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     Kevin L. Lynch
      Kim Nguyen
       Karl Berg
     What is Therapeutic Cloning

 Also known as somatic cell nuclear transfer
  or simply nuclear transplantation.
 Genetic material in an unfertilized egg is
  replaced with that from an adult cell, most
  commonly a skin cell.
 Therapeutic Cloning Schematic
    Goals of Therapeutic Cloning

 Understanding of how human tissues
  regenerate themselves
 Treatment of numbers of degenerative
  disorders such as diabetes, cancer,
           Professional Issues

 Medical standard to do no harm vs. Doctors’
  attempts to help patients to the greatest
           Legal/Policy Issues

 Therapeutic Cloning should be legal as long
  as Abortion is legal
 Government funding
                  Ethical Issues

 When does life begin?
 Slippery Slope: Therapeutic Cloning vs.
  Reproductive Cloning
 Value/Price on life?
 Risks to egg donors
 Use of donated eggs that are currently discarded
 Embryos can be seen as being created simply as
  means to an end and for use as a product source.

 Medical Profession
 Patients
 Egg Donors
 Society
 Government
      Possible Courses of Action

 Impose a moratorium until Therapeutic
  Cloning is better understood.
 Ban Therapeutic Cloning indefinitely.
 Allow Therapeutic Cloning with no

 Allow Therapeutic Cloning
     May help to create compatible tissues for
      treatment of a number of degenerative disorders.
     Expand knowledge of tissue growth.
     May lead to human reproductive cloning.
         Individual Rights/Fairness

 Allow Therapeutic Cloning
     Allows people to pursue a healthy existence
     Many religious groups argue that Therapeutic
      Cloning violates the rights of the fetus
     Researchers justify work in saying that embryos
      must be treated respectfully
                 Common Good

 Allow Therapeutic Cloning
     Better quality of life
     Research spending stimulates medical research
      portion of the economy
     Eventually lower health care costs
                  Final Decision

 Allow Therapeutic Cloning
     As long as its purpose is treatment of disease,
      and not human reproduction
           Ethical Considerations

 Utilitarian Perspective
     Allowing Therapeutic Cloning produces the
      greatest balance of benefits over harms.
            Ethical Considerations

 The Rights Perspective
     Therapeutic Cloning respects the rights of all
     In this case, the embryo is not fully a human
      being, and therefore has no rights
            Ethical Considerations

 The Fairness Perspective
     Given that we feel the embryo is not fully a
      person, this perspective does not apply.
            Ethical Considerations

 The Common Good Perspective
     Therapeutic Cloning must be ethical because it
      advances the common good.
            Ethical Considerations

 The Virtue Perspective
     It is virtuous to help others
     The argument of using one as a means to
      another’s end does not apply here, once again
      because the embryo is not fully a person

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