Docstoc

Baseline report - RCE Okayama

Document Sample
Baseline report - RCE Okayama Powered By Docstoc
					              Baseline report - RCE Okayama

1. Geographic Features of Okayama City
Okayama City, located on the Seto Inland Sea, is a transport hub. The city has a population of
approximately 670,000 and an area of 660 square kilometers, making it the second largest city in
Japan’s Chugoku region. The city is rich in nature and has farmlands and mountains, but is less likely
to be affected by natural disasters than other cities in similar environments. Okayama City also
preserves historical assets, including the legacy of the ancient Kibi culture, and has achieved a
balance between environment and development.


2. Values of the Okayama Region and Problems It Faces
The Okayama region has been developing steadily as the center of the Okayama Prefecture since the
Meiji era, about 140 years ago. It has acquired business, educational, cultural, political and
administrative functions and has all the facilities necessary for a comfortable lifestyle. Furthermore,
since modernization, the values of the city have lain in the areas of agriculture, medical care, welfare
and education. The region demonstrates the richness of both city and country life.

On the other hand, the Okayama region is facing a variety of problems, similar to other cities in Japan.
Okayama City is predicted to become an aged society with a declining birth rate due to dropping
fertility rates and longer average life span, with one out of five people being a senior citizen in 2010.
If this prediction comes true, the region’s economic power would decrease and the burden of social
insurance become heavier.

In addition, many urban problems, such as the abandoning of the midtown area due to suburban
sprawl, the destruction of fields, farmlands and natural environment in the suburbs, water pollution
from household wastewater, air pollution due to automobiles and illegal disposal of wastes, and
severe traffic congestion caused by over-dependence on private transportation, are sounding an
alarm for the sustainable development of the city.


3. Details of Authorization as an RCE
In Okayama, surrounded by nature, many citizens’ groups have been voluntarily participating in
environmental activities. These activities include installing natural energy equipment in a public facility
financed by public donations, protecting endangered freshwater fish in urban areas and fostering
children’s environmental conservation activities in cooperation with a variety of people living in the
region.

Okayama City, as an administrative body, launched the “Environmental Partnership Project” in April
2001 to support these activities, as well as to increase both the awareness of, and the voluntary
participation in environmental conservation efforts throughout the region. 800 groups comprising
about 30,000 people have taken part, indicating the success of the project. Okayama City also had the
opportunity to showcase the project in a side event of the World Summit in Johannesburg in 2002.

There are currently over 100 groups engaged in international exchange and cooperation in Okayama
region. A series of international meetings on health care, education, religion, and environment has
been held, by a network of NGOs since 1994, with the participation of children and leaders from
                                                    1
various countries. Based on these activities, a new NPO was established to create a flexible network
among these NGOs in 2004.

In addition, community center activities have flourished in the Okayama region and many people are
participating in lifelong study at these centers.

As mentioned above, a variety of organizations and institutions have carried out educational programs
focusing on the environment and intercultural understanding. Consequently, consultations among
these organizations, in response to the launch of DESD, led to the creation of the “Okayama ESD
Project.” This project aims to effectively promote ESD activities which reflect the nature of the
Okayama region. The final goal is to establish an RCE, along the lines proposed by the United Nations
University, and to develop a “sustainable society.”


   Since the activities of the Okayama RCE are virtually the same as those of the Okayama ESD
Project, they will be referred to as the Okayama ESD Project hereafter.


4. Educational Issues
The first issue concerns environmental education. At many elementary and junior high schools, the
time set aside for Sogotekina Gakushu (Integrated Studies) has been used to conduct environmental
education classes. Such education has also taken place at public education facilities, such as
community centers, and in recent years classes have also been conducted by a number of citizens’
groups. In addition, national, prefectural and municipal agencies have become involved in
environmental education, in accordance with their respective goals, and also support and provide
information for schools and citizens’ groups holding environmental education events. At regional
business places, as organizations pursue ISO 14001 certification, environmental management
systems have been established, thus driving the desire to provide environmental education for
employees.

Another issue relates to education on intercultural understanding. At many elementary and junior high
schools, Integrated Studies classes have been used to provide students with the chance to come into
contact with the culture and language of other nations, through exchanges with visiting foreign
instructors or non-Japanese residents of the local communities. In addition, in cooperation with related
groups, there have been exchanges between children in the Okayama region and those from
neighbouring countries.

However, in general these educational activities are undertaken separately by the various
organizations and groups, and there are gaps in the content, frequency and quality of the programs,
making it difficult to judge whether effective progress is being made in reaching the goals.

