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SCORM for Managers Final Printable

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					Implementation Fest 2004

SCORM for Managers

         23 August 2004

              Damon Regan
            Software Engineer
            Joint ADL Co-Lab
         damon.regan@us.army.mil
             Our Agenda
• SCORM Introduction
  – Q&A
  – Break


• SCORM By Example: How Easy is It?
  – Q&A
  – Break


• Guidance
  – Q&A
  – Break
SCORM Introduction
                The Context

• Distributed Learning
  – Structured learning that does not require
    a physical instructor
  – Learning mediated with technology
     The Context
    Distributed Learning


     Web-Based Training




  Anytime
  SCORM           Scheduled




Asynchronous    Synchronous
              The Advanced Distributed
               Learning (ADL) Vision

                          The “A” in
                            ADL




   Sharable Content       Assembled in     To provide learning
Objects from across the   real-time, on-     and assistance
   World Wide Web           demand         anytime, anywhere
            The ADL Intiative

• An evolution of distributed learning
  (distance learning) that emphasizes
  collaboration on standards-based
  versions of reusable
  – Objects
  – Networks
  – Learning Management Systems (LMS)
          The Environment




                          Learning
Learner       Content   Management
                        System (LMS)
          A Past Problem



             Proprietary
           Communications



Content                       Learning
                            Management
                            System (LMS)
                     A Past Problem


Navy   $                 Proprietary
                       Communications




Army   $                 Proprietary
                       Communications



           Content                        Learning
                                        Management
                                        System (LMS)
     Making Content Sharable




Sharable Content Object Reference Model

any SCORM-conformant courseware
        playable on any
     SCORM-conformant LMS.
                   After the SCORM


Navy


Army   $
       SCORM-conformant      SCORM-conformant
           Content               Learning
                               Management
                               System (LMS)
Reuse More Than Courses
  Reuse More Than Courses
                                   Course


                                                                          Asset
                              Asset             Asset         Asset      WAV Audio
  Asset         Asset        Web Page            JPG           XML
 Web Page        JPG
                                                Image        Document
                Image


                                     Asset
 Asset                               Flash
                                                                        Asset
MP3 Audio                Asset       Object
                                                                         GIF
                        Web Page                                        Image
             Asset
            Web Page                                        Asset
                                                           Web Page
                               Asset
                              MP3 Audio         Asset
                                              JavaScript
             Asset
              GIF
             Image
                 Reuse More Than Courses


  Asset         Asset
                 JPG          Asset            Asset
 Web Page
                Image        Web Page           JPG                      Asset
                                               Image         Asset      WAV Audio
                                                              XML
 Asset                                                      Document
MP3 Audio                           Asset
                                    Flash
             Asset       Asset      Object
            Web Page    Web Page
                                                                       Asset
                                                                        GIF
                                                                       Image
                               Asset
                                                           Asset
                              MP3 Audio        Asset
             Asset                                        Web Page
              GIF                            JavaScript
             Image
                         Aggregation
                                Course




   Asset         Asset
                  JPG           Asset              Asset
  Web Page
                 Image         Web Page             JPG                     Asset
                                                   Image                   WAV Audio
                                                                Asset
                                                                 XML
                                                               Document
 Asset
MP3 Audio                              Asset
                                       Flash
                                       Object
              Asset       Asset
             Web Page    Web Page
                                                                          Asset
                                                                           GIF
                                                                          Image

                                 Asset
                                                              Asset
                                MP3 Audio
                                                  Asset      Web Page
              Asset                             JavaScript
               GIF
              Image
                     SCO Delivery
                          SCORM-conformant
                               LMS
          Learner
          Starts a
          Course




                              Course
Learner
          SCO Delivery
               SCORM-conformant
                    LMS


                              LMS
                            Launches
                             a SCO



                   Course
Learner
          SCO Communications
                  SCORM-conformant
                       LMS



                                Track
                               Learner
                               Progress



                      Course
Learner
                 Finding Content
• We need a way to describe
  content so that others can find it
   – Meta-data

• Meta-data can be used to
  describe:
                                       Meta-data
   – Assets
                                       - keywords
   – Sharable Content Objects (SCO)    - title
   – Organizations (Aggregations)      - etc.
         A View of the SCORM
• SCORM is a set of
  standards and
  specifications, that if
  followed, make
  content sharable
   – SCO Communications
   – Meta-data
   – Content Package
            Conformance

• SCORM 2004 Conformance Test
  Suite
  – Test Log
  – “CP SCORM 2004 Conformant”
Certification
SCORM by Example:
  How Easy is It?
      The Learning Systems
Architecture Lab, Carnegie Mellon
      The Learning Systems
Architecture Lab, Carnegie Mellon
                The Design and Development Process


  Design                                  Develop




Instructional
 Designers                              Programmers
    (ISD)
                Design SCOs

SCOs
• Open Control Panel
• Change Screen
  Resolution              Meta-data


                          Objectives

       1 Hour                 Outline

                              Assets
         Design Aggregations

Aggregation (Course)
• How to Change the Windows Screen
  Resolution
                                Meta-data

                                Objectives
      1 Hour
                                  SCOs

                                 Outline

                                 Assets
        Produce Assets (Content)

• Graphics
  – 8 Total
                       1 Hour

• Web pages
  – 4 Total
            Develop SCOs

• Make web pages (SCOs)
  communicate with LMS
  – Initialize (Start)      30 Minutes

  – Terminate (Finish)

• Much can be reused from
  existing examples
        Develop Content Structure

• Basic package structure, without
  sequencing rules
  – Using the freely available RELOAD tool



                            30 Minutes
Develop Content Structure
       Develop Content Structure

• Desired package structure, with
  sequencing rules and navigation
  communications
  – Able to use LSAL Template 4 and
    RELOAD

              3 ½ Hours       ½ Hour
                Learn        (Implement)
Test Package in LMS
Ensure Conformance
Instructional Systems Development
Top-level System Functions of
       ISD/SAT Model
Phases of the ISD/SAT Process

        • SCORM impacts each
          of these phases
          differently
        • Some more than others
Phases of the ISD/SAT Process
          - Analysis -

        • Is distributed learning
          the solution to the
          training problem?

