0002036 Earth Sciences Newsletter.indd

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					                       Fa l l   0



       Department of


       earth




SYRACUSE UNIVERSITY
                                department

FACULTY AND GRADUATE RESEARCH GROUPS
Suzanne L. Baldwin 	        	       sbaldwin@syr.edu
Research	Group:
Jessica	Terrien	            	       jjterrie@syr.edu
Alec	Waggoner	              	       agwaggon@syr.edu

Paul G. Fitzgerald	         	       pgfitzge@syr.edu
Research	Group:
Stephanie	Perry	            	       eperr01syr.edu        ADJUNCT PROFESSORS
Joshua	Taylor		             	       jtaylo03@syr.edu      James	M.	McLelland	 	 	                  jmclelland@citilink.net
Linda C. Ivany	             	       lcivany@syr.edu       Susan	Millar–Geography	 	                swmillar@syr.edu
Research	Group:                                           Donald	Rodbell–Union	College	            rodbell@union.edu
Andrew	Haveles	             	       awhavele@syr.edu
Heather	Wall	               	       hlbaugh@syr.edu	      POST-DOCTORAL RESEARCH ASSOCIATES
Patrick	Wall	               	       pdwall@syr.edu        James	Metcalf	         	     	           jrmetcal@syr.edu

Jeffrey A. Karson	          	       jakarson@syr.edu      UNDERGRADUATES 			
Research	Group:                                           Matthew	Belanich           Kwasi	Gilbert              Ian	Semple										
Andrew	Horst	               	       ajhorst@syr.edu       Lance	Billy                Dan	Goldstein		            John	Titus,	Jr.
Drew	Siler	                 	       dlsiler@syr.edu       Curtis	Bixler              Caitlin	Keating-Bitonti	   Amanda	Van	Auken
                                                          Denise	Bou	                Amanda	Loman               Jodie	VanWie
Henry (Hank) T. Mullins	 	          htmullin@syr.edu      Leigh	Castellani	          Christine	Masters          Tracy	Warmington
Cathryn R. Newton	      	   	       crnewton@syr.edu      Paul	Chiara	               Michael	McHarris
                                                          Andrew	D.	Clift            Yexary	Rodriguez
Scott D. Samson	        	   	       sdsamson@syr.edu
Research	Group:                                           LIBRARY–GEOLOGY BRANCH
Tathagata	Dasgupta	     	   	       tdasgupt@syr.edu      Carol	Cavalluzzi–Branch	Assistant	       cacavall@syr.edu
Jack	Heitpas	           	   	       jhietpas@syr.edu      Elizabeth	Wallace–Librarian	             eawallac@library.syr.edu
Bryan	Sell	             	   	       bksell@syr.edu
                                                          EMERITUS FACULTY
Christopher A. Scholz	 	    	       cascholz@syr.edu	     Gary	M.	Boone
Research	Group:                                           Bryce	M.	Hand
Allison	Burnett	       	    	       apburnett@gmail.com   Joseph	E.	Robinson
Stoney	Gan	            	    	       sgan@syr.edu          James	C.	Brower				
Robert	Gobell	         	    	       rpgobell@syr.edu      Dirk	de	Waard
Robert	Lyons	          	    	       rplyons@syr.edu       John	J.	Prucha
Jessica	Mantaro	       	    	       jlchappe@syr.edu	     	    	
Donald I. Siegel	               	   disiegel@syr.edu	     STAFF
Research	Group:                                           Stephanie	Arnold–Undergraduate/	
Li	Jin	                         	   ljin@syr.edu	         Graduate	Coordinator		 	 	               srarnold@syr.edu
Jessica	Meeks	                  	   jlmeeks@syr.edu       Sarah	Barkin–GSA	Editorial	Assistant	    sbarkin@syr.edu
Soumitri	(Mimi)	Sarkar	         	   ssarka03@syr.edu      Peter	Cattaneo–Research	Analyst	         pkcattan@syr.edu
	                                                         Michael	Cheatham–Laboratory	Tech.	       mmcheath@syr.edu		
Constanze E. Weyhenmeyer	       	   cweyhenm@syr.edu      Jacqueline	Corbett–Laboratory	Tech.	     jphilipp@syr.edu
Research	Group:                                           John	L.	Davis–Curator	of	Minerals
Allison	Burnett	        	 	         apburnett@gmail.com   Julie	Neri–Office	Administrator	         jjneri@syr.edu
                                                          Bonnie	Windey–Office	Coordinator	        bgwindey@syr.edu
RESEARCH FACULTY
Marion	(Pat)	E.	Bickford	       	   mebickfo@syr.edu      NEWSLETTER EDITOR
Laura	E.	Webb	                  	   lewebb@syr.edu        Julie	Neri
Bruce	Wilkinson	                	   eustasy@syr.edu
  In   memoriam
Ernest Hathaway Muller,	born	March	4,	1923	in	
Tabriz,	Iran,	passed	away	suddenly	in	Houston,	Texas	
on	October	20,	2005.	Ernie,	as	he	was	known	by	his	
many	friends	and	colleagues,	was	a	fellow	in	the	Geologi-
cal	Society	of	America	and	was	recognized	nationally	and	         ERNEST H. MULLER
internationally	as	an	authority	on	the	interpretation	of	         1923-2005
glacial	environments,	Quaternary	stratigraphy,	and	
geomorphology.	He	published	well	over	50	scientific	 	
                                                                  Emeritus Professor of Geology
papers	on	his	research.	
	    Ernie	served	as	a	Second	Lieutenant/meteorologist	
forecasting	weather	during	WW	II	after	he	completed	
his	B.S.	in	Geology	at	Wooster	College,	Ohio.	Then	
Ernie	earned	his	Master’s	(1949)	and	Doctorate	degrees	        encouraging	advisor	noted	for	his	ability	to	bring	in	ex-
in	Geology	from	the	University	of	Illinois	(1952).	He	         amples	from	other	places	that	no	one	else	thought	were	
went	on	to	work	for	the	US	Geological	Survey	before	           relevant	to	the	discussion.	In	teaching	and	advising	Ernie	
accepting	a	faculty	position	at	Cornell	University	in	         would	be	enthusiastic	about	new	and	good	ideas,	while	
1954.	He	arrived	at	Syracuse	University	in	1959	where	he	      never	harshly	criticizing	speculation	that	he	thought	was	
subsequently	taught	for	31	years.	At	Syracuse	University	      unwarranted.	Ernie	would	just	quietly	say,	“that’s	an	in-
he	molded	the	careers	of	20	masters	students	and	15	doc-       teresting	thought,”	and	you’d	know	that	he	didn’t	think	
toral	students	and	also	served	as	Chair	for	time,	fostering	   much	of	it.
a	spirit	of	academic	and	departmental	collegiality.	           	    Through	it	all,	Ernie	had	a	great	sense	of	humor	that	
	    Ernie	was	recognized	internationally	for	his	life-long	   tied	to	the	subject	at	hand.	His	students	report,	as	an	ex-
career	in	Quaternary	Geology.	His	research	contributions	                                              	
                                                               ample,	“	To	walk	with	Ernie	past	a	field	of	freshly	shorn	
crossed	a	spectrum	of	topics	ranging	from	detailed	maps	                                                 	
                                                               sheep,	one	might	say	“look	Ernie,	a	field	of	freshly	shorn	
depicting	ice	sheet	stratigraphy	and	the	interpretation	       sheep”	to	which	he	would	reply,	“at	least	on	this	side.”	
of	Laurentide	recessional	history	in	the	Northeastern	         	                  	
                                                                    Ernie’s	last	field	efforts	were	directed	to	uncover-
United	States,	to	preparing	numerous	glacial	geology	          ing	the	elusive	evidence	of	the	expanding	Bering	glacier	
maps	of	New	York	States.	This	extensive	mapping	                                      	
                                                               lobe.	The	rigors	of	fieldwork	in	this	remote	region	led	
effort	helped	to	provide	the	framework	for	our	modern	         him	to	decline	an	invitation	to	return	in	2004	with,	“I	
understanding	of	landscapes	glaciated	by	continental	          look	forward	to	learning	what	you	discover	in	my	ab-
ice	sheets.	His	research	ranged	from	how	glacial	till	and	     sence.”	And	he	really	did.
                                        	
drumlins	formed,	to	how	catastrophic	flooding	carved	          	    Ernie’s	students	and	colleagues	held	a	special	
deep	channels	between	glacial	lakes.	                          session	at	the	National	Meeting	of	the	Geological	Society	
	    Ernie’s	quiet	demeanor	incorporated	a	confidence	
                                                 	             of	America	in	2002	in	Ernie’s	honor	after	his	retirement	
born	from	an	outstanding	command	of	the	literature	            from	full-	time	academic	life.	He	will	be	missed.	
      	
and	field	methods,	coupled	to	an	insightful	mind.	Ernie	       	    Ernie	was	preceded	in	death	by	his	loving	wife,	
wrote	succinct,	lucid	publications	that	addressed	dif-         Wanda	Custis	Muller.	He	is	survived	by	his	children	
ficult	questions	with	scrupulous	attention	to	detail	and	
  	                                                            David,	Katherine,	and	Ruth	Anne,	and	six	grandchildren.
uncommon	perception.	Ernie	was	a	kind,	supportive	and	




                                                                                                                        3
                  theChair
    A letter from the Chair

                                               s,
       Dear	Alumni	and	Friend                                       ment,	somehow	I	have	en
                                                                                                     ded	up	as	the	
                 After	on       ly	one	year	in	the	Depart                                          ces	from	those	
       	                                                          tions	(as	well	as	condolen
       Chair.	I	am            	still	accepting	congratula                                          lp	in	making	
                                                                    cky	to	have	plenty	of	he
        who	have	se             rved	in	the	past).	I	was	lu                                      and	of	course	
                                                                  at	Bickford,	Don	Siegel	
        this	transiti          on	from	Scott	Samson,	P                                                ember	of	the	
                                                                    ffice.	As	a	relatively	new	m
                                                                      	
         Julie,	Bonn           ie	and	Stephanie	in	the	O                                         eeting	alumni	
                                                                  ch	looking	forward	to	m
         Earth	Scien            ce	faculty,	I	am	very	mu                                           g	in	Denver.	We	
                                                                    	upcoming	GSA	Meetin                              program	and	look	
         and	friend           s	of	the	Department	at	the                                  nt	of	the	Earth	Science	
                                                and	t   he	continued	developme                                        e	program	
          are	looking	to	the	future	                                                     ho	have	helped	shape	th
                                                	stron   ger	ties	with	all	of	you	w
          forward	to	building	even                                	efforts.
                               ue	to	support	us	in	these                                                                  ice	as	Chair	over	
          and	contin                                                                      	thank	Scott	for	all	his	serv
                                                         	take	this	opportunity	to                                        	Department.	He	
          	          Before	going	on,	I	want	to                                            	very	difficult	time	for	the
                                                                                                        	
                                                as	dra  fted	into	this	position	at	a                                   racts	outstanding	
           the	past	4	years.	Scott	w                                                    t	the	kind	of	place	that	att
                                                   run  ning	and	helped	make	i                                             t	shape	and	ready	
           has	kept	the	Department	                                                           	his	efforts	we	are	in	grea
                                                   ergrad    uate	students.	Thanks	to                                    	to	have	him	back	
           faculty,	graduate	and	und                                                       n	as	Chair	we	are	excited
                                                    e	n ext	level.	As	he	steps	dow
            to	take	our	programs	to	th                                 	well-deserved	semester	
                                                                                                      on	leave.
            doing	scien          ce	full-time	as	he	enjoys	a                                  lcoming	Cathy	Newton
                                                                                                                         	back	to	the	
                                                           	are	looking	forward	to	we                                   	her	administration	
            	           Among	other	changes,	we                                            f	Art	&	Sciences.	During
                                                   	as	th   e	Dean	of	the	College	o                                    lty	and	major	build-
             Department	after	8	years                                                      pulation,	many	new	facu
                                                   ed	wi    th	a	growing	student	po                                         le	as	Professor	of	
             The	College	has	flourish    	                                                    the	Department	in	her	ro
                                                  reat	to   	have	her	associated	with	
             ing	projects.	It	will	be	g
                                   inary	Sciences.                                                                      ew	analytical	facili-
              Interdiscipl                                                                 g	hiring	of	new	faculty,	n
                                                         e	next	few	years	includin                                           e	spelled	out	in	a	
              	         We	have	big	plans	for	th                                               	Heroy.	All	of	these	will	b
                                                    nd	so    me	renovation	of	space	in                                      e	able	to	report	to	
              ties,	new	teaching	labs,	a                                                    ar’s	newsletter	I	hope	to	b
                                                   he	wo     rks	right	now.	In	next	ye
               strategic	plan	that	is	in	t
                                   progress	in	these	areas.                                                                this	limited	space,	
               you	on	our	                                                                      g	in	the	Department	in	
                                                              the	great	things	happenin                                ent	and	momentum	
                	        	It	is	impossible	to	list	all	                                     t	a	sense	of	the	excitem
                                                     ew  sletter,	you	will	at	least	ge                                  aculty,	graduate	
                but	in	the	pages	of	this	n                                               ide	opportunities	for	the	f
                                                         ajor	research	grants	prov                                      utting	edge	of	our	
                 in	our	research	activities.	M                                               f	exciting	topics	at	the	c
                                                    s	to	in   vestigate	a	wide	range	o                                      and,	the	Pyrenees,	
                 students	and	undergrad                                                        ttings	as	East	Africa,	Icel
                                                        ese    	included	such	diverse	se                                     ateles	Lake.	We	
                  field.	Over	this	summer	th
                   	                                                                           closer	to	home	like	Skane
                                                       d	M      ongolia	as	well	as	places	
                  the	Aegean,	Wyoming,	an                               l	equipment.
                                     dded	some	new	analytica                                                              ment.	We	would	love	
                  have	also	a                                                              re	to	stop	in	at	the	Depart
                           Next	time	you	visit	the         	Syracuse	campus,	be	su                                     g-screen	video	monitor	
                   	                                                                        	the	hallways	and	the	bi
                                                        an    y	research	posters	along                                    culty,	students	and	
                   to	give	you	a	tour	of	the	m                                               	In	the	meantime,	the	fa
                                                     tinuo    usly	in	the	Heroy	lobby.                                   ver	GSA	Meeting.	
                    that	is	now	running	con                                                 ual	reception	at	the	Den
                                                       ard   	to	seeing	you	at	our	ann
                    staff	will	be	looking	forw
                                                                                                          	      	            All	the	best,
                                                                        	         	           	
                           	      	         	             	
                     	
                                                                                                                  	           	         Jeff	
                                                                                   	           	           	
                                             	             	             	
                      	     	      	




4
                       from the departing Chair
Dear	Alumni	and	Friends	of	the	department,

