Docstoc

Poultry

Document Sample
Poultry Powered By Docstoc
					                   Poultry
What do we know about poultry industry?
What animals are included in the poultry industry?


WHY DID THE CHICKEN CROSS THE ROAD?
Who is this Crazy Character?

                               baseball
Answer:
Who is…. Foghorn Leghorn.

What are his famous lines?

“I say, I say boy.”
 What do you know about Foghorn’s
              Farm?
How have things changed since the era of
  Ol’ Foghorn Leghorn????
 Less Rural Farms
 More Consumption
 Chickens can no longer
Talk!!!!
He was the last one!
              Poultry Objectives
 What  are the aspects of the poultry industry?
 What are some common practices in raising
  chickens?
 What are the basic parts to a Chicken?
 Pay
                     If you             And I’ll
 Attention,
 because…..          don’t….            Say….
         ASPECTS OF POULTRY
              INDUSTRY
 Production
 Feeding
 Meat Industry
 Egg Laying Industry
     Industry Links to Each other…
All aspects of the industry couldn’t survive without
  the other…. Why????
 Without production of new chickens we couldn’t
  have poultry for meat or egg laying.
 Without egg laying we couldn’t have meat or
  layers.
 Without feeding, birds wouldn’t survive


             Without all of them you’d……
                   Production
 Production  of chicks that will survive into broilers,
  layers and roosters
 Production of this can be for meat or egg
  production
 Send millions and millions of chicks over seas
  each year.
             Feeding Industry
 Industry of feed production for millions and
  millions of chickens throughout the US
 Feed companies manufacture thousands of tons to
  feed chicks to adult chickens.
                 Poultry Meat
 High protein
 Low fat
 Economical to eat
 Quick to reproduce
 Most Consumed Meat in
  the United States
         Eggs Produced by Poultry
 High source of protein- body builders or people
  on Atkins diets (reason $ are high now
 Used in cooking and baking (omelets, eggs,
  cakes, cookies)
 Good Breakfast food
    Terms Associated With Poultry
 Layers
 Broilers
 Turkey
 Chick
 Rooster
 Hen
 Pullet
    Birds Associated With Poultry
 Layers:   for egg production
   Example:   Leghorn (hybrids)
 Broilers:   meat production
   Example:   White Plymouth Rock, Cornish Crosses
 Producers  usually buy chicks from hatcheries
 Turkeys must be artificially inseminated (have
  been bred for large breasts which makes it
  physically impossible to mate)
               Chicken Terms
 What do you call a mature male?
  Rooster
 What do you call a mature female?
  Hen
 What do you call a young female?
  Pullet
         If You Were Getting Started
 Order chicks early
 Only order what you can house
 Space requirements:
   10 square inches / chick under light
   25 square inches / chick house space

 Chicksshouldn’t be allowed to get more than 3 ft
 away from light

              See what Foghorn has to say…..
             When they arrive
 Temperature   = 92-95 degrees under light, 70-75
  deg in house
 Decrease temp. 5 degrees / week until 60 degrees
 Teach how to drink right away
 If chicks are huddled together under light = too
  cold
 If none are under light = too hot
 Should be scattered
                        Management
 Debeaking:  remove 1/3 of the top beak and a
  small part of the bottom (prevent cannibolism)
   at   6-8 days old
 Vaccinate  (hatchery can do this)
 Lighting: birds naturally reproduce in spring,
  simulate spring, chickens molt (shed feathers)
  production increases
What a Big Corporation Farming Looks Like….
    Example Would be Tyson, Cargill, etc…
                 Layer Care
 Collecteggs 2-3 times per day (if hot)
 Wash eggs immediately in warm water
 Refrigerate & keep away from onions & mold
 Production Goal: 4 lbs feed / dozen eggs
 Hens produce 7 eggs / 10 days
                     Broilers
 Don’t  keep in cages (weak bones & bruise easily)
 Keep light on at night (prevent cannibolism)
 Market at 4 1/2 lbs for males, 3 1/2 lbs for females
  (about 8 weeks)
 2.1 lbs feed / lb of gain
        Broilers, Made for Meat…
 You can get from Tyson if you are an FFA
  program
 Tyson will ship an FFA program 100 chicks for
  them to show in Fairs
 Pen of three’s are shown at fairs
    Downfalls of Broilers, Genetics…



                             Nutty as a
All Wrong!!!!                Fruitcake!!!
What’s wrong with this picture???
          Other Knowledge: Bonus
 What    do you call a castrated male?
Capon

 How    are chickens born?
Hatch

 What    is the incubation period?
21 days
       Basic Parts of a Chicken…




1) Comb        2) Eye 3) Earlobe 4) Beak         5) Body
6) Heart Girth 7) Keel 8) Shanks 9) Pubic Bones 10) Vent
What are the Basic Parts in a
         Chicken?

                           Bad!!!




