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					West Virginia University


                             Graduate Program

   Department of Geology and Geography
   West Virginia University
   330 Brooks Hall
   Morgantown, WV 26506
   (304) 293-5603

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                           WVU Geology

              Graduate Program

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           Department Web Site:

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                    Grad Program Chair
                      (304) 293-5603
                    FAX (304)293-6522

               Department of Geology and Geography
                         330 Brooks Hall
                Box 6300, West Virginia University
                Morgantown, West Virginia 26506
                      (304)293-5603 voice
                       (304)293-6522 FAX

cover: Helderberg/Tonoloway limestones near Romney, WV. Courtesy Eb Werner

                          Table of Contents
INTRODUCTION                                                        1

FACULTY                                                             1

RESEARCH LINKAGES AROUND MORGANTOWN                                 2

FACILITIES                                                          3

COMPUTER FACILITIES AND NETWORK                                     3
SOFTWARE RESOURCES                                                  3
LABORATORY AND FIELD INSTRUMENTATION                                4
     GEOLOGICAL                                                     4
     GEOPHYSICAL                                                    4
     HYDROGEOLOGICAL                                                4
     QUATERNARY GEOLOGY AND GEOMORPHOLOGY                           4
     REMOTE SENSING                                                 4

THE GRADUATE PROGRAM                                                5

REQUIREMENTS FOR ADMISSION                                           5
FINANCIAL SUPPORT                                                    5
     TEACHING ASSISTANTSHIPS (GTAS)                                  5
     RESEARCH ASSISTANTSHIPS (GRAS)                                  5
     CHESAPEAKE FELLOWSHIPS                                          6
     SWIGER FELLOWSHIPS                                              6
     DUBOIS FELLOWSHIPS                                              6
REQUIREMENTS: ALL GRADUATE PROGRAMS                                  6
     GEOLOGY COLLOQUIUM                                              6
     ANNUAL PROGRESS ASSESSMENT                                      6
     WITHDRAWING FROM COURSES                                        6
MASTER OF SCIENCE (M.S.) IN GEOLOGY                                  6
     OPTION I: M.S. IN GEOLOGY -- THESIS                             7
     BREADTH REQUIREMENT                                            10
     MINIMUM GRADES AND COURSE LOAD                                 10
DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY (PH.D.) IN GEOLOGY                             10
     WVU GRADUATE CATALOG                                           10
     PLAN OF STUDY                                                  10
     PH.D. COMMITTEE                                                10
     COURSEWORK                                                     11
     RESIDENCY                                                      11
     PH.D. SEMINAR                                                  11
     PRELIMINARY EXAMINATION                                        11

     WAIVER OF DEADLINES                              12
     PH.D. DEGREE TIME LIMIT                          12
     EVALUATION OF EXAMINATIONS                       12
     DISSERTATION DEFENSE                             13

GEOLOGY GRADUATE COURSES                              15

FACULTY VITAE                                         19

ROBERT E. BEHLING                                     19
TIMOTHY R. CARR                                       19
JOSEPH J. DONOVAN                                     19
DENGLIANG GAO                                         19
THOMAS W. KAMMER                                      19
J. STEVEN KITE                                        20
HELEN M. LANG                                         20
HENRY W. RAUCH                                        20
JOHN J. RENTON                                        20
SHIKHA SHARMA                                         21
RICHARD SMOSNA                                        21
JAIME TORO                                            21
DOROTHY J. VESPER                                     21
TIMOTHY A. WARNER                                     21
AMY WEISLOGEL                                         22
THOMAS H. WILSON                                      22

Geology has been taught at West Virginia University since its founding in 1867, but the Department
of Geology was not established until 1877. From its inception the geology program focused on the
natural resources of West Virginia: coal, oil, natural gas, water, salt, and other nonmetallic deposits.
Early faculty and students of the Geology program played a key role in the development of the oil
industry in the Appalachian basin, the principal hydrocarbon province of the world at that time. Key
areas of early specialization were petrology, stratigraphy, structural geology, paleontology and
paleobotany. Since 1970 Department growth has encompassed geophysics, geomorphology,
hydrogeology, geochemistry, geological education, remote sensing, and GIS applications (the last
two areas in association with the Geography program, our partner in the Department).

WVU Geology has remained a scientific research center with an applied focus. The job market for
WVU geologists remains strong, primarily in the petroleum industry and the environmental and
hydrogeology fields. Our M.S. graduates are well prepared to deal with job-market trends, finding
virtually 100% job placement in technical fields over the last 25 years. Our Ph.D. alumni teach and
do research in University departments across the country. We believe that the diversity in
professional fields requires a diverse geoscience education and that research problems we study in
West Virginia provide valuable experience.

West Virginia spans nearly the entire width of the Appalachian basin including the Appalachian fold-and-thrust
belt and high plateau. The state is ideal for regional structural and stratigraphic analysis. Recent discovery of
the largest gas field in the continental U.S. -- the Marcellus shale -- has created an exploration and employment
boom which translates into unprecedented research and work opportunities for our students, not only in energy
fields but also in water and environmental. The mountainous nature of West Virginia creates great scenic beauty,
as well as spectacular geologic hazards (floods and landslides) that are fertile ground for applied environmental
research. Research opportunities also abound in applied hydrogeologic and geochemical problems related to
water supply, coal mining, and acid-mine drainage. West Virginia is the second largest coal producer in the
country and has a wide variety of environmental problems studied by WVU geoscientists.

The Geography Program (within the same department) stresses GIS applications that complement Geology
research initiatives, including economic planning for resource utilization and environmental studies. Both
programs rely heavily on state-of-the-art computer facilities as research tools, not only in quantitative fields such
as geophysics and hydrogeology but in the more traditional disciplines as well. The WVU geoscience
experience has a strong information-technology flavor.

There are 18 Geology faculty (16 full time, 2 emeriti). Two are joint Geology-Geography hires. For more
details on vitae, see faculty web pages linked below.

The Geology Faculty

   Robert E. Behling (Ph.D. Ohio State, 1971), Professor – Geomorphology, Geological Education.

   Timothy Carr (Ph.D. Wisconsin), Marshall Miller Energy Professor of Geology – Petroleum Geology.

   Joseph J. Donovan (Ph.D. Penn State, 1992), Professor – Hydrogeology, Water-Rock Interaction.

   Dengliang Gao (PhD. Duke, 1997). Associate Professor, Geophysics.

   Thomas W. Kammer (Ph.D. Indiana, 1982), Centennial Professor of Geology – Paleontology, Paleoecology,

   Steven Kite (Ph.D. Wisconsin, 1983), Associate Professor, Department Chair - Quaternary Geology,
      Surficial Geology, Geomorphology, Geoarcheology.

   Helen Lang (Ph.D. Oregon, 1983), Associate Professor, Associate Chair of Geology – Petrology,

   Henry Rauch (Ph.D. Penn State, 1972), Professor – Hydrogeology, Geochemistry.

   John J. Renton (Ph.D. WVU, 1965), Professor – Coal Geology, Geochemistry.

   Shikha Sharma (Ph.D. Lucknow, 1998), Assistant Professor -- low-temperature stable Isotope geochemistry

   Richard Smosna (Ph.D. Illinois, 1973), Professor – Sedimentology, Stratigraphy, Petroleum Geology. (to be
      Emeritus starting fall 2012)

   Jaime Toro (Ph.D. Stanford, 1998), Associate Professor – Structural Geology, Tectonics.

