Documents
Resources
Learning Center
Upload
Plans & pricing Sign in
Sign Out
Get this document free

1421

VIEWS: 2 PAGES: 36

									          Learning and Labour Market
              Intelligence: Area Profile




                       Powys




Powys

August 2006




                      August 2006
Introduction
The Learning and Labour Market Intelligence Area Profiles sit alongside regional and
national reports for Wales for 2006. The local area report provides information about
labour market and learning provision at Unitary Authority level. Data have been
sourced from several providers and these are acknowledged accordingly.                In
particular, extensive use has been made of Crown Copyright materials, which are
reproduced here under licence.


The data reported in the 2006 reports are up to date and timely in the sense of
embodying most recent revisions. However, there have been some important
changes in information sources which users should be made aware of. The most
important of these concerns the new Lifelong Learning Wales Records (LLWR).
These are now the only source of intelligence for post 16 learning outside the schools
and HE sectors and replace earlier methods of data collection based on Individual
Student Records (ISR) and the National Trainee Database (NTD). With the LLWR
database in its infancy, statistical products are still under development. In an attempt
to avoid a potential hiatus in local area intelligence, provisional data from the LLWR
at the Unitary Authority level were made available by the Department of Education,
Lifelong Learning and Skills (DELLS) and these are described in this report.


The other major change affecting the current reports has been the introduction of the
Annual Population Survey (APS). This replaces the Labour Force Survey (LFS),
although data previously obtained from the LFS sources will still be obtainable from
the APS. However at present, tables on qualifications are not available and further
processing of APS micro-data needs to be carried out before these can be published.
Consequently it has not been possible to revise the workforce qualifications data in
this report.


The area reports are arranged into 5 sections. The first section is simply a one-page
summary of relevant key statistics for the Unitary Authority area and should prove
useful to those who require access to a quick data reference source. This is then
followed by commentary/analysis based on a more thorough examination of
specific learning and labour market data. As with the national and regional reports,
links have been included in the narrative to specific data exhibits contained in a
separate third section.




                                                                                      2
All of the themes identified in the local area reports are also discussed in the regional
and national reports, and periodic cross-referencing between area and regional
report can be helpful for the reader. With this in mind, occasional references have
been included to relevant sections of the appropriate regional/national reports.
However, in an effort to make the area reports “free standing” a fourth information
section has been added. Containing material mostly in the form of annotated maps
and tables, the purpose of this supplementary data section is to enable users to
undertake a limited amount of inter-area comparison without having to resort
excessively to other source documents.


The final section of the area report is a glossary of terms and definitions.




                                                                                       3
                                            Key Statistics

                   Population (mid 2004)                     130,700
                   Working Age population                     75,500

                   Non-white (% work age))                     0.4%
                   Welsh speakers (% age 3+)                  25.2%

                   Activity rate                              79.9%
                   Employment rate                            77.6%

                   ILO Unemployment (% ea                      2.8%

                   DDA + Work limiting disability              9.3%
                   (% working age)

                   GVA per head (% UK average)                  77%
                   Av. Weekly Full Time Earnings             £384.7 1

                   Business stock                             14,405
                   VAT Businesses                              8,075

                   % NVQ 3+                                   38.1%
                   % No qualifications                        17.0%

                   School leavers (yr 11) w/o quals/not        1.4%
                   entering WBL/not continuing in educ..

                   Workforce based learners (WBL)              2,000
                   Workforce development training              9.5%




1
    Median - Residence basis



                                                                        4
Commentary/Analysis
Demographics

•   Between 1993 and 2003, the population of Wales grew by a little under 2%
    though not all areas in Wales have shared in this growth. In fact, most areas in
    Wales can admit to losing some population due to out-migration. More often than
    not the tendency to depopulation is offset by an inbound flow of people and when
    this inflow exceeds the outflow, the result is a larger (if invariably older)
    population.

•   In some cases the inflow may be insufficient to offset the combined effects of
    natural decline and out-migration. The result is a declining or at best stagnating
    population.

•   Powys is a case in point. With a total population of 130,700 in 2004, the county
    has seen its population grow by 7.7% (9,300) compared to a decade earlier
    (Table 1).

•   At the same time that population has grown older. Although, in 2004, Powys had
    400 more children than in 1994, the number of people of retirement age (65 and
    over) had increased by 3,000. Most of these were aged 75 or over (2,700
    people).


Labour Supply and Utilisation

•   With an older population, just 58% is of working age in Powys (60% in Wales as
    a whole). However, 80% of the working age population is economically active
    (75% in Wales as a whole).

•   Both male and female participation rates in the county are significantly higher
    than in Wales as a whole, while employment rates exceed those for Wales as a
    whole and Great Britain overall (Table 2).

•   Almost 1 in 5 people in Powys are self-employed and, among the male
    population, this rises to 29%. Evidently, own account working or running a small
    business is a part of the working pattern for a large proportion of people in Powys,
    and should be taken account of when planning learning provision.

•   Rates of unemployment in Powys, whether measured on a claimants basis
    (Table 4) or ILO basis, are lower than in Wales as a whole or Great Britain
    overall, and suggest there is little spare capacity in the labour market. Even
    among the inactive the number claiming to want to work are below the Welsh or
    Great Britain benchmarks (Table 3).

•   It is generally recognised that older workers (males especially) have fared poorly
    in the “new economy”. Finding it more difficult to adapt to changing conditions,
    they are more at risk to prolonged unemployment, and prone to withdraw from the
    labour market altogether (Table 5). The age structure of unemployment in Powys
    indicates that a disproportionately higher number of older workers make up the
    unemployed in the county. Given the generally tight labour market conditions
    locally, it is possible that a degree of structural unemployment exists which might
    respond favourably to selective measures.


                                                                                      5
Skills and Qualifications
•   Almost 1 in 5 of the Powys workforce is in a skilled trade occupation – a share
    that is well above average. At the same time, sales and customer service, along
    with administrative and secretarial occupations, are comparatively scarce (Table
    6).
•   The qualifications profile of the workforce indicates that significantly fewer people
    are qualified to NVQ 3 or higher (38% as against 40% in Wales as a whole).
    However, more of the workforce has “other qualifications” (11% as against 8% in
    Wales as a whole). At 17%, the proportion of the working age population with no
    qualifications is slightly lower than in Wales overall (Table 7).


Employment and earnings
•   Jobs density figures show the ratio of total jobs to working-age population. The
    total number of jobs is a workplace-based measure, and comprises employees,
    self-employed, government-supported trainees and HM Forces. At 0.9 jobs,
    density in Powys is higher than in Wales as a whole and Great Britain overall
    (Table 8).
•   67% of the employed workforce is in full-time employment – which is less than in
    Wales generally. Most of the labour force (80%) is employed in the service
    economy, with just 14% in manufacturing. Tourism- related activity is also
    important to the local economy, and accounts for 11% of all jobs (Table 9).
•   Earnings data for Powys show that male full-time earnings are around £24 per
    week lower than in Wales, and over £65 per week less than equivalent Great
    Britain earnings. Similar differences are found for women’s earnings (Table 10).