For this reason, there are a number of matters that must be dealt with in the future. These concern the
development of human resources and abilities, and of a learning facilities network that transcends the
boundaries of individual organizations. This also relates to the creation of an organization to
coordinate between schools and public education facilities, and the development of cooperative ties
between citizens, corporate groups and government agencies on various educations. Finally, there
will be a need to consider the creation of a framework that will allow diverse participants to share
information and work in cooperation.


                                                   2
5. RCE’s Role in the Okayama Region
The authorization of the Okayama region as an RCE in June 2005 means that:
 It will be easier for groups or individuals engaging in ESD-related activities in the region to create a
   flexible network for their common interests and purposes.
 Groups or individuals can access broader and more complex views and can engage in their
   activities across a wider area, as well as in a more meaningful way, through exchange of
   information and interaction with others both within and outside the region.
 In cooperation with higher educational institutions, such as universities, a higher level of
   knowledge and/or technique can be utilized.
 By exchanging information with RCEs around the world through the United Nations University,
   various groups, including administrative bodies, citizens’ groups, educational institutions and
   business organizations, will be encouraged to cooperate for higher quality ESD activities.


6. Okayama ESD Project Guidelines
 Target Areas of Activities
Target areas of the Okayama ESD Project are Okayama City and neighboring cities, towns and
villages. However, the area will initially be restricted to Okayama City and will then expand outwards
as the surrounding areas agree to join the Project.

 Coverage of the Okayama ESD Project
For the immediate future, the Okayama ESD Project will center on environmental education (EE) and
education for intercultural understanding, building on the existing activities. However, considering the
strategic perspectives of ESD stated in the International Implementation Scheme for UN DESD,
themes that can be realistically addressed and are significant will be included as appropriate. In
addition, within environmental education, there will be the utmost effort to account for social, economic
and cultural aspects.

 Time Frame
Since this Project aims to promote DESD at the regional level, the intended time frame will be for a
period of 10 years, starting April 2005. However, as this Project is only just getting underway, it will be
necessary to review the Project’s progress. To accomplish this, the Project will be sub-divided into
2-year periods, at the end of which the system, framework and concrete content of the program can be
evaluated, in light of the results and issues faced up to that point.


7. Goals and objectives of the Okayama ESD Project
A.   Goals of the Okayama ESD Project

 To deepen the understanding and knowledge of all people in the Okayama region with regard to
  Sustainable Development, and to expand the circle of people who address the challenge to realize
  a sustainable society throughout the region.
 To develop an organization that plays the core function for local ESD promotion out of the existing
  organizations. To develop sustainable ESD activities throughout the region by enhancing the
  ability to implement ESD that meets the characteristics of each relevant organization.




                                                    3
B.    Short-Term Objectives (April 2005- March 2007)

 To hold an ESD-related event at least once a year at every elementary school community in the
  target areas.
 To achieve, at a minimum, a 5 per cent participation rate from the population as a whole in
  activities related to establishing a sustainable society in the target areas

C.     Long-term Objectives (April 2005- March 2014)

 Establish a system to maintain and provide necessary information to promote effective ESD in the
  region.
 Based on the results of this project, an education program on ESD that can be applied to all levels
  of education and to the general public will be developed.
 Incorporate ESD viewpoints into the routine educational activities of all public primary and junior
  high schools, community centers, and at least one university in the region.
 Two or more organizations will incorporate ESD promotion as one of their tasks, and perform core
  functions for regional ESD promotion.
 Based on the cooperation between universities and the local community, the Okayama citizens’
  environmental university is set up for citizens to learn about ecology for a sustainable society, to
  train regional leaders for the creation of a sustainable society and to share achievements
  worldwide.


8. Project Policies
In accordance with the Project’s approach, the focus will be on the following steps.
Step 1    Strengthen Collaboration among ESD-related Institutions and Organizations
    Establish the Okayama ESD Promotion Commission
     This Commission will form the cornerstone of the Project, and will fulfill the following roles:
     - Develop concepts and plans for the promotion of the Project
     - Designate organizations and activities involved in the Project
     - Coordinate collaboration, exchanges and communication between organizations involved in ESD
     - Raise understanding and awareness of ESD throughout the region
     - Research and investigate methods which will effectively promote ESD activities that reflect the
        nature of the region

    Designate Primary Organizations and Activities
     Certain organizations will be designated for their roles in training instructors, assisting information
     exchange and in presenting the results of activities. In general, this process will involve the designation
     of the entire organization to fulfill this role. However, when necessary, due to the size of the
     organization or other reasons, the selection may be done at the level of individual programs.

     In addition, during the start-up phase of this Project, some of the expenses of citizens’ groups or
     school clubs which lack funds may be subsidized to assist them in carrying out requested duties.

