Be CALM by dfgh4bnmu


									                                                                                                                                                     Yorkshire Region
            Farming & Wildlife Advisory Group
            FWAG is an independent organisation of farmers, landowners and representatives from both agricultural and conservation organisations.      Issue Twenty
            FWAG's aim is to integrate conservation and farming through the provision of advice and the organisation of events.                        SPRING 2008

Be CALM...
The CLA have launched a free online calculator
to assess greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and
sequestration from land based businesses. The
CALM Calculator (Carbon Accounting for Land
Managers) takes into account emissions from
energy and fuel use, livestock, cultivation and
land-use change, and the application of nitro-
gen fertilisers and lime. These are balanced
by carbon sequestered in soil and trees.
The CLA suggest that a CALM audit is
done every year to determine whether farms have been
able to reduce their carbon balance and by how much.                                                                              Managing water
The calculator is available at:                                                                               naturally reduces
FWAG has been using the CALM calculator as part of a                                                                              flooding
national project and in two projects in Nidderdale and the
Howardian Hills AONBs with Sustainable Development Fund                                                                           England’s National Parks and farmland
support. The results will give a useful indication of the range                                                                   landscapes could hold the key to long-
of GHG emissions from different holding types as a bench-                                                                         term, cost-effective flood prevention,
mark for improvement. We are also starting to provide some                                                                        said Natural England at a Environment
advice on renewable energy opportunities too. Anyone inter-                                                                       Food and Rural Affairs (EFRA) select
ested in advice in this area please contact Phil Lyth (0771                                                                       committee inquiry into flooding. Thriving
3333 170) or Martin Phillips (0771 101 0044).                                                                                     wetlands, restored peat bogs and free-
                                                                                                                                  flowing rivers are recommended by
                                                                                                                                  Natural England to reduce the harmful
                                                                                                                                  effects of flooding.

                                                                                                                                  By increasing the natural capacity of
                                                                                                                                  the countryside to absorb and hold
                                                                                                                                  excess water, the risk of flooding could
                                                                                                                                  be dramatically reduced. "Investing more
                                                                                                                                  money in traditional flood defences by
                                                                                                                                  constructing concrete and earth embank-
                                                                                                                                  ments may no longer be adequate or
                                                                                                                                  sustainable in the long-term. We must
                                                                                                                                  look to more sustainable solutions
                                                                                                                                  including those involving land-use
                                                                                                                                  change." said Andrew Wood, Natural
                                                                                                                                  England’s Executive Director for
                                                                                                                                  Evidence & Policy.

                                                                                                                                  Source: Natural England

   Agriculture is 'Part of the Solution'
  Agriculture has an essential role to play in the fight against climate                         Confederation to present a united stance against the threat
  change but the Government must work with the sector to ensure                                  climate change poses to agricultural production and the rural
  all the tools are available to the industry and all the potential                              sector. It sets out the industry’s recommendations for action
  opportunities are maximised, says a major cross-industry report.                               and what it believes its future priorities should be - and says
  ‘Part of the solution’ is the report of a joint Climate Change Task                            there will be substantial economic, social and environmental
  Force, which was launched by the NFU, the Country Land and                                     benefits in taking action now to ensure agriculture remains
  Business Association, and the Agricultural Industries                                          economically and environmentally viable.


                                                                                                                                                                              Page 1
Yorkshire                                                                ARTICLES
News                                                                       Advice on
Welcome to Alex Thomas who was elected onto the North Yorkshire
                                                                           Protected Species
FWAG Committee at the AGM in Thirsk on 2 November. This year
the 3 Yorkshire FWAG Groups will hold a joint Annual Meeting at
Skipwith on Friday 13 June (we’re not superstitious!). We hope that
many FWAG members will attend the afternoon walk around Skip-
with Common which will be followed by short business meetings
and a buffet in a recently restored theatre at Skipwith Hall -
courtesy of owner and FWAG member Charlie Forbes-Adam.

Rules &
                                                                         Most people are aware that the presence of bats must be taken into
                                                                         account when converting redundant farm buildings into houses,
                                                                         holiday lets or offices, but often don’t realise that they must also be
                                                                         considered when re-roofing or renovating barns - or even when

Soils Directive dropped
                                                                         carrying out forestry work.