   Dorothy J. Vesper (Ph. D. Penn State, 2002), Associate Professor – Aqueous Geochemistry, Karst Geology

   Timothy Warner (Ph.D. Purdue, 1992), Professor – Remote Sensing.

   Amy Weislogel (Ph.D., Stanford, 2006), Assistant Professor, Sedimentology, stratigraphy, sedimentary

   Thomas H. Wilson (Ph.D. WVU, 1980), Professor – Geophysics.

Emeritus faculty

   Alan C. Donaldson (Ph.D. Penn State, 1959), Professor (Emeritus) – Sedimentation, Stratigraphy.

   Robert C. Shumaker (Ph.D. Cornell, 1960), Professor (Emeritus) – Basin Structure, Petroleum Geology.

The WV Geological and Economic Survey (WVGES), located 5 miles from Morgantown, makes available
laboratory equipment, fossil collections, cataloged drill cuttings and core, and subsurface logs from deep wells
in the region. The Survey also offers students work and thesis opportunities in coal resources and petroleum
geology. Several survey geologists are adjunct faculty.

The National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) of the U.S. Department of Energy laboratory located in
Morgantown and Pittsburgh carries out and funds research on fossil-fuel resources and environmental problems.
NETL projects support Geology faculty and graduate-student research.

The West Virginia Water Research Institute (WVWRI) is the premier water research center in West Virginia

and an international leader in certain fields. The Institute is based at the National Center for Coal and Energy at
the Evansdale Campus of WVU. Geology Professor Dr. Joe Donovan is the director of the Hydrogeology
Research Center, the main center for groundwater research within WVWRI.

The Department houses the West Virginia GIS Technical Center, the central source for geographic information
science resources in West Virginia. The Tech Center is responsible for scanning and digitization of USGS
DLGs, DOQs, and a host of other data products. The Center provides technical-support services for the
development and operation of GIS in West Virginia. A limited number of RA opportunities are available
related to Center activities.

Both research and teaching computing facilities are outstanding for a department of fewer than 100 grad
students. These facilities are centered around a Windows NT client-server network. The research cluster has
access to >5 terabytes of redundant networked storage based on a series of RAID servers, as well as diverse
networked printers, large-format plotters, large-format digitizers, and scanners. The teaching cluster provides
interactive computing resources for >130 students on networked Windows + Linux-based computers, including
a dual-screen workstation-class lab with industry geophysics and exploration software. There is an interactive
3-D GeoWall teaching laboratory. Classroom demonstration facilities are available in all teaching labs. All
resources are regularly-upgraded with a replacement period of 2-3 years. Clusters for the GEO workgroup are
linked across the NT intranet to the WVGIS center and have gateway access to the University backbone.
Ethernet cabling reaches virtually every lab, office, and classroom in the building. Networked computers are
provided in nearly all grad student offices.

Finally, the Department has a Virtual Reality 3-D demonstration facility ("The Cave").

The Department maintains software for instructional and research usage. A full range of common applications
software is available on all network machines. In addition, statistical packages (SAS, R) allow students to
undertake detailed statistical analysis, whereas graphical analysis packages (Surface III, Mapping Contour
System, TruFlite, Surfer) enable users to render both 2D and 3D surfaces. GIS licenses include ARC GIS and
IDRISI, all accessible to students for integration of complex geological and geophysical data. ERDAS
IMAGINE provides a suite of image-processing tools for analyzing remotely sensed data. AutoCAD, Adobe
Illustrator, CorelDraw, and other graphics design packages allow accurate rendering of technical diagrams.

State-of-the-art geophysical modeling and processing software are available for instructional and research use.
We have considerable Windows based software from Halliburton Landmark Graphics including GeoGraphix,
SeisVision and Decision Space Desktop, ProMax 3D/4D and ProMax VSP. Seismic processing is performed
using ProMax. We also have Landmark's Linux based GeoProbe, SpecDecomp, Post Stack PAL, RAVE, Depth
Team Express and more. Schlumberger's Petrel and Seismic Micro Technology's Kingdom Suite 2D/3D Pak
software give us a spectrum of powerful tools to interpret and analyze 3D seismic reflection data and well logs.
There is also a 3D Seismic Attribute Visualization & Interpretation Lab, featuring Linux/windows dual-boot
workstations along with state-of-the-art 3D seismic visualization software (VoxelGeo plus 3D Canvas),
sponsored by Paradigm Geophysical Inc..

Software for groundwater simulation includes aquifer characterization packages (AQTESOLV), finite-difference
flow and particle-tracking codes (MODFLOW2000, MODPATH3), solute-transport codes (MT3D,
MODFLOWT), and preprocessors (Groundwater Vistas). Streamflow-modeling capabilities includes
RIVERMORPH, HEC-2 step-backwater and peak value flood frequency software.

For structural geology studies we use 2Dmove (Midland Valley), in addition to standard structural analysis

software. Basin modeling and evaluation of the generation of hydrocarbons are carried out with the GENEX
(Beisip-Franlab) software.

The department has a rock-crushing room equipped with jaw crusher and disk grinder as well as laboratories
devoted to geological sample preparation which include standard mineral separation equipment (Frantz
magnetic separator, Gemini table, and heavy liquids set-up). For additional details contact Dr. Jaime Toro

The department owns the GEM-2, a multifrequency terrain conductivity developed by GeoPhex Ltd. We also
own a Geonics very low frequency (VLF) EM meter (Phoenix and Geonics EM16) and an EM34 terrain
conductivity meter. Along with the EM16 we have the EM16R resistivity attachment. We also have a
Geometrics Magnetometer. For seismic work we have a Bison Instruments 12 Channel Seismograph. The
department and geophysics lab offers large format plotting on 24-42 inch HP plotters. For additional details
contact Dr. Tom Wilson (

The department has a state-of-the-art Stable Isotope facility equipped with a Finnigan Delta Advantage
continuous flow mass spectrometer connected to three peripherals i.e. Gas bench Device, Element Analyzer and
TC/EA via a Conflo IV interface. This interface allows immediate switching between three sample preparation
devices significantly reducing idle time while increasing sample throughput. The instruments are set-up for
measuring the C, N, O and H isotopes in a wide variety of substrates ranging from waters, gases, and sediments
to plant/animal tissues. The isotope laboratory also serves as a hands-on teaching and training facility for
graduate students. For additional details contact Dr. Shikha Sharma (

The Department also shares ownership of a Panalytical Xpert Pro X-Ray Diffraction unit for semi-quant and
quant mineralogy, equipped with an Accelerator detector, Cu-Ka source, 40-disk autosampler, and both
HighScore Plus search-match and Quant-X software packages. Samples are mounted via a 4 ton hydraulic
Chemplex press. For additional details contact Dr. Joe Donovan (

Groundwater field equipment includes an array of Global Water vented pressure transducer/datalogger
instruments, Grundfos 4” and Redi-Flo 2 pumps, peristaltic pumps and flow-through sampling cells, and analog
well recorders, as well as a variety of generators, sampling pumps, flumes, pH and conductivity meters, bailers,
and current meters. For additional details contact Dr. Joe Donovan (

Quaternary Geology and Geomorphology research is served by a particle-size analysis laboratory as well as field
instrumentation such as Garmin and Trimble GPS units, its, Leica laser levels, and a Leica TC400 electronic
distance meter. For additional details contact Dr. Steve Kite (

The Remote Sensing Laboratory supports licenses for ERDAS Imagine, ENVI/IDL, Idrisi, ArcInfo, eCognition
and Terasolid lidar software. The department has outstanding computing facilities. The remote sensing field
program is supported by a portable full-range (0.4 to 2.5 micrometer) ASD spectroradiometer. The laboratory
also coordinates the West Virginia View state remote sensing consortium. For additional details contact Dr.
Tim Warner (

                       THE GRADUATE PROGRAM
The Department offers Master of Science (M.S.) and Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.) degrees in Geology. The
M.S. degree is nominally a 2-year program, generally completed in between two and three years. The Ph.D.
degree requires from three to six years of study. Currently there are approximately 50 graduate students, about
65% M.S. and 35% Ph.D. program.

