Power Systems Engineering Research Center (PowerPoint)

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Power Systems Engineering
    Research Center

  National Science Foundation
      Industry / University
  Cooperative Research Center

       Our core purpose:
 Empowering minds to engineer
the future electric energy system

  What is important to us:
    Pursuing, discovering
  and transferring knowledge
  Producing highly qualified
     and trained engineers
   Collaborating in all we do

      What we’re working toward:
An efficient, secure, resilient, adaptable, and
  economic electric power infrastructure
                serving society
  A new generation of educated technical
       professionals in electric power
     Knowledgeable decision-makers
       on critical energy policy issues
  Sustained, quality university programs
        in electric power engineering

      Collaborating Universities                          PSERC
•   Arizona State University - Gerald Heydt
•   University of California at Berkeley - Shmuel Oren
•   Carnegie Mellon University – Marija Ilic
•   Colorado School of Mines - P.K. Sen
•   Cornell University - Robert J. Thomas
•   Georgia Institute of Technology - Sakis Meliopoulos
•   Howard University - James Momoh
•   University of Illinois at Urbana - Peter Sauer
•   Iowa State University - Jim McCalley
•   Texas A&M University - Mladen Kezunovic
•   Washington State University - Anjan Bose
•   University of Wisconsin-Madison - Chris DeMarco
•   Wichita State University - Ward Jewell
                   Industry Members
                    ABB                       ITC Holdings Co.
       American Electric Power            MidAmerican Energy Co.
      American Transmission Co.                  Midwest ISO
               AREVA T&D                     National Grid USA
         Arizona Public Service        National Rural Elec. Coop. Asn.
      British Columbia Trans. Co.               New York ISO
       Bonneville Power Admin.           New York Power Authority
              California ISO               Pacific Gas and Electric
           CenterPoint Energy               PJM Interconnection
              Duke Energy                    PowerWorld Corp.
                 Entergy                      Salt River Project
                   EPRI                            Siemens
                  Exelon                     Southern Company
               GE Energy                             TVA
               FirstEnergy                      Tri-State G&T
Institut de recherche d’Hydro-Québec               U.S. DOE
                  (IREQ)                Western Area Power Admin.
            ISO New England
             Researchers                        PSERC

• 40 researchers in 3 research areas
• Multidisciplinary, specializing in:
  • power systems, applied mathematics, non-
    linear systems, power electronics, control
    theory, computing, operations research
  • economics, industrial organization and public

                      Students                            PSERC
• Strong synergy between research and education
  • Almost 85 graduate students working on PSERC
    research projects
  • Research improves quality of education experience
  • Research required of faculty
• Quality power programs (grad and undergrad)
  • Students receiving quality and diverse education
  • Interaction with industry invaluable
• Employment search assistance
  •   Faculty available for consultation
  •   Resume and profile books on PSERC students
  •   Job opportunities web site folder
  •   Student listserv for directly contacting students
         Why Multi-University?                  PSERC

• Pooling of expertise needed
  • No single school can afford the necessary
    breadth of expertise.
  • Research questions today require
    multidisciplinary approaches
• Industry dispersed geographically

       Organizational Philosophy                      PSERC

• PSERC’s mission is research and education.
• Its research spans both member and industry-
  wide needs.
• It is organized to facilitate collaboration and to
  educate the next generation of power engineers,
  not to just to fund research.
  • Researchers need from $200K to $350K per year,
    much of which supports graduate students.
  • 40 researchers X $200K ea = $8M, much more than
    is provided through PSERC.

     PSERC Research Successes                         PSERC

• Advanced power system visualization tools
  (including commercialization of PowerWorld)
• Institutional concept of testing power market
  designs and policies before they are
• Power system reliability
  • Expertise for national grid reliability studies
  • Joint formation of the Consortium for Electric
    Reliability Technology Solutions
  • Blackout of 2003 investigation and information
• Development of microgrid control systems
  PSERC Education Successes                              PSERC
• Graduating over 400 undergraduates and 300
  engineering graduates in power each year.
• Placing graduating engineering students with
  PSERC members (over 75 in 2007).
• Expanding distance education programs for
  credit and professional development.
• Working with IEEE Power and Energy Society
  • to create an on-line career service for the US and
    Canada (
  • to begin the Power and Energy Engineering
    Workforce Collaborative
                    History                       PSERC

• Professor Robert J. Thomas, Founding Director
• NSF Industry/University Cooperative Research
  Center (IUCRC) planning meeting - May 1996
• Established with four schools - Dec 1996
• Added one school in 1998
• Added six in 1999 and 2000
• Re-organized organization in 2000
• Added Executive Director in 2000
• Added two more schools in 2001

                   Our Organization                                           PSERC

 Indus. Adv. Bd.
Jay Giri, AREVA T&D,          Director                        Executive Com.
       Chair, and             Vijay Vittal
     Floyd Galvan,
  Entergy, Vice Chair                        Exec Director
                                               Dennis Ray

     Markets            T&D Technologies                      Systems
  Research Stem          Research Stem                      Research Stem
    Tim Mount, CU         Gerald Heydt, ASU             James McCalley, ISU
   Mark Sanford, GE      Robert Saint, NRECA            Mahendra Patel, PJM

              Other Support                    PSERC

• Facilitator: Frank Wayno, Professor,
  Cornell University
  • Provides critical organizational process
  • Listens to industry members and faculty

