Document Sample
Sport Building Workshop Report
2nd annual CASP NATIONAL SUMMIT • Whistler, BC• March 11 to 15th , 2008
Table of Contents
II.Canadian Adaptive Snowboard Program Background
a.What is Adaptive Snowboarding?
c.Review of the 2007/08 CASP Season
d.What’s Next?
III.Communication Strategies
IV.Competition Format
VI.Workshop Feedback
VII.For more Information
APPENDIX A: Results: Adaptive Snowboard World Cup
APPENDIX B: Classification System: Adaptive Snowboard World
APPENDIX C: Adaptive Participant Development Model (PDM)
APPENDIX D: Coach Development Model (CDM)

  Adaptive Snowboarding athletes from Canada, France &
  Adaptive Snowboarding coaches and instructors from across
  Administrators from the able-body snowboard industry
  Canadian Snowboard Federation (CSF)
  World Snowboard Federation (WSF)
  Canadian disabled snow sport community
  Canadian Association for Disabled Skiing (CADS)
  Disabled Skiers Association of British Columbia (DSABC)
  Whistler Adaptive Sports Program
  Alpine Canada Alpin (ACA)
  Canadian Paralympic Committee (CPC)
  Coaches of Canada
  Canadian Ski Coaches Federation (CSCF)

The second CASP Sport Building Workshop was held on March 15, 2008 in Whistler, British Columbia,
Canada in conjunction with the second annual CASP Adaptive Snowboard World Cup Event held the
previous day. The event was a first not only in terms of its being the first adaptive event on the world
stage, but it also introduced the initial attempt at a formal classification system.

The significance of holding the second Sport Building Workshop immediately after this event, is that
the ability to draw an international adaptive snowboard athletic field to an event, as well as the
introduction of a classification process provided the stage from which the pursuit of entry into the IPC
Paralympic Winter Games for either 2014 or 2018 can be successfully driven.

Through Canadian leadership, this is also
the second meeting that has been hosted
in Canada in an attempt to ensure that
dialogue continues to evolve not simply
through a Canadian voice, but ultimately
as an international group. Attendance by
spokespersons from France and
Netherlands for this second Sport Building
Workshop ensures that the international
reach continues to grow.

Key elements of the second annual CASP
International Summit:
       CASP Train to Train (T2T) Athlete
       Development Camp for athletes and
       Adaptive Snowboard World Cup (sling-shot Snowboardcross format); and
       Second annual CASP International Sport Building Workshop.

The CASP International Sport Building Workshop was a full day seminar that brought interested
parties such as athletes, coaches, instructors and administrators at the international, national and
provincial levels to discuss the continued development of adaptive snowboarding, with a focus on
issues such as competition framework, classification of disabilities, and process for moving ahead in
pursuit of entry to the IPC Paralympic stage.

Athletes on-site:
      Emily Cavallin, Telka, BC – Below-knee amputee
      Bibian Mentel, Netherlands – Below-knee amputee
      Tyler Mosher, Whistler, BC – Incomplete paraplegic
      Ian Lockey, Rossland, BC – Incomplete paraplegic
      Mike Fisher, Forest, ON – Below-knee amputee
      John Clark, Horseshoe Valley, ON – Below-knee amputee
      Devin Rochon, Calgary, AB – Below-elbow arm amputee
      Jean-Claude Loiseau, France – Above-elbow arm amputee
      Corey Hansen, Oxford, NS – Fused knees and elbows

Coaches on-site:
      Ivan Sierralta, Calgary, AB – certification: CADS level 2 & CASI level 2
      Hirokazu Ozawa, Wentworth, NS – certification: CASI certified & CSCP Basic Coach (able-body
      & adaptive)
      Danny Buntain, Vancouver, BC – certification: CSCP Basic Coach trained (able-body &
      Christian Hrab, Mt-Tremblant, QC – certification: CSCP Comp Dev trained, NCCP 4 in-training
      & CASI level 4 certified

