Vocabulary Building Skills to Teach by xumiaomaio

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									Language Learning Support Section Annual Sharing 2008-09
“Building the language foundation for life-long learning and whole person development"

                                          Vocabulary Building Skills
1.    Sight words
2.    Phonics
3.    Word formation
       i.    Affixation - adding prefix and suffix to base word
             e.g. unfriendly, careful, __less, __ly, dis__
      ii.    Compounding - formation of words with two or more separate words
             e.g. football, blackboard
      iii.   Blending - mix two words together
             e.g. motor + hotel = motel (a place to stay when travelling by car)
                  smoke + fog = smog (air pollution in a city)
     iv.     Conversion - the process by which an item may be used in different parts of
             speech yet does not change its form
             e.g. – Here is some butter. Butter the bread.
      v.     Derivation - the process whereby new words are formed from existing words or
             bases by affixation
             e.g. migrate : migrated, migrating, migration, immigration, migrants…
4.    Word association
       i.    Synonyms – two words that can be interchanged in a context
             e.g. big, large
      ii.    Antonyms - two words that express opposing concepts
             e.g. cheap, expensive
      iii.   Homonyms - words which have the same form but have completely unrelated
             meaning and have to be learned as different words
             e.g. bank manager, river bank
     iv.     Collocation - relationship between two words or groups of words that often go
             together and form a common expression
                                                     
             e.g. take (eat) medicine, spend (pay) time, go (do) fishing   
      v.     Lexical sets - words that belong to a particular group (word families)
             • Semantic group
                 Example: cat, dog, elephant, snake
                 belong to the semantic group Animals.
             •    Syntactical group
                  Example: pretty, long, unusual, frightening
                  belong to the syntactical group Adjectives.
             •    Functional group
                  Example: Hello, Hi, Good morning, Hello there
                  belong to the functional group Greetings.
5.      Dictionary skills (picture dictionary, thesaurus…)
Strengthening the basics: a multifaceted approach to vocabulary teaching                     1
Language Learning Support Section Annual Sharing 2008-09
“Building the language foundation for life-long learning and whole person development"

A School-based example on how to infuse the teaching of different vocabulary building skills into the core English Curriculum
                                                       curriculum
                                                            2008-2009 School-based Literacy Plan
Term A
                                                                                                  G.E. Programme
Book                    Unit                                          Text Types
                                                                                                                   Vocabulary Building Skills
                                                        Reading                         Writing
 5A       1. Behave well                       - stories (comics)                - rules                - prefixes
                                               - magazine articles                                      - antonyms
                                                                                                        - phonics
          2. Getting on with others            - journals                        - notes                - collocation
                                               - e-mails                                                - synonyms
                                               - poems                                                  - phonics
          3. Who are they?                     - plays                           - conversations        - lexical sets on clothes
                                                                                                        - compounding
          4. Our belongings                    - songs                                                  - phonics
                                               - notices
          5. Having fun together               - accounts                        - information          - lexical sets on tourist spots and activities
                                               - comics                           reports               - derivation
          6. Fun in Hong Kong                  - poems                                                  - phonics
                                               - webpage
          7. Talented people                   - stories                         - personal             - lexical sets on jobs
                                               -advertisements                    descriptions          - suffixes
                                               - magazine articles                                      - phonics
          8. Be a good citizen                 - stories                         - information          - lexical sets on adjectives
                                               - conversations                    reports               - derivation
                                                                                                        - phonics


Strengthening the basics: a multifaceted approach to vocabulary teaching                                 2

								
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