It	is	rather	amazing	to	me	that	I	am	now	writing	my	final	note	for	this	newsletter	as	the	former	
Chair	of	the	Department!	Much	has	happened	in	the	department	in	the	last	year,	as	you	will	see	
in	the	pages	that	follow,	with	one	of	the	most	important	events	being	the	hiring	of	Dr.	Jeff	Karson,	
the	departments	new	Chair.	Jeff	was	formerly	a	Professor	at	Duke	University	before	coming	to	
Syracuse.	I’ll	leave	it	up	to	Jeff	in	his	accompanying	note	to	tell	you	about	his	research	specialties	
(including	his	studies	of	rare	fragments	of	oceanic	lithosphere	‘beached’	onto	the	continents!).	
	         Stepping	down	as	Chair	is	always	a	mixed	blessing	–	I’ll	certainly	miss	the	day	to	day		
interactions	with	the	department	staff	(although	I’ve	promised	them	at	least	a	minimum	of	one		
visitation	per	week!),	talking	to	potential	new	earth	science	majors,	and	trying	to	solve	student	prob-
lems,	real	and	perceived,	as	best	as	possible.	I	won’t	miss	the	seeming	endless	University	meetings	
however!	But	with	handing	over	the	responsibilities	of	running	the	department	gives	me	the	oppor-
tunity	to	get	back	into	the	field	and	into	the	lab	–	something	that	proved	very	difficult	to	as	Chair.	
I’m	often	asked	how	I	enjoy	being	a	civilian	again!	And	to	let	you	know	some	of	the	research	my	
students	and	I	are	pursuing	there	is	a	short	section	on	that	topic	in	the	pages	that	follow	–	many	will	
be	shocked	to	know	we	are	collecting	modern	alluvium!	But	not	to	worry,	I	haven’t	given	up	swing-
ing	sledge	hammers	at	granites	yet	either.	For	Department-wide	research	I	am	please	to	say	that	
the	Earth	Sciences	Faculty	continue	to	conduct	their	intriguing	research	on	every	continent	on	the	
globe,	as	well	as	now	on	the	bottom	of	the	sea	floor!.	And	despite	these	very	difficult	times	in	terms	of	
research	funding	most	of	the	faculty	continue	to	secure	major	grants	from	National	agencies	–	a	clear	
testimony	as	to	how	well	they	are	perceived	as	acclaimed	scientists.	I	even	managed	to	crack	through	
the	seemingly	impenetrable	Tectonics	Division	of	NSF	this	year	with	a	major	new	grant	–	hurray!	
	         In	terms	of	student	activity	in	general	last	year	was	an	excellent	one.	We	had	more	new		
majors	sign	up	than	in	any	previous	year	in	the	past	decade,	as	well	as	welcomed	in	a	superb	new	
group	of	graduate	students	–	covering	fields	from	paleobiology,	to	hydrogeology,	to	structural	geology/
petrology	and	even	brought	in	a	student	who	was	formerly	a	forensic	scientist!	(now	being	reinvented	
as	a	geochemist).	The	interaction	between	the	graduate	and	undergraduate	students	has	also	been	at	
an	all	time	high,	and	it	is	gratifying	to	see	juniors	and	seniors	happily	taking	courses	with	new	graduate	
students.	Thanks	to	many	of	you	who	kindly	sent	in	donations	covering	all	sorts	of	aspects	of	aid	for	stu-
dents	–	from	field	camp	scholarships,	to	the	Prucha	Field	fund,	to	the	K.D.	Nelson	Fund	in	tectonics	and	
more.	The	students	truly	benefit	from	your	generosity.	We’ve	even	had	an	offer	for	a	significant	donation	
towards	buying	a	mammoth	skeleton	for	the	Heroy	Lobby	–	and	this	from	an	SU	alum	that	wasn’t	in	the	
department!
	         It	has	been	great	fun	interacting	with	many	of	you,	either	in	campus	visits,	various	GSA	meetings,	
or	just	chats	on	the	phone.	Because	that	was	so	great	I	am	getting	to	co-hosting,	along	with	Jeff	Karson,	the	
Alumni	reception	party	at	the	GSA	meeting	in	Denver	this	year.	As	it	will	be	the	last	time	I	do	this	I	hope	
everyone	will	make	an	extra	effort	to	come	out	and	show	support	for	the	department.	This	party	promises	to		
be	as	excellent	as	ever	–	last	years	event	was	voted	as	the	most	packed	room,	the	loudest	room,	and	clearly	the	
most	exciting	of	all	the	concurrent	parties.	So	much	so	in	fact	that	many	geologists	abandoned	their	parties	to	
come	and	join	ours!	I	hope	you	can	help	us	claim	that	title	for	the	second	year	running	–	perhaps	GSA	should	
give	us	an	award!		
	         And	even	though	I	am	once	again	a	‘civilian’	I	continue	to	urge	as	many	of	you	as	possible	to	come		
visit	your	alma	mater,	check	out	the	current	Department	events,	and	let	us	show	you	the	great	laboratories	and	
amazing	research	that	the	faculty	and	students	are	doing	these	days!
	
	                                                                                  With	my	fondest	regards,



                                                                                                                   
                                                          ReSeaRch                          SUMMARIES

                                                    Guinea	to	map	structures	and	collect	
                                                    samples	for	thermochronologic,	petrologic	
                                                    and	geochemical	analyses.	The	field	area	
                                                    occupies	a	volcanic	and	seismically	haz-
                                                    ardous	region;	proposed	outreach	activi-
                                                    ties	include	educating	the	local	communi-
                                                    ties	about	these	natural	hazards	during	
                                                    our	field	campaigns.	Funding	will	provide	
                                                    support	for	graduate	and	undergraduate	
                                                    student	research	in	Syracuse	University’s	
                                                    Earth	Sciences	Department,	including	
                                                    the	research	of	MSc	student	Alec	Wag-
                                                    goner,	and	BS	student	Leigh	Castellani.	
                                                    We	will	also	contribute	to	University	
                                                    of	Papua	New	Guinea’s	undergradu-
                                                    ate	curricula	through	lectures	and	short	
                                                    courses.	This	project	builds	on	results	of	
                                                    a	previously	funded	NSF	Tectonics	grant,	
    Suzanne L. Baldwin                              awarded	to	Paul	Fitzgerald	and	I,	that	
                                                    supported	Brian	Monteleone’s	(PhD.,	
    Subduction	of	the	Earth’s	crust	to	mantle	      2007)	dissertation	research.	
    depths	produces	high	pressure	and	ul-
    trahigh	pressure	metamorphic	rocks	(i.e.,	   In	addition	to	engaging	in	exciting	ther-
    eclogites)	at	convergent	plate	boundaries.	  mochronologic	and	tectonics	research,	
    How	these	rocks	return	to	the	Earth’s	sur-   I	continue	to	contribute	to	the	Earth	
    face,	often	at	plate	tectonic	rates	(cm/yr),	Sciences	curriculum	by	teaching	courses	
    remains	an	outstanding	question	of	first-    in	mineralogy,	petrology	and	thermochro-
    order	importance	to	continental	dynamics	    nology.	I’m	especially	grateful	for	funding	
    and	plate	tectonics.	                        provided	by	Syracuse	University’s	Soling	
                                                 program	(http://soling.syr.edu)	that	has	
    NSF’s	Continental	Dynamics	program	re- enabled	me	to	incorporate	a	community	
    cently	funded	our	five-year,	$3.59	million,	 outreach	component	into	the	Mineral-
    collaborative	proposal	to	investigate	how	   ogy	course	(GOL	314)	curriculum.	This	
    the	world’s	youngest	(8-2	my)	high	pres-     required	course	for	all	Earth	Science	
    sure	and	ultrahigh	pressure	metamorphic	 majors	introduces	students	to	the	nature,	
    rocks	have	been	exhumed	in	the	Wood-         origin	and	evolution	of	the	minerals	that	
    lark	Rift	of	Papua	New	Guinea.	Paul	         form	the	Earth.	I	take	a	holistic	approach	
    Fitzgerald,	Laura	Webb,	and	I	are	taking	    to	the	study	of	minerals	beginning	with	
    the	lead	on	this	study	that	involves	a	team	 the	Earth’s	core,	mantle,	crust	and	finally	
    of	earth	scientists	from	the	US,	Papua	      examining	minerals	which	form	at	the	
    New	Guinea,	New	Zealand	and	Austra-          Earth’s	surface.	Students	learn	to	identify	
    lia,	including	seismologists,	geodesists,	   and	interpret	the	most	common	rock-
    structural	geologists,	thermochronologists,	 forming	and	economic	minerals	in	hand	           Top photo: Geologic fieldwork on Fergusson
                                                                                                  Island, Papua New Guinea.
    petrologists,	geochemists,	and	geody-        sample.	The	course	ends	with	an	intro-
    namicists.	Our	collaborative	study	aims	to	 duction	to	the	techniques	of	optical	min-         Middle photo: Petrology students engaged in
    document	how	the	Australian-Woodlark	        eralogy	and	petrography	(i.e.,	the	study	of	     undergraduate research in the petrography lab.
    plate	boundary	has	transitioned	from	a	      minerals	and	rocks	in	thin	section).	            Bottom photo: Mineralogy students sing for 4th
    convergent	to	a	divergent	plate	bound-                                                        grade students as part of their Soling-funded
    ary.	We	are	planning	three	field	seasons	    Fieldtrips	to	collect	fluorescent	minerals	      outreach mineral presentations.
    in	the	Milne	Bay	Province	of	Papua	New	 at	the	world	famous	Franklin-Sterling	


Hill	Mine	District	in	Sussex	County	NJ	        of	Hf,	but	exclude	Lu,	the	isotopic	com-         that	enrolled	eighteen	students.	During	
(http://sterlinghillminingmuseum.org),	        position	of	Hf	(the	176Hf/177Hf	ratio)	in	       Fall	2007,	I	had	three	graduate	students	
and	garnets	at	the	Barton	Mine	at	Gore	        the	zircon	reflects	that	of	the	source	re-       are	working	with	me	to	learn	to	use	
Mountain	(http://www.garnetminetours.          gion	of	the	magma	from	which	the	zircon	         the	universal	rotating	stage,	an	elegant	
com/)	are	an	integral	part	of	the	course.	     crystallized,	and	thus	allows	calculation	       ---if	somewhat	out-dated—method	of	
Mineralogy	students	use	their	samples	         of	the	age	of	the	source	rocks	from	which	       obtaining	optical	data	and	compositions	
to	prepare	and	present	mineral	exhibits	       the	magmas	were	derived.	                        for	crystals	in	thin	sections.	The	same	
to	4th	grade	students	in	the	Syracuse	                                                          students	will	also	do	some	advanced	
region.	                                       For	this	work,	I	use	zircons,	mounted	in	        X-Ray	diffraction	experiments,	studying	
                                               epoxy,	and	previously	dated	by	the	U-Pb	         the	variation	of	the	cell	edge	as	a	func-
This	outreach	activity	has	received	acco-      method	with	the	SHRIMP	(Sensitive	               tion	of	varying	mole-fractions	of	KCl	in	
lades	from	K-12	teachers,	and	has	been	        High-Resolution	Ion	Microprobe).	I	take	         NaCl,	as	well	as	some	X-Ray	methods	
the	focus	of	several	news	articles	in	local	   the	SHRIMP	mount	to	the	University	              for	obtaining	the	composition	of	miner-
papers.	Other	curriculum	changes	made	         of	Florida	where	he	analyzes	for	Hf	iso-         als	such	as	olivine.
possible	from	Soling	funding	include	the	      topic	composition	with	a	laser-ablation,	
development	of	laboratory	exercises	in	        multicollector	inductively-coupled	mass	
the	X-ray	diffraction	and	SEM	laborato-        spectrometer	(LA-MC-ICPMS).
ries	enabling	Earth	Science	students	to	        				                                            Paul G. Fitzgerald
experience	the	excitement	of	research	         I	have	continued	to	publish	the	results	of	
firsthand.	These	are	just	a	few	highlights	    SHRIMP	zircon	studies	of	the	timing	of	          It’s	been	a	busy	few	years	since	the	last	
of	my	recent	research	and	teaching	ef-         high-grade	metamorphism	and	anatexis	            newsletter.	Aside	from	teaching	the	
forts.	I’m	thankful	to	have	such	wonder-       (crustal	melting)	in	the	Adirondacks.	I	         usual	full	complement	of	classes	along	
ful	colleagues	and	students	to	work	with,	     collaborate	with	Jim	McLelland	(also	            with	field	trips	I	have	been	involved	in	
and	that	our	research	group	continues	to	      retired	from	Colgate	University)	and	            field-work	in	Papua	New	Guinea,	the	
grow.                                          former	Ph.D.	Student	Barbara	Hill.               Pyrenees,	the	Aegean	and	6	scientific	
                                                                                                conferences.	Three	NSF	grants	have	
                                               I	recently	traveled	to	Kent	State	Uni-           ended	and	two	more	have	started.	One	
                                               versity	to	deliver	a	seminar	talk	on	“The	       of	the	new	grants	from	NSF	Tectonics	is	
Pat Bickford                                   Sask	Craton:	An	Enigmatic	Archean	               a	3	year	project	to	work	in	the	Pyrenees	
                                               Crustal	Fragment	in	the	Internides	of	           along	with	co-PI	Suzanne	Baldwin,	post-
Although	I’ve	been	retired	for	ten	years,	     the	Paleoproterozoic	Trans-Hudson	               doc	Jim	Metcalf	and	Josep-Anton	Münoz	
I	have	found	a	number	of	things	geologic	      Orogen”.                                         from	the	University	of	Barcelona	to	use	
to	keep	me	busy.	I	still	maintain	my	re-                                                        low-temperature	thermochronology	to	
search	office	on	the	third	floor	of	Heroy	     During	the	Spring	2007,	I	taught	a	              constrain	the	cooling,	and	hence	tectonic	
Geology	Laboratory,	but	have	added	a	          course	“Techniques	of	Scanning	Elec-             history	associated	with	diachronous	col-
few	new	activities	to	my	daily	routine.        tron	Microscopy	and	X-Ray	Analysis”	             lision	and	thrusting	along	the	range.	We	

First,	I’m	serving	as	the	Geological	
Society	of	America	Science	Book	Editor,	
a	job	now	happily	shared	with	colleague	
Don	I.	Siegel.	Don	and	I	have	an	Edito-
rial	Office	in	Room	305	Heroy	that	is	
ably	staffed	by	Editorial	Assistant	Sarah	
Barkin.	We	handle	proposals	for	GSA	
books	and	evaluate	completed	volumes	
for	publication	as	GSA	Special	Papers	
or	Memoirs.	The	work	is	sometimes	
frustrating,	but	mostly	quite	fun,	for	it	
keeps	us	on	top	of	much	that	is	new	and	
exciting	in	the	earth	sciences.	We	are	
both	members	of	the	GSA	Publications	
Committee.