                           Good!!!
      What are the Definitions of….
1.   Layer                Wrong!!!!
2.   Broiler
3.   Rooster
4.   Hen               Pay Attention, it’s
                       for your own good!
5.   Pullet
6.   Hatchery
                       I’ll keep asking…
7.   Capon
What are the Basic Parts in a
         Chicken?

                           Bad!!!




                           Good!!!
                   Last Questions:
1)   What is incubation?
2)   What is the incubation period?
3)   How long until you can take the broilers to market?
4)   What shape is the pen that you place baby chicks?
5)   What should you place in the center of the pen?
6)   What the four parts to the poultry industry?
7)   What is the most productive meat part in poultry (what do
     they breed for?
8)   What practice do they use to breed turkeys?

                  Wrong!                      Correct!
              What are the
       ASPECTS OF POULTRY
 Production
             INDUSTRY?
 Feeding
 Meat Industry
 Egg Laying Industry
             What is Production?
 Production  of chicks that will survive into broilers,
  layers and roosters
 Production of this can be for meat or egg
  production
 Send millions and millions of chicks over seas
  each year.
     What is the Feeding Industry?
 Industry of feed production for millions and
  millions of chickens throughout the US
 Feed companies manufacture thousands of tons to
  feed chicks to adult chickens.
What is the Meat Industry of Poultry?
 High protein
 Low fat
 Economical to eat
 Quick to reproduce
 Most Consumed Meat in
  the United States
     What is the Egg industry like?
 High source of protein- body builders or people
  on Atkins diets (reason $ are high now
 Used in cooking and baking (omelets, eggs,
  cakes, cookies)
 Good Breakfast food
                     Broilers
 Don’t  keep in cages (weak bones & bruise easily)
 Keep light on at night (prevent cannibolism)
 Market at 4 1/2 lbs for males, 3 1/2 lbs for females
  (about 8 weeks)
 2.1 lbs feed / lb of gain
      What are the Definitions of….
1.   Layer                Wrong!!!!
2.   Broiler
3.   Rooster
4.   Hen               Pay Attention, it’s
                       for your own good!
5.   Pullet
6.   Hatchery
                       I’ll keep asking…
7.   Capon
What are the Basic Parts in a
         Chicken?

                           Bad!!!




                           Good!!!
                 Last Questions:
1)   What is incubation?
2)   What is the incubation period?
3)   How long until you can take the broilers to
     market?
4)   What shape is the pen that you place baby chicks?
5)   What should you place in the center of the pen?
6)   What is the most productive meat part in poultry
     (what do they breed for)?
7)   What practice do they use to breed turkeys?

                Wrong!                  Correct!
                  Poultry CDE
 What   is CDE again?

 What   do you think would go into this?
          Probably…. Judging and
               identifying….
 Chickens
 Meats
 Eggs
               Today we will…
    Go over the basic parts of the Poultry CDE.
    Have two very fun and rewarding activities…
1.   Egg Candling
2.   Poultry meat parts identification
        Five Areas of Poultry CDE
1.   Live Birds
2.   Ready-to-Cook
3.   Eggs
4.   Merchandising and Further Processing
5.   Management
               Live Birds Part I
 One   class will be a keep/cull class of 8 laying hens
  or broilers: Pick the best 4
 Place a class of 4 laying hens or broilers from 1st
  to 4th
 Orally communicating why you placed the class
  by giving a set of REASONS.
          Ready-to-Cook: Part II
 Ten  broiler and/or turkey carcasses and/or parts
  for quality grading
 Place a class of four Ready-to-Cook
  Turkeys/Broilers from 1st to 4th
 Orally communicate why you placed the class the
  way you did through saying reasons
      Egg Quality Grades: Part III
Determine the qualities of 10 eggs ranging from
 (AA, A, B, and Lost)

AA =best or great
A= good
B= fair
Lost= very poor
  Merchandising and Further Processing:
                Part IV
 Placing a class of four cartons of eggs
 Written factors for placing cartons
 ID Parts of a chicken
 Placing glass of 4 patties, or 4 tenders, or four
  nuggets
 Written factors for placing patties, tenders, or
  nuggets
        Management: Part V
 Written   test
                  Contest Points
1.   Live Birds= 150 points
2.   Ready-to-Cook= 150 points
3.   Eggs= 50 points
4.   Merchandising and Further Processing=250 points
5.   Management= 50 points

TOTAL POINTS= 700
    Three Categories Discuss Today
 Evaluating Egg-Type Hens
 Evaluation of Interior of Eggs
 Ready to cook identification of parts
     Evaluation of Egg-Type Hens
 Pigmentation:  40%
 Handling Qualities- Abdominal Capacity: 30%
 Plumage Condition and Molt: 15%
 Constitutional vigor and Vitality: 10%
 Head and parts: 5%
    Evaluation Egg Interior Quality
By Candling an Egg you determine:
 Air Cell Factor
 Yolk Factor
 Yolk Size
                Parts of a Chicken
 Let’s   start Identifying …..



“Foghorn”

				
DOCUMENT INFO
Shared By:
Categories:
Tags:
Stats:
views:18
posted:10/5/2011
language:English
pages:53