Key facts and figures for Sudan with a focus on Darfur by zhangyun

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									FACTS
Key facts and figures for Sudan with a focus on Darfur


  Geography and demographics                                                                                        Map and focus areas
                          2 1
      Area Sudan (km )                                                                               2,505,813
                                              1
      Area comparative Sudan                                                            1.07x DRC, 6x Sweden
      Area Darfur (km2) 1                                                                              493,180                                                           EAST
                                              1
      Area comparative Darfur                                                        0.9x France; 1.1x Sweden
                                                                                                                                                              Khartoum
      El Fasher, Nyala, El Geneina triangle (km2) 30†                                                    55,000
      Area comparative triangle                                                      Croatia, Togo, 0.5x Liberia     El Geneina El Fasher

                                                  2 1                                                                            DARFUR
      Area Southern Sudan (km )                                                                        644,329
                                                                                                                                       Nyala
                                                                                                                                                     THREE AREAS
      Population Sudan (m) (2020) 2‡                                                                  39.2 (55)
                                                              2
                                                                                                                                                      Abyei
      Population Darfur (m) (North; West; South)                                              7.5 (2.1; 1.3; 4.1)
                                                                                                                                                  SOUTHERN
      Population El Fasher, Nyala, El Geneina triangle (m) 30                              3.75 (50% of Darfur)                                    SUDAN
      Population Southern Sudan (m) 2                                                                        8.3                                                Juba
                                                                   30                                                 0          250        500 km
      Population growth Sudan (1973-2008, % p.a.)                                                            2.8
      Population growth Darfur (absolute increase p.a.) 30                                             210,000
                                                               2
      Population aged 16 or younger (%) (Darfur)                                                         47 (52)
      Urban population Sudan (1975, 2010, 2025, 2050, %) 3                                       19; 45; 57, 74     Human Development (HDI, Sudan)
                                                              37
      Average household size Darfur (members)                                                                  6     HDI value 9 (2000)                                     0.531 (0.491)
  †                                  ‡
      Including a 30km radius; All population data 2008; See last page for sources                                   HDI rank 9                                               150 of 182
                                                                                                                                       9
                                                                                                                     HDI peers                         Ghana, Cameroon, Tanzania


  Economy, budget and aid (Sudan)
      Gross domestic product (GDP, $bn) (1999) 4†                                                   54.3 (10.7)     GDP / govt revenue ($bn, Sudan)
                                                         4
      Economies of similar size (GDP)                                                    Syria, Libya, Slovenia
                                                                                                                                                                                       60
      Economic growth (real GDP, 1999-2009 average, % p.a.) 4                                                7.1
                                                                                                                                                                                       50
      Economies with similar growth rates (1999-2009) 4                                Rwanda, India, Vietnam
                                                                                                                                                               GDP
      GDP per capita ($) (country rank) 4†                                                          1,388 (127)                                                                        40
                                                    4
      GDP per capita comparison                                                      1.31x Vietnam; 1.35x India                                                                        30

      GDP per capita ($, PPP) (country rank) 4†                                                     2,376 (138)                                                                        20
      GDP composition (Agriculture; Industry; Services, %) 1                                         33; 29; 38
                                                                                                                                                                                       10
      Inflation (%) (1999-2009 average, % p.a.) 4                                                         10 (9)                                       Revenue
                                                                                                                                                                                       0
      Oil reserves (est. range, bn barrels) (country rank) 6                                          5-6.7 (24)
                                                                                                                          1989             1994       1999           2004       2009
      Oil reserves comparison 6                                                          3x Chad; 0.7x Norway

      Oil production (barrels per day) (exports per day)                1‡
                                                                                             480,000 (394,000)      Source: IMF (2009)

