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					The Rich Man and Lazarus




     Luke 16:19-31
     The Text: Luke 16:19-31
“There was a certain rich man who was clothed in
purple and fine linen and fared sumptuously every
day. But there was a certain beggar named Lazarus,
full of sores, who was laid at his gate, desiring to be
fed with the crumbs which fell from the rich man's
table. Moreover the dogs came and licked his sores.
So it was that the beggar died, and was carried by
the angels to Abraham's bosom. The rich man also
died and was buried. And being in torments in
Hades, he lifted up his eyes and saw Abraham afar
off, and Lazarus in his bosom…
    The Text: Luke 16:19-31
“Then he cried and said, 'Father Abraham, have
mercy on me, and send Lazarus that he may dip
the tip of his finger in water and cool my tongue;
for I am tormented in this flame.„ But Abraham
said, 'Son, remember that in your lifetime you
received your good things, and likewise Lazarus
evil things; but now he is comforted and you are
tormented. And besides all this, between us and
you there is a great gulf fixed, so that those who
want to pass from here to you cannot, nor can
those from there pass to us…„”
    The Text: Luke 16:19-31
“Then he said, 'I beg you therefore, father, that
you would send him to my father's house, 'for
I have five brothers, that he may testify to
them, lest they also come to this place of
torment.„ Abraham said to him, 'They have
Moses and the prophets; let them hear them.„
And he said, 'No, father Abraham; but if one
goes to them from the dead, they will repent.„
But he said to him, 'If they do not hear Moses
and the prophets, neither will they be
persuaded though one rise from the dead.'"
                  Introduction
• This is a real story about a true event:
   – He named the two characters in the story.
   – He also named places.
   – Neither at the beginning or ending did Jesus refer to the
     story as a parable.
   – If it was a parable, it doesn’t change the truths we learn.
   – Jesus never told a fable or untrue story to illustrate a
     truth.
   – His parables were of events that could or did happen in
     real life.
                   Introduction
•    This is a real story about a true event:
    – It seems evident that the event occurred during the
      Mosaic Dispensation.
    – Mentioning that the brothers could “hear Moses and
      the prophets‖ indicates that Moses’ Law was still in
      effect.
    – The story, however, reveals truth that is characteristic
      of all dispensations.
       1. Patriarchal Age
       2. Gospel Age.
    – Present State; Intermediate State; Final State
          The Present State
• This story refers to the life on earth that
  exists from birth until death.
• The time on earth is a ”testing” or
  “preparation” time.
• It is also an “opportunity” time.
  – Opportunity to serve our Maker
  – Decide to be faithful or unfaithful
  – Live righteously or unrighteously
  – Walk by faith or by sight
         The Present State
• This story refers to the life on earth that
  exists from birth until death.
• One chooses to serve God or Satan.
• No matter which we choose, there will
  be consequences.
  – If we serve God faithfully—Heaven
  – If we serve Satan and sin—Hell
     The Intermediate State
• Refers to the time between death and
  the final resurrection.
• Hades is the unseen world.
• The words “Hades” is used ten times in
  the NT: (KJV—Hell; ASV—Hades)
  – Matthew 11:23; 16:18;
  – Luke 10:15; 16:23;
  – Acts 2:27;
  – Revelation 1:18; 6:8; 20:13,14
     The Intermediate State
• Refers to the time between death and
  the final resurrection.
• When a person dies, he is transported to
  Hades.
• Hades is a place of ―departed spirits.‖
• Here, the righteous and the wicked are
  kept until the final resurrection.
• At that time, “death and Hades will give
  up the dead in them,” (Revelation 20:13).
            The Final State
• Refers to the time between the
  resurrection and the judgment.
• One’s existence will be either Heaven or
  Hell.
• This will be an eternal state that will have
  no ending, regardless which way it goes!
  – Matthew 25:46
                   Christ
• While on earth, Jesus was a spirit dwelling
  in a tabernacle of clay.
  – John 1:1,14
• That spirit was immortal/eternal.
  – Hebrews 9:14
• Though He came from heaven, He took on
  the form of a servant who was made
  in the likeness of men.
  – Philippians 2:5-8
                     Christ
• Like everyone else, on occasion, He needed sleep,
  rest, food, clothing, and shelter from the elements,
  as well as all other needs common to a man’s body.
• His was an immortal Spirit in a mortal body.
• He was One of a kind—in a class by Himself!
• Following His (physical) death, His body was
  placed in a tomb.
   – Luke 23:53
                  Christ
• His spirit went into Paradise, the righteous
  side of Hades.
  – Psalm 16:10; Luke 23:43; Acts 2:27
• He did not go to God or heaven.
  – John 20:17
• Hades and Heaven are two distinct places.
      Rich Man and Lazarus
• Both of these men had mortal bodies
  and immortal spirits.
  – Matthew 10:28; Romans 6:12
• At birth, our earthly parents, through
  procreation, provide us with earthly
  bodies.
• God forms the spirit within the earthly
  body, giving life to a tabernacle of clay.
  – Zechariah 12:1; James 2:26
      Rich Man and Lazarus
• Each individual is born pure and holy, having
  committed no sin and having inherited none.
  – Ezekiel 18:20-24
