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AP EUROPEAN HISTORY THEMATIC REVIEW USING FRQ

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					        AP EUROPEAN HISTORY THEMATIC REVIEW USING FRQ
                   1453-1555, 1555-1648, 1648-1750, 1750-1848, 1848-1914, 1914-1933


INSTRUCTIONS: You must outline 8-10 specific pieces of evidence that assist you in answering
each of the below questions and write an analytical, comprehensive thesis answering the
question. You should find your own notes, class notes, handouts, and the Princeton Review
text very helpful in reviewing and formulating answers to these questions.

1350-1450

1.      To what extent were the medieval monarchs of England, France and Germany able to
consolidate their power by the later 1400’s? What methods did the kings employ to bolster
their rule? In particular, how did they manage to increase their sources of revenue?

1453-1555

1.     Although the term “Renaissance” is misleading, the modern world began with
Renaissance secularism and individualism. Assess the validity of this statement.

2.     Calvin’s doctrines were a radical departure from those of both the Catholic Church and
Lutheranism. Evaluate this statement.

1555-1648

1.     By the end of the seventeenth centuries, what political conditions accounted for the
increased power of the parliament in England and the monarchy in France?

2.     Compare and contrast the contributions to the development of modern science of
Bacon and Descartes with those of Copernicus and Galileo.

3.      Discuss the religious policies of Henry VIII and Elizabeth I in England. How were they,
unlike France or Germany, able to avoid the outbreak of religious civil war?

1648-1750

1.     By 1700, it had become evidence that Western Europe and Eastern Europe were moving
in opposite directions in terms of their basic social structures. Explain.

2.      Compare and contrast the views of Machiavelli and Rousseau on human nature and the
relationship between the government and the governed.

3.    The Enlightened despots were more despotic than enlightened. Defend or refute this
statement with reference to the characteristic beliefs of the Enlightenment and Absolutism.

4.     Explain how the replacement of the open field system by the enclosure movement
increased agricultural productivity in 18th century Europe.
        AP EUROPEAN HISTORY THEMATIC REVIEW USING FRQ
                   1453-1555, 1555-1648, 1648-1750, 1750-1848, 1848-1914, 1914-1933


1750-1848

1.     Compare and contrast the stages of the French Revolution.

2.    “Had the monarchy been able to solve the immemorial problem of supplying cheap and
abundant food to urban centers, the Third Estate would have been easily crushed in 1789.”
Defend or refute this statement.

3.   To what extent and in what ways was the light of Adam Smith’s economic optimism
dimmed by the “dismal science” of Thomas Malthus and David Ricardo?

4.     “It is no accident that the Industrial Revolution occurred in late 18th century England.”
Assess the validity of this statement.

5.     Explain how Marx’s theories offer both a reason for, and a solution to, mass poverty in
the industrialized world.

1848-1914

1.      Compare and contrast the responses to industrialism by liberals, conservatives, and
socialists.

2.     Contrast New Imperialism with Old Imperialism (see question 4, 1453-1550).

1914-1933

1.    “Each of the belligerents in Europe was responsible for the outbreak of World War I.”
Defend or refute this statement.

2.     Compare and contrast different forms of artistic expression during the Age of Anxiety.

3.     “Every successful revolution puts on in time the robes of the tyrant it has deposed.”
Evaluate this statement with regard to the English Revolution (1640-1660), the French
Revolution (1789-1815), and the Russian Revolution (1917-1930).

				
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