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PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION PROCESS.ppt

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PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION PROCESS.ppt Powered By Docstoc
					How a President is Elected
                     Leading Democratic Candidates
                          for President in 2008
                          Barack Obama—U.S. Senator (Illinois)
                          Hilary Clinton—U.S. Senator (New York)
                          Jonathan Edwards—former U.S. Senator
                           (North Carolina)
                          Bill Richardson—Governor of New Mexico
                          Dennis Kucinich—U.S. Representative (Ohio)
                          Joe Biden—U.S. Senator (Delaware)


                                                                                                                                                                           Bill Richardson




John Edwards


                          Hilary Clinton
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yRKa2-Zb_GU   http://video.google.com/videosearch?q=republican%20presidential%20primary%202008&rls=com.microsoft:*:IE-SearchBox&oe=UTF-8&


December 2007 debate
                                             sourceid=ie7&rlz=1I7GPEA_en&um=1&ie=UTF-8&sa=N&hl=en&tab=wv#q=republican+presidential+primary+2008&rls=com.microsoft%3
                                             A*%3AIE-SearchBox&oe=UTF-8&sourceid=ie7&rlz=1I7GPEA_en&um=1&ie=UTF-8&sa=N&hl=en&tab=wv&start=10
                                             (obama v. Hillary primary battle in NC, IN) (first 3 minutes)
                                                                                                                                                                            Dennis Kucinich
     Leading Republican Candidates
          for President in 2008

                       Mike Huckabee—
                        Governor of Arkansas                                                          Mike Huckabee

                       John McCain—U.S.
                        Senator (Arizona)
                        Mitt Romney—
Rudy Giuliani           Governor of
                        Massachusetts
                       Rudy Giuliani—former                                                             John McCain
                        Mayor of New York
                       Ron Paul—U.S.
                        Representative (Texas)


 Ron Paul       http://video.google.com/videosearch?q=republican%20primary%20debates%202008&rls=co
                m.microsoft:*:IE-SearchBox&oe=UTF-8&sourceid=ie7&rlz=1I7GPEA_en&um=1&ie=UTF-8&sa=N&hl=en&tab=wv#
                (Republican primary debate) (9:00)                                                        Mitt Romney
    Primary Elections
              January--June of presidential
               election year
              Members of each political party
               vote for who they want to
               represent their party in the
               general election
              Whatever % vote a candidate
               gets, they get that % of the
               party’s delegates from that
               state pledged to vote for them
               at the national convention

Example:
Whichever Democratic candidate gets 2,000 delegates
pledged to vote for them at the Convention will be the
party’s candidate for president.
The California Democratic Party will send 400 delegates
to the Convention.
Primary election results:
Clinton 43%-- (400 X .43 = 172 committed delegates)
Obama 36%-- (400 X .36 = 144 committed delegates)
Edwards 16%-- (400 X .16 = 64 committed delegates)
Kucinich 5%-- (400 X .05 = 20 committed delegates)
 Obama at DNC




       National Party Conventions
                             Delegates selected by the states

Held during the summer before
   the national election
Three major things happen at
   the Convention:
1. Delegates selected by the
   states get together and
   formally choose their party’s
   candidate
2. Party members write a “party
   platform”
3. Presidential nominee
   announces vice-presidential
   running mate
                                                                Palin at RNC
Party Platform
               General Election Campaign



     August-November
      Speeches
      Debates
     (McCain v. Obama)



              Television
               commercials
     (McCain)



     (Obama)


Paris Hilton      McCain’s “celebrity” commercial
                  Election Day
   1st Tuesday after the
    first Monday in
    November in years
    evenly divisible by 4;
    2000, 2004, 2008, 2012
   Constitutionally, voters
    choose “electors”




                    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1BtBRwUM2yg&feature=related
       Electoral College Meets
Mid-December
Electors from each state
   meet in the various
   state capitols and vote