Applicants should have a bachelor's degree in geology or a related field. However, students with a strong record
and willingness to take additional courses to make up deficiencies in geology and related sciences are
encouraged to apply. A grade-point average of 3.5 or higher is most competitive for financial assistance, and
few with GPAs below 3.0 will be accepted. All candidates must apply through the WVU grad application
website GEMS, submit general GRE Test scores (verbal, quantitative, and analytical), provide academic
transcript(s) of all college courses, and request 3 letters of recommendation to be submitted directly to GEMS
from the referees. Although the admission process continues until all positions are filled, applicants seeking
financial support should apply before February 1 (for Fall admission) or before October 15 (for Spring
admission). Nearly all new graduate students begin during the fall semester.

Support for graduate students is available from a variety of sources, including Teaching Assistantships, Research
Assistantships, and Fellowships. It is a general policy of the Program to financially support all grad students
that we choose to accept for a minimum of 4 semesters (MS) or 6 semesters (PhD). Provisional students or
students with remarkably productive records may receive extended support. Support is contingent upon making
good progress towards timely completion of the degree.

Approximately 12 new GTAs are awarded to entering Geology graduate students each year. A TA for an M.S.
student is a nine-month appointment paying about $13,350 in addition to a waiver of full-time tuition (up to 12
credit hours per semester). In return for this stipend, the student works about 20 hours per week teaching and/or
assisting in undergraduate labs and classes. Summer tuition is waived for students who held a TA or RA during
the preceding two semesters. Students are responsible for mandatory fees (health care, campus recreation
center, computer use, and library fees) that total about $600 per semester. Ph.D. students receive a stipend of
$15,750 for a nine-month appointment plus a tuition waiver.

TA awards are competitive and normally tendered only to the strongest students. Students hoping to obtain a
TA are encouraged to visit the WVU campus during fall or winter of the year prior to entry and to meet with
WVU faculty in areas of their research interests. We should receive the complete application by February 1.
Positions are normally filled by April 15. Whereas most TAs start in Fall, there is occasionally a TA vacancy in

International applicants desiring Teaching Assistantships for financial support must also pass a WVU-
administered SPEAK examination in oral English (in the Intensive English program). If interested, contact the
grad program chair.

Research Assistantships are positions that support student research under supervision of a faculty member with
funded research grants and are competitively awarded Terms of RA employment vary and pay commensurately
to GTAs and also include a full waiver of tuition. Normally the research performed is part of the student’s thesis
or dissertation. Students interested in obtaining RA support should contact faculty working in their field of

From 2-6 Chesapeake Energy Fellows are named each year, usually from the entering class of new graduate
students. Eligible candidates for the Chesapeake Fellowships must have strong academic interests and have
long-term interests in potential employment in energy-related fields or professions. Stipends for Chesapeake
Fellows range from $2500-$20,000 per annum and may be either in the form of full fellowships or salary caps
on GTAs, of one or two semester duration.

The Swiger Fellowship provides doctoral candidates $22,000 per year with waiver of tuition and most fees for
three years. Each student is expected to study full time and to carry 12 credit hours per semester during each of
the three years. The Fellowship is very competitive. Applicants should have a good undergraduate record and
GRE scores, as well as strong letters of recommendation. For more information see

The W.E. Dubois Fellowship, administered by the University, provides black graduate students with $18,000
per annum for up to three years. Each student is expected to study full time and to carry 12 credit hours per
semester during each of the three years. The Fellowship is very competitive, and applicants should have a good
undergraduate record and GRE scores, as well as strong letters of recommendation. For more information see

The National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL), the West Virginia Geological and Economic Survey
(WVGES), and the National Research Center for Coal and Energy (NRCCE) sponsor research-assistant
positions that provide hourly wages for some students. These positions may in some cases include tuition
waivers. Students also gain employment at the WV GIS Technical Center, in Brooks Hall.

All graduate students are required to complete 2 hours of Graduate Colloquium (GEOL 699) for graduation. The
graduate colloquium is taken by all grad students for 1 credit per semester during two different semesters.

All graduate students will normally have their progress reviewed after the 2nd and 4th semester of residence, as a
condition of continued financial support. Students must show demonstrated progress towards completion of
their degree in a timely fashion. Assessments will be done in coordination with the student, his/her graduate
committee, and the Geology Grad Program Committee and will be used in determining continuation of financial

Graduate students are not permitted to withdraw from classes unless they have permission from their advisor or
the Graduate Program Committee. Students interested in doing so must provide a written statement explaining
the rationale for the change.

The M.S. degree has two options with different course and research requirements. The prospective candidate
should choose an option no later than the beginning of the second semester in residence.

Option I is the traditional thesis model for research. The Thesis option is involves focused course work plus a
relatively open-ended research project, of broader scope than the Professional Studies project, with original
content and of approximately one-year duration. It requires fewer total courses although the course work must
be carefully chosen to serve the thesis needs. Students considering a future Ph.D. or seeking employment in
geological research are advised to choose this option.

Option I requires a minimum of 24 formal course credits plus 6 research credits (GEOL 697) and 2 hours of
Graduate Colloquium (GEOL 699) for graduation. A thesis based on original research is required. The thesis is
done under supervision of a Graduate Advisor and a Research Committee of three faculty including the Advisor.

The Option I student must write a proposal stating the research problem, methods, and time-line for their thesis,
and they must formally present this proposal to their research committee. For timely completion of the M.S.
degree, students are advised to submit their proposal by the end of their first year of residence.

Required to graduate: 24 credits from formal graded courses taught by at least five different faculty members,
plus at least 6 research credits (GEOL 697), plus 2 credits of GEOL 699 (Colloquium)


         The Professional Studies Option provides a non-thesis research opportunity for students in the WVU
Geology M.S. program. A project totaling at least 6 hours must be completed over two consecutive semesters
(or equivalent alternate timeframe), in addition to completion of at least 33 hours of formal graded (non-S/U)
graduate courses from at least 5 different graduate instructors. This M.S. degree option is designed to develop
problem-solving skills essential to a working geoscientist and simulates projects in which geoscientists must find
and report the answer to a well-defined question before an inflexible deadline. In contrast, the traditional M.S.
thesis option is comprised of more open-ended research with few fixed deadlines. The Professional Studies
Option is not recommended for students considering eventual doctoral research.
Specific goals of the Professional Studies problems courses are:
         1.        to gain experience in supervised investigation of a single topic or problem, in more depth than
                   a formal course permits;
         2.        to gain discipline and experience in meeting deadlines;
         3.        to gain experience in summarizing and presenting results in oral and written form; and
         4.        to provide solutions to well-defined problems of academic, societal, economic, or
                   environmental importance.