    Formation of the Okayama ESD Network
     In order to support this Project, an Okayama ESD Network (hereafter “the Network”) will be
     established. The network will be composed of
     - the Okayama ESD Promotion Commission and affiliated bodies;

                                                       4
    -    designated organization and activities; and
    -    organizations which support the activities of the Okayama ESD Project.

    Note that the establishment of the Network does not represent the creation of a new organization, but
    rather the formulation of flexible, cooperative partnerships between groups involved in the Okayama
    ESD Project.

    In addition, to maintain and provide relevant information for organizations participating in the Network,
    an information service system will be established.

Step 2     Enhance the Capabilities of ESD Organizations
Organizations will work on the following issues, according to their make-up, in order to augment the
capabilities of ESD implementation.
   Improve the Skills and Abilities of Instructors
    The skills of educators and leaders involved in regional ESD activities will be improved through
    lectures on the latest SD knowledge and case studies of cutting-edge ESD programs. They will also be
    provided with opportunities to exchange information and opinions with one another.

   Upgrade the ESD Learning Program and Educational Materials
    Based on the results and issues facing organizations participating in this Project and based on
    instructive examples from other regions, diverse ESD learning programs and educational materials
    which address the roles and nature of the organizations, the aims of learning, and the learners’
    individuality will be systematically developed. A framework to provide them appropriately will also be
    established.

Step 3     Promote the Creation of Centers to Implement ESD
In addition to supporting ESD activities of organizations and groups, the following steps will be taken to
raise understanding and awareness of SD in the region.
   Develop an ESD Information Service System
    In order to support both the work of citizens and corporate groups working towards a sustainable
    society as well as the effective activities of organizations promoting ESD, information on the region’s
    environment, society, economics and culture will be systematically provided.

   Strengthen the Function of Existing Facilities and Create New Centers
    In the Okayama region there are, at present, a large number of facilities for public and academic
    education that serve as centers for educational activities for the entire region. By collaborating with
    these facilities, their ESD functions will be improved.

    Furthermore, from among such research and educational organizations, work will be done to develop
    those groups which will form the core of ESD activities in the region, and which will serve as the
    cornerstones for cooperation among the groups and organizations involved.

    Finally, as new regional ESD facilities and systems are established, the ability for these to function as
    centers for ESD implementation will be integrated into their design, thus strengthening the links
    between organizations and groups involved.

Step 4     Broaden the Range of Independent SD Activities
In order to expand work on establishing a sustainable society beyond the region, it is vital to raise

                                                      5
awareness and understanding of SD throughout the region by promoting appropriate ESD in related
institutions and organizations and, based on the results of these activities, promote independent, proactive
SD activities.

To that end, the organizations taking part in the Project will implement SD activities, as well as provide
education and support necessary for the intended ESD participants to develop and implement SD activities.



9. Structure of the Okayama ESD Project and its Operation
A.   Structure of the Okayama ESD Promotion Commission

This Commission was established to contribute to “Creating a Sustainable Society” by promoting effective
ESD throughout the Okayama region, resulting in a broad range of concerned organizations and
institutions in the region taking initiative in ESD activities.
 The Commission will create a network composed of the following affiliated bodies.
 Commission Council
      The Commission Council will make decisions on the implementation policies of the Project, and on the
      management policies of the Okayama ESD Promotion Commission.

    Steering Board
     The Steering Board will conduct detailed studies of the work of the Commission and, in line with the
     decisions of the Council, support the activities of organizations and groups involved in the Project, and
     organize promotional events.

    ESD Research Society
      The ESD Research Society will conduct research and studies to aid the progress of Okayama ESD
     activities and support instructors, in addition to developing programs which reflect the nature of the
     region.

    ESD Evaluation Committee
     The ESD Evaluation Committee will evaluate the results of activities undertaken by organizations
     connected with the Project.


     The participating Institutions and Organizations in the Okayama ESD Promotion Commission is shown

     below.

           Universities   Primary/Secondary/   Citizens’   Business        Media   Community   Total
                          High Schools         Groups      Organizations           Centers
           5              2                    10          1               3       1           31


B.   Operation of Okayama ESD Project

In cooperation with organizations which have agreed to this project, the Okayama ESD Promotion
Commission will operate the Okayama ESD project, and will research and investigate methods to
effectively promote ESD activities in the region. Primary organizations will understand the significance of
ESD through their participation in ESD-related training, lectures or events, while engaging in their
conventional activities, and will gradually incorporate the aims of ESD into their activities. The number of
primary organizations will increase steadily so that the concepts of ESD can be further incorporated into a
                                                       6
variety of educational activities in the region.

The Secretariat of the Commission is the Environmental Conservation Division, City of Okayama. Funds
will be entrusted by Okayama City and external subsidies.