Attendees at the International Sport Building Workshop:
      Tom McIllfaterick – Canadian Snowboard Federation
      Michael Gray – Canadian Snowboard Federation
      Jean Claude Loiseau – Athlete France
      Bibian Mentel – Athlete Netherlands
      Sietse Breedijk – Whistler Adaptive Sports Program
      Jiro Kanazawa – Whistler Adaptive Sports Program
      Hirokazu Ozawa –Wentworth, NS - Adaptive Snowboard Coach
      Diana Rochon – Canadian Sport Centre Pacific
      Rob Needham – High Performance Director, Canadian Paralympic Committee
      Christian Hrab, Mt-Tremblant, QC – High Performance Director, Canadian Snowboard
      Andrew George – BC Snowboard Association
      Chelsey Walker – Whistler Adaptive Sports Program
      Emily Cavallin – Athlete
      Andrea Holmes – Athlete
      Tyler Mosher – Athlete
      Ivan Sierralta, Calgary, AB – Calgary Snowboard Club Adaptive Snowboard Head Coach
      Corey Hansen, Oxford, NS - Athlete
      Danny Buntain, Vancouver, BC – Canadian Adaptive Snowboard Program Manager; World
      Snowboard Federation
      Ozzie Sawicki – Sport Building Workshop Facilitator

II.Canadian Adaptive Snowboard Program (CASP) Background

a) What is Adaptive Snowboarding?

Adaptive Snowboarding refers to a modified version of the sport, with changes in equipment, rules,
and technical specifications that enable persons with physical disabilities to participate in both
recreational and competitive activities. Snowboarders who have become disabled and others who live
with a disability want to be a part of the sport, recreation, and lifestyle that is snowboarding.

The Canadian Snowboard Federation recognizes this interest and, as the national governing body for
the sport of snowboarding, is addressing it through the Canadian Adaptive Snowboard Program.

The CSF is in the second year of developing a comprehensive adaptive snowboarding program. A
series of events have been staged across Canada over the 2007/08 season culminating with the first
ever Adaptive Snowboard World Cup held on March 14, 2008 in Whistler, BC. The events which have
been held over this past year are a significant element in the development of the foundation
requirements that will lead to efforts for inclusion of Adaptive Snowboarding in either the 2014
Paralympic Winter Games in Russia or the 2018 Paralympic Winter Games, not yet selected.

b) Integration

The CSF’s philosophy of adaptive snowboarding is to have it fully integrated with the delivery of
programs and activities for able-bodied participants of the sport. Adaptive snowboarding is currently
integrated into Vision 2020: The Long Term Athlete Development Plan for Snowboarding, and into
the Canadian Snowboard Coaching Program.

Vision 2020: The Long Term Athlete Development Plan for Snowboarding identifies appropriate
activities for snowboard athletes accordingly to carefully designed stages of development, such as
“Learn to Ride” and “Train to Train”. Detailed information on Vision 2020 is available at

The Canadian Snowboard Coaching Program (CSCP) is the CSF’s resource for the training and
certification of snowboard coaches. The CSCP is a part of the Coaching Association of Canada’s
National Coaching Certification Program (NCCP). Detailed information on the CSCP is available at

c) Review of the 2007/08 CASP season

                          Learn to Ride (L2R) Athlete Development Camps
                             Introduction to racing skills (competition)
                             Building turning skills with speed (emphasis on developing
                          fundamental snowboard skills)
                             Learning to find balance and stability
                             Introduction to general fitness framework
                             April 20-22, 2007 (Whistler, BC)
                             January 25-27, 2008 (Mt. Tremblant, QC)

                          Train to Train (T2T) Athlete Development Camps
                             Focus on technical training (on and off snow) & competition
                             Discipline specialization (Snowboardcross training)
                             Core strength & injury prevention
                             High volume, low intensity workloads
                             February 20-21, 2008 (Canada Olympic Park, Alberta)
                             March 11-12, 2008 (Whistler, BC)

                          Adaptive Snowboarding Competitions
                          Adaptive Snowboarding Regional Event (in conjunction with RBC
                             February 22, 2008 (Canada Olympic Park, AB)
                             Multi-discipline RBC Riders course (Alpine gates, Snowboardcross
                          banked turns, freestyle jumps and rails)
                             RBC Riders Handbook:
                          Adaptive Snowboard World Cup (Sanctioned by the World
                          Snowboard Federation)
                             March 14, 2008 (Whistler, BC)
                             The competition was run as a sling-shot Snowboardcross format
                             Best-of three (3) time trials runs with inspection and training
                             Prizes were awarded to the top three women and men in their
                          disability class
                             Adaptive Snowboarding athletes from Canada, Netherlands and
                          France competed

d) What’s Next?

