the recipient country based on the policy- oriented financial system of that country. These loans provide funds necessary for the . Financial Resource Mobilisation for Implementation of the Strategic Plan for the Basel Convention - Fact Sheets 65 implementation of designated policies, such as the promotion of small-and medium-scale enterprises in manufacturing, agriculture, and other specified industries and the construction of facilities to improve the living standards of the poor. These loans are known as "two-step loans" because there are two or more steps before the end-beneficiaries receive the funds. Under this type of loan, funds can be provided to a large number of end-beneficiaries in the private sector. Since these loans are implemented through local financial institutions, they also serve to strengthen the operational capabilities of these institutions and to develop the financial sector of the recipient countries. (4) Structural Adjustment Loans (SAL): This type of loans assists recipient countries to improve economic policies and to implement structural adjustment for overall economies. Prior to loan commitments, JBIC examines structural adjustment programs of recipient countries and sets conditionalities for achieving targets of the programs. In most cases, the loans are disbursed in parts (tranches) as conditionalities are fulfilled. The funds are usually used for the settlement of payments for imported equipment and materials and associated services. If needed, the funds may be also used for consulting services required for implementation of structural adjustment programs. Structural adjustment loans are often co-financed with multilateral institutions. While structural adjustment loans are used for economic policy improvement and reforms of overall economies, sector adjustment loans focus on improving the policies and institutional reforms of specific sectors in recipient countries. (5) Commodity Loans: This type of loans aims for both supports for balance of payments and economic stability of recipient countries. These loans are often used to import commodities such as industrial machinery and raw materials, fertilizer and pesticide, agricultural and other kinds of machinery, which are agreed upon beforehand between the Japanese and recipient governments. Also, local currency (counterpart) funds, paid by importers to governments to obtain foreign currencies provided under the loans, are used for economic and social development. (6) Sector Program Loans (SPL): This type of loans is used to support development policies in prioritized sectors of developing countries. Local currency (counterpart) funds are utilized for public investments for sector-specific improvements. Project-type 6 Project Size and Co-financing Requirements -No restriction on the project size. It depends on the type of loans indicated in the above mentioned. -No co-financing requirements. JBIC has a track record for co-financing with World Bank, ADB, IDB and so on. 7 Access to Assistance ODA loans are available upon request from a recipient country. 8 Other Information None. 9 Contact Details Japan Bank for International Cooperation 4-1, Ohtemachi 1-Chome Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo 100-8144, Japan Tel: 03-5218-3101 . Financial Resource Mobilisation for Implementation of the Strategic Plan for the Basel Convention - Fact Sheets 66 10 Information Sources Website: http://www.jbic.go.jp/ . Financial Resource Mobilisation for Implementation of the Strategic Plan for the Basel Convention - Fact Sheets 67 1.7.8 U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) 1 Introduction The U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) is the principal agency for providing foreign assistance from the United States to developing and transitional countries. The source of funding is the U.S. Federal budget. 2 Support to Waste Related Sectors Environment is one of many areas of operation. Under environment, support is given to pollution prevention and cleaner production, which co-ordinated with assistance to the health sector. Under the strategy for "Making Cities Work", USAID also provides support to urban programs aiming to increase investment in basic urban infrastructure, housing and services, generate increased economic opportunity in cities, promote safe, healthy urban environments, and help city governments more effectively respond to the needs of the urban poor (see http://www.makingcitieswork.org/). In the financial year 2001, the USAID committed approximately USD 1 billion for urban projects, out of which about 10% went to environmental projects. 3 Co-operation Countries and Regions Countries in four regions of the world: Africa, Asia & the Near East, Europe & Eurasia, Latin America & the Caribbean. 4 Organisations Supported No information provided on type of organisations supported. 5 Type of Financial Assistance Provided Assistance is provided in the form of grants. 6 Project Size and Co-financing Requirements No requirements specified. 7 Access to Assistance Every three years USAID publishes a strategic plan that identifies strategic development goals and outlines their linkages with U.S. national security interests, with the last being in 2000. USAID and the State Department are producing a joint strategic plan for FY 2004 to 2009. Each fiscal year the Agency submits its budget justification to the Congress for appropriation. The Congressional Budget Justification (CBJ) reflects the Administration's program and budget request for bilateral foreign economic assistance appropriations on a country-by-country level. Project ideas should conform with the priorities in the strategic plan and CBJ. It is suggested to contact the local office of USAID to discuss project ideas at an early stage. 8 Other Information None. D:\Docstoc\Working\pdf\ff1f0ddb-f916-4580-a4b5-9c34f23601ea.doc . Financial Resource Mobilisation for Implementation of the Strategic Plan for the Basel Convention - Fact Sheets 68 9 Contact Details Ronald Reagan Building, 1300 Pennsylvania Avenue, NW, Washington, D.C. 20523. United States Tel: +1 202-712-0000. Addresses of field offices in various countries and a complete telephone directory are available on the web site. 10 Information Sources Website: www.usaid.gov D:\Docstoc\Working\pdf\ff1f0ddb-f916-4580-a4b5-9c34f23601ea.doc . National Re- sources/ Funds ● User charges ● Company self- Financial Resource Mobilisation for Implementation of the Strategic Plan for the Basel Convention - Fact Sheets 69 financing ● Public budg- ets ● Environ- mental funds Appendix 1 List of International Financing ● Commercial Institutions banks D:\Docstoc\Working\pdf\ff1f0ddb-f916-4580-a4b5-9c34f23601ea.doc .
Pages to are hidden for
"Financial Resource Mobilisation for Implementation of the Strategic "Please download to view full document