Another	activity	keeping	me	busy	is	
analyzing	zircons	from	Colorado	and	the	
buried	basement	of	the	mid-continent	
for	their	hafnium	(Hf)	isotopic	com-
position.	The	Hf	isotope	Hf	176	is	the	
daughter	of	radioactive	Lu	176.	Because	       Jim Metcalf, Paul Fitzgerald, Suzanne Baldwin and Emily Feinberg in the Vall de Remuñe
                                               on the second day of sampling the Lys Caillaous pluton that straddles the French-Spanish
zircons	take	up	relatively	large	amounts	
                                               border in the west-central Pyrenees.                                                         
were	delighted	that	Jim	could	join	us	to	        As	regards	publications,	this	too	has	been	    ent	and	future”	-	this	later	paper	being	
work	on	this	project,	following	his	PhD	at	      very	productive	since	the	last	newsletter.	    the	first	to	apply	escape	tectonics	to	the	
Stanford,	as	he	brings	added	new	insight	        We	had	a	long	paper	(Fitzgerald	et	al.,	       terrane	accretion	concept	that	was	devel-
and	expertise,	especially	in	(U-Th)/He	          2006)	published	in	Chemical	Geology	           oped	in	Alaska.	Another	recently	pub-
dating.	The	other	grant,	5	years	of	fund-        on	“Interpretation	of	(U-Th)/He	single	        lished	paper	was	Fitzgerald	and	Baldwin	
ing	from	NSF	Continental	Dynamics,	is	           grain	ages	from	slowly	cooled	crustal	         (2007)	“	Thermochronologic	constraints	
to	examine	how	rifting	is	exhuming	the	          terranes:	A	case	study	from	the	Trans-         on	Jurassic	rift	flank	denudation	in	the	
world’s	youngest	HP	and	UHP	rocks	from	          antarctic	Mountains	of	southern	Victoria	      Thiel	Mountains,	Antarctica”.
depths	of	ca.	100	km.	Suzanne	Baldwin	is	        Land”	-	well	received	as	it	was	the	first	
the	PI	on	this	grant	and	Laura	Webb	and	         to	document	single	grain	age	variation	in	     On	the	teaching	front,	I	was	delighted	
I	are	the	co-PIs.	Syracuse	University	is	        apatite	(U-Th)/He	ages,	why	this	occurs	       to	team-teach	“Plate	Tectonics”	in	the	
the	lead-institution	on	this	multi-institu-      and	how	to	deal	with	it.	In	spring	2006	       spring	of	2007	with	Jeff	Karson.	I	last	
tion	international	research	endeavor.	I	still	   I	was	study	leave	at	Lamont-Doherty	           taught	this	in	spring	2002,	but	because	of	
have	a	number	of	other	Antarctic	research	       Earth	Observatory	of	Columbia	Univer-          a	shortage	of	faculty	since	then,	this	was	
projects	still	active,	one	in	collaboration	     sity	working	on	collaborative	research	that	   the	last	time	it	was	taught.	Capped	by	a	3-
with	scientists	from	New	Zealand	using	          led	to	a	number	of	papers:	Studinger	et	       day	field	trip	across	the	Taconic	Orogeny,	
(U-Th)/He	dating	on	samples	from	the	            al.	(2006)	in	Earth	and	Planetary	Science	     this	course	was	a	great	success	and	will	
Transantarctic	Mountains.	This	project	          Letters	on	“Crustal	architecture	of	the	       be	taught	every	spring.	Aside	from	Jeff’s	
involved	undergraduate	Emily	Feinberg	           Transantarctic	Mountains	between	the	          diplomatic	and	organizational	skills	as	
who	worked	on	these	really	difficult	            Scott	and	Reedy	Glacier	region	and	South	      the	new	chair,	it	is	a	fantastic	boost	to	the	
samples.	Emily	also	joined	us	in	Pyrenees	       Pole	from	aerogeophysical	data”;	Bialas	       department	to	have	such	an	experienced	
fieldwork	in	June	2007.                          et	al.	(2007)	in	Geology	on	“	Plateau	         colleague	join	our	faculty.	In	Fall	2006	I	
                                                 Collapse	Model	for	the	Transantarctic	         was	also	appointed	Director	of	Graduate	
There	has	also	been	considerable	prog-           Mountains	/	West	Antarctic	Rift	System:	       Studies.	This	position,	vacant	for	many	
ress	from	graduate	students.	Josh	Taylor	        Insights	from	Numerical	Experiments”	          years,	entails	-	well	-	directing	the	gradu-
finished	his	MS	on	the	uplift	and	forma-         as	well	as	a	paper	on	the	Basin	and	Range	     ate	program	in	the	department.	We	have	
tion	of	the	Adirondack	Mountains	using	          Province;	Fitzgerald	et	al.	(in	review)	on	    embarked	on	an	ambitious	program	of	
low-temperature	thermochronology,	and	           “The	South	Virgin-White	Hills	detach-          upgrade	and	enhanced	communication.
we	have	a	paper	very	nearly	ready	to	            ment	fault	system	of	SE	Nevada	and	NW	
submit.	We	were	very	pleased	that	Josh	          Arizona:	The	application	of	apatite	fission	
has	remained	at	Syracuse	for	his	PhD	            track	thermochronology	to	constraining	
and	is	working	a	NSF-Tectonics	funded	           displacement	gradient	accommodation	           Linda c. Ivany	
project	in	Mongolia	with	Laura	Webb.	            along	a	major	detachment	fault”.	In	addi-
PhD	candidate	Erika	Schwabe,	who	was	            tion,	several	papers	from	projects	that	had	   As	is	always	the	hope,	this	past	year	
working	in	the	west-central	Pyrenees	got	        recently	ended	were	published,	including	      for	me	has	been	one	of	long-standing	
married	and	moved	to	Georgia	where	she	          Baldwin	et	al.	(2007)	“Thermochronol-          projects	coming	to	fruition	and	new	ones	
is	writing	up	her	thesis.	Stephanie	Perry	       ogy	of	the	New	Caledonia	high	pressure	        beginning.	
joined	us	from	SUNY(Albany)	where	she	           terrane:	Implications	of	mid-Tertiary	plate	
obtained	a	MS	and	is	now	working	on	             boundary	processes	in	the	southwest	           Several	years	of	research	on	Eocene	
a	PhD	project	in	Alaska	looking	at	the	          Pacific”,	Redfield	et	al.	(2007)	in	Geology	   climate	change	on	the	Antarctic	Penin-
uplift	and	formation	of	the	central	and	         on	“	The	extrusion	of	Alaska,	past,	pres-      sula	has	resulted	in	manuscripts	on	the	
eastern	Alaska	Ranges,	both	of	which	
lie	along	the	active	Denali	fault.	Parts	
of	this	project	are	in	co-operation	with	
colleagues	Paul	Layer	and	Jeff	Benowitz	
from	the	University	of	Alaska,	Fairbanks.	
Stephanie	was	successful	in	obtaining	
some	funding	from	the	Geological	Soci-
ety	of	America	to	cover	costs	of	apatite	
(U-Th)/He	dating	on	a	suite	of	samples	
that	I	had	previously	collected	from	the	
top-to-bottom	of	Mt	McKinley.


Working in fossiliferous early Eocene sedi-
ments exposed along the Tombigbee River of
SW Alabama. From left to right, Jocelyn Sessa
(Penn State), 2 undergrads from the College
of William and Mary, and Linda Ivany.


      timing	and	trajectory	of	cooling	and	the	            Shifting	gears,	I	recently	received	funding	   Hamilton	Group	in	New	York	State.	
      response	of	shallow	marine	faunas	to	it.	            from	NSF	to	support	work	reconstructing	       Ellen	De	Man,	frequent	visitor	to	the	de-
      A	paper	in	the	May	2006	issue	of	Geol-               the	Paleogene	climate	record	of	the	US	        partment	and	collaborator	on	Eocene	and	
      ogy	describes	sedimentologic	evidence	               Gulf	Coastal	Plain	using	stable	isotopes	      Oligocene	climate	change	in	the	North	
      for	an	ice	sheet	on	the	Peninsula	at	about	          of	shell	material	and	investigating	its	       Sea	basin,	successfully	defended	her	dis-
      the	Eocene-Oligocene	boundary,	earlier	              effects	on	paleoecological	turnover	of	the	    sertation	this	past	fall	at	Leuven	Univer-
      than	previously	believed.	This	work	                 mollusk	fauna	and	evolutionary	change	         sity	in	Belgium	and	has	accepted	a	job	at	
      implies	that	the	initial	onset	of	continen-          in	two	common	lineages.	The	grant	is	          Exxon-Mobil	in	Houston	TX.	We	wish	
      tal	glaciation	was	synchronous	in	East	              collaborative	with	Rowan	Lockwood,	on	         her	all	the	best.	Caitlin	Keating-Bitonti,	a	
      and	West	Antarctica.	If	glaciers	reached	            the	faculty	at	the	College	of	William	and	     junior	this	year,	has	been	working	in	the	
      the	far	northern	reaches	of	the	Peninsula	           Mary,	and	Warren	Allmon	at	the	Paleon-         paleo	lab	for	two	years	now	and	will	begin	
      that	fast,	then	the	climate	system	must	             tolgical	Research	Institution	in	Ithaca,	      an	independent	research	project	this	fall	
      have	responded	very	abruptly	to	the	more	            NY,	and	will	support	PhD	research	by	          using	stable	isotopes	of	shell	material	to	
      gradual	decrease	in	the	amount	of	carbon	            Heather	Baugh	Wall	and	provide	a	year	         understand	climate	change	and	ecology.	
      dioxide	in	the	atmosphere	and/or	changes	            of	postdoctoral	support	for	Jocelyn	Sessa,	    The	paleontology	lab	continues	to	have	
      in	ocean	circulation	associated	with	the	            currently	a	PhD	student	at	Penn	State.	        a	small	army	of	students	helping	out.	
      opening	of	gateways	between	Antarctica	              Jocelyn	and	I	have	already	been	work-          In	addition	to	Caitlin,	Leigh	Castellani,	
      and	South	America.	                                  ing	on	the	transition	from	the	Paleocene	      Cristina	Story,	Emily	Feinberg,	Justina	
                                                           to	the	early	Eocene	as	recorded	in	the	        Fedorchuk,	Michael	McHarris,	Justin	
                                                           shell	chemistry	of	Venericardia	bivalves.	     Bohling,	Shea	Lambert,	and	Tristan	Lee-
                                                           Heather’s	work	focuses	on	the	paleoeco-        Wright	have	all	contributed	their	time	
                                                           logical	record	(see	her	write-up).             and	expertise	to	ongoing	projects	over	the	
                                                                                                          past	two	years.	Many	of	these	students	
                                                           Another	collaborative	project	to	recently	     presented	posters	on	their	work	at	May-
                                                           get	underway	deals	with	large	Permian	         fest	celebrations	and	the	Earth	Sciences	
                                                           bivalves	from	Southeastern	Australia	          student	symposium.	We	look	forward	to	
                                                           collected	by	Bruce	Runnegar,	director	         seeing	great	things	from	them	all!
                                                           of	NASA’s	Astrobiology	Institute	and	
Fossils from the Eocene La Meseta Formation on             faculty	member	at	UCLA.	Bruce	noted	
Seymour Island, Antarctica. A) the bivalve Cucullaea       similarities	between	his	clams	and	those	
raea; B) the brachiopod Bouchardia antarctica; C) the      reported	by	a	former	student	in	the	paleo	     Jeffrey a. Karson	
gastropod Polinices subtenuis; D) the bivalve Eurhoma-     lab,	Devin	Buick,	with	me	in	2004.	Both	
lea newtoni. Scale bars are 1 cm. The chemistry of         are	large,	from	high	latitudes,	and	exhibit	   Moving	from	Duke	University	in	sunny	
these shells has revealed the details of climate cooling
                                                           large	numbers	of	well-developed	growth	        North	Carolina,	you	can	imagine	that	I	
during the transition from a warm, forested Antarctica
to one covered by glacial ice.                             bands.	We	used	high-resolution	micro-          have	been	asked	about	a	hundred	times:	
                                                           sampling	and	stable	isotope	analysis	to	       “Did	they	tell	you	about	the	snow	here	in	
      In	addition,	I	have	submitted	for	pub-               show	that	the	growth	bands	are	annual,	        Syracuse?”	Well,	they	really	did	not	have	
      lication	a	manuscript	detailing	climate	             and	are	now	investigating	the	significance	    to	tell	me	much.	I	grew	up	and	went	to	
      change	during	the	Eocene	that	led	up	to	             of	those	records	for	interpreting	paleoen-     school	in	northern	Ohio	and	upstate	New	
      the	beginning	of	ice	growth	on	Antarctica.	          vironments	during	deglaciation	in	the	late	    York,	so	I	am	well	acquainted	with	the	
      Here,	we	use	stable	isotopic	values	of	              Permian.                                       weather	in	this	part	of	the	country.	Still,	
      mollusk	shells	collected	through	the	Eo-                                                            after	last	winter’s	snowfall,	I	am	in	the	
      cene	section	on	Seymour	Island,	Antarctic	           On	the	student	front,	I’m	happy	to	report	     market	for	a	snow-blower!
      Peninsula,	to	constrain	paleotemperatures	           that	both	Heather	Baugh	and	Patrick	Wall	
      through	time.	We	find	that	Eocene	cool-              have	decided	to	stay	on	at	Syracuse	and	
      ing	is	more	complicated	than	initially	pre-          pursue	PhDs	in	the	paleontology	pro-
      sumed,	with	a	short-lived	swing	to	much	             gram.	In	addition,	Andrew	Haveles	began	
      warmer	conditions	in	the	late	middle	                Masters	research	in	the	fall	of	2006	work-
      Eocene	followed	by	a	rapid	shift	to	much	            ing	on	the	unusual	mollusk	fauna	of	the	
      colder	conditions.	These	climate	swings	             middle	Eocene	Gosport	Sand	in	the	US	
      are	associated	with	significant	faunal	              Gulf	Coast.	They	will	all	present	aspects	
      turnover	that	appears	to	have	eliminated	            of	their	research	at	the	GSA	this	fall,	and	
      many	of	the	shell-crushing	predators	from	           Heather,	Patrick	and	I	are	coauthors	on	
      the	ecosystem,	allowing	more	fragile	taxa	           a	collaborative	project	with	Carlton	Brett	
      like	stalked	crinoids	to	recolonize	shal-            (University	of	Cincinnati)	on	patterns	of	
      low-water	environments	from	which	they	              faunal	turnover	in	the	middle	Devonian	
      have	been	more	or	less	excluded	since	
      the	Paleozoic.	

