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					M-Learning Application in Training at Universities

                  Dr. Tran Trung
               Nguyen Viet Dung, M.A
1. M-learning Overview

Viewpoints of M-learning:
• The first one: taking the mobility of learning devices into
• The second one: taking the mobility of both learning
  devices and learners into consideration
1. M-learning Overview

• Features of M – learning:
  M-learning focuses on learning with contexts and mobile
  devices. M-learning is convenient because thanks to it,
  learners can access the learning material resource
  everywhere and they can find it easy to cooperate and
  immediately share the learning resource.
1. M-learning Overview

 Briefly, it can be understood that M-learning is the
 learning method which can help learners to study
 anytime, anywhere or give them opportunities to study
 through mobile devices such as cell phones, PDA
 pocket PC…
1. M-learning Overview

Limitations: From another angle, M-learning has a few
  limitations including:
• Small screen, information provision;
• Difficult to enter the information due to small keyboards;
• Limited memory and battery;
• High cost.
1. M-learning Overview

The development of M-Learning in the world
• The pioneer countries applying M-Learning are Japan,
  Taiwan and South Africa.
• Korea and China are very potential countries
• Australia, Canada, and India start with experiments of M-
  learning application.
1. M-learning Overview

 M-learning has great potential. It requires the need to
 transfer current pilot projects to new trend in education
 and training.
 M-learning enhances cooperation and active learning.
 Mobile technology has been creating opportunities to
 optimize the interaction and communication between
 learners and teachers and learners in the study
 Therefore, M-learning will become a new trend of distant
2. Prospects to apply M-learning in Vietnam

• There are more and more organizations working online.
• The quantity and quality of cell phones rapidly increase
  (quantity: 3 times more than computers, quality: about
  70% of cell phones can access internet).
• The amount of PDAs and SmartPhones also rapidly
  increases (số lượng bán nhiều hơn máy vi tính).
• Many companies develop softwares for cell phones.
• The telecommunication network rapidly increases; the
  cost decreases.
• E-learning’s rapid increase is the background for M-
  learning development.
3. Possibilities to apply m-learning in training at

• Hand-held devices including cell phones have been
  supported with many functions.
• Cell phones are more affordable and integrate modern
• Students’ ability to use and employ modern technologies
  completely meet minimal requirements for M-learning
• Students’ self study is very necessary.
• With hand-held devices, students can make use of
  potential resource on internet which is developed for E-
  learning system.
3. Possibilities to apply m-learning in training at

 It is completely possible to use cell phones and other
 hand-held devices for students’ learning. M-learning will
 definitely be helpful to students’ self-study and diversify
 teaching – learning methods at universities to improve
 training quality.
4. Principles to select teaching content on cell
• In accordance with the curriculum’s objectives and
• The content can be digitalized and transferred to WAP,
  ensuring that:
       The information, especially characters and pictures,
  is clearly displayed;
       The capacity and effects should be small so that the
  access can be fast and fit the memory capacity and
  operating system of cell phones;
       The interface is friendly and satisfy students’ passion
  and demands
4. Principles to select teaching content on cell
    Specifically, we need to design the content which should
    minimize cell phones’ disadvantages (small screen, low
    memory capacity…) and promote their advantages such
•   Shorten the length of a page
•   Decrease the number of main entries
•   Entries should be easy to use and friendly to students
•   Limit the use of graphic technology
•   The text is easy to read.
5. Methods of teaching through cell
• M-learning application in learning has been attracting
  people due to low cost and mobility. In the world, M-
  learning has been applied in learning with the following
   – Distant education
   – Podcasting
   – Self-study
   – ...
5. Methods of teaching through cell
• M-learning application in training at universities should
  start with supporting students to self-study, review and
  self-assess their own knowledge.
• This format needs to be piloted scientifically and formally.
  Then, based on the pilot, the data will be collected and
  come to scientific conclusions of possibilities of using cell
  phones to support students’ self-study and doing
• M-learning is a new teaching method developed on the
  background of technology development. M-learning’s
  remarkable advantage is that we can combine real
  interaction with flexibility in learning. This combination
  give lecturers opportunities to carry out interactive and
  learner-oriented learning activities which help students
  have self-study motivations and study independently.
• M-learning application is totally possible and contributes
  to training quality enhancing at universities.

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