Each student must have sufficient background to solve the problem by the deadline, and, if not, steps should be
identified to provide this background. Sufficient resources must be available to solve the problem on schedule.
The problem design must not require more work than credit hours justify or deadlines permits.

Project Execution Steps

·              selection of an advisor
·              discussion of potential projects
·              identification of a topic, title, and scope
         SEMESTER ONE:
·              literature review
·              conceptualization and design
·              background data collection or compilation
·              proposal development, review and revision
·              presentation and successful defense of report
         SEMESTER TWO:
·              workplan execution, including fieldwork and new data collection

·                 analysis of results
·                 project report development, review and revision
·                 presentation and successful defense of report

When the report is completed, each full-time faculty member in the Geology Program will be notified by the
candidate using the departmental listserver (GEO-GEOLFACULTY@LISTSERV.WVU.EDU), to make them
aware. A pdf copy of the Final Report (including post-defense revisions) must be filed with the Department of
Geology and Geography with copies (printed or pdf, at their discretion) to each member of the Project
Committee. The final pdf document is submitted to and signed off by the Graduate Records Secretary in the
Department office, 330 Brooks (Hope Dennis).

Timelines and Deliverables

Students should enroll in GEOL 680: Directed Studies: Project Research for 1-5 credits during both Semester
One and Semester Two (or alternate timeframe) of project execution. Different credit numbers may be applied
summing to 6, but the project must be begun and completed in two consecutive semesters.

Semester One should be devoted to literature review, problem identification and definition, and research
proposal formulation, presentation, and defense. Semester Two (or alternate timeframe) will be devoted to
execution of the research plan, preparation of a final research report, and a successful public project defense.
The deliverables for Semester One include a complete workplan and proposal, approved by the student’s
committee. The proposal may be defended before the end of Semester One or, with permission from all the
Committee, within the first 2 weeks of Semester Two. Failure to comply with these deadlines will be basis for a
grade of “U” in GEOL 680 for Semester One.

The deliverables for Semester Two include a completed project report, approved by the student’s committee,
and a successful oral defense of the report. The defense must be completed before the end of Semester Two.
Failure to comply with these deadlines will be basis for a grade of “U” in GEOL 680 for Semester Two.
Alternate timeframes: Projects may be completed in two academic semesters; in one academic semester
followed by one summer; or in one summer followed by one academic semester. All projects must be done in
consecutive (back-to-back) academic terms, barring extreme unforeseen circumstances. Projects that are
substantially incomplete and followed by student non-residence for reasons of taking employment or personal
choice will result in a grade of Unsatisfactory (“U”) in GEOL 680 for that semester and the project will be
terminated without completion. Exceptions to this rule may be based on medical exigencies only, and must be
approved in appeal to the Graduate Program Committee, in conjunction with the student’s Advisor. Note that
for the purpose of deadlines, summer term (3 months) is equated to a semester (4.5 months) during which a
student takes formal classes.

To oversee the project, the student must identify a willing Advisor, who must be a Regular or Associate member
of the Graduate Faculty. This is normally done in the semester <before> Semester One, in order to allow
scheduling of GEOL 680 for Semester One. The student is also required to convene a Project Committee, in
consultation with his/her Advisor. Professional Studies M.S. project committees must consist of no fewer than
three members, at least one of whom must be a regular graduate faculty member. No more than one person may
be a non-graduate-faculty member, and a non-member cannot be chair (primary advisor).

The selection of a committee must be completed no later than the end of the first week of Semester One. The
student will at that time file a completed Research Plan with the Graduate Program Committee Advising Chair,
which will thereupon become attached to the student’s Study Plan.

Once formed, the student's Project Committee will take over the tasks of the student’s Advising Committee in
monitoring his/her academic progress, including submission/revision of the college Plan of Study. Grades in
GEOL 680 will be determined and administered by the advisor. Possible grades include “S” for satisfactory
completion of Semester One and Semester Two deliverables, or “U” for failure to deliver any of these in either
semester. A grade of “Incomplete” (“I”) will only be given for extraordinary circumstances truly beyond all
control of the student, and this grade must be based on successful appeal to the Graduate Program Committee in

conjunction with the advisor. If an “Incomplete” grade is approved, an Incomplete Contract must be filled out
by the student and advisor and filed in the Department Office.

The Project Advisor and Project Committee are responsible for monitoring/submitting all requirements for
graduation, including the shuttle sheet request and the shuttle sheet itself.

The minimum requirement for Option II is 33 formal for-grade course credits plus 6 project credits (GEOL 680)
and 2 hours of Graduate Colloquium (GEOL 699) for graduation. Project credits may be earned in conjunction
with off-campus experiences by consent of the candidate's project committee.

Required to graduate: 41 credits (33 course, 6 project, 2 colloquium) including courses taught by at least five
different faculty members.

New students are assigned to an Advising Committee with whom they develop a Plan of Study. Each student is
also assigned an Interim Advisor, one of the members of his/her Advising Committee. Advising Committees
meet in early Fall before the beginning of classes. After students establish a Thesis or Project Committee, that
committee will replace the Advising Committee and Interim Advisor in guiding the student’s Plan of Study.
Students must choose their research option and identify an Advisor (Thesis or Project) by the end of their first
year in residency.

The student will, under the direction of his/her Advisor and Advising Committee, draft a Plan of Study, to be
completed and filed by the end of the first week of classes. The M.S. Plan of Study identifies a two-year course
program as well as prospective research area(s) and advisor(s). The Plan of Study is a formal document, filed
with the College of Arts and Sciences; amendments may be made with approval of the student’s Advising or
Research Committee.

Option I requires 24 formal course credits; Option II requires 33 course credits. Research credits, undergraduate
course credits, and credits applied for other degrees, may not be included in this total. All course work applied
towards the degree must be at the graduate level (numbered 400 or higher). A maximum of 12 hours 400-level
for Option I and 16 hours for Option II can be applied towards degree requirements. Courses fulfilling
undergraduate deficiencies or prerequisites in Geology may not count towards the M.S. degree.

Relevant graduate-level (400, 500, 600, or 700 level) courses in Biology, Chemistry, Physics, Computer
Science, Mathematics, Engineering, Soil Sciences, Business, or Law may be taken as outside courses by
Geology graduate students, subject to approval by their graduate advising committee.