C.    Support for ESD Activities

     Provision of Information on ESD
      To support ESD activities of the POAs, the Commission provides information on lectures that could be
      delivered, learning materials and activities relevant to ESD for those institutions or groups that want to
      learn ESD. The Commission may support honoraria for lecturers of ESD-related courses, as
      appropriate, within the available budget.

     Financial Support to ESD Activities
      The Commission may support part of the expenses for ESD activities conducted by schools or citizens’
      groups that need assistance. The Steering Board receives the request from the POAs that need
      financial support and decides on organizations to be supported, based on the guidelines for subsidy

          Subsidized Organizations in 2005:

          -   3 high schools
          -   1 junior high school
          -   3 elementary schools
          -   8 citizens’ groups

     Improvement of ESD-related Materials
      The Commission develops ESD-related materials such as leaflets or panels for the use of the general
      public and the POAs, and provides them as appropriate. The Secretariat of the Commission
      undertakes development of such improved materials within the available budget.

D.    Workshops and Events held by the Okayama ESD Promotion Commission
      ( April 2005-March 2006)

      The Okayama ESD Promotion Commission has sponsored or co-sponsored the following activities so
      far, and has been promoting understanding and cooperation for ESD concepts and activities among
      people in the region.

      April           Established ESD Promotion Commission.
      June            Conducted “Round Table Discussion in Okayama” for the leaders.
                      Conducted Workshop “First Step of ESD” for the leaders.
      July            Conducted Leadership Workshop on ESD for teachers.
      October         Co-hosted “Okayama ESD Workshop” for experts.
      November        Conducted Mini-Symposium on Sustainable Society for the general public.
      November        Conducted ESD learning seminar for the general public.
      Jan–Feb         Conducted ESD lecture series for the general public at community centers.
      Feb–Mar         Conducted ESD lecture series for community center workers.



10.     Activities of Designated Organizations and Activities in 2005
The number of designated organizations and activities as of March 2006 is shown below.
                                                    7
     University    Primary/Secondary/    Citizens’   Business       Media   Activities   Community    Total
                   High School           Group       Organization                        Center
     2             9                     17          2              1       11           11           53

[Activities held by primary organizations in 2005]

A.       Environmental education in which junior high, high school and university students work
         jointly in the region

         Students from junior and senior high schools and universities along the Sasagase River were the main
         participants of this activity. They conducted general investigations of the water quality of the river and
         of the headwaters of the lake, and took samples of the aquatic life near the riverbed. A survey was
         carried out among the local residents and students on their attitudes toward the environment. Based
         on these findings, a mini-symposium in which students and residents exchange opinions on the
         Sasagase River is being planned.

B.       Environmental investigations and large-scale cleanup activity held cooperatively with
         primary and junior high schools and the community

         In primary schools, learning was focused on nature in the school district. Classes were divided into
         levels appropriate for the children’s grade and were taught during the General Studies period. At junior
         high schools, students planned a general cleanup activity and encouraged primary schools to
         participate. Ninth graders conducted investigations into water and air pollution so as to find the actual
         state of environmental pollution. Based on these findings, they called on the PTA (Parent- Teacher
         Association) and community residents, and held a general cleanup of Lake Kojima.

C.       ESD Festival in which community residents met for discussion

         An overnight regional event was held as part of the environmental project in the Kyoyama region.
         Individuals who are regular participants met in the community center to exchange views. The forum
         was divided into 6 sectional meetings — accident prevention, universal design, traditional life and
         games, eco-cooking, eco-craft and prevention of global warming. People from many walks of life and
         age groups discussed the future development of human resources in the region.

D.       Environmental education at Satoyama Center

         A seminar was held for nursery school teachers to reconsider the significance of nature-based
         experiences in early childhood. Participants experienced activities such as feeling the wind with their
         eyes shut so as to understand the pleasures of nature. Following that, workshops were held to arrange
         programs for infants and to reconsider the meaning of nature-based experiences in early childhood.
         Through this activity, they realized that adults involved with infants have few nature-based experiences
         themselves, and that this has become a common social issue for all generations to consider. Many
         participants realized the importance of such experiences in developing a zest for life, as well as the
         importance of incorporating nature into everyday life.

E. Training course to groom new environmental leaders hosted by an NPO that performs
     environmental consulting

         Participants from business enterprises learned for 6 months about the relevance of various
         environmental issues, environmental laws, social responsibilities, ISO 14001, civil efforts, and so on.
                                                           8
     The goal of this course was to increase the number of environmental leaders in business enterprises
     and have them apply what they learned in the course.