• Support Staff (ASU)
  • Theresa Herr, Administrative Assistant
  • Laura DiPaolo, Accountant

    Industry Advisory Board                        PSERC

Industry Advisory Board (IAB) provides a
critical linkage between industry members and
university members.
  • Partners with university members to identify
    research and education needs/directions
  • Prioritizes projects and recommends project
    funding levels
  • Reviews research progress and results

     2007 Research Program                       PSERC

• PSERC funded projects ($2 Million plus
  some $600K in university contributions)
  • About 20 projects, 34 researchers and 60
    graduate students
  • Pooled and targeted projects
• Leveraged research ($1.3 Million)
  • Consortium for Electric Reliability Technology
    Solutions (CERTS) involving about 15
    researchers and their graduate students
  • PSERC projects often are seed projects for
    further research.
                 Markets Research Stem                                           PSERC

   Markets research concerns fundamental issues in
   efficient power markets: market design, reliability,
         auctions, asset valuation, market power
               and decision-making tools.

Economic experiments provide insights on   Lessons learned from market experiences
alternative market designs and policies.   are being studied with rigorous analysis.
               Systems Research Stem                                         PSERC

Systems research focuses on efficient and reliable
operation of complex and dynamic power systems.

 New visualization techniques studied     Numerical assessment prioritizes power
 using human-factor analysis can help     system vulnerability to hidden failures of
 system operators maintain reliability.   individual relays.
     T&D Technologies Research Stem PSERC

      T&D research improves transmission and
 distribution systems with technology innovations.

                Wireless                Substation



Wireless power system monitoring                      Tool development is a key part of the
applications and mobile agent processing              research on power quality using
can improve reliability and efficiency.               physically-based modeling.
          Stem Committees                        PSERC

•   Leadership and participation from industry and
•   Facilitate industry and university discussions
    on new research needs and ideas
•   Maintain the stem research plan
•   Develop a research solicitation with suggested
    priority areas and topics
•   Facilitate collaboration in PSERC research

2008 Research Planning Process                       PSERC
• Research needs and ideas discussions
  • Led by Stems beginning in Dec. 2007
  • Continues through conference calls and industry-
    university meeting in May
  • Aug. summer workshop used to complete solicitation
• Proposals due in September
• Industry and university reviews by early October
• Executive Committee and Director
  recommendations to industry in November
• Industry’s final recommendations at Dec. meeting
• Final review by Executive Committee
• Decision by Director
  Additional Membership Funds                   PSERC

• Members can contribute beyond the standard
  membership fee ($250K of such funding in
• Projects can be developed without going
  through the solicitation process
• Approval is given by Director based on
  consistency with PSERC’s research program.
• Additional membership fund projects are treated
  like other PSERC projects (such as results are
  shared with other PSERC members).

       Industry Involvement
           in Research
• Amount of involvement is up to the member.
• Serve on Stem Committees or project teams
• Discuss research with project teams at IAB
• Attend summer research planning workshop
• Review and distribute research papers, reports,
  presentations, etc.
• Review project status and research results
• Participate in IAB decision-making

          Consortium for Electric
          Technology Solutions
• Created in 1999 to research, develop, and disseminate
  electric reliability technology solutions
• Goal: to protect and enhance the reliability of the U.S. electric
  power system under the emerging competitive electricity
  market structure <>
• Funding: DOE Office of Electric Delivery and Energy
  Reliability Transmission Reliability program and California
  Energy Commission Public Interest Energy Research
• Performers: PSERC; 4 National Labs (LBNL, ORNL, PNNL,
  SNL); and Electric Power Group among others
• PSERC provided researchers who participated in the DOE
  National Transmission Grid Study (2001/2) and Power
  Outage Study Team (1999/2000)                                   24
        PSERC Tele-Seminars                PSERC

• Monthly
• Participants: 150-200 people from industry
  and government agencies, and
  universities (faculty and students)
• Available via webcast and conference call
• PDH certification: Provided upon request.
  Sent to about 30 engineers per seminar.
• Archived slides and audio-slide
  productions available for downloading

         Other PSERC Activities         PSERC

•   Member visits
•   Professional development
•   Executive forums
•   Communications
    • Listserv (
    • Web site (

    PSERC: A One-Stop Shop to
     Leading Power Programs

• Membership in PSERC provides access to
  experienced researchers at schools in the
  U.S. that have strong electric power

• Membership provides access to a large
  pool of well-trained students.

       PSERC’s Value to Members                   PSERC

• Contact with students exploring job opportunities
• Supporting students working on PSERC projects
• Opportunities for collaboration with leading
  researchers in power engineering and markets
• Leveraged research funding with low overhead on
  industry membership fees
• Early access to results of innovative research and
  research publications
• Business opportunities for commercialization of
  intellectual property

               PSERC’s Value                     PSERC

• Networking with others in industry, universities
  and government
• Information source for sound policy-making
• Education and professional development such as
  through workshops, short courses, tele-seminars
  (with PDH credit) and on-site seminars
• Helping sustain high quality power engineering
  programs at U.S. universities

           PSERC is a Collaboratory                PSERC

• PSERC meets its mission using collaboration within
  communities of interest
  • Between universities
  • Between industry / university members
• Collaborating working groups include:
  • Stem committees
  • Project teams
• Partnership is key.
  • Identifying issues and needs
  • Creating, choosing and
    implementing projects

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