Students entering the Master's program must have completed or intend to complete the equivalents of all science
(geology, chemistry, physics) and mathematics (calculus, statistics) courses required for the Geology BS at
WVU. If a student did not take these courses formally, they will normally be required to make them up while at
WVU (deficiency). Specific undergraduate prerequisites include the following :

         GEOL 101,102: The Planet Earth (4 credits)
         GEOL 103,104: Earth Through Time (4 credits)
         GEOL 284: Mineralogy (3 credits)
         GEOL 285: Introductory Petrology (3 credits)
         GEOL 311: Stratigraphy and Sedimentation (3 credits)
         GEOL 341: Structural Geology (3 credits)
         GEOL 404: Geology Field Camp (6 credits)
         STAT 211 * (3 credits)
         Mathematics (6 credits)
                 MATH 115 and 116 OR
                 MATH 115 and Geomath (GEOL 351)
         Chemistry (6 credits): CHEM 111 and 112** OR CHEM 115 and 116**

         Physics (6 credits): PHYS 101 and 102*** OR PHYS 111 and 112***

         * May substitute STAT 531 or GEOL 659 with permission of instructor
         ** May substitute GEOL 488 with permission of instructor
         *** May substitute GEOL 454 or AGRN 430 with permission of instructor

Similar courses from other universities or relevant experiences may be substituted with approval of the student’s
Advising Committee.

To ensure that every student is exposed to a wide range of scientific problems and points of view, each M.S.
student must take courses applying to his/her graduate program from at least five different faculty members.
Courses used to make up undergrad deficiencies are excluded.

A graduate grade-point average of at least 3.0 must be maintained by Master's students in graduate coursework
(2.75 in all coursework) to continue their TA or RA appointment and to qualify for graduation. Full-time
students under financial support must normally maintain a minimum load of 12 hours each semester.


Ph.D. students are responsible for reviewing the specific doctoral degree requirements, including the payment of
necessary fees, found within the current electronic WVU Graduate Catalog. In the 2010-2012 catalog, this
section is on pages 32-33. This catalog is found on the WVU computer web site, at:


Students admitted to the Ph.D. program will have identified a prospective research area(s) and advisor(s) prior
to admission. Immediately on arriving on campus, the student will name a tentative advisor, who will convene
the student's assigned Advising Committee prior to the first week of classes. The student will, under the
direction of the Advisor and this committee, draft a Plan of Study, to be completed by the end of the second
week of classes and filed in both the student's file and with the Graduate Student Academic Advisor of the
Eberly College of Arts and Sciences (located at room 103 Woodburn Hall). The Plan of Study will identify a
preliminary dissertation topic, coursework, and areas of specialization for the Ph.D. candidate.


As stated in the WVU Graduate Catalog (see above), the Dissertation Committee for a Ph.D. student must
consist of at least five members, the majority of whom must have regular graduate faculty status. The committee
chairperson, who is the research advisor, must be a regular graduate faculty member and at least four members
of the committee must be members of the WVU graduate faculty. At least one member of the committee must
be from outside the WVU Department of Geology and Geography; this outside member, for example, may be
from another department at WVU or at another university or college. The Ph.D. committee should be approved
by the Eberly College as early as possible by submission of a Plan of Study listing the committee members’


With the exception of 2 hours of Geology 796 (1-credit Ph.D. Seminar) and 2 hours of Geology (Graduate
Colloquium), there is no formal course requirement for the Ph.D; however, Ph.D. students are required to
register for at least 1 course or research credit hour per semester, including during the semester they expect to
graduate; they are not required to register during the summer terms except if they graduate then. Also, foreign
(non U.S. citizen) students are required to maintain their Visa status in the U.S. Courses are to be selected by
the Ph.D. student in collaboration with his/her initial advising committee (if needed) and then with his/her
Dissertation Committee. The student should strive to finish coursework in the first 2 years of his/her program if
they are full-time residents at WVU. Ph.D. students are required to maintain a GPA in all formal graduate
courses of at least 3.3 to graduate.


Ph.D. students normally are required to spend at least one academic year (two semesters) in residence doing full-
time graduate studies at WVU. However, the WVU. Graduate Catalog (2010-2012) states that “an individual
student or graduate committee may propose an alternative plan by which the student can gain equivalent
educational experience. For example, the plan of study may require the student to spend time in residence at a
national or foreign laboratory, institute, archive, or research center as partial fulfillment of the residency
requirement." This means, for example, that Ph.D. students employed full time at a State agency such as the
West Virginia Geological and Economic Survey, or at a U.S. governmental agency, like DOE or OSM, could be
exempt from the residency requirement, with the permission of their Dissertation Committee.


Each student must enroll for GEOL 796, Ph.D. seminar, for 1 credit during 2 separate semesters. The Ph.D.
student is required to take his/her first GEOL 796 seminar during his/her first year of studies. The initial
seminar involves preparation and delivery of the written and oral presentation components of the Preliminary
Exam (see below). Preliminary exam preparation may be made by the student as part of the formal seminar or
may be undertaken as an informal effort by the student, if the Ph.D. seminar is not offered that year, under the
direction of his/her research advisor. The seminar will meet formally or informally, at the discretion of the
faculty seminar leader.


The purpose of the preliminary examination is to evaluate the student’s ability to perform fundamental skills
necessary for completion of a doctorate: (1) writing, (2) presenting, and (3) critical thinking. The student must
demonstrate their ability to evaluate existing literature and scientific ideas, and from that, to generate testable

The preliminary exam will be completed by the student at least 7 weeks prior to the end of his/her second
semester of studies, as part of the requirements for GEOL 796. See paragraph above below for exceptions to
this deadline. This exam must be advertised to the Department and public (for time, date, building and room
number) at least 1 week prior to the exam date by the student, by sending an E-mail announcement to all
Geology faculty and students, and. by posting at least 6 printed notices (with a font size of 20 or larger) of the
exam in places of frequent public access in Brooks Hall.

The preliminary exam will involve both written and oral presentations. These will be based on a critical
evaluation of two journal articles with alternative, contrasting, or competing interpretations. The evaluation will
provide the support and rationale for an hypothesis or hypotheses to be independently developed by the student.
These articles will be selected by the Geology Graduate Program Committee in conjunction with the student’s
advisor and the leader of the doctoral seminar for that year. The intent is for the articles to be within the
student’s general area of interest and, when possible, to facilitate the development of their doctoral proposal.

A written report (maximum 10 pages of text, doubled spaced, at least 10 point font) will accompany an oral
presentation of about 20-30 minutes. Subsequent to the talk, the student will be examined in closed session by a
Preliminary Committee of three faculty members: the student's tentative advisor plus two others assigned at
random by the Geology Graduate Program Committee. The exam (both written and oral) will be evaluated
based on the student’s clarity of thought and presentation, organizational ability, communication skills (oral and
written), ability to critically evaluate literature, and aptitude for developing a scientific hypothesis. It will not be
a test of comprehensive knowledge nor of geological background.


The student will present his/her formal dissertation research proposal by the end of their fourth semester of
studies. The student will circulate a publication-quality written proposal to committee members at least 2 weeks
in advance of the scheduled proposal date. This exam must be advertised at least 1 week prior by email to the
Department and by posting notices in Brooks Hall. Following the oral presentation, the student will respond to
questions from the general audience, and then from the student's Dissertation Committee. After the public
session, the Committee will meet with the student in closed session to examine the research plan, the feasibility
of the proposed goals, the practicality of the work plan/scope, and the appropriateness of the methodology. In
addition, the student will answer questions that demonstrate mastery of the general area of knowledge of his/her
dissertation research. In preparation for this examination the committee will provide the student with a list of the
relevant literature. The Dissertation Proposal and Oral Examination will be graded separately as pass/fail. In the
event the student failing either section, he/she will have the option of retaking it/them once, at a date established
by the Dissertation Committee. Even if the student passes the proposal, the committee may determine that
additional work is required to make it acceptable.