The CSF is continuing to research adaptive snowboarding, develop resources, and build a network of
program delivery points.

Objectives for the next year are to:
      Increase awareness of adaptive snowboarding in Canada.
      Increase participation by athletes, coaches, officials, and volunteers.
      Work with interested parties in refining the design of adaptive snowboarding equipment (e.g. sit-
      Stage at least 3 adaptive snowboarding competitions in Canada (2 regional/national & 1
      international level event(s)).
      Attend a European based World Cup or southern hemisphere event.
      Actively assist the development of adaptive snowboarding in other countries.
      Actively promote the staging of an international seminar in Europe to further the development of
      adaptive snowboarding.
      Develop a classification process that can be tested over the 2008-09 season.
      Develop a communications strategy through the WSF and make it available to each nation of

Objectives for the next five years include:
      Continue the development of adaptive snowboarding policies, procedures, and resource
      Develop a national adaptive snowboarding program with instructional and/or competitive
      opportunities available at a minimum of thirty program delivery points.
      Organize an annual series of adaptive snowboarding competitions in Canada.
      Actively assist the development of adaptive snowboarding in other countries with a goal of
      programs in at least ten countries on at least three continents.
      Actively promote the development of an international adaptive snowboarding competition series
      and a quadrennial Adaptive Snowboard World Championships.
      Gain the inclusion of Adaptive Snowboarding in the Paralympic Winter Games in 2014.

III.Communication Strategies

a) Effective Promotional Strategies

     Need to develop an awareness plan (see “No Accidental Champions”; LTAD for Athletes with a
     Disability, p.16).
     Need to develop national and international adaptive snowboarding networks.

    Get the word out about adaptive snowboarding
    Website (adaptive snowboarding section on the CSF website)
         Constant updates
         Weblinks to able body provincial associations and clubs, disabled snowboard programs,
            competition opportunities, etc.
    Effective visual (i.e pictures, video clips, etc.) promotion of the sport: Making the disability visible
    (i.e. showing the prothesis, adaptive equipment, etc.)
    Promote the program to physiotherapists, rehabilitation centers, hospitals, etc. where people with
    disabilities are prominent
         Posters with business cards and/or contact information
         Provid basic accurate and up-to-date information
    Be present in the media as much as possible (i.e. CSF news releases)
    Utilize social networking media (You Tube, etc.)

Adaptive Snowboard DVD: Park to Podium is available to view on You Tube: http://

b) Sharing of Contacts & Networks within the Disabled Snow Sport Community

     Who should we be communicating to at the provincial, national and international level to
     effectively promote adaptive snowboarding and its activities?
     Are there provinces and countries already involved in implementing adaptive snowboarding
     activities? If so, who and how do we get in contact with them?

    Build provincial networks (i.e. able-body provincial associations & clubs, CADS programs and
    disabled clubs)
    Have a provincial adaptive snowboarding coordinator to distribute information from the CSF (at
    the national level) down through the provinces.

IV.Competition Format

The CASP introduced the competition formats of Parallel Giant Slalom (PGS) & Parallel Slalom (PSL)
during the 2006/07 season in consideration of attracting a participant base that could become involved
in a competition format that was both safe and held on easily managed terrain. With the evolution of
the sport, and the assessment of the events held over the first year of competition, a transition to the
single person (also known as a “sling-shot”) Snowboardcross format has been adopted as the event of
choice. The sling-shot format consists of a “best-of” 2 or 3 time trial runs.

A sling-shot Snowboardcross format provides a combination of both race and freestyle elements, while
challenging the athletes regardless of their disability. The event format is also conducive to a
classification process, which will ultimately be a required element for entry to the Paralympic level of
international competition.