The Business Stock
•   There are over 14,000 businesses in Powys (Table 11a). Micro-enterprises (with
    0-9 employees) and small businesses (10-49 employees) make up 98% of these,
    and account for two thirds of jobs. Although just 1% of the business stock is
    comprised of large firms (250+ employees), this 1% accounts for almost 1 in 5 of
    all jobs (Table 11b).
•   Roughly one half of all enterprises in Powys (8,075) are VAT registered
    businesses. In 2004, de-registrations (a proxy for failures) amounted to 8.3% of
    the VAT stock, while the registration rate (a proxy for business formation) was
    8.6% (Table 12).


Education and Training
School Leavers
•   Longitudinal comparisons for the last five years (Careers Wales) show the
    establishment of a fairly stable pattern, whereby the majority of young people
    completing statutory education in Year 11 (~age 16), opt to continue in some form
    of learning. This pattern is repeated for Year 12 and Year 13 cohorts (~17 and 18
    year olds).
•   Pupil destinations following compulsory education (Table 13) show that 8 out of
    10 children leaving full-time education in Powys continue in some form of learning
    (including work based training).



                                                                                       6
•     Just 1.4% of pupils completing compulsory education in Powys do not achieve a
      recognised qualification and do not (either) enter work based learning or continue
      in full-time education. 2 This is fewer than in Wales generally (2.3%).
•     The number of pupils who entered two or more A/AS levels or the vocational
      equivalent was 555 in 2004/05 and 550 in 2003/04.
•     72% of the 2004/05 pupils achieved two or more A/AS levels at Grade A-C or the
      vocational equivalent, and 96% achieved grades A-E (or the vocational
      equivalent). 3 The corresponding figures for 2003/04 were 72% and 95%
      respectively.


FE, Community and Work Based Learning
•     In 2004/05 some 14,000 learners were domiciled in Powys. Two thirds (66%)
      were part time with just 20% full time. The remaining 14% (some 2000) were
      work based learners (Table 14).
•     9 out of 10 full-time learners were aged 19 or under. However, the part time
      learning population was not surprisingly comprised of older people; 50% of these
      were aged from 25-49 and a further 33% were aged 50 and over.
•     Two thirds (66%) of Work Based Learning was comprised of Modern
      Apprenticeship and Foundation Modern Apprenticeship programmes.
•     Those trainees on the Foundation programmes were slightly younger with 87%
      under 25 years of age and 63% under 20.
•     In contrast just 45% of Modern Apprenticeship trainees were under 25 and 20%
      under 20 (Table 15).


Workforce Development
•     Workforce development is a broader concept than education or training, and
      encompasses those interventions (including education and training) that equip
      individuals with the knowledge and skills to participate more effectively in the
      workplace and in society. The most robust aggregate information relates to
      training received by those in employment and is provided by the Annual
      Population Survey.

•     Estimates from the 2004 Labour Force Survey show that 10% of the employed
      workforce in Powys had received workforce development training (in the 4 weeks
      prior to survey). This compares with a 10% average for the region and 11.4% in
      Wales. Powys ranked 15th in Wales for the proportion of the workforce receiving
      workforce development training (Table 16).




2
  Annual survey of schools in Wales (2003/04),
http://www.wales.gov.uk/keypubstatisticsforwalesheadline/content/schools-
teach/2004/hdw200412161-e.htm
3
    See the Mid Wales regional report for comparisons with other Local Authority Areas.



                                                                                          7
The Welsh Language

•     The demographics of the Welsh language vary considerably across Wales.
      Annual Population Survey estimates show that the highest proportions of Welsh
      speakers are in the North and West, where they exceed 50% in 4 counties -
      Gwynedd (75.3%), Anglesey (62.1%), Ceredigion (60.5%), Carmarthenshire
      (50.2%). The lowest concentrations occur in South East Wales, where in 7 (out of
      8) Unitary Authorities the percentage of Welsh speakers is below 20% (Table
      17). Out of 22 Welsh UAs, Powys has the 8th highest percentage of Welsh
      speakers

•     Linguistic diversity is reflected in the levels of Welsh language provision in
      schools. In Mid Wales, Welsh is provided as a first language in most maintained
      schools. In Ceredigion, Welsh is available as a first language in all schools and in
      84.6% of schools in Powys (Table 18).


Key messages from the Future Skills Wales 2003 survey 4
•     Between February and July 2003 around 6,000 employers and 6,000 households
      were interviewed as part of the Future Skills Wales 2003 Generic Skills Survey. In
      Powys 236 households and 358 employers were interviewed. The aim of the
      survey was to audit the skills requirements of employers in Wales and the skills
      offered by the people who live there.

          The skills most in demand by employers in Powys were: understanding
          customer needs, ability to follow instructions, adaptability / flexibility, showing
          initiative and communication. These were also expected to be the most
          sought after skills in three years time.

          53% of employers in Powys have provided off-the-job training in the last 12
          months, with 15% of these employers experiencing difficulties in finding an
          appropriate training provider.

          73% of residents indicated that they would like to be involved in some form of
          learning; however, 62% experienced some type of barrier to learning. The
          main barriers to learning were practical or financial in nature, as identified by
          49% of residents.

          58% of residents in the Powys area had been involved in training or learning
          in the past 12 months. The most popular forms were keeping up to date with
          developments in work, e.g. reading or attending seminars, and courses
          designed to help develop skills for work.

          Employers’ attitudes were very positive to the importance of skills, with 95%
          agreeing that skills are crucial to business success. However, a lower
          proportion, 73%, agreed that investment in skills brought business benefits.
          15% of employers reported that there was a significant gap between the skills
          that their employees have now and the skills that they need to meet their
          current business objectives.



4
    http://www.futureskillswales.com/eng/content.php?cID=5&pID=1&zID=7


                                                                                           8
Data Tables
Note: Unless otherwise specified all data have been sourced from National Statistics and can
be accessed under the Local Area Profiles wizard at www.nomisweb.co.uk.

Table 1. Population Change 1994-2004 – Mid Wales Unitary Authorities (UAs)

                Population % Change                    Absolute Change 1994-2004
                Mid 2004 1994-2004              All        0-14      15-64      65-74         75+
Ceredigion         78,100        11.7%        8200         -300      6900            0       1500
Powys             130,700         7.7%        9300         400       5900         300        2700
All UAs           208,800         9.1%      17,500         100     12,800         300       4,200

Source: Midyear population estimates (2004): www.nomisweb.co.uk (population and migration theme)




Table 2. Economic Activity by Type of Employment and Gender

                                                  Powys            Powys         Wales        GB
                                               (numbers)             (%)           (%)        (%)
All people
Economically active                                   59,000         79.9          75.2      78.4
In employment                                         57,400         77.6          71.4      74.6
Employees                                             42,500         57.5          62.1      64.9
Self employed                                         14,500         19.7            8.6       9.2
Unemployed                                             1,600           2.8           5.0       4.8
Males
Economically active                                   32,300         82.7          78.9      83.3
In employment                                         31,300         80.2          74.4      78.9
Employees                                             20,000         51.3          61.1      65.3
Self employed                                         11,200         28.7          12.7      13.2
Unemployed                                             1,000           3.1           5.7       5.2
Females
Economically active                                   26,800         76.6          71.3      73.2
In employment                                         26,100         74.8          68.2      69.9
Employees                                             22,500         64.4          63.2      64.5
Self employed                                          3,300           9.5           4.3       4.9
Unemployed                                              600            2.4           4.3       4.4
Source: Annual Population Survey (Oct 2004-Sep 2005)
Percentages are based on working age population, except unemployed, which is based on economically
active.