Students who began the Ph.D. program before this revision in the process are not required to “re-take”
milestones which they have already passed (e.g., preliminary exam, proposal defense). They may elect to either
continue their progress on the previous rules or switch to the rules in this document (revised August 2008).

Upon the successful completion of this exam the student becomes a Ph.D. Candidate.


Students who for reasons related to health, financial support, or other circumstances cannot meet any of these
deadlines may petition the Geology Graduate Program Committee in advance of the deadline for its
postponement. The request should indicate the circumstances, the proposed new deadline, and the student's
modified Plan of Study thereafter. The request must have the support of the student's Ph.D. advisor. Students are
reminded that postponement of deadlines may delay their graduation.


Ph.D. students have a maximum of 5 years following completion of their Proposal Exam and their advance to
candidacy, to complete their other degree requirements and graduate.


All exams will be judged as pass or fail, based on a closed vote of the respective committees. Passing votes
must be unanimous for the Prelim Committee test (3 out of 3), and unanimous or nearly unanimous (with only 1
dissenting vote allowed) for the Dissertation Committee tests (for the proposal and oral test, and the final
dissertation defense). One reexamination only is allowed for each exam or defense. Students retaking an exam
need to do that before any time deadlines stated for the original exam. Students must pass all examinations to
meet requirements for award of the Ph.D. degree.


The dissertation defense before the Dissertation Committee cannot occur until both the oral examination has
been passed and all other requirements for the degree have been met. Following preparation and circulation of
the final (defensible) draft of the dissertation, the student and his/her advisor will plan on a particular date,
place, and room for the dissertation defense meeting. Then they will obtain a shuttle-sheet application from
Graduate Student Academic Advisor for the Eberly College of Arts and Sciences, located in 103 Woodburn
Hall. The student will then obtain shuttle-sheet application approval signatures of all Dissertation Committee
members for scheduling the defense, and will then deliver the shuttle-sheet application to the College Graduate
Student Academic Advisor. The student must provide the dissertation defense draft to all Committee members
at least 2 weeks prior to obtaining shuttle-sheet application signatures (unless this rule is waived by all members
of the Committee). The dissertation defense is to be scheduled no sooner than 2 weeks following shuttle sheet
approval by the College Graduate Student Academic Advisor. This defense exam must be advertised to the
Department and public (including time, date, building and room number) at least 1 week prior to the exam date
by the student, by by sending an E-mail announcement to all Geology faculty and students, and. by posting at
least 6 printed notices (with a font size of 20 or larger) of the exam in places of frequent public access in Brooks

The oral defense presentation by the student will normally last 30 to 60 minutes, outlining highlights of research
results. After the presentation, the student will respond to questions from the general audience and then to
questions from the Dissertation Committee, pertaining to the research results and the defensibility of the
conclusions drawn. Upon completion of the defense, a shuttle sheet (which will have been prepared by the
College Graduate Student Academic Advisor on the basis of the shuttle sheet application and mailed to the
student's advisor) will be signed and completed by the Dissertation Committee and returned by the student to the
College Graduate Student Academic Advisor within 24 hours after the defense.

Following the dissertation defense, final revisions of the dissertation will be made by the student according to
committee comments. After final approval by all Dissertation Committee members, the dissertation is to be
submitted on a computer line to the WVU Charles C. Wise Jr. Library, Archive Section, as an Electronic ETD
PDF copy. Also to be submitted to the Wise Library is a completed ETD submission packet with original Ph.D.
Dissertation Committee signatures and payment for required fees. See the following library web site for
information on dissertation submission instructions:

The Completed Plan of Study is then prepared by the student's advisor, allowing award of the degree, and this is
to be filed with the College Graduate Student Academic Advisor (103 Woodburn Hall). It is required that the
Ph.D. student also prepare and deliver two hard (book) copies of his/her dissertation, one to his/her research
advisor, and one to the Department of Geology and Geography Library (which is in room 330 Brooks Hall).
Other Ph.D. Committee members must also be provided a dissertation copy (in a format of their choosing) if
they request it.


     Requirement                  Purpose                     Format          Evaluated By        Task Deadlines

File Plan of Study      Outline program goals,          Advisory              Advisor           2 weeks into Year
                        courses, potential              Committee product                       1, first semester of
                        advisor(s)                                                              studies

Ph.D. Seminar (to be    Develop Research Acumen         Seminar/              Faculty leader    First seminar taken
taken twice)                                            Colloquium                              in 1st year of

Preliminary Exam        Test communication/             Preparation of        Preliminary       By 7 weeks before
                        reasoning ability               written paper, with   Committee of      end of 2nd
                                                        oral presentation     3 faculty,        semester of studies
                                                        and defense           selected by the

Formulate Research      Start dissertation research,    File Research Plan    Advisor           By end of Year 1
Plan; Assemble          initiate search for funding                                             of studies
Research Committee

Dissertation Proposal   Present detailed research       Written proposal;     Dissertation      By end of Year 2
and Oral Candidacy      goals and methods; Test         oral presentation     Committee         of studies, normally
Exam                    background knowledge            and defense

Dissertation Defense    Present research results        Oral presentation     Dissertation      By 5 years after
                                                        and defense           Committee         successful
                                                                                                completion of Oral

GEOL/GEOG 452: GIS Applications. I. 3 hr. (PR: GEOG 200 and GEOG 250) Operational and management
       issues in planning management analysis, locational decision making, and design implementation of
       GIS. Lab project emphasizes student’s specialization (2 hr. lec, 2 hr lab; alternate years)

GEOL 454: Environ. & Exploration Geophysics 1. I. 3 hr. PR: PHYS 102, and either MATH 156 or GEOL 351.
        Basic theory, computer modeling, and use of gravitational, magnetic, resistivity, and electromagnetic
        methods in the evaluation of shallow targets of interest to environmental, hydrological, and
        hazardous waste site investigations.

GEOL/GEOG 455: Introduction to Remote Sensing. II. 3 hr. Theory, technology and applications of photo-
       interpretation and digital image analysis of aerial photography and multispectral images. (2 hr lec.,1
       hr lab)

GEOL 462: Introductory Hydrogeology. I. 3 hr. PR: GEOL 101, 102 or GEOL 110, 111; Math 126; Chem
        110, 111 or Chem 115, 116; or consent. Introductory ground-water hydrology, emphasizing
        hydrologic budgets, stream and ground-water interactions, vadose-zone hydrology, water well
        geologic siting, and ground-water chemistry, pollution and restoration. Includes problem sets.

GEOL 463: Physical Hydrogeology. II. 3 hr. PR: GEOL 101, 102, or GEOL 110, 111; MATH 126, or consent.
        Principles of ground-water hydrology, emphasizing the occurrence and movement of ground water.
        Topics include aquifer properties, Darcy’s law, flow net analysis, and hydraulic aquifer testing.
        Includes problem sets.

GEOL 472: Petroleum Geology. II. 3 hr. PR: GEOL 341. Origin, geologic distribution, methods of
        exploration and exploitation, uses and future reserves of petroleum and natural gas in the world.

