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WWII

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					            WWII


“This nation will remain a neutral
  nation, but I cannot ask that
every American remain neutral in
  thought as well.” FDR, 1939
    Dictators Threaten World Peace
 Mussolini, Dictator of Italy. Extreme
  Nationalism, and Militaristic.
 Hitler, Germany. Extreme Racism and
  militaristic. Nazi Party.
 Stalin, Soviet Union, Communist,
  Revolution by workers.
 Japan, Military Leaders.
Reasons for Rise of Dictatorships
 Economic Turmoil: World wide depression,
  Germany paying war reparations
 Sagging National Spirit: Restore past
  glories
                   Italy
 Individual had no rights.
 Only the “state” is important
 Restore past glory of Rome
 Gain overseas colonies: attacked Ethiopia
  1935
                  Russia
 Aimed to be an industrial giant.
 Initiated the “Great Purge” 3 million
  political opponents removed.
 Stopped political, religious, and human
  rights.
 Wanted communism to spread
                  Japan
 Military groups in 1920’s
 Revive Samurai Code-Glorify Warriors
 Engage in naval armament race with Great
  Britain
 Look to expand, and gain raw materials
  for industry
 Looks at the U.S. as the chief rival of the
  U.S.
                Germany
 Created the National Socialist Party: Nazis
 Hitler: Tremendous motivator of the
  masses
 Restore national pride
 Promised order out of chaos.
 Germany’s problems blamed on the Jews,
  International Bankers, Communists, Old
  German Leaders, and nations who signed
  the Treaty of Versailles
                     Hitler
 Wrote “Mein Kampf” in jail and plans a new
  German Empire (Reich) that would last 100
  years.
 Belief that Germans are the master race and all
  other races such as Jews, Slavs were inferior
  and less than human.
 Final Solution: Exterminate Jews from the earth.
 Dictatorship was the only form of government
  that would work. Give power to the strong.
    Members of the Nazi Hierarchy
 Herman Goerring: Leader of Luftwaffe,
  old-time friend of Hitler
 Heinrich Himmler: Head of Nazi SS, in
  charge of dealing with the final solution
 Joseph Goebels: Minister of Propaganda,
  kept final solution a secret.
 Rudolph Hess: Head of Gestapo (Secret
  Police)
Minister of Propaganda
    Hitler’s Goals/Movement Towards
                   War
 Restore National Pride
 Regain lost territory
 Gain living space
 Destroy Bolshevism
 Purify Europe: Final Solution
    German Territorial Acquisitions
 1936: Germany marches into Rhineland.
  Mussolini and Hitler signs Rome-Berlin Axis
 1938: German marches into Austria to quiet civil
  disorder, next day Austria is declared part of
  Germany
 Hitler demands Czechoslovakia to evacuate the
  Sudentland. Policy of appeasement is at its
  highest, Sudentland is signed over.
     Germany can’t achieve goals

 England has radar
 German planes too far to fly no escort
 Do not stick to original plan of eliminating
  RAF
    U.S. Increases involvement
 Involvement with lend-lease program
 FDR worries allies will run out of money
 Becomes arsenal of democracy
 7 billion $ for ships, planes, tanks
         Amer. Involvement
 American warships begin convoy duty
 Atlantic charter August 1941 Roosevelt
  meets with Churchill to discuss the post
  war world.
 Countries have the right to determine
  their own government.
 Japan sees America as a sleeping giant,
  U.S. will enter war after the attack on
  Pearl Harbor.
Benito Mussolini
Joseph Stalin
Nazi Propaganda
“I have seen war, and I hate
           war.”
            FDR

				
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posted:10/4/2011
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