                                                                                                   9
Table 3. Analysis of Economic Inactivity by Gender and Desire to Work


                                                      Powys           Powys          Wales         GB
                                                   (numbers)            (%)            (%)         (%)

All people
Economically inactive                                  14,900               20.1       24.8        21.6
Wanting a job                                            2,200               3.0         5.8        5.2
Not wanting a job                                      12,700               17.2       19.0        16.4
Males
Economically inactive                                    6,700              17.3       21.1        16.7
Wanting a job                                            1,000               2.5         5.0        4.3
Not wanting a job                                        5,800              14.8       16.1        12.5
Females
Economically inactive                                    8,200              23.4       28.7        26.8
Wanting a job                                            1,200               3.5         6.7        6.3
Not wanting a job                                        6,900              19.9       22.0        20.5
Source: Annual Population Survey (Oct 2004-Sep 2005)
Percentages are based on working age population


Table 4. Unemployment: JSA claimants by Gender (2005)

                                             Powys                Powys             Wales          GB
                                          (numbers)                 (%)               (%)          (%)
All people                                     1,289                  1.7               2.4         2.6
Males                                            904                  2.3               3.6         3.7
Females                                          385                  1.1               1.2         1.4
Source: Claimant count (June 2006), National Statistics
The percentage figures show the number of JSA claimants as a proportion of resident working-age
people



Table 5. JSA Claimants by Age and Duration

                                                       Powys           Powys         Wales         GB
                                                    (numbers)            (%)           (%)         (%)
by age of claimant
Aged 18-24                                                  400             31.0        34.2       29.3
Aged 25-49                                                  575             44.6        49.5       52.9
Aged 50 and over                                            290             22.6        15.3       16.4
by duration of claim
Up to 6 months                                              825             64.0        66.1       63.4
Over 6 up to 12 months                                      275             21.3        20.2       20.9
Over 12 months                                              190             14.8        13.7       15.7
Source: Claimant count - age and duration (June 2006), National Statistics
Note: The percentage figures represent the number of JSA claimants in a particular category as a
percentage of all JSA claimants.




                                                                                                    10
Table 6. Employment by Occupation

                                                            Powys           Powys          Wales          GB
                                                         (numbers)            (%)            (%)          (%)
Soc 2000 major group 1-3                                      20,400            33.4        36.5         41.4
1 Managers and senior officials                                 7,300           11.9        12.3         14.9
2 Professional occupations                                      6,200           10.2        11.0         12.4
3 Associate professional & technical                            6,900           11.3        13.2         14.1
Soc 2000 major group 4-5                                      19,200            31.4        24.9         23.8
4 Administrative & secretarial                                  6,100           10.0        12.4         12.6
5 Skilled trades occupations                                  13,100            21.4        12.5         11.1
Soc 2000 major group 6-7                                        9,300           15.2        16.7         15.6
6 Personal service occupations                                  5,900            9.7         8.2          7.8
7 Sales and customer service occupations                        3,400            5.5         8.5          7.9
Soc 2000 major group 8-9                                      12,100            19.9        21.7         18.9
8 Process plant & machine operatives                            4,900            8.0         9.1          7.5
9 Elementary occupations                                        7,300           11.9        12.6         11.4
Source: Annual Population Survey (Oct 2004-Sep 2005)
Percentages are based on all persons in employment.

Table 7. Workforce Qualifications


                                                        Powys             Powys             Wales         GB
                                                     (numbers)              (%)               (%)         (%)
NVQ4 and above                                            16,000              21.8           22.5        25.2
NVQ3 and above                                            28,000              38.1           40.2        43.1
NVQ2 and above                                            44,000              59.1           60.3        61.5
NVQ1 and above                                            53,000              72.2           74.2        76.0
Other Qualifications                                       8,000              10.8             8.0        8.8
No Qualifications                                         13,000              17.0           17.8        15.1
Source: Local Area Labour Force Survey (Mar 2003-Feb 2004)
All figures are for working age. For an explanation of the qualification levels see the definitions section.




Table 8 Jobs Density


                                    Powys                Powys                  Wales                     GB
                                     (jobs)            (density)             (density)               (density)
Jobs Density                        67,000                    0.9                    0.8                  0.8
Source: Jobs Density (2004), National Statistics

Jobs density is an indicator of employment demand and measures the number of jobs per resident of
working age (16-59/64). For example, a job density of 1.0 would mean that there is one job for every
resident of working age.




                                                                                                           11
Table 9. Employee Jobs

                                                              Powys           Powys       Wales          GB
                                                      (employee jobs)           (%)         (%)          (%)
Total employee jobs                                               45,954             -          -            -
Full-time                                                         27,244         59.3       65.5         68.0
Part-time                                                         18,710         40.7       34.5         32.0


Manufacturing                                                      6,568         14.3       15.3         11.9
Construction                                                       1,998          4.3         4.6          4.5
Services                                                          36,846         80.2       78.3         82.1
Distribution, hotels & restaurants                                11,761         25.6       23.8         24.7
Transport & communications                                         1,613          3.5         4.6          5.9
Finance, IT, other business activities                             5,872         12.8       11.7         20.0
Public admin, education & health                                  14,686         32.0       32.8         26.4
Other services                                                     2,914          6.3         5.4          5.1


Tourism-related                                                    5,142         11.2         8.7          8.2
Source: Annual Business Inquiry employee analysis (2004)
Employee jobs rounded to nearest 100. Percentages are based on total employee jobs.
Reporting restrictions apply to data for energy and water (SIC A,B) and these cannot be identified.
Limitations on coverage also prevent reporting of employees in agriculture and fishing (SIC C,E).




Table 10 Average Earnings

                                                     Powys              Wales                     GB
    Gross weekly pay 5
                                                   (pounds)          (pounds)                (pounds)
Residence basis
Full Time Workers                                      384.7             393.4                   433.1
Male Full Time Workers                                 409.5             433.2                   474.9
Female Full Time Workers                               320.1             337.0                   372.3
Workplace basis
Full Time Workers                                      348.0             389.9                   432.1
Male Full Time Workers                                 400.0             425.7                   473.4
Female Full Time Workers                               295.3             334.8                   372.1
Source: Annual Survey of Hours and Earnings (2005)




5
    Median - Residence basis



                                                                                                      12
Table 11a. Enterprises by Unitary Authority Area

                                             Percent
                                                                    Total
                        Micro      Small      Med         Large                       Numbe
 Local Authority
                         0-9       10-49     50-249       250+      r
                                                                    %
Ceredigion UA             96           2          1             2       100           8,505
Powys UA                  95           3          1             1       100          14,405
Mid Wales
(Total)                   95           3          1             1       100          22,910




Table 11b. Employment by Unitary Authority Area

                                             Percent
                                                                    Total
                        Micro      Small      Med         Large
 Local Authority
                         0-9       10-49     50-249       250+
                                                                    Number
                                                                    %
Ceredigion UA             55         12           9           24        100          24,660
Powys UA                  52         16          13           19        100          45,305
Mid Wales                 53         15          11           21        100          69,965
(Total)
Notes: 1. Ceredigion and Powys UA areas.
Source: National Statistics, Size analysis of Welsh business, Sept 2004
http://www.wales.gov.uk/keypubstatisticsforwales/content/publication/economy/2004/sdr
69-2004/sdr69-2004.pdf