• Both the rich man and Lazarus had
  committed sin.
  – Romans 3:23; 1 John 1:8
• Evidently, Lazarus had been faithful to God,
  under Moses’ Law—righteousness.
• The rich man failed to serve God faithfully; he
  chose to be lost!
                       Death
• Death is separation.
• When faith is separated from works (obedience), it
  is a ―dead‖ faith.
   – James 2:24
• When one has trespasses and sins, he is
  separated from God—dead spiritually.
   – Isaiah 59:1,2; Ephesians 2:1
• A Christian is “dead” to the Old Law—separated
  from it.
   – Romans 7:1-6
                  Death
• Without the spirit, the body is dead.
  – James 2:26
• When the body and spirit are separated,
  the body dies—life on earth ends.
• The body is buried and ultimately, returns
  to the earth.
  – Ecclesiastes 12:7
• The disembodied spirit, whether righteous
  or wicked, enters the Hadean world.
Abraham’s Bosom and Paradise
• After Lazarus died, the angels carried him to
  Abraham’s bosom.
• Jesus told the thief on the cross, “Today thou shall
  be with me in paradise.”
   – Luke 23:43
• Paradise is the side into which the righteous
  descend.
• Here (in Paradise), Lazarus was comforted.
   – Luke 16:25
Abraham’s Bosom and Paradise
• Peter’s confession was the “Rock” on which
  Christ would build His church.
• The Gates of Hades would not prevail against it.
• His death would not prevent the building of His
  church.
   – Matthew 16:17,18
• Possibly…even though members of the kingdom
  die and enter Hades—they will not miss the bliss of
  heaven!
Abraham’s Bosom and Paradise
• The Devil has authority over the Hadean realm.
• Only a few were resurrected to then die again and
  return.
• Could there have been a great spiritual battle
  between Jesus and the Devil while Jesus was in
  Hades?
• We know who won!
   – Revelation 1:18
   – Hebrews 2:14,15
Abraham’s Bosom and Paradise
• In this realm, the Lord will have the
  final say!
• At the appropriate time, the voice of Jesus
  will call those in this realm.
  – John 5:28,29
• After the judgment, death and Hades will
  be cast into the lake of fire—they’ll no
  longer be needed.
  – Revelation 20:14
                The Great Gulf
• There is a gulf between the two different parts of the
  Hadean realm. (Luke 16:26)
• This gulf was fixed by God.
• It’s so high that no one can go over it.
• It’s so long that no one can go around it.
• It’s so deep that no one can go under it.
• It’s so strong that no one can go through it.
• It’s so wide that no one can cross it.
• One is on one side or the other; it CANNOT BE
  CHANGED!
                     Torment
• This part of Hades is often referred to as
  “Tartarus.”
• This word refers to a place into which sinful angels
  were cast and reserved in “chains of darkness
  unto judgment.”
   – 2 Peter 2:4
• It is a place of torments.
• While Lazarus was comforted, the rich man was
  tormented!
   – Luke 16:23-25
                       Tomb
• The mortal body’s burial place.
• Jesus’ body was placed in Joseph’s new tomb; it did
  not remain there long enough to become corrupt.
   – Luke 23:50-53; Acts 2:27
• The rich man was buried in a tomb.
   – Luke 16:22
• The body returns to the dust from which it came.
   – Genesis 3:19
            The Resurrection
• Jesus predicted the destruction of His “temple”—
  but not for long!
   – “Jesus answered and said to them, „Destroy this temple,
     and in three days I will raise it up.‟” {John 2:19}
• Who and what are the ―I‖ and the ―it?‖
   – The I — Jesus
   – The IT — His body
• Prophesy said His body would not see corruption or His
  spirit remain in Hades.
   – Psalm 16:8-10; Acts 2:27
             The Resurrection
• What does it all mean?
• So Jesus’ spirit came from the Hadean realm and
  reunited with His body, giving it life again—body and
  Spirit!
• All men—both righteous and wicked—will be
  resurrected at the same time!
   – “Do not marvel at this; for the hour is coming in which
     all who are in the graves will hear His voice and come
     forth--those who have done good, to the resurrection of
     life, and those who have done evil, to the resurrection of
     condemnation.” {John 5:28,29}
             The Resurrection
• What kind of bodies will the resurrected have?
• Paul spoke of the resurrected bodies of the
  righteous—nothing is said about the unrighteous…
• “So also is the resurrection of the dead. The body is
  sown in corruption, it is raised in incorruption. It is
  sown in dishonor, it is raised in glory. It is sown in
  weakness, it is raised in power. It is sown a natural
  body, it is raised a spiritual body. There is a natural
  body, and there is a spiritual body.”
  {1 Corinthians 15:42-44}
   – Incorruptible, glorious, powerful and spiritual
              The Judgment
• This is not listed on our chart—it takes place after
  the resurrection and before final rewards.
• Judgment is certain.
• “For we must all appear before the judgment seat
  of Christ, that each one may receive the things
  done in the body, according to what he has done,
  whether good or bad.” {2 Corinthians 5:10}
  – No one will escape this judgment!
            The Judgment
• Greatest Judge: Jesus Christ, God’s Son
  – Acts 17:30
• Greatest Crowd: All from Adam on
  – 2 Corinthians 5:10
• Greatest Standard: God’s word, the truth
  – Romans 2:2
• Greatest Record: The Book of Life
  – Revelation 20:12,15
            The Judgment
• Greatest Verdict: Come or depart
  – Matthew 25:34,41
• Greatest Award: Eternal life
  – Matthew 25:46