Competition rules will be established based on
the 2004 FIS International Snowboard
Competition Rules for able-body
Snowboardcross (2700). Adaptations will be
made around the technical difficulty of the terrain
features used in a Snowboardcross course (a list
of terrain features are provided below). The
Adaptive Snowboardcross course will be one of
low technical difficulty consisting of banks, rollers
and minor jumps.

Able-body Snowboardcross Terrain Features:
      Banks (single, double)
      Jumps (single, double, triple)
      Step-up jumps, Step-down jumps, Pro-style jumps, hip jumps, table-top jumps, etc.
      Spines (single, double)
      Offset rollers (single, double, triple)

                                                        Attendees of the International Task Force meeting
                                                        were in agreement as to the format being adopted,
                                                        and will continue to pursue this format into the
                                                        2008/09 competition year.


There are four general categories of adaptive snowboarders: standing, sitting, and visually impaired
physical categories, and snowboarding for persons with intellectual disabilities. These categories are
consistent with the approach taken by other snow sports.

                                            The CSF is currently working with adaptive snowboarding
                                            athletes in the visually impaired and standing categories.
                                            The introduction of a “sit snowboarding” program is
                                            dependent on the design of appropriate equipment and is
                                            still being researched and evaluated.

                                            Although only two of the three physical disability categories
                                            are presently active in the sport, in terms of establishing a
                                            standard of competition format it is important that a
                                            classification process be provided that will allow entry for
                                            all physical disability categories once all have evolved to a
                                            competitive level.

The classification process introduced at the March 14, 2008
Adaptive Snowboard World Cup was a historical event, in that
this was the inaugural application of a classification system in
adaptive snowboarding. The classification process, not unlike
any of its predecessors, such as alpine skiing, has not been
without controversy in its initial format. This having been said,
did not alter the final results of the World Cup event, but did
create discussion as to the nature of the process and the
fairness and validity of the classification format selected.

A post World Cup strategy that has been implemented has
been the review of the raw results applying a series of
classification methodologies. A committee comprised of Danny
Buntain, Ozzie Sawicki, and Christian Hrab of Canada will
assess the classification review once completed and will carry
forward the results to the World Snowboard Federation (the
International Governing Body for the sport of Adaptive
Snowboarding). The intent is to provide a mathematical
rationale as to the classification process that will provide the
optimal fairness to the athlete in head to head comparison of
times factored through the classification provided. Test events
will be held over the 2008/09 competition year to assess the
real outcomes of the proposed classification process.

The significance of developing a sound classification process will play an integral role in ensuring a
pathway of sport development that will lead to inclusion within the IPC Paralympic Winter Games in
either 2014 or 2018.

The development of a snowboarding program for persons with intellectual disabilities will continue to
be reviewed, but will focus on the opportunity for growth within a Special Olympics context.

Of importance to both the physical and intellectual disabilities pursuing an Adaptive Snowboard
competition framework, is that a realistic pathway from entry level through to the international
competitive opportunities presented by either a Paralympic Games or a Special Olympics opportunity
are available to these participants. Once established, the pathways will serve to enlist additional
nations in their involvement in Adaptive Snowboard.

See Appendix C for the CASP Participant Development Model.

VI.Workshop Feedback

 The following section provides an essential element of feedback that was provided at the conclusion
 of the full day Sport Building Workshop session. The audience was required to provide commentary
 on three specific areas. These included their perspective of what must occur next leading to the
 2008/09 competition year, what must occur leading to 2010 and the Paralympic Games being hosted
 in Vancouver/Whistler, and finally, what must occur leading to 2014 to ensure the opportunity for
 Adaptive Snowboard to be a considered option for the 2014 Paralympic Winter Games in Russia.