GEOL 479: Reading the Rocks. I. 3 hr. Develop expertise and knowledge of subsurface techniques to better
        understand rocks and fluids.

GEOL 484: Minerals and the Environment. II. 3 hr. PR: Geol. 284 or 200. Study of the importance of minerals
        in human health and the environment. Includes examples of environmental problems that are caused
        by minerals and solutions to environmental problems that involve minerals.

GEOL 488: Environmental Geochemistry. I. 3 hr. PR: Chem 116. Basic review of physical and aqueous
        chemistry, discussion of basic geochemical processes; calcium carbonate chemistry, diagenetic
        processes, weathering, the silicate and iron system.

GEOL 493: Rivers, Floods, and Landslides. I. 3 hr. PR: GEOL 101 or 110, or Geog 107 or 110, or consent.
        Introduction to principles of stream flow and sediment transport in watersheds, focusing on fluvial
        geomorphology’s impact on society and ecosystems. Weekend field trips required.

GEOL 493: Introduction to Stable Isotope Biogeochemistry. I. 3hr. PR CHEM112 or 116 and 9 credit hours of
        upper division science courses. Isotope systematics of lighter elements i.e. oxygen, hydrogen, carbon
        and nitrogen; use of the stable isotopes in understanding hydrological cycle, biogeochemical cycling
        of carbon and nitrogen, reconstructing paleoclimate, ecology and forensics. Laboratory exercises will
        provide hands-on training in stable isotope measurement techniques.

GEOL 510: Computer Aided Subsurface Interpretation. II 3 Hrs. PR: GEOL 311 and GEOL 341. Develop
        subsurface interpretations from integrated geological, geophysical and engineering databases in a
        computer workstation environment. Construct maps and 3D visualizations of subsurface structure,

           seismic horizons, layer properties, etc., for prospect location and subsurface assessment

GEOL 525: Problems in Geomorphology. I, II. 1-4 hr.

GEOL 543: Tectonics. II. 3 hr. (Alternate years). PR: GEOL 341 and 311. Study of the plate tectonic processes
        that shape the earth's crust, and of large-scale intraplate deformation. Taught on alternate years.

GEOL 554: Environmental and Exploration Geophysics 2. I. 3 hr. PR: PHYS 102, and either MATH 116 or
        GEOL 351, or consent. Basic and applied studies of reflection and refraction seismology and ground
        penetrating radar methods will be covered with an emphasis on the use of computers in modeling and
        interpretation of seismic data.

GEOL 562: Quantitative Hydrogeology. II. 3 hr. PR: MATH 16, GEOL 463 or permission. Mathematical and
        computer analysis of groundwater flow. Aquifer systems. Radial-flow solutions. Well/aquifer test
        methods. Superposition, boundaries. Dispersive/advective transport.

GEOL 564: Environmental Hydrogeology. II. 4 hr. PR: GEOL 101, 102, 463, or 493A; or consent. Seminar
        reviewing groundwater occurrence, flow, quality, and exploration in various geologic terrains;
        groundwater pollution and dewatering; and groundwater technology. Includes topical literature
        review, student seminar talks, class discussion, and problem sets.

GEOL 565: Groundwater Modeling. I. 4 hr. PR: GEOL 562 or consent. Theory and application of groundwater
        flow modeling, focusing on MODFLOW. Numerical methods. Discretization and boundaries.
        Parameterization and calibration. Problems and case histories.

GEOL 580: Organic Contaminant Geochemistry II (Alternate years). 3 hrs. PR: CHEM 111-112 or equivalent to
        one-year of general college chemistry. This course focuses on fundamental chemical properties and
        structures of organic contaminants that control their functionality, fate, and transport in the
        environment. Natural organic matter and inorganic phases are discussed relative to contaminant

GEOL 585: Optical Mineralogy and Petrology. II. 3 hr. PR: GEOL 285. Introduction to the optical properties
        of minerals and the use of the petrographic microscope. Interpretation of sedimentary, igneous and
        metamorphic rocks based on microscopic examination of thin sections.

GEOL 588: Aqueous Geochemistry. I. 3 hr. PR: GEOL 101, CHEM 111 or 116, or consent. Review of basic
        chemical principles as they apply to aqueous geochemical environments. Properties of water and the
        types, sources and controls of the common and environmentally significant chemical species
        dissolved in water.

GEOL 591 Advanced Topics. I or II. 1-6 hrs. Courses not having formal number and readings courses.

GEOL 591: Applied Geochemistry. II. (Alternate years). 3 hrs. PR: GEOL 488, GEOL 588 or equivalent.
      This course provides an opportunity for students to collect and use geochemical data to interpret
      natural systems. This class is a hands-on learning experience that incorporates reading, lab work,
      project planning, and presentation. Students will learn laboratory safety, develop sampling and
      analysis skills, and present their data and interpretation in oral and written forms.

GEOL 591: Advanced Paleontology. On demand. 3 hr. PR: GEOL 331.

GEOL 591: Reservoir Characterization. II. 3 hrs. Class will use subsurface data and techniques to characterize a
        petroleum reservoir. Work with petroleum engineers to present a recommendation to the operating
        company for improved management.

GEOL 591Q: 3D Seismic Visualization & Interpretation. 3D seismic data visualization and interpretation, with

           emphasis on seismic expression and visualization of subsurface geology.

GEOL591M: Seismic Attributes for Subsurface Characterization. Reflection seismic signal attributes, with
       emphasis on applications to structure, facies, and reservoir characterization.

GEOL593: Imperial Barrel Competition. Students participate in the AAPG Imperial Barrel competition where
        university teams analyze real-world data, evaluate a hydrocarbon basin, and recommend action. May
        require travel to Houston or other locations.

GEOL 611: Carbonate Sedimentology. (on demand). 4 hr. PR: GEOL 311, 331. Seminar on the origin and
        distribution of modern marine carbonate sediments as models for interpretation of ancient limestone
        and dolomite facies.

GEOL 615: Stratigraphy of Porous Media. (on demand). 3 hr. PR: GEOL 311. Seminar on the deposition of
        clastic sediments, sequence stratigraphy, and porosity development in sandstones.

GEOL 619: Advanced Petroleum Geology. (on demand). 3 hr. PR: GEOL 311, Chem 112/116. Source rocks,
        maturation, primary and secondary migration, reservoir rocks.

GEOL 621: Advanced Fluvial Geomorphology. I. 4 hr. PR: GEOL321 or consent. Analysis of stream processes,
        landforms, deposits, including paleohydrology and Appalachian surficial geology. (Fall semester of
        even-numbered years; required weekend field trips at student's expense; also listed as GEOG 621.)

GEOL 622: Surficial and Glacial Geology. I. 4 hr. PR: GEOL 321 or consent; also listed as GEOG 322).
        Analysis of late Cenozoic landscapes, especially those caused by glaciers or otherwise influenced by
        global climate change. (Fall semester of odd-numbered years; required weekend field trips)

GEOL 632: Paleoecology. II. 3 hr. PR: Geol. 331 and 311 or consent. Methods of paleoecologic analysis in
        sedimentary geology. Topics include trace fossil analysis, shell biogeochemistry, community
        paleoecology, biofacies analysis of basins, and Precambrian paleoecology.

GEOL 635: Sedimentary Petrology. Study of the origin and diagenetic history of clastic rocks.

