Powerpoint - Intelligent Transportation Systems - U.S. Department by pengxuebo


									Connected Vehicles for
a Connected World

Research & Innovative Technology Administration
US Department of Transportation
January 2008
What VII will Enable …. Safety

• Your vehicle knows the
  speed and location of
  approaching vehicles
• Your vehicle can “see”
  vehicles you can’t see
• Your vehicle knows
  roadway conditions that
  you can’t see
What VII will Enable….. Mobility

• You had traffic information on
  all your potential routes and
  modes of travel
• You could compare different
  routes and modes of travel
  based on traffic speed
• Your navigation unit could
  reroute you when an accident
  occurs during travel
 What VII will Enable …. Consumer Services

• You can quickly download movies
  and other high content material
  into your vehicle
• You can find and reserve available
  parking spaces before you arrive
• You can pay for tolls, parking, and
  your morning cup of coffee
  automatically from within your
• Your vehicle can tell you when it
  needs servicing and direct you to a
  service station
What VII will Enable …. Agency Management &

• Managing your system if you
  knew real-time travel speeds
  and densities, braking activities,
  and roadway temperatures for
  all major facilities
• Planning for growth when you
  know complete traffic patterns
  around development
• Having the information needed
  to measure and track system
   VII Concept


                                                         Real Time
                                                        Network Data
                                                         Situation Relevant

                  Signal Phase
                  and Timing

                 Probe Data

USDOT’s Research and Demonstration Program
A Change in Strategy

• Previous approach
  – Deployment decision by OEMs, US DOT, state transportations agencies
    in 2010 with synchronized deployments beginning around 2012
  – Key technology for vehicle to infrastructure communications was
    Dedicated Short Range Communications (DSRC)
  – Expectation that the infrastructure build out could be substantially funded
    by the Federal government
• Current approach
  – Open up the architecture to allow for non-DSRC technology
  – Work with aftermarket suppliers to enable VII capabilities sooner
  – Demonstrate a subset of capabilities that VII can provide in a few, high
    concentration operational test sites
  – Support growth in geographic coverage and functionality over time
  – Leverage new technologies and private industry developments
  – Learn from related state and university research
Program Goals and Objectives

• Goals
  – Nationwide system
  – Enable the full range of safety, mobility, and commercial
  – Adaptable to technology evolution
• Objectives:
  – Near term – to demonstrate current capability and provide for
    more rapid deployment of VII applications
  – Mid term – to expand both the system functionality and
    geographic coverage of the system
  – Long term – to enhance system performance
Multi-Phased Approach

• Phase 1 – Field operational test site(s) established to
  demonstrate and test what can be done today
• Phase 2 – Applied research and development activities to
  support the longer term needs of the program in areas of
  technology, policy, and public agency applications
• Phase 3 – Monitoring and assessing new technologies that
  can enhance system performance
Phase 1: SAFE TRIP-21
Safe and Efficient Travel Through Innovation and Partnerships

Develop field test bed(s) to:
– Accelerate availability of travel information and services to
  provide users with greater situational awareness of safety hazards,
  congestion bottlenecks, and route and modal choices
– Evaluate impacts, value of integrated infrastructure for travelers
  and commercial operators, and market readiness of near-term
  applications, including but not limited to those using DSRC
– Leverage other U.S. DOT activities such as the Urban Partnership
  Agreements, the Corridors of the Future Sites, and others.
– Leverage existing systems and capabilities (i.e., 511, Highway
  Advisory radio, vehicle-based collision warning technologies, traffic
  reporting services, etc., and state, local, university, and industry
  research )
Phase 1: SAFE TRIP-21 (2007 – 2008)

Key Dates and Milestones

 Request for Information (RFI) released December 18, 2007
   Information requested on partnering for Phase 1 test site development
   Information requested on test site characteristics, applications and their
    readiness, innovative technologies
 RFI responses expected by January 11, 2008
 Site(s) operational and evaluation to begin December 1, 2008
 Interim findings will be transitioned toward mid- and longer-term
  ongoing research in VII Phases 2 and 3
 SAFE TRIP-21 Final Report in January 2010 (Interim reports in 09)
Phase 2 – Enable a Phased Nationwide Deployment

• Fund applied research and development activities:
   – In the areas of enabling technologies, public applications, and
     institutional issues
   – To support a phased, nationwide deployment of VII capabilities
     between 2008 and 2015
• Key Objectives:
   – Assess and demonstrate capabilities of various technical solutions
   – Identify phased roll-out strategies to support rapid deployment of
     near-term capabilities and enable the long term vision
   – Analyze alternative business models and governance structures
   – Develop technical and policy solutions to address security, privacy,
     liability and other institutional issues
   – Develop key applications for the public sector
   – Leverage results of operational tests and state and university
     research to improve and refine research and deployment approaches
VII National System Network Build Up
 Phase 2 – Enable a Phased Nationwide Deployment
    Proof of Concept (POC) Testing – MI and CA
• Testing of public, private, and e-commerce applications
   – Testing to be completed in March with results published in June 2008
• Validate the vehicle to roadside and vehicle to vehicle capabilities in a multi-
  application environment
• Demonstrate that VII technical approach ensures anonymity, privacy, and
• The Michigan POC test includes:
   – 25 vehicles, 57 intersection and freeway locations near Detroit 
      approximately 47 square miles of coverage
   – Vehicle based communications is DSRC for both V2I and V2V
   – Backhaul communications is a combination of 3G, WiMax, and Mesh
• Scheduled to operate through June ’08
• Currently preparing an RFI to solicit input and expressions of interest in:
   – Using the test bed by other private and public sector entities and
   – Options for continued operation and maintenance
Most of the VII POC Testing will be conducted in the suburbs of
Detroit. RSEs placed along several stretches of highway as well as
multiple signalized intersections.
Michigan Test Bed - Private Applications