                                                                         Protected species are protected for a reason - usually because
EU proposals for a Soils Directive have been thrown out by the           their populations have seriously declined due to habitat loss or
Council of Ministers after France joined the UK, Germany the             degradation and destruction of breeding sites. Bats, great crested
Netherlands and Austria to block its progression.                        newts, water voles, otters, dormice and barn owls are just some

Single Payment costs
                                                                         of our native species that have suffered in this way. Having a
                                                                         protected species resident on your farm is rarely going to be a
                                                                         problem - it is, in fact, a sign that you must be doing something
The Public Accounts Committee says DEFRA chose the most                  right in the farming and wildlife integration department!
complicated option for calculating SFP entitlement and attempted to
implement it at the same time as a business rationalisation prog-        Some common situations when advice should be sought
ramme. The result was losses for English farmers of an estimated         regarding protected species:
£22.5 million in bank charges last year alone. DEFRA also had to             Converting redundant farm buildings - bats and barn owls,
secure an extra £305 million public funding - on top of an initial           also great crested newts and water voles if there are ponds
provision of £131 million - to meet the cost of failing to observe the       or wet ditches nearby.
EU’s payment deadlines.
                                                                             Re-roofing/renovating barns - bats and barn owls

Get rid of EU red tape?
                                                                             De-silting or clearing vegetation from ponds - great crested
                                                                             newts and water voles.
                                                                             Re-profiling/dredging ditches and watercourses - water voles.
A new European Commission website asks for ways of how to get
rid of red tape. Got an idea? Let them know at          Tree felling/tree surgery (especially mature trees) - bats and
enterprise/admin-burdens-reduction/index_en.htm                              barn owls
                                                                             Tree work (coppicing, pollarding, clearance)

CAP health check
                                                                             along water courses - otters
                                                                             Woodland management - bats and dormice (although if you
The EU are to consider: simplifying the CAP; increasing the rate             have dormice this far north it would be unusual, unless
of decoupling where necessary; reducing payments to farmers                  you are close to a reintroduction site)
getting more than •100,000 per annum; raising the minimum area
                                                                         If planning permission is a requirement of any of the above
farmed to qualify for payments; raising standards farmers are
                                                                         activities, the planning authority may well request that you have
obliged to achieve; making adjustments to intervention; ending set-
                                                                         certain protected species surveys carried out as part of the process.
aside and milk quotas; ways to support dairy farming in mountainous
                                                                         However, even when surveys are not a requirement you still, by
and other areas, and; ways to increase the transfer of direct
                                                                         law, must consider protected species when carrying out activities
payments into the rural development budget to cope with new
                                                                         which may have a harmful impact on them. Usually this means
challenges like climate change.
                                                                         carrying out work at a certain time of year (e.g. avoiding breeding
                                                                         seasons) or in a slightly modified way (e.g. including features to
Kicking up a stink over NVZs                                             allow continued use by protected species) to prevent harmful impact.

The NFU argues that DEFRA’s proposed blanket ban on winter slurry        Timing of surveys is also important, as certain species are only
spreading under revised Nitrate Vulnerable Zone (NVZ) rules should       resident (or only present at high enough densities) at certain
be abandoned and that we should continue with the existing rules         times of the year, e.g.:
which ban winter slurry spreading on light and sandy soils but permit        Bats - May to September
it elsewhere subject to risk assessment. Grant aid should be made            Great crested newts and water voles - March to June
available to farmers in England towards the cost of installing
                                                                             Otters and barn owls - all year round
additional slurry storage where necessary. The requirement for
winter cover crops on unplanted fields should be scrapped and no         Yorkshire FWAG has a licensed specialist available to answer
more land should be included in NVZs than is absolutely necessary        your queries on protected species surveys and other issues.
to comply with the EU Directive.                                         Please ring Ann Hanson on 0771 3333206 for advice.