      SU Earth Science graduate students examine columnar jointing and other features of
                                                                                                                                                      
      lava flows on the south coast of Iceland during summer fieldwork.
                                                  of	the	other	programs	in	the	Department.	   Overall,	these	studies	center	on	the	
                                                  This	is	a	terrific	place	to	go	to	graduate	 relationship	between	tectonic	extension	
                                                                                              and	magmatic	construction	in	oceanic	
                                                  school	with	the	faculty,	facilities,	resourc-
                                                  es	and	attitude	that	can	propel	students	   crust–	or	as	one	of	my	students	put	it:	
                                                  into	many	different	types	of	careers	in	the	“black	rocks	in	cold,	wet	places”.	
                                                  Earth	Sciences.	                            One	of	my	current	research	projects	
                                                                                              focuses	on	“seafloor	spreading”	and	
                                                  By	way	of	introduction,	let	me	tell	you	a	  transform	faulting	in	Iceland.	Graduate	
                                                  little	about	my	background.	I	grew	up	and	 students	Drew	Siler	and	Andrew	Horst	
                                                  went	to	undergraduate	school	in	northern	 (both	here	at	SU)	and	Lindsay	Morgan	
                                                  Ohio	(CWRU)	before	heading	to	gradu-        (who	just	finished	her	MS	at	Duke)	are	
                                                  ate	school	at	SUNY	at	Albany.	While	I	      working	projects	in	Iceland	with	me.	With	
                                                  was	at	SUNYA	I	worked	on	ophiolite	         several	other	colleagues	at	other	institu-
                                                  complexes	(on-land	slabs	of	ancient	oce-    tions,	I	am	also	finishing	up	a	study	of	
                                                  anic	crust	and	mantle)	in	Newfoundland.	 oceanic	crust	exposed	in	a	seafloor	chasm	
                                                  I	also	spend	a	lot	of	time	in	the	New	Eng- near	Easter	Island	in	the	SE	Pacific	called	
                                                  land	Appalachians	and	especially	the	high	 “Pito	Deep”.	Near-future	work	will	
                                                  peaks	of	the	Adirondacks.	After	a	postdoc	 continue	to	focus	on	these	types	of	inves-
                                                  at	the	University	of	Toronto,	I	went	to	    tigations	as	well	as	collaborative	projects	
                                                  Woods	Hole	Oceanographic	Institution	       with	people	here	in	the	Department.	I	
                                                  where	I	began	to	focus	on	processes	along	 am	looking	forward	to	involving	both	
                                                  mid-ocean	ridges	and	transform	faults.	     graduate	and	undergraduate	students	in	
                                                  I	joined	the	Department	of	Geology	at	      projects	related	to	this	research.
                                                  Duke	University	in	1986	where	I	served	
                                                  as	Chair	of	the	Department	in	the	mid-      Mid-ocean	ridge	spreading	centers	are	
 Frigid melt water from nearby glaciers           1990’s.	At	Duke	I	continued	my	research	 the	most	voluminous	volcanic	province	
 cascades down a narrow gorge created by          on	both	ophiolites	and	oceanic	crust	along	 on	Earth	and	a	showcase	of	extensional	
 a strike-slip fault zone in one of our Iceland   with	a	great	group	of	graduate	students	    tectonics.	And	yet,	we	know	so	little	
 study areas.                                     and	postdocs.	Together	we	investigated	     about	the	processes	there.	After	a	couple	
                                                  such	diverse	places	as	the	East	African	    decades	of	learning	how	to	do	geology		
 Even	though	I	have	been	in	town	for	a	           Rift,	ophiolites	in	Morocco	and	tiny	Mac-   on	the	deep	seafloor,	we	are	at	a	point	
 year	already,	I	have	hardly	had	a	chance	        quarie	Island	(1000	miles	south	of	New	     where	we	can	basically	make	geologi-
 to	unpack.	I	am	thrilled	to	be	part	of	the	      Zealand),	the	East	Greenland	Volcanic	      cal	maps	and	collect	samples	wherever	
 Department	of	Earth	Sciences	here	at	            Rifted	Margin,	and	Iceland.	Seagoing	       we	like,	even	under	a	couple	miles	of	
 Syracuse,	but	research,	teaching,	and	           cruises	using	small	submarines	like	Alvin	 seawater.	The	opportunity	to	make	major	
 administrative	chores	are	keeping	me	in-         took	us	to	the	Mid-Atlantic	Ridge	and	      contributions	along	these	lines	is	just		
 credibly	busy.	The	depth	and	breadth	of	         giant	seafloor	escarpments	in	the	Pacific.	 terrific	right	now.	
 research	and	commitment	to	teaching	in	
 the	Department	are	really	an	inspiration	
 to	me.	I	have	many	longstanding	connec-          Sheeted dike complex exposed on the seafloor (about 3000 m) near Easter Island in the SE Pacific
 tions	to	people	in	the	Department	and	           Ocean. Each dike is about 1 m wide and represents a small increment of seafloor spreading where
 it	is	exciting	to	have	a	chance	to	interact	     magma injected the ever-widening crack beneath a spreading center.
 with	them	and	learn	more	about	their	
 research	programs.	The	administration,	
 faculty,	students,	staff	and	alumni	have	
 all	given	me	an	incredibly	warm	welcome	
 that	is	deeply	appreciated.	

 Perhaps	one	of	the	most	exciting	things	
 about	joining	the	Department	is	becom-
 ing	part	of	what	I	regard	as	one	of	the	
 most	exciting	programs	in	tectonics	and	
 thermochronology	in	the	US.	The	col-
 lected	accomplishments	and	ongoing	
 projects	of	the	faculty	(and	students!)	
 could	fill	the	pages	of	a	state-of-the-art	
 textbook	in	tectonics.	This	part	of	the	
 program	is	all	the	richer	for	the	strength	


10
                                                                                              proposed	an	extraterrestrial	trigger	to	the	
                                                                                              melt	water	flood(s)	that	cause	the	Younger	
                                                                                              Dryas	Climate	reversal	-	perhaps	the	best	
                                                                                              know	abrupt	climate	change	in	the	Earth	
                                                                                              Sciences.	Our	data	from	western	Ireland	
                                                                                              clearly	document	that	the	Younger	Dryas	
                                                                                              was	not	a	single	event	with	an	abrupt	
                                                                                              beginning	and	end	between	~	13,000	to	
                                                                                              11,500	calendar	years	ago,	but	in	fact	had	
                                                                                              three	major,	and	as	many	as	six	minor	
                                                                                              climate	fluctuations	associated	with	it.

                                                                                              I	am	also	working	with	geochemist	
                                                                                              Mark	Teece	at	SUNY-ESF	on	a	wonder-
                                                                                              ful	stable	isotope	data	set	(oxygen	and	
                                                                                              carbon)	from	both	carbonate	and	organic	
Postdoc Jim Metcalf taking a thermochronology sample of the Possets pluton, Central           matter	recovered	in	dual	11	m	long	piston	
Pyrenees, June 200                                                                           cores	at	the	south	end	of	Cayuga	Lake,	
                                                                                              NY.	This	is	a	high	resolution	of	the	transi-
As	the	“new	guy	on	the	block”	I	am	very	       in	the	Pyrenees	with	Paul,	Suzanne,	and	       tion	between	the	Holocene	Hypsithermal	
interested	in	meeting	the	alumni	and	          undergraduate	Emily	Feinberg.	I	have	          and	our	present	Neoglacial,	and	should	
friends	of	the	Department.	I	hope	you	         since	decided	that	the	Pyrenees	could	         provide	considerable	new	insight	to	this	
will	stop	by	so	I	can	meet	you	all	in	per-     possibly	be	the	greatest	field	site	on	the	    important	paleoclimactic	transition.
son	next	time	you	visit	the	campus.	           planet.	Not	only	is	the	geology	fascinating	
                                               and	well	exposed,	but	the	food	and	scen-       Bill	Anderson,	former	SU	MS	student,	
                                               ery	cannot	be	beat.	I	also	had	a	chance	to	    now	a	tenured	professor	at	Florida	In-
                                               interact	with	our	Spanish	colleague	from	      ternational	University,	and	I	are	working	
James Metcalf	                                 the	University	of	Barcelona,	Dr.	Josep-        on	a	12	m	long	core	from	the	south	end	
                                               Anton	Muñoz.	As	excited	and	positive	as	       of	Seneca	Lake.	It	is	a	highly	multiproxy	
My	first	year	here	at	Syracuse	has	been	       I	am	about	our	data	I	hope	we	don’t	figure	    approach,	including	stable	isotopes,	that	
both	busy	and	exciting.	I	arrived	in	          everything	out,	I’d	love	to	have	an	excuse	    documents	multiple	millennial	to	centen-
August	of	2006,	just	a	few	weeks	after	        to	go	back!                                    nial	scale	climate	changes	throughout	
completing	my	Ph.D.,	and	got	straight	                                                        the	Holocene	in	the	northeastern	United	
to	work.	My	background	is	in	thermo-           In	addition	to	keeping	busy	with	the	          States,	which	has	great	implications	for	
chronology,	and	I	am	particularly	excited	     Pyrenees	project,	I’ve	been	working	on	        the	current	debate	on	global	warming.
about	the	opportunity	Syracuse	offers	         computer	automation	of	the	noble	gas	
to	use	and	integrate	all	of	the	major	         lab,	hoping	to	increase	the	speed	and	ease	
low-temperature	thermochronologic	             of	sample	analysis.	I’ve	been	having	a	
systems.	I	spent	much	of	the	first	few	        great	time	being	a	part	of	such	an	active	     cathryn R. Newton                   	
months	learning	the	ropes	and	getting	         research	group,	and	am	excited	about	all	
trained	to	use	the	SUNGIRL	lab	facili-         of	the	projects	I	am	involved	with.         Cathryn	R.	Newton,	dean	of	The	College	
ties.	My	postdoc	is	with	Paul	Fitzgerald	                                                  of	Arts	and	Sciences,	announced	that	she	
and	Suzanne	Baldwin,	and	I	am	working	                                                     will	step	down	effective	June	30,	2008,	
on	their	NSF-funded	Pyrenees	project.	                                                     after	having	led	The	College	as	dean	for	
My	main	job	is	to	use	as	many	low-tem-         henry T. Mullins	                           eight	years.	She	is	the	first	woman	to	hold	
perature	thermochronometers	as	possible	                                                   decanal	rank	in	The	College	and	will	be	
(e.g.	apatite	fission-track,	(U-Th)/He,	and	   I	continue	my	research	and	teaching	in	     the	first	incumbent	in	the	newly	created	
40Ar/39Ar)	to	track	along-	and	across-         the	area	of	the	near	geologic	record	of	    position	of	Professor	of	Interdisciplinary	
strike	variation	in	the	timing	and	degree	     climate	change.	Hank,	along	with	former	 Sciences.	
of	exhumation	in	the	Pyrenees.	I	was	able	     SU	professor	Bill	Patterson	University	of	
to	start	working	on	samples	Paul,	Su-          Saskatchewan)	and	climatologist	Adam	       As	dean	since	March	2001,	Newton	has	
zanne,	and	Ph.D.	student	Erika	Schwabe	        Burnett	at	Colgate	University,	have	a	      led	The	College	of	Arts	and	Sciences	
had	collected	in	previous	year.	This	data	     manuscript	soon	to	be	submitted	to	GE-      —Syracuse	University’s	largest	school	
is	turning	out	to	be	very	interesting,	and	    OLOGY	that	will	bring	a	“new	perspec-       and	the	heart	of	undergraduate	learning	
I’ll	be	presenting	the	preliminary	results	    tive”	from	western	Ireland	of	the	well	     —through	a	period	of	remarkable	trans-
at	the	December	American	Geophysical	          know	Younger	Dryas	climate	reversal.	       formation	to	its	strongest	position	in	its	
Union	meeting	in	San	Francisco.	This	          The	timing	of	this	paper	is	critical	in	    137-year	history.	Undergraduate	student	
June	I	spent	three	weeks	doing	field	work	     that	at	the	last	AGU	Meeting	scientists	    applications	have	increased	by	more	than	


                                                                                                                                           11
 a	factor	of	two	and	the	quality	of	under-       Cornell	University	and	the	University	           so	different	from	the	ages	of	most	SU	
 graduate	students	has	risen	markedly.	          of	Rochester,	and	awards	from	the	Ford	          students	today	--	she	was	already	an	hon-
 Her	leadership	has	resulted	in	increased	       Foundation	to	support	innovative	scholar-        ors	graduate	of	Duke	University,	headed	
 quality	and	excellence	throughout	The	          ship	and	civic	engagement	in	the	arts	and	       for	a	master’s	degree	from	the	University	
 College	and	increased	significance	and	         humanities.	                                     of	North	Carolina.	Later,	with	a	doctor-
 visibility	nationally,	all	of	which	has	al-                                                      ate	in	earth	sciences	from	the	University	
 lowed	the	entire	University	to	grow	and	        Throughout,	Newton’s	work	has	been	              of	California	at	Santa	Cruz,	she	came	
 build	on	its	strengths.	                        informed	by	a	deep	commitment	to	                to	Syracuse	as	a	young	professor	in	the	
                                                 thoroughly	collaborative	processes	and	          geology	department	--	in	which	she	later	
 “Cathy’s	strategic	investments	in	people	       respect	for	the	faculty	as	the	intellectual	     became	chair.	
 and	programs	have	made	not	only	The	            heart	of	The	College	and	the	University.	
 College,	but	Syracuse	University	itself,	                                                        In	her	25-year	career	with	SU,	Newton	
 a	stronger,	more	spirited	place,”	says	         When	asked	which	of	her	many	other	              has	earned	international	acclaim	as	a	
 Chancellor	and	President	Nancy	Cantor.	         accomplishments	have	been	most	gratify-          distinguished	paleontologist.	She	has	won	
 “Her	leadership	has	been	key	to	many	           ing,	Newton	cited	several	that	are	also	         awards	as	the	outstanding	advisor	in	The	
 of	our	most	critical	and	impactful	proj-        highly	visible	--	such	as	the	conversion	of	     College	and	as	the	outstanding	scholar/
 ects,	such	as	the	Life	Sciences	Complex,	       the	Tolley	Building	into	the	new	Hu-             teacher	in	the	University.	Many	of	the	
 Imagining	America	and	the	Central	New	          manities	Center,	the	tremendous	increase	        students	she	has	mentored	have	become	
 York	Humanities	Corridor,	and	we	are	           in	the	diversity	of	the	faculty	along	all	       successful	faculty	members	elsewhere.	
 indebted	to	her.”	                              lines,	including	intellectual	lines,	the	vast	
                                                 improvement	in	The	College’s	fundrais-           Newton	is	especially	admired	for	leading	
 “Cathy	has	been	a	strong	dean	of	Arts	          ing	and	development	infrastructure	and	          in	the	development	of	innovative	pro-
 &	Sciences,	with	a	deep	commitment	to	          results,	and	the	multi-year	process	of	          grams	that	benefit	students,	such	as	the	
 excellence	in	all	things,	whether	recruit-      accepting	administrative	responsibility	         Freshman	Forum	Program,	the	Coronat	
 ing	students,	evaluating	faculty,	building	     for	the	University-wide	Honors	Program,	         Scholars	Program	and	the	Women	in	Sci-
 new	programs	or	designing	buildings,”	          conducting	extensive	internal	and	exter-         ence	and	Engineering	(WISE)	program.	
 says	Vice	Chancellor	and	Provost	Eric	          nal	reviews,	raising	funds	for	its	renaming	
 F.	Spina.	“Our	future	advancement	as	a	         and	reinvention,	and	then	overseeing	the	   Most	recently,	Newton	has	served	as	
 University	will	build	on	her	strong	leader-     successful	transition	to	the	new	Renee	     the	deans’	representative	to	Chancel-
 ship	of	Arts	&	Sciences.”	                      Crown	University	Honors	Program.	           lor	Cantor’s	Cabinet	since	September	
                                                                                             2006.	She	has	also	been	a	member	of	the	
     “Leading	The	College	though	this	time	      In	each	case,	Newton	emphasized	the	        University’s	RCM	(Responsibility	Center	
     of	such	rapid	and	positive	evolution	has	   crucial	importance	of	the	contributions	of	 Management)	Budget	Committee	since	
     been	a	joy,”	says	Newton.	“I	remain	        many	others	with	whom	she	has	worked	       2005	and	was	a	member	of	the	Budget	
     strongly	committed	to	its	excellence	and	   collaboratively.	For	example,	in	writing	   Revision	Planning	Committee	that	led	
     look	forward	to	serving	it	in	new	ways.”	   the	proposal	that	led	to	the	Mellon	Foun- the	University-wide	transition	to	the	
                                                 dation	grant	establishing	the	Central	New	 RCM	budgeting	model.	Newton	has	also	
 One	of	Newton’s	most	lasting	legacies	          York	Humanities	Corridor,	she	worked	       served	on	a	wide	array	of	critical	Univer-
 will	be	the	new	$113	million,	210,000-          with	42	others	at	Cornell,	Rochester	and	   sity	search	committees	and	academic	and	
 square-foot	Life	Sciences	Complex,	             SU.	                                        policy	planning	committees.	
 which	will	enable	The	College	and	the	
 University	to	attract	world-class	research-     But,	Newton	emphasized,	much	of	what	            Currently,	Newton	also	serves	as	a	mem-
 ers,	foster	critical	interdisciplinary	scien-   she	has	found	most	gratifying	is	far	less	       ber	of	the	Imagining	America	National	
 tific	collaborations,	and	remain	competi-       visible.	She	led	the	successful	effort	to	       Advisory	Board	and	the	board	of	Syracuse	
 tive	nationally	and	internationally	in	the	     bring	Imagining	America	to	Syracuse,	es-         Stage.	
 important	fields	of	biology,	chemistry	and	     tablished	the	wonderful	working	relation-
 biochemistry.	The	complex	is	slated	to	         ship	the	University	now	has	with	the	Paul	       Newton	joined	SU	as	an	assistant	profes-
 open	in	fall	2008.	She	led	the	team-based	      Taylor	Dance	Company,	and	created	the	           sor	of	geology	in	1983.	She	was	promoted	
 fundraising	that	made	this	project	pos-         Humanities	Post-doctoral	Program	that	           to	associate	professor	in	1989	and	was	
 sible.	                                         has	brought	an	acclaimed	new	option,	on	         named	the	Jessie	Heroy	Page	Profes-
                                                 a	pilot	basis,	to	the	teaching	of	writing	       sor	of	Earth	Sciences	and	chair	of	the	
 Newton	also	led	successful	efforts	in	          within	the	disciplines.	                         department	in	1993.	In	July	2000,	she	was	
 recent	years	to	secure	a	number	of	high-                                                         appointed	interim	dean	of	The	College	of	
 profile	research	grants	for	The	College.	       The	daughter	of	an	oceanographer	and	            Arts	and	Sciences;	in	March	2001,	she	was	
 These	include	the	$1	million	Mellon	            a	teacher	of	literature,	Newton	grew	up	         named	dean	following	a	national	search.	
 Foundation	grant	to	create	the	Central	         in	an	environment	of	intellectual	excite-
 New	York	Humanities	Corridor	with	              ment	and	delight	in	ideas.	At	19	--	not	