F.   Energy school hosted by an NPO that addresses global warming

     Citizens who have learned about global warming issues and alternative energy resources in a series of
     seminars visited an area where wind-generated electricity is utilized. The purpose of the visit was to
     understand the current status of the development of natural energy technology.

G.   An agricultural high school that practices a farming village type resource-crop circulation
     system in cooperation with the region and other organizations and groups

     For 3 years now, all students have taken part in a school project in which they grow rapeseeds,
     process them into food oil, use it for cooking in a home economics class, process the oil waste into
     BDF at another industrial high school, and use the BDF as fuel for the project’s tractors. By actively
     providing information and promoting this activity on every possible occasion, it is expected that local
     residents or primary school students will become involved, leading to the development of the region.



<Reference>

1. Major activities which led to the Okayama ESD Project
A. ESD Environmental Project in the Kyoyama region

    Aims
     To allow children to interact with nature and the traditional life of the region by working together with
     people of different generations from various organizations outside of school, thereby allowing them not
     only to understand environmental issues but also to deepen their mutual understanding of people with
     different values, as well as to actively involve them in creating a sustainable society.

     To increase awareness and activity levels of environmental conservation in the entire region, as well
     as to extend the number of participants involved in this activity by participating in meetings or events
     within and outside the region and presenting achievements.

    Activity content
     Placing primary and junior high school students in the center, people from civilian organizations,
     corporations, government affiliations or students from universities and high schools jointly conduct
     environmental studies shown below using community centers as hubs.
     a. Environmental checkup
        Testing local waterways for water quality and aquatic life, for effects of pollution on plants, testing air
        for CO2 and particulate concentrations, measuring garbage, and surveying the number of
        automobiles in use throughout each of the four seasons.
     b. Exchanges within and outside the region
        Based on the results of the above mentioned environmental inspections, call a wide range of
        citizens in the region for participation at meetings and workshops to discuss current and future
        regional issues. Conduct field inspections in the northern areas of Okayama Prefecture, experience
        life in the areas, interact with local people and take part in various events dealing with the
        environment, where activities are presented and opinions are exchanged.

                                                         9
B. NGO Summit - Okayama International Contribution

   Aim
    An NGO network which provides international contribution is expected to be formed by holding
    meetings in the Okayama region every year to deal with common challenges of NGOs around the
    world. Activities on international cooperation and contributions in the Okayama region are thus
    expected to expand.
   Activity content
    Forums for exchanging opinions and communication between NGOs from around the world and
    affiliates of the Okayama region have been set up every year since 1994 to discuss global challenges
    such as emergency medical care, education (international understanding), religion, environment and
    welfare.

C. Environmental Partnership Project

   Aim
    The Environmental Partnership Project aims to support local environmental preservation activities and
    to foster the larger partnership, expanding the activity, and raising the consciousness of the
    participants that their activities will contribute not only to the improvement of the local environment but
    also to the global one through a flexible network of information sharing.

   Program Content

    Environmental preservation activities are divided into 2 main categories:
     - Eco-volunteer Activities, wherein voluntary environmental development activities are carried out in
        the communities.
     - Green Company Activities, wherein environmental management systems are implemented by
        corporate organizations.

    Registration procedures are kept simple and a broader spectrum for the activities was set up. On the
    other hand, assistance and information provided to citizens and enterprises were designed according
    to the activity content.

    A brief explanation of the registration procedures follows.
    1. Citizen organizations/corporate companies decide on details of their voluntary environmental
        protection activities and submit the application form to the city.
    2. The City of Okayama accepts the application if the submitted proposal meets the criteria set for the
        project. Then, the city enters into a mutual agreement with the participating party based on the
        contents of the activities handed in.
    3. The City of Okayama provides assistance to the participating party in organizing meetings and
        workshops for information exchange, providing necessary resources and equipment, and
        publishing newsletters to introduce the activities.
    4. The participating party submits a report following a year’s implementation of the activities to the
        city. The city awards them based on the submitted reports.

    The City of Okayama invited interested parties, through city newsletters and official websites, to join
    the program. The City also called on environmental organizations/groups to participate in the program
    through direct mail.




                                                     10
D. Proposal of DESD Program (“Save the Earth - Citizens Registration Rally” Project) to the
   headquarters of UNESCO

    Aims
     To expand the network of environmental activities and to strengthen the sense of solidarity beyond
     regional boundaries through the worldwide dissemination of the program, in conjunction with various
     other environmental actions as part of UNESCO’s activities.
     To serve as one of the universal indicators to measure the status of each city’s
     environmental operations.