Page 2
 Snippets...                                     Sustainable biofuels                             system to encourage landowners to provide
                                                                                                  land for affordable housing; Regulation
                                                 There are real opportunities to develop          should limit the rights of trespassers and
                                                 efficient biofuel supply chains that can         burglars to sue and make life easier for
Vision for 2020                                  deliver substantial greenhouse gas savings.      volunteers to run money-raising events;
                                                 However, biofuels on their own cannot            Country sports should be protected; Farm
Hilary Benn’s vision is for a farming industry   deliver a sustainable transport system and
that earns its own way, that is known for                                                         legislation should trust farmers more;
                                                 must be developed with other low carbon          DEFRA is not fit for purpose; Car use is
quality, safety, and high animal welfare         options, energy efficiency, and moderating
standards, that takes its environmental                                                           crucial in rural areas; Rural post offices can
                                                 the demand for transport. Policies that          be revitalised.
responsibilities seriously, that works in        promote biofuel development also address
partnership, shares responsibility and           environmental, economic and social impacts.      RuSource Briefing 548/ ‘Blueprint for a
costs and that is innovative, self-reliant,                                                       Green Economy’ a submission to the
and successful.                                  The Royal Society/RuSource                       Shadow Cabinet Quality of Life Policy
                                                                                                  Group, Sept 2007
Oxford Farming Conference/RuSource
                                                 Water, water
Food production                                  It takes 1,000 litres of water to produce        Care farming
must have priority                               a kilo of wheat and 11,000 litres to             The development of care farming in the UK
                                                 produce a beefburger.                            is at a similar stage of development to the
Population, world trade, climate change,
                                                                                                  Netherlands 10 years ago. Recent statistics
fresh water and using land to grow both
                                                                                                  from the Dutch demonstrate great potential.
food and fuel are the five key issues facing     Future water & agriculture
                                                                                                  The key information is:
UK agriculture. Government must keep food        Abstraction licences for irrigation are likely
production at the heart of land use policy to                                                         0.9% (818) of all farms in the
                                                 to be reviewed more rigorously in future to
meet the growing demand. The debate on                                                                Netherlands now providing care.
                                                 ensure that they are needed and the water
genetic modification needs to restart to         is used efficiently. There will be continued         2005 annual average revenue from
see if we can achieve the necessary              pressure to reduce water pollution from              care activities on non-institutional
intensification without excessive                farming practices. ‘Future Water’ presents           care farms •73,000 (£52,517).
pesticide use.                                   the Government’s water strategy for                  Care farming is by far the fastest
Professor John Moverley,                         England - its vision for sustainable delivery        growing area of farm diversification in
Royal Agricultural Society of England            of secure water supplies and an improved             the Netherlands.
                                                 and protected water environment. The full            The presence of a "real farmer" who is
                                                 document can be downloaded from:
Organic food prospects                 
                                                                                                      dedicated to farming, with authority and
                                                                                                      entrepreneurship appears to be crucial
The organic market is expanding so quickly       strategy/index.htm                                   for successful care farms.
that UK producers cannot convert from
conventional farming quickly enough and          RuSource Briefing 597                                Projecting these statistics onto a region
there is a risk that the increased demand                                                             such as Yorkshire care farming could
will have to be met from overseas. Farm                                                               be generating £7.56 million for the rural
research indicates that organic cereals                                                               economy per year.
and milk prices need to be higher to
draw in new producers.                                                                            Sheep dipping: HSE
                                                                                                  launches revised guidance
Mintel & Kite Consulting/RuSource
                                                                                                  HSE has produced revised and updated
                                                                                                  guidance for farmers, farm workers and
Why farming matters                                                                               others involved in dipping sheep to help
Britain’s self-sufficiency in food is falling                                                     protect their health and the environment.
and critical mass is being lost putting both                                                      The booklet takes a step by step approach
farming and the food industry at risk. Since                                                      to help users consider the range of products
1998 retail prices have risen by 22% while                                                        that are available to treat sheep ectopara-
farmgate prices have fallen by 9%. British                                                        sites, and how to control risks to health,
farmers and growers work to world-leading                                                         with particular emphasis on the use of
standards of food safety, traceability and                                                        engineering controls, safe systems of
quality assurance. More and more cons-                                                            work and personal protective clothing
umers want to buy produce direct from the                                                         for the use of dips.
farmer or grower.
Farmers and growers carry out unpaid                                                              006sheepdip.htm?ebul=agric/issue06&cr=02
conservation work worth more than £400
million each year. There are 500,000km of
hedgerows in England and Wales and               Rural life - views from the                      Maps & advice for farm-
farmers are devoting more time to maintain       Conservative Party                               land & woodland birds
them than ever before. More than 4.5 million     Ideas from a Conservative Party think-tank:      available online
hectares of land is under active environ-        Rural policy should be based more on             The most up-to-date distribution maps for
mental management. Many farmland bird            localism and trust; Regional Development         farmland and woodland birds of conser-
populations have stabilised and, in some         Agencies should be abolished; Parish             vation concern in England can now be
cases, are increasing. The farming sector        Councils should be encouraged to work            viewed at:
directly employs 1.8% of the UK’s workforce      together to take more responsibility; County     For many of the species, there is also
and the UK food chain accounts for almost        Councils should be more strategic; Rural         advice available to help plan your
8% of the total economy. Rural tourism           planning needs to take more account of           conservation efforts. The maps will be
contributes an estimated £14 billion to the      community wishes and recognise the links         updated annually to provide information
economy. Biofuels are a potentially huge         between the economy, the environment and         about where to target specific
market in terms of both output and jobs          viable communities; "Localhold" is a new         conservation measures.
Why Farming Matters, NFU/RuSource
                                                                                                                                            Page 3
A review of the effects of                                habitats, incorporating them into agri-
                                                          environment schemes if and when
predation on bird                                         possible
populations                                               Create alternative seed-rich habitats
A scientific review of the effects of pre-                for birds through the winter (e.g. using
dation on bird populations by the RSPB                    agri-environment options for bird
found that:                                               seed mixtures)
         Numbers of many predators of birds
         have increased in the UK in recent           * See: for
         decades.                                     FWAG’s Set-Aside Decision Tree *