12
In	1991,	Newton	received	the	University	
Scholar/Teacher	of	the	Year	Award,	which	
recognizes	individuals	who	demonstrate	
exceptional	teaching	and	a	record	of	
significant	contributions	to	the	scholarly	
life	of	the	University.	Newton	has	always	
been	in	high	demand	among	graduate	
students	as	a	faculty	advisor	and	was	
selected	by	The	College	of	Arts	and		
Sciences	as	Outstanding	Faculty	Advisor	
for	1999.	                                    Above, Photomicrograph of typical detrital
                                              monazites from alluvium in the French-
She	has	served	on	The	College	of	Arts	        Broad River, North Carolina. Note the wide
and	Sciences	Faculty	Council	and	Honors	      variation in size, color, and morphology of
Council,	on	the	planning	committee	for	       these crystals.
the	Freshman	Forum,	and	as	co-director	         Our goal is to use an ion microprobe to
of	the	University’s	WISE	program.	In	         determine their U-Th-Pb ages.
1992,	she	served	as	interim	associate	dean	
for	programs,	curriculum	and	instruction	
in	Arts	&	Sciences.	                          graphic	record	of	a	basin	should	be	the	
                                              inverted	or	‘mirror	image’	of	the	moun-
Following	her	departure	as	dean,	Newton	 tain	belt	that	eroded,	right?	Sadly	no.	It	
will	take	a	yearlong	sabbatical	to	focus	     turns	out	that	if	one	wants	to	understand	
on	the	completion	of	her	longstanding	        the	Taconic	Orogen	the	last	thing	to	do	
research	project	on	shipwrecks,	before	       is	examine	mid-Ordovician	sedimentary	
returning	to	the	faculty	at	The	College,	     rocks	for	their	detrital	zircons.	Want	to	    This false-colored image shows the thorium
where	she	will	pursue	high-impact	inter-      understand	what	went	on	during	the	           distribution in a detrital monazite crystal.
disciplinary	work.	                           Acadian	Orogeny?	Skip	the	Devonian	           Growth zones are clearly depicted as different
                                              sandstones.	Ah,	but	how	about	the	grand-      sectors within the crystal. Using these
Spina	has	indicated	that	he	will	convene	     daddy	of	them	all,	the	Alleghanian	Orog-      “element maps’ helps identify possible por-
a	national	search	for	Newton’s	successor	     eny!	Surely	the	last	continental	collision	   tions of the crystal that might be different ages.
immediately.	                                 to	have	affected	the	east	coast	of	ancient	
                                              North	America	would	provide	a	wealth	of	
Reprinted from SU News Services article by    information	from	Pennsylvanian-Permian	
Kevin C. Quinn.                               sandstones?	Nope.	If	we	didn’t	know	lots	
                                              about	the	Alleghanian	Orogeny	already	         These	above	results,	which	we	have	
                                              we	would	not	only	miss	the	details	but	        substantiated	from	a	variety	of	different	
                                              we	wouldn’t	even	know	it	had	occurred	         sandstone	types	and	from	a	wide	variety	
Scott D. Samson                               based	on	the	sedimentary	detrital	zircon	      of	locations,	placed	some	serious	doubt	
                                              record!	Why?	Well	we	aren’t	completely	        on	the	utility	of	using	detrital	zircon	ages	
Although	much	of	the	time	it	seems	im-        sure,	but	what	we	do	know	is	that	the	         to	decipher	anything	about	the	history	
possible	to	get	to	do	any	research	done	as	 Grenville	Orogeny	was	one	of	the	most	           of	ancient	mountain	belts.	This	was	of	
the	Chair	of	a	department,	sometimes	the	 productive	orogenies	ever	in	terms	of	the	         considerable	concern	as	more	and	more	
impossible	does	occur!	Thus	I	have	man-       amount	of	zircon	produced	in	granitic	         geologists	are	using	detrital	zircon	to	try	
aged	to	get	some	really	exciting	research	    rocks.	Thus	the	sedimentary	record,	be	        to	establish	provenance.	What	to	do?	
projects	started,	and	guided,	during	my	      it	Taconic	or	Acadian	or	Alleghanian,	is	      After	much	thought,	and	a	rare	epiphany,	
tenure	as	Chair.	This,	of	course,	is	mostly	 dominated	by	detrital	zircons	of	Grenville	     I	came	up	with	the	idea	that	we	might	
thanks	to	my	really	superb	graduate	          age.	Even	modern	sediment	collected	           learn	about	the	deformation/metamorphic	
students.	Here	is	a	brief	introduction	to	    from	rivers	draining	the	East	coast	are	       history	of	a	region	not	by	dating	the	main	
what	I	was	doing	in	terms	of	research	        dominated	by	Grenville	detrital	zircons!	      portion	of	a	detrital	zircon	crystal,	but	by	
while	Chair,	and	where	we	are	now	going	 The	Grenville	Orogeny	therefore	appears	            determining	the	age	of	secondary	rims	
to	take	this	research.                        to	have	been	an	event	that	produced	a	         grown	on	the	zircon	during	a	metamor-
                                              numerous	granitoids	with	vast	amounts		        phic	event	–	not	an	easy	task,	but	worth	
One	of	my	long	term	goals	was	to	use	         of	zircon	–	we	have	coined	the	phrase		        pursuing.	An	even	better	idea	is	to	date	
the	record	of	the	ages	of	detrital	zircon	to	 extreme	“zircon	fertility”	to	describe	        a	different	mineral	that	commonly	forms	
unravel	the	history	of	orogenic	belts.	After	 what	happened	during	the	Grenville	            during	metamorphic	events	–	and	thus	
all	it	seems	only	sensible	that	the	strati-   tectonic	events.	                              we	launched	our	project	to	determine	



                                                                                                                                                 13
                                               is	loaded	with	monazite	(and	zircon,	no	          So	please	keep	your	fingers	crossed	and	
                                               surprise)!	And	what	we	have	found	so	far	 stay	tuned	–	a	brand	new	avenue	of	sedi-
                                               is	that	the	vast	majority	of	zircons	do	have	 mentary	provenance/metamorphic	history	
                                               Grenville	ages,	but……the	monazite	                may	become	available	to	all	sorts	of	geo-
                                               crystals,	despite	huge	variations	in	size,	       logical	studies	in	the	very	near	future!	
                                               color,	and	morphology	(see	photograph)	
                                               all	have	yielded	Taconic	ages,	around	            Oh,	and	about	those	projects	involving	
                                               470-460	Ma!!	Even	more	intriguing	is	             sledge	hammers	and	granites…	
                                               that	we	have	found	rims	on	some	zircons           next	newsletter!
                                               that	seem	suspiciously	different	than	the	
                                               cores	of	the	zircon	grains.	And	as	good	
                                               fortune	would	have	it	a	few	of	these	
                                               thicker	rims	turned	out	to	be	Taconic	in	          christopher a. Scholz
                                               age	–	thanks	to	being	able	to	date	them	
                                               using	the	amazing	ion	microprobe	at	              Over	the	past	year	we	have	seen	the	first	
                                               UCLA.	Our	next	quest	is	to	take	other	            results	emerge	from	two	major	NSF-
                                               detrital	zircons	that	we	know	have	Gren-          funded	projects	involving	scientific	drill-
 Above, A cathodoluminescence (CL)             ville	cores	and	determine	the	ages	of	their	 ing	on	Lakes	Malawi	(East	Africa)	and	
 image of a detrital zircon from alluvium in   rims	–	the	problem	here	is	that	the	rims	         Bosumtwi	(West	Africa).	One	paper	pub-
 a tributary to the French Broad River, N.C.   are	only	a	few	microns	thick.	Typical	ion	        lished	in	a	September	2007	edition	of	the	
 The main portion of this crystal is Grenville microprobe	dates	require	areas	at	least	          Proceedings	of	the	National	Academy	of	
 in age (~ 1 billion years old), but note the  10	or	more	microns	wide.	But	there	is	a	          Sciences	reports	that	about	70,000	years	
 thin rim around the edge of the crystal. This
                                               very	clever	new	way	of	getting	around	            ago	tropical	Africa	transitioned	from	a	pe-
 rim might be a much younger metamorphic
                                               that	–	by	analyzing	the	outer	“skin”	of	the	 riod	of	extreme	climate	variability,	that	in-
 rim. By ‘tunneling’ through the outer surface
 of the crystal we can determine the age of    grains	by	tunneling	into	the	outer	portion	 cluded	several	megadroughts,	to	a	stable,	
 the rim.                                      of	the	grain	using	the	ion	beam.	This	            wetter	climate	may	have	stimulated	the	
                                               astonishing	technique	will	allow	us	to	           expansion	and	migration	of	early	human	
                                               analyze	rims	that	are	only	a	few	microns	         populations.	From	the	studies	of	the	lake	
 the	U-Th-Pb	ages	of	detrital	monazite	        thick	–	thus	rims	that	would	be	far	too	          drill	cores	we	observed	that	during	the	
 crystals	preserved	in	the	sedimentary	        thin	to	analyze	by	conventional	cross-sec- most	severe	episodes,	the	lake	was	below	
 record.	Since	monazite	can	from	under	        tion	ion	microprobe	techniques	are	now	           15	percent	of	its	current	level—only	100	
 much	lower	temperature	and	pressure	          viable	candidates	for	U-Pb	dating	(see	           meters	rather	than	700	meters	deep	(more	
 regimes	than	metamorphic	zircon	it	might	 photograph).	This	might	well	be	a	brand	              than	a	95	percent	water	volume	reduc-
 hold	a	better	key	to	the	orogenic	history	    new	breakthrough	in	the	analysis	of	U-Pb	 tion).	Before	about	70,000	years	ago,	the	
 of	a	region	(see	photographs).	If	we	can	     dating	of	detrital	zircon	for	tectonic	stud-      climate	was	highly	variable,	African	lakes	
 combine	monazite	ages	with	the	ages	of	       ies.	So	I	will	go	back	to	UCLA	in	October	 dried	up	completely	and	then	refilled,	
 metamorphic	zircon	rims	(where	pres-          with	my	graduate	students	Jack	Hietpas	           and	plant	and	animal	populations	grew	
 ent)	we	should	learn	considerably	more	       and	Bryan	Sell	to	test	this	intriguing	idea.	 and	died	out.	In	particular	these	new	
 about	past	tectonic	events	compared	to	
 the	traditional	method	of	analyzing	the	
                                               The dynamically-positioned drilling barge Viphya, departing port. Lake Malawi is one of the world’s
 main,	or	central,	portion	of	a	zircon.	Thus	 largest and deepest lakes, and along with Lake Tanganyika contains more than 0% of the surface
 this	summer	we	set	out	to	determine	the	      freshwater on the African continent. New drill core evidence shows that the 00 m-deep lake was
 age	of	detrital	monazite	and	zircon	rims	     reduced by more than 00 m prior to ,000 years ago, indicating periods of severe aridity.
 from	alluvium	from	modern	rivers	drain-
 ing	parts	of	the	southern	Appalachians	
 –	an	area	known	to	contained	significant	
 amounts	of	exposed	crustal	rocks	that	
 experience	serious	Taconic	deformation/
 metamorphism.	Our	adventure	involved	
 collecting	alluvium	from	the	French	
 Broad	River	in	North	Carolina,	as	well	as	
 alluvium	from	its	small	tributaries	which	
 are	known	to	drain	only	regions	of	Tacon-
 ic-age	metamorphic	rocks.	With	sophisti-
 cated	tools	(i.e.	a	colander	and	bucket	we	
 bought	at	K-Mart!)	we	collected	alluvium	
 at	a	dozen	sites.	Amazingly,	the	alluvium	