• Greatest Condemnation: Everlasting
  punishment
  – 2 Thessalonians 1:8,9
                     Heaven
• The place prepared for those who are faithful to
  God…
  – “Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus
    Christ, who according to His abundant mercy has
    begotten us again to a living hope through the
    resurrection of Jesus Christ from the dead, to an
    inheritance incorruptible and undefiled and that does
    not fade away, reserved in heaven for you, who are
    kept by the power of God through faith for salvation
    ready to be revealed in the last time.” {1 Peter 1:3-5}
                     Heaven
• The place prepared for those who are faithful to
  God…
  – “... Who are these arrayed in white robes, and where
    did they come from? And I said to him, „Sir, you know.‟
    So he said to me, „These are the ones who come out
    of the great tribulation, and washed their robes and
    made them white in the blood of the Lamb. Therefore
    they are before the throne of God, and serve Him day
    and night in His temple. And He who sits on the
    throne will dwell among them.‟” {Revelation 7:13-15}
                  Heaven
• The place prepared for those who are
  faithful to God…
  – “They shall neither hunger anymore nor
    thirst anymore; the sun shall not strike
    them, nor any heat; for the Lamb who is in
    the midst of the throne will shepherd them
    and lead them to living fountains of waters.
    And God will wipe away every tear from
    their eyes.” {Revelation 7:16,17}
                Hell (Gehenna)
• The place of Divine retribution for one’s evil
  deeds. Used 12 times in the NT.
   – “If your right eye causes you to sin, pluck it out and
     cast it from you; for it is more profitable for you that
     one of your members perish, than for your whole
     body to be cast into hell. And if your right hand
     causes you to sin, cut it off and cast it from you; for it
     is more profitable for you that one of your members
     perish, than for your whole body to be cast into hell.”
     {Matthew 5:29,30}
                Hell (Gehenna)
• The place of Divine retribution for one’s evil
  deeds. Used 12 times in the NT.
   – “If your hand causes you to sin, cut it off. It is better
     for you to enter into life maimed, rather than having
     two hands, to go to hell, into the fire that shall never
     be quenched—where 'Their worm does not die, And
     the fire is not quenched.‟” {Mark 9:43}
   – “But I will show you whom you should fear: Fear Him
     who, after He has killed, has power to cast into hell;
     yes, I say to you, fear Him!” {Luke 12:5}
            Hell (Gehenna)
• Described as…
  – Lake of fire
  – Where the worm does not die
  – Fire is not quenched
  – Outer darkness
  – Eternal separation from God
  – With the devil and his angels
  – Tormented day and night
• One does NOT want to be in this place!
          Things the Rich Man
           Learned Too Late
• He failed to learn them, so they were of
  no value to him after death—but they
  can be valuable lessons for us:
  1. What it is to be truly successful.
     • Riches are not a mark of true success.
     • Lazarus had no worldly goods, but He was
       successful.
     • Success is not determined by one’s bank
       account or possessions. (Luke 12:15)
          Things the Rich Man
           Learned Too Late
• He failed to learn them, so they were of
  no value to him after death—but they
  can be valuable lessons for us:
  2. Too late, he learned that the torments and
     misery beyond death are real!
     • Indescribably great
     • Flames that cannot be extinguished with any
       amount of water!
     • Understanding it will never end!
       (Matthew 25:46)
          Things the Rich Man
           Learned Too Late
• He failed to learn them, so they were of
  no value to him after death—but they
  can be valuable lessons for us:
  3. Too late, he learned about loving God,
     obeying His will, and walking with Him—he
     should have paid more attention.
     • Obedience does matter!
     • God’s laws were given for a purpose.
     • God’s justice demands consequences.
       (Hebrews 5:9)
          Things the Rich Man
           Learned Too Late
• He failed to learn them, so they were of
  no value to him after death—but they
  can be valuable lessons for us:
  4. Too late, he learned the importance of
     warning and influencing others (especially
     those dear to him) to prepare for eternity!
     • Wasted opportunities!
     • Warnings that should have been heeded.
     • The truth of God’s words. (Matthew 7:21)
            Things the Rich Man
             Learned Too Late
•   He failed to learn them, so they were of
    no value to him after death—but they
    can be valuable lessons for us:
    5. Too late, he learned that his sins could
       and would separate him from God and
       keep him out of heaven!
        • Choices mean something!
        • Terribleness of sin.
        • What could have been… {Romans 6:23}
           Things the Rich Man
            Learned Too Late
•   He failed to learn them, so they were of
    no value to him after death—but they
    can be valuable lessons for us:
    6. Too late, he learned that whatever a man
       sows, he will also reap!
        • The value of spiritual choices.
        • No one to blame but himself.
        • Should have considered more carefully.
          {Galatians 6:7,8}
  From This Impressive and Instructive
    Historical Story We May Learn…

