diet

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					Diet and diabetes
Reasons for diet

• Weight control
• Blood glucose control
• Prevention and management of short-
  term and long-term complications of
  diabetes
Dietary
recommendations for
diabetes
•   Eat starchy foods regularly
•   Eat more fruit and vegetables
•   Reduce animal or saturated fat
•   Cut down on sugar
•   Reduce salt
Balancing food
choices
Eat starchy foods
regularly
              •   Bread
              •   Potatoes
              •   Rice
              •   Pasta
              •   Cereals
              •   Plantain
              •   Chapatis
Eat more fruit and
vegetables
•   Fresh
•   Frozen
•   Tinned
•   Dried
•   Juice
Choose more high
fibre foods
To help maintain blood   Helps to maintain a
glucose levels and       healthy gut
cholesterol levels

•   Fruit                •   Wholegrain cereals
•   Vegetables           •   Wholemeal bread
•   Pulses               •   Wholewheat pasta
•   Oats                 •   Brown rice
Reduce animal or
saturated fat intake
• Use low fat milk
• Use low fat spread
  instead of butter
• Use oil high in
  unsaturated fat, eg
  olive oil, rapeseed
  oil
Use less fat in
cooking

•   Grill
•   Dry-roast
•   Microwave
•   Steam
Choose the right sort
       of fat
SATURATED                MONO-             POLY-
                          UNSATURATED       UNSATURATED
• Full fat dairy
  produce (eg            • Olive oil       • Sunflower oil
  cheese, butter, full                       (products)
                         • Rapeseed oil
  cream milk)
                                           • Oily fish
                         • Groundnut oil
• Pies
• Biscuits
• Savoury snacks
• Lard
• Hard vegetable fat
Cut down on sugary
foods

• Not a sugar free
  diet
• Cut out sweets
• Cut out sugary
  drinks
Choose low sugar
products

             • Use diet or low
               calorie, sugar free
               drinks
Intense sweeteners


• Tablet
• Liquid
• Granulated
Avoid diabetic
products

•   Cost
•   Laxative effects
•   Focus on ‘sugar free’
•   Still raise blood glucose levels
•   Still contain same calories
Reduce salt intake

              • Cut down on added
                salt
              • Use alternative
                seasonings
              • Look out for
                reduced/low sodium
                foods, eg bread
              • Avoid salt substitutes
Eat regular meals
based on carbohydrate:

Breakfast
Lunch or snack meal
Main meal
Weight management
and diabetes
Be more active
Slimming tips

•   Be realistic about your target weight
•   Aim to lose weight gradually
•   Eat regular meals
•   Make small changes you can stick to
    Drink alcohol in
      moderation

1 unit of alcohol is approximately:

1/2 pint       1 pub       1 small glass      1 pub
 beer or    measure of        of wine       measure
lager or   spirit (25 ml),   (125 ml)       (50ml) of
  cider       eg gin,                        sherry,
             vodka or                      vermouth,
              whisky                       liqueur or
                                             aperitif
For more information
on diabetes
Diabetes UK Careline

    020 7424 1030
   Monday to Friday
     9am to 5pm
  www.diabetes.org.uk

				
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posted:10/4/2011
language:English
pages:24