 The responses are as follows:


       Strong communications
       Communicating direction
       Developing a map that can show others how to develop a similar national program
       Create a sense of community within the adaptive element of the sport
       Education and awareness training for coaches and support staff
       Presently grassroots is high performance. Development of the separation in terms of days
        spent training/riding for grassroots versus development versus high performance
       Increase the number of trained coaches, and the number of participants
       Establish simple, cost efficient and realistic goals
       Pursue integration of Adaptive Snowboarding within able-body National Snowboard
       Fundraising to make the sport accessible
       Pursue media opportunities
       Increased number of Adaptive Snowboard camps across Canada
       Build capacity
       Talent identification
       Increase awareness outside of Canada
       Festival atmosphere (music, food, etc.)
       Engage IPC in process from the start
       Integration into existing club programs
       Creation of program link between grassroots and high performance
       Stronger advertisement (e.g. website, media contacts, partner organizations)
       Create a list of international events and contact points for these events
       Cultivate funding opportunities
       Market to athletes we do not know are even out there
       Develop rules and regulations, creation of a technical package, including classification, for


        Activate a plan of next steps               Greater focus on grassroots development
        Redefine pathway, adjust from ideal goal    (increase volume)
        to the reality of the sport in that time    Strong development phase
        frame                                       Full integration into club structure
        Identify critical mass (athletes and        National development program
        nations)                                    National World Cup team
        Increased number of athletes, and           Provincial level events integrated with
        number of coaches; Increased training       able-bodied events
        volume and number of events                 World Cup circuit
        Develop athlete, coach and officials long   World Championships
        term development plan                       Broader spectrum of disabilities
        International competition calendar          Adaptive forerunners at 2010 Olympic
        Expanded program in Canada                  Games snowboard events
        Structured programs in at least 4 other     Have taken all necessary steps to engage
        countries                                   in IPC process to become an included
        WSF support of concept and competition      sport for 2014
        structure                                   World Cups in North America and Europe
        IPC recognition of development of           National buy in by PSOs
        Adaptive Snowboarding                       National multi-year sponsor
        Highlight Adaptive Snowboard                Integration at the NorAm level
        opportunities through 2010 Games            Integration at the local level
        process                                     Creation of a national team
        Establish 12 nations participating world    Host Sport Building Workshop meetings
        wide                                        in Europe


        Proven events and World Championships                  Secure stable funding
        Test events                                            Equipment research and design
        Paralympic inclusion 2014                              programs
        Minimum of 24 high performance athletes                Program structure operationally run
        in Canada, 48 internationally                          through the WSF reaching maturity
        Communication!                                         Expanded international competition
        Strong International Federation, consider              calendar
        FIS governance                                         Eight (8) World Cups and regional events
        Clear classification rules and system                  International base of 300 athletes and 50
        within IPC governance                                  certified coaches
        3 classes, sitting, standing and visually              Expanded program in Canada
        impaired                                               Structured programs in 10 (6 to 12) other
        Clearly defined provincial contact for each            countries
        province                                               Intense recruitment initiatives world wide
        Increase pool of qualified coaches                     Te c h n o l o g y d e v e l o p m e n t ( b o t h
        Increase pool of qualified officials                   prosthetics and snowboard competition
        Develop athlete role models to lead                    equipment)
        awareness campaigns                                    Strong communication world wide
        Develop athlete recruitment plan and
        talent ID process moving ahead

The above three time frames certainly show a trend towards continued development of the sport,
development of organizational capacity internationally, involvement of key players, such as the WSF,
FIS and IPC, as well as national Paralympic committees. A solid move towards communication and
well established strategies will ensure that the sport is on the radar of the IPC, as well as with the able-
body and disabled local club programs.

VII.For more Information

Danny Buntain
Adaptive Snowboarding Manager / Gérante du Snowboard Adapté
Canadian Snowboard Federation/Fédération Canadienne de Snowboard
Tel/Tél: 604.714.2236

APPENDIX A: Adaptive Snowboard World Cup Results

                                      Adaptive Snowboard World Cup
                                   Whistler Blackcomb - March 14, 2008
                                          Individual Snow Cross Results

                     RACE JURY                                       TECHNICAL DATA
                     Chief of Race:    Cate Webster                  Run Name:           Choker Snow Cross
                     Chief of Course: Seb Fremont                    Start Elevation:    1660m
                     Start Referee:    Colleen Ikona                 Finish Elevation:   1520m
                     Finish Referee: Dusan Kafka                     Vertical Drop:      140m