         There is growing evidence that breeding
         populations of some ground-nesting           SAFFIE’s 6 practical
         birds are limited by predation.              solutions for arable farmers
         By contrast, there is little evidence that   The final report of the Sustainable Arable
         breeding songbird numbers are limited        Farming for an Improved Environment project
         by predation.                                has come up with six recommendations for
         Post-breeding numbers of ground-             arable farmers to improve the wildlife
         nesting birds can be successfully            value of their land:
         increased by killing their predators,         1. Leave small undrilled patches in
         although this less consistently                  winter cereals for skylarks.
         increases their breeding numbers
         in subsequent years.                          2. Incorporate wild flowers into field              Soil Inversion for
                                                          margin grass mixtures.
         Many other, non-lethal solutions to                                                               woodland establishment
         reduce predation and its impacts are          3. Seek specialist advice on use of
         available, though their efficacy is not          selective herbicides in spring to              Peter Leeson of the Woodland Trust reports
         well researched - there is scope                 remove only the competitive weeds.             that they carried out a project at Cowick
         for more.                                     4. Scarification or use of graminicides on        near Goole in 2005 involving soil inversion
                                                          field margins opens them up for the            prior to tree planting as reported in the
                                                          benefit of wild plants, insects and birds.     Autumn 2007 edition of Yorkshire FWAG
The new RSPB /Countryfile                                                                                News (page 6).
                                                       5. A combination of skylark plots (see 1
Nature of Farming Award                                   above) and open field margins with wild
The RSPB has joined forces with BBC                       flowers (see 2 & 4 above) increases            He says the technique was “...very
Countryfile magazine to launch a UK-wide                  farmland bird numbers four-fold.               effective. Good tree growth and wonderful
competition to highlight the work that farmers                                                           levels of finch activity in autumn/winter 06.
                                                       6. Use Environmental Stewardship to               It is expensive at day one but (a) it boosts
are doing for wildlife. The Nature of Farming             provide measures in combinations
Award will reward farmers who provide the                                                                ecology greatly from the start - lots of free
                                                          which best deliver arable diversity.           open space for beetles, ground nesting
best wildlife habitats. A total of £2,400 is up
for grabs for the winner and seven regional                                                              birds in year one - huge seed and nectar
                                                      More information in the full report can be
champions. The national winner will be                                                                   supply (b) excellent tree growth ensues and
                                                      downloaded from:
chosen next autumn with the top prize of                                                                 (c) there is very low weed growth. Over 5
£1,000 and other awards being presented at                                                               years it costs about the same as traditional
a dinner early in 2009. A panel of experts            Rules for Carbon reduction                         techniques and has better tree take.”
will draw up a shortlist of four farmers in            1. Use less energy by avoiding
July and the winner will be chosen by an                  waste (be mean).
online public vote. To obtain an entry form
contact Alissa Cook on 01767 693044 or
                                                       2. Use energy efficiently (be lean).
                                                       3. Use energy generated from
                                                                                                             Snippets                            ends
email: For
                                                          renewable resources (be green).
more info locally call Chris Tomson RSPB
Regional Agricultural Adviser on 01484                 4. Use any remaining energy required
868426. The deadline for entry is 2 April                 from the least polluting sources of
2008.                                                     fossil fuelsin the most efficient
                                                          manner (be clean).