Table 12. VAT- Registered Businesses

                                                 Powys                  Powys     Wales       GB
                                              (numbers)                   (%)       (%)       (%)
Registrations                                          390                  4.8     8.6       10.1
De-registrations                                       535                  6.6     8.3        9.9
Stock (at end of year)                                8,075                   -       -            -
Source: VAT registrations/de-registrations by industry (2004)




                                                                                              13
Table 13. 2004 Destinations of Year 11 pupils by Unitary Authority Area: Mid Wales


                                                          Ceredigion             Powys

   Continuing in Full Time Education
                                                                       79.6%             82.0%
   Work Based Training – non employed status                           6.2%               1.3%
   Work Based Training –employed status                                2.5%               0.7%
   Employed - other                                                    5.5%               4.0%
   Known not in education, employment or training                      3.4%               4.4%
   No response / Left Area                                             2.7%               7.6%
   Total %                                                          100.0%               100.0%
   Number in Cohort                                                      884              1,654

Source Careers Wales.
http://www.careerswales.com/professionals/documentlibrary.asp?language=English




                                                                                                  14
Table 14. FE, Community and Work Based Learners Domiciled in Ceredigion, 2004/05



                                           Numbers
                                                             Work Based
                       Full time          Part time                              All modes
                                                              Learning
19 and under          2,440                    775                 760                   3,975
20-24                   115                    795                 390                   1,300

25-49                   150                4,600                   685                   5,435
50-64                     15               2,250                   160                   2,425
65+                          -                 800                   5                    805
All                   2,720                9,220                 2,000                  13,940




                                               Percent
                                                             Work Based
                       Full time          Part time                              All modes
                                                              Learning
19 and under          17.5%                5.6%                  5.5%                   28.5%
20-24                  0.8%                5.7%                  2.8%                    9.3%

25-49                  1.1%               33.0%                  4.9%                   39.0%
50-64                  0.1%               16.1%                  1.1%                   17.4%
65+                          -             5.7%                  0.0%                    5.8%
All                   19.5%               66.1%               14.3%                    100.0%
Source: Lifelong Learning Records, DELLS (Statistical Services)



Table 15. Workbased Learners by Age and Programme, 2004/05.

                                                Percent

                                 Preparatory     Skills                  Other WBL        All
          MA        FMA                                      MSD
                                  Learning      Learning                 programme    programmes
under
16            -      0.7%              1.4%              -           -            -         2.1%
16-17     1.1%      11.2%              5.5%          2.3%            -        0.2%         20.4%
18-19     5.5%       8.9%              0.2%          0.5%            -        1.6%         16.7%
20-24     8.5%       7.8%              0.2%          0.2%        0.5%         2.1%         19.3%
25-49    16.1%       3.9%              3.4%          3.4%        5.5%         0.7%         33.0%
50-64     2.3%       0.5%              2.3%          1.1%        1.8%         0.5%          8.5%
65+           -          -                 -             -           -            -             -
All      33.5%      33.0%             13.1%          7.6%        7.8%         5.0%        100.0%
Source Lifelong Learning Records, DELLS (Statistical Services)

Note: Total number of Workbased learners = 2,200




                                                                                                 15
Table 16. Workforce Development - Proportion of those in employment receiving
training in the last 4 weeks – Mid Wales Unitary Authorities

                                 Percentage       Rank in Wales for
                                receiving job     proportion
                               related training   receiving job
                                                  related training
                                                  (highest=1)
Ceredigion                           9.6                   14
Powys                                9.5                   15
Mid Wales                            9.5
Wales                                11.4

Source: Annual Population Survey Apr 2004-Mar 2005, National Statistics
Note: All are working age

Table 17. Welsh Speakers by Unitary Authority Area

Unitary Authority           ELWa Region                    Percentage of  Percentage of   Rank for
                                                           population     population      proportion of
                                                           speaking Welsh speaking        population
                                                                          Welsh, all      speaking Welsh
                                                                          Wales           (1=highest)
Anglesey                    North Wales                         62.1%         27.2%             2
Blaenau Gwent               South East Wales                    16.2%         27.2%            =19
Bridgend                    South East Wales                    14.7%         27.2%             21
Caerphilly                  South East Wales                    18.8%         27.2%             15
Cardiff                     South East Wales                    20.1%         27.2%             14
Carmarthenshire             South West Wales                    50.2%         27.2%             4
Ceredigion                  Mid Wales                           60.5%         27.2%             3
Conwy                       North Wales                         38.3%         27.2%             6
Denbighshire                North Wales                         39.0%         27.2%             5
Flintshire                  North Wales                         25.0%         27.2%             9
Gwynedd                     North Wales and Mid Wales           75.3%         27.2%             1
Merthyr Tydfil              South East Wales                    20.2%         27.2%             13
Monmouthshire               South East Wales                    17.0%         27.2%             18
Neath Port Talbot           South West Wales                    20.5%         27.2%             12
Newport                     South East Wales                    15.2%         27.2%             20
Pembrokeshire               South West Wales                    26.1%         27.2%             7
Powys                       Mid Wales                           25.2%         27.2%             8
Rhondda, Cynon, Taff        South East Wales                    21.1%         27.2%             11
Swansea                     South West Wales                    16.2%         27.2%            =19
Torfaen                     South East Wales                    18.5%         27.2%             16
Vale of Glamorgan           South East Wales                    18.0%         27.2%             17
Wrexham                     North Wales                         21.5%         27.2%             10

Source: Annual Population Survey Apr 2004-Mar 2005, National Statistics




                                                                                               16
Table 18. Maintained secondary schools teaching Welsh, 2002/03

                                              Percent

                    Welsh as both a      Welsh as a first    Welsh as a          All schools
                    first and second     language only       second
                    language                                 language only
   Powys                      84.6                 0.0              15.4                100.0
   Ceredigion                 71.4                28.6                0.0                100.0
 Source: Digest of Welsh Local Area Statistics, 2004

http://www.wales.gov.uk/keypubstatisticsforwales/content/publication/compendia/2004/dwlas2004/dwlas
2004-ch6/dwlas2004-t6-14.xls




                                                                                                 17
Supplementary Tables and Maps

S1. Economic Activity Rates – All of Working Age

S2. Economic Inactivity Rates – Over 50 to retirement age

S3. Employment in Unitary Authority Areas, 2005

S4. Unemployment in Unitary Authorities

S5. Workforce Qualifications

S6. Numbers in Unitary Authorities with qualifications at NVQ level 2 and over

S7. Average Gross Weekly Full-Time Earnings by UA (Workplace Basis)

S8. Welsh Index of Deprivation Overall Index of Multiple Deprivation (Ward Level)

S9. Notified Vacancies in Wales, May 2005

S10. Percentages of the adult population (aged 16-60) who have ‘low’, ‘lower’ and
‘very low’ literacy skills

S11. Percentages of the adult population (aged 16-60) who have low, lower and very
low numeracy skills

S12. GVA per head by NUTS 3 area

S13. Qualification aims of FE students by subject and region in 2002/03




                                                                                    18
S1. Economic Activity Rates – All of Working Age




            The highest rates of participation in
            Wales are in Flintshire, Denbighshire,
            Powys and Monmouthshire.                 Legend

                                                              77.31 - 79.71
            Caerphilly, Blaenau Gwent, Neath Port
            Talbot and Merthyr Tydfil have the                74.91 - 77.30
            lowest activity rates in Wales.
                                                              72.41 - 74.90

