The Aeneid in Pictures

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					The Aeneid in
Virgil Reciting Aeneid
The Prologue to
  The Aeneid
Model of Troy
Venus and Anchises
Aeneas Entrusted to Nymphs
Helen and Paris
Hector Reproaches Paris
The Rape of Cassandra
The Wanderings of Aeneas
                                        BOOK 1
•   Trojans Arrive at Carthage: "A Fateful Haven" "I sing of warfare and a man at war" (1)
    Juno angry at Trojans (9-130)
    Trojans in waters off Sicily (50)
    Juno appeals to Aeolus: "Blow the Trojans off course" (90)
    We meet Aeneas (131) [In Latin text line 70].
    Neptune (Poseidon) saves Aeneas (193) [Latin text line 127]
    Great Simile: rioting city/calming the waters (201)
    Aeneas lands on coast of Africa (234) [Latin text 154]
    Aeneas hunts deer (252)
    Venus (Aphrodite) appeals to Jupiter (Zeus):
    protect my child Aeneas (312) [Latin text line 210].
    Jupiter reassures V. your Aeneas' fate is sealed, no change (347)
    Jupiter enumerates Aeneas Roman fate (348-410)
    Aeneas explores the coast of Africa (411)
    meets his mother Venus disguised (425)
    Aeneas and companions go into Carthage disguised (563)
    Aeneas sees the art of Carthage with story of Troy (616)
    Dido welcomes Trojans (762) [Latin text line 539].
    Aeneas appears before Dido (799)
    Venus sends Cupid/inflame Dido with love (895) Latin 650
    Dido asks Aeneas: tell your story (1027)
First 11 Lines, Dactylic Hexameter Scanned
Judgment of Paris
The Trojan Paris
        Neptune Calms the Tempest
“Hey, you winds get back where you belong!”
Aeneas arrives at Carthage
“These people work like bees!”
Venus Disguised as Huntress
Banquet with Dido
                            Book II
    Aeneas Tells of Fall of Troy: "How They Took the City"

• Aeneas tells his story: "Sorrow too deep to tell..." (1)
  The Trojan Horse (21) [Latin line 15]
  beware of Greeks bearing gifts
  Sinon's treachery (96)
  death of Laocoön (275) [Latin line 200]
  Hector appears to Aeneas in dream (360)
  Aeneas recounts fate of Priam (659) [Latin 505]
  Aeneas meets Helen (741) [Latin 565]
  Great Simile: fall of Troy and ash tree (816)
  Aeneas and his father Anchises (826) [Latin 630]
  Aeneas and wife Creusa (880)
  Aeneas escapes Troy (960)
  Trojan refugees gather together (1035)
Venus sends Cupid to Dido
Dido Meets Ascanius
Banquet with Dido at her Palace
Aeneas Relates his Story to Dido
Sinon is Captured by Trojans
“Oh, the Lies, Sinon”
The Fate of Laocoon & Sons
Laocoon and Sons
return from
Hector Appears to Aeneas in a
  Dream: “Save Yourself!”
Death of Priam at the hand of Pyrrhus
Nunc Morere! (Now Die!)
Creusa and
her Family
Aeneas gets the Household Gods
         from Creusa
Creusa tries to Restrain Aeneas
Trojans Head to the Shrine of
Aeneas Gets his Family
 holds the
Anchises, if
you hadn’t
  have to
 carry you!
City in Flames
You follow behind, Woman
  if you
keep on
going to
get lost!”
“Oh, Father,
 you are so
where are
Gee, she
was right
Trojan Refugees at the Shore
                         Book III
  Aeneas Continues His Story: "Sea Wanderings and Strange

• Proud Ilium lay smoking in the earth (1)
  Trojans build a fleet (8)
  Aeneas meets Polydorus (63)
  Aeneas at Delos (100)
  Aeneas at Crete (183)
  At Strophadës with the Harpies (291) [Latin 210]
  Trojans at Actium (scene of Octavian's triumph over Mark Antony)
  notice Virgil attaches story to important Roman history
  Games of Ilium: "The men, all naked, slippery with oil" (378)
  Aeneas with Andromache who has survived the war (420) [Latin 310]
  Aeneas bids farewell to Andromache & Helenus (654) [Latin 486]
  Aeneas arrives in Sicily (758)
  Meet Achaemenides, story of Polyphemus (812)
  Death of Aeneas' father Anchises (938) [Latin 708]
  Trojans arrive on Carthaginian shore (948)
Polydorus at
The Tomb of Polydorus
The Trojans sail from Delos
The Myth of Europa and the Bull at Crete
          Penates to Aeneas
“Leave Crete, It’s not the Destined Land!”
Aeneas Encounters
 the Harpies in the
Strophades Islands
Aeneas finds Andromache and the
Trojan Priest Helenus at Chaonia