14
The day-shift wraps up at the end of the drilling program.                 Field studies in the Kenya Rift




results	challenge	the	long-held	thesis	of	        Donald I. Siegel	                           book,	“From	Lokshen	to	Lo	Mein:	the	
“glacial	aridity”	that	has	prevailed	for	                                                     Jewish	Love	Affair	with	Chinese	Food”	
the	continental	tropics.	Previously	it	was	       Don	Siegel’s	research	group	has	been	       was	a	finalist	at	the	2007	Gourmand	
thought	that	the	migrations	and	popula-           active	this	past	year,	both	doing	current	  Cookbook	Awards).	Don	and	company	
tion	changes	of	early	modern	humans	              work	and	planning	for	new	projects.	        also	reunited	with	his	former	student,	
were	driven	by	the	growth	and	collapse	of	        Don,	Bette,	and	Li	Jin,	one	of	his	PhD	     Yipeng	Shen	(MS,	19**),	the	CEO	and	
high-latitude	ice	sheets,	but	our	research	       students,	traveled	to	China	during	fall	    owner	of	GNT	International	Inc.,	an	
suggests	that	instead,	prior	to	70,000	years	     semester.	Don	gave	an	invited	talk	at	      international	geologic	software	com-
ago,	wet-dry	cycles	in	Africa	were	driven	        ceremonies	honoring	the	founding	of	a		     pany.	Yiping	took	them	to	the	famous	
by	shifts	in	the	Earth’s	orbit	around	the	        Groundwater	Institute	at	Hohai	Universi- Quanjude	Roast	Duck	Restaurant,	
sun.	Further	work	on	this	topic	by	Ph.D.	         ty	and	then	followed	with	a	seminar	at	the	 where	Don’s	former	and	current	Chinese	
student	Bob	Lyons	will	be	published	over	         Department	of	Geology	and	Geophysics	       students	toasted	him	(picture--Li	in	green	
the	coming	year.                                  at	Nanjing	University.	After	that,	Don	     and	Yiping	in	red).	
                                                  and	Li	visited	the	Department	of	Biology	
Other	new	and	exciting	projects	begun	            where	Don,	with	Li	translating,	fielded	    Li	followed	this	trip	with	field	work	in	
this	year	include	a	program	funded	by	            questions	from	the	graduate	students	and	 Red	Canyon	Creek	(Wyoming).	She	orga-
Tullow	Oil	for	Jess	Mantaro’s	M.S.	project	       faculty	across	an	assortment	of	hydrologic	 nized	and	ran	the	largest	dye	tracing	tests	
on	the	chemostratigraphic	analysis	of	            and	ecological	problems.	Don	and	Li	        ever	done	to	characterize	watershed-scale	
exploration	well	cuttings	from	Lake	              then	were	taken	to	Tai	Lake,	Shanghai’s	    water	exchange	rates	and	travel	times.	
Albert,	Uganda.	This	study	may	lead	to	           water	supply,	where	he	and	she	looked	at	 Don’s	former	PhD	student,	Martin	Otz,	
a	better	understanding	of	the	long-term	          instrumentation	in	the	watershed.	          founder	and	CEO	of	NannoTrace	Tech-
(4-7	million-year)	aridification	of	Africa	                                                   nologies	(Switzerland)	and	in	association	
that	led	to	the	emergence	of	the	earliest	        Tai	Lake	is	heavily	polluted	and	Don	       with	ERM	Corporation	collaborated	with	
hominids.	New	M.S.	student	Robert	Go-             will	be	preparing	a	multi-national	and	     this	research.	
bell	is	working	off	a	new	grant	provided	         multi-university	proposal	to	try	and	
by	the	Skaneateles	Lake	Eurasian	Milfoil	         determine	how	best	to	characterize	the	
Eradication	Corporation,	and	is	assess-           contamination	and	remediate	the	water-
ing	the	benthic	bottom	habitats	of	the	           quality	problems.	This	summer,	Jamie	
littoral	zone	of	this	most	pristine	of	the	       Ong,	a	SUNY-ESF/Maxwell	MS	student,	
New	York	Finger	Lakes.	In	addition	to	            sampled	the	lake	and	its	watershed	for	
supervising	these	projects,	this	past	June	       Don	to	form	the	preliminary	data	base	for	
I	once	again	led	a	rift-systems	field	school	     the	future	proposal.	
in	the	Kenya	Rift	Valley	for	Petrobras,	the	
Brazilian	National	Oil	Company.                   Li	and	Chinese	hosts	brought	Don	and	
                                                  Bette	to	some	of	the	finest	restaurants	
                                                  in	Nanjing	where	Don	expanded	on	his	
                                                  Chinese	culinary	interest	(His	cookbook	

To the right, Li Jin (right and Yiping Shen toast their advisor, Don Siegel, who was almost
under the table after too many “gambe!”s
                                                                                                                                         1
 Nate	Krane	(MS)	completed	his	master’s	
 degree	this	year	under	Don’s	supervision.	
 His	work	on	using	temperature	to	charac-
 terize	water	exchange	between	streams	
 and	groundwater	will	be	shortly	submit-
 ted	with	Don	and	Laura	Lautz,	another	of	
 Don’s	doctoral	students	who	now	teaches	
 hydrology	at	SUNY-ESF	across	from	the	
 Dome.	

 Mimi	Sarkar	(PhD	student)	and	Don	
 visited	the	Glacial	Lake	Agassiz	peat-
 lands	(Northern	Minnesota)	where	Don,	
 colleagues	from	four	other	institutions	
 (including	his	former	student	Andrew	
 Reeve,	now	teaching	at	Univ.	Maine),	
 and	the	U.S.	Geological	Survey	recently	
 won	a	multimillion	dollar	NSF	grant	to	
                                               Mimi (white hat) and Jeff Chanton (Florida State) rush off a helicopter before the struts bury
 investigate	how	the	regional	hydrogeol-
                                               too deeply in Glacial Lake Agassiz peat.
 ogy	affects	methane	formation.	Mimi	or-
 ganized	and	led	the	sampling	program	for	
 ground	waters	and	peat	pore	waters	under	
 difficult	conditions—the	landscapes	were	 Finally,	of	Don’s	students,	Nick	Az-                Laura e. Webb
 only	accessible	by	helicopter.	This	field	    zolina	(MS)	graduated	and	now	works	
 trip	proved	particularly	exciting	to	Mimi	    for	ERTEC,	a	consulting	firm.	Nick’s	            I	was	funded	by	the	National	Science	
 and	Don	when	the	helicopter’s	rotors	hit	     expertise	in	fingerprinting	organic	             Foundation	(NSF)	Tectonics	program	
 a	tree.	                                      contaminants	associated	with	coal	tar	is	        to	pursue	a	project	entitled	“Collabora-
                                               fast	earning	him	a	National	reputation,	         tive	Research:	Strike-Slip	History	of	the	
 Don’s	new	student,	Jessie	Meeks	(MS)	         even	after	only	a	short	time	away	from	his	 East	Gobi	Fault	Zone,	Mongolia:	Modes	
 started	her	research	in	tracing	water	in	     degree,	which	dealt	with	the	capacity	of	        of	Intraplate	Deformation,	Sedimentary	
 the	Popo	Agie	River	(WY),	even	before	        Catskill	mountain	streams	to	buffer	acid	        Basin	Evolution,	and	Regional	Fault	
 she	arrived	for	her	first	graduate	classes.	  rain	and	whether	wetland	classifications	        Linkages”.	We	are	now	into	year	two	of	
 The	river	disappears	into	a	sink	hole	in	     in	the	Catskills	are	meaningful.	He	and	         this	three-year	collaborative	project	with	
 the	Madison	limestone	only	to	resurface	      Don	will	shortly	have	two	papers	on	his	         colleagues	from	University	of	Utah	and	
 as	springs	1000	feet	away—but	with	as	        MS	work	published.	                              the	Mongolian	University	of	Science	and	
 much	as	twice	the	volume	of	water	as	                                                          Technology.	This	is	a	multidisciplinary	
 when	it	entered	the	ground.	Jessie’s	tracer	 Don	continues	to	provide	service	for	the	         effort	employing	tools	of	structural	geol-
 test,	done	in	conjunction	with	the	Univer- Geological	Society	of	America	and	the	              ogy,	thermochronology,	and	sedimentary	
 sity	of	Missouri	Branson	Geology	Field	       National	Academy	of	Science.	He	recent- basin	analysis	to	evaluate	the	timing	and	
 Camp	(Prof.	Linda	Ivany	and	Don	Siegel	 ly	accepted	a	position	as	co-editor	of	GSA	 kinematics	of	intraplate	deformation	and	
 teach	there),	showed	it	took	a	whop-          books	and	was	appointed	this	fall	as	a	          basin	formation	in	southeastern	Mongolia.	
 ping	4	hours	for	the	water	to	traverse	this	 member	of	the	National	Research	Coun-             The	results	of	this	research	are	relevant	to	
 short	distance!	Don	and	Jessie	entered	       cil’s	Water Science and Technology Board.	       testing	endmember	models	of	continental	
 a	recently	discovered	opening	of	the	         He	also	was	appointed	to	an	NRC	panel	           block	extrusion	and	continuum	shorten-
 cave,	only	accessible	during	drought,	and	 to	advise	the	USGS	how	to	reorganize	               ing	during	Asia’s	history	of	collisions	
 crawled	1/3	mile	to	see	part	of	the	river	    their	Water	Resources	Science	Division	          from	Mesozoic–Recent.	Josh	Taylor,	who	
 underground,	and	the	edge	of,	literally,		    to	better	meet	the	environmental	chal-           recently	finished	his	Master’s	thesis	with	
 an	underground	reservoir	of	indeter-          lenges	facing	the	country	in	the	future.	        Paul	Fitzgerald,	is	working	on	this	project	
 minate	size.	Jessie	also	was	asked	by	a	      His	current	NSF	grant	profile	includes	          for	his	PhD.	SU	alumnus	Matt	Heumann	
 cowboy	if	she	wanted	to	round	up	cattle	      his	peatland	and	river	science	research	as	 is	also	working	on	this	project	for	his	PhD	
 in	the	high	country.	She	agreed	(Don	had	 well	as	an	educational	grant	to	bring	earth	 at	the	University	of	Utah.	NSF’s	East	
 to	allow	her	this	opportunity!),	rode	for	14	 science	to	the	elementary	schools.	              Asia	and	Pacific	Group	of	the	Office	of	
 hours,	and	discovered	muscles	she	never	                                                       International	Science	and	Engineering	
 knew	she	had.                                                                                  is	supporting	a	Research	Experiences	for	
                                                                                                Undergraduates	supplement	to	the	grant.	
                                                                                                Ian	Semple	has	stepped	up	to	the	plate	to	
                                                                                                undertake	work	on	this	project	as	a	Senior	



1
                                                                                                   is	a	collaborative,	five-year	project	with	
                                                                                                   investigators	from	four	other	US	institu-
                                                                                                   tions.	I	will	have	the	pleasure	of	visiting	
                                                                                                   the	region	for	the	first	time	in	January	
                                                                                                   2008.	This	project	truly	has	the	potential	
                                                                                                   to	shake	up	the	Geoscience	community,	
                                                                                                   challenging	the	way	we	think	about	tim-
                                                                                                   escales	of	tectonic	processes.	We	look	for-
                                                                                                   ward	to	sharing	more	as	the	project	gets	
                                                                                                   underway.	Overall,	it	is	truly	an	exciting	
                                                                                                   time	to	be	a	member	of	this	department.	
                                                                                                   We	have	lots	of	great	science,	education,	
                                                                                                   and	fellowship	to	look	forward	to	over	the	
                                                                                                   coming	years.




Matt Heumann, Ian Semple, and Josh Taylor pray for a cloud during a break from field work
                                                                                                   constanze e.
while visiting an “obo” above a Buddhist Monastery at Ulgay Khid in the southeast Gobi.
                                                                                                   Weyhenmeyer	
                                                                                                   It	has	been	a	long	time	since	my	last	up-
   Thesis.	I	am	thrilled	to	have	Josh,	Matt	          just	had	heatstroke.	However,	it	appears	    date	from	the	Stable	Isotope	Laboratory	
   and	Ian	on	board.                                  that	a	paleoseismic	event	in	a	Quaternary	   but	it	seems	like	just	yesterday!
                                                      fault	zone	caused	a	snake	den	and	tunnel	
   In	both	2006	and	2007	we	spent	about	              system	to	collapse	causing	the	catastroph-   After	a	long	instrument	calibration	period	
   five	weeks	in	Mongolia	dedicated	to	               ic	death	of	more	than	70	vipers.	These	      we	have	been	making	great	progress	in	
   field	work	in	the	remote	southeast	Gobi.	          “mummified”	snakes	may	just	help	us	         the	lab,	now	analyzing	‘real’	samples.	Al-
   If	you	like	eating	mutton	and	toiling	in	          put	some	additional	constraints	on	the	      lison	Burnett	(M.Sc	student)	and	Sou-
   110°	F	heat	everyday,	this	is	the	place	           timing	of	faulting.                          mitri	Sarkar	(Ph.D.	student)	have	spent	
   for	you!	Overall,	both	field	seasons	were	                                                      long	(seemingly	endless?!)	hours	in	the	
   very	successful	and	we	were	also	able	to	          I	continue	to	be	active	in	the	Syracuse	     laboratory	working	on	the	extraction	and	
   make	connections	with	several	mining	              University	Noble	Gas	Isotopic	Research	      analyses	of	organic	compounds	and	water	
   companies	operating	and	exploring	in	the	          Laboratory	and	work	closely	with	Profes-     samples.	Thanks	to	their	great	efforts,	we	
   region.	One	of	our	2007	highlights	was	a	          sors	Suzanne	Baldwin	and	Paul	Fitzger-       are	now	able	to	measure	isotopic	ratios	of	
   viewing	of	“snakes	on	a	plane”	–	snakes	           ald.	We	are	excited	to	report	that	we	       carbon,	oxygen,	hydrogen	and	nitrogen	
   on	a	fault	plane,	that	is!	When	Josh	an-           have	a	new	NSF	Continental	Dynamics	         compounds	in	water,	air	and	soil	samples	
   nounced	his	discovery	we	thought	he	               project	funded	in	Papua	New	Guinea.	It	      with	great	precision.	In	the	next	phase	
                                                                                                   we	will	set	up	an	automated	system	to	
                                                                                                   measure	isotopic	compositions	of	calcite,	
Khishigee, Manchuk, Josh, Matt, and Ian enjoy a seat in the Suihent petrified forest in the        aragonite	and	magnesite	samples.	
southeast Gobi where trees were encased in a Late Jurassic pyroclastic surge.
                                                                                                   For	her	Master’s	Thesis	Allison	has	cre-
                                                                                                   ated	an	exciting	dataset	from	a	sediment	
                                                                                                   core	from	Lake	Tanganyika,	Great	Rift	
                                                                                                   Valley,	that	was	drilled	by	Chris	Scholz	
                                                                                                   and	collaborators.	The	new	isotope	record	
                                                                                                   sheds	new	light	into	the	climate	history	
                                                                                                   of	East	Africa,	a	region	for	which	very	
                                                                                                   few	climate	records	exist.	Allison	has	now	
                                                                                                   moved	on	to	do	her	Ph.D.	with	Larry	
                                                                                                   Edwards	at	the	University	of	Minnesota.