GEOL 645: Basin Structures. II. 4 hr. (Alternate years). PR: Geol. 341, 311. Seminar on the origin of basins
        and their distribution around the world. With emphasis on the geodynamic process of basin
        formation, the structures within basins, and the occurrence of hydrocarbons and mineral resources.

GEOL 655: Remote Sensing Principles. Mapping of earth features using aerial and satellite-borne sensors,
        image enhancement, geo-referencing, and classification. (Also listed as Geog 655) (2 hr lect., 1 hr

GEOL 659: Quantitative Methods in Geoscience. I. 3 hr. PR: Stat. 212, 311, or consent. Brief review and
        introduction to multivariate quantitative techniques as applied to Geology and Geography.

GEOL 666: Karst Geology. I. 3 hr. PR: consent. Review of karst terrain hydrogeology and geomorphology,
        emphasizing origins and nature of caves, sinkholes and other karst landforms, environmental
        problems of karst, and its water and mineral/petroleum resources.

GEOL 680: Master's Option II Project Research. I, II, S. 1-5 hr. Supervised non-thesis research for M.S. Option
        2. Deliverables required by arranged deadline.

GEOL 687: Physical Geochemistry. I. 3 hr. PR: GEOL 101, 285; CHEM 116. Introduction to
        thermodynamics and its application to geologic systems. Equilibrium calculations involving pure
        phases and solutions in the gaseous, liquid and solid states.

GEOG 694 Remote sensing applications. II. PR: 3 hr. Geog/GEOL 455, or consent. Overview of remote
        sensing applications including geology, soils, planetary geology, forestry, urban mapping, etc.

GEOL 697: Research. I, II, S. 1-15 hr. Research activity leading to an M.S. thesis.

GEOL 698: Thesis. I, II, S. 2-4 hr.

GEOL 699: Graduate Colloquium. I, II, 1 hr. Attendance at the Geology Colloquium. A satisfactory grade
        requires attendance of 80% or better.

GEOL/GEOG 755: Advanced Remote Sensing. II. 3 hr. PR: GEOG 455, GEOL 455, or consent. Collection,
       processing and classification of remotely sensed data, including optical, thermal, radar, and
       topographic information. (2 hr. lec., 1 hr. lab)

GEOL 796: Ph.D. Seminar. I, II, 1 hr. Preparation and delivery of the written and oral presentation components
        of the Preliminary Exam. The seminar will meet formally or informally, at the discretion of the
        faculty seminar leader.

GEOL 798: Ph.D. Dissertation Research. I, II, S. 2-4 hr.

                                      FACULTY VITAE

Name/Contact information               Specialization                 Background

                                       Geomorphology, Earth           Ph.D., Ohio State, 1971
ROBERT E. BEHLING                      Science Education              M.S., Miami (Ohio), 1965
Professor of Geology                                                  B.S., Wisconsin-Milwaukee,

                                       Petroleum Geology              Ph.D. Wisconsin, 1981
TIMOTHY R. CARR                                                       M.S., Texas Tech, 1977
                                                                      B.S., Wisconsin, 1973
Marshall Miller Energy Professor of

                                       Hydrogeology. Mining           Ph.D. Penn State, 1992
JOSEPH J. DONOVAN                      hydrogeology.                  M.Sc. McGill, 1977
Professor of Geology                   Paleohydrology of              B.S. Penn State, 1974
                                       groundwater in saline lakes.

                                       geophysics, 3-D seismic        Ph.D., Duke 1997
DENGLIANG GAO                                                         M.S., WVU, 1994
Associate Professor of Geology                                        B.S., Hefei, 1983

                                       Paleontology,                  Ph.D., Indiana, 1982
THOMAS W. KAMMER                       Paleoecology, Stratigraphy     M.A., Indiana, 1978
Centennial Professor of Geology                                       B.S., Kent State, 1975

                                 FACULTY VITAE

Name/Contact information          Specialization               Background
                                  Quaternary Geology,          Ph.D., Wisconsin, 1983
J. STEVEN KITE                    Surficial Geology, Fluvial   M.S., Maine, 1979
Associate Professor of Geology    Geomorphology, Slope         B.S., James Madison, 1976
and Geography                     Processes, Floods;
Chair, Geology and Geography      Paleoflood Hydrology;
                                  Geoarcheology; Stream                     Restoration

                                  Mineralogy, metamorphic      Ph.D., Oregon, 1983
HELEN M. LANG                     petrology, thermodynamic     B.S., Washington 1977
Associate Professor of Geology    geochemistry, minerals and   B.A., Willamette, 1969
Associate Chair for Geology       the environment.

                                  Hydrogeology, Aqueous        Ph.D., Penn State, 1972
HENRY W. RAUCH                    Geochemistry, Karst          BA, Alfred, 1965
Professor of Geology              Geology

                                  Coal Geology,                Ph.D., WVU, 1965
JOHN J. RENTON                    Geochemistry, Earth          M.S., WVU, 1959
Eberly Family Distinguished       Science Education            BS, Waynesburg, 1956
Professor of Geology
                                                               2000 Eberly College of Arts and                                                Sciences Teacher of the Year                                       Award ; 2001 WVU Foundation
                                                               Award for Outstanding
                                                               Teaching; 2001 CASE
                                                               Professor of the Year

                                 FACULTY VITAE

Name/Contact information          Specialization               Background
                                  Stable Isotopes, Water and   Ph.D., 1998, Lucknow (India)
SHIKHA SHARMA                     Energy Resources,            M.S., 1993, Lucknow (India)
Assistant Professor of Geology    Biogeochemistry
                                  Sedimentation and            Ph.D., Illinois, 1973
RICHARD SMOSNA                    Stratigraphy; Petroleum      M.S., Illinois, 1970
Professor of Geology              Geology                      BS, Michigan State, 1967                                                Outstanding Teacher, WVU                                       College of Arts & Sciences,
                                                               1985, 1993.

                                  Structural Geology,          Ph.D. Stanford, 1998
JAIME TORO                        Tectonics, and Petroleum     M.Sc. Univ. of Arizona,1991
Associate Professor of Geology    Geology.                     B.S. Yale, 1985                                                  Outstanding Teacher, WVU                                         College of Arts & Sciences,

                                  Aqueous geochemistry,        Ph.D., Penn State, 2002
DOROTHY J. VESPER                 trace elements, karst,       M.S. Penn State, 1988
Associate Professor of Geology    contaminant chemistry,       B.S. Juniata College, 1986

                                  Remote Sensing               Ph.D., Purdue, 1992
TIMOTHY A. WARNER                                              BS (Hon.) Cape Town, 1982
Professor of Geology and                                       BS Cape Town, 1981
                                                               Outstanding Teacher, WVU                                        College of Arts & Sciences,                                       1999

                                 FACULTY VITAE

Name/Contact information          Specialization                 Background
                                  Sedimentation, stratigraphy,   Ph.D., Stanford, 2006
AMY WEISLOGEL                     sedimentary petrology          M.S., New Mexico State, 2001
                                                                 B.S, 1998, Allegheny College
Assistant Professor of Geology
                                  Geophysics                     Ph.D., WVU, 1980
THOMAS H. WILSON                                                 M.S., WVU, Physics, 1980
Professor of Geology


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