      Oil as a share of exports (%) (government revenue, %) 1‡                                           95 (60)
                                                                        7‡
      Gum Arabic exports ($m) (10-year average, $m)                                                      69 (39)
                                                                                                                    Aid ($bn, Sudan)
      Main export partners (%)1                                                          China (48); Japan (32)
      Doing Business rank (peers) 8                                                  154 of 183 (Iraq; Senegal)                                                                        2.5

      Debt, external ($bn) 1‡                                                                               36.3                               Humanitarian
                                                                                                                                                                                       2.0
                                         1†             5‡
      Budget, revenue ($bn)                   (2008)                                                      9 (12)
                                                                                                                                                                                       1.5
      Budget transfers to Northern states ($bn) (Southern Sudan) 5                                     2.6 (2.9)
      Combined budget of Darfur states ($m) (North; West; South) 31                           286 (93; 77; 116)                                                                        1.0

      Aid ($bn) 24‡                                                                                          2.3                             Development
                                                                                                                                                                                       0.5
      Humanitarian aid Darfur ($m) 32†                                                                      840
      Humanitarian aid as a share of total aid (%) (Darfur) 24‡                                          55 (87)                                                                       0.0
                                                                                                                          1995               1999             2003          2007
                                                                             32‡‡
      Aid organisations (UN agencies; Int. NGOs, Nat. NGOs)                                    143 (19; 83; 41)
  †                   ‡         ‡‡
      2009 estimate; 2008;           April 2010; See last page for sources                                          Source: OECD DAC (2010)




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    Health                                                                                                                            Population (m, Darfur)
        Life expectancy at birth Sudan (years) 9‡                                                                                58
                                                                                                                                                                                                                     9.0
        Infant mortality Sudan (per 1,000 live births) 10†                                                                       81
                                                                                                                                                                                                                     7.5
        Infant mortality Darfur (est.)10† (North, West, South) (1993)11                   72 (69; 93; 67) (106; 116; 112)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                     6.0
        Infant mortality Southern Sudan 10† (states range)                                                        102 (64-151)
        Under 5 mortality Sudan (per 1,000 live births) 10†                                                                  112                                                                                     4.5

                                                                                   10†
        Under 5 mortality Darfur (per 1,000) (North, West, South)                                             104 (95; 138; 98)                                                                                      3.0
                                                  10†
        Under 5 mortality Southern Sudan                                                                          135 (82-192)                                                                                       1.5
        Maternal mortality Sudan (per 100,000 live births) 10†                                                              1,107
                                                                                                                                                                                                                     0.0
        Maternal mortality Darfur (est.) (North, West, South) 10†                                1,142 (346; 1,056; 1,581)             1950                     1960     1970     1980       1990     2000    2010

        Maternal mortality Southern Sudan (est.) (states range) 10†                                       2,024 (1,732-2,327)
                                                        ‡‡            33                                                              Source: CBS Sudan (1993, 2009)
        Health facilities in Darfur (operational)            (2008)                                                  680 (704)
    †
        2006; ‡ 2007; ‡‡ March 2010; See last page for sources

                                                                                                                                      Urbanization (%, Sudan)
    Acute respiratory infections (incidents / 10,000 population, Darfur)                                                                                                                                               80
`
                                                                                                                            50                                                                                         60
                                                 North
                                                                                                                                                                         World
                                                                                       West
                                                                                                                            30
                            South                                                                                                                                                                                      40
                                                                                                                            10
                                                                                                                                                                                                Sudan
          02-09     04-09      06-09     08-09      09-09        11-09         01-10     03-10        05-10     07-10
                                                                                                                                                                                                                       20

    Source: WHO (2010) Acute respiratory infections are the leading cause of morbidity in Darfur, 6-week average
                                                                                                                                                                                                                       0
                                                                                                                                         1950                          1975           2000          2025       2050

    Nutrition                                                                                                                         Source: UNDESA (2007)
        Global acute malnutrition < 5 yrs Sudan (wasting, weight/height) (%) 10†                                             14.8