     Andromache trying to protect Astyanax at Troy
 Death of
Astyanax as
he is Hurled
 Over the
Wall of Troy
Prophet Helenus says: “Look for a Snow White Sow with
                  30 Suckling Pigs.”
The Cyclopes
  at Sicily
Aeneas and Followers Flee
                                   Book IV
             The Romance of Aeneas and Dido: "Passion of the Queen"
•   Queen Dido in Love
    "the manhood of the man, his pride of birth,
    came home to her time and again, his looks...." (4)
    Dido talks with sister Anna
    Great Simile: Dido like a doe (95) [Latin 69]
    Dido mad with love, embraces his empty couch (115) [Latin 83]
    This is the most powerful depiction of sexual passion in Western literature to this
    date, a model for all Medieval evocations of the subject, every Medieval poet
    who writes about power of passion knows Book IV of Aeneid)
    Dido neglects the governing of Carthage (121)
    Juno and Venus confer (131)
    Dido takes Aeneas on hunt (168) [Latin 119]
    The storm (221) Latin 160
    Dido and Aeneas in the cave (226) [Latin 165]
    "torches of lightning blazed" (230)
    "prisoners of lust" (265) [Latin 194]
    (another trans. "enthralled by shameless passion')
    Mercury goes to Aeneas, remind him of his duty (325)
    Aeneas stirred by words, decides to leave (380)
    Dido confronts Aeneas: "False one!“ (exact Latin) (417-18) [Latin 305]
    Aeneas: "Married? Who said anything about marriage?" (468)
    Think of the incredible ever-contemporary quality of this male-female exchange.
    First sex then discuss marriage and the guy says: "Who said anything about
    marriage" and you begin to understand why everyone considers Virgil one of
    "us" in a way Homer is not.
    Aeneas leaves (795) [Latin 573]
    Dido dies for love (906) [Latin 652]
Dido Makes Sacrifice to the gods
Dido Shows Carthage to Aeneas
Scenes from the Year spent
         with Dido
Aeneas and Achates Building Carthage
Aeneas and Dido in their “Marriage Cave”
A False Marriage
Dido and Aeneas
Dido Burns with Love for Aeneas
Dido, Aeneas, Ascanius, Anna
Mercury Calls
 on Aeneas
Dido confronts Aeneas and Begs Him to Stay
Dido Watching Aeneas Leave
Dido Abandoned
Dido Prepares for Suicide
Dido Commits Suicide
The People of
 Lament the
Death of Dido
                      Book V
      The Funeral Games of Anchises: "Games and

• Book V is an interlude between hot Book IV &
  important Book VI
  Virgil uses funeral games exactly as Homer had
  Aeneas sees flames of Carthage from his ship (5)
  Trojans put in to Sicily
  King Alcestes greets them
  Trojans stage funeral games on one year
  anniversary of death of Anchises
  Trojans embark for Italy
Farewell to Dido
Aeneas has Left Carthage
Funeral Games
 for Anchises at
Drepanum, Sicily
The Boxing Contest
The Last Four Ships, Rebuilt after the Trojan
         Women Burned the Rest.
   Aeneas and Acestes
The New City Will Be Acesta
Aeneas and Men Sail Past Scylla and Charybdis
Venus Makes a Deal with Neptune; Neptune will
only Take one More Life... Hmmm, How about ...
                                      Book VI
               Aeneas' Journey to the Underworld: "The World Below"
•   Book VI is most important in the whole of the Aeneid.
    It is the keystone of structure both literary and philosophical.
    Book VI holds past and future together in Aeneid.
    It depicts the transformation of Aeneas:
    from inconstant earthbound boy to history-making man.
    The last of the Trojans is reborn as the first of the Romans.
    It is based on Book XI of Odyssey where Odysseus journeys to underworld.
    It is also the most influential book in any classical work of literature.
    Its evocation of the underworld determines all later renditions.
    Most important: it gives Dante the model for his Divine Comedy.
    Trojans arrive in Italy (1)
    Aeneas goes to Sanctuary of Apollo (15)
    Aeneas consults the Sibyl (prophetress) Deiphobe
    Aeneas addresses Apollo (92)
    Sibyl prophesy: "wars ahead" (132)
    Aeneas follows Sibyl's orders, goes to cavern (331)
    Earth opens, Aeneas descends into underworld (351)
    Aeneas and Charon (409) [Latin 300]
    Charon rows Aeneas and Sibyl across Acheron (520)
    Aeneas meets Dido (GREAT SCENE) (450) Latin 606
    ideas of punishment in underworld (753) [Latin 560]
    Aeneas comes to the Elysian Fields (853) [Latin 637]
    Aeneas meets his father Anchises (918)
    Anchises explains the Virgilian Metaphysic (73 ) [Latin 724]
    The Prophecy of Anchises: Roman History (1014)
    Aeneas returns to earth, joins men, re launches ships (1219)
Passage to the Sibyl’s Cave
Descent to the Underworld
                                    Book VII
             The Trojans Settle in Latium: "Juno Served by a Fury"