Loss of set-aside - how to
reduce impact on wildlife
conservation?                                           Northern Dales Farmers Market Dates
There is a correlation between the area of
set-aside and the Government’s Farmland                                                 Grassington ............... 3rd Sunday of month
Bird Index suggesting that farmland bird                                                Leyburn ....................... 4th Saturday of month
populations respond positively to the area of
set-aside. Research by the BTO shows that                                               Northallerton .............. 4th Wednesday of month
rotational set-aside, where spraying-off                                                Pateley Bridge
was delayed until early June, supported the                                             Showground ............... 4th Sunday of month (not Sept)
highest densities of breeding skylarks as
well as foraging finches and buntings, and                                              Richmond ................... 3rd Saturday of month
numbers of grey partridge of any habitat on                                             Ripon .......................... 3rd Sunday of month
an estate in Bedfordshire.
                                                                                        Settle ........................... 2nd Sunday of month
Advice on how to reduce the impact of the
loss of set-aside includes:
                                                                                        Skipton Canal Basin .. 1st Sunday of month
         Assess the wildlife value of your                                              Stokesley .................... 1st Saturday of month
         set-aside and keep the best wildlife

Page 4
Join in some of our events this Spring & Summer - contact the FWAG office for more details.
Horse Pasture Management - North-             Tye Trophy Winners Farm Walk                         Driffield Show Wednesday 16 July.
allerton Equestrian Centre, Yafforth,         at Catherine Thompson’s, Holme House,                Visit the FWAG stand.
Northallerton. 5.30pm for 6pm on Monday       Holme on Spalding Moor. Wednesday

7th April. Booking required.                  4 June 6.30pm.

                                              Skipwith Common                                      Biodiversity value of upland hay
River invertebrate event with Yorkshire                                                            meadows a hay meadow walk
                                              Yorkshire FWAG Annual Meeting and
Dales Rivers Trust on the River Wharfe at                                                          in conjunction with Nidderdale AONB.
                                              farm walk an afternoon walk around
Bolton Abbey Estate. Thursday 17 April                                                             Wednesday 16 July 6pm.
                                              Skipwith Common with Julian Small followed
6.00pm start.                                 by meeting and evening buffet at Skipwith
                                              Hall. By kind permission of Mr Charles               Highland Beef at Hellifield & the
Tye Trophy Winners farm walk at Peter         Forbes-Adam. Friday 13 June,                         Limestone Country Project at Green
Huchinsons, Spikers Hill Farm, West Ayton     afternoon and evening.                               Farm, Hellifield. Wednesday 6 August.
Scarborough - Thursday 24 April. 6.30pm.

Upland dawn chorus walk with Chris

Tomson of RSPB at Dallowgill near Ripon.
Friday 9 May 5.30am start

Local food BBQ & traditional country-
side Skills/Farm & woodland bird ID
activities at Lime Tree Farm, Grewelthorpe.
Tuesday 13th May afternoon & evening.

Oilseed rape as a Biofuel a visit to Peter
Rhodes at Storwood Manor, Storwood,           Bringing Neglected Flower-Rich
York. Wednesday 14 May 6.30pm.                Grassland into Good Management
                                              a Joint event with North York Moors Grass-           Bats on Farms an evening talk and bat
                                              land Forum. Venue tbc. Thursday 26 June              walk with West Yorkshire Bat Group, at
                                              6.30pm.                                              Home Farm, Temple Newsam, Leeds.
                                                                                                   Tuesday 19 August 7pm.
                                              Managing Chalk Rivers Walk at The
                                              Beeches, Skerne, Driffield. Wednesday 25
                                              June 6.30pm.

                                              Farm Walk at Ashes Farm, Derwent near
                                              Sheffield. Winner of the David Arnold-               Bulgaria Rural Tours
                                              Forster Award (a joint event with
                                              Derbyshire FWAG). Wednesday 2 July.

Drystone Walling Course a two
day practical course with the Yorkshire
Drystone Walling Guild, at Far Laithe Farm,
Keighley. Saturday 24 and Sunday 25 May.
                                                                                                   A couple of week-long tours of Bulgaria’s
                                                                                                   farming, wildlife, countryside, crafts and
                                                                                                   culture are planned this year:

                                                                                                   Spring: Sun 18 May - Sun 25 May

                                                                                                   Autumn: Sun 26 October - Sun 2 November

                                              The Great Yorkshire Show Tuesday 8 -
                                                                                                   for more details or see:
                                              Thursday 10 July. Visit the FWAG stand &
                                              Tye Trophy presentation.