    Program Content
     This program was prepared by Okayama City, based on the concept of the Okayama City
     Environmental Partnership Project. It was proposed to the headquarters of UNESCO in December
     2002 as one of the programs for the promotion of The United Nations Decade of Education for
     Sustainable Development in a related event of the World Summit on Sustainable Development held in
     Johannesburg, South Africa that same year.
       a. Citizens and corporate groups register the contents of their intended regional environmental
           activities with a reception agency in each city, and then report outcome afterwards.
       b. Registration agencies in each city not only report the status of registration and activity results to
           the coordinating body, but also recognize outstanding achievements and provide materials and
           know-how needed for the activities, while supporting mutual exchanges between the registered
           parties.
       c. The headquarters of UNESCO and governments of each country summarize activities and
           achievements of each city and work on global information sharing. They also provide registered
           parties with opportunities to exchange information and views beyond the regional framework,
           holding contests on the number of environmental volunteers and their activities in various cities,
           and rewarding outstanding cities.

     It is preferable that the headquarters of UNESCO works as the sanctioning body of the entire project,
     while local governments work as reception and registration organizations for activities of citizens and
     corporate groups. Operations will use simplified procedures, care will be taken to comply with the
     characteristics of each region and organization, and individual initiative of each entity will be
     encouraged.


2.   Basic concept of Okayama ESD Promotion Commission

    In view of the fact that the project is in its initial stage, the structure and operation of the Commission
     was designed in a manner to allow a variety of organizations, especially those representing the entire
     region, such as educational institutions and media to participate actively.
    The Commission members were nominated by recommendation from respective organizations based
     on the results of hearings conducted with personnel employed in various subdivisions of the Okayama
     City Office and involved in regional issues, and with educators who are closely linked to them.
    In order to initiate practical activities promptly, the range of the Commission was limited to a scale to
     facilitate communication between participants, and to enable meetings to proceed smoothly.
    Liaison and coordination of cooperation among organizations that proactively work on ESD are the
     original roles of the Commission. However, at the current stage where activities of the participating
     parties have not reached a certain level, emphasis is laid on building and supporting the organizations
     that work on ESD, and on improving the knowledge and understanding of ESD throughout the region.

                                                       11
    The “Steering Board” was formed as a secondary organization within the Commission to conduct the
    aforementioned tasks.
   It is unreasonable to expect significant achievements in project promotion with resources from the
    Commission alone. Therefore, the members of the Steering Board were nominated from those
    organizations having potential resources to offer. In the future, these organizations will support
    activities of the primary organizations or conduct publicity of the project, resulting in further resources
    from other organizations being added to this project.
   In general, publicity and understanding of ESD has not progressed adequately. In order to popularize
    ESD, obstacles to participation must be removed. Designating primary organizations or activities
    among those which have already been working on environmental education or international
    understanding, and supporting them to strengthen their activities from the viewpoint of ESD were
    considered as immediate tasks. Based on the case studies of the first year’s activities, proceedings of
    ESD hereafter that match regional needs are to be established through ESD training or information
    sharing.

3. Rules of the Okayama Education for Sustainable Development Promotion Commission

(Establishment)
Article 1 The Okayama Education for Sustainable Development Promotion Commission (hereinafter referred to
   as “Commission”) is established.
(Purpose)
Article 2 In the Okayama region, parties concerned have worked together to propose programs to the
   headquarters of UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) regarding the
   United Nations Decade of Education for Sustainable Development, and also have held various activities on
   Education for Sustainable Development (hereinafter referred to as “ESD”). Based on the aforementioned
   activities, the purposes for the establishment of this Commission are to build an activity structure on a regional
   level and to make a broad-based contribution to “Creating Sustainable Society.” The activity structure is to
   become the Regional Centre of Expertise on ESD, which has been proposed by the United Nations University,
   and is intended to further strengthen cooperation between institutions concerned and organizations in the
   region, and to promote effective ESD that matches regional needs.
(Project)
Article 3 The Commission performs the services below to accomplish the purposes in Article 2:
    (1) Development of project promotion concepts and project execution plans.
    (2) Support for organizations and activities involved with this project.
    (3) Liaison and coordination of cooperation and exchanges between each organization that works on ESD.
    (4) Improvement of knowledge and understanding of ESD for the entire region.
    (5) Investigation of methods for ESD promotion that meet with regional characteristics.
    (6) Other regional ESD promotional activities.
(Organization)
Article 4
1. The Commission is comprised of about 20 members who are either members of the various
     bodies concerned, learned and experienced people in the field, or personnel of the government
     institutions concerned.
2. Members terms are 2 years and a substitute can serve out the remainder of the term should the
     original member become unable to continue duties. There is an option for reappointment.
(Board Members)