•   This Book begins the second half of the Aeneid.
    Virgil signals this invoking the Muses again line 47 as did in this
    another beginning. First six books modeled on the Odyssey; second half on Iliad.
    Now that Trojans arrive in Italy Virgil (an Italian who loves his country-see
    Georgics/Eclogues) can now use all his skill to describe the beautiful Italian
    countryside. Latium where they arrive is of course the area of Italy (now called
    Lazio) where the Romans will build the beginnings of Rome, thus King Latinus is
    early ancestor of the later Romans.
    "Be with me, Muse of all Desire, Erato, while I call up the kings, the early
    times,..." (40)
    King Latinus (60)
    Trojans pause on riverside, share meal (139)
    Aeneas remembers father's prophecy (155)
    "Here is our home." (160)
    Aeneas sends ambassadors to Latium (203)
    Trojan Ilioneus speaks at Latin court (282)
    Juno intervenes to provoke war (388)
    Juno's agent (Allecto) inflames Queen Amata against Trojans (467)
•   Juno's agent inflames Turnus against the Trojans (580)
    Ascanius hunting kills tame stag of Tyrrhus (Latinus' herdsman) (654)
    Provoke war between Latins and Trojans
    The Gates of the Temple of Janus (827)
    Juno blasts open the Gates (for war) (851)
    Vigil enumerates Latin allies gathering for war (880+)
                           Book VIII
            Alliance with Evander: "Arcadian Allies"
• Aeneas, worried about gathering clouds of war
  Aeneas lays down and receives godly advice: seek
  out King Evander
  Evander King of Pallentum, Greeks from Arcadia
  Aeneas meets Evander (138)
  Evander welcomes Aeneas (208)
  Venus worried about Aeneas goes to Vulcan
  Venus asks Vulcan make armor for Aeneas (491)
  THE ARMOR OF AENEAS: History of Italy (557)
  [Latin 425]
  compare Armor of Aeneas to Shield of Achilles,
  Iliad, Book XVIII
  compare scenes and subjects presented.
                                    Book IX
         The Latins Attack the Trojans: "A Night Sortie, A Day Assault"

•    While Aeneas away the Latins led by Turnus attack the
    Turnus dominates the book.
    Turnus resembles the heroes of the Iliad.
    The whole book is a book of battle resembling the Iliad.
    Nisus-Euryalus resembles night patrol of Odysseus and
    Diomedes in Book X of Iliad.
    Books IX, X, XI are almost exclusively battle books and
    since Virgil never experienced battle (as one can assume
    Homer did) he fails to endow these three books with all the
    excitement of some of the other books. He includes them
    since he is openly choosing the Homeric work as his model
    and therefore must include battles, but one can see that his
    pacifist heart isn’t in them. They lack the spark and
    originality of Book IV or Book VI. ( He obviously DID know
    something about love, sex and death.)
                           Book X
         The Battle Continues: "The Death of Princes"

• Book X opens with a Council of the Gods (1)
  Jupiter (Zeus) orders other Gods to stay out of
  the battle (141)
  The Trojans besieged
  Aeneas arrives at mouth of Tiber, Trojans
  cheered (360)
  Aeneas joins the fight
  Valiant fight of Pallas, son of Evander the
  Pallas killed by Turnus (671)
  Aeneas battles and kills the old Italian leader
  Mezentius (1097)
                        Book XI
           The Latins Debate War and Peace:
             "Debaters and a Warrior Girl"

• Body of Pallas taken in solemn procession to
  palace of Evander
  The old king mourns death of his son
  Aeneas meets with Latin ambassadors (137)
  Aeneas proposes one to one combat himself
  with Turnus
  Dissension in Laurentum among Latin nobles
  Trojans advancing (622)
  exploits of brave Camilla (726)
  death of Camilla (1110)
                    Book XII
       The Duel Between Aeneas and Turnus:
              "The Fortunes of War"

• Turnus sees the Latins are losing
  announces war will be decided between
  him and Aeneas
  the victor will marry Lavinia and proclaim
  the two men meet, Aeneas wins

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