            Source: Annual Population Survey Apr              70.01 - 72.40
            2004-Mar 2005, National Statistics
                                                              67.61 - 70.00




                                                                          19
S2. Economic Inactivity Rates – Over 50 to retirement age




     Disengagement from the labour market
                                                            Legend
     amongst those aged 50 to retirement age is
     highest in the South Eastern Valleys,                           47.41 - 53.31
     particularly in Neath Port Talbot and Merthyr
     Tydfil.                                                         41.41 - 47.40

                                                                     35.51 - 41.40
     Inactivity rates for those aged 50 to
     retirement age are predominantly low in Mid                     29.51 - 35.50
     Wales.
                                                                     23.61 - 29.50
     Source: Annual Population Survey Apr 2004-
     Mar 2005, National Statistics




                                                                                 20
S3. Employment in Unitary Authority Areas, 2005


CCET/Authority    ELWa Region      Number       Employment rate Employment    Employment      Rank for
                                   employed     (employment as rate in ELWa   rate in Wales   employment
                                   (including   % of working    region                        rate
                                   self-        age population)                               (1=highest)
                                   employed)
Anglesey          North Wales
                                    28,200         71.6           75.2          71.3          11
Blaenau Gwent     South East
                  Wales             26,100         63.3           70.2          71.3
                                                                                              21
Bridgend          South East
                  Wales             57,900         74.8           70.2          71.3
                                                                                              6
Caerphilly        South East
                  Wales             68,400         65.8           70.2          71.3
                                                                                              18
Cardiff           South East
                  Wales            138,100         71.7           70.2          71.3
                                                                                              10
Carmarthenshire   South West
                  Wales             69,200         68.3           69.0          71.3
                                                                                              17
Ceredigion        Mid Wales
                                    33,600         68.7           73.1          71.3          16
Conwy             North Wales
                                    46,400         75.6           75.2          71.3          5
Denbighshire      North Wales
                                    41,800         75.9           75.2          71.3          4
Flintshire        North Wales
                                    72,300         77.6           75.2          71.3          1
Gwynedd           North Wales and
                  Mid Wales       50,400           73.7           75.2          71.3
                                                                                              =8
Merthyr Tydfil    South East
                  Wales             21,200         63.6           70.2          71.3
                                                                                              20
Monmouthshire     South East
                  Wales             39,000         76.6           70.2          71.3
                                                                                              2
Neath Port Talbot South West
                  Wales             50,800         63.8           69.0          71.3
                                                                                              19
Newport           South East
                  Wales             55,800         68.9           70.2          71.3
                                                                                              15
Pembrokeshire     South West
                  Wales             46,600         69.9           69.0          71.3
                                                                                              13
Powys             Mid Wales
                                    56,200         76.0           73.1          71.3          3
Rhondda, Cynon, South East
Taff            Wales               95,100         69.0           70.2          71.3
                                                                                              14
Swansea           South West
                  Wales             96,600         72.3           69.0          71.3
                                                                                              9
Torfaen           South East
                  Wales             38,400         70.8           70.2          71.3
                                                                                              12
Vale of           South East
Glamorgan         Wales             53,600         73.7           70.2          71.3
                                                                                              =8
Wrexham           North Wales
                                    59,800         74.4           75.2          71.3          7

Source: Annual Population Survey Apr 2004 – Mar 2005, National Statistics



  Mid Wales and North Wales have higher employment rates than Wales overall. Flintshire
  has the highest employment rate. Employment rates are lowest in Blaenau Gwent.




                                                                                                      21
S4. Unemployment in Unitary Authorities


  % of Resident Working Age Population in receipt of JSA




                                                                                    Legend

                                                                                                  3.96 - 4.60

                                                                                                  3.32 - 3.95

                                                                                                  2.68 - 3.31

                                                                                                  2.04 - 2.67

                                                                                                  1.40 - 2.03




Source: Proportion of resident working age population estimates. Claimant count with rates and proportions. March 2006 NOMIS




    % of Working Age Unemployed (ILO) Basis




                                                                                    Legend

                                                                                                  6.30 - 7.30

                                                                                                  5.30 - 6.29

                                                                                                  4.30 - 5.29

                                                                                                  3.30 - 4.29

                                                                                                  2.30 - 3.29




Source: Annual Population Survey Apr 2004-Mar
2005, National Statistics



Unemployment rates are highest in the South Eastern Valleys, and lowest in North and Mid
Wales.




                                                                                                             22
S5 Workforce Qualifications


     % With No        Qualifications    -                           % Qualified to NVQ 4+ - Working
     Working Age                                                    Age




   The South Eastern Valleys have the highest proportion of working age people without any
   qualifications, and the lowest proportion of working age people qualified to NVQ level 4 and
   above. The highest percentage of the working age population qualified to NVQ level 4 or
   above is found in Monmouthshire and Cardiff.

   Source: National Statistics, Local Area Labour Force Survey 2003-04




                                                                                            23
S6. Numbers in Unitary Authorities with qualifications at NVQ level 2 and over


 Unitary Authority   ELWa Region     Number with Percentage of     ELWa region   Wales         Rank for
                                     NVQ level 2 working age       percentage    percentage    percentage
                                     and over    population with   with NVQ      with NVQ      with NVQ
                                                 NVQ level 2 and   level 2 and   level 2 and   level 2 and
                                                 over              over          over          over
 Anglesey          North Wales          25,000          63.5%          63.2%        60.3%              10
 Blaenau Gwent     South East
                   Wales                17,000          41.1%          58.2%        60.3%              22
 Bridgend          South East
                   Wales                45,000          58.4%          58.2%        60.3%              15
 Caerphilly        South East
                   Wales                53,000          51.5%          58.2%        60.3%              20
 Cardiff           South East
                   Wales              128,000           66.6%          58.2%        60.3%               3
 Carmarthenshire South West
                   Wales                61,000          60.1%          61.1%        60.3%              13
 Ceredigion        Mid Wales            33,000          69.1%          62.7%        60.3%               1
 Conwy             North Wales          37,000          60.6%          63.2%        60.3%              11
 Denbighshire      North Wales          35,000          64.6%          63.2%        60.3%               6
 Flintshire        North Wales          59,000          63.7%          63.2%        60.3%               8
 Gwynedd           North Wales and
                   Mid Wales            46,000          66.1%          63.0%        60.3%               4
 Merthyr Tydfil    South East
                   Wales                17,000          49.4%          58.2%        60.3%              21
 Monmouthshire     South East
                   Wales                34,000          68.3%          58.2%        60.3%               2
 Neath Port Talbot South West
                   Wales                44,000          54.6%          61.1%        60.3%              17
 Newport           South East
                   Wales                46,000          56.2%          58.2%        60.3%              16
 Pembrokeshire     South West
                   Wales                42,000          63.6%          61.1%        60.3%               9
 Powys             Mid Wales            44,000          59.1%          62.7%        60.3%              14
 Rhondda, Cynon, South East
 Taff              Wales                75,000          54.1%          58.2%        60.3%              18
 Swansea           South West
                   Wales                86,000          64.5%          61.1%        60.3%               7
 Torfaen           South East
                   Wales                29,000          53.9%          58.2%        60.3%              19
 Vale of Glamorgan South East
                   Wales                47,000          66.1%          58.2%        60.3%               4
 Wrexham           North Wales          48,000          60.2%          63.2%        60.3%              12

  Source: National Statistics, Local Area Labour Force Survey 2003-04


   The percentage of the working age population with NVQ level 2 and over in Ceredigion,
   Monmouthshire, Cardiff and Gwynedd is higher than the Welsh average.
   Blaenau Gwent has the lowest proportion of working age people with NVQ level 2 and
   over.




