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					Hypocrites and Backsliders
        Lesson 23
       Spiritual Death
                    Simple Mitosis




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               Meiosis in the Male




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            Meiosis in the Female




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                The Three Part Man
• Throughout both the Old and New
  Testament, the Scriptures reveal that man
  has been created with three basic parts: the
  body, the soul, and the spirit.
• This trichotomous view of man is apparent
  even from the moment of man’s creation.



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                The Three Part Man
• Genesis 2:7 ―Jehovah God formed man with the
  dust of the ground.‖
• With this act, God created man’s body.
• The verse continues, ―And breathed into his nostrils
  the breath of life.‖
• ―Breath‖ is derived from the Hebrew word
  neshamah which, significantly, is translated ―spirit‖
  in Proverbs 20:27: ―The spirit [neshamah] of man is
  the lamp of Jehovah.‖

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                The Three Part Man
• We can thus conclude, that God’s breathing
  into man the breath of lives produced man’s
  spirit.
• Zechariah 12:1 corroborates the creation of
  man’s spirit by telling us that just as Jehovah
  stretched forth the heavens and laid the
  foundation of the earth, He also formed the
  spirit of man within him.

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                The Three Part Man
• Genesis 2:7 concludes ―And man became a
  living soul.‖
• The soul (man’s intrinsic person) was the
  issue of the breath of God entering into the
  nostrils of the body of dust.
• The biblical record of the three-step creation
  of man clearly reveals him to be tripartite.

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                The Three Part Man
• The New Testament continues and expands on this
  revelation.
• First Thessalonians 5:23 says, ―And the God of
  peace Himself sanctify you wholly, and may your
  spirit and soul and body be preserved complete,
  without blame, at the coming of our Lord Jesus
  Christ.‖
• Here Paul enumerates man’s three distinct parts:
  ―spirit and soul and body,‖ the repetition of the
  conjunction ―and‖ serving to reinforce their
  distinctness.
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                 The Three Part Man
• Furthermore, Hebrews 4:12 specifies ―The word of
  God is living and operative and sharper than any
  two-edged sword, and piercing even to the dividing
  of soul and spirit and of joints and marrow.‖
• All three parts are once again mentioned in this
  verse: the joints and marrow pertain to the body,
  and the soul is explicitly separate from the spirit.
• These Old and New Testament references
  exemplify the Bible’s consistent presentation of the
  tripartite man.
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                The Three Part Man
• In Clarence Larkin’s book Dispensational
  Truth or God’s Plan and Purpose in the Ages,
  he describes man as a ―trinity‖ made up of
  body, soul, and spirit.
• He then proceeds to compare the threefold
  nature of man to the three sections of the
  tabernacle.


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                 The Three Part Man
• The ―Threefold Nature of Man‖ may be illustrated by the
  Tabernacle…The Tabernacle and its Courtyard is a type of
  the ―Threefold Nature of Man.‖ The ―Courtyard‖ represents
  his Body, the ―Holy Place‖ his Soul, and the ―Most Holy
  Place‖ his Spirit…
• After the completion of the Tabernacle it remained empty of
  the ―Presence of God‖ until the ―Spirit of God‖ descended
  and took up His abode in the ―Most Holy Place.‖




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                The Three Part Man
• So a man may be complete as to body, soul and
  spirit, but his spiritual nature will remain
  unregenerate until the Holy Spirit enters and takes
  possession of the ―spirit‖ compartment of his nature.
• This happens when the ―New Birth‖ takes place.




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                The Three Part Man
• The difference between plant and animal life
  is, that the plant has not ―conscious‖ life,
  while the animal has a ―living (conscious)
  soul.‖
• The difference between animal life and
  human life is, that while animals have a ―living
  soul‖ man has more, he has a ―spirit….‖


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                The Three Part Man
• In Earth’s Earliest Ages, G.H. Pember employs
  Scripture to refute the erroneous notion that man
  has only two parts as well as prove that man is
  tripartite.
• ―Thus in the very beginning of Scripture we are
  warned against the popular phraseology of soul and
  body, which has long sustained an erroneous belief
  that man consists of but two parts….
• There are, however, one or two passages in which
  a reference to the threefold composition of our
  being could not be obscured.

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                The Three Part Man
• Such is the very remarkable verse in the
  Epistle to the Hebrews: ―For the Word of God
  is living, and powerful, and sharper than any
  two-edged sword, piercing even to the
  dividing asunder of soul and spirit, and of the
  joints and marrow and is a discerner of the
  thoughts and intents of the heart‖ (Heb. iv.
  12).

