Spanish –ar verbs
Verbs in General
English and Spanish both conjugate verbs.
They can be organized as first, 2nd, and 3rd
person. If you need to, you may review
the pronoun presentation on the main
page. In English, we do not change the
verb much according to the subject. In
Spanish, the verb ending will often tell you
who or what the subject is. Observe.
-ar verb endings
1rst o amos
2nd as aís
How they change
This is a rule you can use for any regular
–ar verbs. To conjugate a regular –ar
verb, drop the –ar and add the appropriate
ending. The best way to see this is to
demonstrate. We will be looking at the
verb “hablar” (to talk) first, then “cantar”
hablar (to sing)
yo hablo nosotros hablamos
person nosotras hablamos
2nd tú hablas
él habla ellos hablan
3rd ella habla ellas hablan
Ud. habla Uds. hablan
What it means:
When you say either “Yo hablo” or “Hablo”,
you are saying “I speak”. You will note that
hablo is only associated with the subject
pronoun “yo”. Similarly, when you say “Tú
hablas” or “Hablas” you are saying “You
speak”. Notice that it is important to include
the subject pronoun when you use 3rd
person because the subject has different
possibilities. “Habla” can mean “He
speaks”, “She speaks”, or “You speak”.
Cantar (to sing)
él canta ellos* cantan
ella canta ellas** cantan
Ud. canta Uds. cantan
*mixed group or all guys **all girls
Now it is time to learn.
• This is meant to be a review. If you have
not studied it already, you may have
• If you want to learn Spanish, you will need
to learn the –ar verb endings.
• You can often tell what the subject is by
the verb. Therefore in Spanish, it is not
always necessary to include the subject.
• Memorize these verb endings.