                                                                                                             24
S7. Average Gross Weekly Full-Time Earnings by UA (Residence
Basis)
Unitary Authority                   Gross Full-     Rank
                                    Time Weekly
                                    Earnings
Anglesey                               401.9                8
Blaenau Gwent                          347.6               21
Bridgend                               436.1                2
Caerphilly                             385.2               12                     Legend
Cardiff                                422.7                6                              9.51 - 11.01
Carmarthenshire                        364.4               19
Ceredigion                             366.3               16                              7.91 - 9.50
Conwy                                  379.2               14                              6.41 - 7.90
Denbighshire                           376.7               15
Flintshire                             432.8                                               4.81 - 6.40
                                                            3
Gwynedd                                364.2               20                              3.31 - 4.80
Merthyr Tydfil                         364.7               18
Monmouthshire                          495.1                1
Neath Port Talbot                      391.6               10
Newport                                424.5                5
Pembrokeshire                          343.4               22
Powys                                  384.7               13
Rhondda, Cynon, Taff                   366.0               17
Swansea                                389.1               11
Torfaen                                418.4                7
Vale of Glamorgan                      425.3                4
Wrexham                                397.5                9
Source: Annual Survey of Hours and Earnings 2005, National Statistics, Median –
Residence Based




Bridgend and Flintshire have the highest average gross weekly
earnings in Wales, whereas Powys has the lowest.
                                                                                                25
S8. Welsh Index of Deprivation Overall Index of Multiple Deprivation


The Welsh Index of Multiple Deprivation 2005 (WIMD) is the official measure of
deprivation for small areas in Wales. It was developed for the Welsh Assembly
Government by the Assembly’s Statistical Directorate and the Local Government
Data Unit (Wales). It replaces the index which was produced in 2000.
The 2005 index has been based on new geographies called Super Output Areas
(SOAs) each having roughly the same population. There are three levels: Lower
Layer (the smallest), Middle Layer, and Upper Layer (the largest). There are 1,896
Lower Layer Super Output Areas (LSOAs) in Wales each having about 1,500 people.
Deprivation scores have been worked out for each of these LSOAs: higher scores
mean more deprivation.

Users should note there are limitations to the use of the Index:


       Differences in deprivation score can only be interpreted qualitatively. Thus if
       area A has a score of 40 and area B one of 20, it does not follow that A is twice
       as deprived as B

       Deprivation scores from the 2005 index cannot be compared with those from
       2000 as the index was calculated differently.

       Deprivation scores cannot be compared with those from the deprivation indices
       of other parts of the UK.

       There are no official local authority deprivation scores. Local authority scores
       can be worked out but there are several ways to do it, and there is no single
       obviously right way to do it.


There are 127 Lower Super Output Areas (LSOAs) in the Ceredigion and Powys and
none are among the 10% most deprived in Wales. The 2005 Index of Deprivation
shows that both Ceredigion and Powys have 77% of their LSOAs in the 50% least
deprived in Wales and consequently have below average levels of deprivation.


For more information about the 2005 data and related output follow the link below

http://www.wales.gov.uk/keypubstatisticsforwales/wimd/wimd2005-analysis/wimd2005-
analysis-r1.htm




                                                                                      26
S9. Notified Vacancies in Wales, May 2006

ELWa Region              UA                              Total             Vacancy Rate (%)
North Wales             Anglesey                          111                      0.4
South East Wales        Blaenau Gwent                     138                      0.5
South East Wales        Bridgend                          533                      0.9
South East Wales        Caerphilly                        554                      0.8
South East Wales        Cardiff                          1,713                     1.2
South West Wales        Carmarthenshire                   504                      0.7
Mid Wales               Ceredigion                        351                      1.0
North Wales             Conwy                             377                      0.8
North Wales             Denbighshire                      381                      0.9
North Wales             Flintshire                        651                      0.9
North Wales and Mid
                        Gwynedd                           684
Wales                                                                              1.4
South East Wales        Merthyr Tydfil                    308                      1.5
South East Wales        Monmouthshire                     305                      0.8
South West Wales        Neath Port Talbot                 392                      0.8
South East Wales        Newport                           765                      1.4
South West Wales        Pembrokeshire                     440                      0.9
Mid Wales               Powys                             711                      1.3
South East Wales        Rhondda, Cynon, Taff              628                      0.7
South West Wales        Swansea                          1,115                     1.2
South East Wales        Torfaen                           322                      0.8
South East Wales        Vale of Glamorgan                 360                      0.7
North Wales             Wrexham                           461                      0.8
                        Total                            11,804

Interpretation of these data needs to take account of changes in recent years to Jobcentre Plus
procedures for taking and handling vacancies. These figures are not fully comparable over time
and may not indicate developments in the labour market. A more detailed explanation is
available at www.nomisweb.co.uk

Source: National Statistics, Job Centre Plus Vacancies




 Vacancy rates (notified vacancies as a % of employment) are highest in Gwynedd, Newport
 and Cardiff while Anglesey and Blaenau Gwent have the lowest rates. Caution should be
 exercised in reading too much into these differences, which may reflect spatial variations in
 informal recruitment as much as they do the demand for labour.




                                                                                           27
S10. Percentages of the adult population (aged 16-60) who have ‘low’, ‘lower’ and ‘very
low’ literacy skills

  Region                Unitary Authority          Total          Low       Lower      Very      Total %
                                                 population                            Low
                                                 aged 16-60
  North Wales          Conwy                       60,388            15.5        6.1       4.7      26.4
                       Denbighshire                50,632            15.8        5.8       4.6      26.2
                       Flintshire                  88,666            16.0        6.1       4.6      26.6
                       Gwynedd                     66,891            17.3        5.7       5.0      28.0
                       Isle of Anglesey            36,716            16.5        5.8       4.8      27.1
                       Wrexham                     72,987            16.6        6.8       5.7      29.1
  Mid Wales            Ceredigion                  42,284            17.5        4.9       4.3      26.7
                       Powys                       71,308            17.7        5.5       4.8      28.0
  South West           Carmarthenshire             94,635            17.1        6.4       5.1      28.6
  Wales
                       Neath Port Talbot           79,582            17.0        7.7       6.1      30.9
                       Pembrokeshire               64,251            17.5        5.9       5.2      28.6
                       Swansea                    133,750            15.9        6.2       5.7      27.7
  South East           Blaenau Gwent               41,918            17.1        8.7       7.3      33.1
  Wales
                       Bridgend                    76,492            16.2        6.9       5.5      28.6
                       Caerphilly                  98,371            17.1        8.0       6.4      31.6
                       Cardiff                    192,660            15.1        5.2       5.8      26.1
                       Merthyr Tydfil              32,429            17.1        8.3       7.2      32.6
                       Monmouthshire               51,507            15.0        4.7       4.0      23.8
                       Newport                     79,006            16.2        6.5       6.1      28.9
                       Rhondda, Cynon,            143,089            16.9        7.5       6.4      30.8
                       Taff
                       Torfaen                     52,298            16.7        7.6       6.6      30.9
                       Vale of Glamorgan           66,960            15.4        5.6       4.6      25.6
  All Wales                                     1,696,820                                          28.0
Source: Adults’ basic skills: benchmark information on the scale of need in different areas of Wales.
        The Basic Skills Agency, 2001.


