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					       Introduction to Spanish-
       American War
       McIntyre




“A Splendid Little War” John Hay,
         Secretary of State, 1898
    Background:
    Who?
       •Spain vs. America

    Where?
        •Phillipines, Cuba (Spain’s Colonies)




2
    Background:




                             USA
                                   Cuba
           The Philippines




3
    Why?
    Help give freedom to Spain’s colonies!




4
    Spain’s Reconcentration Policy
     What?
          „Civilians were forced into government run camps (with bad conditions)



    Why?
        •Spain was fighting a guerilla war and needed
        to separate “good” from “bad guys

    How did it lead to war?
           •Made Spain look bad in American eyes


5
    American Economic Interests
     What?
          „Many of Cuba’s sugar plantations were owned by Americans



    Why?
       •Protecting their economic interests


    How did it lead to war?
           •Made Americans more likely to help out
           Cuba

6
    “Yellow Journalists”
     What?
          „Newspaper created highly exaggerated stories



    Why?
        •Make more $ if they keep you scared
        and interested

    How did it lead to war?
           •Made Americans want war!


7
    The cartoon was called “Hogan’s Alley”



    The ink from the
    strip would spread to
    other parts of the
    paper and “yellow”
    it.




8
    “Yellow Journalism”
     “You furnish the pictures, I’ll furnish the war
     William Randolph Hearst
                                            Frederic Remington’s
                                            Disrobing Propaganda




9
     Sinking of the Maine in Havana Harbor
     What?
           •USS Maine explodes in Havana, Cuba
           Harbor,
          •Most Americans believe it was Spain’s
          fault
           •1976 US Navy analyzed the sunken
           ship, decided that the hull blew OUT not
           IN
     How did it lead to war?
         •“Spark” that started the war

         •“Remember the Maine! To hell with Spain!”
10
     Slide Analysis: Headline of the Maine
     Explosion




       Maine Explosion Caused by Bomb or Torpedo?
11
                2/17/1898 New York World
     Slide Analysis: Judge Cartoon




12
     Thinking Slide:

      Which of these do you think was most
      responsible for the nation going to war?




13
     Manila Bay
        What Happened at Manila Bay?

                               „Surprise naval attack sunk the
                               crumbling Spanish Navy




                              „Made Americans feel very
                              superior

14
        Rough Riders
Who were the Rough Riders? Who was their leader?

                                   „Teddy Roosevelt resigns as Asst
                                   Secy of the Navy to lead a
                                   “Cowboy Calvary”


                                  „Brought his own photographer


                                  „Teddy’s popularity from this
                                  leads to his becoming v.p. and
                                  president

   15
        Rough Riders
What famous Battle did they participate in?

                                       „San Juan Hill




                                      „African Americans also helped
                                      but get no credit
   16
     Teddy Roosevelt




17
     Results
        •US defeats Spain & becomes a world power


        •Teddy Roosevelt elected Vice President in
        1900 and becomes President in 1901 when
        McKinley is shot

        •US must decide what to do about Spain’s
        former colonies (Phillipines, Puerto Rico, and
        Cuba)




18
     Philippine Insurection
     "The truth is I didn't want the Philippines, and when they came to us as
     a gift from the gods, I did not know what to do with them.... I sought
     counsel from all sides - Democrats as well as Republicans - but got
     little help. I thought first we would take only Manila; then Luzon; then
     other islands, perhaps, also. I walked the floor of the White House
     night after night until midnight; and I am not ashamed to tell you,
     gentlemen, that I went down on my knees and prayed Almighty God
     for light and guidance more than one night." "And one night late it
     came to me this way - I don't know how it was, but it came: (1) That we
     could not give them back to Spain - that would be cowardly and
     dishonorable; (2) that we could not turn them over to France or
     Germany - our commercial rivals in the Orient - that would be bad
     business and discreditable; (3) that we could not leave them to
     themselves - they were unfit for self-government - and they would
     soon have anarchy and misrule over there worse than Spain's was;
     and (4) that there was nothing left for us to do but to take them all, and
     to educate the Filipinos, and uplift and civilize and Christianize them,
     and by God's grace do the very best we could by them, as our fellow
     men for whom Christ also died. And then I went to bed and went to
     sleep and slept soundly."




19
     Atrocities were common…




20
     250,000-1,000,000 Filipinos Died




21
     Thinking Slide

      Do you think the war was a good idea?
      Mark Twain Did Not…


      http://thewarprayer.com/war_film.html




22

				
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