        Global acute malnutrition < 5 yrs Darfur residents, IDPs in camps 14‡                                        16.3; 15.8
        Global chronic malnutrition < 5 yrs Darfur N, W, S (stunting, height/age) 14‡                          31.8; 40.1; 33.8
                                                                                                                                      Cereal production (‘000 MT, Darfur)
        Underweight women Darfur (MUAC < 225mm) (%) (2006) 14‡                                                       9.8 (11.6)                                                                                       900
        Nutrition centres in Darfur, TFC 15‡‡‡ (2008)                                                                143 (110)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                      750
    †
        2006; ‡ 2007; ‡‡ 2008; †† 2009; ‡‡‡ 2010; See last page for sources
                                                                                                                                                                                                                      600

                                                                                                                                                                                                                      450
                                                                                                                                           Pre-crisis average




    Food security                                                                                                                                                                                                     300
                                                                       17†
        Cereal production North Sudan (‘000 MT) (2008)                                                           3,125 (4,412)                                                                                        150
        Cereal production Darfur (‘000 MT) (North, West, South) 17†                                           492 (23; 89; 380)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                      0
        WFP food deliveries Darfur (‘000 MT) 18†                                                                             395         96-02                    01/02       03/04     05/06       07/08    09/10

        Number of people requiring food assistance in Sudan (million) (Darfur) ‡                                        11 (4.6)
                                                                                                 38††                                 Source: FAO (2007, 2010)
        Food insecurity* North Sudan excl. Darfur (est. average, %) (range)                                        9 (1.0-31.9)
        Food insecurity* Darfur39‡‡ (Southern Sudan) 19† (%)                                                              45 (53)
                                                                                                      16†††
        Households (HH) w. ‘poor’ food consumption, N, W, S Darfur (%, IDP)                                               0; 0; 13    Min. food basket (SDG / day, Darfur)
        HHs who cannot afford minimum healthy food basket N, W, S (%, IDP) 16†††                                     33; 15; 71
    †
        2009; ‡ 2010; ‡‡ 2008; †† 2006; ††† May 2010; *combines measures of food consumption and purchasing power                                                                                                     1.9
                                                                                                                                                                                             South
                                                                                                                                                                                                                      1.7


    Planned food aid beneficiaries actually reached (%, Darfur)                                                                                                                                                       1.5

                                                                                                                                                                                                                      1.3
                                                                                                                            105
                                                                                                                                                                                                North
                                                                                                                            100                                                                                       1.1
                                                                                                                            95
                                                                                                                            90                                                                                        0.9
                                                                                                                                                                          West
                                                                                                                            85
                                                                                                                            80                                                                                        0.7
          01-08              07-08               01-09                     07-09              01-10               07-10                 5-09                      8-09        11-09      2-10        5-10     8-10


    Source: WFP (May 2010), Apr 2010 decline not related to insecurity                                                                Source: WFP (2010)




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  Education                                                                                                                                  UN & Partners Work Plan 2010
      Adult literacy Northern states (%) 9†                                                                                            61        Requirements for Sudan ($bn) (Darfur) 30                       1.9 (1.0)
                                                             10‡
      Net primary school attendance Sudan (%)                                                                                      53.7          Food security / livelihoods ($m) (Darfur)                     865 (620)

      Net prim. school attendance Darfur (est. %) (North, West, South) 10‡                                      58 (67.1; 46.4; 56.3)            Education ($m) (Darfur) 30                                     180 (66)
                                                                                                        10‡
      Net primary school attendance Southern Sudan (est.) (states range)                                                17 (4.3-44.9)            Water and sanitation ($m) (Darfur) 30                          135 (71)
                                                                   10‡                                                                                                  30
      Net secondary school attendance Sudan (%)                                                                                    18.9          Health ($m) (Darfur)                                           120 (47)

