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Graphing Quadratic Functions

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					Graphing Quadratic Functions

       y = ax2 + bx + c
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                         Quadratic Functions
                                               y
The graph of a quadratic function
is a parabola.
                                                   Vertex

A parabola can open up or down.

If the parabola opens up, the
lowest point is called the vertex.
                                                            x

If the parabola opens down, the
vertex is the highest point.

NOTE: if the parabola opened         Vertex
left or right it would not be a
function!
                                Standard Form
                                                y
The standard form of a
quadratic function is
                                                    a>0
       y = ax2 + bx + c
The parabola will open up
when the a value is positive.

                                                          x
The parabola will open down
when the a value is negative.


                                       a<0
                            Line of Symmetry
                                               Lineyof
Parabolas have a symmetric
                                              Symmetry
property to them.

If we drew a line down the
middle of the parabola, we
could fold the parabola in half.

We call this line the line of                                      x
symmetry.

Or, if we graphed one side of
the parabola, we could “fold”
(or REFLECT) it over, the line
of symmetry to graph the other      The line of symmetry ALWAYS
side.                                 passes through the vertex.
                Finding the Line of Symmetry

When a quadratic function is in      For example…
standard form
                                     Find the line of symmetry of
       y = ax2 + bx + c,                   y = 3x2 – 18x + 7
The equation of the line of
symmetry is                          Using the formula…

             x  b                      x  18  18  3
                2a                          2 3 6
This is best read as …
  the opposite of b divided by the   Thus, the line of symmetry is x = 3.
       quantity of 2 times a.
                         Finding the Vertex
We know the line of symmetry                     y = –2x2 + 8x –3
always goes through the vertex.
                                    STEP 1: Find the line of symmetry
Thus, the line of symmetry
gives us the x – coordinate of                 x  b  8  8  2
                                                  2a   2(2)   4
the vertex.                         STEP 2: Plug the x – value into the
                                    original equation to find the y value.
To find the y – coordinate of the
vertex, we need to plug the x –                   y = –2(2)2 + 8(2) –3
value into the original equation.                  y = –2(4)+ 8(2) –3

                                                    y = –8+ 16 –3
                                                          y=5

                                    Therefore, the vertex is (2 , 5)
      A Quadratic Function in Standard Form
The standard form of a quadratic            There are 3 steps to graphing a
function is given by                        parabola in standard form.
            y = ax2 + bx + c

                                                Plug in A TABLE
                                                MAKE the line
                                               USE the equationof
STEP 1: Find the line of symmetry
                                             symmetry (x – value) to
                                             using x – values close to
                                                   the – b
                                            obtain x =y - value of the
STEP 2: Find the vertex                       the line of symmetry.
                                                      vertex.
                                                         2a
STEP 3: Find two other points and reflect
them across the line of symmetry. Then
connect the five points with a smooth
curve.
      A Quadratic Function in Standard Form
Let's Graph ONE! Try …                        y

             y = 2x2 – 4x – 1
STEP 1: Find the line of
symmetry



             -b   4
        x=      =    =1                                              x
             2a 2(2)




                                Thus the line of symmetry is x = 1
       A Quadratic Function in Standard Form
Let's Graph ONE! Try …                      y

             y = 2x2 – 4x – 1
STEP 2: Find the vertex

Since the x – value of the
vertex is given by the line of
symmetry, we need to plug
in x = 1 to find the y – value
                                                               x
of the vertex.

   y = 2(1)2 - 4(1)- 1 = - 3

                                 Thus the vertex is (1 ,–3).
      A Quadratic Function in Standard Form
Let's Graph ONE! Try …             y

            y = 2x2 – 4x – 1

STEP 3: Find two other points
and reflect them across the line
of symmetry. Then connect the
five points with a smooth curve.

             x     y                          x

             2 –1
             3     5

   y = 2(2)2 - 4(2)- 1 = - 1
   y = 2(3)2 - 4(3)- 1 = 5

				
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posted:10/5/2011
language:English
pages:11
Jun Wang Jun Wang Dr
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