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					Living Things and Viruses


        Jeopardy
       Test Review
          Game
Virus   Bacteria   Protist   Fungus   Misc.




100       100       100       100     100

200       200       200       200     200

300       300       300       300     300

400       400       400       400     400

500       500       500       500     500
Name the two basic
 parts of a virus.
protein coat and inner core
What is a virus?
tiny, non-living particle that
invades a cell and multiplies
How is a virus like a
     parasite?
It needs a host to
    reproduce.
What is in the inner core
       of a virus?
genetic material
   What is the best
treatment for a virus?
bed rest and plenty of fluids
How are bacteria
  classified?
prokaryote
____________ bacteria
    obtain food by
 consuming autotrophs
   and heterotrophs.
Heterotrophic
 Genetic material is passed
  from one bacterium to
another across a thread-like
       bridge during
     _____________.
conjugation
 During _______ ______ a
    parent cell copies its
 genetic material and splits
in half to create 2 new cells
  that look exactly like the
         parent cell.
binary fission
Name 4 ways that
 bacteria move.
flagellum, water, air, other
   organisms, and other
          objects
A protist is classified as
    a __________.
eukaryote
Animal-like protists are
   commonly called
      _______.
protozoans
What are plant-like
protists commonly
      called?
algae
  What animal-like
characteristic does a
   euglena have?
 HINT: food source
They can be
heterotrophs.
   What plant-like
characteristic does a
   euglena have?
 HINT: food source
They can be autotrophs.
What do fungi have in
common with animals?
They are heterotrophs.
Fungi are classified as
   __________?
eukaryotes
How do fungi
 reproduce?
spores or budding
How is a fungus like a
        plant?
It has a cell wall.
Who discovered
  penicillin?
Fleming
What does the word
“protozoan” literally
      mean?
first animal
What does the word
“pseudopod” literally
      mean?
false feet
 What is the difference
between an active virus
  and a hidden virus?
An active virus takes over a
cell immediately and begins
to multiply. A hidden virus
becomes part of the cell for
   quite a while before it
      begins to multiply.
What characteristic do
 all plant-like protists
         share?
They are autotrophs.
What is a prokaryote?
An organism that does not
     have a nucleus.
MORE      MORE      MORE      MORE    MORE
VIRUS   BACTERIA   PROTIST   FUNGUS   MISC.




200
100       200
          100       200
                    100       200
                              100     200
                                      100


400
200       400
           20       400
                    200       400
                              200     400
                                      200


600
300       600
          300       600
                    300       600
                              300     600
                                      300


800
400       800
          400       800
                    400       800
                              400     800
                                      400


1000
 500     1000
          500       1000
                     500     1000
                              500     1000
                                       500
Why doesn’t the doctor
prescribe an antibiotic
 for a viral infection?
An antibiotic cannot destroy
 the outer protein coat of a
            virus.
What directly provides
 energy for a virus?
host cell
How does a virus move?
air, food, water, or contact
with a contaminated person
          or object
  Why are viruses
considered non-living
      particles?
They do not show all the
 characteristics of living
         things.
Name a common virus.
chicken pox, common cold,
      influenza (flu)
  A bacteria is classified as
 a(n)_________ because it
_________ have a nucleus.
A bacteria is classified as a
 prokaryote because it
does not have a nucleus.
 Name a common
bacterial infection.
strep throat or staph
      infection
What process results in
  bacteria that are
genetically different?
conjugation
Name two shapes of
    bacteria.
spherical, rod-like, or spiral
  What determines the
shape of a bacterial cell?
the make up of the cell wall
What structure allows an
  amoeba to move?
pseudopods
What structure allows a
paramecium to move?
cilia
What structure allows a
  euglena to move?
flagellum
An amoeba is considered
a(n) __________ protist.
     a. animal-like
      b. plant-like
     c. fungus-like
a. animal-like
A euglena is considered
a(n) _________ protist.
     a. animal-like
      b. plant-like
     c. fungus-like
b. plant-like
Name one example of a
   parasitic fungus.
Dutch Elm Disease or
   Athlete’s Foot
How did Alexander
 Fleming discover
    penicillin?
 He accidentally allowed a
blue-green mold to grow in
   a petri dish with the
  staphylococcus he was
         studying.
 Do fungi reproduce
sexually, asexually, or
        both?
both
How does a fungus
     move?
It relies on air currents or
     other organisms.
What is the food source
       for fungi?
Fungi are heterotrophs.
   They rely on other
 organisms for energy.
What type of reproduction
produces organisms that
 are different from either
          parent?
sexual reproduction
What type of reproduction
  in bacteria starts with 2
cells and ends with 2 cells?
conjugation
 What type of reproduction
in bacterial cells starts with
1 cell and ends with 2 cells?
binary fission
What type of reproduction
 in fungi leads to more
     diverse genes?
sexual reproduction
Name the three protists that
 we disucssed in class and
 tell how each one moves.
 paramecium—cilia
amoeba—pseudopods
 euglena--flagellum

				
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