                                                                                                                                           Page 5
Grants & Support
RDPE Approved &                                                            Help with wetland
Management Plans                                                           conservation in the Vale of
withdrawn from ELS                                                         York & River Ouse Catchment
Hilary Benn announced the final approval of the RDPE 2007-2013             Yorkshire Wildlife Trust has a grant programme available to
programme on 6 December. Full details can be found at                      landowners who wish to conserve, enhance or create new The headline good                   wetland areas for the benefit of wildlife. The focus of the work is
news is the securing of £3.9bn of funding over seven years for             primarily in the Vale of York, incorporating the River Ouse and its
rural development (£2.9bn of that delivered through Environmental          tributary streams. Coverage is from Selby area in the south, up to
Stewardship schemes, with a further £600m through the RDAs).               the Northallerton area in the north. Types of work available to be
The bad news is the confirmation that management plans have now            considered for grant aid varies, ranging from simple measures such
been removed from Environmental Stewardship (ES). This applies to          as stock fencing along ditch sides (to prevent livestock poaching),
all provisional ES agreements signed from 1st January 2007. Of the         creation of new ponds (and restoration of existing ponds) through to
5400 provisional agreements, 2600 have management plans and                larger wetland creation projects with mosaic wetland habitats such
1800 of these will fall below the Entry Level Scheme points threshold      as wet woodland, reedbed, open water and areas of wet grassland.
when the plans are removed.

A Q&A can be found at:
Natural England will honour payments on all agreements to date and
will be contacting agreement holders.

Rural Enterprise Investment
Programme (REIP)
The REIP Panel held its first meeting on 17 December to consider
applications already received under the Rural Enterprise Investment
Programme, part of the Rural Development Plan for England (RDPE).
Further panel meetings are scheduled for February, May and
September 2008. Businesses interested in making an application
should speak to the appropriate facilitator and submit an 'Expression
of Interest'. See:

                                                                           Payment can be up to 100% depending on the amount of funding
                                                                           still available. They are particularly interested in requests from
                                                                           landowners able to work to conserve BAP species and habitats,
                                                                           including water vole, wetland and farmland birds. They also provide
                                                                           information, surveys and advice to landowners on wetlands and
                                                                           wetland species ways to minimise the impact of mink. For more
                                                                           information please contact either: Jon Traill - Wetland Officer,
                                                                           Yorkshire Wildlife Trust on 07968 125902 Email:
                                                                           or speak to Phil Lyth at North Yorkshire FWAG.

                                                                            Higher Level Scheme update
                                                                            Higher Level Scheme (HLS) funding is likely to become more

                                                                            available later this year on non SSSI land. If you are considering
                                                                            an HLS on your farm it is important to consult your Natural

Development Fund                                                            England Land Management Project Officers or FWAG so that an
                                                                            assessment can be made as to the suitability of your farm for
                                                                            HLS. If the farm is considered suitable you will be given the go
Janine Morley at North York Moors National Park, Helmsley is seeking
                                                                            ahead to complete a Farm Environmental Plan and put forward
applications to the Sustainable Development Fund. This fund only
                                                                            an application. Applications without an up-to-date consultation
applies to communities within the National Park area (or for work
                                                                            may have the payment for the Farm Environmental Plan prepar-
relating to the National Park area). Projects can be of either social or
                                                                            ation refused so it is essential that you have very recent
economic benefit. For more information, contact 01439 770657
                                                                            contact. There is a lot that can be done in advance to prepare
                                                                            for an HLS application, including the collection of bird survey
* The Yorkshire Dales National Park, Howardian Hills AONB and               data (which can be an essential component to a successful
Nidderdale AONB also run Sustainable Development Funds.                     application).
Contact FWAG for application advice *

Page 6

  Energy Crops Scheme
                                                                                   FWAG members in Calderdale are being invited to consider the
  The new Energy Crop Scheme has opened. See:                                      creation of new multi-purpose woodlands on their land. The call                        comes from local community group 'Treesponsibility', which aims to
  crops/default.htm                                                                identify sites of at least one acre for volunteer tree-planting events
                                                                                   during 2008. Full or partial grants may be available, depending on the
                                                                                   specifics of each site. Now entering its 10th year, Treesponsibility
                                                                                   has built a solid local reputation - it is Calderdale Community
                                                                                   Foundation project of the year and has been selected as
                                                                                   an exemplar project by the regional forestry authority.