1. Between death and the resurrection,
   there is an intermediate place of
   existence (Hades) where the immortal
   spirit abides.
2. The spirit that gives life to the body
   does not die with the physical body.
3. The spirit is conscious after death; it
   does not sleep or go out of existence
   (annihilated) until the resurrection as
   some teach.
  From This Impressive and Instructive
    Historical Story We May Learn…
4. Angels escorted Lazarus to Abraham’s
   bosom. Does this mean that all the
   righteous will have some type of
   escort? Not needing to face the
   unknown alone.
5. After death, the righteous go to a place
   of comfort; it is referred to as paradise
   or Abraham’s bosom.
  From This Impressive and Instructive
    Historical Story We May Learn…

6. immediately following death, the
   wicked are consigned to a place of
   torment and misery.
7. When death comes, a person’s eternal
   destiny is sealed. There are no second
   chances. In Hades, one cannot cross
   from the side of torments to the side of
   comfort.
   From This Impressive and Instructive
     Historical Story We May Learn…
8. God’s word provides sufficient information and
   warning to prepare us for death and the future
   life. In this dispensation, we have the gospel of
   Christ revealed in the New Testament. It appeals
   to reason, conscience, emotions, hopes, and
   fears. It is God’s power to save, for in it is
   revealed God’s plan for saving mankind. It is
   His final appeal to us. No dead person will
   return to this world to tell anyone about what he
   has seen.
   From This Impressive and Instructive
     Historical Story We May Learn…
9. In verse 24 and in John 13:26, we have the only times
   where the Greek word for baptism is translated. In all
   other places where the word is found, it is
   transliterated. That is, English letters have been
   substituted for the Greek letters, euphemized, and
   pronounced in English. In verse 24 and in John 13:26,
   it’s translated dip, dipped. If the men who translated
   the Bible had translated the Greek word for baptism in
   all other places, they would have prevented a lot of
   controversy and helped readers to see the truth about
   the action involved in baptism.
This Story Refutes Some Doctrinal Errors