Article 5
1. Board members of the Commission and their duties are stated below. Board members are
   elected by a mutual vote of members.
   1.1. Chairperson: An individual to represent the Commission, unify and manage business affairs.
   1.2. Vice Chairperson: A certain number of individuals to assist the Chairperson and substitute
        for the Chairperson in case of their absence or disability.
   1.3. Supervisor: A certain number of individuals to oversee expenditures and income and conduct
        other administrative activities.
2. A certain number of special board members such as Counselors may be instated into the
                                                        12
   Commission if required.
(Commission Council)
Article 6 The Commission Council is in place within the Commission for the purpose of deliberating
     important matters regarding ESD promotion in the Okayama region. The structure and members
     are as follows:
         (1) The Commission Council consists of Commission members.
         (2) The Chairperson of the Commission takes charge of affairs of the Commission Council.
(Steering Board)
Article 7 The Steering Board is in place within the Commission in order to work on detailed studies of
     items that are conducted by the Commission and to implement decisions made by the
     Commission Council. Structure and members of the Steering Board are as follows:
         (1) The Steering Board consists of special members who are appointed by the Chairperson
             from the body of members concerned with the Commission and others.
         (2) A President and Vice President are instated into the Steering Board and are elected by
             mutual voting of the members who belong to the Steering Board. The President takes
             charge of affairs of the Steering Board. The Vice President assists the President and
             substitutes for the President in case of their absence or disability.
  (ESD Research Society)
Article 8
1. The ESD Research Society (hereinafter referred to as “Research Society”) is in place within the
   Commission in order to carry out survey research of ESD, implement it, and maintain an
   interchange between parties concerned with promoting this project.
2. The Research Society performs the following services to accomplish the purposes in point 1 of
   this article:
   2.1 Undergo investigations and studies to build a Regional Centre of Expertise on ESD.
   2.2 Develop ESD programs that respond to the characteristics of the Okayama region.
   2.3 Provide various supports for implementing ESD.
   2.4 Offer exchanges between researchers and educational practitioners of ESD in the Okayama
        region.
   2.5 Develop materials related to ESD and implementation and studies of ESD.
3. Members of the Research Society consist of individuals and bodies that agree with the purpose of
   the Commission and implement or study ESD.
4. To operate the Research Society smoothly, a Caretaker Committee is established, consisting of a
Delegate Caretaker (1 person), Sub-delegate Caretaker (1 person), and Caretakers (8 or less individuals).
5. Caretakers are appointed from the members by the Chairperson. The Delegate Caretaker and Sub-delegate
Caretaker are elected by a mutual vote of caretakers.
6. The Delegate Caretaker performs liaison and coordination for accomplishment of the Research Society’s
goals and attends the Commission on behalf of the Research Society.
7. The Sub-delegate Caretaker assists the Delegate Caretaker and substitutes for the Delegate Caretaker
in case of their absence or disability.
8. The Caretaker Committee conducts decision-making of projects by the Research Society and
   may establish sectional meetings to achieve goals of the Research Society when the necessity is
   approved.
9. If necessary, the Delegate Caretaker may convene a general meeting of the Research Society to
   hear opinions of members and report or provide information to members.
          10. The Delegate Caretaker serves as Chairperson of the general meeting of the Research Society.
(ESD Evaluation Committee)
Article 9
     If necessary, the ESD Evaluation Committee (hereinafter referred to as “Evaluation Committee”)
     may be established within the Commission to verify achievements and activities of each
     organization as related to this project. The structure and members are as follows:
         (1) The Evaluation Committee consists of special members and are appointed from people
             who have special knowledge on regional ESD promotion by the Chairperson.
         (2) The President is instated into the Evaluation Committee and is elected by mutual voting
             of Evaluation Committee members. The President takes charges of affairs of the
             Evaluation Committee.
         (3) The special member appointed in advance by the President from among the special
             members substitutes for the President in case of their absence or disability.
                                                   13
(Meeting)
Article 10
1. The Commission Council is called by the Chairperson according to need or when one third or
   more of the members request so. The Chairperson chairs the Commission Council.
2. The Commission Council can be held only when a majority of the members attend.
3. Proceedings of the Commission Council are approved by a majority of attending members. When
   the number of members in agreement and disagreement is the same, the Chairperson decides.
4. The rules in the previous clauses of this article apply correspondingly to the Steering Board, the
   Caretaker Committee of the Research Society, a nd the Evaluation Committee.
(Attendance by Parties Concerned)
Article 11           When the Chairperson deems it necessary, th ey may request attendance of the
     concerned parties to the Commission Council, the Steering Board, the Caretaker Committee of
     the Research Society, and the Evaluation Committee to hear their opinions or explanations.
(Secretariat)
Article 12         The Secretariat is placed in the Environmental Conservation Division, Okayama
     City to handle administrative affairs of the Commission.
(Accounting)
Article 13
1. The followings apply to expenses of the commission.
    1.1 Burden Charge
    1.2 Grant and Subsidy
   1.3 Other Income
2. Regarding expenditure of operating expenses, Director of the Secretariat settles office work
   expenses that are ¥100,000 or less, and expenses exceeding ¥100,000 are settled by the
   President of the Steering Board.
(Others)
Article 14         The Chairperson separately decides necessary matters not addressed in these
   Rules for the Commission’s operation.

