ar verbs Spanish –ar verbs Verbs in General English and

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					Spanish –ar verbs
         Verbs in General
English and Spanish both conjugate verbs.
They can be organized as first, 2nd, and 3rd
person. If you need to, you may review
the pronoun presentation on the main
page. In English, we do not change the
verb much according to the subject. In
Spanish, the verb ending will often tell you
who or what the subject is. Observe.
                 -ar verb endings
         Singular           Plural



1rst         o             amos
person



2nd      as               aís
person



3rd
person
         a                an
        How they change
This is a rule you can use for any regular
–ar verbs. To conjugate a regular –ar
verb, drop the –ar and add the appropriate
ending. The best way to see this is to
demonstrate. We will be looking at the
verb “hablar” (to talk) first, then “cantar”
(to sing).
              hablar (to sing)
         Singular        Plural


           yo hablo     nosotros hablamos
1rst
person                  nosotras hablamos
                        (vosotros) hablaís
2nd        tú hablas
person
                        (vosotras) hablaís
           él habla     ellos hablan
3rd        ella habla   ellas hablan
person
           Ud. habla    Uds. hablan
           What it means:
When you say either “Yo hablo” or “Hablo”,
you are saying “I speak”. You will note that
hablo is only associated with the subject
pronoun “yo”. Similarly, when you say “Tú
hablas” or “Hablas” you are saying “You
speak”. Notice that it is important to include
the subject pronoun when you use 3rd
person because the subject has different
possibilities. “Habla” can mean “He
speaks”, “She speaks”, or “You speak”.
               Cantar (to sing)
            Singular                          Plural

                                        nosotros* cantamos
1rst
person
           Yo canto
                                        nosotras** cantamos

                                      vosotros* cantaís
2nd
person
         tú cantas
                                      vosotras** cantaís
         él canta                    ellos* cantan
3rd
person
         ella canta                  ellas** cantan
         Ud. canta                   Uds. cantan
         *mixed group or all guys   **all girls
       Now it is time to learn.
• This is meant to be a review. If you have
  not studied it already, you may have
  difficulty.
• If you want to learn Spanish, you will need
  to learn the –ar verb endings.
• You can often tell what the subject is by
  the verb. Therefore in Spanish, it is not
  always necessary to include the subject.
• Memorize these verb endings.

				
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posted:10/4/2011
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