1. It refutes Universalism.
  – Universalism teaches that ALL will be
    saved.
  – The rich man was “tormented in this
    flame.”
  – In lost condition and suffering punishment
  – Punishment is as certain as salvation.
    •   Luke 16:24
    •   Matthew 25:46
    •   John 5:28,29
    •   Revelation 21:
This Story Refutes Some Doctrinal Errors

2. It refutes the claims of Spiritualism.
  – Spiritualism is the belief that the living can
    communicate with the dead.
  – There was no communication between
    the rich man and his brothers, or even
    between Lazarus and the brothers.
  – In the Old Testament, such attempts were
    punishable by death.
     •   Deuteronomy 18:9-14
This Story Refutes Some Doctrinal Errors

3. It refutes the doctrine of Purgatory.
  –   The Council of Trent taught, “That God
      does not always remit the temporal
      punishment due to forgiven sin. The
      Scriptures teach that nothing defiled can
      enter heaven…and that Christians often
      die with venial sins upon their souls. All,
      therefore, who die in venial sins, or with
      the temporal punishment of their sins still
      unpaid must atone for them in Purgatory.”
      (Bertrand L. Conway, C.S.P. the Question
      Box, pg. 394)
This Story Refutes Some Doctrinal Errors

3. It refutes the doctrine of Purgatory.
  – The Rich Man could not pass from the torment side of
    Hades to the comfort side because their was a great
    gulf FIXED. (Luke 16:26)
  – The eternal destinies of righteous Lazarus and the
    wicked Rich Man were sealed at the moments of their
    deaths.
  – They could not be changed by suffering, prayer,
    suffrages of faithful friends on earth, or by acceptable
    sacrifices on the altar!
This Story Refutes Some Doctrinal Errors

4. It refutes the doctrine of direct
   operation of the Holy Spirit.
  – The doctrine says that you are born with
    Adam’s sin and are totally depraved so
    you cannot do anything to be saved.
  – You must wait for the Holy Spirit to do His
    work on you to enable you to believe and
    obey.
  – The Rich Man did not request that the Holy
    Spirit go to his brothers; he asked
    Abraham to send Lazarus. (Luke 16:27-31)
This Story Refutes Some Doctrinal Errors

4. It refutes the doctrine of direct
   operation of the Holy Spirit.
  – Jesus taught that men are saved through
    the preaching of the word. (John 6:44,45)
  – The apostle Paul said that the gospel is
    God’s power unto salvation. (Romans
    1:16,17)
This Story Refutes Some Doctrinal Errors

5. It refutes the doctrine of Predestination.
  – This is Calvinistic doctrine that says God
    predetermined and pre-selected certain ones to be
    saved and certain ones to be lost, and there is
    nothing an individual can do about it.
  – The Rich Man wanted Lazarus to return to his
    brothers for he knew that they could escape the
    torments of Hades and hell if they would hear and
    obey his words.
     •   Luke 16:29
This Story Refutes Some Doctrinal Errors

5. It refutes the doctrine of
   Predestination.
  – Abraham told him they had the prophets
    and Moses—obedience to their words
    would allow them to avoid torments.
  – It’s a matter of man’s choice—not God’s!
     •   Matthew 11:28-30
     •   2 Peter 3:9
     •   Acts 13:46

				
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