        • What version of
          SCORM should the
          content be designed to?
           – LMS Support

        • Meta-data should be
          captured!
Phases of the ISD/SAT Process
           - Design -


        • What Sharable Content
          Objects (SCO) should
          be designed?
          – Learning Objectives

        • What sequencing rules
          should be used?
          – LSAL Templates
Phases of the ISD/SAT Process
         - Development -


        • What tools will be used
          to develop SCORM
          content packages?

        • Is communication
          between the
          instructional designer
          and the developer
          clear?
Phases of the ISD/SAT Process
        - Conformance -


        • Is the content SCORM-
          conformant?
        • What organizational
          acceptance criteria
          needs to be tested?
Phases of the ISD/SAT Process
        - Implementation -


        • Verify courseware
          operates as planned on
          the target Learning
          Management System
          (LMS)

        • LMS hosting
          organization IT staff
          involvement
Phases of the ISD/SAT Process
         - Evaluation -


        • What was the impact of
          SCORM on Return on
          Investment (ROI)?
      Responsibilities of Managers

Require a course to be developed only
  when it is determined that:
    1. There is a valid instructional need
    2. A course is an effective, cost efficient
       solution
    3. An existing course could not fix the
       problem
         Existing Courseware

• DAVIS/DITIS
  – Searchable listings and descriptions of
    thousands of audiovisual (AV) products
• ADL Registry
  – Common DoD service for describing and
    identifying Web-based learning and
    training resources
DAVIS/DITIS
Acquisition Guidance
             Options for Preparing
        the Request for Proposal (RFP)

• Statement of Objectives (SOO)
  – Clearly states overall objectives
  – The SOO requires the offeror to submit a SOW

• Statement of Work (SOW)
  – Clearly state the work to be performed
  – When a SOO is not used, the government will
    submit a SOW
       Statement of Objectives

• Key SCORM Objectives to Consider
  – Need for a detailed design document
  – Need for PIF deliverables
  – Role of meta-data
  – Need for a test log verifying SCORM-
    conformance
  – Organizational acceptance criteria
  – SCORM version
            Statement of Work
• Sharable Content Object (SCO)
  – Size
  – Communications
• Meta-data
  – Required elements
• Content Package
  – Detailed design document – storyboards
  – Package Interchange File (PIF)
                   Section E
             - Inspection and Acceptance -


• Conformance
  – Error-free repeatable test log output
    providing evidence that content
    packages are “CP SCORM 2004
    Conformant”
• Organizational acceptance testing
  – Mandatory meta-data
  – Mandatory SCO communications
                       Section L
       - Instructions, Conditions, and Notices to Offerors -


• Consider requesting technical
  – Methods
    • Development of storyboards
    • Development of media (assets)
    • Applying meta-data tags
  – Descriptions
    • Convention for naming files
    • Requirements to run developed courseware
           SCORM Information
• ADL
   –   http://www.adlnet.org/


• RELOAD
   –   http://www.lsal.cmu.edu/adl/scorm/tools/reload/


• SCORM Best Practices Guide for Content Developers
   –   http://www.lsal.cmu.edu/lsal/expertise/projects/developersguide/index.html


• Sample Run-Time Environment (RTE)
   –   http://www.adlnet.org/index.cfm?fuseaction=SCORMDown&listing=Examples


• SCORM 2004 Conformance Test Suite
   –   http://www.adlnet.org/index.cfm?fuseaction=SCORMDown&listing=Software


• SCORM Certification
   –   http://www.adlnet.org/index.cfm?fuseaction=scormprod
                Acquisition Information
• SCORM Acquisition Guidelines for DoD
   –   http://www.jointadlcolab.org/acquisition.doc


• Guidance for Acquisition of Training Data Products and
  Services (MIL-HDBK-29612-1A)
   –   http://www.dtswg.org/PDF%20Files/-1%20hdbk.pdf


• Application to Acquisition (AF Handbook 36-2235, volume 3)
   –   http://www.e-publishing.af.mil/pubfiles/af/36/afh36-2235v3/afh36-2235v3.pdf
                            Military Distributed
                            Learning Guidance
•   Advanced Distributed Learning: Instructional Technology and
    Distance Learning (AF Handbook 36-2235, volume 5)
     –   http://www.e-publishing.af.mil/pubfiles/af/36/afh36-2235v5/afh36-2235v5.pdf


•   Distributed Learning Managing Courseware Production and
    Implementation (TRADOC Pamphlet 350-70-12)
     –   http://www.tradoc.army.mil/tpubs/pams/p350-70-12/p350-70-12.htm


•   Development, Acquisition, and Management of Interactive
    Courseware (ICW) for Navy Training (OPNAV Instruction 1500)
     –   http://www.dmdc.osd.mil/ditis/1500.htm


•   Development, Management, and Acquisition of Interactive
    Courseware (ICW) for Marine Corps Instruction (MCO 1553.6)
     –   http://www.usmc.mil/directiv.nsf/0/ba0d4d3907e8b2c28525677c0065004a/$FILE/MCO%201553
         .6.pdf
                                    DAVIS/DITS
• Defense Visual Information Directorate
   –   http://dodimagery.afis.osd.mil/


• Defense Instructional Technology Information System
   –   http://www.dmdc.osd.mil/ditis/

				
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