Ripon Multi-Objective
Project (MOP)
Funding has now been secured from the Environment Agency to
provide a grant scheme for capital works for projects on the rivers
Skell, Laver and Kex Beck and their tributaries to help mitigate
flooding in Ripon. By slowing down the run-off of flood waters the
chances of flooding can be reduced. This will have other benefits
including preventing loss of soil, nutrients and in creating habitats to
improve biodiversity on holdings in the catchments. Projects that can
be grant aided include: new tree planting, woodland creation, fencing
existing woodland from livestock, hedge planting, livestock fencing
and riverbank management (including fencing riverbanks), creating
buffer strips, creation of wetland and ponds, ditch management and
moorland/upland grip blocking.

                                                     Ripon Cathedral
                                                                                   The group’s vision is of a community “forest” of interlinked wood-
                                                                                   lands, moorland, farmland and hedgerows to create a resilient
                                                                                   landscape in a warming world. Climate scenarios indicate an
                                                                                   increased likelihood of heavier rainfall in the Western Pennines,
                                                                                   with a greater risk of flash-flooding - studies have shown that tree-
                                                                                   planting can play a significant role by acting to minimise run-off, and
                                                                                   reduce soil erosion.

                                                                                   Sensitive tree planting can also have valuable wildlife benefits - local
                                                                                   naturalists give advice on the choice of sites and help to design the
                                                                                   planting schemes for maximum ecological benefits. The group is
                                                                                   careful to avoid disturbing the habitats of rare birds, and does not
                                                                                   plant in areas of heather moorland or peaty soil. They are particularly
                                                                                   interested in reforestation on valley sides, or to extend and link
                                                                                   existing areas of woodland. A further benefit of the new plantings
                                                                                   will be a truly sustainable local wood energy resource.
Free advice is available for Entry Level Scheme applications and
management plans including Nitrate Vulnerable Zone regulations                     Among its other objectives, Treesponsibility also hopes to plant at
within the Ripon MOP area. If you think you may have a suitable                    least 10 hectares of native broadleaf species for future coppicing,
project and wish to discuss it or want to make an application (or just             as an example of how energy production and use can be relocalised.
need free advice please) contact Marian Wilby the AONB’s FWAG                      They would especially like to talk to landowners with an interest in
Farm Conservation Adviser and Ripon MOP Project Officer on: 0771                   sustainability and long term partnerships to manage the woodlands.
3333 187. The application form is a simple process and we can do
all the paperwork for you for free.                                                Treesponsibility can be contacted by email:
                                                                          or by phone on: 01422 843222.

  Richmondshire Community Heritage Grants
  HERITAGE projects across the Richmondshire district of the Yorkshire Dales are being encouraged to take advantage of funding aimed at
  conserving the area’s rich history. Full details of the scheme, including deadlines, are available from Conservation Officer, Ann Smith,
  on: 01748 829100.

                                                                                                                                                      Page 7
  USEFUL WEBSITES                                                                                  Trade Support
Yorkshire Dales Rivers Trust:                        Group Directory
Lower Ure Conservation Trust:                                            FWAG would like to thank the following companies and
                                                                                                   organisations for their continuing generous support:
Growing algae with cattle:       
                                                                                                   Organisation                               Telephone
The UK’s Anaerobic Digestion & Biogas Specialists:                  A H Marks & Co Ltd                         01274 696624
                                                                                                   Addison Plant Ltd                          01642 602666
Geological Storage of CO2:       
                                                                                                   Asda Stores Ltd                            0113 243 5435
Energy Saving:                                                          Beardsworth Ltd                            01274 871869
                                                                                                   Bishop Burton College                      01964 553000
Change to a renewable energy supplier:           or
                                                                                                   Bowker Landscapes                          01484 319720
                                                                                                   British Hardwood Tree Nursery              01673 818443
Promoting best practice in estuary flood risk management:                                          Carter Jonas                               01423 523423                                                                               or                                         01904 558200
                                                                                                   Castle Howard Forest Tree Nursery          01653 648444
Farmers on the Web: (Created to help farmers and                          Clark’s Plant Hire and Contractors         01751 431726
agricultural workers in North Yorkshire & Humberside diversify using the internet whilst           Cliff Addison Drainage                     01642 782702
complimenting existing farming activities.)                                                        Contract Fertiliser & Storage Ltd.         01430 431511