Additional Provision
The Rules of Okayama Education for Sustainable Development Promotion Commission are in effect
as of April 20, 2005.


4.   Institutions and Organizations Participating in the Okayama ESD Promotion
      Commission including its Affiliated Bodies (as of March 2006)

     Higher Education: Okayama University,
                          Okayama University of Science,
                          Kibi International University
     Educational Institutions/Societies: Association of Elementary School Principals in Okayama City,
                                              Association of Middle School Principals in Okayama City
     Governments: Okayama Environmental Affairs Office of Ministry of the Environment,
                   Okayama Center for Climate Change Actions,
                   Okayama City,
                   Okayama City Board of Education
     NGOs/Civil Society Organizations: Okayama UNESCO Association,
                                          Association of Okayama Environmental Counselors,
                                          Conference of Okayama International NGO Network,
                                          Okayama City Local Community Association,
                                          Okayama City Woman Association,
                                          Okayama City PTA Alliance
     Corporate Groups: Okayama Chamber of Commerce
     Media: NHK Okayama Station, Sanyo Shimbun, Yomiuri Shimbun Okayama Branch




                                                     14
5. Okayama ESD Project Schematic Diagram

                      NGO/Ci vil Society
                        Orga nization                                                                   Okayama ESD Project Schematic Diagram
                                                                                         Okayama ESD Promotion Commission

                      Corpo rate Groups
                                                                            Com m ission ! Council                                         Ste e ring Boa rd
                                                                                                                                % H:;*20(/4+E0(?3
                                                                   % E:0-6)+,46-3-:?3
                                                                                                                                % ,43-.?(/4+E;-*(;)
                          Go vern ments                            % A4.20(/:;)+,46-3-:?3                                         &;.(?-@(/-:?3+(?>+I6/-C-/-43
                                                                   % L2>.4/+I99;:C(0                                            % 89:?3:;3B-9+K33243
                                                                                                                                % E2J0-6-/)+<C4?/3
                                                                                                                                % K*904*4?/+J2>.4/+(?>+9;:.;(*3
                       Okay ama Univ ers ity ,
                 Okay ama Sc ienc e Univ ers ity ,
                Kibi International Univ ers ity , etc .
                           Res earc hers                                                      Evaluate Acti vities
                                                                                                                                        Suppo rt
                                                                                                                         Rep orting

                                                                       Coo peration                 Coo peration
                                                                                                                                      "#$ Re se a rch Socie ty
                     ESD Inform a tion
                                                                                ESD Eva lua tion                                % 8299:;/+<8,+9;:.;(*3+:=
                     Se rvice Syste m
                                                                                  Com m itte e                                    4>26(/-:?(0+-?3/-/2/-:?3+(?>+
                                                                                                                                  :;.(?-@(/-:?3
                    % &'()(*(+,-.-/(0+                                     Summarize a nd e valu ate                            % A434(;6B+(?>+3/2>)+/:+(->
                      12342*5+4/67                                                                                                /B4+9;:.;433+:=+&'()(*(+<8,
                                                                           results of acti vities
                                                                                                                                  (6/-C-/-43
                                                                                                                                % A4C-4D+0:6(00)+;404C(?/+
                                                                                                                                   9;:.;(*3+(?>+62;;-620(+
                                                                                              Evaluate Acti vities
                                                                                                                                   :?+<8,


                                                                Pro vi de in formation
                            Present results                     and ed ucational                     Rep orting      Suppo rt
                                                                materials



                                                                                               Public Educa tion                                      NGO/Civil
                                                     High Schools
                                                                                                   Fa cilitie s                                       Activitie s
           De signa te d
           Orga niza tions
           a nd                                Junior High Schools                            Municipa l Progra m s                                Busine ss Pla ce s
           Activitie s                                                                           a nd Policie s


                                                Ele m e nta ry Schools


                                                          Fform al G                                 F non - fo rmal G                             F in form al G




For inquiries
Secretariat of Okayama ESD Promotion Commission
Environmental Conservation Division
City of Okayama, Japan
meiko hara@city.okayama.okayama.jp




                                                                                                     15

				
DOCUMENT INFO
Shared By:
Categories:
Tags:
Stats:
views:2
posted:10/2/2011
language:English
pages:15