                     Start Time:       12:50                         Weather:            Variable
                     Temperature:      -4 degrees                    Snow Conditions:    Hard Packed

  Rank Last Name     First Name         Bib #          Total Run 1      Total Run 2         Total Run 3      BEST
   1 Mentel          Bibian               2               61.89            62.00               61.62         61.62
   2 Cavallin        Emily                1               63.50            64.03               64.44         63.50

  Rank   Last Name   First Name         Bib #          Total Run 1      Total Run 2         Total Run 3      BEST
   1     Mosher      Tyler                4               56.30            56.63               77.23         56.30
   2     Lockey      Ian                  3               60.48            59.44               59.15         59.15
   3     Fisher      Mike                 6               65.63            64.78                DSQ          64.78
   4     Rochon      Devin                7               66.54            67.25               68.03         66.54
   5     Loiseau     Jean-Claude          8               66.57            66.80               67.03         66.57
   6     Clark       John                 5               70.10            70.92               71.95         70.10
   7     Hansen      Corey                9               77.91            77.14               78.14         77.14

         Last Name   First Name         Bib #          Total Run 1      Total Run 2         Total Run 3      BEST
         Beaumont    Zach                10               69.82            71.10               72.63         69.82

APPENDIX B: Adaptive Snowboard World Cup Classification

                              Classification System

Standing Athletes

Arm Disability
      One arm below elbow                      98-100%
      One arm above elbow                      92-98%
      Two arms below elbow                     92-98%
      Two arms above elbow                     85-94%

Leg Amputee Disability
      Single below knee                        95-96%
      Single below knee (Rotation Plasty)      93-94%
      Double below knee                        85-89%
      Single above knee                        85-89%

Leg Weakness Disability
     Single leg weakness (paralysis)           94-98%
     Double leg weakness (paralysis)           87-94%

                              Adaptive Snowboard World Cup
                               Whistler, BC - March 14, 2008

    Bibian Mentel               96%
    Emily Cavallin              93%

      Tyler Mosher              92%
      Ian Lockey                92%
      Devin Tuson               99%
      John Clark                96%
      Mike Fisher               95%
      Jean-Claude Loiseau       93%
      Zack Beaumont             87%
      Corey Hansen              93%

APPENDIX C: Adaptive Participant Development Model (PDM)

       Leadership                    Organisation                 Stage of Development

                                                                            Train to Win
                                                                       Paralympic Games

                                                                            Learn to win
                                                                    WSF World Cup & WCH

        Comp Dev                                                       Train to Compete
                                                                      National level events

        Comp Intro                                                          Train to Train
          CSF                                                         Regional level events

       Basic Coach
                                                                      Learn To Train/Ride
          CSF                                                         Local clubs & events

         Level 2                                                  Intermediate Snowboarder
          Cads                                                              FUNdamentals

         Level 1                                                    Beginner Snowboarder
          Cads                                                               Active Start


                                  Persons with a Disability

APPENDIX D: Coach Development Model (CDM)

APPENDIX E: Picture description

1.    On the Cover – Bibian Mentel; below-knee amputee; Netherlands
8.    Board Tunning – Bibian Mentel; below-knee amputee; Netherlands
9.    Flying through the air – Emily Cavallin; below-knee amputee (rotation plasty); Smithers,
10.   Out the start gate – Tyler Mosher; incomplete paraplegic; Whistler, BC
11.   Riding through the course – Devin Rochon; below-elbow arm amputee; Calgary, AB
12.   In the start gate – (from the left) Bibian Mentel; below-knee amputee; Netherlands &
      Jean-Claude Loiseau; full arm-amputee; France
13.   Podium shots – see Appendix A Results for details
14.   Coaching – (from the left) Hirokazu Ozawa; CSCP Adaptive Snowboarding Coach &
      Corey Hansen; fused knees; Martock, NS
15.   Group Shot of all athletes that competed at the first ever Adaptive Snowboard World Cup


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