                                                                                                   In	addition	to	the	laboratory	work,	I	have	
                                                                                                   been	involved	in	various	collaborative	
                                                                                                   research	projects.	Most	of	my	time	was	
                                                                                                   spent	working	with	the	so-called	IntCal	



                                                                                                                                                 1
 Working	Group	(IWG).	IntCal	stands	                                       	
                                                 results	from	the	lab	and	field	in	our	next	
 for	International	Calibration	and	the	          newsletter.	
 working	group	consists	of	20	scientists	
 from	various	disciplines.	The	goal	is	to	
 construct	a	detailed	calibration	curve	that	
 allows	a	conversion	of	radiocarbon	(14C)	       Bruce Wilkinson
 dates	into	‘true’	ages.	This	correction	is	
 necessary	because	the	concentration	of	         My	name	is	Bruce	Wilkinson,	and	I	am	
 atmospheric	14C	has	varied	considerably	        semi-newly	arrived	in	the	Department	
 through	time.	Any	study	that	involves	ra-       of	Earth	Sciences.	I	am	recently	retired	
 diocarbon	dating	(archeology,	sedimentol-       from	a	3-plus	decade	academic	stint	in	
 ogy,	paleoclimatology	ect.)	will	utilize	the	   the	Department	of	Geological	Sciences	at	
 latest	calibration	curve	(IntCal04)	to	date	    the	University	of	Michigan	in	Ann	Arbor,	
 the	samples	and	develop	a	reliable	age	         and	now	hold	the	titular	appointment	of	
 chronology.	So,	if	you	would	like	to	know	      “Research	Professor	of	Earth	Sciences”	
 the	age	of	your	antique	piece	of	furniture	     at	SU.	I	live	with	Professor	Linda	Ivany	
 you	will	need	our	calibration	curve	to	         on	a	small	farm	in	Erieville	amongst	
 determine	its	‘real’	age!                       an	assortment	of	horses,	cats,	ducks,	
                                                 pigeons,	geese,	and	chickens.	I	hope	to	
 One	of	my	other	research	projects	              spend	many	productive	years	with	the	
 involves	a	paleoclimatic	investigation	of	       	
                                                 fine	people	here	in	Department	of	Earth	       It’s a wonderful life on the farm!
 the	Amazon	Basin	which	is	carried	out	          Sciences.
 in	collaboration	with	scientists	from	the	
 University	College	in	London,	UK.	The	          My	past	academic	activities	have	all	          ciated	when	examining	the	two	maps	of	
 goal	is	to	reconstruct	variations	in	the	       dealt	with	various	aspects	of	sedimentary	     natural	(primarily	glaciers	and	rivers)	and	
 South	American	Summer	Monsoon	over	             geology;	some	efforts	have	been	more	          agricultural	denudation	across	the	lower	
 the	past	22,000	years	based	on	isotope	                           	
                                                 stratigraphic	in	flavor;	some	more	petro-      United	States.	Although	erosion	from	ei-
 analyses	in	sediment	cores.	Additional	         logic.	Recently,	I	have	gotten	interested	     ther	process	operated	across	areas	that	are	
 collaborative	projects	include	ground-          in	the	impact	of	human	beings	on	rates	        almost	mutually	exclusive	(natural	erosion	
 water	studies	in	Oman	and	Israel	as	well	       of	continental	erosion	and	sedimenta-          across	uplands;	soil	loss	across	lowlands),	
 research	on	speleothems	(yes,	stalagmites	      tion.	In	a	nut	shell,	mountain	uplift	and	     the	net	impact	of	human	activities	ex-
 and	stalactites)	from	Saudi	Arabia,	Yemen	      erosion	have	been	the	most	important	of	       ceeds	that	of	all	natural	processes	by	more	
 and	Oman.	Analyses	of	speleothem	car-           all	geomorphic	processes	in	shaping	the	       than	an	order	of	magnitude.	
 bonates	allow	a	reconstruction	of	the	past	     surface	of	our	Earth	over	most	of	geologic	
 climate	history	over	thousands	of	years	at	     time,	but	their	dominance	was	exceeded	        Anyway,	Chairmans	Samson,	Karson,	and	
 high	resolution.	The	Arabian	Peninsula	is	      roughly	one	thousand	years	ago	by	the	         the	entire	faculty	and	staff	have	made	me	
 a	very	exciting	area	to	work	in	because	of	     rock-	and	soil-moving	activities	of	hu-        feel	more	than	welcome	in	this	outstand-
 the	scarcity	of	existing	paleoclimate	data	     mans.	Through	agricultural	activity	alone,	    ing	department,	and	I	am	now	well-
 –	it	is	like	detective	work	without	any	        humans	have	displaced	enough	soil	to	                                     	
                                                                                                settled	into	my	comfy	office	in	222	Heroy,	
 prior	clues!                                    cover	the	state	of	Rhode	Island	to	a	depth	    across	the	hall	from	Jim	Brower.	If	you	
                                                 of	almost	3	kilometers,	or	the	entire	Earth	   are	ever	in	this	part	of	Syracuse,	and	have	
 I	am	sure	the	next	months/years	will	be	        landscape	to	a	depth	of	about	6	centi-         some	time	to	kill,	stop	by	and	say	hello.	
 as	busy	as	the	past	and	I	look	forward	                             	
                                                 meters.	The	significance	of	humans	as	
 to	reporting	on	new,	hopefully	exiting	         geologic	agents	of	change	is	easily	appre-




 DEPARTMENT	AWARDS
 Graduate	assistant Jessica (Chappell) Mantaro	has	been	named	the	recipient	of	the	Kerry	Kelts	award	from	the	Limnogeology	
 Division	of	the	Geological	Society	of	America.	She	will	be	presented	with	this	award	at	the	GSA	Annual	meeting	on	Monday,	
 October	29,	2007.	

 The	department	is	also	proud	to	announce	that	graduate	assistant	Stephanie Perry	was	awarded	a	research	grant	from	the	
 Geological	Society	of	America	for	her	proposal,	“Low-temperature	thermochronologic	evolution	of	Denali,	Central	Alaska	
 Range	Based	on	(U-Th)/He	Analysis	of	Apatite.”


1
                                                                                 n
                                                                   Happ enings i

                                                                     HERO Y
                                                                                 Love is in the Air
                                                                                                                                   	
                                                                                                         The	sun	was	out	for	the	first	
                                                                                                         couple	down	the	aisle.	Gradu-
                                                                                                         ate	student	Jessica	Chappell	
                                                                                                         and	Noah	Mantaro,	who	is	
How I Spent My Summer Vacation                                                                           wrapping	up	his	BS	degree	in	
                                                                                                          structural	geology	at	SUNY	
I	spent	my	summer	studying	the	effects	of	deforestation	on	                                               Oswego	working	with	David	
snails	in	Lake	Tanganyika,	Tanzania	as	a	participant	of	the	                                               Valentino	(his	last	semester	
Nyanza	Project.	The	Nyanza	Project	is	a	research	training	                                                 is	Fall	07)	exchanged	vows	
program	for	undergraduate	and	graduate	geology	and	biology	                                                on	May	26,	2007	in	Oswego,	
students	that	provide	an	opportunity	for	students	to	learn	                                                 New	York.
                                through	active	research	on	the	
                                lake.	I	was	also	was	attacked	
                                 by	a	baboon	–	no	photos	of	
                                                                                     OAH MANTARO
                                 that	event	are	available.	             JESSICA AND N


                                                                         August	18,	2007	was	another	
                                                                         perfect	day	in	central	New	
                                                                         York	for	a	wedding.	Gradu-
                                                                         ate	students	Heather	Baugh	
                                                                         and	Patrick	Wall,	who,	of	
                                  Caitlin mugging for the camera
                                  on Lake Tanganyika.                    course	met	when	they	joined	
                                                                         the	department	as	graduate	
                                                                         students	in	Linda	Ivany’s	re-
                                                                         search	group,	tied	the	knot	
                                                                         in	a	ceremony	performed	in	
                                                                         Hendricks	Chapel	on	August	
 I	am	now	in	my	5th	year	as	a	member	of	the	Earth	Sciences	              18,	2007.                     HEATHER AND
                                                                                                                   PATRICK WALL
                                         	
 Department	here	at	Syracuse.	Having	finished	my	Masters	in	
 2006,	I	am	currently	in	the	second	year	of	my	Ph.D.	For	my	
 Ph.D.,	under	the	supervision	of	Dr.	Laura	Webb	and	Dr.	Paul	
 Fitzgerald	and	collaborating	with	Dr.	Cari	Johnson	and	Ph.D.	
 student	Matt	Heumann	(SU’02,	’04)	from	the	University	of	
 Utah,	I	am	using	structural	geology	and	thermochronology	to	
 better	characterize	the	deformation	history	of	the	East	Gobi	
 Fault	Zone	in	southeastern	Monoglia.
 		This	year	at	graduation	I	had	the	honor	of	receiving	a	new	
 award	given	in	memory	of	Dr.	K.	Douglas	Nelson.	Rather	than	
 a	formal,	stuffy	plaque,	I	received	Doug’s	old	coffee	mug.	Being	
 that	this	mug	traveled	with	Doug	all	over	the	World,	it	came	
                      	
 with	me	during	my	field	studies	this	year	in	the	Gobi	and	can	
 be	seen	in	the	photo	to	the	right.	I	will	be	sure	to	continue	to	
 put	it	to	go	use	until	I	pass	it	on	to	the	next	awardee.                               Nelson
                                                                         Dr. K. Douglas

                                                     Joshua Taylor                               Josh Taylor                       1
                                                                                                                             Left: Linda Ivany admires


 FIELD CAMP IN THE
                                                                                                                             rippled surfaces in the Late Cre-
                                                                                                                             taceous Mesa Verde Formation
                                                                                                                             near Hudson, WY. Students do

 WIND RIVER MOUNTAINS
                                                                                                                             projects on sedimentary struc-
                                                                                                                             tures and facies analysis in this
                                                                                                                             unit. Photo by Bob Bauer.

 As	most	of	our	alums	will	remember,	a	summer	field	course	is	
 generally	required	of	all	undergraduates	completing	a	B.S.	in	
 Earth	Sciences	at	Syracuse.	SU	does	not	run	its	own	field	camp,	
 so	students	have	to	sign	on	to	one	of	the	many	programs	avail-           Right: Students standing at the
 able	through	other	schools.	This	can	be	a	little	confusing	be-           unconformity between Precambrian
 cause	there	have	been	no	guidelines	for	where	people	should	go.	         granite and the Cambrian Flathead
                                                                          Sandstone in Wind River Canyon, Owl
                                                                          Creek Mountains. Recent SU grads Mi-
 We	hope	that	this	will	now	be	a	much	easier	decision	for		               chael Tedeschi and Cristina Story are
 students.	For	the	past	several	years,	Linda	Ivany	and	Don		              at left. Photo by Angie Van Boening.
 Siegel	have	both	been	on	the	teaching	staff	of	the	University	
 of	Missouri’s	Branson	Field	Station,	in	the	Wind	River	Mountains	
 near	Lander,	WY.	Field	camp	director	Robert	Bauer	brings	in		
 colleagues	from	various	disciplines	to	teach	1-2	week	segments	
 of	the	course	that	focus	on	their	discipline	--	Linda	teaches		
 stratigraphy	and	paleontology,	and	Don	teaches	hydrogeology.		
 The	camp	runs	for	6	weeks	and	is	based	in	Sinks	Canyon,	on	an	                                                              Left: Red Canyon, south of
                                                                                                                             Lander on the flanks of the
 island	in	the	middle	of	the	Popo	Agie	River,	a	glacial	meltwater	                                                           Wind River Mountains, where
 stream	draining	the	Wind	River	high	peaks.	Students	work	in		                                                               students do a project in hydroge-
 the	spectacularly	preserved	Phanerozoic	section	exposed	on		                                                                ology. The redbeds are the
 the	flanks	of	the	Winds	and	in	adjoining	basins,	and	learn		                                                                Triassic Chugwater Group and
                                                                                                                             early Jurassic Nugget Sandstone.
 techniques	ranging	from	facies	analysis	to	mapping	deformed	                                                                Photo by Bob Bauer.
 rocks	to	stream	monitoring.	The	course	also	includes	a	4-day		
 trip	through	Yellowstone,	the	Tetons,	and	the	Beartooths.		
 People	interested	in	more	information	should	visit	the	web	site	
 at	http://www.missouri.edu/~geoscrlb/fchome.htm,	and	don’t		
 forget	to	look	at	the	link	for	photos!

                                  Left: The Popo Agie River just down-    Right: The women’s dorm at Branson
                                  stream from camp during a rare June     Field Lab, with lower Paleozoic
                                  snowfall. The river drains snowmelt     rocks exposed in the cliffs behind.
                                  from the high peaks of the Wind Riv-    A favorite hike is to the promontory
                                  ers, and is famous for disappearing     at the top of the ridge, known locally
                                  into a cavern just below where this     as “George” and made up of the
                                  photo was taken (the “Sinks” of Sinks   Ordovician Bighorn Dolomite.
                                  Canyon) and re-emerging a quarter       Photo by Linda Ivany.
                                  mile downstream. Students did dye-
                                  tracing experiments during a hydroge-
                                  ology project and found that it took
                                  over 2 hours for the water to make
                                  the tortuous subterranean journey.
                                  Photo by Linda Ivany.