      Net second. school attendance Darfur (est. %) (North, West, South) 10‡                                    14 (18.2; 10.2; 13.0)            Basic infrastructure ($m) (Darfur) 30                            102 (7)
                                                                                           10‡                                                                                                            30
      Net secondary school attendance Southern Sudan (est. %)                                                          2.6 (0.0-12.3)            Coordination and services ($m) (Darfur)                          97 (66)
      Pupils sitting on ground Northern states (%) (Darfur) 13†                                                              38 (61)             Returns and reintegration ($m) (Darfur) 30                        90 (8)
                                                                13†                                                                                                          30
      Pupils per teacher Northern states (Darfur)                                                                            34 (43)             Nutrition ($m) (Darfur)                                          87 (32)
  †          ‡
      2007; 2006; See last page for sources                                                                                                      Protection ($m) (Darfur) 30                                      83 (60)
                                                                                                                                                                                  30
                                                                                                                                                 Mine action ($m) (Darfur)                                         78 (0)

                                                                                                                                                 NFIs / emergency shelter ($m) (Darfur) 30                        42 (21)
  Water and sanitation                                                                                                                           Projects (North Sudan incl. Darfur) 30                        412 (209)
                                                                                 10†
      Access to improved drinking water sources Sudan (%)                                                                          56.1      All data 2010 requirements. www.reliefweb.int/fts for updates
      Access to impr. drinking water Darfur (est. %) (North, West, South) 10†                                   44 (48.2; 39.6; 43.9)

      Access to imp. drinking water S. Sudan (est. %) (states range, %) 10†                                           48 (22.2-67.4)
      Access to improved sanitation facilities Sudan (%) 10†                                                                       31.4      Displacement and refugees
                                                                                                       10†
      Access to improved sanitation Darfur (est. %) (North, West, South)                                        26 (32.2; 29.8; 20.1)            IDPs in Darfur (m) 22†                                                 1.9
      Access to improved sanitation S. Sudan (est. %) (states range, %) 10†                                              7 (1.9-13.6)            Sudanese refugees abroad              23‡
                                                                                                                                                                                                                 419,000
  †
      2006; See last page for sources                                                                                                            Refugees in Sudan 23‡                                           220,000
                                                                                                                                             †         ‡
                                                                                                                                                 2010; Jan 2010


  Environment
      Area covered by forest in Sudan (km2) (1990) 20†                                                            675,460 (763,810)          Villages affected (Darfur, cum. total)
                                                                                       20††
      Forest area lost in Sudan (m hectares) (area comparison)                                                          8.8 (Austria)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  3,000
                                                                20
      Countries having lost more forest (in Africa)                                                          Brazil, Indonesia (None)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  2,500
      Likelihood of failing growing season Darfur (%, current) (2050) 21                                               20-80 (40-90)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  2,000
  †
      2005; †† 1990-2005 ; See last page for sources
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  1,500

                                                                                                                                                                                                                  1,000

  Conflict and fatalities (Darfur)                                                                                                                                                                                500

                                                                         25                                                                                                                                       0
      Settlements in Darfur (total, including very small)                                                                      8,300
                                                                                                 25
                                                                                                                                                   2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009
      Settlements damaged or destroyed 2003-09 (share of total, %)                                                        2,997 (36)

      Deaths since ‘03 (excess mortality) 26                                                                                300,000          Source: HIU, US State Dept., villages damaged or destroyed
                                                         27††
      Fatalities in 2010 (Jan-Jul), 2009, 2008                                                                     1,669; 875; 1,700
      Fatalities in Southern Sudan 2010 (Jan-15/05/10), 2009 28                                                           612; 2,500