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                The Three Part Man
• Here Paul plainly speaks of the immaterial part of
  man as consisting of two separable elements, soul
  and spirit; while he describes the material portion as
  made up of joints and marrow, organs of motion
  and sensation….
• Another obvious passage is the well-known
  intercession of Paul for the Thessalonians: ―And I
  pray God your whole spirit and soul and body be
  preserved blameless unto the coming of our Lord
  Jesus Christ‖ (1 Thess. v. 23).
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                The Three Part Man
• Now the body we may term the sense -
  consciousness,
• the soul the self - consciousness,
• and the spirit the God - consciousness.
• For the body gives us the use of the five senses; the
  soul comprises the intellect which aids us in the
  present state of existence, and the emotions which
  proceed from the senses; while the spirit is our
  noblest part, which came directly from God, and by
  which alone we are able to apprehend and worship
  Him.‖ (End Pember)
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                 The Three Part Man
• In Watchman Nee’s book The Christian Life and
  Warfare originally published in 1927, he clearly
  demonstrates from 1 Thessalonians 5:23 that man
  has three parts.
• ―The Word of God does not divide man into two
  parts, the soul and the body.
• Rather, it divides man into three parts: the spirit, the
  soul, and the body.
• First Thessalonians 5:23 says, ―Sanctify you wholly,
  and may your spirit and soul and body be preserved
  complete.‖
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                The Three Part Man
• This verse clearly shows a distinction between the
  spirit and the soul.
• Otherwise, it would not have said, ―Your spirit and
  soul,‖ but rather, ―Your spirit-soul.‖
• Since God has said this, we can see that there is a
  distinction between man’s spirit and his soul.
• From this we can conclude that man is divided into
  three parts—the spirit, the soul, and the body.

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                The Three Part Man
• The first chapter of Watchman Nee’s book
  The Spiritual Man is entitled ―The Spirit, The
  Soul, and The Body.‖ Here, Nee further
  emphasizes and elaborates on the fact that
  man is composed of three parts.
• First Thessalonians 5:23 says, ―The God of
  peace Himself sanctify you wholly, and may
  your spirit and soul and body be preserved
  complete.‖
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                The Three Part Man
• This verse clearly divides a person into three
  parts: the spirit, the soul, and the body.
• Here the apostle mentioned the believers
  being sanctified ―wholly.‖
• This means that the whole being of the
  believers is to be sanctified.
• What did he mean when he said that a
  person is to be sanctified wholly?
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                The Three Part Man
• He meant that a person’s spirit, soul, and
  body are to be preserved complete. This is
  very clear; a complete person has a spirit, a
  soul, and a body.‖ (end Nee)




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                The Three Part Man
• In order to accurately and adequately define
  the spirit, soul, and body we must first identify
  the sphere in which each part functions.
• First and most crucial is the spirit, the faculty
  that enables man to communicate with God.
• With his human spirit, man can worship God,
  serve God, and know God intuitively.


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                The Three Part Man
• Second, the soul is that part which forms the
  personality of man and enables him to
  contact and function within the psychological
  realm.
• Finally, the physical body with its five senses
  enables man to relate to and communicate
  with the physical world.



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                      The Heart of Man
• Man’s heart, as revealed throughout
  Scripture, is to be a composition of all the
  parts of the soul as well as of the spirit,
  namely the conscience.
• It may sound odd to hear that the heart as a
  separate and distinct component of man, is a
  summation of several other parts.



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                      The Heart of Man
• Genesis 6:5: ―And Jehovah saw that the
  wickedness of man was great in the earth,
  and that every imagination of the thoughts of
  his heart was only evil continually.‖
  Furthermore, as Matthew 9:4 reports, ―Jesus,
  knowing their thoughts, said, Why are you
  thinking evil things in your hearts?‖



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                       The Heart of Man
• To identify the will as pertaining to the heart, we
  must consult Acts 11:23: ―Who, when he arrived
  and saw the grace of God, rejoiced and encouraged
  them all to remain with the Lord with purpose of
  heart.‖
• In addition, the second half of Hebrews 4:12 speaks
  of the Word’s ability to discern, ―the thoughts and
  intentions of the heart.‖
• Both ―purpose‖ and ―intentions‖ are functions of the
  will, indicating that the will, likewise, is part of the
  heart.
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                      The Heart of Man
• The Bible clearly indicates that all three
  components of the soul–the mind, will, and
  emotion (from the body)–also affect the heart,
  together with the spirit–the conscience and
  the ability to worship and commune with God.