                              Nebraska electors meet in Omaha




                         Then in D.C. the electoral votes
                         are officially recognized
Pledged To: John McCain
Linda Ackerman Andrea Jones-Rivera Jennifer Russo
IRVINE, CA HERMOSA BEACH, CA EL DORADO HILLS, CA
Steve Baric Kenneth Kobrin Arnold Schwarzenegger
RANCHO SANTA MARGARITA, CA SACRAMENTO, CA SACRAMENTO, CA
Charles Bell Tony Krvaric Bonnie Shea
SACRAMENTO, CA SAN DIEGO, CA TEHACHAPI, CA
Doug Boyd Bill Leonard Truong Si
GLENDORA, CA SACRAMENTO, CA INGLEWOOD, CA
Kathy Brugger Benjamin Lopez Mike Spence
ETIWANDA, CA WEST COVINA, CA
Paul Bruno Jim Lopez Cheyenne Steel
MONTEREY, CA BAKERSFIELD, CA PALOS VERDES PININSULA, CA
Robert Bryn Jerry Maltby Shawn Steel
WILLIAMS, CA PALOS VERDES PININSULA, CA
Lois Buhler Tom McClintock Tony Strickland
PALO ALTO, CA THOUSAND OAKS, CA MOORPARK, CA
Keith Carlson Charles McDougal Tom Tellefsen
HUNTINGTON BEACH, CA SAN FRANCISCO, CA PACIFIC PALISADES, CA
Dave Cogdill Bruce McPherson Van Tran
MODESTO, CA WESTMINSTER, CA
Chuck DeVore Dick Mountjoy Mike Villines
IRVINE, CA MONROVIA, CA FRESNO, CA
Tom Del Beccaro Charles Munger, Jr. Acquanetta Warren
LAFAYETTE, CA PALO ALTO, CA FONTANA, CA
Jeff Denham Ron Nehring Bill Wassink
ATWATER, CA EL CAJON, CA LONG BEACH, CA
Jon Flelschman Claude Parrish Meg Whitman
RANCHO SANTA MARGARITA, CA PALOS VERDES PININSULA, CA ATHERTON, CA
Brian Forrest Steve Polzner Mark Wyland
FRESNO, CA LOS GATOS, CA SACRAMENTO, CA
Laura Gadke Bok Pon
TULARE, CA SAN FRANCISCO, CA
Larry Greenfield Chuck Poochgian
SHERMAN OAKS, CA FRESNO, CA
          Inauguration Day


                 January 20th
                 Previous president
                  leaves office
                 New president takes
                  oath of office and
                  assumes power

        Obama inauguration


            Transfer of
            power (4:00)
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8NDk-uP_B2Q   http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mS1j3HGANcA&NR=1
Helicopter takes off (7:00)                  (helicopter takes off) (1:31)
What is the Electoral College?
   Method spelled out in the Constitution
    for how we elect the president
   “Popular vote” is indirectly, not directly
    used
    Electoral College Game

 Each state has a “point” value (# of U.S.
  Representatives from that state + # of
  U.S. Senators from that state)
 Example:

California 53 Representatives + 2 Senators = 55 Electoral
                                                Votes

Alabama     7 Representatives + 2 Senators =  9 Electoral
                                                   Votes
Electoral College Game continued


Whichever candidate gets more popular
 votes in a state gets ALL that state’s
 electoral votes (points)

Whichever candidate gets 270 electoral
 votes (points) WINS!
Gore (Blue)--266   Bush (Red)--271
     2004 Electoral College Map
Kerry (Blue)--251    Bush (Red)--286
Obama v. McCain 2008




http://www.realclearpolitics.com/epolls/maps/obama_vs_mccain
Why did the Founding Fathers
set it up this way?
   Poor Communication
   Mistrust of the
    people
Main problem with the
Electoral College
   Popular vote winner can lose election
              # of   Popular Popular Popular            Electoral   Electoral
                                                         Votes      Votes (D)
             Electo- Votes    Votes   Vote                 (R)
               ral     (R)     (D)   Differ-
             Votes                    ential

Illinois                        5,000,000                    0        21
                       0                    +5,000,000(D)
              21
(5 mill.)
Calif.        55    6,000,001                 +2 (R)        55         0
                                5,999,999
(12 mill.)
New York      31                9,000,000              0
                           0                                           31
(9 mill.)                               +9,000,000 (D)



Total
   Total
                                       +13,999,998 (D)
                                                            55        52
                        Electoral College Officially Meets to Vote
                                                             Original video that comes up is not the one—
                                                             scroll down to Electoral College
                                                             Vote Count (28:00)

              http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BcGt8hQZzg4




http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ok_VQ8I7g6I&feature=related
Electoral college for Dummies video 3:43
   See Electors of California list

				
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