      Fatalities in North, West, South Darfur (% of total since 01/08)                                                     18; 24; 58        UNAMID
                                                                                                 28†
      Fatalities per month on average in 2010 (Jan-Jul), 2009, 2008                                                     238; 73; 143             Budget ($bn) 29†                                                       1.8
                                                                                      28                                                                      29
      Fatalities as a result of conflict (08/09-07/10) (% of total)                                                         931 (46)             Team sites                                                             29
      Fatalities as a result of tribal clashes (08/09-07/10) (% of total) 28                                                772 (38)             Force strength, mandate 29                                       19,555
      Car-jacking incidents per month (average June 2009 to July 2010) 28                                                                9       Force strength, actual (% mandate) 30‡                    17,308 (89)
  †
      2009   ††
                  Fatalities are documented deaths due to conflict, tribal clashes, crime, or accidents                                          Civilian staff, mandated 29                                          5,546
                                                                                                                                                                                              29‡
                                                                                                                                                 Civilian staff, actual (% mandate)                            4,182 (76)
                                                                                                                                                 Police staff (IPU and FPU), mandate 29                               6,432
  Fatalities Darfur                                                                                                                              Police staff, actual (% mandate)            29‡
                                                                                                                                                                                                               4,467 (70)

                                                                                                                                   600           Community Police Centres (planned) 29                            50 (70)
                                                                                                                                   450           Police patrols per month (average)                35‡‡
                                                                                                                                                                                                                      4,092
                                                                                                                                   300
                                                                                                                                                 Patrols outside camps (%) (2009, %) 35‡                          30 (26)
                                                                                                                                   150
                                                                                                                                                                                                   29†
                                                                                                                                   0             Quick impact projects budget ($m)                                        4
        01-08                   07-08              01-09                      07-09                    01-10               07-10
                                                                                                                                                 Quick impact projects (complete) 29††                          444 (79)
                                                                                                                                             †
  Source: UNAMID (2010), Fatalities are documented deaths due to conflict, tribal clashes, crime, or accidents                                   2010; ‡ May 2010; ‡‡ 2009-10; †† Since 2008




V2.2 (25 September 2010)                                                                                                                                                                                                3 of 4
For more information please contact
United Nations Sudan
Office of the Resident and Humanitarian Coordinator
+249 9121 46700 | kersten.jauer@undp.org




Sources
1
  CIA (2010), Fact Book; 2 Central Bureau of Statistics (CBS) Sudan (2009), 5th Population and Housing Census; 3 UN DESA (2007), World Population Prospects; 4 IMF (10/2009), WEO; 5 IMF
(2009, 2007), Public Expenditure Review and other documents; 6 BP (2009), Oil and Gas Journal (2009); 7 UN (2010), Commodity Trade Statistics; 8 World Bank (2010); 9 UNDP (2009),
Human Development Report; 10 CBS Sudan (2007), Sudan Household Survey (Estimates are averages adjusted for population size); 11 CBS Sudan (1993), 4th Population and Housing Census;
13
   Ministry of Education (2008), Baseline Survey on Education in Northern States; 14 UNICEF Sudan (2007), Darfur Nutrition Survey; 15 UNICEF Sudan (2010); 16 WFP (2010), Food Security
Monitoring System; 17 FAO CFSAM (2010); 18 WFP Sudan (2010), GFD excl. other modalities; 19 OCHA Southern Sudan (2010), ANLA; 20 FAO (2005), Global Forest Resource Assessment; 21
Estimate based on ILRI/TERI (2006); 22 IOM Sudan (2009); 23 UNHCR (2009); 24 OECD DAC (2010); 25 US State Department (Aug 2009), HIU; 26 Louvain University, Brussels (2010); 27 AUPD
Report for 01/08-07/09, UNAMID JMAC for 08/09 onwards, includes deaths due to conflict, tribal clashes, crime, or accidents; 28 UNAMID (2010), JMAC; 29 UN (2010), SG Reports ; 30 UN
Sudan (2010); 31 Darfur Ministries of Finance (2009); 32 OCHA (2010); 33 WHO Sudan, HERAMS (2010); 35 UNAMID Police (2010); 37 WFP Sudan (2010); 38 WFP CFSVA (2006); 39 WFP
Darfur Food Security and Livelihoods Assessment (2008);


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