                                               Tolling                                                  Signal timing, EBL
                                                                 Speed limit, icy bridge, curve ahead

   Next exit services, traveler information

                                         Navigation, rerouting

                                                                                                                        School zone
    Michigan Test Bed – Public Applications

                Traveler Information
and Corridor Management Load Balancing Applications

                     Weather Information
                        and Corridor
                    Management Planning
                     Applications use the
                      entire DTE area

                                                 All Applications
VII California Infrastructure

 •Access to 60 miles of Right-of-Way, including hills and “urban
   – Three, parallel, 20 mile long North/South routes: US 101; SR 82 (El
     Camino Real); and I-280
 •12 RSEs are installed and operating, with approved FCC licenses
   – Mix of freeway / intersection locations
 •28 more RSE sites have been selected and surveyed
   – Installation of RSEs will continue through August 2008
 •Backhaul: wired (T1 lines) and wireless (3G cellular; WiMAX,
  Municipal WiFi)
   – Communications choice is site dependent
 •Back End Servers
   – One at the 511 TIC in Oakland; one at PATH in Richmond
   – IP-based; additional servers can be located anywhere
VII California Testbed
Southern Peninsula,
San Francisco
Bay Area
VII Technical Innovations

• Most extensive DSRC/WAVE protocol testbed (56 RSEs)
• Prioritization of radio access & messages for safety (while
  supporting other applications)
• Multi-channel DSRC radios with channel switching
• Single radio will support diverse applications simultaneously
  – One-way, 2-way, individual, and broadcast communications
  – Supports many vehicles simultaneously and scaleable to large
• Groundbreaking method to maintain privacy & anonymity while
  ensuring legitimacy of messages & data
• Implement common vehicle interface for V2V across OEMs
 Phase 2 – Enable a Phased Nationwide Deployment
     Technology and Testing – Going Forward

• Continue technical research to support deployment
• Additional research anticipated in the areas of:
  –   Communications
  –   Mapping
  –   Security
  –   Positioning
  –   Standards

• Enable future testing needs
  – Ensure testing capabilities are available to support public and private
  – Ensure test bed activities are working to common standards and
 Phase 2 – Enable a Phased Nationwide Deployment
        Applications – Activities Underway
  – Violation warning at traffic signal and stop sign controlled intersections
  – Prototype development complete summer 2008
  – Field operational test option being examined
• Vehicle to Vehicle Communications
  –   Develop architecture and message sets
  –   Develop relative positioning technology using DSRC
  –   Develop and verify objective test procedures
  –   Applications being examined include:
        •   Emergency Electronic Brake Light
        •   Forward Collision Warning
        •   Intersection Movement Assist
        •   Blind Spot Warning + Lane Change Warning
        •   Do-Not-Pass Warning
        •   Control Loss Warning
  – Assessment of benefits both with autonomous systems and DSRC alone
  – Initial test platform to be established mid-2008 with final project results
    end of 2009
 Phase 2 – Enable a Phased Nationwide Deployment
           Applications – Going Forward

• Begin development of deployment oriented applications
   – Mobility applications using vehicle probe data
        • Traveler information
        • Traffic Management
   –   Transit operations
   –   Commercial vehicle operations
   –   Road weather information (building on current USDOT/NWS research)
   –   Electronic payment for tolling
• Leverage results of existing and future test and evaluation activities
• Public sector application workshop(s) to be held in spring 2008
   – Identify real world needs for input into Concept of Operations and
     Requirements documents
   – Provide basis for private sector development of products and services
Phase 2 – Enable a Phased Nationwide Deployment
                 Business Models
• Request for Information related to the business model is expected to
  be released in Spring 2008 to identify innovative partnerships as a
  means for cost-sharing and market stimulation
• Outcomes will be used to:
  – Identify possible roles of the public sector moving forward
  – Initiate conversations with the private sector regarding cost-sharing
  – Identify research gaps and ways for the Federal government to serve as a
    catalyst for the deployment of technologies and applications
 Phase 2 – Enable a Phased Nationwide Deployment
                Institutional Issues
• Research to overcome potential institutional barriers to deployment
• Activities underway and to be initiated in 2008
   – Privacy policy framework (complete)
   – Benefit-cost analysis (underway)
   – Legal research (underway):
      • Patent search
      • Liability analysis for public agencies and private partners
      • Analysis of potentially influential federal legislation
      • Identification of potential state legal and regulatory hurdles
   – Data ownership and access rights (pending)
   – Network ownership and access rights (pending)
   – Capabilities and limitations of the 5.9GHz spectrum allocation (ongoing)
Phase 3: Monitor Cutting Edge Technology

• Monitor and assess developing technology that may be
  incorporated into the VII system to enhance system
  performance, including:
   – Advancements in mesh networks for vehicle to vehicle
   – Mobile WiMax
   – 4G cellular
   – Low cost inertial navigation

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