0-0 D o n a t i o n s           to the Department                                                Opportunities to Contribute to Your Department
Mr. Martin Acaster           Dr. Barbara M. Hill              Mr. Stephen J. Prucha
                                                                                                   Geology Endowed Development Fund: This account is used
Dr. Barbara J. Anderson      Mr. Daniel G. Jaffe              Mr. and Mrs. William D. Romey
                                                                                                   at the discretion of the chair for any activities that enhance
Dr. Charles E. Bartberger    Dr. Joseph H. Kravitz, Jr.       Mr. Scott T. Saroff
                                                                                                   the department.
Mr. Ronald M. Belak          Dr. Richard L. Kroll             Dr. Catherine H. Shrady
Dr. Marion E. Bickford       Mr. Hannes E. Leetaru            Nancy E. Spaulding                   John James Prucha Field Research Fund: This endowment
Mrs. Susan Guhl Browne       Ms. Marilyn E. Leetaru           Mr. Robert M. St. Louis              is used to help our graduate students cover the costs of their
Mr. David Buick              Mr. Frederick K. Mack            Mrs. Barbara B. Stengel              field studies.
Mrs. Paula M. Buick          Mrs. Ruth H. Major               Dr. Irving H. Tesmer                 Geology Department Gifts Account: Gifts to this account
Mr. George V. Bulin, Jr.     Mr. Milton R. Marks              Mr. William P. Tolley, Jr.           are used to purchase software/hardware upgrades for our
Dr. Maurice A. Cucci         Mr. C. Phillip McGuire           Mr. Jack Weikart                     student computer lab, new maps and displays for depart-
Dr. Carlos A. Dengo          Mrs. Elizabeth S. Nelson         Dr. Robert W. Wellner                ment wall spaces, field equipment.
Mr. George E. Duchossois     Mrs. Nannette Nelson             Dr. Michael T. Whalen
Mr. James M. Eagan           Mr. John M. Noble                Dr. Michael Peter Wilson             K. Douglas Nelson Memorial Fund: An endowed memo-
Mrs. Shirley Elston          Mr. John M. Noble                Mr. Walter C. Woodmansee             rial fund will support research/recruitment of outstanding
Dr. Anne F. Gardulski        Dr. James F. Olmsted             Mrs. Walter C. Woodmansee            graduate students.
Mr. Peter G. Goodman         Mr. Theodore O. Price, Jr.       Mr. Paul J. Yarka
Mr. Jeffrey G. Gould         Dr. John J. Prucha               Mrs. Margaret Prucha Yarka           Contributions can be sent to: Department of Earth Sciences,
Mr. John F. Heaney           Mrs. Marina V. Prucha                                                 204 Heroy Geology Lab., Syracuse, NY 13244-1170
Mr. Kevin R. Heaphy          Mrs. Mary H. Prucha
                                                                                 awards

UNDERGRADUATE AWARDS                                                      GRADUATE AWARDS
CHAUNCEY D. HOLMES AWARD                                                  NEWTON E. CHUTE AWARD (GRADUATE)	
(For excellence in introductory Geology courses)                          (Outstanding graduate student for scholarship, service to the department
                                                                          and professional promise)
Spring 2006:                                                              2007	Award	Winner:	Patrick	Wall
GOL	102	(Dr.	Scholz)		          Caitlin	Keating-Bitonti	
GOL	103	(Dr.	Mullins)		         Malissa	Shaw	                             MAJORIE HOOKER AWARD
GOL	105	(Dr.	Ivany)	            Melissa	Berg	                             (For the year’s outstanding thesis proposal or dissertation proposal)
GOL	242	(Dr.	Wilkinson)	        Sheela	Sood	                              2007	Award	Winner:	Robert	Lyons

Fall 2006:                                                                BEST PUBLICATION
GOL	101	(Dr.	Wilkinson)		       Dale	Cooper	Ringham	                      Late	Miocene-Pliocene	eclogite	facies	metamorphism,	D’Entrecasteaux	
GOL	101	(Dr.	Karson)	           Dianna	M	Squillace-Manno	                 Islands,	SE	Papua	New	Guinea	J.	metamorphic	Geol.,
GOL	105	(Dr.	Siegel)	           Susanna	McElligott                        2007	Award	Winner:	Brian	Monteleone
GOL	105	(Dr.	Fitzgerald)	       Elizabeth	Gray	
                                                                          K.D. Nelson Prize
THOMAS CRAMER HOPKINS AWARD	                                              (Most promising tectonics student)
(Outstanding junior or senior majors in Geology)                          2007	Award	Winner:	Joshua	Taylor
2007	Award	Winners:	Michael	Tedeschi	&	Cristina	Story
                                                                          CHAIRMAN’S AWARD
FAYE E. MERRIAM AWARD	                                                    (Outstanding Graduate Student’s Service to the Department and
(Undergraduate major for academic achievement, extra-curricular           Professional Promise & for being an all around good sport!)
contributions, and professional promise)                                  2007	Award	Winner:	Allison	Burnett
2007	Award	Winner:	Emily	Feinberg
                                                                          JOHN PRUCHA RESEARCH AWARDS
ESTWING AWARD (Rock Pick)                                                 (Support for student field research projects)
(Outstanding Earth Sciences student)                                      2007	Award	Winners:	Li	Jin	and	Jack	Heitpas
2007	Award	Winners:	Ian	Semple,	Cyprien	Mihigo		



                                                    JACK HEITPAS
                                                      I	am	interested	in	detrital	heavy	mineral	provenance	studies.	This	past	summer	I	was	
                                                       able	to	undertake	fieldwork	in	the	southern	Appalachians	having	won	the	generous	
                                                       John	Prucha	Research	grant.	In	the	image	above	we	are	collecting	river	sediment	from	
                                                       the	French	Broad	River.	From	these	samples	we	are	identifying	the	heavy	minerals	and	
                                                      performing	chemical	analyses	on	the	grains	with	the	goal	of	comparing	these	to	po-
                                                     tential	source	rocks	in	the	area.	The	ability	to	observe	and	collect	the	potential	source	
                                                   rocks	was	made	entirely	possible	through	the	Prucha	grant.	

                                       LI JIN
                              Thanks	to	the	Prucha	Fund,	I	was	able	to	travel	to	Lander,	Wyoming	to	do	
                            research	experiments	during	2007	summer	field	season	in	Red	Canyon	Creek	
                         watershed,	the	Wind	River	Range	of	the	Rocky	Mountains.	The	question	I	
                      proposed	to	address	is	that	how	significant	the	temporary	water	storage	in	
                 watershed	is	affecting	the	hydrological	system	of	low	order	streams	in	America	West.	
 Surface	water	storage	in	Red	Canyon	Creek	watershed	is	mainly	caused	by	the	extensive	occurrence	
 of	beaver	dams.	The	ponds	behind	beaver	dams	substantially	delay	water	movement	and	increase	the	
 water	residence	time	in	the	system.	I	used	the	whole	stream	solute	injection	experiments	to	charac-
 terize	the	average	characteristics	of	solute	transport	and	storage	in	the	stream	and	to	investigate	how	
 the	beaver	dams	influence	water	and	solute	movement	downstream.	The	data	I	collected	during	the	field	
 season	will	be	presented	at	the	AGU	fall	meeting	in	December	2007.	
                                                                                                                                                     21
                                           In Memorium
     Ernest H. Muller                      University	in	1963	as	professor	       laude	graduate	in	1943,	having	
     Emeritus Professor of Geology         and	chairman	of	the	department	        majored	in	Geology	and	Geogra-
     1923-2005                             of	geology.	He	was	an	expert	in	       phy	and	minored	in	Journalism.	
                                           stratigraphy	and	sedimentology	        During	graduate	studies	she	was	
     Ernest	Hathaway	Muller,	born	         and	authored	many	papers	and	          named	to	Sigma	Delta	Epsilon,	
     March	4,	1923	in	Tabriz,	Iran,	       textbooks	prior	to	his	retire-         Mu	chapter.
     passed	away	suddenly	in	Hous-         ment	in	KU	more	than	30	years	         			Mrs.	Raymer’s	life-long	interest	
     ton,	Texas	on	October	20,	2005.       later.	Survivors	include	four	sons,	   in	earth	sciences	began	at	the	age	
     			He	arrived	at	Syracuse	Universi-   Russell,	Dover,	Del.;	Wood,	San	       of	4	with	a	visit	to	the	lava	tubes	
     ty	in	1959	where	he	subsequently	     Diego;	Douglas,	Iowa	City;	and	        of	Kilauea,	Hawaii.	At	Syracuse	
     taught	for	31	years.	                 Timothy,	New	York.                     Jane	Cressey	studied	with	a	
     			Ernie	was	preceded	in	death	       			The	Department	thanks	Randy	        distant	relative,	Professor	George	
     by	his	loving	wife,	Wanda	Custis	     Van	Schmus,	University	of	Kansas	      Babcock	Cressey.	In	a	department	
     Muller.	He	is	survived	by	his	chil-   for	the	above	information	from	        diminished	by	WWII	to	a	handful	
     dren	David,	Katherine,	and	Ruth	      Journal	World.                         of	students,	the	teaching	methods	
     Anne,	and	six	grandchildren.                                                 were	reversed:	Jane	prepared	lec-
                                                                                  tures	on	each	area	of	study	which	
                                           Richard (Dick) Rezak                   she	then	presented	to	Professor	
     William Meredith                      November	10,	2008                      Cressey.	Successfully	challenging	
     Merrill                                                                      the	dress	code	which	required	
     1918-2007                             The	department	received	noti-          that	female	students	wear	skirts,	
                                           fication	from	Dr.	John	J.	Prucha	      she	argued	that	trousers	offered	
     William	Meredith	Merrill,	88,	        of	Dick’s	passing.	Dick	Rezak	         more	coverage	and	practicality	on	
     Baldwin	City,	died	Tuesday,	          was	one	of	the	department’s	most	      field	trips.
     March	6,	2007,	in	Baldwin	City,	      distinguished	alumni.	In	addi-         			Her	collecting	bag	always	trav-
     KS	after	a	short	illness.	He	was	     tion	to	his	work	in	oceanography,	     eled	behind	the	driver’s	seat,	at	
     born	December	1,	1918,	in	            he	was	widely	recognized	as	the	       the	ready	with	a	rock	hammer.	
     Detroit,	the	son	of	James	and	        profession’s	foremost	authority	on	    Vacations	were	spent	mining	
     Isabelle	LeBombard	Merril.	He	        stromatolites.                         sapphires	in	Montana,	picking	
     graduated	from	Michigan	State	        			Dick	and	John	were	colleagues	      garnets	from	a	direct	highway	
     University	in	1940	and	received	a	    at	the	Shell	Development	Re-           turn-out	in	South	Dakota,	pan-
     Ph.D.	from	Ohio	State	University	     search	Laboratory	in	Houston	          ning	gold..	and	of	course	slowing	
     in	1950.                              during	the	years	1958-1963.	           down	for	particularly	interesting	
     			He	served	in	the	U.S.	Army	as	                                            road-cuts!	Her	two	grandchil-
     a	lieutenant	in	the	mechanized	                                              dren	were	rewarded	with	pocket	
     cavalry.	He	served	in	combat	as	a	    Jane Cressey Raymer ‘43                change	for	spotting	ancient	lake	
     tank	commander	in	North	Africa,	                                             beds	and	other	feather.
     Italy	and	France	and	retired	with	    We	wish	to	thank	Margaret	Ray-         			Mrs.	Raymer	died	10	May	2007	
     the	rank	of	major.                    mer	Lambert	for	the	following	         in	Prescott,	AZ.	Her	ashes	will	
     			He	was	a	faculty	member	at	the	    touching	tribute	to	Jane	that	she	     be	scattered	at	sites	of	geological	
     University	of	Illinois	and	chair-     sent	to	the	department	in	August.      interest.
     man	of	geology	at	Syracuse	Uni-       			Jane	Cressey	Raymer	was	a	
     versity	before	he	came	to	Kansas	     Syracuse	University	summa	cum	




22
Alumni News
Alumnus Spotlight
Harold Whitbeck, B.S. ‘58
The	Department	of	Earth	Sciences	would	like	to	acknowledge	and	thank	our	alumnus	
spotlight	Harold	A.	Whitbeck	B.S.’58,	for	his	most	generous	contribution	to	the	depart-
ment	which	that	was	used	to	purchase	new	microscopes	replacing	a	classroom	of	outdated	
microscopes.	These	are	used	by	our	graduate	students	for	research	and	are	used	in	our	
undergraduate	level	courses	including	Mineralogy	(GOL	314),	Petrology	(GOL	418)	and	
Sedimentology	(GOL	517).	One	of	the	microscopes	is	equipped	with	a	digital	camera	that	
enables	capture	of	images	and	also	project	live	images	in	the	classroom.

He	is	currently	CEO	of	Rail	Car	America	Inc.,	a	company	that	manages	facilities	in	San	
Antonio,	Tucson,	Omaha,and	Chehalis	(State	of	Washington)	providing	freight-car	mainte-
nance	and	repair	services.	

Harold	A.	Whitbeck	is	a	long-time	collector	of	Russian	Imperial	Porcelain	eggs.	He	has	lectured	
and	spoken	on	the	subject	and	exhibited	his	collection	at	museums	and	institutions	throughout	
the	US.	His	book,	“Russian	Imperial	Porcelain	Easter	Eggs”	was	published	in	2001with	co-author	
Tamara	Kudriavtseva,	a	curator	of	Russian	ceramics	and	porcelain	at	the	State	Hermitage	Museum	
in	St.	Petersburg.

Mr.	Whitbeck	was	born	in	1931	and	majored	in	geology	in	The	College	of	Arts	and	Sciences.	He	
led	a	very	busy	life	while	at	Syracuse	University,	participating	in	the	Geology	Club,	Varsity	La-
crosse,	Sigma	Alpha	Epsilon	fraternity	and	other	campus	activities.	He	is	not	the	only	SU	alum	in	
the	family:	His	father,	Harold	Andrus	Whitbeck,	Sr.	was	in	the	class	of	1929.	His	wife,	Moreland	
(Menz)	Whitbeck	’57,	earned	a	B.F.A.	Cum	Laude	from	the	School	of	Art	&	Design	in	Advertising	
Design.	She	is	a	volunteer	docent	for	Fine	Arts	Museums	of	San	Francisco.	Harold	and	his	family	
reside	in	the	San	Francisco	Bay	area.


Stephanie (Clifford) Arnold (B.A.’99)
She’s	in	the	alumni	news	again,	only	this	time	as	the	newest	addition	to	the	department’s	main	
   	
office	staff.	

Stephanie	began	as	a	temporary	employee	in	December	2006.	She	was	made	a	permanent	
employee	in	July	2007.	Stephanie’s	love	of	earth	sciences	has	paid	off	handsomely	for	the	
department.	Stephanie	is	the	Undergraduate	and	Graduate	Coordinator	for	the	department.	
She	has	been	working	with	the	department’s	head	teaching	assistant,	Andrew	Haveles,	on	
integrating	Google	Earth	and	Geowall	for	a	new	introductory	lab.	The	news	from	Stephanie	
                                                                                  	
keeps	getting	better	as	she	has	announced	that	she	and	Aaron	are	expecting	their	first	child	in	
March	2008.

Stephanie	is	also	the	owner	of	Sit	Stay	Play	Pet	Sitting,	so	you	know	who	to	call	should	you	
need	your	pet	cared	for!


Adam Carey M.S.’06
Adam	has	settled	into	a	job	in	New	Orleans,	LA	at	Minerals	Management	Service.	One	
                                                                              	
of	his	primary	functions	as	a	Research	Evaluation	geoscientist	is	to	scientifically	evaluate	
offshore	U.S.	property	to	ensure	fair	market	value	bids	are	received	from	petroleum	compa-
nies	for	the	mineral	rights.	In	order	to	achieve	this,	he	interprets	2-D	and	3-D	seismic	data	
to	create	subsurface	maps	showing	geologic	structure,	reservoir	thickness,	and	amplitude	
anomalies.	These	subsurface	maps	along	with	electric	logs	and	micropaleontology	are	used	
to	locate	target	areas	of	potential	hydrocarbon-bearing	reservoir	rock.
                                                                                                     23
                                Syracuse University
                                Department of Earth Sciences
                                204 Heroy Geology Lab
                                Syracuse NY 13244-1070




2007 GSA Annual Meeting & Exposition
28-31 October • Colorado Convention Center • Denver, Colorado
The department of Earth Sciences will once again be at the annual GSA
meeting both as presenters and as recruiters.
The department will have booth space available for students to come by
meet current graduate students, learn of all the exciting activities in the
department and meet some of our faculty.
The number one reason to attend the annual meeting is, of course, the fact
that Monday night at GSA is ALUMNI NIGHT!!
And once again, we will be hosting a reception for our alumni and friends of
the department.
The details are:
Monday, October 29, 2007, 7:00pm - ??
Grand Hyatt Denver
1750 Welton Street (4 blocks from the Convention Cntr.)
17th & Welton, Denver, CO 80202
Phone: (303) 295-1234
Hope to see as many of you there as possible.


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