 The poorest literacy skills are found in former industrial areas and the South East Valleys,
 whereas the highest literacy skills are found in the more prosperous areas of North East
 Wales, Cardiff, The Vale of Glamorgan and Monmouthshire.




                                                                                                        28
S11. Percentages of the adult population (aged 16-60) who have low, lower and very
low numeracy skills

  Region                Unitary Authority          Total          Low       Lower      Very      Total %
                                                 population                            Low
                                                 aged 16-60
  North Wales          Conwy                       60,388            14.7        8.6       7.5      30.9
                       Denbighshire                50,632            14.2        8.4       6.8      29.4
                       Flintshire                  88,666            13.8        8.2       6.3      28.4
                       Gwynedd                     66,891            14.8        9.2       7.2      31.2
                       Isle of Anglesey            36,716            14.4        8.8       6.8      30.0
                       Wrexham                     72,987            14.9        9.4       8.0      32.3
  Mid Wales            Ceredigion                  42,284            14.0        8.6       6.7      29.3
                       Powys                       71,308            15.2        9.3       6.9      31.3
  South West           Carmarthenshire             94,635            15.7        9.5       7.5      32.6
  Wales
                       Neath Port Talbot           79,582            16.0      10.0        9.0      35.1
                       Pembrokeshire               64,251            15.1        9.4       7.5      32.0
                       Swansea                    133,750            13.6        8.9       7.8      30.3
  South East           Blaenau Gwent               41,918            16.7      11.2       10.5      38.3
  Wales
                       Bridgend                    76,492            14.7        9.2       7.8      31.7
                       Caerphilly                  98,371            15.8      10.4        9.3      35.5
                       Cardiff                    192,660            12.0        8.0       7.8      27.7
                       Merthyr Tydfil              32,429            16.1      10.9       10.5      37.5
                       Monmouthshire               51,507            12.1        7.2       4.9      24.2
                       Newport                     79,006            14.1        9.3       8.3      31.8
                       Rhondda, Cynon,            143,089            15.6      10.1        8.9      34.6
                       Taff
                       Torfaen                     52,298            15.5      10.1        9.4      35.1
                       Vale of Glamorgan           66,960            12.8        7.8       6.1      26.8
  All Wales                                     1,696,820                                           32.0
Source: Adults’ basic skills: benchmark information on the scale of need in different areas of Wales.
        The Basic Skills Agency, 2001




 More people in Wales have difficulty with numeracy than literacy. As with literacy, the
 poorest numeracy skills are found in former industrial areas and the South East Valleys,
 whereas the highest numeracy skills are found in the more prosperous areas of North East
 Wales, Cardiff, The Vale of Glamorgan and Monmouthshire.




                                                                                                        29
S12. GVA per head by NUTS 3 area




                                                                                     Bridgend
                     West                                                            and                                                              Cardiff
                     Wales                           Conwy and   South               Neath                                      Flintshire            and the    Monmouth-
                     and the   Isle of               Denbigh     West                Port       Central   Gwent      East       and                   Vale of    shire and
          Wales      Valleys   Anglesey   Gwynedd    -shire      Wales     Swansea   Talbot     Valleys   Valleys    Wales      Wrexham      Powys    Glam       Newport
   1995     9,026     7,983       5,860      8,714       7,737     7,768     8,704      9,186    7,580       7,432     10,912     11,831      9,133     11,394         9,852
   1996     9,431     8,326       6,113      8,974       8,097     7,986     9,130      9,688    7,950       7,742     11,412     12,447      9,374     11,888        10,377
   1997     9,822     8,576       6,392      9,005       8,283     8,045     9,544    10,101     8,254       8,020     12,045     13,072      9,636     12,583        11,109
   1998    10,189     8,750       6,638      8,942       8,383     8,042    10,069    10,103     8,503       8,331     12,739     13,338      9,975     13,478        12,143
   1999    10,506     8,894       6,865      8,967       8,480     8,167    10,590      9,991    8,607       8,544     13,354     13,489     10,108     14,356        13,091
   2000    10,917     9,186       7,272      9,233       8,775     8,467    11,270    10,023     8,918       8,752     13,961     13,678     10,388     15,297        13,751
   2001    11,515     9,620       7,851     10,001       9,188     8,869    12,050    10,293     9,374       8,971     14,845     14,067     11,063     16,696        14,390
   2002    12,067    10,074       8,294     10,910       9,615     9,235    12,763    10,670     9,939       9,177     15,555     14,533     11,632     17,744        14,830
   2003    12,716    10,578       8,747     11,820      10,071     9,659    13,507    11,094    10,486       9,531     16,446     15,384     12,459     18,794        15,503
Annual
%            4.5%      3.6%        5.5%      4.0%        3.4%       2.7%     6.1%       2.3%     4.3%        3.1%       5.6%        3.3%      4.0%        7.2%         6.4%
change

Source: Statswales




                                                                                                                                                                 31
S13. Qualification aims of FE, Community and Work Based Learners (2004/05).

                               Percent

                              North       Mid      South     South
Subject for each              Wales      Wales     West      East
Qualification aim                                  Wales     Wales
Health, Public Services and
Care                              12         10         9           9
Science and Mathematics            4          5         4           5
Agriculture, Horticulture
and Animal Care                    2          4         1           1
Engineering and
Manufacturing
Technologies                       6          4         5          4
Construction, Planning and
the Built Environment              3          3         3           3
Information and
Communication
Technology                        13         12        11         11
Retail and Commercial
Enterprise                         3          3         3           3
Leisure, Travel and
Tourism                            3          3         3           3
Arts, Media and Publishing         5          6         8           8
History, Philosophy and
Theology                           2          3         3          2
Social Sciences                    2          1         1          2
Languages, Literature and
Culture                            5          7         6          6
Education and Training             3          1         1          2
Preparation for Life and
Work                              30         27        37         35
Business, Administration
and Law                            6         8          5           6
Unknown                            3         4          1           2
Total                            100       100        100         100
Source: Lifelong Learning Records, DELLS (Statistical Services)




                                                                              32
Terms and Definitions
Resident Population
The estimated population of an area includes all those usually resident in the area, whatever
their nationality. HM Forces stationed outside the United Kingdom are excluded but foreign
forces stationed here are included. Students are taken to be resident at their term-time
address.

The population estimates contain the latest revisions including the new provisional population
estimates for Manchester published by the Office for National Statistics on 4 Nov 2003.
Working age includes males aged 16 to 64 and females aged 16 to 59.

Labour Supply
All figures in this section, except earnings, come from the Annual Population Survey (APS).
The APS is a new survey and is the largest regular household survey in the United Kingdom.
It includes data from the Labour Force Survey (LFS), the annual LFS sample boosts in
England, Wales and Scotland, plus an extra boost aimed at achieving a sample of at least
500 economically active adults in each local authority district in England. This first publication
of APS data covers the period January to December 2004, and includes data from a sample
of over 214,000 UK households consisting of around 500,000 people, of whom over 390,000
are aged 16 and over.

As APS estimates are based on statistical samples, they are subject to sampling variability.
This means that if another sample for the same period were drawn, a different estimate might
be produced. In general, the larger the number of people in the sample, the smaller the
variation between estimates. Estimates for smaller areas such as local/unitary authorities are
therefore less reliable than those for larger areas such as regions and countries. When the
sample size is considered too small to produce reliable estimates, the estimates are replaced
with a # in tables.