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                      The Heart of Man
• Several other portions of the Word prove that the
  emotion originating in the body also affects the
  heart.
• In John 16:6, the Lord tells His disciples, ―But
  because I have spoken these things to you, sorrow
  has filled your heart.‖
• Later in that same chapter, the Lord continues,
  ―Therefore you also now have sorrow; but I will see
  you again and your heart will rejoice, and no one
  takes your joy away from you.‖
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                      The Heart of Man
• Since sorrow and rejoicing, human emotions,
  are so evidently linked here to the heart, we
  can say that man’s emotional faculty plays a
  part in the function of the heart.
• Finally, the Word makes it clear that the
  leading part of the spirit (the conscience) is
  also integrally related to the heart.


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                      The Heart of Man
• Hebrews 10:22 strongly links these two: ―Having our
  hearts sprinkled from an evil conscience.‖
• Additionally, 1 John 3:20 warns, ―Because if our
  heart blames us, it is because God is greater than
  our heart and knows all things.‖
• Blame and condemnation are the primary functions
  of the conscience, further proof that our conscience
  affects our heart.



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                       The Heart of Man
• So, what is the Heart of Man?
• It is the ―Doing and Being‖ part of man.
• Man’s decisions and actions.
• It is where Man’s decisions become part of him:
• ―As a man thinks in his heart, so is he‖
• After a person has ruminated the contents of his mind
  (thinking), the emotional contribution from his physical body,
  and made a determination as to his choice, his volition
  passes it into his heart.

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                      The Heart of Man
• Of course, the Spiritual Function of man, his
  connection to God, should have influenced the
  decision-making process, but as we shall see,
  Spiritual Death has eliminated this from man’s
  decision making process, and therefore his heart.
• Genesis 6:5: ―And Jehovah saw that the
  wickedness of man was great in the earth, and that
  every imagination of the thoughts of his heart was
  only evil continually.‖


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                The Three Part Man
• Next, we will quickly review from our last 2
  lessons, information about the 7 Deaths in
  the Bible, and some pertinent passages
  related to Spiritual Death (SD).
• Then we will introduce more pertinent
  passages and add them to our knowledge
  base, before we enter into a study of the
  Mechanics of Spiritual Death.


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           The Doctrine of Death
•      The 7 Deaths of Scripture: (Thanatos)
•      Physical Death
•      Spiritual Death
•      The Second Death
•      Positional Death
•      Sexual Death
•      Operational Death
•      Temporal Death

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              The Doctrine of Deaths
•        Spiritual Death: Ephesians 2: 1; Romans
         5:12; 1st Cor. 15:22; Prov. 14:12
            The Spiritual Relationship with God is
            absent.
            The Soul and God are separated.




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                       Spiritual Death
• Death is separation.
• A physical death is the separation of the soul from
  the body.
• Spiritual death, which is of greater significance, is
  the separation of the soul from God.


• In Genesis 2:17, God tells Adam that in the day he
  eats of the forbidden fruit he will ―surely die.‖
• Adam does fall, but his physical death does not
  occur immediately; God must have had another
  type of death in mind—spiritual death.


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                      Spiritual Death
• This separation from God is exactly what we see in
  Genesis 3:8.
• When Adam and Eve heard the voice of the Lord,
  they ―hid themselves from the presence of the
  LORD God.‖
• The fellowship had been broken.
• They were spiritually dead.


• When Jesus was hanging on the cross, He paid the
  price for us by dying on our behalf.

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                       Spiritual Death
• A person without Christ is spiritually dead.
• Paul describes it as ―being alienated from the life of
  God‖ in Ephesians 4:18. (To be separated from life
  is the same as being dead.)
• The natural man, like Adam hiding in the garden, is
  isolated from God.


• When we are born again, the spiritual death is
  reversed.
• Before salvation, we are dead (spiritually), but
  Jesus gives us life. ―And you hath he quickened
  [made alive], who were dead in trespasses and
  sins‖ (Ephesians 2:1).
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                      Spiritual Death
• Ephesians 2:1-3:
• "And you were dead in your trespasses and
  sins, in which you formerly walked according
  to the course of this world, according to the
  prince of the power of the air, of the spirit that
  is now working in the sons of disobedience.
  Among them we too all formerly lived in the
  lusts of our flesh, indulging the desires of the
  flesh and of the mind, and were by nature
  children of wrath, even as the rest."
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                      Spiritual Death
• (Eccl 12:7 KJV) Then shall the dust return to
  the earth as it was: and the spirit shall return
  unto God who gave it.




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