Farmers Dialogue - Linking Farmers Worldwide:                       Coxon Brothers                             01677 422746

overview/                                                                                          CPH Landscapes                             01132 843001
                                                                                                   Cropwise Ltd                               01757 289191
Farming: Next Generation - "Your gateway to information, advice and guidance                       CWS Agriculture                            01724 798777
on the succession of farming businesses":                                  Darrington Quarries                        01977 672368

North Yorkshire’s Local Food:                          Davis & Bowring                            01524 271711
                                                                                                   Deans Garden Centre                        01904 400141
The Traditional Breeds Meat Market Company Ltd.:                          Dinsdale Moorland Services                 01729 840259

Values in Nature & the Environment:                               Duncombe Sawmill Ltd                       01439 770234
                                                                                                   Eastburn Farms Ltd                         01377 229361
Sharing conservation experience:                             F E Metcalfe & Co                          01765 604215

A new high-tech version of treasure-hunting:                           Farmway Limited                            01325 504600
                                                                                                   Forest Direct Ltd                          07967 111805
Yorkshire Dales Heritage:                              Goodenbergh Leisure                        01524 262022

Map-based information on soil types:                        Graham Wilson, I Eng., M.I., Agr.E         01765 689587
                                                                                                   Grantham, Brundell & Farran                01302 321403
Geosearching:                  (This site is good for producing species lists   Grantley Sawmills                          01765 620635
based on map area.)                                                                                Henley’s Nurseries                         01430 872464

And finally… Coffins made from sustainable materials:                  Houseman & Falshaw Ltd.                    01765 677116
                                                                                                   J Thackray & Sons (Steel Structures) Ltd   01653 668246
                                                                                                   Job Earnshaw & Bros                        01924 830099
Printing of this issue sponsored by:                                                               John Boddy Timber Ltd                      01423 322370
                                                                                                   JSR Farming Group                          01377 229264
                                            Thorpe Trees                                           Kilnwick Sprayers Ltd                      01430 871222

                    TREES & HEDGE PLANTS                                                           Kirklees MBC                               01484 221000

                                                                                                                                                              Designed and Set for FWAG by Eric Moss, Conservation & Design Section, Planning, Harrogate Borough Council
                                                                                                   Lister Haigh                               01423 860322
                                                                                                   Loveden Estates                            01427 872461
                                           Sundries & Accessories
                                                                                                   Market Weighton Drainage Board             01759 302115
                                       Planting & Maintenance Service                              Mark Vigrass Ltd                           01507 604201
                         Please ring for Free Initial advisory visit                               Maunby Investment Management Ltd           01423 523553
                                                                                                   May & Dawson Ltd                           01377 256000
                                & Free 2008-09 catalogue
                                                                                                   McCormick Solicitors                       01423 530630

                           Tel: 01423 330977 Fax: 01423 331348                                     Mires Beck Nursery                         01430 421543
                                                                                                   Nidderdale Forestry                        01423 780507
                     W: E:
                                                                                                   Park Lane College                          01132 162443
                        Thorpe Trees, Thorpe Underwood, York. YO26 9TA                             Peacock Brothers                           01423 322902
                  The Complete Service for the Countryside – Discount for FWAG members             or                                         01423 322475
                                                                                                   Peter Greenwood & Co                       01423 322336
                                                                                                   Rijk Zwaan UK Ltd                          01759 305830
                  East Yorkshire FWAG:
Contacting FWAG

                                                                                                   Ross Plant Hire Ltd                        01904 738430
                  c/o Bishop Burton College, Bishop Burton, BEVERLEY HU17 8QG                      Sam Turner & Son                           01609 772422
                  Tel/Fax: 01964 551308 Eamil:                  Savills (L & P) Ltd                        01904 617800
                                                                                                   Stamp, Jackson & Procter Solicitors        01482 324591
                  North Yorkshire FWAG/South & West                                                Stephenson & Son                           01904 489731

                  Yorkshire FWAG:
                                                                                                   or                                         01653 692151
                                                                                                   Stockbridge Technology Centre              01757 268275
                  South Parade, NORTHALLERTON, North Yorkshire DL7 8SL                             Swale Veterinary Surgery                   01748 822389
                  Tel: 01609 783632 Fax: 01609 774985 Email:                                       Tennants Auctioneers                       01969 623780
                                                                   Thorpe Trees                               01423 330977
                                                                                                   UPM Tilhill                                01845 525460

                   For more information go to : and                                UK Coal plc                                01302 751751

                                                                                                   W. E. Jameson & Son                        01765 689666

Page 8

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