The concepts and definitions used are agreed by the International Labour Organization (ILO),
an agency of the United Nations. As a household survey, the figures relate to where people
live.

Economically active: People aged 16 and over who are either in employment or
unemployed.
Economic activity rate (working age): The number of people, who are economically active
aged 16 to 59/64, expressed as a percentage of all working age people.
In employment: People aged 16 or over who did some paid work in the reference week
(whether as an employee or self employed); those who had a job that they were temporarily
away from (on holiday, for example); those on Government-supported training and
employment programmes; and those doing unpaid family work.
Employment rate (working age): The number of people in employment aged 16 to 59/64
expressed as a percentage of all working age people.
Employees and self employed: The division between employees and self employed is
based on survey respondents' own assessment of their employment status. The percentage
figures show the number in each category as a percentage of all working age people. The
sum of employees and self employed will not equal the in employment figure due to the
inclusion of those on government-supported training and employment programmes, and those
doing unpaid family work in the latter.
Unemployment: Refers to people without a job who were available to start work in the two
weeks following their interview and who had either looked for work in the four weeks prior to
interview or were waiting to start a job they had already obtained.
Unemployment rate (working age): The number of unemployed people aged 16 to 59/64
expressed as a percentage of the economically active population aged 16 to 59/64.


                                                                                               33
Economically inactive: People who are neither in employment nor unemployed. This group
includes, for example, all those who were looking after a home or retired.
Wanting a job: People not in employment who want a job but are not classed as unemployed
because they have either not sought work in the last four weeks or are not available to start
work.
Not wanting a job: People who are neither in employment nor unemployed and who do not
want a job.

Disability

In the LFS, a person is classed as disabled if they are disabled according to one or both of
the following two definitions:

DDA group - those who identify themselves as having a current disability covered by
the 1995 Disability Discrimination Act.
This covers people who said they had a health problem or disability they felt would last for
more than a year and who said this problem or disability would ‘substantially limit their ability
to carry out normal day-to-day activities’. Additionally, people with progressive illnesses (eg
cancer, multiple sclerosis, symptomatic HIV, Parkinson’s disease, muscular dystrophy) are
also included under this definition.

Work-limiting group
People who said they had a health problem or disability they felt would last for more than a
year and who said that the health problem or disability in question ‘affected either the kind or
amount of paid work they could do’.
Qualifications
Further processing is needed before qualifications data can be published from the APS. Until
this is completed, the qualifications data will continue to be taken from the 2003 annual
Labour Force Survey.
No qualifications: No formal qualifications held
Other qualifications: includes foreign qualifications and some professional qualifications
NVQ 1 equivalent: e.g. fewer than 5 GCSEs at grades A-C, foundation GNVQ, NVQ                  1,
intermediate 1 national qualification (Scotland) or equivalent
NVQ 2 equivalent: e.g. 5 or more GCSEs at grades A-C, intermediate GNVQ, NVQ                   2,
intermediate 2 national qualification (Scotland) or equivalent
NVQ 3 equivalent: e.g. 2 or more A levels, advanced GNVQ, NVQ 3, 2 or more higher              or
advanced higher national qualifications (Scotland) or equivalent
NVQ 4 equivalent and above: e.g. HND, Degree and Higher Degree level qualifications            or
equivalent
Earnings by residence
The figures show the median earnings in pounds for employees living in the area who are on
adult rates of pay and whose pay was not affected by absence. Figures for earnings come
from the Annual Survey of Hours and Earnings (ASHE). The ASHE is based on a 1 per cent
sample of employees, information on whose earnings and hours is obtained from employers.
The survey does not cover self-employed. In 2004 information related to the pay period which
included 21 April.

The earnings information collected relates to gross pay before tax, national insurance or other
deductions, and excludes payments in kind. It is restricted to earnings relating to the survey
pay period and so excludes payments of arrears from another period made during the survey
period; any payments due as a result of a pay settlement but not yet paid at the time of the
survey will also be excluded.

Working-age Benefits
JSA claimant count records the number of people claiming Jobseekers Allowance (JSA) and
National Insurance credits at Jobcentre Plus local offices. People claiming JSA must declare



                                                                                               34
that they are out of work, capable of, available for and actively seeking work during the week
in which the claim is made.

The percentage figures express the number of claimants resident in an area as a percentage
of the working age population resident in that area. Working age is defined as 16-64 for males
and 16-59 for females. The working age population figures used to calculate claimant count
proportions are derived from the mid-2002 population estimates.

The count of total JSA claimants is mostly derived from the Jobcentre Plus computer records.
For various reasons, e.g. when a claimant's National Insurance number is not known, a few
claims have to be dealt with manually by local offices. These clerical claims, which amount to
less than 1 per cent of the total, are counted separately and not analysed in as much detail as
the computerised claims. The count of total JSA claimants includes clerical claims, but only
the computerised claims are analysed by age and duration.

Labour Demand
Labour demand includes jobs and vacancies - data on vacancies will be included in the profile
when they become available for local authority areas.
Jobs density
The numbers of jobs per resident of working age (16-59/64). For example, a job density of 1.0
would mean that there is one job for every resident of working age. The total number of jobs
is a workplace-based measure and comprises employees, self-employed, government-
supported trainees and HM Forces. The number of working age residents figures used to
calculate jobs densities are based on the mid-2001 population estimates.
Employee jobs
The number of jobs held by employees. The information comes from the Annual Business
Inquiry (ABI) - an employer survey conducted in December of each year. The survey samples
around 78,000 businesses. The ABI records a job at the location of an employee's workplace
(rather than at the location of the business's main office).
Full-time and part-time: In the ABI, part-time employees are those working for 30 or fewer
hours per week.
Tourism-related includes the following sectors:
  551 Hotels
  552 Camping sites etc
  553 Restaurants
  554 Bars
  633 Activities of travel agencies etc
  925 Library, archives, museums etc
  926 Sporting activities
  927 Other recreational activities
Earnings by workplace
The figures show the median earnings in pounds for employees working in the area who are
on adult rates of pay and whose pay was not affected by absence. Figures for earnings come
from the Annual Survey of Hours and Earnings (ASHE). The ASHE is based on a 1 per cent
sample of employees, information on whose earnings and hours is obtained from employers.
The survey does not cover self-employed. In 2004 information related to the pay period which
included 21 April.

The earnings information collected relates to gross pay before tax, national insurance or other
deductions, and excludes payments in kind. It is restricted to earnings relating to the survey
pay period and so excludes payments of arrears from another period made during the survey
period; any payments due as a result of a pay settlement but not yet paid at the time of the
survey will also be excluded.

VAT Registered Businesses
VAT registrations and de-registrations are the best official guide to the pattern of business
start-ups and closures. They are an indicator of the level of entrepreneurship and of the



                                                                                            35
health of the business population. As such they are used widely in regional and local
economic planning.

The source of these figures is the Inter-Departmental Business Register (IDBR) which
contains records of all businesses registered for VAT. Coverage of the statistics is complete
in all parts of the economy except a few VAT exempt sectors and the very smallest one
person businesses operating below the threshold for VAT registration (at the end of 2002, the
VAT threshold was an annual turnover of £55,000).




                                                                                          36

								
To top