Slide 1 - North West Rotherham Action Zone by xiaohuicaicai

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									Ariel View
This is the earliest detailed plan of Kimberworth.
It was made in 1854.
It shows us a great deal about the history of the village.
The endowed school mentioned in the other programme is
clearly marked.
The old field patterns around the village show that this was a
farming community, although there are coal mines nearby.
At this stage it is still very much a separate village.
The drawing on the title page shows Kimberworth in 1864.
             This shows Kimberworth in 1901. It shows the new Board School.
Although many new houses that had been built since the 1850s it was still a separate village.
                    Goodinson Han. Schoolmistress       Farmers
This is a list of   Le Tall EmI. bdg. & day school
                                                         Deakin John
                    Lodge Geo. Shopkeeper
      the                                               Barber John
                    Nicholson Mary, victualler, Green   Bray John. 6 Brooke Rd.
 occupations        Dragon                              Duke John
that are listed                                         Fletcher Thos.
                    Walker Joseph. cart owner
                                                        FroggattJph.
      in a          Wood Wm, beer house
                                                        Hayton Jph.
                    Woodcock G. maltster & farmer
  Rotherham                                             Kirk Edwin
                     Colliery Owners                    Kirk Sl. sen.
 Directory for      Barber & Sellars, Blackburn bank    Kirk Samuel, and butcher
  1833 in the       Chambers Robert Joseph & Son,       Sellars Wm.
                    Holmes                              Warns John
 Kimberworth        Hague Thos. Thorpe Common           Warns Jph.
     area.          Parker Fras. Bradgate               Wing Wm.
                    Walker Joshua and Co.               Raybould Jas.
                                                        Rodgers Jph.
 What does it        Blacksmith
                                                        Woodhead W.
                    HaIl Saml.
  tell us?          Roberts Mttw.                       Wheelwrights and Joiners
                                                        Lockwood SI.
Can you find        Shoemakers
                                                        Oxley Wm.
                    Hodson Win.
 any names          Taylor Jph.                         Fork Makers
   that you                                             Brown Geo.
                    Tailors
                                                        Barker Jph.
 recognise?         Hirst George
                    Linton Jph.
   The Kimberworth area is very fortunate in having some
  especially important surviving remains from ancient times.


                     The Roman Ridge.
Everyone has heard of Hadrian’s Wall that was built across the
 north of England to keep invaders from coming south but few
  people know that a similar line of defence was built by the
 Ancient Britons across South Yorkshire to protect them from
                    attack by the Romans.
 Amazingly, sections of this sixteen mile long fortification can
 still be traced as it snakes across Kimberworth towards the
Dearne valley. Much of it follows the line of Meadowhall Road.



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                        Kimberworth Castle.
     At the time of the Norman Conquest Kimberworth was a
    separate manor. It was given by William the Conquerer to a
  very powerful knight called Roger de Busli who had many other
                          manors as well.
     The manor extended from the Don and along the Blackburn
                              rook.
    Roger built a a motte and bailey castle at the highest point in
                      the middle of the manor.
   Although most of the castle site has been built over by modern
       housing the top of the mound can still be explored. It is
      surrounded by the houses on Wilding way and The Motte.
     The history of the families of the lords of the manor can be
           found at the website www.rotherhamweb.com
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                           Kimberworth Deer Park

 In the 1200s the Lords of the Manor of Kimberworth were called the de Viponts.
 They created a huge deer park to the north of Kimberworth. Much of the area of
     this park is now covered by the Grange Park golf course. It still has some
                        important areas of ancient woodland.




                          One of the family was the lady Idonea de Vipont. She
                          lived all her life in the manor house in Kimberworth until
                          her death in 1334. You might spot her name around the
                          area.




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   The two buildings are completely different in
    style.
   The older building is quite severe, all in brick
    with a symmetrical front, very little
    ornamentation and plain windows.
   Only the fancy numbering of the date lettering
    adds any decorative feature.
The designer of the 1914 building, however, has created
a wonderfully decorative building which is full of interest
to look at.

It is still symmetrical to match the other building but it is
covered with swirls, flower designs and contrasting
colours. The windows are decorated and are divided into
sections by flowing limestone mullions that contrasts with
the red of the brickwork. There is a very elaborate
decoration over the door and two little towers rise above
the level of the roof decorated with flower designs.
This sort of design was very popular at this time. It was
known as ‘art nouveau’. The architect was James Totty of
Rotherham.

This building would be great fun to draw.
See what you can find out about art nouveau
The next four photographs hang at the
back of the church. They were found
when an old store room was being
cleared. The first two show the laying of
the foundation stone of the new church
on Thursday April 17th 1913.

The third picture shows the official
opening being performed by the Mayor
of Rotherham, Alderman P.B. Coward,
on February 5th 1914.
The fourth picture shows the eight men
who administered the affairs of the new
church.

What sort of things do these
photographs tell us about the people
who lived in Kimberworth in the early
20th century?
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   The Dukes, whose names you can see on the
    greengrocers shop in the early pictures of Lockwood’s
    Row, were an extensive Kimberworth family. We have
    already seen that they were listed in the Directory in
    1833.
   A number of the Duke children attended the school
    and there are a number of headstones in the
    churchyard record their deaths. In August 1907 Ethel
    Duke was employed as pupil teacher at the infants
    school. She was there until 1909.
   George and Henry Duke operated the coking ovens
    that stood near the ponds where Old Hall school is
    now.
   There is even a lane called ‘Duke’s Lane’ that goes
    down to Droppingwell Lane
                This is a very important
                 building because very
                  few buildings of this
                 date survive in South
                       Yorkshire.

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    This large Victorian house on Church Street was the
                          Vicarage.


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                                 Sunday School
 For many Kimberworth children the various local Sunday Schools
were an important part of their education and social life. These are the
  memories of going to the Sunday School at St. Thomas’s by Jean
 Green in the 1940s. Jean lived at 28 Meadowhall Road and went to
                        Kimberworth school.

‘Some of the happiest days of my life were spent in the church hall, but the first
time I went there was when we started at Sunday School. This took place every
Sunday afternoon. Members of the church would teach groups of children according
to their age and sex. As we grew older we were allowed to help with the teaching of
younger pupils. The youngest pupils met in the small rooms in the Old Hall, but
most of the groups met in the new main hall. There were about ten children to a
group and they sat in circles with their teacher. Miss Jolly from the Post Office
taught the older girls in the small room near the stage. Very soon dad became the
superintendent. He sat on the stage at the end of the hall and after the teachers had
finished their lessons everyone joined together for a prayer. There must have been
up to 200 pupils attending during these war years. Everyone had the same lesson
which was taken from a book but each teacher did it in their own way. However
there were so many groups in the hall they had to be quiet so there wasn’t much
scope for doing much more than telling a story and asking a few questions.’
                  The graveyard that surrounds St. Thomas’s has
                 many Victorian memorials. Local families are well
                represented, and there are familiar names from the
                                school log books.

                  Here is a grave of members of the Duke family.




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This programme has been
researched and created by Peter
Machan, Sheffield History Desk,
on behalf of

The project has been funded by
the Heritage Lottery Fund.

We would like to acknowledge
the help given by Rotherham
Archives, who provided all the
archive photographs, in
preparing this educational
programme.

								
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